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THE CLOVIS NEWS
NEW SWITCHING LOCOMOTIVE A 300 Horse-Power Gasoline Switching Locomotive. From the Bclentlflc American. STOPS TRAIN AT ONCE DEVICE 8EEM3 TO END POSSIBIL ITY OF COLLISIONS. Most Thorough Testa Are 8ald to Have Demonstrated Value of the Invention Beyond All Possi bility of Doubt. At last a dtvice has been Invented and successfully tested which appears to solve the problem of preventing rullroud coIIIbIoiis. This device goes to the root of the mutter, acting au tomatically with the proper setting of truin signals and relieving the loco motive engineer of all responsibility. Whenever the xafety of the train and Its htiniuu freight depends on a sud dou stop, this device Insures, without human Intervention, the clotting of the throttlo and the Belting of the air brakes. Tho most drastic tents covering a period of moro Ihun a year on 107 miles of doublo truck equipped with 9il locomotives, made a triumphant showing In which there was not one fuilure of the device to operate. The device and Its operation are thus de scribed in a recent Issue of the Hall way Ago Gazette: The uppuratus is electro-mcchunlciil, o called. A rump fixed on the ties, 22 inches outsldo ot the track rail, en gages a member depending from the engine. The ramps are fixed in the rear of euch automatic block cignul a sufficient dlKtuiice to allow room In which to Htop fust trulns. The rump, when not electrified, cuusos an appli cation of tho air brakes; when elec trified, It energizes an electro magnet S'the engine which prevents the op ition of the bruke applying apparat us. There is no visual or audible sig nal, and no speed recorder; neither Is the operution of the uppurutus affected In any way by the speed of tho train; though these additional fea'ures have been worked out, so that they could be readily applied. Each ramp is 10 feet long with a short Insulated section In the middle, making virtually two contact pieces. The outgoing end of the ramp Is kept constantly electrified, so that an en gine moving backward, as In switch ing operations, would never be topped. The ramps are made of 35 pound standard T-iron. The contact member on the loco motive consists of a shoe fustened to the bottom of a vertically mova ble piston working agulnst a strong spring, the whole being supported on the back end of thu croBshead guides. The piston is raised three Inches when it engages the ramp, the ramp being three l.ichcs higher In the cen ter than at the point near the end where the shoe strikes It. The movement of the piston opens a valve, allowing air pressure f.om the airbrake train line to enter a small air cylinder In the cab of the locomotive. This pressure forces a piston upward; and this piston oper ates a crank controlled by an elec tric lock. The lock, mounted on an axle, revolves If It magnet Is de energized, but does not revolve If the magnet is energized. Revolving, an arm attached to It operates a three ported valve, allowing air pressure from the train line to enter the oper ating cylinder. . This oiens the en glneman's air-brake valve, giving a service application of the frakes, and closes the throttle. The electric lock Is operated by a current from the roadside battery con veyed through a wire extending frcrtn the shoe upward through a pipe to the box In the locomotive cab which contains the lock Thus the absence of the electric cur rent at a ramp, from any cause, will result in the application of the air brakes. There la train line pressure In all pipes, and a failure of pipes or Weir connection also causes a stop. Largest Locomotive. A hundred years ago the first loco motive weighed about six tons, and drew eight loaded cars. At present the largest locomotive reported to he In use Is a huge compound engine which measures 120 feet over all and weighs 750,000 pounds. It Is an oil burner and carries 4,000 gallons of oil and 12.000 gallons of water. It cost $45,000 to build. These giants have reached a point where one locomotive Is so long that It is hinged in the middle with a flexible Joint so that It can turn a curve without upsetting. ID "MOTIVE POWER IS GASOLINE Switching Locomotive That Can Be Operated at Comparatively Small Expense. In some places It la considered a luxury to use a switching locomotive because of the expense of malnten tunce and the consumption of fuel, while the locomotive Is not In service, says