Newspaper Page Text
The Frightful Recerd of the
: Year in Marine Accidents The Number of Wrecks at Sea Last Year Was Unprecedented The Loss of Life in Some of the Larger Was Ap' palling Tragic Fate of the Bourgogne, la ptt lllVeMtMMM of the numerous modern annually projected and Irlod'by tha ttnvlHAtnrn of today, ami In sulta of complete ocean chart te ifttinltHK the cmrrenU, trade winds, paths of trartl nnd probable areas nt Imil weather during certain seasons of lh yasr which should be avnlileil by mnrlurs, the reenrd of the wast twelve months show thai the lint of easunl tlM on tho sn In alitrntlnub' liirn'. Not only are these accidents, wrockH mul Injuries Included Among the small or mill ohl-fnahloned sailing sea craft ngagd In the coasting trade, tint it-iatly bnvo they been noteworthy niHoiiK Hi largo ocean I Inert, mul mil Harm of ilollnra' worth of property nii'l raplUI Invested In tint UtMt Improved types of ocean greyhounds mul freight ntesiroors art lying today on the bed of the ocean through the losses to com merce In thU your alone. Th-' imxt twelve month have been exceptional In the swere storms which have (mm limn to tlmo swept the miis aikI played havoc with tho ship ping nml other Industries. Hpeelttlly Iim ;li In been true tht pait fnll, ami ns h rtmiU hundreds of coasting vea mU plying along the shores of tho l.'iillcil ritntc hart) been consigned to the rolit barren IhI of the ocean, where their water-logged hulks are ly I UK thickly ffirnutml with Mil, or elM tHwchtil ah'tiR the eoaat, with thtilr liulla gradually bleaching In the mm. In addition to the elements, lire lint liad lt sharp of the victims, mul tho late war with Spain has contributed not n little In the losses of ships tut taints! by the various countries this year. The year opened auspiciously for HhlmiliiK trade, and It was not until the list of January that tr.e llrst heavy loss was reported, when the Hrltlsh jiwII naclcet Channel queen whs wreck- il In n storm off the Guernsey coast, nnd ulHsteeu persons nil bounl were drowned. A rosptte followed unit! the day after the ilest ruri Ion of the battleship Maine while mirrored In tin' harbor if Havana. I'ebruaty 1. when the Krt-nrh UN steamer I'laebet was wrecked on the rook-bound const on Tensrlffe. off the Canary Islands, and ho tierce was thti raging alnrni that thlrty-olnht of Dm crew and forty of the jmasengers were lost. I'ellowlng Immediately on this cas ually fir eat ntulety wss felt towards tho latter part of IVbruary concern ing the Crouch lino ataauier U Chnm jmgne. from Havre to New York, which was greatly overdue, mid r. huge sigh of relief went up from tho nu niHroua friends and relatives of the passengers of the iiiifortutintu steam er who she was tnwod Into Halifax tMdlr Injured. Following rapidly on this news word was received from Asiatic waters In the shall of n cablegram from New Oulwlnnla. dated March 1. that a se vure hurricane had destroyed n French xuabost. ami on the zld of tho same month the bark Almy, for Olosgow. was wrecked. On th following day ferty-otglit inan of the Newtouudlaud j6IhI; steamer Greenland perished white aenrrnlng for eale In the Alaska Ire does. War having bean derbtred between the Units! Mates and Hnaln. attention was turned from those lassos and rlvst nd nyon the unprecedented successes achieved by the American natal lleeta. and while the Hpanlah war veaatd not deatroyt'd ty Mtorltn. III thoy may ha luclndsd among (lib louts far the year. Immediately upon the dMlnrnllou of tho war Commoilore (now Admiral) Dowoy wiin orderwl to proecod at once to Manila and reduce (he Rpanhdi fortl flcatlons nt that point and dostroy the Hpfltilnh lleot In tlioio wntcra. On the lot day of May his miimilron. with the Olympln aa his llagahlp. Htnrtled the 160, perishing na the ship plungixl downward to her ocean grave. Nearly nil of the cabin pasxengurN pcrUhcd. the majority of the survivors uolng atrcrngc pasnongers and sailors. The surviving pnaiengers told aatoundlnK (ales of cruelty. All order for tho time being was lost, nnd men nnd crew fought like wild hcnits to seourn a sent or standing room In the llfobonm. W'tnnoii mul ehlldren were thruil anlde. nnd ll was atntcl some men oven com mitted murder lo escape from the doomed ship. At any rate, only