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CLOVIS, NEW MEXICO, NEWS
Modest Dwelling in Which All the
Modern Ideas of Comfort
PANTRY IN PROPER POSITION
For Purposes for Which II I Intended
Apartment Should Bo, It li In
Thle Case, Placed on the Out
elde of tho Houio Meina
Ssvlng of Labor.
Mr. William A. Hartford will answer
nui'ntluna nd alve ailvlre KREh! OK
COST on all auhJei'H pnrtalnlnK to the
euhject of building, fur the rvadvra of tlila
papar. On account of hln wide experience
ea lid 1 1 or, Author anil Manufacturer, he
la, without dotiht, the hlirtient authority
on all thpae eubjiete. Adilrcaa all Inquiries
lo William A. Kurlford, No. 1827 Prairie
avenut. Oilman, in., and only encloae
iwo-cenc atamp for reply.
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD.
The expression, a "two-story bunga
low" wlilcli we often bear Is a mis
nomer. Properly speaking, a bunga
low Is but one story high, and Is cov
ered with a roof having very little
pitch to It. But wo are always Im
proving things. It would be utterly
impossible for the bungalow to travel
across tho contlnont from California
as fur east as Chicago without receiv
ing the Inventive attentions of th
western sons of our "Down-East" Yen
In this plan we have a dwelling of
nioaeat dimensions, being 25 feet from
front to rear, and 32 feet In width,
with a four-foot extension to make
room for a pantry, in this way we
got three splendid rooms on the first
floor, and they are well arranged for
both convenience and looks.
Pantries were never properly built
until this outside attachment was hit
npon. It was born of necessity, like
many other valuable Inventions, and
was Improved upon as occasion de
manded. Pantries are Intended for
the storage of food, both cooked and
otherwise. Naturally, pantries should
bo kept as cool as possible, and they
should be well ventilnted at all times.
Light Is a necessity, and convenience
Is very Important, for the pantry Is
place to store canned Jrult, butter,
eggs, and such groceries as a person
likes to buy in quantities and keep
The fruit room and the pantry
above were connected by means of a
dumb-waiter, which has lust a box
about a foot equare and three feet
long, vertically open on the front aide,
and fitted with two shelves In the
middle. There waa a pulley near the
celling In the pantry, and a rope with
a counterweight on the other end
which balanced the boi eo that it
would slide easily up and down. With
this couvenlence it was never neces
sary to tote things up or down cellar.
Only one trip below waa necessary at
any meal time. Very often the box
Itsfelf contained everything needed,
and It was only a minute's work to
pull it up Into the pantry.
Another feature In this little house,
that Is quite new. Is the stairway
built around the big chimney. It hot
only looks well from the large living
room, but It occupies the least impor
tant corner of the house; and It lands
you upstairs In the middle of the hall,
In close proximity to the doors leading
BcdRm. , uALLBeoRM.
IVXIi'O- I I lo'OKW
WORK AT BELTSV1LLE GOVERNMENT FARM
Y' m Or
I lit ;ii 0 IE- : I - I H
Horse Barn Ereoted In 1912.
Second Floor Plan.
Into the different rooms. Under this
stair are the steps leading to the cel
lar, so that space Is economized to
the best advantage.
The material for the walls Is con
crete, preferably run In molds with
provision made fur dead air spaces.
on the holiow wall principle, as this
makes the warmest house because It
prevents dampness. And it Is the
cheapest construction If you take last-
ng qualities Into consideration.
A maaslve effect Is given by the
heavy loggia piers. And thla loggia,
by the way, is considered one of the
most attractive parts of the whole
house. The square onenlnzs nre eas-
visited many times during the prepa
ration of each inenl, and meals come
along regulnrfy three times a day In
niott healthy families. You can't have
a cool pantry, and have It built In the
body of the house along with the
other rooms, especially In a furnace
In one little house where a pantry
attachment like this was built on, the
apace below was made Into a cold
fruit room. The main cellar well was
carried across solid and atralght, ex
cept ror a doorway; and a good, heavy
door waa hung In the opening. The
outalde wall under the pantry was car
ried up In the same solid way, and a
good ouMde window put In, which
r" ' v J"' I " tall
LL - . I its',! i"""1-! -rf -
I ' f . f ' : l s I
i i .
No. 507M xr
,5'0XIV II OrhncRm 1
First Floor Plan.
was covered with a fine wire screen.
