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A NEW TRIAL FOR TOM MOONEY
TOM MOONEY By Richard Roman San Francisco, — An important and far-reaching precedent has just been established by the California District Court of Appeals, which is likely to obtain the freedom of Tim Mooney and Warren K. Billings., militant Ilabor lead ers who were condemned to life im prisonment upon perjured testimony. Almost coincident with the filing of Tom Mooney 's appeal, before the same court, seeking to upset the decision by a lower court denying a writ of aud ita querela, came the Court of Appeals decision ordering a re-trial in the case of Thomas Brady, convicted of assault in the notorious Howard Street case. Brady had been convicted on perjured testimony which District Attorney Mat thew I. Brady had sought to conceal. To-day Brady is free on very nominal bail, pending a re-trial which is cer tain to clear him of the crime charged. The only difference between the sta tus of the Mooney-Billings defense and that of. the Howard Street defendent, from a purely legal point t>f view, is that perjury in the Mooney case was not discovered and established until after the statutory period for applying for a new trial had expired. In the case of Brady, it was discovered during the progress, or shortly after the trial. But, as Byron C. Parker, attorney for Mooney, convincingly points out, perjury is perjury and the victim, no matter how much time had elapsed, is entitled to a remedy. In the Howard Street case, the remedy was obtained under the law; in the Mooney frame up, the relief is sought in equity. It will be extremely difficule for the District Court of Appeals to deny the petition for Mooney in the face of its decision in the Brady case. The jur ists, Langdon, Sturtevant and Ncurse, were quite violent in their condemna tion of the lower court for ruling out tion of the lower court for ruling out during the process of the trial evidence to show perjury by a prosecution wit ness. ' In upsetting the conviction, the Court of Appeals invoked with an un usually religious ferver the "rights of man" and so on. I have never understood how Esau could sell his birthright for a mess of pottage; but there are moments when the least sensible of men would not think it ridiculous to pay too much for a good slice of roast beef.— Xavier Marmier. We must find a way to prevent us urers from acquiring claims of mcney indebtedness against the people thru cunning jugglery of phrases and false hoods. DIXIE PRIDE BROOM IT IS A GÖOD ONE Made and^SoId by LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY, Leesville, La. Why Are We Unemployed? Find the solution to the above perplexing problem in: — Progress and Plenty By JAMES S. PATON Mr. Paton, a member of the Llano Co-operative Colony, in his.recent book, "Progress and Plenty," presents a timely and able discussion on current economic thought, dealing es pecially with currency reform matters. It explains why the unemployment curse is upon us, why the prices of land, labor, and capital are high or low. It sets forth a plan for immediate action which the author believes is fundamentally necessary to preserve the best interests of humanity. The book is cloth-bound and was published to sell at $1.00, but can be obtained now through the Llano Colony for 50c. 50 Cents CLOTH-BOUND— —POSTAGE PAID THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS LEESVILLE, LA. DRAINAGE IS ESSENTIAL TO SUCCESSFUL FARMING Comrade W. C. Benton led the dis cussion at the agricultural meeting last Friday night, and pointed to the two drains placed in the garden as a vis ible demonstration of the good effects that drainage has in improving the soil for gardening and farming purposes. Even the best of farmers do not real ize fully the benefits that can be se cured through a thorough drainage of the soil. If all the rain falling on the surface of the land were absorbed in the soil, the earth would be turned into a con tinuous swamp, and only the lowest forms of plant life could exist in it. Water however seeks the lowest level under the pull of gravity, and with a natural system of drainage, such as the porosity of the soil, open water ways', creeks, brooks or rolling uplands, only the capillary and hygroscopic wa ter is retained. But where the parti cles of the soil are too fine and retard the gravitational tendency of water, artificial drains become indispensible to the best tillage, utilization and produc tivity of the soil. The soil in the im mediate vicinity of the town Newllano consists of very fine sand, silk and clay and is in need of drainage in order to produce bumper crops. Other lands among our holdings at some distance from the town produce abundantly with ordinary farm care, when cleared of stumps. Most people know that plants will not grow without water, but mighty few have any conception of the fact that the plants require air for their growth as well as water. And the air is appropriated by the rootlets of the plant. Plants can have the life smoth ered out of them as easily as out of hu man beings or animals. Take the air away from plants and they die. About fifty percent of the ordinary soil is made up of the spaces between J the soil grains and this space is filled with air and water. The size of the soil grains determining the space so oc cupied by air, and water drainage in creases the amount of moisture avail ' able to the plants, shrubs and trees, enlarges the root zone and promotes the aeration of the soil, essential to the growth of the bacteria of nitrification, and thus increases the available food supply cf the soil ; the mineral elements of the soil becoming more soluble