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R INDEPENDENT I . I t t írOUNTAlNAIIi, IlAv " MEXICO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER H, 1916 VOL. I NO. 12 ü tit MOUNTAINAIR STATE BANK IS NOW INCORPORATED Capital of $25,000 is Over Subscribed in Less than Two Days READY FOR BUSINESS ABOUT NEW YEARS Stockholders arc All Home Peo ple who are Interested in Mountainair The Mountainair State Bank, long a dream, has been a reality Bince Tues day noon, December 12th, the incor poration having been perfected. The in corporators are: H. F. Mathews, Jas. H. Rhoades and J. N. Burton. The capital stock will be distributed accord ing to the subscription list, as soon as the stock certificates, which have al ready bten ordered, arrive. Upon the arrival of these certificates the sub scribers will be notified and their stock issued upon payment of same. It is hoped to have the im. jtion ready for business about the first of the year. Messrs. Mathews and Rhoades re turned from Santa Fe yesterday noon, and are busy looking after a location and building for the new concern. Furniture and fixtures have been or dered and are expected to be here with in a reasonable time. Several parties have applied for stock, since the whole of the capital has been subscribed, so that there is a waiting list, in case any of the original subscribers should drop out for any reason. The long-needed bank of Mountain air is to become a reality by the first of the year or soon thereafter. Last Saturday H. F. Mathews of the foot hill country in the northwestern por tion of the county was in Mountainair, talking with the merchants and far mers of this vicinity, and succeeded in placing most of the stock necessary for the organization of a bank here. By noon Monday the last of the $25,000 capital stock necessary was subscribed and Mr. Mathews left for Santa Fe to go before the State Corporation Com mission to secure the charter. Mr. Mathews, who will be the princi pal stockholder of the institution, has been a resident of the county for some ten years, and has been one of the most successful farmers in the whole county. He comes of a family of bankers, having two brothers who are succes-ful bankers in neighboring states. Mr. J. N. Burton, recently manager of the Estancia Lumber Com pany will be the cashier of the new bank. Mr. Burton has been connected with the mercantile business during the eight or nine years he has been in the county. Prior to coming to the Estan cia Valley he was connected with a bank at Corpus Cristi, Texas, for six years, so that he brings experience along with his reputation for honesty and upright dealings. All of the stock holders are local men men who have helped largely in the building of Moun tainair, and whose faith in the future of the town has never wavered. Through its correspondents, the local institution will be able to care for any business which may arise in this vicini ty, however large. The need of a bank here has been keenly felt for some time, and especially during the past six months. The Epworth League will give a So cial at the Chapel some night during Christmas, week. Preaching Services Cedar Grove, 1st Stnday at 11 a. m. Liberty, 2d Sunday at 11 a. m, Round top, 3d Sunday, 11 a. m. Mesa School, house, 4th Sunday, 11 a. m. W. D. Garrison, Pastor. MANUAL TRAINING i Manual training, domestic science and agriculture are arousing keen in terest in Torrance country, according to the official report, made today by County School Superintendent C. L. Burt to State Industrial Supervisor I. C. Mcrsfelder. His report pays a high tribute to the rural school teachers who show an interest in these branches despite the fact that they are crowded for time, owing to the many classes they teach. Mr. Burt's report is as follows: "Mountainair, N. M., Dec. 7, 1916. "Hon L. C. Mersf elder, Santa Fe, N. M. "Dear Sir In answer to your re quest wish to present the report on "MANUAL TRAINING "Manual training is being taught in all the town schools of the county and in many of the rural schools. Owing to lack of space and equipment the amount of work being done is limited. Several schools have purchased some benches and other necessary equip ment in order to make a start. The work being done is of a practical na ture and calculated to act as a stimu lus for greater effort on the part of the teacher and