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The Tucumcari news. (Tucumcari, N.M.) 1905-1907, November 04, 1905, Image 14

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3 Arms of
Magnificent Collection of Obsolete Weapons
and Armor on Exhibition at London, Eng,
It was early in J 9U2 Unit the Japan
society, now counting j,2fo members
and presided over by Viscount Haya
shi, Japanese minister to the court of
St. James, had a relatively modest
origin in Loudon. Their object, as de
fined by their statutes, was nothing
if r.ot comprehensive. It included the
encouragement of the study of the
Jananese language, literature, history
and folklore of Japanese art, science
and industries of the social life and
economic condition of the Japanese
people, past and present, and of all
Japanese matters. In fact, one must
suppose that nobody has ever hunger
ed more to learn so much about Ja
pan. Among the chosen means of further
ing these, fervent aspirations were
meetings, transactions and loan exhi
bitions. "The Arms and Armor of
Old Japan" is the subject selected for
the first exhibition of the Japan so
ciety, and a highly interesting show it
is. Either displayed in cases or hung
upon the walls, at the galleries of tho
Hoyal Society of Painters in Water
Colors, there must be at least 1,."00 ob
jects and illustrations of warfare.
The greatest part dates from the
fourth and last evolutionary period of
old Japanese armor, beginning with
the Tokugawa Shoguniate, HioP., and
ending in JS7J. when the wearing 01
arms was abolished. Jf prehistoric
times there arc bronze arrow
heads, probably dating from about -inn
B. C, but I did not notice anything to
represent specially that first evolu
tionary period which commenced in
200 A. I), when the fleets of Japan,
commanded by the alorous Queen
Jingu, sailed westward to Korea, and
"mado the arms of Japan shine be
yond the sea."
Sword Decorations.
For centuries the best work of the
most famous artists in metal was de
voted merely to the decoration of the
sword, and now, in the present-day
catalogue, three out of seven introduc
tory articles are devoted to the sword
and its decorations. The swr Istiiit lis
As the Armored
of Japan lifh'. of eour.-e. i ry hon- !
orable position. They with not looked i
upon a; nrrh's. and the fuming of a ;
hlarie wu a semi-religious ceremony.
which required cor.ilerable prepara
tion. As a condition of success the
Emlth had to live a moral life and ab- I
stain from all excesses. !
Of the sword smith. Prof. Inazo
Rltobe writes "Dally commenced .
his craft with prayer and purification. ;
or. as the saying was. lie committed j
hie soul and spirit into the forging i
and tempering of the eteel. Every j
xwlng of this slsdse. e-erv pluag into 1
Old Japan 5
a religious act of no slight import
Was it the sntrit of the master or of
his tutelary deity that cast, such a
spell over our sword? Perfect as a
work of art, setting tit defiance its
Toledo and Damascus rivals, there
was more than art could impart. Its
cold blade, collecting on its surface,
the moment it is drawn, the vapors
of the atmosphere; its immaculate
texture Hashing light of bluish hue;
its matchless edge, upon which his
tories and possibilities hang; the
curve of its back, uniting exquisite
grace with utmost strength ail these
fill us with mixed feelings of power
and beauty, of awe and terror. '
Pleasant it is. indeed, to meet with
such enthusiasm yet. perhaps, the
unterrified western reader will con
sider the marvelous quality of a Japa
nese sword blade due to the sword
smith's art and science rather than to
his purity and prayer. These blades
were forged from soft elastic iron
combined with steel, or from two or
three tirades 01 sceel; and urtom;
methods were employed for their com
bination one of the best being to weld
together two strips, one of iron and
the other of steel. This compound
strip was then folded on itself, welded
louether and drawn out to the ori Ki
nal length, when it was a an in folded,
welded ni;d drawn out its before. F.x
tremv eare was taken to insure earn
weld being perfect, and the process
was repeated until the billet from
which the blade was forged contained
many thousands of alternate layers of
differing metal.
The forging completed, the blade
was scraped and filed all over and
minutely examined. If the smith was
satisfied with h he proceeded to the
next and most important operation,
the formation of the yakiba, or hard
ened edge, which appears as a band ot
pearly luster along the edge. The
blade was covered with a mixture of
clay, sand and charcoal, and when
partly dry the covering was ntr
through on both sides in the particu
lar outline desired along and near the
dge. This part of the coating was
Warriors Fought.
removed, leaving only tho narrow
margin and the edgo exposed, and
the blade, held edge downward, was
passed tu and fro in the. lire until the
psposed portion reached the proper
temperature when it was plunged luto
water. The outline of tho hardened
edce thus formed is a characterization
of different smiths and schools of
torpin? rh-M-e are fhir'v.two lecog
nUti principal classes of outline, with
some subdivisions.
How Blade Was Mods.
Fr triedtcg. Snishins? and sharps
size and fineness were used, but never
a circular revolving stone. The bladn
was either rubbed on them, or with
them, held in the hand, and finally
the back and tho two flat sides ot
each face of the blade next the back
were burnished with a steel burnish
lug needle.
The principle of using a hardened
edge while the body of the blade re
mains comparatively soft is tho most
cluu act eristic of the Japanese swords.
They are essentially cutting weapons
and the smith's object was to produce
a sword with a very hard, keen and
durable edge, while at the saino time
avoiding all danger of breakage, how
ever hard a blow might bo struck.
Tho western swords are made equally
hard all over, but. of a limited hard
ness. If they were made as hard all
Voluntary Hari-Kari.
over as the i dge of tho Japanese
sword they would ho so brittlo as
to break the first hard blow.
