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lio UNTAINAIIR F(D EN DENT i' ;rñr.rV 14 VOL. I MOUNTAINAIR, NEW MEXICO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1916 FARMERS' AND HOME MAKERS' AT COLLEGE Short Course to be Given at State College WEEK Of JANUARY Sth to 13Lh, 1917 Program will be of Special Inter est to Farmers The Farmers' and Home Makers' Week has been arranged for January 8 to 13, 1917, by tht New Mexico Agri cultural College. During this week there will be special lectures, discus sions, demonstrations and round table talks for the farmers and their wives. Matters of interest to farmers, stock growers, horiculturaltist, dairymen and ladies will be discussed. Farmers will be urged to ask questions and these will be answered by specialists and the reasons for the answers explained. 'The program is arranged jointly be tween the State College and the De partment of Agriculture of the United States. A few of our people attended these classes last year and profited largely thereby. There ought be a score or more from this immediate vi cinity this year. Reduced rates have been arranged by the railroads. Take a receipt from your agent when pur chasing your ticket and secure a re duced rate on the return trip. The whole week's expense, including board and room, will not need exceed twenty five dollars. Take a week's vacation and Bpend it at the College at Mesilla Park, where you will not only enjoy the week, but where you can secure in formation on questions that have vexed you. If requested in advance, rooms will be reserved. Write the Extension Service, State College, New Mexico. Magazine Bargain Here is a proposition whereby you can save money on good reading for the coming year The Youth's Com panion is the standard weekly maga Eine for girls and boys under ninety years of age. They never outgrow it. It has been published for several gene rations and is as good as ever. Good live short stories of adventure, serials by the best authors, ai tides on timely topics of interest to boys and girls, the news of the day in brief paragraphs, anecdotes with sharp points and morals, etc. make up the weekly magatine. The regular price is $2.00 per year. McCall's Magazine is a book of latest fashions and fiction; a ladies' maga zine from cover to cover full of good things. The subscription price which has been 50 cents per year will be ad vanced to 75 cents on April 1st. We offer a years subscription to The Youth's Companion 52 weekly issues, The Cempanion Home Calendar for 1917, a years sul:;eription to McCall's Magazine 12 Fashion numbers, one 15c McCall Pattern and a years sub scription to the Mountainair Indepen dent, all for $4.00. Figure out the sav ing for yourself and send or bring your subscriptions to this office. Jo Build Garage C. L. Burt expects to begin work on a new building on the corner lot now :cupied by his residence, soon after the first of the year. It will be occu pied by the Mountainair Garage, being constructed especially for that purpose. The structure will be 50x80 feet, with cement floor throughout. There will bi office rooms, oil room, supply room, Lidies room, nd an office room for Mr. Burt. At the rear of the building ! will be a workshop 15x50 feet. In all probability the building will be frame, p?bble-dashed, but this has not been jte'ded definitely ae yet. HAZEL DOYLE WINS FIRST IN CONTEST Lois Hollon a Close Second, takes Second Prize The Independent's Voting Contest closed last Saturday night at 6 o'clock, after which the judges, Mrs. B. R. Voss, J. A. Beal and Fred Hinton took charge of the ballot box, and proceeded to count the ballots. The vote as counted by them does not include the complimentary ballot of 1,000 votes each, given each candidate when nomi nated. The judges certified the result as follows: Haiel Doyle, 7,500 votes Lois Hollon .6,400 " Mabel Sellers '..5,500 " Fairy Arnett, 6,000 " Mabel Hine 4,000 " Josephine Capt, 4,000 " Goldie Bruner, 3,500 " Ruby McKinley 3,500 " Mrs. Corinne Harris, .. .2,000 " Aileen Roberson, 1,700 " The prizes were awarded according to the count, Miss Hazel Doyle receiv ing the first prize of $25.00; Miss Lois Hollon, second, $15.00; Miss Mabel Sel lers, third, $10.00; Miss Fairy Arnett, fourth, $5.00; Misses Mabel Hine and Josephine Capt tying for fifth place, the prize of $5.00 was divided equally between them. The Independent desires to thank the young ladies for the interest they took in the matter of securing subscriptions and feels that the advertising received by the Independent through their ef forts is well worth the expense. Christmas Exercises On Monday night the Sundayschool had its entertainment