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TAKING FORT SAN JUAN
Description oF the Battle That Preceded the Surrender of Santinoo de Cuba The Spaniards Pouflht Like Demons. The attack upon Ran Juan, the Bom lull fort near Santiago, was eomlueted under tho omraand of (Ion. Kent, with the main division nf the army, tt w in a blttor struggle, tho Spaniards rwut Inx with a determination hiiiI tleree en ergy that was surprising. After some two bourn' tinnl fighting, In whleh tho attaek swayed ilie right of tho defense lowly but steadily backward. th rnn ter broko ami the position was won. Driven onto from tliolr position, the Spaniards hail no heart to return. They continued to light In a ilenultory wny. but retired alter a brief period, the nmln body retroatltiK upon the Intrench menta of Santiago, other hurrying in HI Canny, where o bitter tlx lit wu In progress. HI Caney proved to be the ronl tin t -tress of Spanish strength. The hill on whloh It stood gave the defending force a great advantage. Not only thin, the larger portion nf the Spanish army had been Htntloned there, In anticipa tion of tho attempt to ca. off tho re treat to tho Interior wht.h tho capture, of 1JI Caney nlTeetod. Those two fac tor! combined made the task before tho right flank n moit dimoult one. Ilnd it not been for the exceptional liruvory of the men It could havo only resulted In a disastrous failure. The American attack w, well dlreet ed. From the front (Jen. laiwtun led with hi Infantry force of several thou and men. Ho was supported In the rear by den. Wheeler with four light batterlea ot artillery, on the left by den. Young, In command ot a forco of the regular cavalry and Itnugh Hlders, and on the right by (Jen. Garcia, with a command ot eome 5, 000 Cuhana. It wo Oarcla's mission to pass HI Caney to the north and complete the circuit ot tbe city should the Amerloana fall In the assault on the town. This wan an easy task, with tho attention of 'ho flpanlarda distracted He, however, disregarded his ordor and enmn to the assistance of Lawton, and hy bin hruvo efforts won desorved praise. It was Lawton who faced the serious work. Tho charactor ot tho lighting in storming tho main redoubt wax nut fully realised. Tho entronchmouta lay west of tho bills. Without cover tho Americans, In tliolr advanco up tho lope, were for fully 300 yards exposed to the volley fires ot men protected to tho shoulders In rifle pita. Hut thoy carrlod the trenches by yucveeelve rushes, pausing and huddling behind very bush or rut for tomporary iiholtor from the rain of bulloU, like Htorm drlven sheep. The wounded were dragged out of tho death hull. After aeh pause the men, undaunted, pushed on, firing as tbey ran When thoy reaehod tho trenches the latter weru full to tho brim with tho enemy'a dead. Tho Spaniards had lied over tho sum mit of the hills, but standing upon '.he bodies of their fallen comrades, there they remained fighting valiantly to tub end. They refused to glvo way, hut con tinued tho work with tliolr Mausers, enfilading the American line on it came over the trencho. One volley whloh a company ot cavalry tired tumblod them forward on their faaeM. Thle wns tbe charge In which the Sixth, Third, Ninth and Tenth ravatry itnd the Hough Illdnrs, all dismounted, and In which the Twenty-slith, Sixteenth and Twnn-ty-seoond Infantry and tho Sovcuiy flrst New York were ongagod. After the trenches and rednubtH were taken eamo a bold attempt by the Spaniards to recover thorn. This oc casioned the Hereout lighting mid the greatest loss of the day. When the Spaniards broke behind the hill and paeted between tho reserve, who came forward, with a rush upon ur hreathleaa men, striking sud breaking the line In several place, their Impel u ostty for several mluuttM well-nigh pads wr hoys waver Then, rallying gallantly, they ataggerwl forward, ear rylMjc eoHfhwton lain th enemy Lawton'a division bivouacked far the night near HI Caney without llres. At 7 o'elook In the morn.hr; they were re enforced by Capt, Capron's battery, un der Ocn. Wheeler. Firing began at oneo. Promptly the Spanish answered the challenge from their forts and trenches. Orlmes' battery, coming up, opened on the Spanish troops to tho right. The common powder used by our troops smoked, and was a flue target for the Spanish field