Shelve were built In this fruit room
against the outside wall, from near
the cement floor clear up to the cell
ing. As tb room la eight fnet six
Inches long this gave considerable
helf room; and it proved a splendid
lly fitted with fly screens, so It Is
adnpted for an outdoor summer par
lor; and the size Is sufficient to be of
some use, ss It Is 10 feet wide and 20
The moms upstairs are stolen from
the roof space. And they are right
nice little rooms, too. When 1 think
back a few years to the time when
all auch room room was counted as
aula space, good oaf y for storage of
old truck, It Is easy to realize to what
extent small bouses have been Im
proved. Instead of a dark, dingy loft,
without floor, partition, or daylight,
we now have three bedrooms and a
aplendld bathroom with hot and cold
water, the same as In large, expen
Then. In the matter ef light, what a
change! We have here 14 windows
for four rooms and one stairway
which certainly looks like a liberal
allowance, even for these timea of ex
It has taken us a long time to learn
t'uat we can build an elegant small
house as well as an elegant large
house, and we are just commencing
to put our knowledge to some practi
cal use. Such cottages as this are be
coming common In the more enter
prising suburbs of the larger cities;
and the indications are that they will
continue to grow In popularity, for
they meet the requirements of flat
dwellers, who have become heartily
sick of living In dungeons.
The estimated cost of this homelike
place la 12,500.
In the summer of 1910 the depart
ment of agriculture purchased a farm
of 47S acres at Belleville, Maryland,
whloh Is about twelve miles from the
city of Washington, to be used for
experimental work In animal breeding
and feeding, and related subjects.
About 190 acres of this are devoted
to dairy interests, and the remainder
(of which about 95 acres are timber
land) to other branches of animal hus
On this farm many problems of
economto Importance to the public,
and particularly to the agricultural
public, are given much attention. The
farm work la done largely by mares.
some of which are purebred Percher-
ons, and the other grades. These
mares are bred to a Percheron atal
Hon, and therefore not only earn their
living by the farm work they do, but
In addition produce foals. In the sum
mer of 1913 the Imported Percheron
stallion Iaolant 63096 (78859) waa pur
chased by the department. He Is a
large, black stallion, compact and well
muscled, standing 17 hands In height
and weighing more than a ton.
During the full of 1912, 20 weanling
horse foals and 20 weanling mule foals
were purchased for the purpose of de
termining the comparative costs of
raising these under farm conditions
from the time of weaning until they
are old enough ror work purposes. A
careful record Is being kopt of all
costs, Including tfiat of breaking, and
full credit will be given to the animals
for the amount of work done by them.
It la expected that the test will be
closed in 1916, when all of the anl
mala will be old enough for work pur
There Is on the farm a flock of the
Barbados woolless sheep. These sheep
are very proline, commonly having
three and occasionally tour lambs at
birth. They will also conceive at any
time of the yeer. Barbados ewes are
' being graded up by the use of pure
bred Southdown rams and selections
! are determined mainly by the prolifi
cacy and frequency of lambing, with a
view to producing good mutton confor
mation with ability to breed early for
winter lambs. The Darbados have
also been crossed with Merinos. The
great difference in the fleeces and
breeding habits of the Barbados and
the Southdown and Merino yields very
valuable material In the crossbred
and their offspring for studying the
manner of Inheritance of wool and
Another Industry attracting consid
erable attention la that of the produc
tion of Persian lamb aklna, which are
the product of the young of the Kara
kule or Arbl sheep which are native
to Russian Turkestan. The Industry
In this country Is In Its Infancy and
there Is great need of more Informa
tion regarding It The department In
Its work at the farm la crossing a
Karakule ram on Cotswold, Leicester,
Cheviot and Lincoln ewes, and has
also made croeaea on Barbados ewea.
This work has not been carried far
enough to determine just bow valu
able the skins from such crosses will
be In this country.
In connection with the two experi
ments mentioned, about 100 head of
ewes are kept. A roomy and conve
niently arranged barn for bousing
sheep and goats has just been com
pleted and will render It possible to
test methods of winter feeding of "hot
house" lambs and breeding ewea. Dur
ing summer months the sheep are car
ried upon a succession of forage crops
with a view to determining the best
plans of planting and grazing forage
crops In eastern states.
For the past few years there has
been great interest In the milch goat,
which haa often been balled as the
poor man's cow. Today, however,
goata In this country which are good
milkers sell for as much as the aver
age dairy cow. On the continent of
Europe, particularly Switzerland,
breeds of goata which are heavy milk
ers have been developed, but on ac
count of the prevalence of animal dl-
fii in-i . .a I
Every ewe from Seville, long famed
as the home ef the world's but olive.
Oely the p4ck el the crap ie offered se
row under the Ubby label.
Sweet, Sour and Dill Pickles
Natnre'e flneet, pal p Uce the ttosne
sude kind and all your trouble saved.
