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The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920, October 12, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93062856/1899-10-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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What He Thinks of the Common Problems of Human Life
and EndeavorCharacter Study By His Friends
His Tribute to His Political FoeThe Soft
Side of His Character
This is not iOn interview with Bourke
Cockran It Ss a statement of what he
stands for and what he is based on
laThs with him and those who know
him bestpolitical friends and political
opponents The man seems to be with
I out uersonal enemies
He has few intimates His best
I friends he told me are exSpeaker
Thomas Brackett Reed and General
Lloyd Bryce There is something in
What follows of what was said by Mr
Heed by Gecral Bryce by members
of Tammany hall Some of the latter
feel that he has deserted the organi
zation and are likely to say harsh
tilings In consequence but all of them
find something to commend in the
mans character as well It is a tribute
to the man to admit that all his friends
see points in him for criticism and
that all his opponents find points in him
for nraise
Bourke Cookran is a man whose 45
years have filled his face with those
furrows which write the story of strong
characteristics Physically he is mag
nificent Tall broad shouldered and
with a splendid chest his looks on a
public platform help his wonderful ora
tory to sway his audiences His body
IP the bodv of an athlete and in each
of Hs motions it shows the trained i
strong man just as in each of his
t words he shows the trained speaker
He dresses carefully but simply Men
tally he is both a giant in strength and I
k gymnast in quickness His mind is
thoroughly stored with information on
jaltnoat everv topic under the sun He
is R great reader Hip faculty for ear
liest and eloquent speech is recognized
to be greater than that of any oth r
man of this time The nation has pro
duced few great orators He is always
Iqfetieey wrapi ed up in whatever he
undertakes and is capable of doing
easily what to almost anv other man
wtfuld require prodigioue efforL His
infold ie ever active He is always dis
cuasias to himself kinds of problems
from every point of view and this is
what makes him in a measure ready
for all occasions
J hiII 1oL eacIueg apt 1
his mi rese1ve manner of handling his
body on a platform which have made
I him important but if he had not gain
ed uromlnenoe in that way his keenly
analytical mind would have carried him
to succeee in any event He is e sen
tlaily fair and always honest He does
not care for nflirp although he has
served in congress and may very likely
serve again He is a rich man and
has made his money himself As a
lawyer he is in greet demand and
some of the largest fees on record
have been paid to him He was born
In the county of Sligo Ireland in 1854
awd was educated largely in France
He came to America in 1871 and began I
by teaching French and Latin As he
Jtaught he studied law and for a time
after his admission to the bar prac
ticed his profession in Westchester
county He began to make a reputation
Jn New York City with the first word
f i be uttered in arguing his first case It
was not an important one but the elo
quence of the advocate set the town
talking He has been connected with
many famou cases in the courts
among them the Jacob Sharp boodle
tiderntan affair and the defense of
t Ketranier the murderer who was the
first man to be killed legally by elec
iriclty He entered politics In 1SS1 and
went to congress in 1886 His low prac
tice became so great that it was difii
< alt fur him to attend to his congres
eiotial duties and he wanted to resign
but was persuaded not to After that
lie decided never to accent a political
office again but returned to congress
in 1891 In order to prevent a split in
Tammany hall of which he was then
one of the most prominent members
Indeed it is said that it was largely
4 owinp to the advice and assistance of
Cockran that Richard Croker achieved
his power
4It to the mans great ability to rise
to tfhatever occasion confronts him
c th8t Is his most marked and valuable
characteristic exSpeaker Reed said
to tne
The two occasions which he rose to
most nragnificently were the Chicago
conventions in 1SS4 and 1S02 At the
latter one he ooposed the nomination
of Grover Cleveland in a speech of
thrilling power Althougti h1 did not
convince the convention that Cleveland
was the wrong man to nominate he
won a tremendous personal triumph
tta his recent argument at the trust
conference in Chicago he achieved an
other oratorical victory < He is a Demo
