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Actual Brotherhood Comrade George D. Coleman, speak ing at the psychological meeting at Newllano on Thursday evening, March 30, made the statement, that co-opera tion is actual religion, practical reli gion. It involves the application of the golden rule, the principle of bro therhod. This principle is mutual in character, and it requires reciprocity from everyone who wishes to enjoy the advantages of co-operation and bro therhood. No one can claim special privileges where brotherhood prevails, and it is silly gush and entirely out of place, to ask exemption from the labor involved. To "love thy neighbor as thyself" does not signify by a long shot that anyone should love anybody else better than one's self, and that anyone should work for others who de cline to reciprocate. No one can de mand the prizes of co-operation and brotherhood who will not observe the rules of the game, practice reciprocity, and evince the spirit of friendship. Co-operation and brotherhood mean working together and for one another. This has been stated again and again in the pamphlets and publications print ed and sent abroad by the Llano Col ony. The Colony is not in a position to take in people who are unable to, do anything useful in promoting the work and objects of the community. I Anyone having obligations in the out side world which he considers para mount over the implied duties to be assumed at the Colony, should not come and expect to become a burden upon the co-operative pioneering group. To provide food, clothing, shelter, entertainment, education and recrea tion for hundreds of people requires work, first, last, and all the time. No other honest way has yet been dis covered to provide these indispensable requisites of human existence; and until such a way is found, every one will have to buckle down to do some kind of useful work that the Colony can now provide, and which will assist in achieving the goal. For ages the workers have struggled to escape from the snares of the ex ploiter. But all in vain. They have looked to all kinds of leaders and sav iors for deliverance. To labor union leaders, to politicians—but all in vain and without any success worth while. Co-operation also has been tried to a limited extent, but failed to measure up to the expectations of the pioneers because the people apparently have lacked the understanding needed to treat each other with the ordinary courtesy and forbearance to make their intercourse pleasant and agreeable. Unless co-operation and association is congenial and yields satisfactory re sults, it cannot be maintained and per petuated for any length of time. Friendliness of spirit is one of the important bases on which co-operation depends. "Love thy neighbor as thy self" demands a certain disposition and attitude on the part of every would-be co-operator. This» is a very important point that advocates of ec onomic betterment have overlooked. Their attention has been riveted on the outside, on the environment, the ma terial things, the so-called opportunities —while the actual obstacle to improve ment in human affairs is located with in, consisting in wrong ideas and wrong emotions. And if any improvement is to be effected, the beginning will have to be made at that point. Character building requires the broadest possible latitude of individual initiative for each man and woman to exercise their own reason, affection, and will in ordering their own life, in obedience to the highest ideals that in spire them. The conception of respon sibility for one s self can develop and . i ,i • t mature only thru exercise. lemper , . • •. il ance, moderation, reciprocity, a baianc-. « w j u . i L ed lite, in a word, selr-control, can be gained only thru freedom of choice. Ignorance, bigotry, untruth, and dis honesty, embodied in statute, that ham per, obstruct, or deny such freedom of choice are directly responsible for the degeneration of mankind. It makes no particle of difference whether such dis regard of the principle of human self determination is imposed in the name of emperor, king, or a majority rule, it is the very essence of tyranny. The eternal principles of nature and right eousness do not change with the name with which despotism is camouflaged. fraged. ' That is one reason why the people at Llano Colony are interested in men tal science and in the study of human nature. They realize that the success of the whole co-operative movement depends upon the cultivation and de velopment of desirable human charac teristics. Character is the touchstone of all human achievement. What a man is and what he can do is of the greatest moment. The man atid the \yoman are estimated by their useful ness in the Llano Colony, and not by the clothes they wear, nor the slick J palaver they may be able to spout. Ser v ' ce keynote, "Deliver the Goods, the essential requirement, and good taste dictates simplicity in rai ment, which brings a person's loveli ness into greatest prominence. At the present pioneer stage of Col ony enterprise, especially, is undue and ostentatious display of finery out of place. The fashions are a cunning device of capitalists to get access to your pocket book and waste unneces sarily money that, especially at this time, can be used more beneficially for other purposes. Attention must be concentrated on the here and now, on the essential things that we can