one woman out of two hundred was res cued, and to substantiate tho stories of the brutality n tnrgo proportion of the crow was saved. Tho how of tho Cro martyshire wiih stovo In nnd she was imrtly dismantled, nnd hnd It not been for the culm sea she. too. might hnve foundered. This, without exception, resulted In greater loss of llfo than nuy other disaster of the year for any sin gle accident or wreck. On tho 20th of July n severo storm On ths M of'Octobsr a ssvsro hurrt aano raged In Georgia and along tho ooast of that State and South Carolina. The nest da) reports bogan to como In of the extensive damago dono. The entlro sen roMt was submerged nnd numerous vessels woro driven by tho tremendous waves over tho shoro nnd stalled In the marsh back of tho sea line after tho storm subsided. Im mense damage was dono to the rlco crop nnd dwellings ndjolnlng tho sea coast. Four vcssols woro torn from their moorings In Savnnnnh, tho Ilrlt Isli schooner Rynnara, hound for St. John's. Now Ilrunawlok; Ameilenn schooner Mlllvllle, lo Mlllvllle, N, J.; the I'nnnlo U, Child, for Iloston, nnd the Italian bnrk Kranktln, nnd woro all more or lets severely damaged. The Stephen Honnett wont ashore off Sandy llnok, nnd the Isaac II. Tlllycr and the Wandering Jew sunk In tho storm. The Hrltlsh steamer I.ucanla wns nlsa partly disabled In this storm on her trip to Quconstown. On tho 14th of October the Atlantle Transport Company's steamer Mohe en n. formerly the Ctcopntrn, of tho Wilson & I'u rn ess Ixihland l-lnc. leav ing Ixndon for Now York on tho 13th with fifty pnssongers nnd n crow ot 150, went ashore off Tho I.lr.nnl, between Mnnnclos ntnl the Lowlands, nnd 110 of the 101 persons on board wcro lost, as It wns jioxt to Impossible to rescue anybody with tho henvy sea running. 3 UP- Q& (:SB .(Sg) am? CgT- g-j t .,,r . h2?wi&m&z : I iMll liTT XI" r-T-.i i naay mi 1 STORY OF A BEGGAR, L It Is qulto a llttlo story, slight and thln so thin oven, so slight, that I tear, In fixing It on pnpor with written words, to rob It of Its frail grace. Its light savor. Why, then, when It was related to us ono evening, In all the complicated nnd decorated luxury of modern talk, by tho charming woman who was the heroine of the episode why did It mnko such n tenacious Im pression upon if nil thnt It has become, In ono llttlo corner ot Parisian llfo, one of those classic talcs, patrimony of each group of society, to whloh allu sion Is always understood and wol corned T Perhaps hconuso It was n clear gap In tho chatter ot Infidelity, In tho hackneyed gossip of politics nnd liter ature. Perhaps because, as an attltudo, a gesture at times may sufflco to reveal to us n wholo fomtnlno body beneath Its clothing nl limes It also needs but a few slncero words uttered by a woman to disrobe her soul completely. Wo hnd been Inlklng ot mysterious solicitations, today classed and nnmcd by solonco, from which so few ot us aro exempt, which Invincibly compel some to add up tho flowers ot a wnll-pnpcr, the volumes ot n library, everything that s additional, under their eyes; others to Impose upon themselves the task, walking along tho sldo path ot u street, to reach such n gns-Jet betoro tho cab rolling up behind them Is abreast of them, or n public clock has struck Its Inst note, and others, again, each night before going to bed. to prac tice strnngo habits ot disposing ot ob jects, visiting cupboards and coffers. Wo discussed nil tho light diseases of our contemporary brains, crumbs ot monomania and madness transmitted by Inheritance after Inheritance, and flnnlly dliporsed throughout the wholo of our worn humnnlty. And wo all confessed our woaknoss, the nbturdl ties ot our manias, reassured by tho confession ot tho others, delighted to find them like ourselves, worso even than ourselves. . A young womnn hnd said nothing. She listened to us. n touch ot surprlso on her pcnceful, pretty visage, which was framed by even, black colls. Somebody asked hor: "And you, madam, are you qulto froo of our mod ern manias? llnvo you not n single llttlo nervous habit to confess 7" Slio npponrcd to search her momnry In all sincerity. Sho made n sign with "SrunDCRin6 r int c?Atf at aw ( nop world by the unprecedented fent of de stroying the entire Simulsh fleet mid reducing n