thru oxidation. Drainage, by quickly re moving surplus water before it can dis solve and absorb any considerable amount of plant food, enables the cap illary moisture, the proper soil solution, to dissolve and retain a much larger percent of the essential plant ingredi ents. If It Is a Is there any crime worse than the bitter, narrow prejudice of the hide bound self-styled idealist? That is, the idealist who is so narrow so little-minded, so small-souled, that he must destroy all that is not exactly to his liking. Emma Goldman, helping the capi talists to destroy Soviet Russia is the latest and possibly the most spectacu lar example. Lesser personages are none the less active, but their fields are smaller. The co-operative store movement has been destroyed by such a person. Millions of dollars have been lost. Hopes have been badly wrenched. The enemy has been strengthened. Our cause has been weakened. Much of this disaster is directly traceable to the pernicious activities of one man. Not all, but a great deal. This man pose? as the god-father of co-operation in America. His position is that of philanthropist, kindly direct or, helper of struggliing groups, ben evolent advisor. His activities are partly educational. His participation in the movement is that of a hidden mine in the harbor. Possessing great wealth, it is possi ble for this individual to use his influ ence and his purse to destroy, to cre ate dissension, to sow the seed of dis cord. He has been remarkably diligent. His efforts are known by but a hand ful. His pose of blessed benevolence is still maintained. His true character is as yet undiscovered. He is able to place the blame of fail ure upon others, those who have work ed hard, those who have built, those who had to take the place of respon sibility. It is always easy to stand on the side lines, and after the play is made to tell what should have been done. Just as easy, too, to throw a few tacks, cockle-burrs, and strands of barb wire about, undetected. What do you think, tho, of the man who does it? The gentleman who has done more to destroy the co-operative movement of America, is unquestionably, in his own mind, perfectly honest. It is possible for a narrow, bigoted, ambitious mind, to find justification for acts of any nature. This jealous gentleman probably thinks that in wrecking the co-opera tive movement in America he has ad vanced the cause. & & & We are a world of 14-year-old-mind ed people. At least we of the United States are. Seventy people out of a hundred have the intelligence of 14-year-old children. Exhaustive and careful tests show it. Only 30 out of a hundred grade any higher. If you have an idea to give to the world, just keep this in mind. Ponder for a moment on the problem of reach ing such people. Put out big sign boards and write your notices in simple words, some thing catchy. Give your message in pictures. Write the headlines of the newspa pers. These things catch the people of 14 year-old minds. Such minds do not absorb heavy books, nor read careful ly and discriminatingly what the news papers tell. They are credulous. They accept any positive statement. So make your message in positive assertions. It does not make much difference whether they are reasonable statements or not. But make them positive. If you write for the masses, use short, easy words and short easy sen tences. • When you talk, do the same. * ¥ * Ç * ¥ * Billboards are coming into greater and greater use as advertising medi ums. Reople traveling in autos read as they speed. Hence, billboard advertis ing must be snappy and forceful. Also, autos take people out of doors. They read outdoor advertising as nev er before. The Rotary Clubs, made up of the keenest business brains, are using this method of carrying on a rather ob scure propaganda. Throughout the entire country read ers are admonished to do many things, Here are a few of them: BUY, BUILD, WORK, AND CRE ATE A JOB FOR EVERY MAN, PROSPERITY FOR ALL. Another one, calculated to arouse the admiration and enthusiastic ap plause of six millions out of work reads: THIS IS OUR COUNTRY, YOURS AND MINE. WE FOUGHT FOR IT. NOW LET US WORK FOR IT! There is good logic in the following, bat just what class it is directed toward is not quite plain. Anyway, here it is: YOU CAN HAVE PROSPERITY IF YOU ARE WILLING TO PAY FOR Current Comment IT WITH FAITH, WORK, AND CO OPERATION. One of the most inspiring, and one that might be justly used, with some slight modification, by the submerged majority, reads to all who look, as fol lows; WHEN MILLIONS OF MEN BUCK UP, THINK UP, TALK UP, BUSI NESS WILL WAKE UP. How we wish we could believe this inspiring one. But we fear there is a joker in it. It WORK HARD, BUY WHAT YOU NEED, PROSPERITY IS JUST AROUND THE CORNER. There are ethers. These are a few assorted samples. Now, just to see how effective this propaganda is, why not ask a few in your neighborhood what they think of them? If these bill boards are near where you live, ask a few people of average 14-year old minds what they think of them. ♦ 9 * * We dream in terms of to-morrow, live in terms of to-day, and think in terms of yesterday. Any of us will concede that wire less telephones for general use will be everywhere in a few years. To-day To-day we have them in many homes, bringing to us concerts, speeches, etc. Little more than phonographs, but with vast possibilities. We will concede al most anything as a possibility of the future. Those are our hopes and dreams. We live to-day in post-war condi tions. We have failing finances, fail ing government, failing nations, starva tion, menacing wars, graft. Apathy is everywhere. We refuse to look into the