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ÍICIKTAI1ÍAÍR, IsEW 'ill&ICoV THURSDAY, JANUARY iV- XPltJ. , . NO. 15 VOL. I 640-ACRE Adopted by Congress An act to provide for stock-raising homesteads, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in congress assembled, that from and after the passage of this act it, shall be lawful for any person quali-1 fied to make entry under the home stead laws of the United States to make a stock-raising homestead entry for not exceeding 640 acres of unap propriated unreserved public land in reasonably compact form: Provided, however, that the land so entered shall theretofore have been designated by the secretary of the interior as "stock raising lands." Section 2. That the secretary of the interior is hereby authorized, on appli cation or otherwise, to designate as stock-raising lands subject to entry un der this act lands the surface of which is, in his opinion, chiefly valuable for graeing and raising forage crops, do not contain merchantable timber are not susceptible of irrigation from any known source of water supply, and are of Buch character that 640 acres are reasonably required for the support of a family: Provided, that where any person qualified to make original or ad ditional entry under the provisions of this act shall make application to entei any unappropriated public land which , has not been designated as subject to entry (provided said application is ac companied and supported by properly corroborated affidavit of the applicant, in duplicate, showing prima facie that the land applied for is of the character contemplated by this act), such appli cation, together with the regular fees and commissions, shall be received by the register and receiver of the land district in which said land is located and suspended until it shall have been determined by the secretary of the in terior whether said land is actually oí that character. That during such sus pension the land described in the appli cation shall not be disposed of; and if the said land shall be designated under this act, then such application shall be allowed; otherwise it shall be rejected, subject to appeal, but no right to oc cupy such lands shall be acquired by reason of said application until said lands have been designated as stock raising lands. Section 3. That any qualified home stead entryman may make entry under the homestead laws of lands so desig nated by the secretary of the interior, according to legal sub-divisions, in areas not exceeding 610 acres, and in compact form so far as may be subject to the provisions of this act, and secure title thereto by compliance with the terms of the homestead laws: Provided, that a former homestead entry of land of the character described in section two hereof shall not be a bar to the entry of a tract within, a radius of twenty miles from such former entry under the provisions of this act, sub ject to the requirements of law as to residence and improvements, which to gether with the former entry, shall not exceed 610 acres: Provided further, that the entryman shall be required to enter all contiguous areas of the char acter herein described open to entry prior to the entry of any non-contiguous land: Provided further, that in stead of cultivation as required by the homestead laws the entryman shall be required to make permanent improve ments upon the land entered before final proof is submitted tending to in crease the value of the same for stock raising purposes, of the value of not less than $1.25 per aere, and at least one-half of such improvements shall be placed upon the land within three years afrer the date of entry thereof. : Section 4. That any homestead en tryman of lands of the character here in described, who has not submitted H OMES December 22, and Signed by the President December 29 . final proof upon his existing entry.shall have the right to enter, subject to the provisions of this act, such amount of contiguous lands designated for entry under the provisions of this act as shall not, together with the amount em braced in his original entry, ?xceed 640 acres, and residence upon the original entry shall be credited on both entries, but improvements must be made on the additional entry equal to $1.25 for each acre thereof. - 4 Section 5. That persons who have submitted final proof upon, or received patent for, land of the character here in described under the homestead laws, and who own and reside upon the land so acquired, may, subject to the pro visions of this act, make additional en try for and obtain patent to contiguous lands designated for entry under the provisions of this act, which, together with the area theretofore acquired un der the homestead law, shall not ex ceed 640 acres, on proof of the- expen diture required by this act on account of permanent improvements upon the additional entry. Section 6. That any person who is the head of a family, or who ha3 ar rived at the age of 21 years and is a citizen of the United States, who has entered or