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The Tucumcari news. [volume] (Tucumcari, N.M.) 1905-1907, January 13, 1906, Image 2

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Mayor Boylo of Newport, R. I., has
boon nominated for his fourteenth
term. Ho must he to Newport what
President Diaz is to Mexico.
There is some fear lest the nihil
ism in Russia has so Increased the
quicksands that u good foundation
for government will be hard to find.
"Kid" McCoy, the prize fighter, has
married a widow wilh throe young
children. This thoroughly disproves
the charge that Mr. McCoy lacks grit.
Russia exchanged i.SGG Japanese
prisoners for 6-1,000 Russians. Japan
may not moan it that way, but it looks
a good deal like udding insult to in
jury. The Boston Globe says in some ad
rice to sportsmen that they should be
sure what they shoot has four legs.
Does this legalize a shot at the farm
er's cow?
A New York man got marrisd in
tho Tower of London, which is. called
"the saddest spot on earth." Not the
first man to lose his head there.
New York Herald.
A Pittsburg physician who sued a
widow for broach of promise Is now
married to her. This is a now meth
od of going to court a wife by first
taking a wife to court.
Tho proposition to limit salaries to
U0.000 a year would get more gon
ernl support if It were amended to
make it a proposition to increase all
salaries to $10,000 a year.
One learned antiquarian explains
that Westminsior abbey "was once
the abbey of a monastery," but ho
unfortunately neglects to give the
name of tho monastery's abbess.
Only $0,000,000 of tho sum Philadel
phia's filtration system cost her was
got away with by tho politicians
That Is very moderate, considering
that the total sum was $1S,000,000.
It is now shown that the lato Sec
retary Hay died a comparatively
wealthy man. He abandoned tho am
bition to becomo a poet early enough
in life to appreciate tho value of
An Iowa man while cutting cora
unearthed a pot of gold. Let the
youth of tho land observe that the
man was working when this bit of
luck struck him, not loafing around a
livery stable.
Tho United Status produces 9S per
cent of the world's known output of
natural gas. Now who will bo tho first
to riso up and say that congress and
other legislative bodies furnish OS per
cent of tho natural gas output of the
United States?
A Pennsylvania man who made a
journey to Spain to get a mythical for
tune offered to him by a Spanish letter
writing swindler has come back with
out the fortune, but as his henlth Is
greatly Improved by tho trip he isn't
altogether i loser, after all.
William Volker of Elmira, N. Y.,
ft 11 downstairs and broko his neck.
Two policemen lifted his body outo an
nmbulanco stretcher and failed to
support his head, which dropped into
such a position as to "reset" his
spine. It was a fine feat, but Volker
is not betting ho can do it again.
An American lady who has been
painting n portrait of tho dowager
empress of China says Tsl An has tho
most beautiful smile In tho world.
There is a general suspicion, howerer,
that sho doesn't xerolso It tnuah.
Points of the Horce.
In judging horses or purchasing
horses for breeding purposes, a knowl
edge of desirable and undesirable
points Is of considerable Importance
and vnluo. One should, for instance,
know that when a horso carries his
cars rigidly, neither moving them
back or forward, he is probably deaf,
and a tendency to this trouble may
prove hereditary. On tho contrary, a
horso that Is constantly moving his
ears is likely to be defective In eye
sight and is therefore using his ears
to make up for imperfect vision. Wo
also suspect that a horso showing this
hnbit will be likely to run away when
exposed to cnuse of fright or alarm,
and his disposition will not likely bo
desirable in other respects. If tho oars
are very small, it Is common to find
small eyes in tho same association.
This is characteristic of some breeds.
The Percheron, for Instance, has some
what small ears nnd eyes, while tho
Clydesdale has largo 'hazel eyes nnd
bettor proportioned ears, although
they may be somewhat coarse and
hairy, as Is more seen In the English
Rigid, upright ears are nlso char
acteristic of tetanus (lock jaw).
Where that disead! Is present it is
further shown by an Infallible test.
On raising the horse's head the "haw"
(membrana nlctitans or "washers")
of the eye protrudes from the Inner
corner across the eyeball. One should
not purchase a horso showing this
symptom. Wo know of only one In
stance In which it did not evidence
tetanus. One should beware of wrin
kled eyelids too, for they Indicate In
most instances that the horse has suf
fered one or more attacks of "moon
blindness" (periodic ophthalmia). In
addition to wrinkles one sees that the
eyelids under these circumstances arc
not nicely arched or curved but are
likely to be angular, and a careful ex
amination mny disclose a white ring
around tho eyeball or a white spot or
two on the pupil.
