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stable government (By The Federated Press) • Berlin. — Despite reports in the American and western European press and the patter by statesmen that the Genoa conference to rehabilitate Eu rope is a certainty, Russia expects an eleventh-hour postponement. Speaking before the communist sec tion of the All-Russian Metalworkers* congress, Lenin said: "Nobody knows whether the Genoa conference has any chance of taking place. i fear that even those who have issued the invitations know nothing de finite about it." The Russians believe that before the convention opens another military of fensive will be engineered against thenii by the entente. The entente fears Russia's present position. Germany would probably lend Russia spmpathetic support. Ger man trade with Russia is already very extensive. The Baltic entente (Es thonia, Latvia, Lithunia) is bound to support its eastern neighbor. The so called little entente of Central Europe, though dominated by French influence, will seize every opportunity to eman cipate itself and assert its independence of France. This favors Russia, espe cially since these countries are in ex treme need of Russian trade. The countries neutral during the war are tired of domination by the Anglo French entente and welcome the pros pects of Russian trade. The allies are divided. Italy badly needs Russian raw materials. France and Belgium dream of restoring a re actionary regime in a unified Russia in order to collect the czarist debt, while England would rather see Rus sia split up into small units. America is regarded as favoring the English idea of an international banking consortium to exploit Russia along the lines pro posed for China. Russia's internal strength is formid able. The working masses are loyal to the government and the Red Army is in excellent condition, both as to morale and equipment. The numerous trade agreements con cluded by soviet missions have cement ed Russia's foreign position, penetrat ing even into France by the Red Cross agreement that has just been entered into. There is probably no more sta ble goyernment in Europe than that of Russia. Western European diplomacy is pa nicky in contemplation of Russian par ticipation in the Genoa conference, a prospect it sees no means of evading. Indefinite postponement of the con ference is the obvious solution for the diplomats. If It Is a DIXIE PRIDE BROOM IT IS A GOOD ONE Made and Sold by LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY, Leesville, La. Why Are We Unemployed? Find the solution to the above perplexing problem in:— Progress and Plenty By JAMES S. PATON ' i Mr. Paton, a member of the Llano Co-operative Colony, in his recent book, "Progress and Plenty," presents a timely and able discussion on current economic, thought, dealing es pecially with currency reform matters. It explains why the unemployment curse is upon us, why the prices of land, labor, and capital are high or low. It sets fqrth a plan for immediate action which the author believes is fundamentally necessary to preserve the best interests of humanity. The book is cloth-bound and was published to sell at $1.00, but can be obtained now through the Llano Colony for 50c. 50 Cents CLOTH-BOUND— —POSTAGE PAID THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS LEESVILLE, LA. alabama workers stand by organization (By The Federated Press) Mobile, Ala. — The Mobile Central Trades council is preparing to send out an appeal for financial aid from mem bers of organized labor for Organizer John Winstanley, who was murderous ly assaulted last fall while working un der the auspices of the International Union of Timberworkers in Florida. Winstanley, while a passenger on a train, was removed by force at a way station. Although more than four months have elapsed neither federal nor state officials have taken any ac tion. It is reported that eastern fin ancial interests are using every effort to keep , the government from bring ing the matter up in the federal courts. Winstanley was at the time of the as sault secretary of the Mobile Central Trades Council, and had taken up the work of organizing the men in the tim ber industry at the request of the in ternational union. co-operative theater organized in seattle (By The Federated Press) The first co-operative dramatic the ater in America has been organized in t Seattle by twenty-six actors, musicians, stage craftsmen, and members of the ; administrative staff of the former j Wilkes theater, who have put their own ! money into the society, which they will wholly manage and control themselves. The first performance drew a record crowd, and the company assures the public that the same high standard will be continued. They are not in the the ater business, they say, to get rich, but to secure steady employment and a de cent living for themselves and to pro vide clean entertainment for the pub lic. The Seattle Co-operative Theatre follows out the plan made famous by the great Moscow Art Theatre, one of the finest play houses in Europe, which is owned and managed by the artists themselves. Co-operators in several midwestern cities are successfully op erating co-operative motion picture houses, and a group of players from Greenwish Village, New York City, are at present producing their own plays. The Seattle enterprise, however, is the first time that the entire personnel of a dramatic company in America has united in establishing a co-operative theater. The unknown, that is what frightens weak minds.