at the Chapel. In spite of the stormy weather, which interfered with the drilling of the child ren, a good program was rendered, the little folks proving their interest in the work. Every number on the program was appreciated by the large audience, from the "Merry, Merry Christmas Everywhere." of little Meryl Putsch to the singing cf the young people. Old Santa made his appearance at the close of the program, and distri buted sacks of candy nuts and fruit to all the little" folks, and found some presents on the tree for quite a num ber of others as well. At the Schools Exercises appropriate to the Christ mas Season were held in both Mils Hoyland's and Mrs. MeNeese's rooms at school last Friday afternoon. Both rooms had been decorated by teacher and pupils, and a small tree had been arranged in Mrs. MeNeese's room. Here, too, the children had written in vitations to their parents to visit the school and attend the exercises. Sev eral of the patrons were present as a result. As a part of their art work the children of both rooms had pre pared calendars, beautifully water colored as gifts to their mothers. Old Saint Nick made his appearance, leav ing each of the little folks a bag of candy nuts and fruit. Finds Turkey on Door Step On opening the front door on Sunday morning, Mrs. R. E. Farley of Albu qoerque was surprised to find a package from which escaped most savory odors. Investigation showed it to contain a roast turkey, all ready for the table and a large toothsome cake. Whence these good things had come was not at once apparent. A little fairy has whispered to us that perhaps Mrs. Far ley might be enlightened had she known how many turkeys roosted in Mrs. Hoy land's poultry house before and ;:fter Cnristmas, and how surprised Mr. Oime wasi when he learned what a great ruantity of good things are supposed t have gone into the cak that graced the Orme table on Christmas Day. EARIRS MAKING GOOD PROGRESS I FALL PLOWING County Agent Harwell Shows Advantages to be Gained thereby During the past two weeks trips over the county have disclosed the fact that wintr plowing is making good progress. While the area plowed at this time in individual fields is not ne cessarily large, it shows that the right idea is being incorporated by the far mers. Practically ninety per cent, of the people interviewed had either be gun plowing or were planning to do so in the very near future. , This state ment holds as true in the Spanish American districts of the Foothills as it does throughout the central portion of the Valley. Tractors are beginning to play an in teresting part in the program of fall and winter plowing. Several purcha ses of machines have been made re cently with the sol idea of putting them to this use. Our labor problem is getting to be acute. It seems to be impossible to get men to assist in plow ing the large areas which will go in next year's crops. Most of the conditions for plowing are ideal, and permit of unusually deep plowing, where the necessary horse power is available on the farm. Judg ing from various conversations with farmers, the idea of what constitutes deep plowing in this county is not very well settled. In some instances 4 to 6 inches was called deep plowing; in oth er instances, 6 to 8 inches seems to be the proper definition. Our plan is to recommend plowing to a depth of about 7 inches, with a gradual increase in fu- ture seasons. This furnishes the basis for good winter storage of moisture, by offering the necessary capacity. Some writers contend that the amount of mnintiire which can be stored in the ground, is practically proportionate to the depth of plowing; that is, in a giv en season, a 4-inch plowing would store only one-half as much moisture an is stored in ground when plowed to a depth of 8 inches. While we do not claim that this statement is altogether true, it is at least worthy of considera tion. Undoubtedly larger amounts of moisture cai be stored in deeply plowed g.-our.d than in shallow plowed ground. If we are io seriously consider our next year's interest, we must necessarily provide as early as possible for our moisture. There is nothing particular ly new about this statement, though the benefits to be derived from its ap plication are sometimes overlooked. The manner in which deep plowing furnishes more storago capacity for moisture is found in the following: When the soil is turned deeply and left in the rough state, it is more suscepti ble to fully thawing after a freeze, be cause of the deeper penetration of warm air, and the freer circulation of the same. Thus it will be seen, that at the time our winter snows melt, the moisture is able to penetrate the spa ces