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9he 9ueumeari Views
Don't Horde, But Save Your v Nickels, Dimes and Quarters Bvy W. S. S. and Thrift "Svups to Help Win tho War Every American Can Afford to Buy Thrift Stamps. Your Government Needs the Money Wilt You Do Your "Bit?" AND TUCUMCARI TIMES VOL. XVI. TUCUMCAHI, QUAY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, IU1B no. no - v WRITE TO PARENTS ABOUT EXPERIENCES The following three letters ore from James I'utmun to his futher ntul moth er and were till received on the mime mail Sunday: Somewhere in France. August 8, 11)18. My Dearest Mother und Father: I low are you getting along? I am well, feeling line. I have had a line trip, only one thing, and that was the ocean. Oh lordy, I didn't get as sick as some of the hoys though. I thought I was going to feed the II sh several times, hut I didn't. The people over here are so queer, after we got off the hoat about four hundred kids followed us to the camp, pretty near every step one would say American give me a cent. Our money is worth much more than their money. I sure have had lots of trouble with money. I can't count it. First En glish money. 1 couldn't learn to count it, when I did, linally learned it, we changed to I rench money, I guess, 1 will have to start again. I went to the canteen the other day and bought some stuff. I ask him how much it was, he said something, and I just luyed the whole hand full of French money und told him to pick out what he wanted. Who said the French girls were not pretty? They sure are. I went to town last night and sure hud a good time. We can get pusses only for about four hours at u time. Some of the cities are walled In. I believe the scenery in Englund was prettier than in France, but this is pretty enough. I would like it line here if 1 could talk French, but the states for me. I would have written sooner but we have been moving around so much thut I haven't found time. August 11,1918. This is Sunday, and it sure is u pret ty day, and no place to go, only to Church nnd I am going there. Another fellow und I went out and picked black berries yesterday and they sure were good too. I think I will go again this evening and get some more. We have the funniest dreams over here. I dreamed night before last, that the war was over, and we were loading on the boat getting ready to go buck. I wasn't the only one that dreamed the same thing about six or seven did. We were ut one camp where we could hear the roar of the cannon on the fronts for two or three nights. Well I must close as it is pretty near church time. August 20, 1018. How ure you getting ulong.? I om fine. It isn't nearly as bad over here as I thought it would be. We drill most all day but that isn't so bad. We have plenty of good eats. We go out and pick black berries and the cook mukes us a pie und believe me we eat all we want. I sent you a paper yesterday. I suppose you huvc gotten it by now. It is a pretty good paper called "The Stars and Stripes. I huven't heard from you yet. 1 suppo.se I will get a letter in a few days. Be sure und write often be cause we sure are crazy after the mail. The news is old by the time it gets here but we are sure glud to get it. I went to town night before last. I saw lots of nice souvenirs down there, and am going to send you some if they will let me. I don't know whether the censor will let them go by or not. We went out the other evening and watched the officers shoot the trench mortars and I don't blame the Ger mans for running. I suw at least ten projectiles in the air at once anil when Jfcoy hit they tear u hole big enough to put a house in. We are having some mighty nice weather. It is about like it was in Crockett. Well I must close as It is getting dark. . Lots of love and kisses, JIM PUTMAN, Battery I). 3rd Tr. Mtr. Buttry. A. K. F. F. The following letter Is from Chester Montgomery, who resided with his pa ,rents in Tucumcuri some time, but ,went to California where he enlisted. He has been in France for more thun a year: Lyon, France, Aug. 18, 1918 Mrs. J. F. Montgomery, My Deur Mother: I urrived here Friday evening ut six o'clock. This is a very pretty place and some very interesting things to see. Saw some yesterday and when I return to Camp, will send you some nost curd views, this Is toe second city in size in France now, Purls being first. I had u day and night in Puris and saw muny of tho interesting things there, where the big German gun hud been hlttingjund where the ueropluues hud dropped bombs, Elfllel Tower, Napoleon's Tomb, Avenue tie Prest dent Wilson, which was named thut on the 4th of July, the lurge and small Palaces of Justice, the Trocudero, the Seine Hiver, the palace where 'the kings lived, and went over on tho grand (ferris) wheel which Is more thun 300 yards high, rode In the Paris jitneys (two lungs In the engine) trol leys, omonbus (very large motor bus) and subwuys. The subways are very nice und fast and a good way to travel. The majority of the French automo biles arc two lungers (2 cylinders. I can stay seven days here, but think I cun