—Louis Blanc. Misery is dreamy, solitude creative. —Charles Nodier. i vWia m Wfl mmm « KZ'mi (O Dur fort Mo/rrt<aJ -CourtcJY o/&* fcgrefofu* ßore&u - Camoens' Garden in Macao. Two hills stretching to the sea so as to form a charming bay, and be tween them an ancient, half-Spanish, wholly southern city; its roofs tufted with verdure, rising one above anoth er on terraced slopes; its houses with their once gay tints all faded, basking in peaceful decrepitude in a sunshine like that of June; the town fast asleep; the harbor silting up; the walls crumbling; the Iron gratings rusting ; the pavements turning green ; the gables nodding like old gray heads, tired of listening to the same old sto ries—such is Macao, the Far Eastern outpost of the Portuguese traders of the Sixteenth century, the Monte Car lo of the Orient, and one of Portugal's few remaining possessions In Pacific waters. Macao is situated on the west side of the Pearl river. Forty miles across Is Hongkong ; eighty-eight miles to the north lies Canton, seat of the South China government. Macao was found ed in 1557. Prior to 1887 there ap pears to have been no documentary evidence of a formal cession of this territory, the Portuguese claiming, however, that they received It as a reward for destroying the horde of Mongolian pirates that harried the southern coast of China; and the re mains of the old barrier across the narrow neck of land separating thç peninsular town from the rest of the Island of Heung Chan, and once guard ed by Chinese soldiers, gave color to the Portuguese claim. However, all doubts were laid to rest In 1887 when formal cession was made by China to the Portuguese. Macao's Rise and Fall. So marvelous was the growth and prosperity of this Portuguese settle ment in Its youth that It exc'ted the envy of the early Dutch traders who In 1622 attempted Its conquest The spot where the Dutch leader was killed by a round shot from Monte fort, which wrote finis to that at tempt, Is now marked by a monument. Macao continued to be a flourishing mart up to 1841, the British East In dia company and the Dutch company meanwhile obtaining a foothold there. The British free trade propaganda of the "Forties" excited a demand for a free port at Macao, to which the Por tuguese demurred. , Great Britain then secured the Hongkong concession, made that a free port in 1845, and the decline of Macao as an entrepot dates from that year. Not only Is Macao the site of the first European claim made on Chinese soil, but it has cultural ties with Eu rope closer knit than the political re lationships of controverted areas to the north. It contains the oldest ruin In China that Is associated with Eu rope, and the tamarind and banyan shade the gardens where the Por tuguese Chauser, Camoens, composed half of the Lusiads, celebrating the discoveries of the Portuguese explor ers who opened up for the West the secrets of the East. It is one of the half-dozen of the world's great epics. Camoens' Place of Exllç. Luis de Camoens, the star of Lusl tanlan poetry, became enamored of Catharina d'Atayada, lady-In-honor to Queen Catharina of Portugal, which so enraged the king that he banished the poet to Macao, about 1567, where he remained for five years as admin istrator of the effects of deceased per sons—a melancholy office for a poet and lover. Returning in 1572, his ves sel was wrecked, his small savings were lost, but the poem which has been translated into every civilized language was saved to an appreciative posterity; A monument to Camoens marks the spot in the grotto where he composed his noble epic. Macao has snoozed peacefully away on Its Island In late years while con troversies have raged around the hand ful of other foreign holdings on the Chinese coast. But recently the gov ernment of Southern China is reported to have demanded that there be a "cleanup" In the city, a procedure, which If carried out would entail rec ognition of the Southern China govern ment as well as acceptance of its right to rule in what has long been consid ered Portuguese territory. Once in Macao the traveler may re main to contemplate an out-of-thö way shrine of European history. But that is not why most folk board the daily boat from Hongkong to go there. It is a summer resort for the Canton ese because of its exposure to the cooling monsoons in mid-summer. Opium smugglers and gamblers. In re cent years, have loomed large among Its transients. Formerly the Chinese coolie traffic also had a headquarter» here. Within a century its waters may have warranted the characterization of one traveler who called them "the most dangerous waters of the world from a police standpoint," and added "a river trip is spiced with the risk of piratical attack." Revenues From Gambling. The ideas of Henry George and oth er tax theorists have found a niggard soil in Macao, whose fiscal policy is simplicity itself. Poo-chee and fan tan provide the revenues of the city. It has been said that half the minted pieces of the Far East find their way sooner or later to the gambling boards of Macao, and the old Rix dollar, the Mexican peso, and the American dime are clinked upon the tables of the jeunesse doree, or of the 'rickshaw coolies and harbor riff-raff of the town, while a daily flow of men, women and dollars crosses the estuary from Hong kong to Macao and pours Into the hells of the Roa do Jogo, or gambling street. Fan-tan is the favorite game, but It is nothing like the card game