the Scientific American. Hence,' unless there Is enough work for the locomotive to do the 24 hours of the day the work of switching Is done by the engines of freight trains. Iu order to provide a suitable locomotive for such conditions, In which there will bo a minimum of expense for opera tion and no expense during the Idlo hours of the locomotive, a gasoline switching engine has been designed and Is now In use at Matador, Texas. A photograph of this locomotive Is shown herewith. It has a 300 horse power engiuo and exercises a tractive effort of 12.000 pounds, at six miles per hour. Tho engine is of six-cylinder type, with cylinders II by 15 inches. Tho power transmission, which Is pneumatically opcruted, is effected by means of a sprocket on thu crankshaft connected by chain to a sleeve working free on the rear driv ing axlo and Is then transferred under multiple disk friction-clutch to the for ward driving axle, where, by an oc t a roon clutch, the power Is either mag nilled by a series of gears to produce heavy tractive effort and high toniue for sturtiiig processes, or Is delivered (I I red to the driving wheels. Once the locomotive Is lu motion the gearB are cut out, and tt is operated by the direct c( nn rtlon. FEWER ACCIDENTS ON LINES Safety Devices and Greater Care Have Reduced the Number in Grati fying Degree. TIip recidents on Vnlted 8tates rail roads in proportion to the total num ber of pussengers varies widely from yetir to vear. The table shows that In IHOii the amazing toll of 2,550 deaths occurred among the employees of rail muds, while 40,000 were injured In other words, one man was killed for every 400 employees and one for every 20 was Injured. The ratio improved In the next ten years, when only one man was killed for every 571 em ployees. In I0OO there wore 294 passengers killed nnd 4.000 Injured The statis tics show that In 1900 one passenger wns killed for every 2,216,601 carried; while for every 140,000 passengers one was Injured. In 1010 only one passenger wns killed for every 3.500,000 carried. Dur ing the last year 270 passengers were killed In railroad accidents, 2,000 em ployees, .000 trespassers and 1,200 others, not trespassers, making the total for the year about ten thousand, aa compared with 9,900 In 1911 and 9,082 in 1910. During the Inst year the railroads paid out on account of injuries a total of $27,640,851. 8 hows Perils of Rail Men. The hazardous nature of the work of locomotive firemen and engineers formed the subject of the testimony presented at Chicago before the fed eral board of arbitration hearing the wage dispute of 65,000 employees and 98 western railroads. About 50 per cent of the firemen on western roads "die with their boots on," according to A. H. llawley, grand secretary-treasurer of the firemen's brotherhood. Forty-seven per cent, be said, die In service and from railroad accidents. "Of 1.224 disabilities reported to the brotherhood, 691 were caused by blind ness and amputation," Mr. Hawley tes tified. For the last ten years there have been 6,026 deaths of brotherhood member and 1,224 disabilities. Railroader as Citizens. The management of the Ruffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh railroad has promulgated a new code of operating rules wherein Is set forth the close io lationshlp the rosd la endeavoring to establish with employees and Its de sire that the latter shall be not only safe and reliable railroad men, but val uable and valued citizens of their re spective communities, aa well. To that end employees are adjured to main tain a correct attitude toward the pub lic at all times, as well as to do their duty to the best of their ability a:id are given assurance that everyone Is regarded by the management as In line for promotion, preferment depend ing wholly upon himself. Mistaken Diagnosis Doctors Guess Wrong Again About five yean ago I wrote to you that I had been a terrible sufferer from kidney and bladder trouUca, and that my phy sician informed me that my left kidney waa in auch condition that there wai no hope for my recovery. I waa advised to try your Swamp-Root aa a last retort, nod after taking four lifty-cent sue bottlea, I patted a gravel atone which weighed ten grains. I afterwards forwarded you this gravel atone. Have had no return of any trouble since that time and cannot say too much in favor of your wonderful pre paration, Swamp-Root, which cures, af ter physicians