and crevice3 and become absorbed, thereby bringing evaporation to the minimum. The snowfall is likewise i ! less subject to blowing, and is held in j the field where it can accomplish the ! most good. Contrast this method with the method now practiced by some of ; our farmers, who leave the field as it remains after harvest . until warm weather opens in the spring. Upon the ' first serious drop in temperature the s il lreezes. Being protected by a thin blanket of more or less loose dry soil, it remains in a frozen state throughout t .e winter. Following snow fall, when tie melting period arrives, we notice j that instead of penetrating the soil, fchis moisture penetrates only to the I frozen earth under the blanket, and thereafter forms into a vapor cloud as it evaporates from the puddles of wa ter on the surface, or is drawn up through the now compact blanket through capillary attraction. We lose most of it. Unless the period of warm weather lasts for some time, the light snows have, to all practical purposes, done us no good. On such fields blow ing and drifting is decidedly evident. Aside from the matter of the conser vation of moisture, plowing through the fall and winter months is very ad vantageous. The weathering of the soil in this manner makes more availa ble plant food. In fact, this weather ing is the chief factor in the formation of plant food. Also the humus, which rests principlly in the upper few in ches of soil, is distributed to a greater depth and deeper root growth is conse quently encouraged. Any litter which may cover the field is placed in such position that it may readily rot and add materially to the plant food in the soil. Vegetable matter on the surface of the ground oxidizes readily, and to a cer tain extent its most useful elements are lost to the plant world. The matter of insect control furnish es a very desirable object for fall and winter plowing. This is a preventa tive measure, and as most of us have come to realize, it is the true attitude to. have in combating insect pests. The first thing to do, where possible, is to eliminate the trouble through pre- j vention. This is the cheapest and most satisfactory course to follow. The cure is of necessity of secondary importance This phase of the question has been previously discussed and should be well understood. Our losses from the cut worm during the last two years should furnish a most conclusive argument for fall and wintei plowing. The one objection most commonly met in advocating fall and winter plow ing is that, in the opinion of some.more blowing of the soil in the spring is like ly to occur. This opinion is hardly like ly to be borne out in experience. We can find very little justification of the same by talking to men who have had fall plowing experience, either here or elsewhere. Assuming that the spring work be the same in either case, it seems unreasonable to believe that the field which now remains with the loose mulch on the surface, which was left by the last cultivation and harvesting of crops, can be subject to less blowing than the fields which have been fall plowed and left in the rough. Weather ing of the soil on the smooth fields also takes place, and we find the light loose particles of earth which are responsi ble for filling up about our fences and roads where obstruction is offered, when the spring winds blow. Even at present clouds of dust are noticable from these fields, while the fall plowed fields are at rest. Fall and winter plowing is now prac ticed in practically every successful district where crops are grown under our conditions. ,It seems mo3t likely that our advance along these lines has been retarded rather by the lack of horse power and funds than a sincere question of the principles involved. To the new comer this subject is im portant, and should receive earnest CDnsitleration. If thid statement of the case is questioned, it is suggested that the people most successful and experi- . enced be closely questioned before the matter is passed. Investigation will bear out the above. 