Tho ring is suspicious; a spot Indi
cates cataract or result of a blow;
tho eye is unsound if a deposit or dis
coloration is seen at the lower part
of the pupil. As regards the eyes It
should also bo remembered that blind
horsos have sometimes wonderfully at
tractive, prominent, bright eyes.
Where such a condition is found, the
blindness is duo to amaurosis (glass
eye or paky of the sight) and the
cause is paralysis of the optic nerves
and retina. In sound eyes tho pupils
should contract when exposed to the
I'iF.Hl on coming from a dark place.
This does not occur when amaurosis
Is present and the eyeball Is seen to
bo spherical instead of ellptlcal the
latter shape characterizing a sound
Conditions such as wo have outlined
should bo looked for when examining
a horse, and one should also test tho
sight by very gently threatening to
strike tho eyo with the hand. Do not
make a sudden, alarming pass at the
eye as tho horso though blind will
feel a column of air strike the face
and flinch accordingly, or the hand
will strike tho long hairs which pro
trude from the face under the eye;
fear of a very lightly aimed blow, just
the raising of tho fingers towards tho
eye, should cause the horso to wink and
flinch If the eye Is sound, or at least
not blind. Coming to tho nostrils ouo
fchould know that tricky dealers some
times plug one nostril with a sponge
to prevent a roaring horse from show
ing his unsoundness to the prospec
tive buyer. It Is much belter to dis
cover tho sponge before buying than
to find it in tho manger after getting
the horse home. Examination will
!ow that a horse has two false nos
trils in I'.dditlon to the true nostrils.
'rumors or cysts sometimes so bulge
tl.p fate nostril as to reduce tho call-i.t-
of tho true nostril ami so causo
obstruction In breathing. Purple spots
seen on the mcmbnuio lining the nos
trils tell that the horse Is affected
with purpura haemorrhaglca, a die- i
ease of debility seen to follow a se
vere attack of Influenza, etc. IMcers
upon tho lining membrane of the par
tition between the nostrils denote
glanders. Bad odor associated with
dlschargo from tho nostrils Indicates
chronic catarrh or presence of a dis
eased molar 'tooth. A drooping lower
Hp may bo duo to paralysis; it also In
dicates lazy, sluggish temperament.
A. S. Alexander iu Farmers' Review.
Sheep as Land Cleaners.
Tho worth of sheep In trimming out
weeds nnd brush In tho pastures is
well illustrated In a field which we
have been tin owing open for the sheep
for n few years past. When we began
turning the sheep In there the wire
weed was so high that we could scarce
ly see their backs as they fed around
tho lot. I do not know as all readers
of tho Farmers' Review know tho
weed here named. It is a species of
Golden-rod (Solldago). with a root that
runs far out from tho parent stem
sometimes for six or eight feet. It
seems to like cultivation, for every
time tho root, is broken a lot of ne-v
plants come up. Every bit of the root,
no matter how short it may be, will
sprout If put into the ground It is
one of the hardest things to kill 1 ever
came across.
But tho sheep have done what 1
could not do with plow and cultivator.
They have kept on gnawing at tho tops
of tho plants until they have just about
subdued them. Where once there
were a hundred wireweed plants there
are now not five, and even they are
much re 'ueed In size. The sheep also
have cleaned out all the other brush
and weeds from tho pasture. If I had
a piece of land anywhere on my farm
that was Infested with foul plants I
would fence It off for a sheep pasture
and let the animals work at It. They
would soon accomplish tho work In
good style. E. L. Vincent in Far
mers' Review.
Butcher Ho.qs.
Butchc. hogs as a class arc
principally barrows. Other things
being equal, barrows sell more
readily and nt better prices than do
sows. In a drove of butcher hogs
there may be present a few good sows
without detracting from tho value of
tho drove. Good young sows, as a
rule, are kept on tho farm for breed
ing purposes, and poor young sows and
old sows will not take on tho finish
required in the butcher hog class.
Butcher hogs are usually used for tho
fresh meat trade. About 25 per cent
of tho hogs coming to tho Chicago
market are of this class. They range
in age from about six months "for the
light butchers to one year for the
heavy butchers. Tho class of butcher
hogs is divided into three subclasses,
as follows: Heavy butchers, 2S0 to 350
pounds; medium butchers, 220 to 280
pounds; light, butchers, ISO to 220
pounds. William Dietrich.