fail. Very truly your", F. If. IIORNE, Route S, Box 30. Roncboro, N. C. Personally appeared before me, this Slat day of July, lOtfl, F. 11. Home, who subscribed the above statement and made oath that the same is true in mitwtance and in fact. JAMKS M. If ALL, Notary Public. Letter to Dr. Kilmer l Co. BlnShsmton, N. Y. Prove What Swamp-Root Will Do For You Send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer ft Co., Hinplmmtnn, N, Y for a sample size bottle. It will convince anyone. You will also receive a booklet of valuable in formation, telling about the kidneys and bladder. When w rit inn, be sure nnd men tion this pnper. Regular fifty-cent and one-dollar size bottles for tule at alt drug itores. Adv. Its Ambition. . "Wheut Is going up." "Well, suppose it's after the (ough." DISTRESSING PIMPLES Removed by Cuticura Soap and Oint ment. Trial Free. Smear them with the Ointment Wash off lu live minutes with Cuti cura Soap and hut water and continue bathing for some minutes. Repeat on rising and retiring. These fragrant supercreamy emollients do much for the skin, and do It quickly. Sample each free by mall with Book. Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. XY, Iioston. Sold everywhere. Adv. Advantage of Silencer. This crash of the bullet makes the value of the Maxim silencer very little, so far as military efficiency is con cerned, In the way thut the fiction writer Imagines the silencer to be use ful, but not to prevent tho enemy from discovering the position of tho men firing as many fancy. Its value lies in the fact that It eliminates fully half of the recoil of the rille from the action of the gases In Its chatvl ers, nnd it gives thp offi cers much better control over the Are, because of the lessened noise of the rifles. It cms down the roar of the Springfield to about the noise of the 25-20 nnd thus the ronr of thp rifles at the firing line Is much reduced, and the commands of the officers can be heard. Outing. Limits In Literature. "You've read 'The Heavenly Twins?' asked an Englishman of an Irishman. "Yes, I have." "And the Sorrows of Satan?"' "Yes." "And you have rend 'looking Back ward ?" "How the devil could I do that?" asked Pat. - Sure Enough. Bacon It Is stated that it takes an iverngo of 5.SG7 bullets to kill a sin gle man in the present war. Egbert Why, where in the world ire the Innocent bystanders? Last year In the United States 133 men lost their lives In the manufac ture of explosives. KNOW NOW And Will Never Forget the Experience). The coffee drinker who has suffered and then been completely relieved by changing from coffee to Postuni know something valuable. There's no doubt about It, "I learned the truth about coffee In a peculiar way," says a California wom an. "My husband who has, for years, been of a bilious temperament decided to leave off coffee and give Post urn a trial, and as 1 did not want the trouble of making two beverages for meals I concluded to try Postum, too. The re sults have been that while my husband has been greatly benefited, I have my self received even greater benefit "When I began to drink Postum I was thin In flesh and very nervous. Now ! actually weigh 16 pounds more than I did at that time and I am stronger physically and In my nerves, while husband Is free from all his alls. "We have learned our little lesson about coffee and we know something about Postum, too, for we have used Postum now steadily for the last three years and we shall continue to do so. "We have no more use for coffee the drug drink. We prefer Postum and health." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Rend "The Road to Well vllle." In pkgs. Postum comes In two forms: Regular Postum must be well boiled. 15c and 25c packages. Instant Postum Is a soluble powder. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly In a cup of hot watpr nnd. with cream and sugar, makes a delicious beverage In stantly. 