Newspaper Page Text
She ffueumeari fNews
And Tucumcari Times. Volume 4, No. 30 PROF. J. D. TINSLEY TALK TO QUAY COUNTY FARMERS Meeting at Court House Thursday Night Well Attended. Valuable Infornrntton Contained in the Discourse Prof. J. D. Tinsley soil physi cist of the agricultural college in Mesilla, spoke to the farmers of Quay county at the court house Thursday night and certainly gave them much valuable information. His subject was, "How to Farm, What to Raise and What to Do With the Crops." The meeting was under the aus pices of the Commercial club and was presided . .over bv Col; T. W. Human. Among the many impor- tont things discussed the Professor urged that deep plowing before seeding and deep seeding is an absolute necessity, and that slml low cultivation should follow. His speech was in part as follows: nThe government records do not indicate that there is or has been any marked change in climate through the semi-arid region. They do indicate that there are alternat ing wet and dry periods and that in the past there have been other periods about as wet as this through which wo are now passing. It is not probable that theSalton Sea has exercised any influence on our rainfall. The tiverage rainfall in this vicinity for a long period of years is probably about 16 to 18 inches and for the last few years it has been considerably above this. Fifteen inches should pro duce good crops if the soil is properly prepared. The sandy land will probably not have to be plowed as deeply as the heavier land, as it is nat urally in a loose condition. The heavy land should be plowed deep and then thoroughly pulverized. The disc harrow is the best tool for pulverizing. The land should not be left turned up rough as it is left by the breaking plow, but should be pulverized as soon as possible. The harrow should fol low not more than a day behind the plow, and the best plan is to harrow down before noon what was TUCUHCARI, NEW MEXICO, plowed in the morning and in the evening what was plowed after dinner. Rough land dries out rapidly while the pulverized sur face holds the moisture. The surface should be kept fine and loose, forming a mulch. Planting should be rather deep so as to get the seed down in the moisture be low the mulch. Turkish Red is the best winter wheat and should be planted early Wash Room, Wool in the fall, probably September 1st to 15th. Durum or Maccaroni wheat is best for a spring wheat and should be planted in March or early in April. Winter and spring wheat is an important crop for this locality. Kherson and Texas Red rust proof oats are good varieties. Other good grains are 60-day barley and rye. Russian and Ger man millets are good. The best variety of Indian corn will have to be found by experiment, but Kan sas yellow dent is a promising variety. Sorghum, Kaffir corn and milo maize will be very important. Mexican beans are a valuable and important crop. The Canadian field pea is worth a thorough trial, for if it does well it will be a val uable seed, especially for fattening cattle, sheep and hogs. The Whippoorwill pea would also be very valuable as a feed. The disposal of the crops is as important as growing them. Wheat and oats should make good money crops. The ideal con dition is to remove as little plant SATURDAY. MAY 4, 1907. food from the farm as possible, and this can be attained by feeding as much of the crops to stock as possible. There arc great possi bilites in fattening range cattle and lambs here, and of hog raising. Dairying should receive careful attention, (or this district could produce a large proportion of the butter used in New Mexico. The territory can never become wealthy so long as its agricultural possibilities are poorly developed, and such large amounts of money have to be sent out of the territory to purchase agricultural products that should be raised at home." Prof. Tinsley made a trip into the country Thursday, examing the Scouring Plant. soil and photographing it in differ ent conditions. We did not have an opportunity to talk to him con cerning his trip, but D. J. Aber, who accompanied him, was seen and spoke of the trip as follows: "it was Prof. Tinsley 's pleasure to go into the country for the pur pose of meeting with the farmers and observing the methods of farming as practiced by them. "The day was a pleasant one of sunshine and warm breezes. "He selected me as an old-timer to pilot him around obstacles and across bogs and to show him the way back. Being out for business as well as pleasure, we dug dirt, kicked up the soil and took a few snap shots of the best and the worst that came under our ob servation. "The old-timer was supposed to know all the people and introduce the Professor. The only insignia of his professorship displayed was the gold-rimmed spectacles which were very becoming to him. His genialty always won, and his logic and lore were reserved for the Subscription $1.00 a year. classic audience that was to greet him in in the evening at the court house. ' "The old timer was not aware of the fact that he was being pumped, so adroitly was the handle worked, as they jollied along discussing the nature of the soil on this side and on that side, and the manner in which it was being tilled, and the method best suited to its cultiva tion, nnd the best kind of crop to plant, and the labor it will require, and the harvest it will produce. However, the information may have been obtained is nothing here nor there. The address at the court house in the evening extend ed to every aspect of farming pro moted enthusiasm in the minds of all present, and was a loss to all who were absent. "A committee consisting of J. E. Wright, D. J. Aber, Fred Walther, W. F. Kelsay, M. Stradley and Deyampart, was ap pointed to organize a Farmers' Institute in Quay cour;ty. "We all feel that Prof. Tins ley's trip to Quay county will He of great and lasting benefit t everybody, and our people should certainly heed his sayings and profit by the information he has given in the production of this year's crops." Albert Wilborn, agent and one of the incorporators of the Salano Townsite company, came in from that city yesterday and reports that homeseekers are coming in rapidly and that the new town is building very rapidly. Twenty five people went up Thursday, most of them going to improve homes which they located in that vicinity some time ago. Dr. Perry W. Cate and his family, including several sons and daughters, went through today from Charleston, Tenn. He was among the first to locate in the new town. The ladies of the Methodist Church will give a social tea at the residence of Mrs. L. Sherwood, Thursday, May Oth, from ( to 7 p. m and from 9 to II p. m. Everybody is invited. Refresh ments 10c. It Mrs. Bina Forestor and two sons are horo from Dawson visit ing Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Alvoy. Mrs. Forostor and Mrs. Alvoy arc sisters. Hon. E. E. Studley, a member of the thirty-seventh House of the Assembly, and one of the famous "seventeen," was here yesterday on legal business.