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CLOVIS, NEW MEXICO, NEWS
IMPORTANCE OF SEEDS No One Subject of Greater In terest to Farmer. On Reason for General Awakening It That Land Haa Increaaad In Valua to Marked Extant Uniform ity of Much Valu. Oiy A. D. Sir AM EL.) There la no one aubject related to farming of (creator Interest and Im portance to the farmer than the Im provement of hli general cropa by aeed aelectlon and breeding. The study of theae planta from the breed ing standpoint la not only Intensely Interesting but it also usually results In awakening a keener Interest In all Tan Eara of Corn From the Same Field, 8hovlng Great Variability In Type Resulting From Failure to Se lect Seed Properly. phases of crop production, from the preparation of the soil for the seed bed and the cultivation of the growing plants to the marketing of the prod ucts. This subject Is of vital Impor tance, commercially, from the fact that It usually costs no more to grow Improved varieties of farm crops than unimproved aorta, while the Increase In production due to the use or im proved seed results In additional prollt. During the past 10 or IS years there haa been a great awakening of Inter eat In the aubject of aeed aelectlon and breeding aa applied to our great gen eral farm crops, especially corn, cot ton, tobacco, wheat, oats and other crops or wide distribution and cultiva tion. One reason for this awakening Is that tho land on which these crops are grown tins Increased In value to a very marked extent and it Is neces sary to Increase the production per acre and Improve the quality of the crops in order to make funning prollt ulilu. In hitch priced land It is neces sary to grow more productive crops tlitm formerly if one Is to make a rea noimlilii prollt on the present Invest ment. Another reamm for the awakened Intercht In speed selection rnj breed- selection and breeding, the growing of theae cropa la either carried on with small return to the grower or 1 to be abandoned. The most Important field for the breeder' work Is In the Improvement of the established varlotles of crop by the production of strain approxl mating more uniformity to tho best types of these varieties. This lack of uniformity In high productive capacity la responsible In great measure for the prosent low average yield of moat of our cropa. In the case of corn, this variability of planta 1 particularly striking. A large majority of the plants produce ears of email slie, Irregular In shape, and light weight, which are undesir able. Many of the stalks are barren. Only a small proportion of the plants produce the maximum size and weight of ear. If every kernel produced a uniform plant and the plants bore uni form ears weighing one pound each. the average yield per acre would be about 10,668 pounds, or about 155 bush els of shelled corn per acre. The fact that the average yield throughout the corn belt Is less than 40 bushel per acre Is striking evidence that only a small proportion of the plant bear ears of the maximum weight KEEP HEAVY DOORS IN PLACE 1 l mmmm ' Iron Rod Used aa Brae Will Prevent 8agglnpj on Hinges Illustration Is Self-Explanatory. To prevent heavy doora from sag ging on their hlngea an Iron rod I used as a brace. Take a piece of strap iron bent at right angles, with holes punched through for bolt and brace rod. Then a three-eight or one-half Inch Iron rod which hook In eye on one side of building. The screw eye must be secured in post or rafter Prevent Sagging Doora. tightly In a direct line with hinge, then hook In rod, tighten top and tht door cannot sag. Ten Eara of Corn From the Same Field, Illustrating the Uniformity In All Desirable Charactera Attain ed by Careful 8eed Selection. Ing lies in the fact that In tho sec tions where crops have been grown for a considerable time tho varieties produced on these lauds year after year, where no seed selection or breeding has been practiced, hare tended to run out and become un provable. In addition to the running out tit varlctk-s under conditions of continuous propagation without breed ing, fungeous diseases and Insect ene mies, frequently develop to sucb an extent that, unless resistant or Im mune varieties are secured by seed SWINE ON RAPE PASTURAGE One of Best Emergency Crops Grown and Will Give Practically aa Good Reaulta aa Alfalfa. The grower of rnpe should Insist on getting the Uwnrf Ksscx, ss this Is the only variety that la aultuble for hog pasture. There la a summer or bird eeed