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The Tucumcari news. [volume] (Tucumcari, N.M.) 1905-1907, February 10, 1906, Image 3

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HAWTHORN TREE THEIR MASCOT
Doctoring Trees With Chemicals.
Moro thnn a year ago wo culled at
teutlon to tho fact that a certain com
pany of men were selling to the farm
crs a process for doctoring 'reos with
a chemical compound, says tho Far
mors' Review. The plan was to hore
n hole in tno treo ana insert in it
sonic hind of a mysterious compound.
Generally tho loading agent of the
company went to tho orchard, horcd
tho hole in tho tree.) himself and in
serted the compound. Ho claimed that
this would protect tho trees from all
Kinds of blights and all kinds of in
sects. Ho charged for his work 50
cents per tree, but liberally allowed
the orchardist to pay half down and
tho rest some months later. Tho ab
surdity of tho thing should have pre
vented farmers from taking up with
tho scheme. Wo published a warning
at the time these men entered the
field.
Soon wo began to receive letters
from Michigan saying that the agents
were working there and that thou
sands of trees were being treated by
them, in a visit to southern Michi
gan tho editor of tho Farmer's Review
discussed the matter with many
orchardists and with the director of
tho substation at South Haven. Mr.
Farrand as well as other experienced
orchardists warned the fruit dealers to
beware of the fraud, but tho agent had
persuaded so many of them that many
hundreds of orchardists purchased
the treatment from the agent. In one
county alone 30,000 trees wero treated,
lnls represented $15,000, of which halt
was paid down, the agent thus receiv
ing $7,500.
Later a few trees were treated on
the experimental farm and tho com
pounds wero actually taken out and
analyzed by tho experiment station
men. The compound was found to con
sist of some very simple chemical, a
chemical which could in no way affect
the health of the tree. The thing was
a swindle pure and simple. It was re
ported that tho agent never returned
to collect tho other 50 per cent. It is
probable that he never will attempt
to collect it, and It is further probable
that he never Intended to collect It.
It proved a mistake, however, to
allow trees to bo treated on tho ex
perimental farm, as It gavo those
agents an opportunity to say when
they went to tho eastern states to be
gin their work that the process had
been tried and approved at the Mich
igan stntlon.
We hope that this lesson, though
costly to the fruit growers of souuiern
Michigan, will prove of some value to
other fruit growers that may have the
opportunity to wnste their money
upon tho same kind of treatment.
The idea is not a now one and has
been worked in various forms in dif
ferent parts of tho country for a great
many years. As it hus proved so ox
ceedlngly valuable to tho men who
claim to know the secret, it is certain
that they or others will continue to
work It from time to time in various
parts of the country.
Wounds on Fruit Trees.
An eastern fruit grower says;
Wounds of any considerable size
should be given a coating of paint or
some other durable substance, a suit
able dressing must possess two dis
tinct properties. It must check the
weathering of tho wound and prevent
the growtli of bacteria and fungi, and
It must bo of such a nature as not to
injure tho surrounding bark. Tho
dressing is of no value In tho healing
of tho wound, except as It prevents
decay. For general purposes, a white
lead paint is most sntisractory. it is
an antiseptic, and it adheres closely
to the wood. Wax, shellac, tallow, etc..
are lacking In both respects. Bor
deaux mixture would be an admirable
material for this purpose If It wore
more durable.
Creamery Milk Supply.
No creamery should bo established
whero the milk from 400 or 500 cows
cannot be obtained. Fifteen years ago
it ivas believed that a creamery could
be successfully run on the milk from
.100 to 350 cows. That may have been
so at that time, but at the present
time the expenses of running a cream
ery are very much greater than they
wero fifteen years ago. Tho wages of
men have advanced very much and
creamery supplies have In some cases
doubled in price. Tho commissions
for selling butter are larger than they
wore, because It costs more to run
tho establishments of the commission
men. It theroforo requires a larger
volumo of milk to produce the same
amount of revenue. Investigations In
the State of Iowa show that a large
number of creameries supplied by loss
thnn 500 cows hnvo been compelled to
suspend operations, duo to tho fact
that they could not secure enough mlik
to yield them a profit on their busi
ness. It is for tho advantage of the
farmer to hnvo his creamery supplied
by as many cows as possible, for the
reason that tho less the cost of mak
ing a pound 'of butter the greater will
bo tho price of milk received by the
farmer. Thus in tho largest factories
it costs only one cent per pound for
making butler. This Is equal to four
cents per cwt. of milk. In some of tho
smaller creameries It costs as much
as $.025 for making abound of butter.