do now, and are engaged jn working at. To give at tention to abstract propositions that are now beyond our reach and have no bearing on the task in hand, is sim ply a waste of energy, that can be more profitably invested in boosting the work in hand. We must make sure of all the facts connected with co-operative effort. The complete requirements of all industrial enterprises and the reciprocity and mu tualism to be scrupulously observed in every one and all relations, arising out of and connected with integral associ ?i 10n ' are so manifold anl indispensa, I t0 suc ^ es j u ' achievement that w< are compelled to give them our undi vided attention. The Llano ideal is a working propo sition, and the colonists do not expect nor plan to achieve their aim in any other way except by plain, straight-for ward constructive work and produc tion. No one here intends to be para sitical, nor to be victimized by para sites, and any four-flusher or grand stand player who may imagine that we are a dead-easy bunch has another guess coming, and will be up against a hard proposition if they come here and try it on. Nature, the creative energy, life, or call it anything else, if you please, compensates the individual or group in accordance with the intelligent work done. It only responds to the con structive activity of the intelligent worker. Cheats, swindlers, thieves, or robbers may despoil him or them, but the only naturally rightful title to any handiwork of man is proportionate la bor performed, corresponding to the effort required for its production. Just as the worker erects a buiiding. fashions a plow, other tool, or piece of furniture, according to the idea he has m mind, and acts upon, so also a man or woman fashions his or her self, builds character, according to the traits of character exercised, and the course which they pursue to gain their liv lihood. Only the useful worker is pro ductive and constructive. He gains his living honestly and is prepared and in*a position to fully compensate for whatever products or services he enjoys at the hand of other workers. While those who do . not render some appreciable, necessary, essential, use ful and helpful service are through and through dishonest, no matter how they may delude themselves and sponge on the useful workers. Individual right conduct is the foun dation and cornerstone of successful co-operation. Whoever is not ready to act on the square with his fellow co-operators is not yet ready for a co-operative colony nor for the co-op erative commonwealth. Neither one of which is possible of realization until honesty and the golden rule become the guides in human conduct. AMERICANIZATION Some time ago the third annual con vention of the Oklahoma Educational . . . , i • L r\ , Association was held at which Dr. las. T T . . n t i e. . ■ • J. ligert, United otates commissioner ? . , , . ,, or education, spoke of the problems , . , . which present themselves in the pro cess of "Americanization" of' foreign ers. He declared that the blame ought to be laid with the American citizens who disdain to associate with foreign ers, and call them such names as "da goes," "frogs," "wops," and "bo hunks," and encourage their children who are compelled to associate with the immigrant children in the public schools to call them such names and to despise them. Tigert scored t' 3 American soldier in France who ridiculed the French, Belgians, English, and Italians, and told stories concerning the cowardice and other undesirable qualities of the people and soldiers of these nations. "America will never justly earn the name of the greatest nation in the world unless this snobbish attitude is dropped forever, and a system off ed ucation is instituted where all may de rive the same benefits and be treated alike. The man who never changes is ab surd.— Barthélémy. MAN TO MAN A* Open Letter to Charles E. Hughes By Chas. L. Robinson. At the outset, I shall assume that you recall our conversation in regard to the banking laws of the State of New York, after the panic of 1909, and its result—a revision of those laws. At that time you were the governor of said state, and I was in the banking business, in a position to see how that panic was manufactured. I had no axe to grind in those days and I have none in these days. I am non-partisan and non-sectarian. I not only want justice for myself, but want to do jus tice to all; and if that is not the one and only basis for the "100% Amer ican" and for a citizen of the world, I shall be glad to receive further light on this phase of the subject. So much by way of introduction, with the promise that this will be my last communication to you except by your request. I now start with the premise that the original purpose of the founders of this nation was "to establish JUSTICE," and I propose to apply that premise to tnfe following situation: OUR Government required say $25, 000,000,000, or its equivalent in cred it, for war purposes, and obtained the amount by issuing pieces of paper call ed BONDS, bearing interest, and se cured by the total wealth of the nation ; Such Credit may be described as the capitalization of Confidence and Good Will, with that "total wealth" as col lateral, and is the result of the total activities of all of the people of the nation, as a going concern; yet our Government authorized a few of the people, called bankers, to exact a profit from all of the