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STOCK ON DRY FARMS
Agriculture Must Be Used to Im prove Soil Fertility. One of Bast Way to Accomplish End I to Raise Mora Animals and Di versify Crop Soil Only High-Priced Product. In the early development of the dry I farming Industry, practically all the j thought was given to the production of crop. The main problem was to take 1c and pr ?lvlng but scant ralufull ; but little of value, and uce paying crop. At sen directed toward the lem of plowing, barrow 1 tillage operations to iture. The world has A for plants Inured to 'ul testa hove been made rietiea that would pro practical p Ing and ot drouth. C to secure duce maximum crops with a minimum amount of water. The work of determining whether success or failure has to be the re ward of all this labor has left little time to consider methods of making the Industry permanent and estnbl$h Ing It on the basis ot good husban dry. The pioneer work has been well done. It 1b now necessary that dry lam agriculture Improve and not de plete soil fertility, and that It develop a high type of citizenship among It follower. One of the way of accomplishing these ends is to increase the live stock and diversify the dry farm prod ucts. In tho pEBt but very little at tention has been given to animal pro duction. This has been very well thus far, but history has demonstrat ed that such a policy will inevitably decrease soli fertility. Now. a good system of permanent dry land agri culture cannot be conducted on land that Is gradually but surely growing poorer. One of the very best ways of maintaining soil fertility is to feed the crops to live stock on the farm and sell only concentrated, high priced products. Live stock may also contribute to the more successful management of the dry farm by helping more profit ably to employ Its labor. In the pro duction of a single crop, for example, wheat, a great deal of labor Is re quired at certain season of the year, while at other seasons there Is prac tically nothing to do. This condition Is certainly out of harmony with economic management. It would not be difficult to arrange a system of man agement whereby the labor required during the busy season of crop pro duction could be profitably employed at other times caring for live stock belhg fattened. Thus the live stock would not only preserve the value of the land, but would help to solve one of the difficult problems of profitable management. The manager of the dry farm may also use live stock In helping to solve the problem of marketing. Crops can often be fed to animals at a good profit. This also places the crops more or less beyond the uncertain fluctuations In price. On every farm there are always certain products which for some reason are unmarket able, yet perfectly edible. They are often an entire 'os in the absence of stock to consume them. Where crop growing alone 1 followed, the sales are usually all made at one time, mak ing a short season of great plenty, but a longer season with absolutely no In come. By the use of live stock, the period when money is coming In is ex tended. The diversity of products also makes the farmer less at the mercy of unfavorable conditions. A Good Turkey Ration. While corn will put fat on turkeys, a much finer quality of flesh Is ob tained if they are given a ration of ground oats, barley, buckwheat and wheat middlings mixed into a moist hash and skim milk or buttermilk. A half ounce of tallow to each bird as a substitute for corn gives excellent results. This ration should be fed from a trough and should be supplemented by a succulent ration of apples, beet or turnips. Shells, grit, and fresh wa ter should be kept before the birds constantly. If they are in good grow ing condition to start with about three weeks of this special feeding will be needed to fit them for the table. Crops for Sage Brush Land. The choice of crops' for sage-brush land will depend on soil, location and altitude. The grains almost always do well. On the proper soils and In adapted locatlona, potatoes thrive. Garden stuff nearly always does well. For the moat part sage brush lands are deficient in organic matter and will not reach their bet production until after they have been in alfalfa or other legumes. In vhe higher alti tudes field peas and alsike clover will often be used a the rotation crop to Increase the productive capacity of the land. Thua land which ha been in peas, clover or alfalfa will pioduce targer crops than virgin soil. Remedy for Lice on Cow. A good remedy for lice on cow Is to pour a little kerosene oil Into a shallow dish and stir in a little salt. Then take a wire-tooth cattle comb, din the end of the )eth In the mix ture, and, shaking off the surplus, draw the comb down through the cow's balr where the lice are found. Comb the cow once a week in this way, taking care not to apply enough of