dat first last and all the time yet his
beet friends are Republicans
Mr Bryan has hao no such oppo
nent as Bourke Cockran Circum
i < ancef5 are ever putting the two men
In opposition But Mr Bryan has never
questioned Mr Cockrans complete in
tegrity of purpose Earnestly contin
ually and ably Mr Cockran has op
posed Mr Bryan yet the other day he
said to me when I asked him his opin
ion of the great free silver leader that I
lie was glad of the opportunity to pay
a tribute to him
J knew Bryan well he said I
perved with him for four yoais in the
ways and moans committee of the
iHMiee and wpo met almost every day
iw what might be called the intimacy
J 0 t political association Bryan Per
i3 only Is i one of the purest men I ever
Met in politics or out His devotion
tJo public welfare as he understands it
to more like the love of a woman for
JMST cnua or for Her husband than it is
the expression of a politicians mind
3 1 do not believe that after many years
wf active participation 1 in politics and
ftJiree yeans of leadership his moral na
tune 1ms become rOlored by even the
8 dow of a selfish motive or that In
order to br elected president tomorrow
ho would consent to temporize with
his belief or evade the expression of it
I a kPd him about McKinley
I have only the slightest acquaint
ance with him W both served in the
Fiftieth congrcs iJUt iP rarely met
ly suppoit H bin in 1K96 was In no
va in < 1uir < i by hi > personality J but
ram Uut hi l < lUs I felt that his eJw i
Uon va < absolutely necessary In view i
of what I considered the dangerous
tendencies of the Chicago platform
I asked him what he considered the
greatest problem before the country
It is the preservation our repub
lican form of government This will
be affected by what we do in the mat
ter of territorial expansion First of
all wemust preserve and govern well
the territory which we have already
I am willing to see annexed to the
United States any land in which our
present form of government can be es
tablished and maintained That can
races not be enough done in already the Philippines We have
He explained his monetary views
I am not necessarily a gold man
but a single standard man I stand for
one piece of metal as a money unit Let
it be silver or let it be gold I mat
ters little which it is But let us have
one standard
Considering the Nicaragua canal he
said 1
1 am not prepared to say whether
the Nicaragua route should be followed
or not But I believe absolutely in the
building of a canal We must cornier
the two oceans at the point of greatest
possible proximity to the center of
American commerce the United States
I will say further that I am convinced
that this canal should be constructed
by the government
Finally in summing up his political
opinions he said
I stand for the impartiality of gov
ernment and the minimizing of gov
ernment The more civilized men be
comes the less he needs government
Government must favor neither side
I capital is arrayed against labor
government must be strictly fair to
both side The relations between em
ployer and employed are not service
but partnership and should be s re
garded Trade unions for instance do
not raise wages directly but they affect
production favorably by enabling em
ployer and employee in fixing the basis
of distribution of their joint product
Wages cannot be raised or lowered by
anything but the volume of produc
tonTe men who did not agree with
what BourkeCochran said about trusts
at hicago even Mr Bryan himSelf j
were the first to express admiration of
the way in which he said it And s it
s with theman The men who do not
agree with him are the first to praise
his honesty of purpose his strength of
character and the fineness of his men
tal and moral fibre
I I Lloyd Brice has been Bourke Cock
L rans friend for a dozen years I
I I would be hard to imagine two men < p
I parently more widely differing o k
L J ran is tall stalwart commanding in his
carriage and his expression General
I Bryce is of middle height slight of
build and has the nervousness of the
I man who reads and studies continually
forgetting that he has a body I Is i
easy to believe from his looks that
Bmirke Cockran was once a leader in
Tammany hall It would be impossible
j to think such a thing of Bryce The
massive strength deep voice and rug
I ged lined face of Cockran coniract
strongly with the slender frame cul
I tured tones and delicately featured
countenance of the author of such
I novels as Friends in Exile Lady
Blanches Salon and the editor of the
North American Review Yet they
regard each other with the affection of
Bourke Cockrans strongest points
I think said General Bryce are his
acumen in forecasting political events
and his adaptability to circumstances