forlllled harbor without the loss of n single man. My this nctlou In Manila buy ho sunk or copturml the entlro Spanish nnvnl forco In Paclfh- waters, and at one fell swoop destroyed grain's naval power In Pacific waters. This perfornmnce was duplicated off Knutlngo harbor by Uonr Admiral Schley on the 3d of July, when the Atlantic squadron, tinner commnnii oi Admiral Csrvera, comprising the Cris tobal Colon, the Almlrnnte Oquendo, the Vlzcaya, the Infanta Marin Teresa and the torpedo-hunts l'uror and Pin ion, wore sunk In tho short apace or two hours by tho American fleet, with tho loss of hut ono man killed and loss than ten woundod. This engagement rendored Spain powerless, ns It de stroyed nt once mid forovor the only roolly powerful nnval forco remaining that Spain possessed. The day following this groat victory, while tho nation whs celebrating the glorious nows. mi accident occurred, which was destined fur many people to change their Joy Into mourning nnd gloum. While steaming through a dense fog sixty miles oft Sable Island the Kronch l-lno slimmer li llotir gogne, from New York to Havre, col lided with the Hrltlsh ship Cromarty shire. The llourgogne was making IS or So knots an hour, while the Hrltlsh vessel was making five, with sails set. The shock was terrific, and In ten min utes this superb liner, with the greater portion of her crew and passenger, settled slid sank. The Cromartyshire, while almost In n sinking condition herself, at once proceeded to rescue as many of the uufortursles ns possible, but only succeeded In rescuing 166 of the Ttft persons on board, the balance. jfS. nt'wnKK trine mtoji C nivnged tht northeast roiiHt of Kug land, damaging miirh Mhlpplng mid ravaging the roast, leuvlng desolation nnd ruin In Its wake. On the Ilth of September n hurri cane In the Hrltlsh Wost Indies. In ad dition to destroying thousand or hulldlugs i. ml rendering fiO.000 ople homeless nnd dostltuto, cut a wldo swath In the shipping In that region and killed UiO people. Tills storm was widely heralded nnd wowl cabled to all the Wost Indian Inland npou to torn munlrntlou. In spite of this a vast nmotint of shipping wns damnged. Two vessels wore sunk off the Wind ward Islnndk. The Hrltlsh ship luau da. 1.117 tons. Captain Dodge, from Itlo Janeiro; tho American hark Gray U'liwtod. of 59! tons. Ouptaln (lllloy. from New York for Port Spain, both lying at Harbados. beside two bsrkon tines, were blown out Into the oraan mid cast ashore mid wrecked at St. Vincent. Hrltlsh West Indies. Inten sive damage was also done to th nu tlve vessel, many being blown out to sea and swamped, following this news was received that (he IeoMrd, of Ijibradnr. with a crew of eighteen and twelve passenger was lest during a severe storm olf the northwest roust of that region on Kepteinlwr IT duly lo giro to every beggar 1 meet, I will be more generous wiin ins noxi, that Is nit.' 'Hut all mr aratimentt f.A not silt cccd In convincing mo, nnd my Inward discontent Increased became-a sort of, anguish, so (list ten times I felt a wish to turn back to tho spot whero wo had, met that man. Will you bollovo It? If was a false sentiment of human ro- spect that withheld mo from doing so In the prcsenro of my little daughter. We nro really worth nothing moro tho moment wo act In viow ot tho Judg ment ot others. "We had nearly como to the end of our walk nnd woro going to turn tho corner of the Iluo I .n fit to when Sutott pulled gently at my dress to stop me. 'What do you want, darling?' "Sho fixed her great bluo oyos on mo nnd said, gravely: " 'Mamma, why did you glvo nothing to thnt poor man In tho Champs Ely-see?' "Mko me, sho had thought ot noth ing olco since our meeting with that man; hor heart was oppressed llko mlno; only, better than her mother, or mora slncero, sho confessed quite sim ply hor uneasiness. "I did not hesitate nn Instant. 