rape found on the market which makes a worthless pasture and should not be used. It is possible that this has been the cause of this man's troubles, writes Turner Wright In the Farmers Mail and Hreexe. I have used rape for several year as pasture for both breeding and fat tening bogs and never experienced any difficulty In getting thcin to eat It. If hoga that are not accustomed to rape are given no other green feed for a few days they will soon learn to eat and reiinb It even though they are fed a liberal amount of grain. It often happens that hogs, after learning to at rape, prefer It to clover or alfalfa that I coarse and woody. I have ntten Changed bog from alfalfa to rai and from ran to alfalfa ami could see no SHOULD WORK ROADS OFTEN Highways Need Constsnt Cars to Give Satisfaction Use Split-Log Drag After Each Rain. There were many fauKB In the old system of road repairing, when every citizen hnd to wnrk out hi highway tax, and now thut It Is all under state control, with n cuBh system, perhaps there Is little better sorvlre glveo, ev erythlng c t.sldered, wrltca a New York man In the Farm and Home. It hns been tho practice and la yet, to great extent on a majority of the roads, to work them some In the spring and I hen let them alone until the next spring. This method will never give us very satisfactory highways. They need con stant care the same as do railways hero a little and there a little. Keep the water and loose stones out and the larger part of the year we would bave very good roads. 8ome system needs to be organised whereby the split-log road drag can be used after almost every rain. I have used one enough to know that If uaod and followed up aa It should be, our highways could be kept In a great deal better condition than they are now, at no greater expense. Every farmer should be allotted a certain portion of road to drag and he should receive pay for doing It. This would be a much better use to put the money to than Is done with a lot of It now. difference. In the way they seemed to relish theae different feed. If the hogs are turned on the rape when !t is from 10 to 12 inches high tbey will eat It more readily than If It 1 more mature. Iinpe I one of the best emergency forage crops we have. A good rape pasture w.'ll give practically as good results as alfalfa. It can bu sown in feed yards and lots that are used through the winter and thue not only furnish a pasture to take the place of a shortage of alfalfa or clover pas ture but also provide a mean of utilising ground that would otherwise grow a crop of unsightly and worth less weeds. KEEP SHEEP ON DRY FARMS Almost Entire Product of Small Flock May Be Looked Upon a Profit - en Seml-Arld Land. ?By B. A. BURNETT. University of Ne braska.) Over much of the dry-farming area a few cheep can be kept at a prollt, and where a small flock of sheep I kept on a half section or land almost the entire product of tie flock may be looked upon as prollt, since it Is possible with a small flock of sheep to sell practically the same amount of grain produots as could be sold if they were not kept upon the farm. Farming In the great plains area should be adjusted to the conditions which obtain in years of average or sub-normal rainfall. In these years live stock will always be more profit able than exclusive grain farming. In years where rainfall Is largely In excess of the normal, grain farming Is likely to be more profitable, but since the Investment In labor Is nec essarily from $4.00 to 18.00 per acre upon each acre of the land under grain forming, a failure of grain causes a serious loss from which the farmer cannot easily recover. Live itock farming, while producing some what less revenue than grain in the moat favorable years, will produce more net profit than grain farming over any fifteen-year period with which the writer has had experience. Even In eastern Nebraska, where the corn crop Is looked upon as safe In at least eight years out of ten, live stock should be kept upon farms to consume the residue products and convert them Into merchantable form. The freight upon coarse products Is so high that they cannot be shipped long distances to market. Upon live stock and upon other concentrated products, freight Is relatively ' cheap, so that they may be shipped farther to market with profit. In this coun try bay can hardly be shipped more than two or three hundred miles at a profit, while butter may easily be produced In Nebraska and shipped wltb profit to Atlantic