battery, which was served by Admiral Cerveta's marine. The acpurary of the nlm was remark able. While our smoke gave tho ne my our range, ttrlmo could not locnio tho enemy'ri guns, which used smoke 1mn powder, except approximately. Hut, mitlsfled as to the Spanish pniltlon, our men worked llkp mad. The Spanish lire gradually slackened, and In Iws than an hour It ceased altogether. After that only one aggressive move was made by the Spaniards. It re sulted In defeat, ami they abandoned HI Caney. At n bo lit 10 o'clock tho enomy dashed straight for the Ameri can lines. In ono or two places our men fell back from their position, but quickly rallied and drova Jio enomy back pell-moll Into their own dltchss. FAT WOMEN AND THIN ONE. The Doetor Tells Rem ot Ills TroabUe with Them. "With tho cmlng of hot weather comes also the usual army of women who want to get thin and the regl ment of women who want to get fnt!" said the specialist In the breathing spell between writing a prescription for a slim git! who wanted a musolo tonla and peering deep Into the eyes of a woman who said she had nightmare when wldo-awake.relatoa tho Now York advertiser. "1 may Jog along In com parative peace all tho winter and spring, working and praying with hys teria and prostration and neurasthenia and anemia and othor slmpla and soul f ill complaints, but Just as soon as tho warm days come and I begin to prom ise myself a little rest and relaxation, In pops Mrs. A. with an anxious fare and fifty or sixty pounds for witch she has no use and sets about bargaining with mo m If I were a Shylook. She bega me with tear In her eyes to gaxe upon her onco nylph-llke form and Implores me to advise a 'surgical diet' for her. I tell her to row a boat and take a ten-mlh wnlk at E o'clock cvory morning. 1 warn her against rnialps, cool drinks, green peas, nnd nil the other pleasures of life, and sho goes away radiant. She always loses flvo or ten pounds during the summer, often more. Strength of will seems to develop with flesh. Tho slim wom an Is not nearly so persistent. A wasp nlsted little woman came In to co me this morning. Sh greeted mo with a wnvo of her hand, flitted nbout to see the flowers In my window boxes, went Inlo ecstesles over my new book case, straightened her hat boforo tho mirror and called my attention to tho little lines around her eyes, saying, 'You see how thin I am, nnd how old and ugly it makes mo.' 'livery time AROUND THE GLOBE The Passino Show That Makes the World's History. CA?TUWr4' Tbe Spanish losses must havo been frightful, as thoy were exposed to a ter rific fire ror quarter of an hour. The losses on tho American side were light, an our soldiers lay behind trees and had every advantago. ICven after capturing Kl Caney and San Juan nnd advancing upon Agiu doree, tho work of the Americana wns not done. It was necessary to hold thoto positions ngalnst any sortlo. Un lets reinforcements arrived at once tho men would be well-nigh exhausted by their dlfllcult work and unprepared for any assault by the Spaniards. It was this precarious condition that oxlsted on July 3, when the country wns grave ly alarmed by Shatter's dispatches. There was cnuso for nlarm, not under standing the desperato straits In which Linares was. but there was no Justifi cation for tbe criticism ot (len. Shifter which was Indulged In. Ills work wns welt done, and ho deserve nothing but the highest pralso. Subsequent de velopment soon proved these facts, Hawaiian Mutlr, Tho singing ot tho nntlvo Hawaiian Is always melodious and pleasing. The Kanaka has a quick ear for mualo and '.sums now airs with facility. Yet, no matter what selection is wing by tho nattvm, ami no matter how closely tho nolo aro followed, the singing Is al wujn peculiarly plaintive, due, no doubt, to some subtle, Indefinite dual ity ot the alngers' volees. Their ring ing U ut IU b(9t out of doors, nnd purMoulnrly when they aro upon tho wutw and the aim aro their own. N'hw York Press. 4 you fly around tho room In that ani mated fashion you lose an ounco,' said I. Then sbo sat down and spread her skirts out, poking thorn here and pull ing them thero, drew off hor gloves, looked for her handkerchief, mopped her brow nnd sighed, "Micro goes an other ounce,' said I. 