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The Tucumcari news. [volume] (Tucumcari, N.M.) 1905-1907, February 10, 1906, Image 15

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Fattening Fowls.
Herewith wo show the kind of crate
In use In the Ontario station for the
fattening of fowls. Tho crate Is easily
built and every fanner can construct
one or havo It constructed at slight
cost. If tho experiment stations find
It profitable to have such helps, sure
ly tho general farmer cannot afford not
to havo one. In such a crate his birds
can bo kept from moving around, and
that Is tho desirable thing to do when
fowls are being prepared for the mar
ket. Tho fatter tho fowl tho better
tho price that can be realized for It.
Fat costs the farmer less than lean
meat and the more of It he puts on
his fowls tho better. It Is not a de
ception of tho public, for the public
understands tho case and Is willing
to pay a fancy price for lean meat
that Is In connection with fat; for It
Is recognized that a lean bird Is a
tough bird, If at all mature, and that
a fat bird Is a tender bird. The pub
lic likes juicy, tender meat and is
willing to pay for fat to be thrown
away, If ir. that way the tender flesh
can be secired. The shorter tho time
of fattening tho tenderer is tho flesh
of tho bi.'t', according to a popular
belief. T.'e Idea may bo correct or
not, but ti c fact remains that the peo
ple want tiJ. birds, and that this is tho
only kind ff n bird that tho fanner
can sell with much profit to himself.
Between niw and the Now Year there
will be mi lions of chickens sold from
our farm tmd many of them will be
sold off in a half-fat condition. That
doesn't pay. Fatten the birds.
Washing Fowls.
Perhaps It Is not known
generally that before exhibi
tion fowls are thoroughly washed.
Onr exhibitor telfj the writer that ho
places his 1 ens In a tub of water and
rubs soap Into their feathers. Hi;
works this soan and water into tho
feathers until tUey are covered with
tho lather. This not only takes away
the dirt, but effectually destroys all
tho mites and ileo. Some of those
show men go u tho length of using
chamois sklna an tho birds. Every
scale on tho 1.j:s i3 examined, and if
found to havo dirt under them, the
soap suds is worked under the scales
and tho dirt vorked out by the use of
a small silver of. wood. Cleanliness
counts for a great deal in the show
Best GviAn for Show Birds.
We noticu Hint some writer advises
the feeding of wheat to birds In the
show vu3.11. He says that
wheat Is the ?yatn host adapt
ed to this purpose. Just why
ho chooses wheat vo do not under
stand. Vv'j believe ttat oats and corn
constitute a far better food under such
circumstances. Whoiever wo go into
show rooms wo not t ie that corn Is
very lu,y.ely used a-id not wheat.
Wheat to doubtless a very good food
for fowls; but wo sco no reason for
placing It first.
Scab on Apple Trees.
Applo seal) develops best In cool.
dark positions. 1 he disease
comes from a fingus, and
this fungus ennnot stnrd tho light of
tho sun. It will thcix'.'oro prove ad-
vantafious to thin the branches of
trees that are affected by the scab
Tho noro the sunlight gets in tho less
will na tho chances of the fungus to
The Reindeer no a Farm Animal.
In all the northern part of tnis con
tinent tho reindeer has become prac
tically tho only farm animal that can
bo successfully bred and used. Under
the auspices of the United States De
partment of Agriculture, they were
some yonrs ago Introduced into
Alaska, where they are now being
used both for food and for draft pur
poses. There Is Just as groat oppor
tunity for improving tho reindeer na
for Improving our other farm animals.
In the regions whore llfo la hard these
nnlmnln thrive, nnd fall I thrlvp In
regions whoro the ox and tho horse
are at their best. Tho zono of use
fulness of tho reindeer Is north of that
in which tho luxuriant ngrlculturo is
possible. Its food is the lichen and
herbage native to tho region where
the ground at some depth Is eternally
frozen. It Is fortunate, perhaps, that
tho reindeer cannot llvo upoa the
kind of forage wo feed to cattle and
horses. In the far north where the
moss grows rapidly In the summer
and whore it covers tho ledges oven
to a great depth, these animals find
their nntural pastures. It Is tho me
dium for transforming this vnst amount
of otherwise useless material Into pal
atable moat and rich milk. The in
dustry of developing the reindeer Is
In Its Infancy. Wo may bo certain
that this animal, adapted by thou
sands of generations of habit to the
cold north, will yet become a domes
tic animal of great importance.