acquired under the the home stead laws, prior to(the passage of this act, lands of the character described in this act, the area of which is less than 640 acres, and who is unable to exercise the right of additional entry herein conferred because no lands subject to entry under this act adjoin the tract so entered or acquired or Lie within the twenty-mile limit provided for in this act, may, upon submitting proof that he resides upon and has not sold the land so entered or acquired and against which land there are no encumbrances, relinquish or reconvey to the United States the land so occupied, entered, or acquired, and in lieu thereof, within the same land office district, may enter and acquire title to 610 acres of the land subject to entry under this act, but must show compliance with all the provisions of this act respecting the new entry and with all the provisions of existing homestead laws except as modified herein. Section 7. That the commutation provisions of the homestead laws shall not apply to any entries made under this act. Section 8. That any homestead en trymen or patentees who shall be en titled to additional entry under this act 8hallhave, for ninety days after the designation of lands subject to entry under the provisions of this act and contiguous to those entered or owned and occupied by him; the preferential right to make additional entry as pro vided in this act: Provided, that where such lands contiguous to the lands of two or more entrymen or patentees en titled to additional entries under this section are not sufficient in area to en able such entrymen to secure by ad ditional entry the maximum amounts to which they are entitled, the secre tary of the interior is authorized to make an equitable division of the lands among the several entrymen or paten tees, applying to exercise preferential rights, such divisions to be in tracts of not less than forty acres, or other legal subdivision, and so made as to equalize as nearly as possible the area which such entrymen and patentees will ac quire by adding the tracts embraced in additional entries to the lands original ly held or owned by them: Provided further, that where but one such tract of vacant land may adjoin the lands of two or more entrymen or patentees en titled to exercise preferential right hereunder, the tract in question may be entered by the person who first sub mits to the local land office his applica tion to exercise said preferential right. TEAS! ' AC Section 9. That all entries made and patents issued under the provisions of this act shall be subject to and contain a reservation to the United States of ail the coal and other mineral lands so entered and patented, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same. The coal and other mineral deposits in such lands shall be subject to disposal by the UnitedStates in accordance with the provisions oí the coal and mineral land laws in force at the time of such disposal. Any per son qualified to locate and enter the coal or other mineral deposits, or hav ing the right to mine and remove the same under the laws of the United States, shall have the right at all times to enter upon the lands entered or patented, as provided by this act, for the purpose of prospecting for coal or other mineral therein, provided he shall not injure, damage or destroy the permanent improvements of the entry man or patentee, and shall be liable to and shall compensate the entryman or prtentee for all damages to the crops on such lands by reason of such pros pecting. Any person who has acquired' from the United States the coal or other mineral deposits in any such land or the right to mine and remove the same, may re-enter and occupy so much of the surface thereof as may be required for all purposes reasonably in cident to the mining or removal of the coal or other minerals, first, upon se curing the written consent or waiver of the homestead entryman or paten tee; second, upon payment of the dam ages to crops or other tangible im provements to the owner thereof, where agreement may be had as to the amount thereof; or, third, in lieu of either of the foregoing provisions, up en the execution of a good and suffi cient bond or undertaking to the Uni ted States for the use and benefit of the entryman or owner of the land, to secure the payment bf such damages to the crops or tangible improvements of the entryman or owner, as may be determined and fixed in an action brought upon the bond or undertaking in a court of competent jurisdiction against the principal and sureties there on, such bond or undertaking to be in form and in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the setretary of the interior and to be filed with and approved by the register and receiver of the local lard office of the district wherein the land is situate, subject to appeal to the commissioner of the gen eral land office: Provided, That all pat ents issued for the coal or other miner al deposits herein reserved shall con tain appropriate notations declaring