the oil to loosen the balr. and the lice will soon be exterminated. NEED Or CONSERVING WATER Nclty of Storing Moisture in Soli During Periods of Wet Weather to Use During Drouth. The Nebraska Baltetta No. 114. In the soil. Is a erlment station storing moisture rt of work done tatlon located at as up the neces 1n the sot) dur ather, to be used Ing perlc during ii ine charts snow that water Is eon ssrrad In the toll through cultivation and that It is necessary to keep the surface of the soil loose and in a re ceptive condition, to get the water Into tne soil. Almost as much water Is got into the soli during the early part of the season where a cultivated crop I being grown as Is conserved by sum mer tillage. Thla Is due to the fact that the surface soil is kept loose enough to hold the' water that falls until It can get down into the soli, and the loose soli on the SMrface prevents evaporation. It In also due to the fact that comparatively few plants are being grown In a cultivated field, and these do not draw very heavily on the water supply during the early part of their growth. In a small grain field more plants are grown, with the result fhat the water la used more rapidly and less water Is got Into the soil. In fields growing alfalfa or brome grass, where the number of growing plants are large and the surface of the soil is smooth and hard, It Is seldom' that enough water gets Ir.io th'; soil to moisten It below two or three feet. By the method of summer tilling prac ticed from 40 to 50 per cent, of the season's rainfall has been stored for the use of the subsequent crop. On this type of soil the water In the up per six feet Is available for the crop. VALUE OF PLOWING IN FALL Should Be Done in Order to Permit Winter Precipitation to Enter Soils Easily and Effectively. It is generally conceded that In or der to permit the winter precipitation to enter the aolls easily artd effectively, the soil should be plowed In the fall and left In a rough state throughout the winter. To prevent a Iqss of this storage moisture, when the warm sun shine of spring and summer appears, the fall plowed soil should be harrow ed In early spring, and by means of re peated harrowlngs a dry earth mulch should bo kept on the surface. Ybn the overwhelming majority of western soils the only right time for plowing is In the fall. On an equally large proportion of western soils the best method of preventing evaporation from soils Is deep and thorough cultivation. The soli of the farm on which the experiments reported In this bulletin were conducted was tilled In the best possible manner. The top soil was loose and permitted the ready en trance of water. The field was usual ly plowed In the fall. During two sea sons only It was possible to secure comparative data dealing with fall versus spring plowing. While the dif ference In both seasons was small, in both cases it was in favor of the fall plowed soil. Some workers in this field have noted the small increase In the per centage of soil moisture to certain depths resulting from fall plowing, and have hastily concluded that fall plowing has little value In conserving the natural precipitation. In view ol the law of the approximate constancy of the soil moisture In the spring such views may be revised. Fall plowing undoubtedly conserves the winter precipitation. Utah Bulletin No 104 It pays In dollars and cents to make the stock comfortable. Try to protect all stock from cold winds and rains. It pays. The cattle shortage is with us and Is likely to stay for year. Kafir fodder Is better In quantity and quality In Kansas this fall than for ten years. Two parts oats and one of bran make a well-balanced grain ration for pregnant ewea. Sheep, like men. can endure great severity if conditions are maintained favorable to the body. Many times plenty of salt fur stock saves medicine later on. Hogs should have It as well as the rest. The man with the cattle Is now con sidered the lucky man. and the better bred bis cattle are the luckier he it. In the long run it la live stock raiser who gets ahead. Ixok around your neighborhood and see if it 1 not so. A hog fed qn corn alone from the time it is weaned from the sow until butchered at 18 months old seldom pays expenses. As good a conditioner bb we know of Is oil meal fed in connection with one-tenth salt. There is nothing bet ter for winter conditioning. For a straight hog feuce we have found that 26 inches Is not high enough. If there are to be no barb wires on top. the bog fence should be not less than 30 Inches high. A vicious old horse In a herd of horses In the pasture is likely to do great barm by biting and kicking. She should either be hobbled or kept entirely away from other horse. BROOM CORN CULTIVATION Discussion by Man Experienced in Browing This Valuable Crop No. 1. THE ABOVE ILLUSTRATION NUMBER ONE QUALITY. IS Number 1, which Is Standard