'A fnt womnn would havo como Into this o(Ilce,plump ed herself down In the first chair at hand nnd stayed thoro, skirt rumpled up or not. That's why she's fat.' Then I preached n sermon, for that Is all 1 ran do for tho thin woman. Sho will listen to advlso and likes to hear mo draw glowing pictures of how she will look when sho weighs 1G0, but sho wITT not tako her medicine-milk and oat meal usually -and get.i acute melan cholia It forced to go to bid early. It's perplexing -tho way In which disposi tions are dealt out. The fat woman Invariably loves to loll nnd ent aweet things can bo serene and nnwarried. Tho thin woman ndorcs exerolso.Rcorns sweetmeats nnd has a positive mania for work and worry. Hut between them they mako a sea voyage neces sary for mo overy July." TUB ATfAOlf ON HAW J UAH. 8TAO.B WHISPERS. I.llllan Hussell Is an Insatiable poker fiend. Harllone Del Puente has entered the vaudeville ranks. Actor Max Flgman's tnothor la dead in New York ot cancer. Modjeska finds her chief home pleas ures In playing tha rolo of housekeeper. Tho peroxide blonde ot the stage has been superseded by Hor of tbe Titian Hair. Hertha Waltxlnger will sing for us In Jefferson De Angells' opera com pany. 'Nother rase of church and stage: Krrte Shannon's grandfather was a clergyman. Ivoulse Muldener has been engaged to aet In Stuart Hobson's eompany next seasen. Our old friend Henry Olay Ilarna bee Is picnicking among tbo Thou sand Islands. And new there is a gleam ot hope that nilbert and Sullivan will "get to gether" again. Krally Hlgl Is engaged to "create" the leading part In a new Husslan pier called "Vladimir." K. II. Solhern and Virginia Harned Sothorn will wend separate profession al ways next season. Adolpbe D'Hnnory, author ot "Tbe Two Orphans and 909 other plays, baa entered his 88th year. My Lady's Lord" is the name of a new play by that aspiring young Urlt Isber. Henry V. Fismond. "As a show town," lays Iandsr nirhardson, "Pittsburg li one ot the terminal points of the death trail." Denver, with the aid Jt Colorado' Supreme oourt. has put an effectual stopper on Sunday th4(rloals. It would be a good Idea to stop them U every state. Tho lllshop of Ilallarat, In a recent report, gives the most harrowing de tails as to the results ot tho long continued abeence of rain In West Vic toria. Illvers are dried up. water has : to bo carted for leagues, children halt clad roam over the country with buck ets, trying to find a little water; stock Is dying by thousands on paddocks and roads; landscapes are bare ot the least traco ot vegetation and look like a desert battlefield. There rcr'ly boa been no rain for three year. The dry rlvera nnd water holes are Mala rious, and givo rlso to fevers. Dead lambs may be seen by the hund. 'da; sheep look llko slabs ot wood. The heat rises to 111 degrees in the shade as early as 0 o'clock in tho morning and there nro many deaths among the aged nnd children. One sheep owner has lost 10,000 sheep. , Most farmers haro no returns at nil, not having been able to get back their seed. Feed for stock Is so scarro that even chaff brings $28 a ton. One miller, who wns accustomed to receive 60,000 bags of wheat n year, now receives not more thnn 5.000. Wntor is brought to so mo plnccs on trains, and when the trains arrive they uro boarded by frantic peo ple, fighting each olher for water. Probably ten people know of Miss Hraddon, the most popular of the wom en novellstn of England, for ono who has heard of her brother. Yet Sir Kd ward Hraddon In a man at note, nnd has Just eelobrated his seventieth birth- lay whllo still In active service as rro- mler of Tasmania. His health, bow over. Is far from good, and It Is pos- alblo that he rany rwilgn. His careor I haa been long and useful, It not bril liant. At tho ago ot 18 he wont to In dia to take a commercial appointment. During tho mutiny ho served with gal 1 lantry, nnd won ndmlrlon to tho In dian Civil Service, In which ho attain ed high rank. After 20 years of service ho rctlrod to nrlvnto life In Tasmania, lint hlB neighbors Inslslcd on sending him to Parliament, nnd since tnon ne has remained In public life. Tho Donulnrlly of horao racing In Itussla Ih seriously threatened by tho introduction of tho reindeer an a rival of tho horse. Tho rolndccr Is nmong trio swiftest of Quadrupeds, and enn out Htrln tho swiftest of horses. It In cs- estimated