Brewers' Grains vs. Distillers' Grains.
Both brewers' grains and distillers,"
grains are on our markets, and the
dairyman frequently asks himself
which ho will find more profitable to
food. This is a question that will pay
any dairyman to study, as the prices
vary so greatly that he can mjinetimci
feed one to advantage and sometimes
the other. While distillers' grain? con
sist mostly of corn, brewers' grain con
sists largely of barley. Although bar
ley is higher In protein than corn, yet
after the brewing has been done' tin
grain contains more carbohydrntr
that Is, fat-forming material, Than ti c
distillers' grains. For ordinary f0.l.
ing. therefore, brewers' grains are !..
valuable than distillers' grains, but the
prices of those two are generally far
apart. When dried brewers' grains
have boon selling at ?2, dried distil
lers' grains have been selling as hluh
as $28. Tho loss, therefore, Js on the
side of fooding distillers grains ,t
thoso prices. It Is evident, however
that thero should be some adiustaxn
of price In tho market.
What the Grange Has Accomplished.
The work of the grange Is of such a
nature that its greatest accomplish
ment3 can bo cited only in a general
way. We tuny state how many dollars
have been saved to the farmers of tho
country through co-operative trade ur
rangeniftits, and through mutual In
surant companies, both fire and life,
and something definite can bo stated
In regard to tho vast saving to tho
farmers nf tho country through wlso
legislation secured and unwise legis
lation defeated through the Intlucnco
of the grange; but when wo undcrtako
to make any estimate of tho moral,
social and mental development that
has been brought to the farmer and
his family through grange Infiuenco
and grange teaching, we are lost in
the magnificent results obtained. It
absolutely impossible to give any
Intelligent estimate of tho develop
ment of the noble principles of man
hood and womanhood in the mind and
heart of the million of people that
have been connected with this order,
and of the millions of other people
with whom they have been associated.
It Ik along this line that tho grandest
results have been achieved. Thou
sands of farm houses have boon made
happier and better nnd the members
of farmers' families have been reap
ing tho highest enjoyments of life
through tho quickened mental activi
ties by grange influence, while a
higher ideal in life has been reached
through tho development of tho heart
by true grange teaching. With these
general statements we leave tho niOKt
Important results during moro than
thirty years of grange work to the
Imagination of our readers. National
Cooking a Ham.
Lay tho ham in sufficient cold wator
to cover It well, for some hours; then
scrape and was-h it very carefully and
put It In fresh water to cover; lot It
remain all night. The following morn
ing put sufficient fresh water to boil In
a largo pot plenty to cover the ham
and when it is nearly boiling, gently
immerse tho ham, let it ome to the
boiling point and keep It simmering
for an hour. Then, if the ham is a
very salt one, chnngo the water, not
otherwise; add n bay leaf, two largo
onions or four small ones, the greons
from six stalks of celery or a table
.spoonful of celery seed, two carrots,
two blades of mace, four allspice arid
two cloves. Bo sure not to lot tho
water boll, or tho ham will bo made
tonab; It is absolutely necessary to
keep it at the simmering point. If you
wish your ham mellow and tender.
Skim when needful. It will take nbout
four hours to cook It. When done,
take thf n,t from tho fire; leavo the
hai in the water until It is lukewarm,
th' ii i. .. it out, skin it, stick it ovor
with (Ion. in any preferred design,
sp: inkle evenly with granulated sugar,
put in a pan and brown delicately in
a hot oven. Another way to brown the
ham is t cover It with flno broad
crumb-, ( iosely sifted, and brown It In
'he own or by holding over U n hot
shov -'.
Animal Husbandry In Ohio.
The Ohio Experiment Station has as-itUi-hed
a department of animal bus
Lutein, and placed It in chargo of
''rmtehutl, B. S., a graduate of
me ( pivirsiiy of Illinois. Mr. Car
mlf hur, Wiu continue tho oxperltnontH
n fee.iinu for beef and for milk whloh
nav i, (1 ln progress at the main sta
lion iu Uoosu'r for several years past
i1.?,';. fo,l;'ucf experiments in
n a"d,fihtfcdlnS'at ho tos .
;; n It is further pianued to carry
f( ? ii, wltb fanner who aro
of ,Tfeolveiy. a iamb foodlo
-t(of this chansotor is now

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