pupil. "DOMESTIC SCIENCE "Wherever I have been in the coun ty I find interest being taken in this branch. Cooking, sewing clubs, etc., are organized and teachers and pupils alike are manifesting a greater inter est than ever before especially in the schools having more than one teacher. I find that the teachers in the rural schools are making the best of their opportunities and giving their pupils the best there is at hand when the limited amount of equipment is taken into consideration and time that can be given to this work. The average teacher in the rural school is crowded for time to give much attention to this work, but I am glad to state that the teachers of Torrance county are always ready and willing to make the best of their equipment. "Agriculture "Agriculture is being handled with better success than any other branch of industrials. Owing to the fact that this county has a real live wire in the person of Mr. Harwell, the county agent, much has been accomplished in this line. Mr. Harwell is always ready and willing to go into the schooj room and give the teacher and pupils pointers in their work. I find the teachers as well as the boys and girls taking a more active interest in agri culture than ever before. Pig clubs, bean clubs, corn clubs as well as ail clubs that can be classed under the head of agriculture are flourishing in the county. Plans are already on foot to make a larger and better demonstra tion along this line in 1917 than ever before. Working in conjunction with the county agent we expect to have a greater rivalry the coming season than ever before. Boys and girls who were successful last year and won the laurels and went to the state fair have added a wonderful stimulus to this work, others declaring their intention to give more and closer attention to their work the coming year, so that they will get to make the trip to the State fair." New Mexican. TO INSTALL TELEPHONES The farmers on the Mesa south of Mountainair are working toward organ izing a co-operative Telephone Line among themselves and connecting with the town. A number of these people came here from places wheie rural phone lives were in vogue and do not feel at home without them. A com munity without telephones in this day and age, is not up-to-date, and these people are to be congratulated on their spirit of progress shown. Quite a num ber have already signed up and others are ready to do so. It is planned to ',et the line in working order before the rush work next spring. HAVE YOU HELPED? There remain only ten more days for some young bdy to win the $25.00 in gold, offered as first prize by the Inde pendent. Who will win it? If anyone knows, they haven't told, who it is. We believe that even the contestants will be surprised when the voles are counted, as a number have come in and paid subscriptions, have taken their votes and voted. We believe in several instances the contestants are not aware of these votes having been cast. It is just possible that on account of such votes being cast, the young ladies them selves will be surprised when the votes are finally counted, in receiving more votes than they anticipated. The next week should see a large number of votes cast. The contes tants should make a thorough canvass and secure all the votes possible, as the last few days will see the contestants husWing as they have not done hereto fore. The coupons we are issuing may be voted any time up to 6 o'clock, Satur day evening, December 23. They are in the following amounts based on sub scriptions of varying terms: 6 mos. Subscription, 1.00,- 200 votes 1 year's " 2.00, 500 " 2 " " 4.00, J250 " 3 " " 6.00, 2000 " 5 " " 10.00, 40000 ." Arrangements have been made for placing the ballot box at the Griffin Drug Campnny's Store where coupons may be voted for the candidates. The following is the list of candidates nominated to date: Miss Hnzel Doyle lOO'l votes ' Lois Hollon ' 1(300 " " Fairy Ainett 1000 ' Josephine Capt 1000 " " Mabel Sellers 1000 " " Goldic Brunncr 1000 " " Mabel Iline, Estancia... 1000 " " Ruby McKinley 1C00 " " Áileen Robenon, Estancia.. 