30c and 50c tins. The cost per cup of both kinds Is about the same. "There's a Reason" for Postum. sold bv Grocers GROWING FRUIT ON DRY LAND Important Point to Remember It to Plant All Tree and 8ma.l Plants Farther Apart Than Cuatcm. (By JOHN ROBERTSON. Hot Springs. B. r.) In growing fruit without Irrigation, all trees and small fruit plants must be planted farther apart than la the custom. This is a very Important point to remember. Where there Is little rainfall and a dry subsoil, each tree or plant must have enough Indi vidual surface surrounding it to draw moisture from, according to Us size and nature of growth. We cannot get something for nothing, nor can we grow plants without moisture; and they must have enough to do their best Those who are planting apple trees 16 feet apart each way on dry subsoil land cannot succeed. This Is Just as certain as that two given numbers make a certain sum In a mathematical problem. Apple trees should not be planted closer than 30 feet apart each way. They will not need all the moisture between them at this dis tance apart until ten or twelve years old, and small fruits or other crops may be grown between them till about this age, but one must use care and Judgment as to how much or how long to crop between the trees. It Is bet ter to make the mistake of cropping too little than too much. Trees plant ed 16 feet apart will grow as well as those 30 feet apart for the first ten years, If there is nothing plnnted be tween them, but after, about that time there will not be moisture enough to supply the Increasing drain mnde as they grow larger. Even If three fourths of the trees were dug out, noth ing would have been gained, for the orchard would only be starting to bear paying crops of fruit; while if the rows are 30 feet apart, and one row of small fruit plants are set between each two rows of trees, by the time the trees need all the moisture, the Binnll fruits will have done their best, and one can dig them up, feeling he has been well repnld. It is Important, too, that the outside row of any kind of trees or plants bo planted not closer than 15 feet from a prairie grass growing border. There is little mois ture under a prairie sod after a long dry spell. Tho hind should be In thorough cul tivation before trees are plantpd, and the last plowing should be extra deep, because It Is not going to be plowed again and should be in condition to take in a heavy rainfall. No expensive tools are required; simply a strong 12-Inch plow set to run deep and a good team to pull It. MUCH IMPROVED DIRT ROADS Intelligent Use of Drag Will Benefit Roadway, No Matter What the Nature of the Soil Is. The dirt road can be very much Im proved by the intelligent use of the road drag. This has been proved be yond a doubt In the states that have legislated In favor or road dragging. No matter what the soil, the Intelli gent use of the drag will Improve the roadway. Mind you, I used the word Intelligent, says a writer In Success ful Farming. A sandy soil Is hard to handle. Where gravel Is available a gravel containing considerable clay a sur facing of six or eight Inches with this mnterlal will greatly benefit a sandy road. The first thing essential In road Im provement Is good drainage. You first get the water away from the sides of the road so the deep-seated road bed can dry out and harden. When the side drainage Is perfect, then the next essential Is to crown the road so that surface drainage off the road is perfect. Even a dirt road cannot get very muddy If the water has no chance to stand In the wheel tracks With surface water eliminated, and ditch water taken care of, the roadbed cannot soften very much. Every highway, whatever its con struction, should be patrolled by a man who ts on the lookout for clogged ditches and the breaking of the road surface. A shovel In the hands of a road walker will do more to make good roads than the most elaborate outfit used only when roads become Impassable. TIME FOR PLANTING ALFALFA Best Results Secured by Doing Work in Wettest 8eason of the Year Avoid Crust on Soil. It Is very Important when planting the teed that no crust should form above tt therefore It Is advisable when using a press drill to plant only when the top Inch Is dry. The drill with chain drags rhould be used In clay soli or in moist weather. Half an Inch to an Inch Is the best depth to plant It In sandy soil, but In clay loam even less I better. The best time to plant alfalfa Is the wettest season of the year. The seed Is small. It cannot be put In very deep, and If It sprouts and then dries out before the next rain comes It Is gone. For this reason we do not recommend fall planting. Some have been successful with late planting and recommend it to their neighbors, but taking It by and large we find that only about 40 per cent obtain a stnnd, while spring planting gives over 75, when the plowing and other work has been properly done. Cut