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The Llano colonist. [volume] (Llano, Calif.) 191?-1937, March 18, 1922, Image 2

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A Modern Babylon
By Herbert Ksnny
Perhaps a description of economic
conditions in New York might be of
To begin with, I might say that one
can still walk along Old Broadway and
, „ h 1 ■ . i l ■
see ten-dollar silk shirts on display in
, . . ,. . .
the store windows. Also the crush to
get into popular theaters and the lazz
6 1 »»-il w; " I h
emporiums along the Milky Way still
continues, so that the smiles of the
ticket-scrapping profiteers haven't
come offiyet..
And the congestion of traffic on
Broadway every night when the thea
ters disgorge absolutely defies descrip
tion. These sights, however, convey
no idea of the pitiful struggle for ex
istence, which is the present plight of
so many people in this vast city.
A short walk east |om Lower
Broadway, and one enters a district
where many thousands of people live
in squalid poverty unequalled by the
worst slums over in the old world.
There is a larger number of unem
ployed here now than was the case a
few months ago, although they are not
nearly so conspicuous, the cold weath
er having dislodged them from the
public parks to seek shelter in the
dives of the Bowery and the charita
ble institutions
Until late in November the most pop>
ular Mecca for the unemployed was
the Bryant Park, situated right in the
heart of New York in the shadow of
the finest public library in the world
In this little park one could speak
to down-and-outs from all parts of the
globe. A large percentage of the pro
fessional hoboes could be seen there,
too—the boys who toil not, yet never
tire of boasting of the fact.. The bo
is easily picked out.. His smile of re
lief, since no longer can any reasona
ble person ask him that painful ques
tion: "Why don't you go to work," is
in marked contrast to the dreamy and
hopeless look on the face of the true
Urbain Ledoux of the Boston Com
Dn Slave Auction Fame came here
fall and tried to repeat the exper
iment which caused such a stir in cul
tured Boston, but the police watched
him closely and prevented his doing
Need of Hotel and Other Buildings Daily
Becomes More Urgent.-New Electric
Light and Power Plant Provid
ed For.-Next Is New Hotel
Llano Colony will soon have a new
electric light and power plant, a visit
ing comrade having advanced the en
tire amount for its purchase and erec
We now have half the necessary
funds for the first brick residence build
ing, the elevation and floor plans for
which are shown here and about which
we have been talking for some time.
This building is to be only a part
(one of the wings) of our complete
hotel arrangement, which will include
several such buildings around a central
unit which will house the kitchens, din
ing rooms, cafeterias, library and read
ing rooms.
It is estimated that this first brick
building would cost $60,000 to have it
built by contract. But by building it
with our own labor and almost entire
ly out of materials from the natural
resources on Llano land, the cash out
lay is proportionately small.
The workers have built all the fine
hotels, but few have aspired to live in
them, and our object is not only to in
spire the desire to do so, but also to
offer the opportunity to the workers.
There are many co-operators who
are not yet prepared to take up their
permanent abode with us in Newllano
City, and for these comrades rooms are
reserved at $250 each, and the patron
may come at any time and occupy the
room as long as he desires.
This plan offers advantages to those
who plan to spend the winter in the
South, as by the reservation of a room
they can live with us the greater part
of three winters—250 days in all
fore their investment is used up.
living with us, we mean that you will
be entitled to eat three meals a day
with us. We will not lose anything on
this arrangement. Our present hotel
rate is $1.00 per day for room and
/ — 's
>Trf ^
11 if
E i
board, and there is no reason for rais
ing the price, as food is produced too
cheaply to necessitate that — with the
wastes and profits of canitniism aU..L
Any balance quo « cvn^puninn q
room reservation may at any time be
credited on a full membership appli
cation, and we earnestly invite all co
operators to visit us at any time they
are able to do so and familiarize them
selves with our achievements and our
aims. If one can spend only a week
or two, he will in that short time be
able to learn much as to our resourc
es and the soundness of our plans and
the wonderful possibilities of the co
operative efforts of those who produce
the wealth of the world but have it
taken from them in a thousand forms
of Drofit. interest, a»d rent.
»«. wntsertöKen to explain m
the columns of The Llano Colonist, but
we are always glad to answer questions
—always glad to hear from those who
are interested in the progress of our
work. And if you have $250 that you
can spare—we are sure that it can
never be used so effectively as just
at present. It is an investment and not
a donation that we are asking you to
make, and you can apply it on a com
plete membership or use it for vaca
tion purposes at any time you please.
The Electric Plant Problem Has Been Solved.
The Next Big Thing in the Line of Construction
Is The New Hotel, and We Are Half Way
Toward Starting It. NOW Is the Time YOU
Can Help Most. Let us Hear From You.
Write for more information and tell us what you think of our work.