present, prefering vis sicnary glimpses into the future or re gretful reminiscent glances at the past. To-day in 1922, we are thinking in prewar terms. We long for the good old days of low prices, forgetting that with low prices went unemployment. In looking backward we are trying to live backward. To progress rapidly, we must forget thi past, examine the present, and view with calm discrimination the promis ed events of the future. *£ One idea in a generation is more than we should logically expect. That is, if this generation manages to get one whole new idea, it is doing much better than the average. One whole idea each generation would do much to remove humanity from star vation and ignorance. The lesson this generation must learn is co-operation as an idea, as a method of unselfishly helping human ity But it will not get that idea. The war just past, and the war now brew ing will so obscure this beautiful pur pose that it will require several gener ations to get the lessons. Wars are not fought in battles, nor are they paid for in money, lives, and material alone. The price is retarded progress, the highest price possible. * * * * The cause of applied co-operation has two chief enemies. The first of these is capitalism. That is to be expected. The second is those who believe in the principles of applied co-operation. There is not one co-operative but what has had its progress retarded, if it has not been ruined, by the con duct of these misguided persons. With the American Dollar as their highest ideal, but with co-operation us ed as a hopeful jimmy to get it, these persons in their haste to acquire mon ey blind themselves to all other consid erations. Next to them, come the fanatics, an imated by fantastic notions of manage ment, bent on participation in «very small detail. Usually lacking training. their efforts result in chaos, misumjer Spoiled children, they must break up the game they are not permitted to make the rules for. Spies are comparatively few. Cap italists have not been especially active, but the fanatic, the dollar-chaser, and the suspicious—how they have stopped co-operation! standing, hatred, animosities, that smother and cause disruption. Gaining their ends, such persons wreck the enterprise because of their lack of training, and because of un sound business methods. Failing to gain their ends, they pur sue a policy of "rule or ruin." Like Such bigoted persons can do more harm in a week than can be patched up by the conscientious, hard-work ing constructive members in several weeks. They always ensider their rights first, the rights of the majority never. They are the true enemies of co-op eration. They fight from the inside. Their wounds make lasting scars. Any cooperative is justified in ex pelling such members at any cost, for to retain them is to sacrifice the en tire enterprise. A Story With a Message for Co-operators CO-OPERATION has been successful in European countries for many years in the retail and wholesale grocery and provision business, and has recently branched into the manufacluring end. But co-operatiur .'or dividends or for savings on the weekly grocery needs, is alright as far as it goes. The Llano Co-operative Colony was founded to extend this co operation into every phase of human need. With this in view, there is no limit to the possibilities for co-operation in a community where all land, machinery, tools, industries, etc., needed and used for the welfare of all, are owned equally and controlled^collectively. - No individual greed or desire for special privilege can benefit at the expense of the needy. lire dominant thought of the Llano Co-operative Colony il that it •hall be an association of workers banded together to protect the in terests of each and of all in such a manner that they may secure the entire result of their labor, using such methods and devices as shall be necessary to accomplish this end. In order to make this possible, it was necessary that a favorable location blessed with natural re sources should be secured. The Llano Co-operative Colony is located on a 20,000-acre tract of land in the. healthful Highland* of Western Louisiana, two miles from Leesville, the couaty eeat of Parish. It !» about 15 siks *rom the Sabine River, 100 miles from Shreveport, and nearly 300 «■to hen New Orleans. The Kansas Gty Southern Railway runs through the tract. The Highlands at this place are gently-rolling hills, giving perfect drainage,—which is a very important thing. Health reports, as well as the experience of the colonists during more than three years, indi cate that health conditions here will compare favorably wi:h those in any section of the United States. No sickness has been exper ienced which can be attributed to location or climate. The Colony contracted to purchase 20,000 acres on very advan tageous terms. Five thousand acres have already been deeded to the Colony. In making the contract of purchase of this tract, the stores and buildings of a former lumber town were included. Among them are the hotel, with its dining room and kitchen, rooms for guests and the library; two great sheds; two large barns; a store; an office building; dozens of small houses; hundreds of thousands of feet of lumber; a concrete power house; a four-cell dry house; and other buildings. The value of these buildings to the Colony is almost incalculable; as they now house inhabitants and industries. Resident members of the Colony are in direct control of its in dustrial activities. An executive board of directors are chosen each year and may be removed by a vote of the members. In turn this executive board selects the heads of departments, who are respon sible