them to be subject to the provisions of this act with reference to the disposi tion, occupancy and use of the land as permitted to an entryman under this act. Section 10. That lands containing water holes or other bodies of water needed or used by the public for water ing purposes shall not be designated under this act, but may be reserved under the provisions of the act of June 25, 1910, and such lands heretofore re served shall, while so reserved, be kept and held open to the public use for such purposes under such general rules and regulations as the secretary of the interior may prescribe: Provided, That the secretary may, in his discre tion, also withdraw from entry lands necessary to insure access by the pub lic to watering places reserved hereun der and needed for use in the move ment of stock to summer and winter ranges or to shipping points, and may prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary for the proper ad ministration and use of such lands. Provided further, That such driveways shall not be of greater number or width than shall be clearly necessary THREE INCHES OF SNOW After threatening for some days, the weather turned warmer Saturday and about four o'clock snow began falling, continuing into the night. About three iuches of the beautiful covered the ground on Sunday morn ing. More pleasant weather reigned the first of the week. Today it is threatening snow, with storms in the mountains. Proximo Enlace El miércoles de la semana que entra, día 10 de Enero, a las 8 de la mañana, en la parroquia del Manzano, serán unidos en lazos de flores, por el sacra mento de matrimonio, la simpática señorita Ermela Sisneros, de Abo, N. M., con el joven Fidel Lopez, del mis mo lugar. Ambos contrayentes perte necen a muy respetables familias de aquella comunidad. En honor del en lace y para celebrarlo, después de la ceremonia, en la residencia de los pri meros en Abo, se dará una recepción, y en la noche, en la sala de la Unión Protectora se tendrá un lucido baile. Ofrecemos, de antemano a los dichosos jóvenes y a sus familias, muy sinceras congratulaciones. Sunday School Officers x At the ánnual election of officers of the Sunday School last Sunday, those present took advantage of the absence of the editor, who was nursing a case of grip, and elected him supericten dent of the school. C. L. Burt was chosen assistant, so that we are as sured good support. Miss Bernie Orme was elected secretary-treasurer and Miss Lois Hollon pianist. During the past year Mr. Putsch has given the school faithful service as su perintendent, but his transfer to the Tijeras Ranger Station necesitated his severing his connection with the school, much to the sorrow of all. " While the attendance in the school has been good, it ought be better, and quite a few of our people might well resolve to attend the Sunday School regularly during the year 1917 and then do it. Real Estate Transfers Abo Land Co. to W. W. Slack, lot 4, block 31, Mountainair. Abo Land Co. to Goldie Bruner, lot 2, block 32, Mountainair. Abo Land Co. to Gladys Bruner, lot 3, block 32, Mountainair. J. S. Doer et ux. to Mountainair State Bank, lot in block 24, Mountain air. Ysabel Maestas et ux. to K. Tabet& Bro. land in Manzano Grant. Preaching Services Cedar Grove, 1st Sunday at 11 a. m. Liberty, 2d Sunday at 11 a. m. Round top, 3d Sunday, 11 a. m. Mesa School house, 4th Sunday, 11 a. m. W. D. Garrison, Pastor. for the purpose proposed, and in no event shall be more than one mile in width for a drivewayless than twenty miles in length, not more than two miles in width for driveways over twenty and not more than thirty-five miles in length, and not over five miles in width for driveways over thirty-five miles in length. Provided further, That all stock so transported over such driveways shall be moved an average of not less than three miles per day for sheep and goats and an average of not less than six miles per day for cattle and horses. Section 21. That the Secretary of the interior is hereby authorized to make all necessary rules and regula tions in harmony with the provisions of this act for the purpose of carrying the same into effect. Public School Honor Roll lib Mist Alice Hoyland, TeiCher Andy Scroggins Joe East Bessie Mirabal Dora Elsie Ladd Thelma Wood Per cent of Attendance 95. Mrs. Ruth Luther Bullington Caryll Hollon Henry Brown Agnes Teague Nadean Waggoner Horald Scroggins C. McNeese Ruby Scroggins Ruth Speckmann Wesley Wood Ruth East May Dyer Jeff Shaw Per cent, of Attendance 93. Mrs. J. E. Veal Mildred Shaffer Mike Shaw Veda Cooper Mary Lee Colter Johnnie Gentry Donald Shaffer Oral Hollon Lorene Djer Oasy Roberson Per cent, of Attendance 98. High School James Bryan Hazel Doyle Lois Hollon Rebecca Bryan Marion McKinley Cecil Cooper Ruby McKinley Per cent, of Attendance 98. Monthly average of school 96. Term average of school to date 95. On Tuesday of this week the schools received very pleasant visits from J. J. Contreras, Miss Ermela Sisneros and E. S. Contreras of Abo. J. J. Con