that ho could glvo tho flcot est Derby winner n start of half a mllo nnd boat him easily ovor tno ueruy raco courso, whllo for a short dlstnnco ho rpnehes n speed of alxty miles an hour. A 8u Pclereburg merchant hns constructed a special course for this new Hport, and the novel excitement Is looked forwnrd to with great coRorncss by nportlovlng Hussions. It Is ex pected thnt before long reindeer will be harnessed to hIcIrIw. nnd thnt mot pxhllanitlnp of pastimes mado moro ex citing stiii. Tho younj; Queen of Holland comes of ngo on her eighteenth birthday, which falls an the 31st or August, and will then nscend tho throne, the reg ency of her mother ceasing. Hor bud ding beauty has been raved over nnd written about as few other young -worn-en'n looks have been; her mcntnl nual- Itlcw have been praised in tho way to turn the head ot n less vain young person, nnd. In a word, sho hns been tho idol of tho nation and tho prldo of every Dutchman slnco sho first won their hearts as a cute child of T riding a pretty little Shetlnnd pony. Sho will bo crowned In tho New Church, Amsterdam, on September 0. Tho city of Como, tho birthplace ot Alexander Volta, Is preparing to worth lly celebrate In 1S99 the hundredth nnnlversnry of the Invention of tho toJ talc or electric pile. To commemorate this Important evenl. which has led to somo of tho grratrot discoveries ot tho presont century, thero will be held nt Como, from May IS to October 15, nn International electrical exhibition, to which will bo annexed a national erhlbliion of tho manufacture of silk a branch ot trade much developed 'In Como--and an International exhibition oft)? machinery, preparation and proc on a of working tno same. A cyclist who has Just returned rroni a pleasant tour round Paris has in formed the Cycle that bicycle olllns has become a profitable Industry In and around the capital. The "gralsseura pour bleyclettes," as they aro called, usually poet themselves at the bot tom at the hills. When a bicyclist ap p roaches they offer to oil his machine before ho makes tno asoent of tho slope, They are also dotted along tho level roads, ready for cuntoin, and contrive to earn a fair share of money by the ond at the day. Tbe otlers am chiefly elderly men, but r.ot a few lazy youths have Joined their ranks, and compete with them In a petty Industry that Is sometimes lucrative. The Negus Menellk has Informed bis faithful subJftcUi that ho Intet to set out in the year 1900 upon his ions proposed pilgrimage to Jerusalem which was hindered by his defensive war against Italy. He Is anxious to sco with his own eyes tho Holy City of th Hedeemer, and ot King Solomon where his nncestrew, Queen Hllkls ot Sheba, was hospitably entered by Sol omen three thousand years ago. "Hll ka," according to the Abyssinian trad I tton, was the name ot the Ulblleal Queen ot Sbeba. In the old genealogl eal tree in the King's archives, Mono- llk's name Is Insewbed as the 97th de cendsnt ot Quean Hllkls, A Judge In Sydnpy, Australia, recent ly sentenced an offender to 12 months' Imprisonment. Ho accepted the result llko n philosopher, his only comment being to ask the Judge to make It one month more. His Honor was stag gered by tho request, but wns quickly enlightened. It seems that In any sen tenro ovpr twelve months n prisoner s entitled to a remission of two months nnd five days far good behavior, but 1th sentences of 12 months and under thero Is no rebate. His honor nt once saw tho rensonnblencM ot tho request, and gave the extra month as desired. ' Tho financiers of Spain have been re cently surprised to discover how much gold has existed In that country hoard od up In out-of-tho-way corners ot tho realm. A rlso In the exchange haa had the effect of drawing many of theeo nondescript coins, dated back 20, CO and 100 years, and representing Span- nh. Portugese, French nnd Kngllnh coinages, out from their hiding places. It Is thought that there aro gsbstnntlal hoards still loft. This reprcienta fig uratively tho general condition ot things In tho Christian world, whero a vast deal of hoarded and unutilized trcasuro exints. LAST OF A PARIS PRISON. Balotatlon Which Will II IlMnl Jl Mere im Mi Ilontavard. That salutation aomotlmea hoard on the boulevards, "So you have at last como out of Maxaa, old boyP will have to bo abandoned