Llano Co-operative Colony
Leesville, La.
j In Bryant Park some good Samari
tan would occasionally donate enough
'to buy sandwiches and coffee for the
j crowd there and il wou! i d J* i ' lterest "
, in § to watch the stampede for the eats
iwhen it arrived; the bread-lines at
!„ . . .
San rrancisco in IVOo were tame in
t l j • !..k m
The grandmothers club or Noy once
| . . , . . , , . , ,
VIS,ted *]« P ark tc > f L eed [ he bunch, and
^ ad *° be_rescued by the police from
the melee that ensued when the pro
J vender came within view of the crowd.
j They were highly indignant—said that
those men had no respect for age, and
that never before in their lives had
they been so rudely treated.
j Why, oh why, can't people starve
in a more dignified manner? Before
the advent of the cold weather, I us
[ ually walked home through Bryant
Park to watch for new developments.
On Sunday nights the park would be
liberally strewn with the Sunday news
papers in the usual orderly democrat
ic manner, and the homeless ones
would pile them in a heap many feet
high, and then snuggle down in them
like pigs in a litter of straw..
Very few workers succeed in attach
ing themselves to a payroll here now.
. The average employer's attitude is
that it spoils the morale of his em
ployes if he engages new help. Or, to
; put it in another w ay: His employes
] work harder when under the impres
sion that another batch of them are
shortly to be laid off. Other firms
who employ thousands of semi-skilled
help and so proudly boast that they
have not yet cut the wages of their
employes, are quietly laying off hun
dreds of their hands, under the ex
cuse of slack business, and then put
other hundreds to work at a greatly
reduced wage.
In my humble opinion, the trouble
with the working class is that although
exploited to the limit, far too many of
them have capitalistic souls, and still
cling fondly to the hope that someday
somehow and somewhere, they will be
up in the saddle and have other work
ers toiling for them.
And until they change their psycho
logy and get it more into harmony with
the Golden Rule, I fail to see how they
can better their condition to any great
extent. I
Despite the protests of the labor un- !
ions, the immigrants are pouring into
the port of New York by the thou
-- r ...
sands, and it is very amuzmg to read
the remarks of some of the captains Oi
industry here, anent there being lots
of room for the immigrant in the Land
of Opportunity The opportunity he]
refers to being, I presume, the one he
himself so greedily embraces, that of
putting said immigrant to work at dol
lars per week less than the 100-percent
This is said to be the richest city in
the world; but I feel inclined to dis
agree with the statement, when watch
ing the long,long lines of shivering hu
manity waiting outside the armories
this Xmas to get the provisions distrib
uted through the generosity of the read
ers of the New York papers..
There is a great deal of sickness pre
valent here now, many people dying
from the flu and pneumonia.
Last Sunday I heard Health Com
missioner Copeland say in the course
of his health talk that unless the reg
ulations were strictly enforced in re
gard to the bathing of immigrants, etc.,
if would be possible for an epidemic
to get started here that would sweep
off a million people inside of a month.
He also .stated that the housing situa
tion in_Ne w York was appalling; that
they discovered cases where as many
I as sixteen people lived in four
rooms, and another case where four
I persons slept in a small kitchen. He
: also said that when he had threatened
to condeipn some of the worst tene
ments, the landlords laughed; as they
knew that until better accommoda
tions were provided it was impossible
for him to make his threat effective.
It is evidently true that "history re
peats itself.." About twenty years
ago, at the end of the Boer War, I
saw the soldiers of John Bull begging
on the streets of London. And this
winter I have observed the Doughboys
of Uncle Sam in the same plight on the
streets of New York.
This ought to produce a fine crop of
conscientious objectors in our next
A month or so back, I stood out
side the Capital Theater one evening
and listened to the hurrahs of Young
America as Marshall Foch came out
and entered his taxi. And my thoughts
wandered back to the '90's when, as
a patriotic young Englishman, I stood
with friends in the Buckingham Pal
ace in London and yelled vociferously
for our Old Friend Kaiser Bill, as he
I passed by on a visit to his royal rel
! atives at Buckingham Palace. I won
der how many of my friends of that
! eve ning now lie out in Flanders? The
„ - - ,
r01iing s tone may gether no moss, yet
} *^ j s possible that he occasionally rolls
j Q|lt t h e pat h 0 f the stone crusher.
I Wg have reC ently had some below
zero weather here, with snow piled up
high in the streets. One night last
week I walked up Broadway past a
building gutted by fire a few hours
before. The water used by the fire
men had frozen as it ran, forming a
wide sheet of ice stretching right across
the street; and as I stood there and
watched paper 'and other rubbish
swirling over the tops of the skyscrap
er in a blizzard of wind, I put my paws
over my frozen ears and thought feel
ingly of Sunny California.