see the more interesting places in five and it costs pretty high to live here, there being many Paris people here. In fact I was told yesterday that the population hud more than doubled since the war. I had some very good peaches yesterday (this Is a fruit und grape country) but they were high, four for one and half franc. Will send you a Lyon franc note. They have silver, bronze, alumnlum and gold money also. The money Is as easily counted as ours, 100 centimes being u franc, 5 centimes Is 1 sou, equal to our penny and the smallest value coin they use. They also have 25 centime and JiO centime notes. The 1 fr 50 and 25 cme. notes are Issued by the local banks the same ns the script money issued by the bunks there during the panic of 1007. And Is only good in that locality, but the other money is put out by the liovernment and good anywhere. Our barracks at camp are made of stone, have a good mattress, and I think we have as good a bunch of cooks as could be gotten together in the urmy. The village is of about 1000 populution and not very far from Bordeaux. Well this letter may be censored und cut pretty badly but I hope not. With very best wishes to nil. j Cllr.al r.K. The following letter is from Law rence Walker, who lived here u few years ago with his mother, Mrs. Kllle Walker. He hud been working in the oil fields of Oklahoma where he joined the army. I lis brother, L. It. Walker, is a resident of this city. The letter is as follows: Somewhere In France. July 22, '18. Dear Mother: We are now at or at least near our destination. I will try und give you u very brief account of, our journey which sturted on the 22nd of June from Camp Dix, N. J., U. S. A., und ended on the of July in France. It was on a dark foggy morning when we left the harbor and the air was very chilly but In spite of the fuct every body was more than glad to be on our way to WHERE?. We were all put on detail (thut is our company) which helped to break the monotnny, nnd we who were waiting on the tables had all we cared to eat of potutocs, sausage, weiners, cuke, rice, tapioeu pudding, light bread, beans and corned lieef. The coffee and tea wero excel lent. I was given u bed or ruther hammock on the upper deck and so gut ull of the fresh nir I needed wh'le those who were down in the hold near ly smothered us there is no circulation of air below deck. About the second day out all of us were sick. Owing to the fact that the wuther was nice most of the trip very few of us were seasick. As for myself I never felt better in my life. we never hud a fourth of July cele bration us there might be an enemy submarine nenr, so we hod u nice chicken dinner and called it off. After I had finished my work (which came two hours nt meultimy und we only hud two meals a day) I would go up to my bed and lay and watch the por poise leap off of the water, and tw're I saw shares and another time n whnla spouted a uusher of water up in the uir. Mother I thoroughly enjoyed the trip on the water .or, u-s 1 said before, the water was culm mi l the waves and rolls of tin water is more beautiful than 1 can begin to describe. Of course we hud boat drills and wore our t. preservers with us at ull times so i hut if our ship was tor pedoed wo would all le picked up 1 some of th icslroyeri thut were with us. I cannot tell you all I wish to about our trip because I urn not allowed to, but wait until I come home I will tell you things that you will be very much surprised to know. We have not been payed for June or July yet nnd I have been broke the whole trip und ever since I left Camp Dix. Ioday was the first time I had a chance to bathe since I left the U. S. A., and believe me ull of us were more than dirty. You should sec all. of us boys washing clothes toduy. Water is plentiful where we are ut present, but I do not know whether we will stuy here or not. I was crazy enough to try and take a buth in the salt wntcr on board and as the soup will not foam in suit water I only suc ceeded in getting my hide sticky und felt like I hud fullen in u moluses bar rel. France is certainly a beautiful country and crops ure good such as they ure. All of the houses ure built of stone und ut one pluce I suw u fort thut wus built before tho 13th century. We ure near the trenches und sec the smoke from the anti-aircraft guns and hear the report of the big guns on three sides of us, Only toduy I suw an FURNISHING BOOKS TO SOLDIERS vsrmnr.jM'JHmm Tho American Library Association nnd the Army Y. M. C. A- co-opcrato In their plan to encourage good reading among soldiers. This Is a corner of a Y. M. C. A. building In the Southern Department utilized us n library for the soldiers. "Foxy Grandpa" behind the counter Is popular with the men, und each of the live hundred books In the little library are passed out on an uverugo of twice each month. "Foxy Grandpa" lias anoihei responsibility. Ho presents a new khnkl-covcrcd new Testament to every soldier who asks for It, und n surprisingly large number of the men request the Httlo book. In fuct, most of the soldiers have made It a part of their equipment. Thoy