The man is extraordinary r too in having
achieved so great a success while mak
ing s few enemies This is a key
to his nature He is one of ihe few
really string men I have met who have
almost no personal antagonists I
I might almost g so far as to say the
only weak point in his character is his
I incapacity to bear a grudge He is a
strong friend but a poor hater In
deed the fancied enmity of anyone
I wounds him to a degree that is hardly
realizable and on one occasion at least
I remember his going far out 0 his
way to conciliate a person who bore
I him an unreasonable dislike simply
because as he told me the enmity of
anyone hurt him beyond measure His
power over his mind his adaptability
and his faculty of rising to whatever
occasion may confront him are illus
trated by two events in my acquaint
ance with him He was visiting with
me the district which I then repre
sented in congress and was called on
t address a body of school children
Instantly he had their sympathy and
friendship Every word he said was
a word which they could understand
which interested them and yet instead
of taking down to them he seemed
to bring them up to his own level He
held those children enthralled from the
beginning of his address until its finish
and to this day I can see their little
faces turned up to him in wrapt won
The other occasion to which I al
lude and in forcible contrast was at
Omaha during the campaign of 1896
At the request of some of the promi
nent members of the Republican party
I took charge of Mr Cockrans campaign
paign realizing that by relieving him
of the details of the campaign such
as the arrangement of meetings etc
ec that his extraordinary powers
could be better focussed on the ques
tions at stake and I would thus my
self be contributing by most effective j
service to the cause of sound money
and good government Of course the
feeling of hostility to the stand Cock
ran had taken was bitter among the
Democrats and especially so in Omaha
the stronghold of Mr Bryan Indeed
before we had reached there a depu
tation joined us at a AAaystation and
told us that threats of violence were
in the air Some hours later on our
arrival when in front of the hotel and
as we were forcing our way through
a dense mass of people a roughlook
ing man signed that he would like to
speak wit me I followed him out of
the crowd when he informed me that
Ur Cockran would never be allowed
to address the inhabitants of Jlr Bry
ans state and that if lie attemptedto
I do ho five thousand people from the I
slaughter house htid bound themselveb 1
to break up the meeting at any cost I
never knew that the town boasted such
a large proportion of abattoirs to make
credible so extensive a conspiracy but
I confess the nature of the conspirators
employment had a disagreeably signifi
cant sound and a depressing effect on I
me I
The meeting was held in a great dis
used bicycle hall and there were over
20000 people present I had seen tem
pestuous public meetings in different
parts of the world before but never one
equal to that At the extreme left some
5000 or 6000 men were gathered shout
ing and waving red flags The confu
sion grew with each moment the de
risive cries of the hostile crowds swell
ing into absolute pandemonium In the
very midst of it a skylight fell and the
hubbub was increa ed by several wo
men going into ysterics A panic
which might result in serious loss of
life was imminent
I was at this moment Mr Cockran
stepped to the front of the platform
He paused for an instant The noise and
confusion rather augmented than sub
sided I Avas as if we were standing
on a frail dock extending out into the
sea during a storm with the breakers
accentuating in force until they prom I
i I
Bourke Cochran From Latest Picture Taken Especially for the Inter
mountain Catholic
ised to submerge all in a vast gulf of
At last he raised his hand and in a
temporary lull attracted the crowd by
I an unexpected allusion to the virtues of
Mr Bryan Then while their curiosity
was excited he enlarged upon these vir
tues and expressed the opinion that
there was only one good quality in
I which Mr Bryan was lacking a qual
ity too little appreciated in this world
but nevertheless important Aiz com
mon sense
The effect was electrical The howl
of protestation gave way to a burst of
amused applause From that time on
Mr Cockran had the audience in the
hollow of his hand At the end of the
meeting the wave which had promised
to break over him with destructive
force rose again swelling onward and
carried him off the platform victorious
and triumphant
I dwell on these two occasions the
Characteristic Picture of Mr Cochran
as He Appears When Addressing
an Audience
first when he addressed schoolthe