of that name known to Americans. The Chi nese croupiers sit enthroned before a square marked at the corners with the numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4. The banker reclines behind a grating, smoking a long pipe. Overhead Is a gallery run ning all around the room and forming a sort of ceiling, pierced only by a hole the size of the table. From this gallery the bets are made, and the stakes are - alternately let down and drawn up, accompanied by the sound of drawling minstrelsy. The croupier takes a handful of small coins and covers them with a reversed bowl, while money is laid on one of the four numbers. When the betting has ceased he lifts the bowl and separates the coins with his wand. Then he counts them by fours, and the remainder, or the last four, if there be no remainder, represents the winning number. Each hazard Is a one-to-three wager, and the banks pay on that basis, after deducting the house percentage. A number of these licensed gambling dens, graded accord ing to the limit of wager allowed, pay the revenues of the city of Macao. Attractive to Travelers. Present day Macao is not marred for the casual traveler by either its flair for fan-tan or its thriving trade in opium. The latter Is shipped away to wreak its havoc; the former brings the bizarre and the adventurous. The city of today is one of the few Far Eastern coast towns which have not been caught In the resistless current of commercial progress, and for that reason it presents some Interesting studies to lovers of the picturesque. He who lands from a steamer is captivated by its blend of Portuguese and Chinese people, by pagoda and western church, and when the sum mons of hunger leads him to a hotel that has been called the cleanest and most beautifully situated In the Or ient, the contrast persists. He may order the famous Portuguese colares with his yellow water chestnut pasties, and choose either ultra-accidental game dinners or pudding of coagulated duck's blood and sugar-preserved bam boo shoots. There are but 4,000 Por tuguese resident there, but they rep resent a four-century impress that their nationality has made upon the total population of about 75,000. After dinner the visitor may stroll along the Praya Grande, both the Broadway and the Riverside drive of Macao. Having shopped and slummed, he finally will be led to catch the deeper romance of the city in the grotto where the poets have carved lines of praise to the one-eyed soldier poet who wrote the glory of farthest West Europe on an island of nearly farthest East China. H. C, L. Pinches King George. Owing to increased expenses, King George has found it necessary during the past few years to supplement the income he receives from the state out of his private resources. A Story With a Message for Co-operators CO-OPERATION has been successful in European countries for many years in the relail and wholesale grocery and provision business, and has recently branched into the manufacture end. But co-operatiu» -or dividends or for savings on the weekly grocery needs, is alright as far as it goes. The Llano Co-operative Colony was founded to extend this co operation into every phase of human need. With this in view, there is no limit to the possibilities for co-operation in a community where all land, machinery, tools, industries, etc., needed and used for the welfare of' all, are owned equally and controlied,collectively. No individual greed or desire tor special privilege can beneht at the expense of the needy. „ , . . . -, the dominant thought of the Llano Co-operative Colony is that it shall be an association of workers banded together to protect the in terests of each and of all in such a manner that they may secure the entire result of their labor, using such methods and devices as shall be necessary to accomplish this end. In order to make this possible, it was necessary that a favorable location blessed with natural re sources should be secured. The Llano Co-operative Colony is located on a 20,000-acre tract of land in the healthful Highlandt of Western Louisiana, two miles from Leesville, the county »est cf Verasn Parish. It is about 15 3~.c: feom the Sabine River, 100 mile* from Shreveport, and nearly 300 few Orleans. The Kansas City Southern Railway runs through the tract. ' The Highlands at this place are gently-rolling hills, giving perfect drainage,—which is a very important thing. Health reports, as well as the experience of the colonists during more than three years, indi cate that health conditions here will compare favorably with those in any section of the United States. No sickness hat been exper ienced which can be attributed to location or climate. The Colony contracted to purchase 20,000 acres on very advan tageous terms. Five thousand acres have already been deeded to the Colony. In making the contract of purchase of this tract, the stores and buildings of a former lumber town were included. Among them are the hotel, with its dining room and kitchen, rooms for guests and the library; two great sheds; two large barns; a store; an office building ; dozens of small houses ; hundreds of thousands of feet of lumber; a concrete power house; a four-cell dry house; and other buildings. The value of these buildings to the Colony is almost incalculable; as they now house inhabitants and industries. Resident members of the Colony are in direct control of its in dustrial activities. An executive board of directors are chosen each year and may be removed