nro furnished free by the Army Y. M.C.A. 2800 AMERICAN TROOPS ON BOARD TORPEDOED PERSIC Washington, Sept. 11 News of the torpedoing of the British liner Persic, with 2800 American troops on board, in the war zone, Sept. (i, was given to the American people today, first through the British admiralty und then later through the navy depart ment. All the soldiers were rescued by accompanying destroyers, the steam er itself was beached and the enemy submarine is believed to have been accounted for. ODlciuls here viewed the result as un allied success more than a disaster. The fact that the steamer was torpe doed when endeavoring to overtake the conveyed fleet of transports after overcoming engine trouble indicated that submarine commanders still are fearful of attacking troop ships in con voy. And the immediate and com pletely successful assistance rendered by the destroyers was taken as addi tional evidence that the convoying sys tem is practically perfect. First word of the attack on the Per sic, it was learned, officially reached the navy department on the night of September (i in u brief dispatch from Vice Admiral Sims. Registration Day passed off quietly und everybody seemed to know it was his duty to stand by the government in the present crisis. allied plane chasing a German plane and the aircraft gun booming contin ually. We wear our gas mask on our shoulder all of the time for safety- first. I suppose you will laugh when I tell you thut we are living in barns and glad to do even that. The city where we are quartered is half in ruins from the heavy bombardment some time ago. Iwould like very much to send you a picture of the ruins but censorship will not permit it. I doubt very much if all of what I have written will ever reach you away over there several thousand miles away. Have you received your allotment for June und July? I would like to know all about everybody and every thing for I have not heard from anyone since the 15th of June and when you write please use a pen and ink for in the shipping and handling the writing will become obliterated and I will be tempt ed to swear, ha, ha. I think of you often and long for the time when I will be sailing back again, but not until the damned Germuns ure put under controll of the decent people of the world. Of course I could not come now if I wished, hut I do nut wisii yet. I will write once u week und you will probably get my letters only once a month and after they have been written u month, und I want you to do the same. I do not intend to write to anybody Kut you und you can let the rest of the folks read them if you wish that includes Mrs. Gordon and the rest of my friends. In addressing my letters please address them In this wuy: Privute Lawrence E. Wulker, 20th Engineers, Co. D., A. E. F. Via. New York, und also put your return uddress on the buck if so addressed I will gel them and if not I will probably never see them. I must close for this time und tell you more next week. Wo huvo no use for stumps here so I will not have to spend any money In thut wuy. With love, Your son, LAWRENCE. FIRST U. S. TROOPS REACH ARCHANGEL, RUSSIA Washington, Sept. 11. American troops have lauded at Archangel to assist the other allied forces there in their campaign to the re-establishment of order in northern Russia. This an nouncement was authorized tonight by General March, chief of staff. For military reasons the number of soldiers lauding was not revealed, nor was it made clear from whence they had embarked. It was assumed, how ever, that the soldiers had been sent from English camps, where Americans ate training. S.MILEAGE BOOKS, TO SOLDIERS Several weeks ago T. A. Muirliead, assisted by several young ladies, put on a Smileage Tag Day which netted a neat sum of $105 clear of ull ex penses. Mr. Muirliead reported to headquarters at Washington and has received requests for smileage books to the full amount of money derived during Tag Day. Some time previous all boys from Quay county were supplied with books, so requests form Camp Travis, Camp Grunt and Camp Green totaling 102 have been sent out. In a letter from P. II. Murray, asso ciate director, to Mr. Muirliead, the following appreciative paragraph is copied: "Your prompt attention und pat riotic response to requests for smile age Books from the boys in service have been tremendously gratifying to the Military Entertainment Council und we assure you that you ure setting an admirable precedent for chairmen throughout the country. Efforts will be renewed soon to raise more money with which to buy Smile age Books for the soldier boys. The books cost but $1.00 and are good any where there is a Smileage Theatre. A CALL TO THE CROSS No student of current events cun fail to be imploded with the need of the pure religion of Jesus Christ in the world today. A league of nations based upon representation by populu tion would give heathen China four times the votes we Americans could muster, based upon autocracy would suit Germany but a world is fighting to prev'iit that based upon a supreme military strength would cause every nation