va- riety. with as few center stem as pos- Bible, la the most desirable quality that has no kinky or rough tip. With talks 4 to 6 Inches, the straw 1 the variety most paired by all manufac- turers. it should run of equal portions, 10 inches to 22 Inches, which will make all length brooms the market de mands. Such growth and quality. with a pea green color, no ripe or red, should command the very high- est market price, and will find ready ale on any market, when low grade goes at very, much lower price and but little demand for low grades. j Dwarf of high quality, if handled and shedded wltn the same pains. will produce almost as profitable as Standard. However, by pulling the Dwarf leaves too much excessive WBBte. The buyer must ' consider la buying which is a trifle lower price, quality taken into consideration. FOREIGN FIELD FOR BROOM CORN. (By James Jay, Lindsay, Oklahoma.) It has been my experience that it Is much cheaper to buy broom corn seed from those who make a business of raising pure seed, than It Is to gave It, as broom corn runs out very easily, and it requires a great deal of, wor'.: to cut out any smut heads when it is growing. One method of seed testing I to test the seed in warm water, but we have not secured any lnefrlor seed from our seedsmen. In this country the ground 1 pre pared by listing, same as for Indian corn, and is cultivated as soon as pos sible, that is, when it eeta about four inches high, and ahould be ploughed as often as possible, chopping out the big weedrf, and afterwards let It ma turo. Seventy-five one-hundred seeds is planted to t rod. This U deter mined, however, according to the ground. On rich land, one-hundred seeds should be planted to to the rod, but on fair land only about eighty Broom Corn should oe cut Just as soon as the bloom 1 off and seeded as fast as it la cut. Then put In I he shed so that the sun will not be on It any more than Is necessary, as the sun makes the straw brittle, and should not be stacked in the field. It will pay any grower of broom corn to bulW a shed, for one little rain will will do more damage than the shed Very many growers think that any will ort. These observations are the (thing will do as long as it gets into result of forty years experience in ! tbe bale, paying no attention to the broom corn raising. If I had not had u broom corn crop this year, 1 would not have had any thing, as everything else failed that I had plauted. Would advise shedding broom corn as soon aa It Is cut to secure a good color, and don't allow the corn to get too far forward before cutting, and he certain your man takes the boots off. For balling, the brush should be butted down good and even before It goes to the man in the buler. for no man can put up a nice bale of broom corn without it first being buttad down well. Seeding should be done every day, but considering the matter of good wards these same sheds could tie pure broom corn seed. It is the most! used ,or otber PurPos. 8uch an stor important factor ltf raising crop. log machinery, wagons, etc. BROOM CORN CULTIVATION Discussions by Men Experienced in Growing This Valuable Crop BROOM CORN 8EED BED FIRST THING FOR CONSIDERATION (By Luke H Hood, Areola, III.) In raising broom corn, first thing to be considered in rafsl",; and hand ling the crop Is the seed bed. To get good bed, plough the ground as early in the spring as possible, plough five or six inches deep at least and let the ground lay until you are ready to plant. ThU will give time for the weed and grass seed to get started. Then disc It and work down thoroughly with roller, and harrow It The next thing is seed, and for one not experienced in taking care of seed, it will be much better to get the seed from some good reliable seedsmen. If, however, the person should prefer to save his own seed, he should let the broom corn stand In the field until good and ripe, then cut and shelve up, leaving It on the shelf until it Is thoroughly cured, after which it should be threshed and stored in a good dry place. In testing seed, I find it a good way to take a sample of the seed and roll It tightly in a piece of old wollen cloth,, next, wet th! thoroughly In warm water, and keep in a warm place for a few days. Then unroll . l, Ql, aaa , . , ar . . o. 8eed yQU have Cftre 8nouM be tnken hnwBV, tfl Up fh. rlnfh damn Plant In rows three feet, four Inches apart about sixty seeds to the rod. flnd plant two and one.;,a)f lncnefl deep. After the corn la up about an ,nch put tne roer on ,t Next g)ve ,t a gQod ploughlnK wlth any cu1. tlvat0I.