'You are right, dearest ' I said to her. "Wo had walked more quickly than usual, under tho nbsesHlon of our fixed Idea; twonty minutes or so still ro tnnlncd beforo the class hour. I called n cab, Jumped Into It with Huron, nnd tlio driver went up tho Champs Ely- sees nt n quick pneo under promise of a generous tip. "Suron and 1 hold caoh other's hnnd. nnd I beg you to bollovo that wo woro far from reassured. If tho boggar should havo gono nwayT Suppose wo could not find him ngalnT Arrived nt tho Kond-Polnt, we Jumped lo tho ground; wo examined thenvenue, thoro was no beggar. I questioned ono ot tho chair hirers. She remombcred having scon him; lie wns not, alio said, ono ot tho habltonl boggars ot tho Hond Paint; sho did not know whnt sldo ho had taken. Wo woro pressed for tlmo, wo woro going uwny qulto distressed. when nil at nnro Siizon percolvcd ths man sitting on his heels behind n tree, ho was slcbptng In the shade, with his lipt between his knees. "Suznn wont up to him on tho tip of hor toes nnd slipped n plceo ot gold Into tho empty hat, nnd then we want back to tho rtuo Lnfltto. It wns ab surd, I know qulto well, but wo em braced ono another ns It wo had Just escaped from n great dangor." Tho young womnn stopped In full silence, blushing rose nil over to have spoken nt such length nbout hcrsolf. As for us, wo hnd listened to her re ligiously. Wo scorned to havo breathod n vcrv nuro nlr nnd lo have drunk n every cool wntor nt tho sourco itself. Tho Acndomy. KltlUlii ' I, AK I SV fl:i V THK WIUStK OF TUB lJULH'jOiiMi 8I.KKPING IN THIS 8HAD1C. her bond: "No. no." Wo felt that sho spoko the truth, so much did nil that wo saw and knew ot her, her restful bearing, her renown ns nn unblemished wife, lift her nbovo the fashlonahlo dolls who had Just been confessing the unsettled state of their systems. Doubtless her modesty feared tho boast ot so romploto nn Indemnity when everyone around her nnd ac knowledged nil sorts ot llttlo troubles Sho corrected hcmelf: "Good heavens! I can't say that I habitually add up tho cnb numbers, or (hat I mako an Inventory ot all my dresses before going (o bed. Still, tho other day I experienced something that tuftlclently resembles whnt you havo been describing. It 1 havo under stood you qulto n kind ot Interior Im pulsion, a forco whloh compols you to accomplish an Indifferent act on the spot, as it It wore a matter of life or death." Wo Insisted on hearing tho story. and she told It most graeloualy, with the air ot begging pardon for the olalm on tho attention ot others by so slight an adventure. "In two words, this Is what happened to me. l'lve or six days ago I had gono out with my little girl, Huron you know her, she Is 81 was taking bar to her class, for this big girl already follows classes. As it was very fine we had decided on going on foot by tho Champs Hlysees and the boule vards from my home to the Hue la fltte. And to we were walking along quite guy, chattering together, when at the top of the Hond Point a lame man. rather young, limped up lo us holding out his hand without saying anything I carried my parasol In my right hand with my left hand I held up my skirts; I confess I had not the patleneo to stop and hunt for my purse. I went on and gave nothing to the beggar. Huron and I continued to walk along the Champs Hlysetts. Tho little one had suddenly ceased to talk, and I also, without quite knowing why, no longer felt any wish to talk. We were at the Plaeo do la Ceneorde, and yet we had neither of us opened our lips since wo hod passed the beggar. And little by little 1 felt stir and Increase a kind of Inward disquietude, and uneasl- nui itin fAllntr nf Imvlnc Huiti . . n - - On the 17th the barge Klectrn, with 1 .300 tons of coal, sprang n leak off Moiitauk Point, nnd wont to the bot tom like n ball of load. On the lOili n heavy storm wns re ported off the Now Hiigland mid Cen tral Statos const, and a number ot llshlug schooners foundered, most ot tho crews escaping In boats. In Asiatic waters on tho Md of Juno n Chinese war vessol wns w rocked at Port Arthur, and 130 ot her crew drowned, nnd nt the samo time tho ChluiMo J ii n lis nnd Ashing craft suf fered soverely, and on the 30th ot Oc tobor CO Japanese were drowned us n result of a collision between tro steamers. Another storm swept the Atlantic roast on the 11th of November, nnd as a result tho newly raised Marin Tere sa, whlrh was proceeding to Newport News, hail to bo abandoned, tho crew believing hor to he in it sinking con dition. The vessel did not sink, how ever, but stranded mi Cat Island, whero she rapidly wont to pieces. During this storm the Westroeath wns aban doned. On the llth of November the Hrlt lsh