people, at a cost of untold millions of dollars; That cost, p|us interest that will amount to the face value of the bonds (judging from past experiences), plus leases to small holders through depre ciation, forced sales through calling of loans by banks, plus interest paid to banks for borrowing OUR credit (re ferred to in the preceding paragraph), plus the cost to the ultimate consum er of the amount EXEMPT FROM TAXATION. That last provision alone, assuming that the constitution is for just, equal and good laws, is evidence enough that the bond issue is un-constitutional. Then, take the facts that the Govern ment promises to pay the face value of these bonds in GOLD—a promise , f £ ; that " cannot fulflU and was awa »"e of j the ^ when it made the promise; sm f e " exam Ple is omnipotent," what sha11 be salcl of such an example by a Government or a man? What then was the alternative? Obviously if pieces of paper called bonds, secured as above described, are good, pieces of paper Called currency secured by the same total wealth, and NOT BEARING INTEREST, are bet ter. Axiom: No thing is settled until it is settled rightly (justly), and it is never too late to right wrongs. Enter EQUITY, and Equity says RESTORE. Proposition: All that I have, the savings of a lifetime, is invested in such interest-bearing, tax-exempt bonds, and I hereby agree to exchange such bonds (now at a premium) for their face val ue (cost to me) in currency notes OF THE U. S. GOVERSMENT, but not "bank notes," nor Federal Reserve Notes. In Equity, it would be in order to say "Provided holders who have paid less than par shall receive what they paid and no more, and that any 'pre mium' shall be ignored," but I waive such provisions. Assuming then, that Congress de sires to pass some "bonus legislation," such refunding would bring at least twenty-five billions of dollars in sight. NEW JERSEY FARMERS ORGANIZE TO CO-OPERATE . (By The Federated Press) New York. — New Jersey, farmers, tired of paying tribute "coming and going," to the interests which control farm supplies and through which they have had to market their products, now are organizing not only to market crops collectively, but to buy their supplies co-operatively. Thru a committee of the State Federation of County Board's of Agriculture, they are forming a far mers' state purchasing association, thru which county and even smaller groups of farmers will buy their staple sup plies. 100% AMERICANISM (?) DEGRADES WORKMEN (By The Federated Press) New Orleans. — Conditions on the ships visiting the port of New Orleans demonstrate how completely the La Follette seamen's act has been scrap ped, though this law still remains on the statute books. The humane regu lations of hours and working condi tions imposed by the La Follette act have been supplanted by long hours and wages representing the starvation level in the port of employment. Once a Month Every day we receive letters from friends of the Colony who express a desire to help us in some way, but who are unable to take out a membership or join the 125-CLUB; and, until now, there has been no way for them to do so. Now comes a comrade with p . suggestion for a systematic plan by which our many supporters of small mean;- may assist in the up-building of the Colony. We are now compelled to spend much of our time and energy in produc ing articles for sale in the local markets in order to meet current expenses. There would be no objection to this, if we were building only for ourselves; in fact, we should then extend such business to the limit. But we are not building for ourselves alone; our plans are far greater than that—we are build ing for the thousands who are to come—we are building for YOU, Comrades. And every hour we spend in manufacturing products, for sale outside of the Colony retards just that much the progress of the Colony as a whole. Every minute of our time; every ounce of our energy, should be put forth in the actual work of building and clearing and preparing for you, who are to come later. The more we are able to do this, the sooner you will be able to join us. There are also many of our friends who, for various reasons, will not make Llano their permanent home, but who, nevertheless, wish to see it grow and be a successful demonstration of the theories they have always believed in. Now it is possible for them to assist the movement in a practical way Llano Dollar-Up Club Acting on the suggestion of this comrade, the LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB has been formed, and we now invite our thousands of well-wishers through out the country to take advantage of the opportunity thus offered them. The LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB is composed of comrades who pledge themselves to give a dollar or more a month, the money to be used to meet current expenses. These expenses are comparatively small, the most of our food and necessaries we produce for ourselves; but there are some things that we must buy and pay cash for. The LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB will do this for US and allow US to keep on steadily building for YOU. We are expecting you, comrades, to help us prove to the world that we are right. You may depend on us to do our very utmost—may we depend upon you? If You Cant Help a Lot, HELP A LITTLE! LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY Newllano, via Leesville, La.