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TUCUMCAKI, QUAY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO, THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1019
NO. 25 VOL. XVII. ANTI-AMERICAN PROP- IS Vladivostok, Monday, March 17 Never since the landing here of troops in August has there been .such wide spread of the United States. The newspapers are full of tirades and In genious distortions of facts calculated to sow discord amniii; Americans, Rus sians and America's allies. Somo newspapers of Siberia, it appears, have been subsidized and nrc distinct ly hostile to die United States. Beginning with the disappointment over the passiveness of America's In tervention, the sentiment developed mistrust, and an outspoken hostility, in many quarters, to the I'rinces Is lands proposal for a conference of all Russian factions with the allies, justly or otherwise credited to President Wilson. Americans were instantly dubbed friends of the Uolsheviki und the idea was quickly utilized by nn unfriendly press and accepted in the political circles of the Russians gen erally. Reassurance by Mnjor General William S. (J raves the military com mander here, regarding America's non-partisanship, were offset in the Russian mind, by definite charges of pro-Bolshevism here and abroad, aris ing from the refusal of the Americuns to co-operate with the military against the alleged Bolshevik! in the Amur district. The giving of asylum to the Cossacks in revolt recently was construed in a similar way. This in cident, however, was the only one of a maligning character to draw lire. Colonel Henry D. Stycr, who has been active for the Americans in the Cos sack controversy, wrote to the news papers an explanation of the affair in which he fully outlined the stand tak en by (icnernl Grave's. Other diatribes have been received in silence and as a consequence the loyal friends of the United States nmong the Russians are wavering. The silence and do-nothing policy of the Americans is plulnly getting on the nerves of the Russians. Franco and England have few troops here and these are not actively engaged But. their commissioners arc visiting and counselling the Omsk government with the result that they are being credited with being the best friends of Russia. The Japanese are -"warded as havinir rendered positive service in a military way. Only the Americans, to whom the Russians looked for help nnd sympathy are considered to have failed, not because of their failure to send more troops, a hope which has lonir since ben abandoned, but for lack of moral and material support such as other nations are giving. This is not solely the government's view, though it naturally craves sym ptithy and uld. Among its officials there are others who resent the pres ence and passivity of the troops and the alleged encouragement by Amer icn of their enemy, the Uolsheviki. A renresentative of the Omsk govern meat, in discussing the situation, confei,ed himself und his superiors mystified by the silence of the United Status on vitul matters oi policy. lie also said there was a tendency to judge severely acts of expediency and necessity which his government had taken. He said these acts were not fully understood. He cited the recent arrests of members of the Zemstvo, which he declared were jus tifiable and were made in accordance with military law. The arrested men were safely lodged in jail wuit ing for a civil trial on chnrge of ti'i usiinnble consniracy. His government wanted sympathy, this official added, in its efforts to reestablish order and greater mater ial assistance, but if it could not have it. ho said he believed it was entitled to strict neutrality towards its ene mies. Among the troops of the villag era along the railways there Is a sull enness and unfriendliness which did not exist u month ugo. This is due besides the Cossacks incident, to u re . fusal of General Graves to respond to appeals by the inhabitants along the Ussuri and Amur railwuys and the Suchan mines district where tn Americans are stationed, for protee Hon against outrages by Russian sol dlers. To these appeulJ, as wuii ns Blugiovestchensk district for a com pany of troops to fight the so called Bolshevik!, General Graves hus made the same reply, numely, that he would be exceeding his uuthorlty and violating the American policy towurd Russia. General Graves entertains strong doubt whether all Russians who have taken up arms In custern Siberia can be properly termed Bolshevik!. riwi neusants for months have been subjected to brutality at the hands of troops, chiefly Cossacks, most of whom represent the Omsk govern ment. On the pretext of searching for Bolshevlkl the troops hnve raided villages In the country-side, murder ing and imprisoning men and beating und maltreating women. DIFFERENT NAME BUT IT SOUNDED MUCH THE SAME In the March issue of the World's Work, u large magazine with wide circulation, the nnmcs of 1000 worth less Investments appeared. In the list appeared the nume "Red Peak Mining Co., but no address was given. Tho name sounded very much tho same as Red Peaks Copper Co., which is located in this county. Some who read over this list thought it meant the home company, but such is not the case. The company referred to is capital ized for $5,000,000 and has advertised extensively in tho Denver papers for exchange of stock for Liberty Bonds. Thu home company Is capitalized for only ? 