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Creating a New World
by Co-operative Production By ALBERT F. COYLE Executive Sec'y, All American Co-op erative Commission; Editor, Loco motive Engineers' Journal. SO MUCH has been written in this country about consumers' co-op t eratives that we are prone to over look the remarkable achievements of workers cooperative production socie ties both here and abroad. We are, of course, familiar with the success attain ed by American farmers in co-operative production. The census of 1920 shows that products of over cne-half million farms valued, above one billion dollars are handled cooperatively. Indeed throughout the middle West^ the most thriving forms of co-operation are the producers.' dairies, creameries, cheese factories, elevators, flourmills, and plants. While not discounting •neat . --- -oj the value or consumers cooperation,' the farmer-producer has learned by years of hard experience that it is more important for him to unite co operatively to get fair prices for the product he has to sell than it is to ef fect a small saving in the goods he needs to buy. The workers of Europe are looking more and more to productive coopera tion as the basis for a just and stable economic order. Dcceni men are sick and tired of a system 111 which the sole is greed for private profits. They see all around them the social havoc wrot by running industry " to make money" rather than to serve the needs of their fellow men Even the dullest worker is prodded out of his indifference in times of industrial depression, when he has no work and his family has no bread because the men who own the jobs close their factories until the need for goods is so acute that society will again pay them the profits they demand. These are the reasons why the work ers of Europe today are determined to build a new world in which service and not greed is the mainspring of human action, in which gain without labor shall no longer exist. This is the rea son why Ameiican workers are taking a new interest in the possibilities of co operative production and are steadily increasing the number of sucressful produrers' co-operatives. It is the basis THE RE-BUILD Need of Höfel and Other Buildings Daily Becomes More Urgent.-New Electric Light and Power Plant Provid ed For.-Next Is New Hotel L.I ANO m BLi-m MS Eflffl fflE aiiF LXLliffl EBB am m m B_Œ Œlffl ELJS Llano Colony will soon have a new electric light and power plant, a visit ing comrade having advanced the en tire amount for its purchase and erec tion. We now have half the necessar^ funds for the first brick residence build ing, the elevation and floor plans for which are shown here and about which we have been talking for some time. This building is to be only a part (one of the wings) of our complete hofel arrangement, which will include several such buildings around a central unit which will house the kitchens, din ing rooms, cafeterias, library and read ing rooms. It is estimated that this first4>rick building would cost $60,000 to. have it built by contract. But by building it with our own labor and almost entire ly out of materials from the natural resources on Llano land, the cash out lay is proportionately small. The workers have built all the fine hotels, but few have aspired to live in them, and our object is not only to in spire the desire to do so, but also to o^fer the opportunity to the workers. There are many co-operators who are not yet prepared to take up their permanent abode with us in Newllano City, and for these comrades rooms are reserved at $250 each, and the patron may come at any time and occupy the room as long as he desires. This plan offers advantages to those who plan to spend the winter in the South, as by the reservation of a room they can live with us the greater part of three winters—250 days in all—be fore their investment is used up. By living with us, we mean that you will be entitled to eat three meals a day with us. We will not lose anything on this arrangement. Our present hotel rate is $1.00 per day for room and board, and there is no reason for rais ing the price, as food is produced too cheaply to necessitate that — with the wastes and profits of capitalism aU.-.L ishecL # Any balance am a wop«n«oi «■ a room reservation may at any time be credited on a full membership appli cation, and we earnestly invite all co operators to visit us at any time they are able to do so and familiarize them selves with our achievements and our aims. If one can spend only a week or two, he will in that short time be able to learn much as to our resourc es and the soundness of our plans and the wonderful possibilities of the co operative efforts of those who produce the wealth of the world but have it taken from them in a thousand forms of profit, interest. a«4 feat 'mm mswm iHKfeftaken to explain in the columns of The Llano Colonist, but we are always glad to answer questions —always glad to hear from those who are interested in the progress of our work. And if you have $250 that you can spare—we are sure that it can never be used so effectively as just at present. It is an investment and not a donation that we arc asking you to make, and you con apply it on a com plete membership or use it for vaca tion purposes at any time you please. o 7=^ 7=\ JM M v s \ \ \ i ^ V—ff •p.