treras is principal of the Abo schools. The total enrollment of the Moun tainair schools to date is 143. The Board of Education met in the Director's Room of the School Build ing on Tuesday morning. The new students who have entered this week are: Vester Shaw, from Lub bock, Texas, High School. Gladys Baldwin, Vmcennes, Ind., 8th rade. Ernest Baldwin, Vincennes, Ind., 7th grade. Willie Bussey, Ft. Sumner, N. M., 4th grade. Felipe Mirabal, Punta de Agua, N. M., 5th grade. Pat Shaw, Lubbock, Texas, 1st grade. Dennis Shaw, Lubbock, Texas, 1st grade. Montgomery Bussey, Ft. Sumner, N. M., 2d grade. Deroy Day, 1st grade. Old students who have returned to school are: Chester Perkins, 7th grade. Estelle Copeland, 4th grade. Mozelle Copeland, 4th grade. Shirley Copeland, 2d grade. Robert McGuire, 2d grade. Ernest McGuire, 1st grade. Storey-Blevins On Tuesday of last week, Miss Leah Storey and Hanson Blevins stole a march on their friends by slipping off to Es tancia, where they secured the neces sary papers at the County Clerk's of fice and were joined in matrimony. They were accompanied by Miss OBa Robinson and Mr. Mooney, who acted as witnesses to the ceremony and Miss Leona Storey and Walter Storey, sis ter and brother of the bride. The bride is a daughter of W. L. Storey of this place, while the groom holds a respon sible position at Rincón, N. M. The Independent joins numerous friends in wishine them a long and happy mar ried life. Woodward Popular at Socorro Principal Bert 6. -Woodward of the Mountainair schools, who has been the guest of Socorro friends during the holiday vacation, expects to leave to morrow afternoon to resume his duties on Monday morning. During his stay in Socorro Prof. Woodward was the recipient of much social attention which is only another evidence of the esteem in which he is held by the people among whom he resided for two years. Among a number of entertainments given in his honor during the week were a Christmas dinner and bridge party by Dr. and Mrs. C. G. Duncan, dinner by Mrs. Ada Lougee; bridge party by Mrs. A. X. Illinski on Thursday night, and more bridge on Saturday night by Mrs. John E. Griffith. Dainty, delec table eats were served on the occasion of each bridge party. -Socorro Chief tain. NEW MEXICO - IN 9th. FEDERAL - LOAN DISTRICT New Mexico ?lwill be in the ninth federal loan district, the headquarters of the district being at Wichita, Kan sas. There were not less than 75 cities making application to be named as headquarters for the twelve districts. The ninth district is composed of the states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico. The banks will be established as soon as practicable. Each bank will have an authorized capital of $750,000. Farm Loan Organization We have been asked to announce a meeting of those interested in organ izing a Federal Farm Loan Association at the schoolhouse on Saturday after noon, January 6th, at 4 o'clock, All nterested in this matter are urged to be present that the necessary steps may be taken to get the organization under way. Work on Building is Rushed The new bank building is now weath erboarded, and carpenters are working on the roof. The structure will be bun galow style, with plenty of light on the south, east and north. The adding machine for the bank has arrived at the local freight office. Mr. Burton came over from Estancia Monday and left almost immediately for the east to secure the safe for the bank. Garage under Way The building being erected by J. A. Beal for a garage is about enclosed, the roof being put on, as the weather will permit. The building will be 20x80 of frame with shingle roof. Contractor Moore is in charge of the work. Buys Out Partner J. J. White has purchased the hold ing of Jas. II. Rhoades in the Moun tainair Lumber Company and will con tinue the business under the old name and at the old 6tand. Mr. Rhoades, who has been instrumental in the or ganization of the Mountainair State Bank will give his time and attention to the banking business. Cedar Grove Mrs. A. J. Furman is slowly improv ing at this writing. Cedar Grove school resumed duties Tuesday, after a weeks vacation. Jo Medley and family spent the first of the week with relatives near town Mr. Bussle has dug a well and struck plenty of water at a depth of 60 feet. Mrs. Coffey has been very sick the past week but is better at this writ ing. Luther Morris and family will oc cupy the Morrison place the present year. A good snow was welcomed in this vicinity, last week after so much wind and dust. Rufus Sellers returned from Albu querque. Sunday night. Mrs. Sellers will remain several days for the pur pose of having dental work done. Rev. Garrison will conduct services at Cedar Grove- next Sunday, at 11 a. m. Sicifcness prevented his filling his appoiatment before. Everybody cor dially invited. Vford has been received of the death of R. W. McCombs, in Joplin, Missouri, from injuries received from the explo sion of a steam pipe. Mr. McCombs waa a former resident of Cedar Grove.