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IS STATE CONSTABULARY
PLUTOCRATIC THUGGERY? Cresson, Pa. —Expose by The Fed erated Press of the confidential letter, which Lynn G. Adams, superintendent state constabulary, sent to the coal op erators of Pennsylvania, calling for their assistance in ferreting out "rad icals" during the strike, has armed un ionists with a club which they have been seeking for a long time. "For 15 years I have charged the state police department with being but a legalized band of strike-breakers," said James H. Maurer, president, State Federation oï Labor, "now they stand convicted cut of their own mouths." On March 18, 1922," begins Maur er's warning, which is going into every local labor union in the state of Penn sylvania, "Lynn G. Adams, superinten dent of the Pennsylvania state police, sefit a letter to the coal operators com menting upon the possibility of a strike and asking 11 pointed questions, such ai: " 'Can you supply me with the names and descriptions of known radicals (un ion officials) in your vicinity?' "About 10 days later, Mr. Adams had a conference in Harrisburg, with the sheriffs and district attorneys of mining counties. . 'According to my information, the ' conference was for but one purpose ! and that is to so organize the state's ! official forces as to more thoroughly and effectively serve the coal barons and crush the strike, which, in reality, is not a strike, but a lock-out. "For 15 years I have charged that their presence in a strike zone never made for order, but for disorder, and that they played hand-in-hand with the employers and that their presence was always a signal for disorder, in spired by themselves." OPEN PRISON DOORS (By The Federated Press) New York. — The newly-formed amnesty alliance for New York state political prisoners is preparing a May Day demonstration in behalf of all po litical prisoners in America. Practically every element in the la bor movement will be represented, in cluding the Italian Chamber of Labor, the National Defense Committee, the Socialist party, Local Bronx, the Unit ed Labor council, the United Toilers of America, the Workers' Defense un ion and the Workers' party. THE RE-BUILDING OF L1ANO Need of Hotel and Other Buildings Daily Becomes More Urgent-New Electric Light and Power Plant Provid ed For.-Next Is New Hotel fflfflii r LME ÜLEE mm B_jh_ m J fflEE m ffl Llano Colony will soon have a new electric light and power plant, a visit ing comrade having advanced the en tire amount for its purchase and erec tion. We now have half the necessary, funds for the first brick residence build ing, the elevation and floor plans for which are shown here and about which we have been talking for some time. This building is to be only a part (one of the wings) of our complete hotel arrangement, which will include several such buildings around a central unit which will house the kitchens, din ing rooms, cafeterias, library and read ing rooms. It is estimated that this first brick building would cost $60,000 to have it built by contract. But by building it with our own labor and almost entire ly out of materials from the natural resources on Llano land, the cash out lay is proportionately small. The workers have built all the fine hotels, but few have aspired to live in them, and our object is not only to in spire the desire to do so, but also to offer the opportunity to the workers. There are many co-operators who are not yet prepared to take up their permanent abode with us in Newllano City, and for these comrades rooms are reserved at $250 each, and the patron may come at any time and occupy the room as long as he desires. This plan offers advantages to those who plan to spend the winter in the South, as by the reservation of a room they can live with us the greater part of three winters—250 days in all—be fore their investment is used up. By living with us, we meah that you will be entitled to eat three meals a day with us. We will not lose anything on this arrangement. Our' present hotel rate is $1.00 per day for room and board, and there is no reason for rais ing the price, as food is produced too cheaply to necessitate that — with the wastes and profits of eanifnlism al »r .l_ ished. Any balance atre a ctropormn *■ ■ room reservation may at any time be credited on a full membership appli cation, and we earnestly invite all co operators to visit us at any time they are able to do so and familiarize them selves with our achievements and our aims. If one can spend only a week or two, he will in that short time be able to learn much as to our resourc es and the soundness of our plans and the wonderful possibilities of the co operative efforts of those who produce the wealth of the world but have it taken from them in a thousand forms of profit, interest, a»4 rent. wnw wwaenaKen to explain in the columns of The Llano Colonist, but we are always glad to answer questions —always glad to hear from those who are interested in the progress of our work. And iï you have $250 that you can spare—we are sure that it can never be used so effectively as just at present. It is an investment and not a donation that we are asking you to make,, and you can apply it on a com plete membership or use it for vaca tion purposes at any time you please. o 7=\ 7=^ ? —\ J b JZX/J JtrrdL Y.i.W n ■ n The Electric Plant Problem Has Been Solved. The Next Big Thing in the Line of Construction Is The New Hotel, and We Are Half Way Toward Starting It. NOW Is the Time YOU Can Help Most. Let us Hear From You* Write for more information