*cW The Electric Plant Problem Has Been Solved. The Next Big Thing in the Line of Construction Is The New Hotel, and We Are Half Way Toward Starting It. NOW Is the Time YOU Can Help Most. Let us Hear From You. Write for more information and tell us what you think of our work. Llano Co-operative Colony . . Leesville, La. I ..v,u ÖI . „c un Ulliy Ihuch and then he is thru, " T ._ llIC u™ w the physicial and material needs of life, it is restricted and. conditioned the Plumb plan of railway control es poused by two and one-half million A mencan railroad employes. It is the essence of the proposal of the 600,000 United Mine Workers to end anarchy in the coal industry forever by operat mg the mines of the country for service and not for profit. The men who do the work of the wprld are demanding not only just wages and security of em ployment they are demanding that de mocracy be applied to industry as well as to government, that they have a voice in the direction of the enter Prise > n which they have invested all tnat they are and have—their labor and their lives. The supreme interest of men in life is not measured by what they consume, but by what they produce. As a con sumer man is on a level with all other forms of animal life. Like the pig at the trough he can only consume so fhuch and then he is thru. As a pro ducer, man exercises the highest talents intrusted to him by his Maker—the cre ative instinct, the desire to produce. This is what differentiates man from brutdom. It has been his crowning glory in all ages. It is the basis of civiliza tion, of art of religion, of all that has enriched and inspired the life of the human race. Valuable as consumers' cooperation is in reducing the cost of every ' " ' side by the material limitations upon man as a consumer. Its ultimate goal is a social order in which production and distribution would be controlled by a gigantic consumers' trust dominating all industries and determining what goods should be made and who should make them The aim of producers' co operation is to give control of the in dustries and professions to the men who actually do the work, who know better than anyone else how to operate them efficiently, and whose purpose is not merely to turn out the cheapest possible product for the consumer, but the creation of the bfest and finest product that human ingenuity and de votion can devise. Just as man find their souls not in what they eat, but in what they create, so will men find the long sought era of brotherhood not in saving pennies on their purchases, but in the dedication of their highest abili tieh to the satisfaction of the wants RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDITIONS In an advertisement in the 1821 De cember "Nautilus," Holyoke, Mass., the head of a mental science correspond ence school has one Walt Le Noir .Church give the following laudatory boost in iavor of this particular school : "I have been here long enough to find that while all other systems of thought are concerned chiefly with the manip ulation of things, the M. K. system is interested in THE CAUSES whereby conditions are created. For this reason it is universal and unlimited. It is the key to every system of thought in ex istence, either ancient or modern, reli gious or philosophical, occidental or oriental. It is THE KEY which is be ing USED BY THE STRONG PEOPLE of the earth, those who no not believe in the virtue of poverty, or the beauty of self-denial." When I attended the first lesson on mental science in the Colony a visitor present thought it was unwise to pay any attention to the subject because he had been creditably informed that psy chology and mental science were stud iel chiefly for the purpose of imposing upon, influencing, and deluding people in order to separate them from their money or other property. One of my mental science teachers almost" a quar ter of a century ago told me that one could impose upon and tell the com mon run of people almost anything and it would be believed. Now, if the knowledge and use of mental influ ence is such a subtle weapon through which one may be imposed upon, de spoiled and enslaved, should not ordin ary precaution dictate the wisdom of studying this very subject in order that one may learn to protect hirr^sel f from being victimized by it, and how to use it constructively for the common wel fare? Things, forces and processes in na ture in themselves are neither good or bad, but neutral. Only the manner in which they are used determines whether they affect mankind detrimentally or beneficially. Therefore, a scientific understanding of the proper use of things and of our thought processes is of supreme importance to every human being who aspires to lead a rational and useful life. The experimental philosophy of mo dern science has ^demonstrated that whatsoever occupies the attention of a man or woman, if in harmony with the and needs of their fellow men. This is the essence of producers' coperation. mines destiny. Experience thoroughly analyzed- results in definite and accu rate knowledge. Whenever the mind is occupied with such definite, and ac curate knowledge it can forecast and bring about all ideals that are essential and of utmost importance to human wellbeing and to the satisfaction of ev ery worthy aspirationn. A clear under standing of life and its essential re quirements are indispensable to its per fect expression and manifestation. No substitute can take the place of such a clear understanding. Intelligent liv ing is possible only through uncompro mising honest thinking. Just as the phenomena of light out side of him enables men to distinguish the forms, size, color and intervening distance between objects, etc., so knowledge, experimentally gained, de monstrated and verified (the light that never shone on land or sea) enables man to use the things, materials, pro cesses, phenomena and all other facts in nature, and of human institutions that environ him and that he has to deal with, as well as his own needs, longings, desires and