1,500,000 nnd has never adver tised to accept Liberty Bonds for cer tificates of stock. The stockholders arc satisfied with their holding and from recent reports they will be well paid for their expense. Those who have charge of affairs promise some good news within a short time. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH The Sabbath School will meet 9:45. Bo sure to be in your place, and en courage other non-going snuuum School goers to go with you. At 11:00, the Rev. Caldwell's suhi ect will be "A Practical Suggestion Vom a Practical Mnn." Mrs. Leon Sands will render a solo. At 0:30. every member of the Chris tian Endeavor is expected to be in their place, come and bring your friends with you. At 7:30. the subject will lie "inc Nature nnd Glory of the Church." At both services the music will be up to the mark, you ore cordially in- itcd to attend nil the services. March 23 is to be a "Red Letter Day" in the Presbyterian Church nil over the united suites on nonnii oi the varied benevolences, nnd the rcsbvtcrians of Tucumcari and their friends are going to have a cheerful share in the enterprise, nnd are coming prepared to give their portion sabbath. AUTOIST AND THE SIGNAL Proner signuls ure not acts of cour tesy they are absolutely vital to safety- The driver behind you is not a mind-rcudcr: and every driver should guard his own safety and that of other drivers by the following sig nals: The outstretched hand 1. When pulling uway lrom curb. 2. When turning at intersections. 3. When turning in street. 4. When chnnging course. The arm above head 1. When stopping. The sounding of the horn 1. When passing overtaken vehi cles. 2. When upproaching intersections. Don't signal in a half-hearted way. Every day traffic congestion is in creasing. Every day the danger is increasing. Strict obedience to the laws of the state is incumbent on every citizen. TIIR ORIGIN OF THE DOUGHBOY How many Companion readers know why Americnn soldiers are culled "doughboys?" Stars ami stripes gives this explanation. Tho term "doughboy" dates from the Civil Wur. when nrmy wit was nroused by big globular brass but tons on infantry uniforms. Some one he must have been a snllor dub bed the buttons "doughboys" because thev reminded him of the boiled dumplings of raised dough that arc so frequently served in snips' messes and are known to all sailors ns "doughbovs." Originally, tho nnme referred only to infantrymen, but the Americnn expcdetlonnry force npplies it to all branches and all grades or the ser vice. Youth's Compnnion. The street paving problem seems to hnve tnken now life and those wno are vorking on the proposition say it will go through when the proper time comes. A meeting wns held Inst night ut the Chnmber of Commerce rooms and a committee wns nppointed to sec the property owners and leurn what they think of the movement and sug gest what kind of pavement tney win prefer. Postmaster James L. Seligmon ro ceived notice toduy and tho informu tlon is to be given to all soldiers nnd officers that the government does not desire to take over any more clothing or equipment from men dis charged from nrmy camps. The sol or is to rctn n what he brings uncK from enmp. During tho wur a differ ent nol cv wns followed, ns the gov ernmcnt needed uniforms nnd every thing used in waging a wur. Snntn Fe New Mexican. C. D. Wright was in from Portir Monday on business. While in town he was the cuest of nn old-time friend B. J. Akin, un employe of the Western Union for years until he moved to New Mexico. During the recent war he worked on the telegraph lines in Texas while his fumily took cure of tho fnrm near Porter. Ho suys thoy sure huve the oil fever in his part of the county. Some of the farmers are asking at high as $1.00 an acre for leuses. "GOODIES" FOR I i-aWM - .ii. i ii ' ii ' ' ' The above picture was taken In Italy and shows a V. M. C. A. cnmlon loaded with good things for the soldiers. The driver has Just taken Ills seat and Is receiving 11 mil Instructions before starting out on his tour of distribu tion. The transportation problem was one of the greatest with which the "V" had to deal. At one time, for Instance, the organization sent a shipment of an even hundred autotrucks to France, hut on their arrival eighty-live of them were cnniiuiindccred by the army. Men, food and munitions were more Im portant to Uncle Sain then than cigarettes, chocolate und chewing gum, and as a resiili many a "doughboy" was deprived of his "iiuiUIu'h." Those were the days when most anybody, especially If that Homebody happened to bo a "Yank" at the front, would udinltthat Sheruiun was absolutely right. YOUNG MEN'S SOCIAL CLUB Monday evening, Murch 17, u plum ber of the young men of town met to lay the foundation of what is to be culled "The Young Men's Social Club." Business 'terns were talked over and ofilcers were elected. The reception rooms of the Presbyterian church were chosen as the Club's headquar ters. It is the Club's