forever. Tho famous prison near the Oaro do Lyon, which may bo compared to tho Hollo way citadel In London, has been lUoll condemned, after having long existed ea the placo of condemnation ot law breakers, says n Paris correspondent of tho London Telegraph. Every day exactly olght prU.onera out of tho 900 confined In It are carefully handcuffed, placed In n black van Had romaved to tho Santo, which In to bo demolished hereafter. Mains van built la 1845 anil took tho placo of tbo La Fores prison. It wan for patriotic reasons 11 waa called after Col. Maxaa, who was shot at Austerlltz, but his family pro tested agatnat so equivocal nn honor. Honco thh Jail was officially known aa tho Houso of Cellular Confinement. Tho public, however, continued to re fer to It aa Max. and thnt nppolla Uon wilt stick to it In history. It was originally given bocnuso It was on tho Houlovnrd d'Austorlltz, and the momory of tho bravo colonol was thus Bought to bo porpotuntml. Of late yearn tho prison chiefly contained per sona condemned to ono year or less and waa far moro comfortable than in tho old days wlion tho system at soil tary confinement In colls was rigorous ly practiced, Mazoa had a tow habit ual offenders, who purposely broke the law In order to bo eont thoro for tho winter. Ono at thrao had contrlv ed to mako himself so agroeablo and popular In tho placo that tho govor nor used to shako hands with tho fol low when ho came to pasn tho rough wenthor Inside tho hounttablo walls of tho Houso of Cellular Confinement. In u year or so hence the prisons 6t the Seine will bo established at Fresno, a abort dlstnnco trnm ParU, where largo monumental constructions aro now lu course of erection. The Htaity of lUrUrln. Prof. B. R. Klein, speaking of "Mod ern Methods In liacterlnlogy" before tho Hoynl Institution of Croat llrltoln a short time ago, alluded to tho great advances that havo been made In this science since its Inauguration by Koch In 1881 1882. So far V.na the study ot bactorla developed that it Is now pos siblo not only to count, but also to wolgb them. A postage stamp 7-8 Inch long, and 3-4 wide would carry C00, 000,000 or tbe typhoid fever bacliu, and It the luyer were mndo a tenth of an Inch deep, thoro would be 2,000,000,000, 000. It fifteen drops ot bacteria wore lot fall in a cup ot broth, they would produce In twenty-four hours 80,000,' 000. The degree ot roflnoment mani fested by tho bacteriologist In his re searches Is shown by the statement ot tho uarno authority that It Is now poi sidio to ueicci ono part or sewage when contained lu C00,000 parts ot wa tor. New Hand rir Unaln. Hnthuslastle desorlptlons aro given according to the Philadelphia Heeord ot a new hand tire engine for use In suburban and country towns, where the publlo service is not ltblu easy call which has lately been brought out In Great Hrltaln. This machine la porta bio, being mounted on a pair of strong Iron wheels, and enn pump fifty gallons of water per minute against a head of sixty-live feet, or, when used In emer gency, can bo forced to deliver one hun drod gallons a minute. Tho engine rests on four Iron feet, this position being effected by raising tbe handlo ot tbe carriage and lowering tho boiler, It la ot the qulek-ralslng steam type, and may be run up to a working pres sure In a few minutes, whloh for emer gency work Is, of courso, of great Im portaneo. The pump can bo dlseon noeted readily. Iwl of the Rpsrraw Hawk. When tbe sparrowfeawk Is swooping down on its prey.lt cleave apace at . . I .1 IPS in speau m iuv iuuij an nuur. THE UOLLEQB GRADUATE The sweet girl graduate and the rot lego honor man are ngaln In evidence In all their glory, but they have to bo content wltTi only n secondary plare In the public Interests thle year. The nll cngroMlng subject of war has thrnr.t them Into temporary eclipse. This li rather hard, too. since moet ot tii graduates now stand upon a pinna ! of prominence which wilt never be reached again by them after they de scend lo the dead level of the great soothing world In which the rwt of their lives must be passed. Tlur only really fortunate atudonts are those tow who have enlisted and are able to rumo back In their uniforms to be graduated with their clnsscn. These aro the he roes of the hour. Tho valedictorian nnd the prize winner nre common