and tell us what you think of our work. Llano Co-operative Colony Leesville, La. THE RIGHT WAY All biological, social and mental de velopment proceedes in the direction and in conformity with the faculties ex ercised. Our actions, conduct) general activity and behavior builds our char acter. As a man liveth so does he think; or, vice versa, it works also in the opposite direction. When one has by concrete thinking become conscious that an accustomed action caif be im proved upon. And then begins the struggle between the old habit and the new conviction. But if there is suffi cient firmness or backbone in the per son to persist in the better rule of con duct perceived and rationally accepted, a decisive victory for the better or the best is only a question of time. An un wavering reliance upon definite and de monstrated knowledge is genuine faith; the substance of things not seen, that will win its goal. Merely to believe something that one has been told or read in a book, but has no bearing upon one's immediate condition or affairs and has no practi cal effect in our every-day'life here and now, cannot save any one either to-day or in any future to come. Ar bitrary wilfulness and despotic methods have never resulted in the upliftment and advancement of humanity any-1 j,«"U c , j where. "Spiritual wickedness, mental Perversity and deliberate falsehood, am °ng the bigwigs (rulers in church and state), in his day were denounced by the sage of Nazareth and charged with responsibility for the wretchedness of the despoiled masses of the Jews. If the mere belief that he existed and was crucified, and the acceptance of him as a savior would save the race from wrongdoing, slavery, exploita tion, wretchedness and misery, it sure ly ought to have done so by this time, and the so-called kingdom of heaven should be established on earth, and the condition of humanity should be one of unalloyed happiness! If not, why not? Would' mere belief in the possibility of electric light, heat and power, when not backed up with corresponding and necessary work, give us those conven iences? Surely not! If then you expect no results in any field of human endeavor that you are acquainted with, unless the necessary work is done how can you expect the co - operative commonwealth, brother hood, to come about if you fail to con duct yourself act in accordance with the requirements of mutual service, equity, reciprocity, predicated by it? ( j Wrangling, quarreling, incitiqg dis sension, insulting faultfinding, does not inspire the feeling of goodwill and en joyable association that initiates and perpetuates a solidarity of fellowship. Co-operation requires a self-discip line of a high order. Without such a discipline it will never come. The co operators must be filled with the spirit of service— not with the ambition arid lust for domination and arbitrary ruler ship. Meie politicians itching for of fice, lacking the essential technical knowledge and skill that an adminis tratorship in a co-operative enterprise calls for, would either soon wreck it or pervert it from its équitable policy. An apprenticeship of eight years has taught the colonists at Newllano that the establishment of the co-operative commonwealth is not primarily a politi cal question at all, but a matter of self disciplin, and a willingness and ability to serve in the position open for^the one who desires to join a co-operative col ony already in existence and functio ning successfully. Flowery beds of ease are not yet available for'anyone. Pioneering never has been an easy job, and is not at Newllano, but it is pregnant with promises of absolute economic security, sane and healthful living, and liberation from predatory exploitation and economic serfdom. This has caused us to join this col ony and to stay with it. It involves faithful work and honest dealing with our fellow co-operators ; kind, consider ate intercourse and congenial associa tion. Present achievements indicate that we are on the right road of deliv erance. RUSSIA SAYS: "DISARM!" (By The Federated Press) Genoa. — Russia has accepted the terms of the convening powers which were made a condition of her entrance to the conference. Together with the rest of the 30 nations Russia agreed to observe her contracts, refrain from ag-» gressive farfare, respect the institu tions of other countries and guarantee justice to foreigners. Chicherin, leader of the Russian de gressive warfare the first bomb when he suggested that the conference dis cuss disarmament. The French im mediately protested. Chicherin remind ed them that at Washington they had said the existence of the Russian army made it impossible for them to disarm and that he wanted to help remove that obstacle. He was ruled out of order. LLANO FtVER Ta the wnn whu se#, "Life Kamt a fever." After reading Comrade Burton's "A Beautiful Dream of Life." Whu ses"Iife haint a fever" shore don't no jest what tha sa; Mi life is reel shaky, nervus-like, I'm burnin awl the da! The doctur whu is tendin me (mi wife's the wun that survs), Ses things is gittin seeryus like, up settin awl mi nurvs. She s wun uv them air docturs (now the name I jest cant spell), Whu ses the things that make yu sik, will awlso make yu well. I kinder recken mabe that the proper sichun'l sound; Fur many times in "sobern up" it's braut me safely round— A throin bricks at tom-kats, an a dod jin snakes awl nite: When mornin cums a bottel's bout awl drives em out uv site. The doctor ses its Llano fevur that has got me rong, An nothin but tu go rite there will ever git me