aspirations, to sanely meet the requirements of the lat ter through harmonious co-operation with every innate characteristic of na ture's constitution. / While high ideals, authorized by ac- i curate knowledge, are of greatest val- 1 ue and highly inspiring, mental delu sions of all kinds on the other hand, are the most dangerous and destructive of intoxicants, whether they take the form of deliberate deception, errone ous misinformation, illusiory suggest ions and unjustifiable blind expect ant hopefulness, or soporific solace and consolation. There is no relief, no improvement, no betterment, no salvation possible except through the application of accurate knowledge. That is the fact that the mental science class at Llano aims to drive home into the minds of its students. Something that can be learned only be patient study. Anything and everything can be accomplished and done when one learns patiently, persistently and thor oughly "how" to do it. Self-stultifi cation will not get you anywhere. Wordy contention will not get anybody anywhere. By your works, your ac tions, and its effects upon others, you are justified nr you are condemned. Is the world war and its destructive fury a justification for the insatiable greed of plutocracy? Think it over. Has angry discussion and wrangling accom plished any good? Not so far as we can see. We believe in voluntary co operation, and we furthermore believe . , ■ Y Everyone in Llano Colony practical ly elects himself to the work he engag es in. At least everybody is given a chance to do that as far as the present facilities of the Colony make it possi ble. The idea is that what anyone is really interested in, loves and prefers to do, »will also call forth his best ef forts and give the most satisfactory re sults all around. When a lot of peo ple have been engaged in harmonious teamwork for years, have found each other dependable and learned through practical experience how to co-operate together successfully for mutual bene fit, they no longer suspect each other of ulterior motives when one or more of them advocate some added innova tion that they believe will improve the association of the colonists. Taking a snapshot judgment at such a propo sition and imputing wrong motives is not showing the right spirit, and gives evidence of failure to understand the colonists' characters. People cannot learn how to co-oper ate out in competition. When a new comer arrives from the outside world, he enters upon an entirely new exper ience. Out in the çompetitive world everyone has to look out for himself in opposition to everyone else, while in this colony every working member is provided with everything within the resources of the organization that he may need. There is no occasion for selfish solicitude, no need of trying to gain an advantage over one another. The interests of all colonists are identi cal and not antagonistic to one anoth er. No one is benefited at the .expense of another. Everyone is treated alike ana all fare alike. There is no favor itism. It is a working democracy. The results that are accomplished are the compensation for the co-operative work, neither more nor less. The in tercourse and the association that the co-operators experience depends upon the attitude and conduct of each indi vidual colonist. Knowink the state of mind of the new-comer, and having undergone the transforming discipline that changed them from competitors into co-opera tors, is there anything wrong when the colonists plan to adopt a systematic ed ucation and training to assist probation that if the thought and strength and means that are squandered in mental friction were turned in constructive and creative channels, wonderful achievements in world betterment could be realized in a comparatively short time. a the is entirely apart tive and technical Colony. The gence and spirit,of one, and it depends on what an extent they will this work. If we are to co-operate at stands to reason that the better one adapts himself to the ideal the more enjoyable and : tory our relations will be. A ful plan of education and self-disci pline, deduced from the experience tried and true- colonists can enly be of the greatest assistance to every one who joins the colony on probation. Co-operation is not a dollar and cents proposition in any wry. It is a matter of making the colony more comprehensive and complete with every passing day. There must be a broad ening out to provide the different planes of development among the member ship such things in the matter of food etc., that they believe best suited to' them. There is no competition in that. The "Kiddoos' " cafeteria was started with that object in view. When the orchards of the colony are a few years further along the fruitarians, vegetar ians, or meat eaters can take their choice and select the respective«aliment that may best satisfy the respective palates. Knowledge and understanding of our life requirements will usher in the age of liberty. Wrong ways and "habits of all kinds will be abandoned. People will think right, live right, feel right, and conduct themselves right, and will enjoy peace and plenty forevermore. CHRONIC FAMINE IN NEW YORK CITY (3y The Federated Press) New York. — There are in the New York City public schools 60,000 chil dren so undernourished that they are classified as handicapped. They in clude crippled, tubercular, cardiac and otherwise unfortunate children whose condition is directly or indirectly due to semi-starvation. So bad is their con dition that it is described by John J. Lyons, secretary of state and chair man, School Children's Welfare League, as "bordering on famine." Be a booster; boost co-operation in action.