second when lie controlled the mob
because they illustrate the mans char
acter In the firstwhere simplicity
and gentenes could count lie was in
tinctively simple and he was gentle
In the second where a great emergency
I arose he rose to the emergncy That is
what I wish to emphasize Bourke
Cockran always rises to the emergency
which is before him
Indeed the measure of the emerg
ency is the measure of his display of
ability to master ItMr Cockrans op
portunity is in tempestuous times I is
the storm the opposition that brings
him out There is something in his
very physical appearance that seems
made to ride the storm He does not
fascinate the crowd like Gladstone
he dominates it like Gambetta like
Mirabeau like DantonI might almost
say Of course I am speaking more
of his personal domination than of his
political opinions for these I think I
are strangely conservative and if reAr
olutionary times should ever come I
can see him in my minds eye dominat
ing the hosts of disorder as he did at
Omaha imprassing them with his lion
esque personality and bringing them
back to reason and to common sense
Mr Cockran has a extraordinary
fondness for country life and rural
sports Surrounded by his dogs he
leads in the country the life of the ideal
ist that he is I have often been
troubled over some question he has
frequently observed to me and found
the answer in the placid eyes of a cow
as I have stopped in the field to scratch
her forehead
Mr Cockran is a ieeilv religious
manI think the most sincerely relig
ious man I have ever known In his
curious makeup too there is much of I
the simplicity of the child and I think
he is never quite so genuinely happy as
when rolling over the grass with some I
little playfellow of 5 or 6 year who
invariably bullies him to a heartrend
ing degree But as I have already said
f the childrens school meeting in the
I crowded tenement district of this great
congested city and that uproarious
I meeting at Omaha must be taken to
gether to understand the man
In closing allow me to state that
this tribute to my friend may receive
enhanced value by the fact that in
many of Mr Cockrans political l and
economic views I have found myself in
absolute disagreement with him
t have spoken of his incapacity to
hate this incapacity is strictly confined
to individuals His capacity to hate
concentrates itself upon what he deems
unjust Injustice wrong outrage
bloodshedhe hates with the force ol
his entire nature and this hate I
think might sometimes cloud his judg
The thoughtful newspaper correspon
dent whose constant business i is to
watch men and affairs gains a birds
eye view of public events and charad
I ters Such a one is E J Edwards the
famous Holland He has closely ob
served Mr Cockrans
11 career since he
first became prominent and speaks I
with knowledge He also is a political
opponent of r
Mr Cockran but an earn
est admirer al
Bourke Cockran he said has the
nature of a true orator which must be
almost that of a poet Roscoe Conkling
was full of the tricks of extemporaneous
ous declamation Cockran has none of
them He does not write first what he
afterwards talks from the platform Of
course ha prepares for his speeches
but his preparation is without manual
work He has a ability which few
speakers have possessed After reading
up whatever references he needs as
Wendell Phillips did he lies on a sofa
turning them over in his mind until he
is full of his subject But that is all
What is to bo done with this material
depends on the inspiration of the first
moment on the platform a it also did
with Phillies
I have heard him speak many times
He has a higher oratorical inspiration
oven than John R Fellows had and the
man that has that rarely has executive
ability He would not be a good man
to appoint to the place recently given
to Elihu Root for instance He lacks
the capacity for executive detail
eCcutve detal neces
sary in a secretary of War Cockran
must be a leader on the moral and in
tellectual side and Cochran prefers be
ing that kind of aleader to holding
office He has certainly achieved such
leadership in New York Cockran is
always right on nwral issues The
tariff in which the Republican extrem
ists oppose Cochran has no moral side
I know of not one single case involving
a matter of absolute right and wrong
where Cockran has failed to see clearly
With his qualities of sympathy elo
quence and clear insight into affairs
and public sentiment he could have
done what he
liked with Tammany
Hal if he had been willing to let him
self down but he has riot Cpckrans
tendency since the days when by one
1 the most magnificent efforts of will
power I have ever heard of he over
came an unfortunate turning toward
stimulants amounted to a disease