idea to eupply the much needed resort' for the young fel lows of Tucumcuri to spend their even ings, where clean gnmes und sport can be enjoyed by all und where the bonds of fellowship muy be formed un der the right conditions. The Club's first meeting will be held in their rooms Suturduy evening, March 22. Other opening evenings will be unnounccd in the near future. The folowing officers were elected: Herbert J. Gcrhurdt, Pres., J. Frnser Caldwell, Sec, Glenn Houser, Tiens. We welcome ull young fellows ubove fifteen years of age. Internal Revenue Collector Frank lin made the following stntement to day, which should be good news to tax payers who have not filed their income tax returns: "Owing to the very short time allowed taxpayers to file their re turns, and further to the fuct that not nil of tho proper forms were received until n few days ago there are a large number of persons who did not file re turns. In somo instances, of course, the taxpayers are ut fuult, but others arc to be excused because of the un usal circumstances. The Treasury Denartmcnt has advised that returns may be accepted if the taxpayer will uttach a statement to the return, set ting forth his renson for dnlay. This statement will accompnny the tux re turn to Washington and will be pussed upon by the Commissioner. If the renson is good nnd sufficient there will be no penalty ussesscd. This gives all an opportunity to get right with the Government, und 1 hope that those who ure delinquent will see that their returns are filed immediately. Rhea DeOliviera, who recently re turned from nrmy work, hus engaged office room with II. Gerhurdt und-will do nbstrnct work, handle reul estate and life insurance, etc. Rhea was working in a bunk ut Fort Sumner when he wns drafted into the service. Through hnrd work nnd ability he rose rapidly in the nrmy until he received n commission ns lieutenant. He was used in the nrmy training camps over hero unt the armistice was signed when ho usked nnd wns granted his release from the army, returning homo to his wife und other relutives nnd friends. The News is glnd to welcome him back und desires to see him suc ceed in his present undertaking. He is competent und reliuble nnd those leav ing work in his enre will no tiount nc pleased at the munnor in which same is handled. C. E. Hunter, who has been repre scntlng Quay county in the fourth state legislature at Santu Fe tho pust few months returned home Sunday morning. He succeedeil in putting through several of his pet measures by enticing some republican legislnture to champion the measure for him. Of course, he will not bo given direct credit for these bills which tiro now luws, but he has the sutisfnetion of knowing thnt he did nil ho could. He wns on the job nnd mude numerous friends during his stuy in Snntu Fe. The R. A. G. Club met with Miss Ednn Clark Wednesduy night. Delici ous refreshments were served ufter the business meeting nnd tho social hour wan enjoyed at the show. The next meeting is to he with Miss Arabelle Dc Olivcria. ITALY'S FIGHTERS NEW DRY LAW IS INTENDED TO AID IN ENFORCEMENT R. E. Farley while in Albuquerque, en route from Snntu Fe, where he ut tended the session of the legislature, to Mexico City, where he will spend some weeks in perfecting nn organization of Anti-saloon hugue of the Republic of Mexico The prohibition luw, known us H. B. No. 2G0, which wns enacted by the legislature, is eminently satisfactory to the officials of the Anti-snloon league, according to Mr. Furlcy. Un der the new luw, bootlegging will be come a Miing of the past. The con stitutional amendment remains in full force and effect, us it has been since October 1, with the exception that "teeth" huve been put into the penal ties, und instead of fines, violuters of the liquor luws now fnce imprison ment in the county jail for not less than ninety days for first offense, und imprisonment in the penitentiary for not less thnn two yenrs for second und subsequent offenses. The new law provides that the court shall have no power to suspend any sentences pussed for violations of the prohibitory law. It is also unlnwful for nnyone to have liquor in his pos session in public places, so that it is now un offense for n person to huve liquor m his possession unywhere cx cent in private homes. And, in view of the court upholding the validity of the Reed amendment, it will be im possible to hnve booze shipped in. All clubs, society und fruternal or ganizations, hotels nnd restaurants re forbidden to keep, mnintnin or serve any intoxicating liquors in or about their premises. The law also nrovides for seizure of liquor owned by nny person found guilty of the violation of the law. RAILROAD FARE TO BE CUT TO THREE CENTS IN STATE San Francisco, March 18. Flat increase to 3 cents n mile of nil pas senger rates on and after April 1 was announced by the officers of the United States railroad administration here today. The increase wns pro videdfor in general order No. 28, is sued June 10, lust. Rules in excess of 3 cents a mile will be decrensed to the 3-cent limit on all lines under the jurisdiction of the administration, it was announced. All special and excursion rates will be