to surrender her absolute sov ereignty. There is but one basis und Christianity supplies that. It is the law of love. It is impossible to exem plify this law by indifference. It can lie done only by self-surrender und self-sacrifice. We are to begin an evangelistic campaign at the Christian church in the near future. No "Big Jim" comes to do our work for us. The responsibility is squurely up to us. If we are fit to live in a free world, fit to call ourselves true Amer icans, fit to wear the name of the Christ, we dure not ignore the cull of the cross the call of humanity the cnll of Christ. The law of love Is the the law of service. Its highest man ifestation is in winning recruits who shull in turn exemplify the love of Christ und win others. No true lover is a slacker; no slacker is a true lover. Our captain is Christ. He never lost a battle. We are comrades In arms. Christian, will you give this campaign absolutely first place in your life far Christ and the church? Norris J. Rensoncr, Minister. The people like to read the letters Ifrom the boys who ure over there fight lug. The News has three this week. PEOPLE STARVE IN RUSSIA WITH BIG GRAIN CROP Stockholm, Saturduy, Sept. 7. (by the Associated Press.) The Ameri can refuges from Moscow reached Stockholm today twelve days ufter their departure from the Bolshevik capital. In Finland the Americans were impressed by the orderly con ditions. When the Americuns left Russia, they say, flour sold ut $1.25 u pound und was seldom obtainable at uny price. Sugur also was scarce und sold at $3 a pound. The refugees say that the starvation had become so prevalent in Moscow thut lnte in August the food commis sion was forced to remove all regula tions on citizens und permitted them to enter the city with sixty pounds of food euch. This step, it was assert ed, was an admission of the absolute failure of the food commission which hud no bread and was forced through the pressure of the rebelling citizens to let the people take the food sup ply into their own hands. Wheat and other grains were not nvuiluble us the peusants i:i the grain sections still under soviet control re fused to feed the cities Potatoes and other vegetables were selling ut 25 cents a pound. They ure the chief food supply of Moscow und Petro grud. The workmen of Moscow and Petru- grad factories cun not obtain food from the commission which hus ad vised them to shoulder rifles and take the grain uwuy from the peasants. This advice has seldom been headed, as a mujorlty of the workmen re gard the peusants us brothers. wholesale charges by the Bolshe vik newspapers thut the Bourgeoise ure wholly responsible for the food hhortuge no longer quiet the hungry laborers, whose faith in the Bolshe vik is waning appreciably. The promises of Leon Trotzky, the Bolshevik foreign minister to quell the Czccho-SIovak rising and tap the supply of wheat no longer ure gener ally credited. Russia, the refugees say, has a bumper wheat and rye crop in virtual ly all the grain sections. Much of the grain has already been hnrvested, iut the Bolshevik huve neither the or ganization nor the transportation fa cilities to obtain bread for the starv ing cities, which scarcely cun be ex pected to drag through u breudless winter without turning nguinst a gov ernment whose policy has lost the wheat districts. BERNALILLO CO. DEMOCRATS The Democrats of Bernalillo county held their convention Monday for the election of delegates to the State con vention at Santa Fo. It was decided to send -18 delegates with one-half vote each and was voted to send the dele gation entirely uninstructed us to any candidate. Col. D. K. B. Sellers wus honored by receiving the largest voto cast for any one delegute. C. E. HUNTER WILL LAUNCH LIBERTY LOAN DRIVE EARLY . At u meeting called by C. E. Hunter the new county organizer, held in the Chamber of Commerce rooms Tuesday morning, Mr. Hunter announced his several committees und instructed the chairmen to get busy to udd more names and put everybody to work. A .letter is being sent out to the county committee which reads as follows: Tucumcuri, N. M., Sept. 7, 1018. Dear Sir: The campaign for the Fourth Lib-1 erty Loan begins September 28 und closes October 10, 1918. I huve select ed you us one of the Sub-Chairmen und Advisory-Committeemen, to meet me in Tucumcuri, on the 14th day of September, 1918, at 2 p. m., at the Court House, that we may thoroughly organize to carry out this work. This is not my work neither is it your work it is our work, and we have a Supreme incentive to put forth the greatest effort, in order that we may accomplish the most good in the Greatest Cause for which it has ever been our privilege to work. The news from the battlefield is un inspiration to every American who wishes to see uutocrucy overthrown, and freedom reign supreme over the entire world. I have selected you be cause I am sure that your heart is filled with patriotism that knows no end, until every duty has been per formed und every requirement, thut is imposed on us by our Government. The news is wufted back to us from our dear boys