coast cities. The time must come throughout all the great plain area and the corn belt lying to the east of It when live stock will be considered a necessity In rood farm management. The business of growing our beef on great open ranges and fattening It In the corn belt is rapidly passing, and the tlmn. when we must grow beef on the farming lands of the corn belt Is already here. To do thl we must maintain breeding' herds on the farm and keep them under the beat meth ods practicable. Under dry-farm conditions a diver slty of crops should be used, striving to grow those which will mature un der normal conditions and furnish some grain to supplement the forage raised. In addition to that needed for live stock, some grain may be raised as a money crop. Fresh Air for Horse. Do not attempt to secure warmth In the stables by banking windows and closing everything up tightly. The horse Is a breathing animal and needs fresh air, but It should be supplied without exposure to draft. A Farmer Gold Mine. A good alio well filled Is the farm er's gold mine. BENEFIT OF CROP ROTATION Testimonial From High Authority Mr. Wilson of Nashville, Tenn, i famed tho world over for her wonderfully delicious cake. They are shipped to all part of the Globe for special affairs where the best of Cakes are demanded. This year, as in former years, Mrs. Wilson enjoys the distinc tion of making the President s Christmas Cake, using Calumet Baking Powder. Mrs. Wilson's Baking Motto is: "To have complete success with no failures, care should be used io selection of Baking Powder." BAKING POWDER Some tittle time ago 1 made a careful study and investigation of the baking powder subject and 1 feel fully repaid.. I am (irmly convinced from the results 1 have received that there is no baking powder to equal Calumet for wholetomeneas and economy, and I also recommend Calumet Baking Powder for its never fsiling results. December 9. 1913. Mrs. Betty Lyler Wilson. Calumet also received the Highest Awards at the World's Pure Food Exposition, Chicago and Paris, Franca, 1912. Buy a can of Calumet Baking Powder at once, and use it in your Holiday Bakings, making your Christmas Cakes as good as the President's. ss J WOULD HAVE THEM HANDY When Proper Tillage Methods Ar Followed Crops Will Suffer Less From Dry Weather. (By n. O. DONKOirUE. rroft-uor of Asrrnnnmy, North Dakota Agilculturcl Cnllese.) While all of the causes of low yields of the small grains cannot be removed, practically all that are of Immediate Importance can be con trolled in large measure by a well planned system of crop rotation. When crops are grown In rotation and proper tillage methods are followed, they will suffer less from dry weathor than when they are grown contlnu ously. Crop rotation is usually of more Importance than the methods of tillage used In this respect, although both are Important. In most rotations more roughage Is produced than can be disposed of by the work stock on the farm. Hence more animals must be kept and more manure produced to return to the land to keep up the supply of active organic matter. Caponlxlng Fowla. The large breeds are best for ca ponlxlng. A few months old capon Is no better than a cockerel. A capon will more readily put on fat and get large and prime after maturity. The object in caponlxlng la to secure qual ity and slxe, but quality Is the moat Important Age does not Impair a rnpon as It docs a cockerel, provided the bird hi not kept longer than a year and a half. Capons will have to mature before r.iey can got much flesh, and for that reason they cannot be sold while young. No poultry meat excels. If any equals, a half-grown guinea, split lown the back, broiled and buttered It la meaty, tender and of splendid flavor. Cross-Bred Hog. When the breeder heartlessly culls tut his sows that produce stock that never attains good site; when he promptly sends to the block the sow with small litters; when he gets out of his herd the peevish bogs and the hog of low vitality, then he will hear Married Man's Explanation of Large Order Will Be Understood by Many Similar Unfortunatea. A brlek Individual with the accumu lated look of 20 winters of married life entered a hardware shop and without waiting for preliminaries asked: "Do you keop hammers here?" "That la our Bpeclully, sir." "Put me down for a dozen. How about screwdrivers?" "Our great feature. Patent reversi ble or plain edge?" Give me a doien of each; If you have any other varieties I'll take 'em, too. How about