discontinued. It is ussumed thnt the above ruling will npply to New Mexico, nnd thnt ull passenger rates will be reduced to 3 cents a mile, effective April 1. The fine in this state has been 4 cents or better. The state corporation com mission has been fighting for several years for lower passenger rates in New Mexico. Mr. l.lovil Rnbersnn and Miss Susie Curbello, i-oth of this city were united in the holy bonds of mntnmony sun day by Rev. J. H. Mcsser. The con- tract ng nort os nrc both well und tnv orable known. Mr. Roberson is em ployed by the K. P. & S. W. where he has been for some time. Miss L,ur hello was employed in tho offices of the in rond as i.tenogranhei- the past year The News joins their muny friends in oxtendng congratulations, l hey ex poet to make Tucumcari their future home. Tho new three cent "Victory" pos tnee stumns huve nrrived ut the local niwt nfllrn Thev urn iiiirnle in color mill me uiinawmv ,i iivhihiii. It hns taken some time to print ami distribute these stumps but it is be lleved they will bo in great demand nlthough mnny people, will perhaps find it necessury to buy largo num bers of them at a time in view of the propobul to return to two cent letter postage on July 1 or this yeur. FOURTH STATE LEGISLATURE CLOSED CLOCK IS SET BACK Santu Fe, March 10. The fourth legislature adjourned this morning at 2 o'clock after a continuous session of both houses since 10 o'clock Sut urday morning. The house by re cessing and standing at ease did not enter the last legislative day until 11:30 Saturday night although the .session was supposed to expire by limitation or law at noon Suturduy. When the luwmakers adjourned sine die it was three minutes to 2 o'clock by official time, but was ten minutes to 12 Saturday morning by the clock In the house of representatives The senate simple let its clock run und paid no utention to it. The closing hours were marked in each house by usual fun und all sorts of freak resolutions and bills were introduced and speeches of humorous inclination were delivered. In the senate near the close Lieu tenant Governor Punkey was pre sentcd with u handsome silver tea set. Floor Leader Clark and Minority Leader Skeen both received loving cups from members of their party. If there is any one thing which stands out more pluinly thun any other in the work of the legislature it was the plea of economy which was followed by the creation of u lurg-j number of new officers. The bulk of the appointments go to the governor. Among the good jobs which will be available ure the twenty-nine places for road superintendents, one in each county. Hits plucc pays 'J,(jU0 a year and the house mude u strong ef fort to place the appointment in the hands of county commissioners and adopted an amendment to that ef fect. The senate killed the amend ment und again placed the appoint- merits in the hands of the governor and sent it back to the house, where it was concurred in ufter more debate. The plucc of gasoline inspector at $1,800 a year for the purpose of col- lcctir.ij the new 2 per cent tax on motor propulsion fluid is another. There will be one inspector in each judicial district. Opponents of the measure figured out that the collection of the tax would cost the state 17 per cent of the total amount. Friends declared the figures were placed too high und argued that more money woi'.i'i be paid into the state treasury .under that plan than the plan of the minority to have the tax collected by tiie sheriff. The passage of the irrigation pro jects a..d the addition of many new clerkships in the various offices will operate to furnish many positions. Highly paid men are provided for on the permanent tax commission, health commission and more jobs ure added to the personnel of the state prison force. Among the measures pussed ure some of which will be of great impor tunee in the future history of New Mexico. The passage of signing the bill creating the department of health is considered u forwnrd step by ull, although the provisions of the bill are criticized by some. The pussuge of the $2,000,000 bond issue resolution, the issuance of which is to be voted on by the people, and other road pleasures for the purpose of taking advantage of the plans ot the lcuerai government to upend $4,500,000 in his state, is considered by good roud enthusiasts as the most important measure in that line ever passed in New Mexico. Governor Iirrazolo fared uncom monly well at the bunds of the luw mukers. His program was u sweeping one and he saw it in the mum go through. His educational bills were rewnten until some of them did not resemble the original meusures but his ideas in the mam were carried out. The compulsory study of Span ish failed to get written into the luw, but a bill was passed which pluces Spunish in reuch of every pupil in New Mexico nnd provides for teacners who must show their proficiency in tho language. A bill providing for the employment of Spanish- speaking touchers in schools wnere the ma jority of the pupils are Spunish- spenkmg passed. The governor s bilingual bins cre ated nation-wide discussion und were generally misunderstood und miscon strued by the eustern press. They cre ated discussions in