who have gone to the trenches "over there" the danger zone. Thut they are doing their part, with a spirit of bravery, thut is second to none ever known on any buttle field. If we ure to be worthy of tho results that their work will ultimate ly bring us und our loved ones, who enjoy the great privilege of staying ut home while they light our buttle, that peace und prosperity may be per petuutcd in this great lund of ours, we must go down in the "danger zone," here financially speaking, and stay until the victory is won. In sup porting the army we ure supporting ourselves. I hope you realize the imperative ness of this work, and I feel that you do. I wish to upoligize for anything that I have said in this letter that might seemingly be presuming on your (Continued on Pugo Eight) ALLIES ARE WINNING RUSSIA BACK FROM Stockholm, (Tuesday), Sept. 10. July und August were months of hor ror which never will be forgotten by persons who watched Russia's two big cities Pctrograd und Moscow puss through the mud attempt of the Bol shevik! to shoot or imprison all per sons who disregard with their will to control crumbling European Russia. September probably will be worse for they are gaining strength through n desperation. The lives of the non-Bolsheviki are unsufe and everywhere 1n Russia self defense is forcing unwilling beligcr ents to take up arms against the ruth less persecution of the so-called com missions for the suppression of u coun ter revolution which shoot down tho Bourgeoisie by the hundreds. Leon Trotzky, the Bolshevik min ister of wur, evidently is determined that his dictatorship of the proletariat will not repeat the history of the for mer provisional government und full through being too merciful. Ex-Premier Kerensky refused to im pose the deuth pcnulty und his gov ernment fell almost without the loss of u life, but observers of the Rusciun political situution say that no such bloodless end can come to the Soviet republc. It hus given no quarter und it will receive none. Premier Lenine, War Minister Trot zky, Svcrdloff, president of the cen tral executive committee, und other Bolshevik leaders, doubtless will fight as long us u single soldier remains loyal to them. Trotzky has said in his speeches that Moscow will be reduced to ashes be fore it will surrender. Yaroslav, u town of the Volga, 100 miles northeast of Moscow, was burned for resisting Bolshevik domination, and Vologda, 110 miles north of l aroslav is reported to have suffered the same fate. Night has been hideous in Moscow for months because of the volleys from execution squads in the military en closures where prisoners arc kept. All foreigners und Russians alike were searched witliout warrant and the Red Guards marched crowds of "men and women through the streets with such regularity that pedestrians hardly no ticed them. YOUTHFUL FLYER TAKEN PRISONER Paris, Sept. 8. Lieutenant Thomas Hitchcock, Jr., of Westbury, N. Y., a youthful member of the Lafayette fly ing corps who was captured -by the Germans but escaped to Switzerland today described his experiences while a captive and his flight. Hitchcock wus forced to walk more thun a hundred miles. This he did in eight consecutive nights. Hitchcock wus captured March 0, when he was forced to land after an aerial combat with three German ma chines, lie was wounded in the thigh. "After landing inside the German lines," said Hitchcock, "I fainted twice. In the hospital I received fair treatment only. There was one doc tor for the 150 patients, and the food was not very goo d. "I escaped while being transported with two other Americans from Luch- feld to Rr.stndt. There was one Ger man guard for the three of us. "While the train stopped ut a sta tion near Ulm, the guard fell into a doze. I snatched the railway map which wus near him, and also my money. "The guard awoke und missed tho map nnd money. Picking up my package of food which had been saved from my rations, but leaving the map behind, I rushed out of the door opposite, nnd ran down the track. The guard yelled after me, but I knew he couldn't follow be cause of the two other prisoners ho hud. "I then slowed down nnd began to walk toward the frontier. During the day I always hid in the woods, and ut night I evaded towns and villages walking around them, 1 was always on a close watch for the Germans, for I was in the uniform of a French avia tor. Most of the territory I traversed was farming land, with the people working during the day. When they left the fields in the evenings I would begin my tramp. "Arriving nt what I thought was the Swiss frontier 1 watched for traps such us electrically charged wires und automatic signals. Appar ently I evaded all such things. "One morning I felt suro that I was in Switzerland, but before inquiring I added u few extra miles to my tramp and found myself In u little village. Thero 1 asked n girl, who spoke French, where I was. She said I was in Switzerland, and then I knew I was snfe." Hitchcock will leave for the United States in nbout two weeks. He In tends to transfer from the French to the American flying corps.