Every farmer should encourage his
neighbors to keep moro cows if they
are supplying milk to the creamery.
In some cases farmers that are promi
nent in tho production of milk seem
to have a jealousy In relation to the
matter, thoy being prominent in that
line. Hut they should understand that
tho more cows kept the better it Is for
them. The other men arc not com
peting with them in tho production of
milk, but are co-operating with them;
what benefits one will benefit the
others. Large creameries seldom fall.
This is because thoy are able to sell
all their products to the greatest pos
sible advantage. They are able to dis
pose of their buttermilk at large prices
because they can send It In consider
able quantities to distant markets,
where they can securo permanent cus
tomers. The small creamery Is un
able to handle such a trade, and when
they try It they frequently lose it be
causo Micro comes n time when thoy
are unable to supply tho quantity de
manded. Tho very foundation of successful
creamery work is a large milk supply,
and every man interested in the
creamery, whether ho be the manager,
butter-irakcr or patron, should labor
for tho increase of the milk supply.
Tho limited milk supply is tho danger
point. It is at this point that the
creamery Is more likely to fail than at
any other, and If the amount of milk
bo too limited to yield a profit on the
returns, no kind of fine butter-making,
no amount of skill in selling, and no
measure of cleanliness about the fac
tory can prevent Its being a failure In
tho end.
Calves that are to be raised should
not bo loft with the cow more than
twenty-four hours after birth. Food
them for threo weeks with wnrm,
sweet milk just from tho cow, how
ever, then begin to drop off the new
milk and add gradually sweet
skimmed milk. At threo weeks of ago
the calf will take some bright hay. ,
Place it in a potato crate near enough
so that the calf can get nt It and yet
not bo apt to tip It over. It will pre
vent bowel troubles and make the calf
grow nicely.
Scientific dairying requires a close
study of the feeds of dairy cows.
Moldy hay
dnlry cows,
"hould not be fed to
The Deadly Chicken Mite.
Herewith wo illustrate the deadly
chicken mite (mngnlflcd 25 diame
ters). The mite at its natural size
can bo readily known nnd recognized
by means of the naked eye, but a
magnifying glass will make him still
moro npparont. These mites are very
destructive to poultry and kill moro
young chicks than nny other pest.
Their smnllness makes them hard to
light. They multiply with great ra
pidity, and it is not unusual to find
nil tho crevices in a poultry house
harboring these mites. Sometimes a
single crevice will hold ton thousand
mites. They swarm on fowls when
they aro nt rest, and more than one
sitting hen ha& had her life blood
sucked out to such an extent that she
hns died hovering her eggs. To fight
those minute creatures It is neces
sary to havo all parts of tho poultry
houso constructed of matched lumber
and tho cracks filled up with some ad
hesive liquid such as whitewash. The
roosts and all nests should be mova
ble. Nest material must be frequent
ly changed if the mites arc about.
The roosts can bo washed with kero
sene or sprnyed with kerosene emul
sion. Confined Birds.
I have seen a great deal In the pa
pers about the supo-lor laying that
can be done by birds that havo tho
run of tho farm. Now, I do not believe
that. I think It is better for tho fowls
to hao tho run or tho farm, as they
are healthier that way and also hunt
their own living, eating up tho bugs
that would otherwise injure tho crops
of the fanner. Hut for the mere lay
ing of eggs I think hens In confine
ment are as good as any. 1 find that,
so far as the eggs aro concerned, I
get the best results .in tho latter part
of the winter when tho ground is cov
ered with snow and when the hens
would not run If they could. Febru
ary and Mnrch aro tho best egg
months with me. with April a good
third, but the record in April is not
duo to the fact that the fowls have
the run of tho farm. I am willing to
admit, however, that as hens aro
kept on some farms they will not do as
well shut up as running, for tho rea
son that, they aro stuffed all winter
with an unnatural combination of
foods.