the press and umong educutors which spread from coast to coast Another of the governor's bills which wns mude luw wns the increase in sulnries of teachers. The bill adds about $10 u month to the pny of teach ers. S. A. Edwards has returned home from Southern Texas whore ho had been on business. He visited the oil fields while away und nt Ranger ho talked with the head mnn of a drilling outfit who told him he hod orders to loud u drill for Lesbiu. N. M. A mcs Bilge was received Wednesday from Ranger this rig had been shipped nnd would no doubt arrive in a few days. .This does not guarantee a well hero but it shows someone means business. Supervisor of knitting will be at Red Cross work room every Thursday ufternoon to give out yarn and re ceive finished work from 2 to 6 o'clock, RED GROSS WANTS YOUR OLD GLOIRES -1300 LBS.OUR QUOTA Recent cubic advice from our Amer icnn Red Cross Commission to Eu rope, indicates thut it is udvisnble :hat we undertake a cumpuign for the col lection of used clothing for the benefit of all European countries, except the Central Powers. The need of these people is still great, und it is extremely important that we should suppliment their splen did efforts in every wuy possible. The wur is, of course, over nnd Hunter is fast upprouching when many will put on new clothing. Will you not turn your discarded garments to those less fortunate ones in Europe? Every kind of garments for all ages of both sexes is urgently needed, und in addition to these, piece goods, can ton flunnel und other kinds of cloth from which to make gurments for new born bublcs, und woolen goods of nny kind. Ticking nnd sheeting also shoes of every size arc needed. Scrap leath er is usked for to be used in making repairs on foot wear. Since the clothing will be subject ed to the hardest kind of wear only garments of strong, durable material should he sent. It is useless to offer to nny afflicted population gnrments of flimsy material. Make the gift prac tical. Garments need not be in perfect con dition. Mnny thousand of destitute women living in the regions recently occupied by the Central Powers ure most eager to earn u smnll liveli hood by repairing gift clothing und muking new garments suitable to the needs with which they arc familiar. Do not send, bnli dresses, flimsy dresses, high hats, straw hats, derby hats, trimmings for huts, feathers, um brellas, mattresses, toys, collars, neck ties, crutches, purusols, pillows, crock ery, rugs, carpets. No food stuff of any kind. Send ull clothing to the Red Cross Rest Room. The campaign will begin March 24, nnd closes March 31. Quay County's quota is 1300 pounds. Mrs. Herman Gcrhurdt is chnirmun of this work nnd will gladly furnish you with any further information. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Quny County Chapter Amer ican Red Cross. Mrs. C. S. Sartain organized A Young Peoples Mission Society last week. The following officers were elected: President, Miss Gordon; Vice President, Mr. Vern Tarpley;Second Vice President, Mrs. Routh; Corres ponding Secretary, Miss Violet Rob ertson; Ricording Secretary and Trensurcr, Miss Tacy Conger; Super intendent of Study nnd Publicity, Mis Aletha Willinms. This Society is to meet once n mnn-.h nnd is for ull the young people of the church. Mr. Patterson, who hus been suffer ing with nsthmn and Inst winter had the flu, died Wednesday at tho home of his son, J. J. Patterson, south of town. Funeral services were conduct ed at the cemetery Thursday after noon by Rev. G. E. Ellis, pastor of the Baptist church. A number of friends, und relatives were present to pny their lust respects to Mr. Patterson who ns been u resident of the county lor number of yenrs. The Ladies' Aid of the Presbyterian Church will hold an Easter Food Sole, April 19, 1919. The Indies of this So ciety ure Hiking orders for dying ras ter Eggs, nnd will ennrge the market price for the eggs, with an nddttlonai fifteen cents per dozen for dying tho eggs. Any person uesiring xo pince an order please cnll phone 258, or 259. 2t BAPTIST CHURCH Tho First Baptist Church celebrated its sixteenth anniversary lust Friday night with a banquet. A large number of members and friends gathered to hear "Rcmlncscnces of the Past" and enjoy the ents. Rev. E. B. Atwood tho Corresponding secretary wns present and spoke encouragingly of tho church work. The following program wns render ed nnd enjoyed by all: Looking Bnck- wnrt . Bro. Nenfus. Selection by tho Boy Scout Band, Vocnl solo, Miss Ethel Whltmore, Reading Mrs. Mnplo Kou ertson, Address, Rev. Atwood. Broth er Ellis closed tho evenings program with a few interesting facts about church organization. The Fisst Baptist Church was or ganized with thirteen charter members At nrescnt It hns a membership 01 more than two hundred and fifty. A contract hns been signed by Col onel Ralph E. Twitchell with n big enstern publishing firm to write a his tory of New Mexico in the Great War. The work is to be in three largo vol umes, 'beautifully illustrated and Is to be completed within three years. It will be in conformity with tho other historical volumes of Colonel Twitch ell's which assures thnt a high stand ard will be maintained.