that gripped and held him has been
steadily upward When I first
steadiy frt saw him
he was striking in appearance but
shabby in appearance His change into
the clear eyed strong featured weB
groomed man of today has been re
He is now a man of the highest
culture and of striking capacity for
highest social relations His case has
been an illustration of the fat that
wealth is not necessary to him who
would be accepted by the best He must
give for what he gets to be sure and
Cochran gives of a infinite snHo
charm Cockran is a stimulator He is
a gentleman by nature and by cultiva
tion This was illustrated When his
wife died her considerable property
would have gone to him but he turned
it over to her sister He is not a wit
nor is his sense of humor keen but in
conversation as well a on the plat
form his poetry imagery and flow of
diction are remarkable His memory is
not less than wonderful This is an
advantage few orators have possessed
Seward and Chase had good memories
Blames was less perfect Depew has
So to wind up with it is easy to find
Bourke Cockrans friends and they
talk of him most pleasantly I is hard
to find his enemies and they criticize
not the man but his opinions The
mans honesty and integrity of purpose
pose are never questioned It is hard
to believe that a man so regarded by
important people in a great community
is other than worthy of high respect
no matter how earnestly one may op
pose his political and economic views
Short Sketch of the Labors of This
Noted Divine
The gratifying intelligence comes
through the columns or the Buffalo
Catholic Union and Times that the dis
tinguished Archbishop John J Keane
has reached these shores We are in
formed that the distinguished prelate
is here now and has been here for
many weeks How he managed to elude
the ubiquitous reporters Is his own se j
cret No prelate of the American
church has a warmer place in the
hearts of American Catholics than
Archbishop Keane the first great rec
tor of the American Catholic univer I
sity I was on the 15th of December
1896 that the holy father relieved him
of his arduous duties of that heavy
office and addressed him in a fatherly I
and loving letter to that effect The
apostolic letter gave the reason in this
language I is customary that they
who are appointed to preside over
Catholic universities should not hold
the office in perpetuity This custom
has grown up through wise reasons
irnd the Roman Pontiffs have ever been
careful that it should be adhered to
Since therefore venerable brother you
have now presided for several years
over the university nt Washington in i
the first establishment and subsequent
development of which you have shown
laudable zeal and diligence it has
seemed best that the above mentioned I
custom should not be departed from
and that another whose name is to be
proposed to us by the bishops should be I
appointed to succeed you in the honor
able position In order however that I
in resigning this office due regard may
be had to your person and your dig
nity we have determined to elevate you
to the rank of archbishop
This letter was received by the es
teemed rector on Sept 28 of the same
year and on the following day he
mailed his letter of resignation to the
Holy Father Supplementing this let r I
he said I welcome my release from
the office of rector of the university
with profound gratitude both to Di
vine Providence and to the Pope While
I always regarded its dutiesasra labor
Qf love they had grown to be far be
yond my strength and abilities and a
deliverance from the burdens is a re
sponse to many prayers
Archbishop Keane following his re
tirement spent many months on the
Pacific coast Ipfrvinc his nlnns fnr the
future for a later l date Subsequent
at the earnest Invitation of the Holy
Father he went to Rome and there In
many good works especially as a
preacher and counsellor on American
ecclesiastical matters performed valu
able service He now returns to this
country on a prolonged leave of ab
sence and it is said he will devote his
time in behalf of the financial inter
ests of the university No more con
genial work could be alloted him than
to urge upon our Catholic people to re
double their interest their zeal their
generosity and to make the university
what in right it must be the coming
glory lea of Christian education in Amer
The advanced state the university
occupies today Is owing to the labors
of Archbishop Keane Despite adverse
circumstances that would have dis
couraged a less dauntless spirit he
moved onward his impuse to place the
university on the high vantage ground
that i would be truly a set of learn
ing zealously Catholic in cone and in
spirit of the age of the great republic