Cattle In Cuba.
Tho number of cattle In Cuba Is
not great at this time, but is is cer
tain to becomo great. The problem of
how to escape Texas fever is being
dealt with both in tho island and on
the mainland. The Cubans are becom
ing quite largo beef eaters, and it
is necessary that they import special
beef breeds If they are not to Im
port tho finished product. There Is
a law In the islanr" at present pro
hibiting tho killing of dairy cows.
This is doc .3 to foster tho dairy inter
est, but at the same time it shuts off
one cheap supply of beef. The Cubans
at tho present time are eating seven
times as much heof as pork, and about
4,500 time? as much beef as mutton.
According to a recent report tho per
capita consumption of beef In Cuba
In 1902 was -to.07 pounds, of pork C.82
pounds, whilo tho consumption of mut
ton was only .9 pound per 100 Inhab
itants. This opens up a great possi
bility in tho sale of beef stock by
American growers.
Sugar as Feed.
In some parts of tho United States,
and especially in some of the islands
now belonging to tho United States,
some forms of sugar and molasses can
be purchased at a very low rate. It
therefore becomo3 desirable, If pos
sible, to use some of these as food for
farm animals. Even in the European
cities there are chsnp grades of sugar
and molasses that can bo advantage
ously fed. Some of tho Parisian cnb
companies havo been experimenting
with tho feeding of these foods aa to
tho time of digestion. When fed to
horses It was found that sugar was
digested hi from 27 to 28 hours, while
molnsses was digested in about 1C
hours. Tho molasses seemed to
hasten tho digestive processes. It has
also been fed to race horses, and some
dairy cows are now oelng tried. The
general concensus of opinion among
tho men that havo tried this feeding
Is that sugar and molasses aro botL
good elements of food.
Training His Memory.
When David Livingston, afterward
lamous as a missionary traveler, was
only islno years old he repeated tho
one hundred and nineteenth psalm on
two successive nights, and his mem
ory failed him only five times in tho
two rP'JJit.lons,
Clean Surroundings for Milk.
We used to havo a great deal of
troublo with tho quality of the buticr
made at our house, and sometimes the
milk Itself became sour early and at
other times had a peculiar tasto aftoi
It had stood for only eight or ten hours.
After visiting one of the great dairy
schools of tho country I became con
vinced that tho trouble with our but
ter and milk wns that things woro
not clenn enough where we kept our
milk. I went homo and examined iho
cellar. It was summer and all the
old vegetables had been taken out, but
decayed leaves and roots wero left
hero and there. I tried hard to find if
they were sending off bad flavors and
found that I could detect some smell
that was not desirable In butter. More
over I noticed that hero and there
files wero active and that they visited
tho milk and cream as well as tho de
cayed and half-dried roots and leaves.
I am now sure that tho Insects help
carry the germs of different kinds of
things to the milk and complete what
the bad air begins.
We had always kept the cellar win
dows closed In summertime to keep
tho cellar a.i cool as possible. We
used to think that It was useless to
havo a cellar and yet let it get up In
temperature. But in keeping tho wiu
dows closed we kept all the bad odors
in, to the detriment oi the milk and
cream consequently of the butter. I
determined to have a cleaning up and
I did.
For three days I kept out of tho
cellar all milk and cream. I had a
boy dig out all the remnants of pota
toes and other things that had de
cayed fir could decay. I had him even
take up some of tho boards that wero '
lying on the cellnr bottom and hold
ing moisture. The cellar was most
thoroughly cleaned from bottom to
top. Tho top was swept carefully but
energetically. The windows wore
opened and tho cellnr aired. I had
the windows hinged so they could be
oponnd with ease, and tnen had tbem
fixed so they could bo left open a ,
little way for ventilation If deslrad. ,
Lastly I had the cellar whitewashed,
both as to the woodwork and tho
brick. The bottom Is of earth. It
should be of cement. But wo have not
yet cct around to putting a comcnt
floor )r. the cellar. It costs money.
Tho whitewashing helps kill all
mouldn nud then helps us seo whether
the celJar ia getting dirty or not. j
When the milk and cream wero put
back the flics had all been killed off
and hanging shelves erected for tho
milk. After that time we had no trou
ble with the milk or butter. Tho win
dows have been frequently opened in
the evening and again shut after they
had been opened for an hcur or so.