Even the wealthy have their trou
bles here and anyone flaunting his
wealth on the public streets in the
shape of flashing diamonds is surely
inviting trouble And first-class ho
tels, like the Waldorf Astoria, keep a
detective on every floor in a vain
tempt to protect their guests from the
I believe we are traveling fast to
ward an economic revolution, thoush
just what particular form it will take
would be difficult to predict.
t I enjoy reading the Colony Diary. It
small'enables me to follow the movements
of the Old Guard. And of one thing!
I am certain: A year or two spent in
the Colony is a liberal education.
While there, one has time to think and
he gains a new perspective of life, anl
never afterwards will he think alon^
i exactly the same lines as before his
Colony experience.
I 1 was interested to note that you have
I a psychological meeting every week,
( Keep it up; you are on the right track,
Personally, I have come to the conclu
sion that one's mental attitude is the
key to almost everything.
It is very interesting here, when go
ing to work in the morning, to go dowr
into the bowels of the earth and en
ter a subway train.. And while swing
ing from a strap among a jam of jost
ling humanity, snarling at each other
like a bunch of Kilkenny bats, to re
member the sunshine and open spaces
of Newllano—and then to reflect on
how apt that remark of Shakespeare
still remains, anent, "What Fools
these Mortals Be!"
And now hoping that 1922 will bring
increased prosperity and a bumper
tion witnesses on whose testimony the
(By The Federated Press}
Boston. — One of the chief prosecu
|i ves of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo
Vanzefti were sworn away in Dedham,
L harges afi;ainst the
I sJnce fhe Moo
at-;., , SQ ,
! from (he jj ps of ,
Mass., last summer has voluntarily
made a complete and unequivocal de
niai of statements in court, in the pre
sence of the Federated Press corre
spondent, counsel for defense and oth
er persons. |
In a long affidavit he repudiates cat
egorically all his answers to essential
questions put to him on the witness ,
stand and admits the truth of the coun
ter-testimony bearing upon the same
point introduced by the defense.
"We have strong reason to believe,
a member of the Sacco-Vanzetti
fense Committee said, "that the
flimsy structure will crumble
The unexpected somersault
standing witness, apparent
urge of his conscience,
, pay 6»
., it
.«ru i
ugH: *1
( > s wrong in its treatment of its politi
I ca J prisoners and is making a great
mistake in keeping them in jail, sa '°
( Count Ilya Tolstoy, second son of the
i renowned Leo Tolstoy, following an
address here.
(By The Federated Press)
Milwaukee. — "The United States
"Much of this mistake, it seems to
me, is due to the pernicious influence
of most branches of the church. I can
never forgive the church in general
for the part it played during the world
war, always preaching hate and war,
rather than Christianity. Its influence
on the people has created a condition
that it will take years to overcome,
but in the end I see the downfall of
the warlike church for playing the hy
A good deed is never lost. He who
sows courtesy reaps friendship, and
he who plants kindness gathers love.
—Richard Brooks.
crop to the colonists of Newllano, I
remain, yours fraternally,
(By The Federated Press)
San Francisco. — Byron Parker, the
present attorney for Thomas IVlooney,
has . filed
brigf with the state su
ing for a reversal of
preme court,
provisio— -y, ■
, #rweaTi a j n cases where mno
| lowing m »•«*> 1,1 . . .
, _
former writ of au
faitious bomb case,
aped by Judge Louder
querela is a very old
" common law al
itablished, as it has been
ind Billings.
picks up J Tfje federated Press)
U L m ;. Louis, 111. — A- movement
ml | C v % commission form of muni
c °!i° n l vernment in this city and T
r • government by mayor and al
has been instituted. The pre
Ct>U administration became obnoxious
^criminatory attitude against the
.vAwkers. Many ministers and church
mem ^ers have complained of existing
moral conditions.
and structural industries are looking
forward to the visit of H. S. Calvert,
f ormer Ford Motor Co. employe, or of
I Tom Baker, marine transport worker,
(By The Federated Press)
Detroit. — Many Detroit electrical
workers and others in the automotive
; f rom Argentina, both of whom are or
j ganizing a force of 6,000 workers to
f orm a n autonomous industrial colony
in the Kuznets coal and iron basin, Si
beria. The Kuznets concession was
obtained recently from Russia, after
careful surveys of the equipment and
resources. It is one of the richest min
eral concessions in the world and in
cludes 25,000 acres of black soil agri
cultural land .ready fo r modern ma
chine de velopmenti 'ii'K addition to mil
lions of acres of valuable YMnber..
Your attention is drawn to the an
nouncement of the rebuilding of Llano
on another page. Here is the oppor
tunity you have been looking for. Turn
to it now.
Thought rules the world.—McCosh

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