on hose soil it was founded in whose
capital it was planted and for whose
people it was intended and whose
money has builded It and endowed its
faculty The Catholic university in
America owes all it has and all it
hopes for to the grand Catholic spirit
in America that has made it possible I
Archbishop John J Keane is a na
tive of County Donegal Ireland born
Sept 12 1834 He was brought here
by his parents at a very early age His
classical course was made in St I
Charles college and his theological
studies in St Marys seminary Balti
more In 1866 he was ordained and ap
pointed assistant rector at St Patricks
church Washington D C Twelve
years later he was promoted to the see
of Richmond He was consecrated on
Aug 25 1878 In the Third Plenary
Council Bishop JCeane TOOK an active
part and the pastoral letter of the
council is attributed to his pen One of
the chief results of the council was the
undertaking decreed by it of crowning
the system of Christian education in
our country by the establishment of a I
Catholic university The council ap
pointed a select committee to act in
Its name for the purpose In 1886 the
preliminaries were so far advanced
that it became necessary to choosea
rector The choice fell on Archbishop
Keane On the 10th of April 1877
Pope Leo XII issued his brief giving
to the establishment his warmest apos
olic approbation Following the lay
ing of the cornerstone of the univer
ity on May 24 1888 the archbishop
siy on
tendered his resignation of the see of
Richmond By a brief dated Aug 29
8SS the Sovereign Pontiff accepted his
resignation and transferred him to the
titular see of Ajasso that he might
henceforth be free to devote all his energies
ergies to the task before him
During the ten years that he admin
istered the diocese of Richmond two
objects principally occupied his atten
tion the evangelization of the
entrusted to his pastoral care and the
conversion of the negro race By his
assiduous preaching he did much to
wards removing prejudices from tiC I
minds of the people of Virginia wane
his scattered fleck In
he strengthened sattered fock
heir love for their holy religion and
thCr he
the n groe
b r his labors among
in Richmond and
laid solidly
There s the foundation of an apostolic
sork here from which the zeal of his successors
cessors cannot fail to gather abundant
fruits of salvation
Archbishop Keanes portrait gives
more clearly than any other
of the American
outward presentments of his
character can preletes Strength a very timely and suavity index zeal
tact enthusiasm and prudence are
and prldence
indicated in a face which ewn in its
immobility expression has a wonderful < power
Rev P Walsh Commenced His Pastoral Duties In 1871
Was Liberally Assisted By l ClassesFather
Scanlan Arrived In i83 His Charge
I Largest Area in United States f
Most Rev J S Allemany in assum
ing temporary jurisdiction of Utah ap
pointed Rev P Walsh pastor He commenced
menced his pastoral duties early in
JS71 Soon after his arrival in Salt
Lake he opened a subscription list for
the erection of a new ch rc His SUC
ems rrvnrsirJprinrr tlio emeill nnrnhpr nf
u u
Catholics then residents of Salt Lake I
was phenomenal but he was liberally
assisted by all classes irrespective of
creed In the fall of the same year the
little church in > which Catholics have
worshiped for twentyeight years was
completed I was dedicated to St
Mary Magdalen by Archbishop Ale
many on the 26th of November of the
I same year In the early part of the
folowing year the first Catholic mis
I sion under the direction of Father
Walsh was given in the newly dedi
cated church by Father Bouchard S
J of San Francisco The next year
1873 Father Walsh who had the esteem
and confidence of all classes of people
was recalled to San Francisco Rev
L Scanlan who had pastor charge of
the Catholic church at Petaluma Ga1
was appointed to succeed Father
Walsh in Utah He reached Salt Lake
Aug 1 of the same year und has since
as pastor vicar foruger vicar apostolic
and bishop faithfully and zealously
ministered to the spiritual wants of
the Catholics of Utah When he as
sumed charge there was only on
church in the entire territory and that
encumbered with a heavy debt His
charge embraced the largest area of
any pastor in the United States but
his flock were few Like the church in
the Canacle or emerging from the up
per chamber of the Morning of Pen
tecost poor in a worldly sense so was
the commencement of the pastoral
charge of the present bishop of Salt
Lake twentysix years ago With
apostolic zeal the privations which
surrounded him gave zest and energy I
to his missionary spirit He came to
preach the gospel of ChrisMo the poor
and in the fastness of the mountains
could he not find among the miners