strong. So, reckun that the doctur's rite: that "like is good fur like"; lie tri tu hav mi scripshun fild bi packin up an hike. Dont sa mi like haint fevrest, yu IMMUNES whu feel no feer! Wurs yet, the thing's contagus, and its spreddin mung us heer ! An lest the doctur's remedy gits scurce a littel bit: Ime trine tu git mi scripshun NOW— Ime trine, tu "hit the grit" ! Mi fever is so rajin, (an its mostly in mi hed.) Till "future's roseate picturs" are a lookin bluddy red; An the urstwhile "flours' fragrance" that regaled on "zephyrs" warm, Hav seest thare vizitashuns fur a dark malodrus storm. An the wuntime luvly vishuns in the dreemlan ray mi sleep, Hav changed tu horrid nitemares that jest make the marrow creep. An the "painter" or the "poet" whu cood dwell upon such "themes"— Nun but Dore an but Dante cood du justis tu mi "dreems"! —By R. B. GRACE, a brick mason, who expects to visit us soon and arrange to join the Colony. COST OF PRODUCING WHEAT A contributor to a recent issue of the Country Gentheman says that when a farmer produces 100 bushels of wheat he uses and withdraws from his land certain elements of fertility, in quan- ' tity and commercial value, as follows: Nitrogen, 192 pounds at 15c per pound $28,80; phosphorus, 28 pounds at 3c per .pound, .84; potassium, 71 pounds at 6c per pound 4.26 total $33.90 Here, then, is an element of cost in the production of wheat which is rarely if ever calculated. It amounts to nearly forty cents pel' bushel, and when you add to this the cost of seed, of la> bor, of the depreciation of machinery used in plowing, seeding, harvesting and transporting the same to market, the cost of marketing, the power used, whether by horses or tractors, we begin to realize the cost of production is far greater than generally supposed. The land upon which the wheat is grown is the farmer's capital. The fertility of it must be preserved, or the yield will be diminished from year to year until finally it becomes valueless, in which event, not only the farmer suf fers, but the people who depend upon him for bread, are likewise impoverish ed. The nation must have bread. It is plainly, therefore, the concern of every person, whether a farmer or not, to see that the tiller of the soil shall receive enough for the products of his land to cover the cost of produc tion—enough to enable him to put back into his soil the elements of fer tility which the processes of produc tion withdrew—-with enough besides to compensate him for all other chare _ _ _ i«ii. i r « . , es named, including enough for his la bor that he will be enabled to fortify himself against the days of idleness and non-production which old age is sure to bring. It appears also that this element of cost in grain production has never been totaled, for this Country Gentleman distributor declares that owing tq these accumulating losses the American grain farmer has never made anything ex cept in the increased value of his land, which has occurred in spite of fertility depletion and because of its dimminish ing supply in ratio to population. But we pause to inquire in what re spect the increase in the value of his land has benefited the real farmer? Unless he wishes to sell his farm or mortgage it, the increased value has proven a detriment, for it has simply multiplied his taxes without multiply ing productive power.— Oklahoma Leader. • ,• , . ' 18 ma ing a nve W1 La Prevoyance Belgian co-operative in Belgian Labor party unions to insure the lives öf a workers of the Kingdom. The i able success already achieved co-operative enterprise is shown in its report of December 31, 1921. On that date it had insured the lives of 131,337 workers, besides protecting 73361 homes with fire insurance, and provid ing accident insurance policies as well. The resources of La Prevoyance Soci ale exceed sixty million francs, with a cash surplus of two and one-half mil lion francs in the treasury. The British workers are securing in surance without cost through their Co operative Insurance Society, a branch of the great British Co-operativee Wholesale Society. Free insurance benefits are given to co-operators in amounts based on the total of their yearly purchases. Thus the working man with a large family who buys all his goods from the co-operative store is protected by insurance much great er than that given to the professional man's family of two which makes only occasional purchases at the co-opera tive store. The Co-operative Insur ance Society is now extending its pro tection to the employes of the 1550 co-operative stores of the United King dom, the majority of which have al ready adopted the plan. Co-operative life insurance, like co operative banking, exists all over Eu TL _ c. • _ a . r* »1 rv rope. The Swiss, the Danes, the Finns, and the Germans show what can be done when the workers unite co-opera tively to secure like insurance at cost. The Danish Insurance • Society "Tryg" is now doing a business on which the premiums alone exceed four million kroner a year, while the Danish Dairies and Agricultural Accident Insurance Society writes policies at cost for the farmers, with annual premiums of over two and one-fourth millions. American workers and farmers are turning millions of dollars a year over to private insurance companies control led by the big bankers, who use the money thus deposited to cut the work ers' throats. If European co-operators have brains enough to run successful insurance societies, surely American workers ought to be able to do so, too. If you have any printing to be done, let us figure on it.