Wo havo ticveens also to keep out tho j
flies. This cleaning up did not cost
much money, but it was worth a good
deal in tho Improved quality of tho
butter made. -James Addison, Bureau '
Co., 111., in Farmers' Review. !
Calcium and Magnesium.
Calcium and magnesium aro
l oth soli elements which enter
Into the composition of plants.
They are, however, so gener
ally distributed in tho soil that tney
aro little considered by the students
of plant nutrition. One Cerman ex
pressed a theory that there must be
a certain ratio maintained between
tho calcium and magnesium in tho
soil or plants would not grow. Sonic
(lorman scientists havo recently com
pleted some experiments to determine
tho truth of this expressed opinion,
muI It was found that there was no
needed relation between tho presence
nf calcium and magnesium. Henco
what Is Vnown as the "Loow hypothe
sis' is discredited.
Scotch Professor Has Much Fun With
Learned Brother.
One of the professors at a groat
university In Scotland recently wrote
to an eastern university to the follow
ing effect.
"Walking In the dusk through tho
grounds of tho university the other
evening, my attention was arrested
by a low murmuring sound near me,
which was neither a hiss nor a whiB
tie. On looking I saw a creature
lying on the ground, larger than a
cricket. Two antenna-like protuber
ances projected above the eyes. It
i had no wings; and the covering of
: its body wns variegated, though cer
tainly not like down.
"Mindful of the danger to myself,
I did not venture to turn it on its
bnck, so as to count the legs. On
tho ground lay a small quantity of
snow-white substance, which had evi
dently exuded from the body. Can
any of your professors identify tho
creature from this Imperfect descrip
tion?" The naturalist connected with tho
eastern university fell Into the trap
baited, probably, especially for him.
He wrote learnedly about various in
sects, nnd concluded that the one ob
served must be one of tho two whoso
long Latin names ho gave.
"The antenna-like protuberances
are used for burrowing in the
ground," he wrote, "and these insects
, secrete a fluid which they have the
power of ejecting to protect them
selves In case of attack."
Tho tutor wrote again to thank the
naturalist for his Information, and to
, say he need not trouble him further,
as he had fortunately observed the
creature again more closely under ex
actly similar circumstances, and was
able now to Identify It himself as thf
Vacca vulgaris, or common cow.
The Wav to Do It.
Exorcise thtec time a day;
Keed yourself on slmplo fare
Mostlv made of bran and hay;
Ili!Vi;l In the open air;
Never give way to your feats;
Sleep Just ilke a baby;
Then you'll live a hundred year.i
Wear no wraps about your throat;
13n not eat late lunches;
Do. oh! do not rock the boat;
Shy away from punches;
Do not drink too many beets;
Let not dt-bts distress;
Thf-n you'll live a hundred years,
More or loss.
Don't dispute with men who wear
Laior tlsts than you;
Do not give way to despair.
Though the rent Is duo;
Do not waste your strength In tears;
As for trouble, scout It;
Then you'll live a hundred voars,
Doubt It?
Do not umpire baseball games;
Don't for otllce run;
Do not call a fellow names
If he has a gun,
Unto wisdom lend your ears;
Shun tho festive schooner;
Then you'll live a hundred yeara
If you don't die sooner.
Plqua (Ohio) Call.
Threat of the Grave Digger.
In Castine, Maine, there used to llvo
a man named Ordway, who numbered
among various employments that of
grave digger in the village cemetery.
He was very loud spoken and wonder
fully profane.
On one occasion he finished the task
of burying a woman pauper, who had
been noted In life for her corpulence.
Mr. Sargent, chairman of the select
men, overlooked paying him, so Mr.
Ordway appeared at Mr. Sargent's
store a day or two afterward, and be
gan demanding his pay In no uncertnln
terms, to the amazement of the sum
mer visitors who filled tho store at
the time.
He ended his harrangue a? follows:
"Look a-hero, Sargent, if I don't get
my pay before to-morrow night, up she
Mixed Dates.
Four-year-old Sarah had two uncles
(living out of town) who were about
to bo mnrried.
"So you are going to your uncles'
weddings, dear? And where will tho7
bo married?" asked an Interested
friend of the family.
"One is going to bo married In
Washington." answered tho child, "and
the other in January." Lippincott's

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