( or eagle claWB The tnree shove, cuUlvator l8 preferable for the flm two cultlvatlon,i art9r which wa ug6 tne surface cultfvator, After the broom corn 8 p,0Ug,hed three or four tlmeg ,t Bhou)d be j,,d by wuen about wa,st b,gh Cuttlng ahould begin as goon a(J tbe Beed . , to fl , or a8 goon ag thn beada are a out ,t the weather will permit, allow the corn to lay on the table until the fol lowing day. Corn should be aheded while you seed It, and placed on slats about three Inches deep, or a good armful to an eight foot slat. The depth, however, wil depend on the condition of the corn, and also wheth er the shed is an open or a closed one. The air should be allowed to pass freely through the corn. Leave the corn on the slats eight or ten days, or until the stems are dry. Broom corn should be blocked before balling as It puts It In better shape to bale, makes a smoother bale and doesn't take as many men to handle It. Let the corn lay In the bulk a week or ten days. Care should be taken In baling to straighten the corn, or placed in small bunches while but ted. Wo prefer the Australian variety of seed, as the brush Is longer, and runs more to hurl. BfVOOM MANUFACTURERS WILL ING TO PAY HIGHER PRICES FOR GOOD BROOM CORN. (By Herbert P. Gardner, of Gardner Broom Co Amsterdam, N.( Y.) Farmers stand In their own light in the way they prepare their broom corn for market. In the first place, they are not particular enough with ; the seed they select for planting; and 'after planting, not enough attention ! is paid to cultivation. As a general rule, later on they are careless about harvesting their broomcorn, and very often a little of it stands in the field for quite a long time, with the result that a lot of red corn la produced. very Important matter of seeding and baling. Here is where they make a very sad mistake, for broomcorn well seeded, handled and baled will bring from $10.00 to $20.00 more per ton at all times. We believe that the broom manufac j turers will be willing at all times to i psy the farmers good prices for their j broomcorn ;f they would be more careful with it. More attention ; should be given by the growers, to , broomcorn seeds, so that their corn could be properly cured and put In first class condition, as the extra price they would get for their corn would pay for the sheds, and after FOR EVERY FAMILY MEDICINE CHEST To the head of every family ths health of it different members 1 mot important, and the value of an groeeble laxative that ia certain In It effect 1 appreciated. One of the most popular remedies in the family medicine chest is a combination of simple laxative herbs with pepsin that Is known to druggists and physicians as Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin. This preparation la mild end gentle In its action on the bowels, yet positive la its effect . A dose of Kyi up Pepsin at night means relief next morning, while Its tonic properties tone up and strengthen the muscles of stomach, liver and bowels so that these organs are able In a short time to again per form their natural functions without help. Druggists everywhere sell Dc. Cald well's Syrup Pepsin in 60c and 1.00 bottles. If you have never tried thla simple, inexpensive, yet effective remedy, write to Dr. W. B. Caldwell, 201 Washington St.. Monticello, III., and ask for a sample bottle. Dr. Cald well will he glad to send It without any expense to you whatever. But Mamma Didn't. Little Mabel was always tumbling down and getting hurt, but as soon as her mother kissed the humped fore head Mabel would believe it oured and cease crying. One day she accom panied her mother to the Union depot, and while they were seated in the crowded waiting room an intoxicated man entered the door, tripped over a suitcase, and fell sprawling on the floor. The attention of every one was attracted to tbe incident, and in the sudden silence following the fall Ma bel called out: "Don't cry. man. Mamma 11 kiss oo, and 'en oo '11 be all right." Llp plncott'e Magazine. Rotoh ON Rats, for Noxious Animals, 15o Rough on KoAcmcs,Powderl5c; Liquid 15c. Rough on Moths, Powder 25c. byexp's40c. Rough on Ants, Powder, 25c. Rough on Bepbuos, Liquid, 35c. Rough on FutAS.Powder.SoaporLiq'd 25c. Rough on Hbn Licb. Dust Powder. 15c. Row-i Cm Limber neck, 50c. Express. 75c j Rough on Hen Lies, Spray Liquid, 25c. Rough on Corns, Liquid, 25c., Salve, 15c. Rough on BuNioNS,Llquid25c; Powder, 35c At Arum lata slid country Btorsa B. 8. WELLS, Chemist, Jersey City, N. J. Among the Ancients. , Democritus had just announced the theory that tbe visible universe is merely the result of the fortuitous concourse of atoms. "Subject, of course," he said, "to the approval of Mr. Oompors." For he did not wish to be drawn Into a magazine controversy over 1L Important to Mothers Examine carefully every Tjottle of CASTORIA. a safe and sure remedy for infants and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of In Use For Over 30 Years Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria Touch Preventer. Howell Why do you call your dog "Strike Breaker?" Powell I have done it ever since he grabbed a fellow who was about to strike me for money. When Your Eyes Need Care Try Murine Eye Remedy. No Smarting Feels Fine Acta Quickly. Try It for Red, Weak, Watery Eyea and Granulated Eyelids. Illus trated Book In each Package. Murine is Eimpoundod by our Oculists not a "Patent Med Ine" but used In successful Physicians' Prac tice for many years. Now dedlcsted to the Pub lic and sold by Druggist! at 26c unit 60c pur Buttle. Murine Bye Salvo In Aseptic Tubes, 2fic and 60c. Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chloago AlasI Wlgg Young Sllicus says his heart is lacerated. Wagg Who's the lass? Philadel phia Record. Many a girl fails to select the right husband because she Is afraid of be ing left. Stomach Blood and Liver Troubles Much sickness starts with weak stomach, and consequent poor, impoverished Mood. Nervous and pale-people lack ood, rich, red blood. Their stomachs need invigorating for, after all, a man can be no stronger than hit stomach. A remedy thst makes tbe stomach strong and the liver active, makes rich red blood and overcomes and drives out disease-producing bacteria and cures a whole multi tude of diseases. Get rid ot roar Stomach Weakness mad Uror Laziness by tmktni m coarse of Dr. Pierce' Golden Medical Olseovery tho Hreat Stomach Restorative, Liver tovltorator and Blood Cleanser. Yon can't afford to accept any medicine of unknown eempotition as a substitute for "Golden Medical Discov ery," which is a medicine OS Snown composition, hsving s complete list of ingredients in plain English on its bottle-wrapper, same being attested as correct under oath. Dr. PterVm PfaasaaY Mjefs regulate W. L. DOUGLAS 235, '2.50, '3, '3.60,4 & '5 SHOES All Styles. All Leathers, All Sises and Widths, for Men, Women and Boys. THE STANDARD Of QUALITY FOR OVER 30 YEARS THE NEXT TIME YOU NEED SHOES give W. L Douglas shoes a trial W. L. Douglas name stamped on a shoe guar antees superior quality and more value for the money than other makes. His name and price stamped on the bottom protects the wearer against high prices and inferior shoes. Insist upon having I .11 le genuine W. L Douglas shoes. Iss-sil" ! 1 Take no substitute. uZ3ZzZl TO OJLUU Ml SxALL. oi roots siiowb in nioan i feel as skews la ruodl; VaWSMf --rvr or kssKKmr m RESTORED TO HEALTH. Attar Suffering with Kidney Disorders for Many Yssrs. Mra. John 8. Way, 209 8. 8th St., In dependence, Kans.. says: 'Tor a num ber ot yeera I was a victim of disor der kidneys. My back ached coo- etantly, the passage of the kidney secre tions was Irregular and my feet and an kles badly swollen. Swots appeared be fore my eyea and I was very nervous. if, iialnv fiiimArnus l M ' I t fMSWW remedies without relief, I wae com pletely cured by Doan's Kidney Pilla. In view ot my advanced age, my cure seems remarkable." "When Tour Back Is Lame, Remem ber the Namo-DOAN'S. BOc. aU store. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. T. All Fresco. "Why does that old maid use so much paint on her facet" "She's making up for lost time." Brooklyn Life. One way not to please a woman la) to let her do as she pleases. YOU CAN ASSIST YOUR WEAK STOMACH back to its normal condition by taking a short course of Hostetier's Stomach Bitters It tones and invigor ates, also prevents Poor Appetite, Indi gestion. Heartburn, Costiveness, Colds, Grippe and Malaria. TRY A BOTTLE TODAY. Splendid Crops In Saskatchewan (Western Canada) 800 Bushels Horn 20 acres of wheat was the thresher return from a Lloyd I minster farm In the season of 1910. Many fields in that .swell as other districts yield ed from 25 to 35 bu shels of wheat to the acre. Other grains in proportion. LARGE PROFITS are thus derived from th FREE HOMESTEAD LANDS of Western Canada. This excellent ibowlnn can.es prlcos to advance. Land value. sWhmU double 1 n two Tears' tluie. Grain e-rwwlng.niixed farm - nr, rattle raising; and dairy -nS sr. all nroffiable. Free Hnmostaarls of 1 6U acres are Jo be had In the very best Istrlcls; ISO acre pre-emu-tlonsatSs.OO per acre with in certain areas. School, ami .hnmhM In .r. rv settle ment, climate unexcelled. oil tne richest; woocj, water and building material plentiful. . W For particulars as to location, low tattler.' railway rates and descriptive Illustrated pamphlet. rv J formation, write to Hup'toflutml Idl .ration, Ottawa, Canada, or to J Canadian Government Agent. S I hi ii nnncqa '. a. .... , n.ii. ill. iiuin, . 11 - 125 VY. Ninth St.. Kansas City, Ms. Please write to tb. agent nearest yon CAROM and POCKET BILLIARD TABLES 5 LOWEST PRICES EASY PAYMENTS You cannot afford to experiment v.'ith untried goods sold by OBmmission agents. Catalogues free. rHE BRUNSWICK - BALKE - COL LENDER COMPANY M Watt Main street. DspL B. Oklahoma City. Old. W. N. U., Oklahoma City, No. 8-1912. assf larlgontm Stomach, Llrtr ami Bonis. Saoae Bsnt Everywhere All Charges nate Mjl.ab.li.it , tit, ant! alath ustisilt w.ini i vlsls Mats styisaeslisd i rears 3 Knsw. UiltH:TVsm art Prepaid.