1000 " Mrs. Corinne Harris 1000 " Cedar Grove Mr. Medley is erecting a new house. Miss Ima Riddell has been on the sick list. Ira Bruce and family spent Sunday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Bruce. Mr. Davis and family from Okla homa arrived last week. They are visit ing in the Medley home until they lo cate. Sam Meyer, family, and Miss Hazel Furman, were visitors in the Sellers home Sunday. They were trying Sam's new Ford. Vernon Furman, wife and baby from Vaughn arrived on Tuesday of this week Mr. Furman has resigned his position as teacher in the Vaughn schools, in order to move on his home stead southeast of Mountainair. Mr. and Mrs. Sam Meyer entertained the young people most pleasantly, Sat urday night. The evening was spent in playing games. All departed at a late hour, expressing themselves as having a most delightful time. New Office at Quarai A new postoffice is to be opened shortly, or rather an old postoffice is to be revived under a new name. Punta has been without a postoffice, for some time. Mrs. Rayos Sanchez de Atencio has been appointed as postmistress, the office to be known as Quarai. Thisname is much more suitable than the old, the pstoffice being but about a mile dis tant from the ruins of the ancient pue blo of La Quarai. The office will bs served from Mountainair. Mr. and Mrs. Atencio wore in Moun tainair yesterday at which time they mide the necessary bond. M.r. Aten cio will be the assistant postmaster. WHAT CAUSES DROUTH? In recent conversation with farmerB regarding the areas to be planted to crops next year, I find that statements are usually made with some provisos. A composite statement might be given as follows: "If the season is good I will put in so many acres." It is like wise true that throughout the growing season we qualify our statements with "ifs" that are directly related to soil moisture. A great many people who have studied the subjects of dry farm ing closely believe that the question of whether one succeeds or fails rests largely with the man. Providence is being blamed less and less as time goes on for these failures. The following on the subject of dry farming is offered by John A. Widtsoe, one of our best authorities on dry farm ing. It seems very probable that this holds true in so far as the agriculture of" Torrance County is concerned. Take it for what it is worth. DROUTH "Drouth is said to be the arch enemy of the dry-farmer, but few agree upon its meaning. For the purposes of this volume, drouth may be defined as a condition under which crops fail to ma ture because of an insufficient supply of water. Providence has generally been charged with causing drouths, but under the above definition, man is usual ly the cause. Occasionally, relatively dry years occur, but they are seldom dry enough to cause crop failures if proper methods of farming have been practiced. There are four chief causes of drouth: (1) Improper or careless pre paration of the soil; (2) failure to store the natural precipitation in the soil; (3) failure to apply proper cultural methods for keeping the moisture in the soil needed by plants, and (4) sowing too much seed for the available soil-moisture. Crop failures due to untimely frosts, blizzards, cyclones, tornadoes, or hail may perhaps be charged to Providence, b t the dryfarmer must accept the re sponsibility for any crcp injury result ing from drouth. A fairly accurate knowledge of the climatic conditions of the district, a good understanding of the principles of agriculture without irrigation under a low rainfall, and a vigorous application of these principles as adapted to the local climatic con ditions will make dry-farm failures a rarity." Roland Harwell County Agricultural Agent. liberty Point December 10, 1916. Oh, how cold! The Sunday School almost froze out last Sunday. Mr. Fuller purchased a fine team of horses lately from A. L'dzby. Mr. Fulfer and son transacted busi ness in Mountainair Saturday. Rev. Garrison purchased a team of ponies of Dudlev Woods of Roundtop Saturday. W. D. Garrison filled his appointment here Sunday, preaching from the 13th yerse of the 13th chapter of 1st Corin thians. Mrs. Hodgins of Roundtop took her mother, Mrs. M. A. Garrison home with her for a visit till she recovers her usual health. There will be a Christmas Tree at our schoolhouse on Saturday night, De cember 23d with a program given by the school. Let the community help and assure success. NED. ' "Old Mr. Grabcoin is a thrifty man. He always buys his summer suits in tie f fell when they are marked down, and keeps them until the following s.'ason." "Some of these days he may lose ten or twelve dollars that way." "How?" "He may die some winter and leave be hind a suit he's never has on." SCHOOL ENROLLMENT First and Second grades, Miss Alice Hoyland, teacher. Boys 1. Jack Lee 2. Joe Brown 3. Nolan Stewart 4. Jack Farley 5. Marquildes Roques 6. Felipe Sanches 7. Ramon Sanches , 8. Otrabiano Sanches 9. Max Barela 10. Gabino Baca 11. M. A. Bullington 12. Ricardo Diaz 13. Jose Gabaldon 14. Maxmiliano Siaz 15. Andy Scroggins 16. Filimon Parea 17. Ernest McGuire 18. Robert McGuire 19. Shirley Copeland 20. Joe East 21. Johnnie Bérrellas 22. Pablo Jaramillo 23. Hersel Fulfer 24. Ralph Aierton. 