and smelter hands the poor of Christ
who would gladly receive him And
whilst offering up the adorable sacri J
fice in some rude cabin could he not
truly say to hiaflock a was said of
the Apostles in similar circumstances
Jesus stood in the midst of them
His only luxury was the happiness re
sulting from his successful missionary
labors and undertakings I
His first effort was to liquidate a I
debt of 6000 which encumbered the
present church edifice This debt was
entirely wiped out in less than two
years from the time he took charge of
the parish In the meantime whilst
I laboring to pay off the debt he had
succeeded in securing the grounds on
which the present St Marys academy
stands Without an additional appeal to
his poor flock Father Scanlan was able
through the generosity of his old Pioche
parishioners to secure the title to the
above named site He had In view the
establishment of a school The loc
I ton and the favorable circumstances
under which the property could be se
cured impressed him that for a school
in which the children of the city and
surrounding mining camps could be
educated n bettor could then be ob
tained Using his own judgment sel
dom at fault he purchased the site in
1874 Having secured a lien on the
property he made known his plans
which he hoped to develop in the near
future to Archbishop Allemany Need
less to add his plans were adopted his I
action in securing the property en
dorsed and a promise to encourage his
undertaking mad Poor before but
still poorer row and ever since Father
Scanlan was yet happier because he
foresaw that i was only a matter of
time till the great object of his zeal
ous ambition would be realized viz
the lambs and sheep of his flock would
be provided for with the food of divine
In the spring of 1874 with the con
sent of Archbishop Allemany Father
Scanlan wrote to Very Rev Edward
Sorln spiritual supervisor of the con
gregation the Holy Cross asking for
Sisters t open a school in Salt Lake
The answer to this letter was that
at present he could not supply his
wants but in the future his demand
would be considered Before the end
of that year correspondence was re
opened and in December of the same
year Father Sorin wrote stating that
he would send Sisters the following
year to investigate and see what the
prospects AAere for founding a boarding
and day school in Salt Lake Faith
ful to his promise two Sisters from
St Marys Academy Notre Dame Ind
reached Salt Lake in May 1875 After
two days conference with Father Scan
lan and some of the leading citizens 0
the city they decided to remain and
chose for their future honie the site pre
viously secured by Father Scanlan be
ing the one on which the present St
Marys stands All canonical requirements
ments being complied with plans and
specifications for the new convent home
specictons home
were made and drawn up y Captain
Davis U S A then a resident of Fort
Douglas Ground was broken June
20th and the corner stone was laid be
fore the end of July The same week
that ground was broken the second
Catholic mission in Utah was given by
Fathers Elliot and Roseerans gven Salt
Lake whilst Fathers Dwyer and
Brady all Paulist Fathers were con
ducting a similar mission in Ophir
An appeal for funds for the new
school then In course of erection was
liberally responded t by the citizens
o f Salt Lake In July and August of
that year the two Sisters visited all
the mining camps that surrounded the I
Salt Lake valley together with the
smelters which were then in operation
A cheerful and generous greeting
hailed their arrival wherever they vIs
ited and every Saturday evening Fath
er Scna who superintended the con
struction of the academy was enabled
through the collections of the week to
pay all his employees He had no
other source from which to expect
much less to draw the necessary con
tingent expenses so he grounded his
faith on the generosity ofthe miners
of Utah for the completion mners un
dertaking He was not disaoDalnted
The following September three months
after tIe breaking of ground St
MarysHvas ready fot occupancy and
t c
1 4 >
school was opened th same month
Whilst school was ednductedi in some
of the rooms plristergrs anaVearpenters I
were the house busily occupied ia other parts of
I Hospital of the Holy Cross
Before St Marys Academy was com
pleted another institution to be > con
ducted by the Sister became a neces
sity and that was a hospital for miners
and smelter hands Those who donated
freely and liberally towards the build
ing of St Marys Academy did so with
the understanding that a hospital
would be opened for the benefit of employees
ployees who were leaded or hurt in the
smelters and mines Early in Septem
ber delegations waited on Father