The Japanese swords arc divided
into two great classes called Koto and
Shinto, meaning old and new sword,
respectively; that is. produced before
or aTter the year 1 f!0:i. The Taiko
Tovotomi Hideyoshi is responsible
for this division and in his time flour
oushed Honami Kosetow, tho first
sword expert, whose judgment was
accepted as infallible. His position ot
official sword expert has been held
by the same Honami family down to
the present time. The most famous
swordsmith of Japan was .Masamtine,
and In the ehil ition of one of the
finest of several Hue blades, lent by
Mr. Dobrce. is certified by a Honami
expert to be by this great swordsmith
.Masamtine Goro Ruydo Masamuno of
Shoshu. who lived from UitU till 1 3 4 -f .
Before LS71 a blade of this kind would
have been priceless. It is still one o
the greatest treasures a collector can
desire. Hoston Transcript.
Put Rembrandt in the Shade.
Dudley Hardy, London's artist, says
he admires American art and likes
some American artists but not all.
When asked to say more than this lie
tells a story to show which kind ho
docs not like. Here it is:
"It was at staples, and there worci
two of them at the table next mine1
two quite pretty girls, they were--and
they talked Art at the top of theit
voices. First it was Titian. Hofallei'
to find approval lor anything. Then
It was Velasquez. He was worse tha i
Titian, if possible. Then It was Rcim
brandt, and for a moment I thought ho
wa j going to be indorsed. Rut it wad
only partial.
" 'Rembrandt'K all slick enough
tomotimep,' admitted one of tho la
dies, 'but you jes" ought to see the
juicy sketch I did this mornin'!'
"I swallowod my soup the wrong
way and fl"!.' adds Mr. Hah
Had a Good Re.st.
De StyleDid it do any good tc
send your wifo and eight children ic
mountains this, rummer"
0.nt':& a OTs, "es. I fel feet-
Lace-Making I rich Qlrls.
Four little Irish colleens, straight
from County Roscommon, and with the
Hush of health and beauty on their
cheeks and the brightness in their blue
and gray eyes which only country las-,
sles from the Emerald Isle possess,'
came to New York on the Baltic Thurs
day to show New York girls and
women how to make the priceless Irish
crochet lace which adorns their gowns.
They were Annie O'Daly, Kate Klll
duff, Kate Burke and Katherine Kenm .
and wore in charge of two sweet-faced
dsters of the order of Franciscan Sis
ters of Alary Sisters Bridget and Co
lumbn, says the New York American
Tho little girls arc students in the
Doughlynn Scnool of Industries at Cast-era,
County Roscommon, and are
such export lace makers that they were
nhosen to represent the school at the
Irish Industrial Show in tills city.
Bread-Fruit for Uc.
Consul Anderson of Hangchow thinks
the pomelo or Chinese bread-fult would
do weil In this country. The fruit,
is grown In the United States by a few
persons, but not commercially. For
eigners agree in declaring that the
he pomelo or Chinese bread-fruit would
East. Jt combines the good points of
the orange with the good points of te
The Chinese say that a good-sized
tree will ordinarily produce from MO to
700 potnoloos. When it is considered
that many pomeloes will run as large
as seven or eight inches in diameter
and even larger, it will be appreciated
that such a tree is bearing a load. The
fruit is more oval than round. Its color
and appearance are those of grape
fruit. Best in the World.
Cream, Ark., Oct. 9th. (Special.) -After
eighteen months suffering from
Epilepsy. Backache and Kidney Com
plaint. Mr. W. II. Smith ot this placn
Is a well man again and those who
have watched his return to health un
hesitatingly give all the credit to
Dodd's Kidney Pills. In an interview
regarding his cure, Mr. Smith says:
"I had been low for eighteen months
with my back and kidneys and also
Epilepsy. I had taken everything I
knew of and nothing seemed to do me
any good till a friend of mine got me
to send for Dodd's Kidney Pills. I find
that they are the greatest medicine
In the world, for now I am able to
work and am in fact as stout and
strong as before I took sick."
Dodd's Kidney Pills euro the Kid
neys. Cured Kidneys cleanse the
blood of all Impurities. Pure blood
iscaps good health.
Value of the Weather Man.
In spite of the standing jokes about
the weather man, it is probable that
for every dollar spent on the weather
bureau $1(1 are saved, says Country
Life in America. At the time of the
Mississippi flood of 1897 $15,000,00')
worth of live stock and other property
was saved as a result of warnings is
sued a week ahead. Signals display.- I
for a single hurricane have detained
in port vessels valued, with their chi
goes, at $20,000,000. The West Indian
stations, established In 1898, Inform us
of hurricanes as soon as they begin.
Tho courso of tho hurricano that
caused tho Galveston flood was charted
for a week before It struck our shores
for hurricanes move slowly. Eighty
live per cent, of tho forecasts r.ow
como true, and by the aid of 'Mral
free delivery 25,000.000 forecast cards
were distributed last year to farmers,
many of whom could not have had
them five years ago.
A Profitable Purchase.
Tho purchase price of Alaska wa?
?7 250,000, and it has been estimated
that the money which Its furs, fisher
ies and mines have returned to the
people of the United States since its
purchase is in excess of $10,000,000,000.
Strange as it may seem, an abun
dance of grasshoppers does not add to
the Value of the hop crop.
IL&zl t us car. ctffi: a surs rssu'dy
Icr ctiuc per'pl'a Ills,

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