I his extra quality Is true of
all Libby't Pickles and Ceo.
almeats and there) is real
la their nse
Common Doe and Her Kid, Sired by
senses In continental Europe tbelr Im
portation Is prohibited. In order lo de
termine the value of the milch goat
blood In crossing on our native atocfa
a flock of common does was obtained,
and these were bred to Saanen and
Toggenburg bucks. Milk records were
kept of the native does, and such rec
ords will be kept of the half-bred does.
In order to obtain a comparison.
A herd of hogs Is maintained for
the purpose of studying breeding and
feeding problems. A modern, sanitary
houso has been built, and equipped
for conducting this work. There are
also a number of small portable houses
with sufficient space for a sow and lit
ter or two or three mature pigs.
At the farm house there Is also
laboratory for the study of breeding
questions. There are usually about
1,000 guinea pigs on hand, represent
ing 20 families. The effects of In
breeding are being studied as the re
sults from auch Investigations with
guinea pigs throw light upon princi
ples that operate In larger animals.
Results that suggest the existence
of laws of Inheritance In these small
animals can be tested out on larger
animals. By using guinea plgs'a great
saving In time Is erected. It Is possi
ble to secure three generations In a
year, thus showing the effects of any
special method of breeding In a frac
tion of the time needed with sheep or
cattle and at much smaller expense.
your complexion troubles with your
powder pud no need of either
when you uso pure, harmless
"The ALL DAY BEAUTY POWDER"
At all dealers or by mail joe.
Zona Co., Wichita, Kansas.
For Bad Burns.
Don't thrust a burned root or hand
Into cold water. It relieves for a
moment, only to be followed by an In
crease of pain, peeling oft of the cuti
cle, and very frequently by ulceration
of the wound. Don't tie up In a dry
cloth; all woven material Is porous
and admits air. Don't drag off the
clothing. Don't rub or cut off the
banging akin. Your object when
called upon to treat a burn la at once
to exclude air. For this purpose noth
ing Is better than oil of some sort.
Paraffin is not a bad thing, or vase
line, or common olive oil, or lard and
butter, if both be entirely without salt
First Aid for Everyday Accidents.
Ho My dear, our neighbor, Mr.
Smith, tho paper says this morning, Is
a bachelor of arts. '
She Then the paper doesn't know
what It's talking about. You know as
welt aa I do that Smith Is a married
"Do you suppose these women of
fashion and society over Indulge In
"Well, what do you sujipose they
have all those boudoir mirrors and
pier glasses for?"
If a man experts to convince bis
wife that ho Is a genius ho must get
buBy during the courtship.
wags say Noah
The wags say Noah used ark
"No, If the ark had pitch within
and without. It must have been pltct
1 r. n
f III'1 1 3 " -
. Sheep Bam Erected In 1912.
Crape for Rotation.
When we conelder that the rich pro
tein crops are also the great soil Im
provers It behooves us to make stren
uous effort to get one or more of these
crops In our rotation.
HIT THE SPOT.
Poetum Knocked Out Coffee Alls.
There's a good deal of satisfaction
and comfort in hitting upon the right
thing to rid one of the varied and
conatant ailments caused by coffee
"Ever since I can remember,"
writes an Ind. woman, "my father
has been a lover of his coffee, but the
continued use of it so affected his
stomach that be could scarcely eat at
"Mother had coffee-headache and
dizziness, and if I drank coffee for
breakfast I would taste it all day and
usually go to bed with a headache.
"One day fathe. brought home a
pkg. of Poatum recommended by our
grocer. Mother made it according to
directions on the box and It just "hit
tho spot" It has a dark, seal-brown
color, changing to golden brown when
cream Is added, and a snappy taste
similar to mild, high-grade coffee, and
we found that Its continued use speed
ily put an end to all our coffee Ills.
"That was at leaat ten years ago
and Postum has, from that day to
thla, been a standing order of father's
"When I married, my husband was
a great coffee drinker, although he
admitted that It hurt him. When I
mentioned Postum he said he did not
like the taste of It I told blm I
could make It taste all tight He
smiled and said, try It The result
was a success, he won't have any
thing but Postum."
Name given by Postum Co., Battle
Creek. Mlcb. Read "The Road to
Wellvllle," in pkgs.
Postum now comes In two forms:
Regular Poetum must be well
boiled 15c and 25o packages.
Instant Postum Is a soluble pow
der. Made In the cup with sot wa
ter no boiling 30c and 60o Ins.
The cost per cup of both Unds I
about the same.
There's a Reason" for Poam.
l ti Qrooern,