to the board for the conduct of their work. The aim of the Colony is to make ils community life as enjoyable as possible. In this it has succeeded admirably. The many education al advantages for both children and adults are noteworthy. The equality of all, the common interest in the prosperity and progress made, the social equality, the equality of allowance made for living costs, the freedom from worry, the»- spirit of the undertaking which will erect a new method of living—these are the features of the colony life which grip. Eight hours a day, an allowance made so that children learn independence, everything sold as nearly cost as possible, the elimination of profit and rent, the sane, happy, carefree life of the in habitants impress all visitors. Never before did any community possess such advantages, such prospects, such a pleasant life as does this one. As the most direct basis for the support of the Colony, agricul ture comes first. Allied to agriculture is the dairy department, with its herd of 20 milk cows and 17 Holsteins, obtained on contract from the U. S. Government ; will soon develop into source of in come. To secure the greatest efficiency in the various farming op erations, and for logging two Fordson tractors have been added to the Colony equipment. Experience proves that garden truck of almost any kind, many fruits, berries, cotton, sweet potatoes, beans, corn, «ugar cane, and peanuts do well, while rice, potatoes, and other crops may be grown for home uses. In this connection, the Colony last year harvested 3000 bushels of fine sweet potatoes, which were put into the evaporator house and cured. In the cane-growing, the Colony is very successful, having made 1700 gallons of pur« sugar cane syrup and 700 gallons of sorghum mo lasses last season. Recent harvests have proved to the colonists that soy beans, peanuts, and velvet beans make splendid crops and are rich in food value. An orchard of twenty acres has been planted, the fruit trees being supplied by the government. It is a natural berry country, and many kinds are found growing wild. The mild, long season is especially adaptable to the raising of live stock. The native grasses which grow rank among the timber and along the creeks, provide excellent feed for the greater part of the year. Better than Wime gold mines is a splendid bank of clay, suitable for brick and tile, right on the Colony's townsite. A modem brick making plant, having a capacity of 15,000 brick per day, has recently been installed: The bricks made are of excellent quality and find ready sale. With the growth of this industry, it is now only a ques tion of time when the small frame structures of the lumber days will be replaced by commodious brick houses. Among the other industries being operated for the benefit of the community, are the following; Wood-working and handle-making machinery; blacksmith shop, and wagon-making department; steam laundry; broom-making factory; shoe-repairing and harness-making shops; printing and publishing plant; bakery; butcher shop; general commissary; sweet potato-dry ing department ; hospital ; hotel ; swimming pool ; theater : and at various other seasons other work is done. Most of this has been accomplished in the last two years; for the colonists have now learned how to co-operate and conquer their sel fish desires in favor of collective need. N q 4 «Si "r-s-opwcSwiT rtti TS«y uet«-*« ta ee-tsperatieii. out it takes careful study and persistent training to eliminate the competitive spirit which has been drilled into them from youth. Thus, the Colony divides co-operators into two general classes: One class may join the Colony and co-operate with their fellows com pletely: The other class desires to live near a co-operative commun ® jy* ye* own their own land, tools, etc., desiring private ownership in these things. These may buy land near the Colony at $15 per acre. The Colony is now in a position to interest both. Those who wish to come into the Colony may do so on the terms of membership given m another place on this page. Those who wish to own land may buy a Co-operative Farm, participating to an extent i n the co-operative advantages of the Colony. They may market their crops with the Colony, enjoy the social advantages, and many of the educational advantages, with the privilege of exchanging land to be applied On ■ membership if desired and if acceptable as members The Co-oper ative Colony will retain about 5,000 acres for itself. The idea is to build up a Co-operative Commonwealth. The colony employs agents, but does n ot authorize them to close any transactions. Memberships should be taken out thröugh the Membership department. Llano Cooperative Colony, Leesville, La. The colony wants members. It wants people to become interest«» 1 in this enterprise. No one makes any private profit. It is the opportun ity which co-operators have dreamed of. It is now an established fact. Will you do your part to extend the field ol its influence? Those intending to visit the colony should get off the train at Stables. AH trains stop here. You may not be able to purchase a tickfc to this place; you may have to buy to Leesville, but you can get a ticket from Leesville here for ten cents without getting off the train. We meet all trains; the colony town is right on the railroad. Notify us when you expect to arrive if you can do so. If you are interested, send for more information and ask such ques tions as you wish. Send stamps for reply. We want you to know about us and we want von to ask Questions about everything not made clear to you. t-nerature sent free on request. Llano Co-operative Colony LEESVILLE, LA. —Advertisement.