Down Horse's Feed. Aa tlio hard work eases up on the horses cut dowrt their feed accord-Inelv. OlinflTP TUntT onuuio i hull, THEN KILLS SELF MAN, FOR LOVE OF GIRL 8LAY8 HER FATHER, SHOOTS MOTHER AND WOUNDS DETECTIVE. RICH MINING MAN SLAIN HIGHWAYMEN SHOOT WM. DICK A8 HE DRIVES IN AUTO ON LA VETA ROAD. Weilern NeWiipapcr L'nlun Nei Hi-rvlce. Denver. Frenzied when told ho must cease his attention towurd their 12-year-old daughter, Carmello, and was ordered away from their home, Paul Rigo, an Italian railroad luborer, 53 yeurs old, shot and probably fatally wounded Mary Sacco, 00 yeurs old, turned his weapon on her huubund, I. nca, CO, and inflicted wounds which cuused his death an hour later In the county bcspitul. Then ts three city detect hid closed ' In on liigo m ar the Sacco home, the : enraged man placed oiut of his two revolvers against bis right ear, and ' with the other weapon opened fire 'on Detectives Peter Curr, JanitM ! Kramer and Coleman Bell, dangerous ly wounding the latter. When tho lust shell from his auto matic pistol had been fired at the of ficers, Hlgo killed himself with the remaining shell In the revolver Willi which he had shot Sacco and his wife. 1 he tragedy wus enacted in tho Ital ian colony In North Denver. Mining Man Shot From Ambush. Wulsenburg, Colo., Feb. 15. William Dick, 45, director of the First National Hank of Wulxuiihurg, one of the own ers of the Oukview coal mine and a pnrtner In the ow'nershlp of the Huer fano and Plnon Trading Companies, which supply a chain of stores throughout southern Colorado, wus shot from ambush and Instantly killed, four miles from Wnlsenburg, Saturday afternoon, whtlo driving to the Ohk view mine w.th $0,500 In cash to be used in paying tho men. Dick wns at the wheel of a big ma chine when the shots were fired from behind a bridge, about fifty feet awuy. He was struck by the first bullet and released his hold upon the wheel. The car, which wus traveling rapidly, ca reened, crashed through an irrigating ditch and turned upon Its side. Thu assuRsins, who until that time had been collect led behind u.e bridge, then ran to his side and seurched his pock ets. The turning over of tho car un doubtedly suve.l the cash, as the money was pinned beneath the rear seat, where It hud been concealed. (itibriel L. Murphy, a Wulsenburg liv eryman, was the only witness to the crime. He wus driving toward the mh.e. about l.alf a mile behind Dick, when he heard the shots. Looking up, he saw tho car dash from tho road and turn over. Two men. he says, sprang from the bridge and ran to the wrecked machine. Murphy then turned his horse about and drove at break neck speed to Wnlsenburg, where he notified Sheriff Jeff Farr, and posses were organized, which scoured the hills, and are believed to be closing In on the assassins from three sides from whnt ts believed to be their hiding place In the hills. The spot where the killing took place Is in an exceedingly lonesome country, on the road to the o. ...i ,k. mini., nnd die slayers had plenty of time for concealment In the neighboring hills. Guard Shot by Union Heed Dies. Butte, Mont. Thomas Mimro, the speclul mine guurd shot by Hurry Rob inson, a labor leader, died here. NEW THREAT TO NEUTRALS. Ships Face in Sea Zone Same Risks as If In Battle Line. The Hague. Feb. 15. The German legation has agoln warned neutral ves sols ngn!nst entering the war area around the British Isles as defined by the German Admiralty, and to the original note adds the following: "Since Germany, following tho ex ample of Great Britain, declared as a war zone on and after Feb. 18, Eng lish ana Irish waters, the British have declared all the ports of England war ports, and have justified tho use of neutral flags on merchant vessels. Germany, therefore, ts again obliged to warn all neutral ships against en tering English roast waters after Feb. 18 as from that date the German Ad miralty will prosecute the war with all means at Ita disposal against British war ports and British armed mer chant ships." Resclnda Rifle Sale Ban. Washington. Secretary Garrison has rescinded his order of last month prohibiting the sale of army rifles to Natlonnl Rifle Association clubs. Kaiser Invites Gerard to Meet Him. Iondon, Feb. 15. The German Em peror, according to an Exchange Tele g.nph dispatch from The Hague, has Invited the American ambassador to Germany, James W. Gerard, to a con ference at Eastern