peo ple compared with those fortunate. It Is not fair that nil tho glory should go to those few who have been nhlit to don uniforms nnd go lo tho front. A nation's strength lies with the sturdy and Industrious patriots who stay at home and do their dnty there quite as much as with those who go .o battle. Those young men who have found It to be their duty to rontpMn their col lege work nnd enter business or pro fessional lines In which they csn ro- pay tho debts Incurred In getting their education mny serve their country no less than the other brave fellows who have enlisted. Tbe girls nnd young women now about to receive tholr diplomat from high schnob and col leges, In so far as these parchments nro testimonials to their fitness for tak ing useful places In the nation's homes nnd offices and schoolrooms, deserve II the transient glory that ran be shed upon tholr commencement exervlues. For the moment, however, action and not learning la la the ascendant. Uravo deeds have always counted for more thnn wise wonU In the world's ItUtory, nnd It Is not strange that book loro is for the time cast Into the shade. Doth have their places; In fact, learning and thought aro the- forerunners of great deeds. If Lieut. Hobeon had not been a thorough student and a skilled mechanic he could novcr have con ceived or executed tbe gallant deed that will perpetuate bin name. If Ad miral Dewey had not bad a third of a century ot training he could never bare won so brilliant a victory at Manila. If our American sailors were not men of Intelligence and mechanical nklll ther would be aa helpless oa thoX great lmttlivalilps as tho Spaniard have been. Thus, though tho glorious deeds lire apt to ocllpso tha years nt humdrum schooling as tho flower eclipses the bud, tho school years nnd the bud nro none tho less valuable tar all that. It Is necessary to strlko a balanr onco In a whllo between thought nnd nctlon. This la what tbo country Is doing Just now. Wo had drifted Into a stnta whero almost nil tho cnorglei of tho nation waro bolng turned Invard. Such a ntato Ih not permanently health ful, and a reaction wnn hound to como some tlmo. Llko tho ronctlon ngalnst Introspective novels, seen In the recent voguo of Hwasbbnokltng romances, tho prosent martial spirit ot the nation In natural and healthful. For tho moment It may bo a littlo disconcerting to tbo students and graduates who find tbem solve robbed of tho public eclat which they had a right to expect, but their turn will como later In tho enlarged op portunities thnt will belong to them as citizens In an enlarged nnd glorified na tion. Then give tho college graduate all the honor thnt can be spared from tho brave boys at the front, nnd tell him that his book lore la ot use only In so far as It can be made to blossom henceforth Into deeds. Whether tho deeds he martial ones, or commercial or professional, they may be equally patriotic and honorable Hut the spe cial meed of glory wll till bo roscrved for tho soldier, ntwl It 1 well that It Is so. it win tie a aorry uav ror the nation when Its pulses fall to thrill to the sound of the martial bugle. Kx. Huleliift In I'arU. In Paris, where In 1830 seven or eight suicides were recorded per year, the number now reaches from threo hundred to threo hundred and fifty. about one dally. DON'T. Don't go out walking In a driving rain. Don't roarrr a ulrl who Isn't willlna to do her shuro'of the work on tandem. Don't think because a Judge Is small that he isn't a fine-Imposing man. Don't marry a girl who Isn't Indus trious If you have no ether means ot support. Don't write popular songs It you would retain the good-will of your fel low-men. Don't think beeause a youth Is a blooming Idiot that ho Is tbe flower ot tbe family. Don't forget th-( Ignorance of the law excuses no man except tbo man with a pull. Don't think beeause a man Is Idle that he Is a loafer. He may havo a political Job. Don't figure on marrying a niodtl wlfo unless you aro an artist and un deretand figures. Don't attempt to buy up overy man who has his prlee unless you have the world's money market cornered. Don't think It's what people know about tho hereafter that frightens peo pleIt's what tbey don't know.-Dally News. A mixture of equal quantities of best paraffin oil and salad oil makes an ttOcht tewing machine bfi.