25. Alfrido Belasques 26. Manuel Belasques 27. Liberio Montoya 28. Jim Trujillo 29. Theodore Kubena 30. Paul Wood 81. Alajandro Aragón. Girls 1. Aurora Jaramillo 2. Delphehia Berellas 3. Bessie Mirabal 4. Pearl Supulver. 5. Millie Lee 6. Romancita Brown i 7. Wynona Bullington 8. Berta Speckmann 9. Sophia Gabaldon 10. Louise Scroggins 11. Evelyn Orme 12. Lola Barela 13. Esther Schmitz 14. Lolita Lee 15. Dora Elsie Ladd 16. Nannie Fay Davis 17. Thelma Wood 18. Antonia Padilla Third, Fourth and Fifth grades, Mrs. McNeese, teacher. 1. Henry Brown 2. Warren Brunner 3. Luther Bullington 4. Raymond Brigance 6. Frances Capt 6. Estelle Copeland 7. Mozelle Copeland 8. Robert Coulter 9. Johnanna Clark 10. May Dyer 11. William Davis 12. J. C. Davis 13. Delta Davis 14. Ruth East 15. George Farley 16. Clyde Fulfer 17. Gladys Griffin 18. Caryll Hollon 19. Alvin Lee 20. Loren Lee 21. Arville Lee 22. William McKinley - 23. Florence Munther 24. Nellie Munther 25. Severo Padilla 26. Bessie Perkins 27. Minnie Ross 28. Bertha Schmits 29. Jeff Shaw 30. Rae Stewart 31. Bennie Supulver 32. Edna Supulver 83. Lonnie Supulver 34. Horald Scroggins 35. Ruby Scroggins , 36. Ruth Speckmann 37. Agnes Teague 38. Nadean Waggoner 39. Wesley Wood 40. Albert Cuben a. Sixth, Seventh and Eighth grades, Mrs. Veal, teacher. . 1. Robert Fulton 2. Glenn Hollon 3. Oral Hollon 4. Orville Hollon 5. Riley Lee SCHOllE MINES ARE INCREASING THEIR OUTPUT Prof. Kirk of University of New Mexico Visits the Camp NINE CARS SHIPPED DURING PAST WEEK Casin Strikes Good Ore in Shaft at depth of about 100 Feet That the minea at Scholle re be coming more and more profitable, more work is being done is proven by the fact that during the past week nine cars of ore were shipped to the smel ters, and further that the ore now being; taken out is of better grade than here tofore. Dr. W. B. Humphreys manager of the Van Horn Consolidated Copper Mining Company, has just sunk two more shafts on the property of this company, and has encountered ore of good grade-better than that hereto fore shipped from these holdings. He loaded two cars of forty-two tons each during the past week. This company will begin the erection of cabins and bunk houses for the miners at once, to be prepared for tne winter. Prof. Kirk, of the State University, has made an inspection trip to Scholle and is highly gratified at what he saw while there. He reports quite favora bly on the workings and the grade of ore now being taken out. Mr. Casin, who has holdings along side those of the Blue Star Mining. Company, has just completed a shaft, having encountered splendid ore at a depth of one hundred thirteen feet. In fact the ore encountered is reported as being quite similar to that being taken from the mines of the Cavins company. It is reported that Mr. Casin has a very tempting offer for his holdings. 6. Mike Shaw 7. Donald Shaffer 8. Walter Teague 9. Chester Perkins 10. Fred Cisneros 11. Lauriano Contreras 12. Belden Robinson 13. Veda Cooper 14. Mary Lee Colter 15. Lorene Dyer 16. Johnny Gentry 17. Nellie Failes 18. Mildred Shaffer 19. Ollie Story 20. Lorene Story 21. Irene Schmitz 22. Anna Schmitz 23. Lillian Clark 24. Nellie Perkins 25. Alma Perkins 26. Oasy Robinson High School, B. G. Woodward, teach er. 1. Hazel Doyle 2. James Bryan 3. Lois Hollon 4. Clyde Mayo 5. Gladys Brunner 6. Rebecca Bryan 7. Cecil Cooper 8. Dorothy Colter 9. Josephine Capt 10. Isabel Clark 11. Walter Hoyland 12. Florian Chaves 13. Jimmie McKinley 14. Ruby McKinley 15. Marian McKinley 16. Milton Fulfer 17. Camilla Fulfer 18. Verah Campbell 19. Thelma Farley Sunday Services Rev. J. W. Williams will preach at the Baptist Church next Sunday, De cember 17, at 11 a. m. and 7:30 p. ir All are cordially invited to attend.