1 Roland Harwell County Agricultural Agent. RANGER PUTSCH TRANS- : MIRED TO TIJERAS Ray King to Take Charge of Local Station L. J. Putsch, who for some time has been in charge .: of the local ranger station of the .Manzano National Forest has been transferred to the Tijeras Station on. the east side of the moun tains, and is to take up his residence and work there January 1st. Not only the people of Mountainair, but all the residents .of this portion of the county J hate to give upthe Putsch family. As an officer, Mr. Putsch has made, friends of all with whom he has. had dealings. Always courteous and every ready to give information desired, he has de fended the rights of the government without tramping on the toes of tne homeseekers and stockmen. The whole family, including Lorinne and Meryl will be missed from amongst us, especially in church and Sunday School, where they have taken prominent part. The change is in the way of promo tion, and we wish for Putsch many more such, until he shall have reached the topmost round of the ladder. His successor here will be Ray King. Bill Reported out of Committee Washington, December 21. The na tional prohibition constitutional amend ment, materially altered from the form in which it was reported to the House, was ordered favorably reported by the Senate Judiciary Committee today by a vote of 13 to 3. Senators Culberson, Reed and Brandegee voted against it. As reported by the Senate Commit tee the resolution would read: "The sale," manufacture or transpor tation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thejeof into and expor tation thereof from the United States and all territories subject to the juris diction thereof for beverage purposes, are hereby prohibited. "The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by all appropriate legislation. This article shall not be construed to abridge the power of the several states to enforce state prohibi tory laws." Automobile Etymology , , The Cleveland Plain Dealer, speak ing of the use of foreign words by American manufacturers to describe American-made products, says that automobile terms are almost all im ported from France, and some of these have homely meanings in the French that are quite unlike the rather aristo cratic sound they have in our ears. We talk of the tonneau, of the limou sine, of the garage, of the chassis of the chauffeur do we ever stop to in quire where these words come from and how they come to be? A tonneau in French is a vat or tub. That is surely a fine name to apply to that part of the automobile in which the passengers loll at their ease! What is a limousine? It is cruel to be obliged to state that a limousine 3 a rough goatskin coat such as is worn by the peasants of the countryside near Limoges. The driver of a motor car is a cut above the driver of other vehicles. We do not even call him a driver. We dig nify him with the title of "chauffeur." With fear and trembling, Ictus again consult the dictionary. Here he is: 'Chauffer, a fireman, a robber." Having learned in passing that "han- ger" means a shed for a farm cart, we shall not look up the word "garage.' It probably means something even more plebeian! Ex. COMING I will be in Mountainair Monday, January 1st, 1917, to remain for a few days only. Anyone needing work in my line may find me at the Griffin Drug Store. Harper Sproull, Optometrist SUPERINTENDENT - . - ' APPORTIONS '7 V SCHOOL FUNDS Over 3,000 Pupils in County Benefitted DISTRIBUTION AT RATE OF $1.90 PER PUPIL Mountainair's Apportionment is $323 , I, Chas L. Burt, County Superinten of Schools, In and for Torrance County hereby certify to the following Appor tionment of School Funds, this 18th day of December 1916. Dist. Enumeration Amt. to Dist 1 96 $182.40 2 209 il?8-30 3 173 ' .8.70 4 68 129.20 5 90 171.00 6 164 311.60 7 151 ' r 286.90 8 130 247.00 9 68 : 100.70 10 161 '" : 305.90 11 104 197.60 12 67 127.30 13 170 323.00 14 20 38.00 15 29 55.10 16 79 150.10 17 33 43.70 18 22 " 41.80 19 21 39.90 20 70 133.00 21 13 24.70 22 25 47.50 23 46 87.40 24 76 144.40 . 25 39 74.10 26 21 39.90 27 33 62.70 28 4S ' 91.20 29 26 49,40 30 54 102.60 32 89 169.10 34 42 79.80 35 102 193.80 37 66 125.40 38 15 28.50 39 26 49.40 40 48 91.20 41 34 64.60 42 69 131.10 43 35 66.50 44 55 104.50 45 26 49. if 46 57 108. 47 55 184. 48 29 55. Total- 3029 $5786. The above apportionment is it rate of $1.90 per pupil. Chas. L. Burt County Superintendent of Schools, Torrance County, N.M. December 18, 1916. Unloads Well Drill George Hamilton has had quite a time getting his new well drill unloaded. His greatest trouble has been in securing the necessary help. Everyone is so busy that both love and money are necessary to employ laborers. The drill was removed from the car on Wednes day and will be taken out for work at once. It is No. 38 Gasoline Tractor Outfit, complete with all necessary tooli and equipment, manufactured by the Star Drilling Machine Company. Real Estate Transfers J. J. White has sold a hundred and sixty acres in section 31, T4N, R9E, to R. C. Culberson. Rufus Sellers has sold his land in section 32, 5, 8, to II. F. Robbins. Mr. and Mrs. Sellers left today for Albu querque, where they will spend the winter. Jose Tabet has purchased forty acr of land near Punta from Nicanor C rillo.