steamship Uindoutan sailed from Itoeton tor l-oiulun with a large gen eral cargo and OtO head of cattle on deck. On tho SSd, In a violent gale, the ship shifted the greater part ot her cargo and also eanslzetl. For two days the men were In danger of drowning, and then the Vedamore hove In sight and rescued forty-five ot the crew by three days of hard work, during which time several men of the Vedamore were nearly drowned from the huge waves breaklr-K two of their lifeboats while attempting to rescue the Im periled sailors. On the thltd night the ships parted company, and the Veda more believed the 1mdonlnn had swamped and the captain and twenty two men on board had been drowned. A week later, however, the steam ship Maria Hlekmora discovered tho derellet. with eight additional sur vlvors. Including the captain, half starved to death, hoping against hope that they would be reissued, and suc ceeded In saving them but a few mo ments before the doomed ahlp sank. It seems another boat load had tried to net to the Vedamore. and all but , (dished an Irreparable aetlon, ot being MV6H Waf dashed to pieces or threatened, for that very reaten. with Hrawiiwl hv their boat being crushed raguo peril In the future. In general, I like an egg shell against the side at strive to see clearly within myself, as IliimlllatliiC n niml. It Is not a mooted question in Per- sin whother womon dress for tho eyes of men or Ihoso ot womon, ns thoro on ly womon seo women, nt parties. In tier book, "Through Porsla on a Side- Haddlc." Miss Sykos. writing ot tho womon ot Teheran, the onpltal ot Per sia, confesses that even Mohnmmedati Isolation does not prevent women from being envious nf other womon If they arc dressed better than themselves. Sho writes: "I was told that many of tho flno ladles would glvo largo tunu In tho ISuropcnn shops at Teheran tor r.ny brocade ot silk which struck their fancy, nnd would wear It at tho next party (o which they Invited their friends, flaunting tho now toilette os tentatiously before them lo flro tholr Jealousy. Usually, however, ono ot the guests would pay her hostess out by buying somo moro ot tho samo ma terial and hnvlug It made up for one ot her slavo womon. She then would In vito a largo company to tea. nnd tho cups would bo handed round by a tic- gross ndorncV In the rich silks with which the former hostess Is arrayed. Later on (ho slave would danco beforo (ho guests. Tho great lady, who has been Invited to be mortified, would bd both disappointed nnd humiliated. Tho lady who had given tho party would be pleased at voxlng her rival. 49 All About tli Knppr. One who meets with a disappoint ment Is fortunato Indeed if he can make somebody elso responsible. Wit ness the Italian farmer who decided that, better late than never, ho would hear one of Verdi's operas. Ho took his tleket, traveled up to Milan from the very depths ot the country, and, se curing a good seat, listened to "Aids," but be did not like the music at all, and he wrote to the composer to say so. Under the circumstances, tho far mer added, he hoped that Verdi would sfe the reasonableness of at onoe re turning him his money. There was his railroad faro, his tleket of admis sion, and his supper at Milan, for which he Inclosed tho bill. Tho maes tro entered fully Into tho humor ot tho situation. Ho wrote baek a polite letter regretting that fclms!e-fae4- fslled to please, and Inclosing the rail way fare and the price ot admission. Hut he added that, as the farmer would havo had to provide himself with sup per ot home, ho eould not admit tho Justice ot that part ot the claim, and he absolutely declined to pay for tho supper at Milan. the Londonism A I.lnguUt. Guy ti Poor Dewntrod! Quitter-' Why poor Guyer Ills wife's a u gulat.-New York Journal far as possible. And thus, all in walk ing. 1 began to examine tny eon- stance. H 'Let us see,' I said to myself, 'have ! sinned very grlerously against char ity In giving nothing to that jeggarr I never Brstind to regard It u my III lllmblllljr, "The new boarder has not said a word about the meals ret," aatd the boayding-house mistress. "No; I be lieve bo's a very religious man," re plied one ot the vlotlint. Yon sera Statesman. It's better to accept some state ments thau to bother hunting up tba proofs.