Scanlan asking when the new Sisters
Hospital was to be opened He prom
ised that a soom as preliminaries
could be arranged and plnns matured
for conducting such an institution he
would apply for Sisters to n > r iuc q
hospital The time he prayed for was
not granted I was now a just de
mand Pressed by two prominent min
ing menFred Meyers superintendent
of the Flagstaff smelters near Sandy
and Marcus Daly superintendent of
Walker Bros mines on Lion hill and
the Poormant mine in Ophir he wae
obliged to open a hospital at once He
sent a strong appeal tfo Very Rev E
Sorin showing the urgent necessity
founding a hospital His request was
granted Early in October 1875 Sis
ters M Holy Cross and M Bartholo
mew prepared to act a Good Samari
tans to the poor and sick and maimed
arrived in Salt Lake On the 22nd of
October humbly unostentatiously and
full of the spirit of the Good Master
their work began in rented
a rented building
o Fifth East between South Temple
and First South streets I was called
the Hospital of the Holy Cross In
this unpretentious abode their labor of
love was preeminently successful
Their charity in behalf of sufferlngphu
manity won for them from a grateful
people the true title of angels of mercy
and real Sisters of Charity No
Sistes Chariy ap
peal was unheeded immediate wonts
alone were considered To thfs > day
their names are sacred in ev ry house
hold a symbols o charity and marry
and their memories are enshrinad like
the Good Samaritan in the hearfca of a
gratEul oJ e
labored faithfully and s eesftiflj J
a mark of their success the present
beautiful hospital with its spdCioua
grounds and without encumbrance
when Sister Holy Cross resigned her
position a Superior stand a a living
monument The tenacre block
telce blok was
purchased in April 1SS1 Ground for
the new hospital was broken t 1e fol
lowing month The net year the Sis
ters with their patients removed from
Cross the old to the new Hospital of the Hoiy
T Be Continued
n 1
The following countries > ifc Jg said
were originally named by the Phoeni
cians the greatest commercial people
in the world The names ini the Phoe
nician language Fignified somPthinEr
characteristic of the places wMih they
Europe signifies a country of white
complexion so named because the in
habitants were of lighter complexion
than those of Asia and Africa
Asia signifies between 6rln the mid
die from the fact that the geographers
placed it between Europe and Africa f
Africa signifies the land of corn oi
sigfe ern
ears I was celebrated for its abunds
ance of corn and all sorts of grain
Siberia signifies thirsty or dry very
characteristic j
Spain a country of rabbits or conies V
I was once eo infested withcthese ani
mals that it sued Atfgusta for an army
to destroy them
Italy the country of pitch from its
yielding great quantities of black
Calabria also for to same pur
Gaul modern France signifies yel
lowhaired as yellow hair character
izes its inhabitants
The English of Caledonia is a high
hil This was a rugged mountainous
province in Scotland
Hibernia is utmost or last habit
tion for bed this westward the
Phoenicians never extended their voy
Britain the country of tin great J
quantities being found ort it and adja
cent islands The Greeks called It Al
bion which signifies in the Phoenician
tongue either white or high md unrainsr
from the whiteness of its shores ptneri
high rocks on the western codse ie
Corsica signifies a woody place
sigfes a wody cq y
Sardinia signifies the footsteps > gg >
men which it resembles footstEpif J
Syracuse bad savior socalled fmomI
the unwholesome marsh on whia a
stood i f
Rhodes serpents or dragons wff
produced In abundance 1
Sicily the country of grapes t
Scylla the whirlpool of destru i
smoky Aetna signifies a furnaceocxatJt i p
0 a I v g
Dewey Is just now the cause of witty
sermons each pointed jftfc itsdwn
moral though they cbnrmunraSWftlte in
condemning the politiclansf gee
which would make use otlHIsfname to
head apresidential ticket Bift 1i1ia
shown DO sg tjiat he is cIIt f
yielding to sutfi blandishment OIIsitiI
yielding there is evidence enoughtho
he would not accept the nominatfori4oa
would te
eitherparty on a gold platter HefetC
glorfou fighter and sailor but no Jma
rlne to be bamboozled by the blandish
ments of bossesand led captive in their
bonds 30 will live in honor under the
laurel he has won umbrageous enough
to satisfy any ambition nit clearly
satisfies his ownNeW Toi1dTrne
stsfes 7 K
pnnID r
Moses Tegart
The peace forwhichvsb inJ SgJ Jt
The bffliutjftsof somy f 4
How many lfave berate t be1e3 3
In many cuiavatcS plot sp t
Enough tb sootho andsatisfy j
And jet tie loithyft not f

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