by a vote of the members. In turn this executive board selects the heads of departments, who are respon sible to the board for the conduct of their work. The aim of the Colony is to make ils community life as enjoyable as possible. In this it has succeeded admirably. The many education al advantages for both children and adults are noteworthy. The equality of all, the common interest in the prosperity and progress made, the social equality, the equality of allowance made for living costs, the freedom from worry, the spirit of the undertaking which will erect a new method of living—these are the features of the colony life which grip. Eight hours a day, an allowance made so that children learn independence, everything sold as nearly cost as possible, the elimination of profit and rent, the sane, happy, carefree life of the in habitants impress all visitors. Never before did any community possess such advantages, such prospects, such a pleasant life a« does this one. As the most direct basis for the support of the Colony, agricul ture comes first. Allied to agriculture is the dairy department, with its herd of 20 milk cows and 17 Holsteins, obtained on contract from the U. S. Government ; will soon develop into source of in come. To secure the greatest efficiency in the various farming op erations, and for logging two Fordson tractors have been added to the Colony equipment. Experience pröves that garden truck of almost any kind, many fruits, berries, cotton, sweet potatoes, beans, corn, sugar cane, and peanuts do well, while rice, potatoes, and other crops may be grown for home uses. In this connection, the Colony last year harvested 3000 bushels of fine sweet potatoes, which were put into the evaporator house and 'cured. In the cane-growing, the Colony is very successful, having made 1700 gallons of pure sugar cane syrup and 700 gallons of sorghum mo lasses last season. Recent harvests have proved to the colonists that soy beans, peanuts, and velvet beans make splendid crops and are rich in food value. An orchard of twenty acres has been planted, the fruit trees being supplied by the government. It is a natural berry country, and many kinds are found growing wild. The mild, long season is especially adaptable to the raising of live stock. The native grasses which grow rank among the timber and along the creeks, provide excellent feed for the greater part of the year. Better than some gold mines is a splendid bank of clay, suitable for brick and tile, right on the Colony's townsite. A modem brick making plant, having a capacity of 15,000 brick per day, has recently been installed. The bricks made are of excellent quality and find ready sale. With the growth of this industry, it is now only a ques tion of time when the small frame structures of the lumber days will be replaced by commodious brick houses. Among the other industries being operated for the behefit of the community, are the following; Wood-working and handle-making machinery; blacksmith shop, and wagon-making department; steam laundry; broom-making factory; shoe-repairing and harness-making shops; printing and publishing plant; bakery; butcher shop; general commissary; sweet potato-dry- / ing department ; hospital ; hotel ; swimming pool ; theater : and at various other seasons other work is done. Most of this has been accomplished in the last two years; for the colonists have now learned how to co-operate and conquer their sel fish desires in favor of collective need. ^ ett Cfr-cporateG» as* üiey Cw&ev« m co o p e r atio n but it takes careful study and persistent training to eliminate the competitive spirit which has been drilled into them from youth. Thus, the Colony divides co-operators into two general classes: One class may join the Colony and co-operate with their fellows com pletely: The other class desires to live near a co-operative commun ity, yet own their own land, tools, etc., desiring private ownership in these things. These may buy land near the Colony at $15 per acre. I he Colony , s now in a position to interest both. Those who wish to come into the Colony may do so on the terms of membership given m another place on this page. Those who wish to own land may buy a Co-operative Farm, participating to an extent i n the co-operative advantage, of the Colony. They may market their crop, v^h the Colony, enjoy the social advantage,, and marty of the educational advantages, with the privilege of exchanging land to be applied o„ a membershtp if desired and if acceptable as member,. The Co-oper ative Colony will retain about 5.000 acre, for itself. The idea is to build up a Co-operative Commonwealth. The colony employ, agents, but doe, n ot authorize them to close any transactions. Memberships should be taken out through the Membership department, Llano Cooperative Colony, Leesville, La in thn e C nterari. WaD N metnber , S - II wan ! s P e0 P le ,0 become interest«*» m «1 k one make, any private profit. It i, the opportun med of - 11 is now an established TW ! , . yOUr P f' ,0 , eX ' en<1 ,he fie,d oi influence? All ZI? T \ V,5ll V Colony shou!d get off ,he ,rain at Stable*. AH trains stop here. You may not be able to purchase a tick* to this pace; you may have to buy to Leesville, but you can get a ticket from Leesville here for ten cent, without getting off the NoHf k eet ,ralnS! C0,0ny ,own " the railroad Notify us when you expect to arrive if you can do so £r s srtrîiT art it-= Llano Co-operative Colony leesville, la. —Advertisement.