gimlets?" "You are now mentioning our pet product. All styles." Give me all styles long, short, me dium, thick, thin, from the size of a needle to a picknx. Knwe?" "Of every description." "I'll take 'em say half a dozen or to cross cut, pluin, round and square. "It's down, sir. Can I Interest you In nails?" "You can Indued. I'll take some of all that you have, put up In separate packages; also tacks, bradu, screws rivet, staples everything. And I want hooks, every book you have, big and little. Also" The clerk leaned forward. Pardon me, sir," he said. "You seem like a sensible person. Unless you are opening up a business, 1 am at a loss to understand your require ments. "It is perfectly simple, sir," said the brisk person. "I have been married for 21 years, and not once since the ceremony have I been able to locate a single Implement when I wanted to put up a caloudar or do any other nec essary thing about the house, and the next time there Is need of anything done I am going, so far a human fore sight can provide tor It, to have the means instantly to put my Impulse In to play." Life. Of Contradictory Weight. "What doe you understan' by 'cir cumstantial evidence?'" asked Miss Miami Brown. "As near as I kin splaln It, f'um de way It has been splained to me," an swered Erasmus Plnkley, "circum stantial evidence I de feather dat you leaves lyln' round after you baa done et de chicken." 8low to Rsalixs. "My dear," aald Mr. Bickers to his wife, "I saw In the papers today a de cision or a Virginia court that the wife may. In soma cases, be the head of the family." "John Henry," replied Mrs. Bickers, "the courts are sometimes very alow In finding out things!" Puck. Plsin Prophecy. "What did the doctor tell you today about old Uncle Jake's condition?" "He was telling us that hi mean temperature was" "Telling you about bis mean tem perature, was he? That's no new. HvAt-vtmriv wkn Irtinuia IIrIa the cross-bred bos M, ,., - Bad Form to Be Amaxlng. J There are no posers on the grand scale now. Our musician have abort hair and play golf Authors cannot be distinguished from ordinary men. Art aludent are abandoning tbelr amazing clothes. Even poets have given up poetical locks, and Instead of writing pretty fancies worry us with poems or the outspoken natural school. Music Is In tweeds, literature Is In navy blue, and poetry Is In a bowler hat. Apparently there Is no chance of Hny return of affectation. The world becomes mere natural every duy, and every hour some neglected pose die a r.aturnl death. There are no startling uiid picturesque figures. The glitter lug Whistler was the Inst of the artis tic musters to pose, the last man will ing to spend an hour before a looking glass, the lnt man to use his own word who could be called "amazing." Kor now It Is bad form to be amaxlng, and every one Is expected to be as In significant ah possible. The only af fectation left Is the affectation of be ing natural. And there could not be a duller one. Posts, Up or Down? The agricultural experiment station or Ohio has been making some test a to which end or a post should be set In the ground. Parmer generally believe In planting It with the butt or root end upward, on the principle that, as It Is easier tor the sap to run up the tree than down It, setting the post upside down tends to prevent the rise or water and helps to keep the wood dry. The Ohio omclnis planted IBS black locust posts 20 years ago. One-third of those set top down have rotted off and only a little more than one sixth of those set lop up have met a similar rate. They reach the conclusion that there la no difference which end is put Into the ground, except that the sounder or longer end should have the preference. poet Sensible R-illxstlon. veuinn vvnere is the young tnese dayaT De Fonte Doing well. Always has a dollar and wears a new suit He's realized something. Quinn Sold some of his ooema. eh? De Fonte No. realized that he Is not a poet and got a job as book keeper. your Recresnt Auditor. 'You went to sleep during wire's speech." 'Yes," replied Mr. Meekton. "Hen. rletta has been rehearsing that speech for a week. I told her I bad better not come here. I knew something Ilk this would happen if the couldn't shout 'Are you listening, Leonldaa?' every now and then." Cranky Speeders. TJark Ever notice these motorist winding up their machine In front? Every auto must carry a irank. ' UJonks Yes, from the way some motorists yell at pedvstrlan some auto must carry two or three cranks.