headquarters. Gov. Carlson Past Danger Point. Denver, Feb. 15. The crisis in the condition of Gov. Carlson, who has pneumonia, has been passed safely, ac cording to his physician, nnd the gov ernor Is now on the road to recovery. MOTHEfi! LOOK AT CHIiLTOHGUE If cross, feverish, constipated, give "California Syrup of Figs" A lax tflve today saves a alck child tomorrow. Children simply will not take the time from play to empty their bowels, which become clogged up with waste, liver gets sluggish; stomach sour. Look at the tongue, mother! If coat ed, or your child Is listless, cross, fev erish, breath bad, restless, doesn't eat heartily, full or cold or has sore throat or any other children's ailment, give a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of FigB," then don't worry, because It If perfectly harmless, and In a few hour all this constipation poison, sour bile and fermenting waste will gently move out of the bowels, and you have a well, playful child again. A thor ough "Inside cleansing" Is ofttimes all that Is necessary. It should be the first treatment given In any sickness. Beware of counterfeit fig syrupi. Ask at the store for a 60-oent bottle of 'California Syrup of FigR," which has full directions for bnblps, children of all ages and for grown-ups plainly printed on the bottle. Adv. An Old Contention. "How did she happen to decide thut ho was her soul mute?" "Ho wus demonstrating a new dance at her house and broke a costly vase." "I don't see how she figured thai out." "Neither do I, but there is a great deal In the philosophy of women that can't ho figured out." SAGE TEA AND SULPHUR DARKENS YOUR GRAY HAIR, Look Years Younger! Try Grandma'! Recipe of Sage and 8ulphur and Nobody Will Know. Almost everyone knows that Sage Tea and Sulphur properly compound ed, brings buck the nutural color and lustre to the hair when faded, streaked or gray; also ends dandruff, Itching scalp and Btops fulling hair. Years ago the only way to get this mixture was to make it at home, which la mussy and troublesome. Nowadays we simply ask at any drug store for "Wyetb'a Sage and Sul phur Hair Remedy." You will get (a large bottle for about 60 cents. Every body uses this old, famous recipe, be cause no one can possibly tell that you darkened your hair, as It does It so naturally and evenly. 'You dampen a sponge or soft brush with it and draw this through your hair, taking one small strand lit a time; by morn ing the gray hair disappears, and after another application or two, your lair becomes beautifully dark, thick and glosBy and you look years younger. Adv. The day has passed when we can pretend to know things. People want to he shown. A GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT, Mr. F. C. Case of Welcome Lake. Pa., writes: "I suffered with Back ache and Kidney Trouble. My bead ached, my sleep was bioken and un- refresbing. I felt heavy and sleepy after meals, was always nervous and tired, bad a bitter taste In my mouth, was dizzy, had floating specks beforj my 'eyes, was alwaji thirsty, had t dragging sensation across my loins, difficulty In collecting my thought and was troubled with short ness of breath. Dodda Kidney Pills have cured me of these complaints. Dodds Kidney Pills have done their work and done It well. You are at liberty to publish this letter for the benefit of any sufferer who doubts the merit of Dodds Kidney Pills." Dodds Kidney Pills, 50c. per box at your dealer or Dodda Medicine Co, Buffalo, N. Y. Write for Household Hints, Dainty Recipes; also music of National Anthem. All I tent free. Adv. t A man may boast of bis ancestors because he has nothing to look for ward to. IS EPILEPSY CONQUERED? New Jersey Physician Said to Have Many Cures to His Credit Red Bank, N. J. (Special). Advlcee from every direction fully confirm pre vious reports that the remarkable treatment for epilepsy being adminis tered by the consulting physician of the Kline Laboratories, of this city, la achieving wonderful results. Old and stubborn cases have been greatly bene fited and many patients claim to have been entirely cured. Persons suffering from epilepsy should write at once to Kline Labora tories, Branch 48, Red Bank, N. J., for a supply of the remedy, which is be ing distributed gratuitously. Adv. It's surprising how many things yon 'an find to criticize and how very few to commend. Ready money Is seldom ready whea you wont to borrow some. M- F. C. Case.