I do not feed my hens in that way.
but sco that all through tho winter
they havo as good, feed as thoy would
get In tho summer time. They have
gr'-en stuff nnd all tho lime, meat, grit
and the like, they will eat. I try to
give them a bulky food. If thoy have
that kind of a food it takes them
longer to do tho work of digestion, but
the work is not so hard on tho diges
tive organs. I am not much in favor
of feeding tho fowls only threo times
or twice a day. I think if they havo a
bulky food they can eat about when
(hoy want to and It will do no harm.
-Phoebe Caldwell, nutler Co., Ohio
Fall pigs are very unpopular with
tho farmers. This Is because thoy scl
dom ninko money out of the fall lit
ters. Tho causo of this failure Is the
lack of facilities for taking care of
young pigs in cold weather.
The fall is a good time to construct
poultry houses.
Scottish Family Foars Disaster With
Decline of Relic.
In two notable cases in Britain tho
family mascot Is a treo. Tho founda
tion of Cawdor castlo, near Nairn,
aro built round a hawthorn treo, and
there Is an ancient tradition to the
effect that tho disappearance of this
t'-eo will bo a slgft that dire misfor
tunes will shortly overwhelm tho fam
ily. "Freshness to the hawthorn treo
of Cawdor" Is consequently tho hap-
Hawthorn tree In Cawdor castle,
picst form of felicitation to tho Camp
bells of Cawdor. The tree must be
about live hundred years old, accord
to the most moderate computation, so
that there cannot be very much
"freshness" about it at the present
day; but it still has its roots in the
soil and its stem rises through tho
floor of one of the dungeons, where It
may still be seen keeping tho ancient
legend In countenance.
DOG'S NAME IS IN DIRECTORY
Fyt
Down on the List as "Robert
! Badgero, Watchman."
) "Robert Badgero, watchman, 39
' West street," Is the way It read In
tho Utlca city directory, and the wom
an who responded to the bell call told
i tho man at tho door that "Bob" was
1 in.
"I'd like to see him," remarked tho
caller, for he was In search of a
watchman for his establishment.
l "Here Bob! here Bob!" called the
woman, and a lively bull terrier rushed
into the hall.
I And then the woman laughed, for
, tho Robert Badgero In the directory
1 was none other than "Bob," the mas
cot of the Uiica Sz Mohawk Valley
Hallway company, who had been llst-
; cd In .ho directory as a "watchman"
because that's just what ho was.
Bob Is probably the only dog on rec
ord who has his name in a city direc
tory. Ho is the property of Mllford
Badgero, private secretary of General
I Manager Allen of the street railway.
Bub Is known by all employes of tho
i line, and is always a welcome passen
ger, who need pay no fare.
A short time ago Bob went to Romo
with tho company's claim agent, and
became strayed there. When the claim
agent reached home i'n)b was there.
Ho had taken an earlier trolley. Phil
dolphin Public Ledger.
Girl Is Hunting a Bachelor.
Miss Anita Westton, West Somer
I1I Mass.. has written to tho South
I.akota census department asking to
lie put in communication with some
iflchel'jr. She calls attention to a
'Unplug showing tho preponderance
V men over women in South Dakota,
.nl says:
"It almost, tnkes my breath away to
think of nil those bachelors out there.
I'kio, it is just the opposite. Now, if
tri- bachelors are really so plentiful,
df put mo in communication with
tOir of them right away.
' Consider It your duty as a Chris
tic -i. only pleaue don't Infer from thlo
tl lit any man will do."
Census Comn lssloner Robinson
J.olng his best.
3

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