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By Joshua Long Comrade, Mrs. E. E. Fiechter (Ne braska), a loyal subscriber, joins the D. U. C. and says: "I enjoy reading the 'Colonist' very much—it makes one's evefy-day affairs seem more worth while." And we might add: These expressions of appreciation from our comrades on the outside puts "pep" into the printship bunch and makes our efforts seem more worth while. * # ¥ ¥ Comrade John W. Cannon (Louis iana swats the thermometer and the ■mercury climbs a notch higher. He has joined the "conscientious boosters" and expects to pay us a visit soon. ^ ¥ Comrads H. L. Wells (Calif.), an •old-time member and subscriber, says that, when he reads the Colonist, it makes him think of home, and he sends a healthy contribution to the building fund to help materialize that "new home." ¥ * * * • Comrade Dr. J. R. Brown (Illinois) orders a bundle of "May-Day Col onists and says: "This issue is excel lent propaganda—hope to see you is sue more like it." Well, Comrade, we "have the printshop connected up to the new electric power plant now and ev ery issue, henceforth, will be May-Day quality. Go after that new subscriber and remember: Count that day lost. Whose low descending sun. Sees no worthy project tackled, Much less a subscription won. « * * * Comrade J. W. Thorn (Arkansas) sends sub for the Colonist and asks for "Colony Leaflets" to use on the unre deemed and says: "Every time I read the Colonist, my fever goes higher— I want to be there to help." There is only one cure known for such a "fever" —a liberal dose of co-operation taken before and after each meal, for the re mainder of one's natural life; and here is the place to take it. « * * * Comrade W. H. Hauenstein (Mis souri) sends the mercury a notch high er in the circulation thermometer, and adds: "I am well pleased with the 'Colonist'—it is interesting to read." The Colonist is interesting, Comrade H., because it has a message; it also has a mission, and that is to arouse the comrades everywhere to a realization of the fact that it is up to them to assist us in building the Co-operative Commonwealth to take the place of the social wreck which Capitalism is bring ing down upon us. How about the neighbors—it's possible that they might also be "interested" in the message— did you ever try them for a sub? LLANO — The Trail That Leads to the Co-operative Commonwealth SINCE THE DAYS of Jesus Christ, the human heart has longed for the time when no man's hand would be against the hand of his neighbor, a time when, each man's interest would be identical with the best interests of the whole community. The progressive thinker, all down through the march of civilization, has yearned for a bet ter state of society in which to live. For this reason, more than any other, men and women have left their native soils and tak en up the duties and terrible hardships of pioneers, searching for the golden opportun ity. From the East men gö West; from the West they go farther West; but the smeary hand of exploitation has always followed close behind, leaving them often drained to the point of poverty. To get away from the tithe-paying system —from rent, interest and profit—men have struggled and fought and planned. Coloniz ation enterprises have come into being in many parts of the world, having as their ob ject the grouping of congenial workers in an effort to eliminate these objectionable phases of human life. Many of them have partly succeeded, only to be wrecked upon the rocks, because of a lack of understanding of each other's motives. After studying most of the former attempts at co-operative colonization, and marking well the rocks and sjioals in the stormy seas, Job Harriman founded a co-operative com munity at Llano, California, on May 1st, 1914. This community operated and pros pered at this location until 1917, when the water for irrigation purposes proved unequal to the growth of the Colony, and a new and more resourceful location was found in Lou isiana, where they are now located. Founded on three great principles of soci ology—equality of opportunity, equality of income, and equality of ownership, the Llano Colony has proven that men and women can live together in harmony and prosper. This Colony is incorporated under the law as a protection against unscrupulous persons and disgruntled self-seekers. Imagine if you can, a miniature co-operative commonwealth, and you have Llano Colony. Imagine a com munity where all the land, the farms, tools, Comrade Milo Henne (Ohio) sends for a bundle and says: "I sure enjoy the 'Colonist'; it is better with each issue." The Colonist grows as its sup port from the outside grows, Comrade H., so you see how necessary it is for you fellows out there to keep everlast ingly at it to extend our influence by increasing our circulation. Always re member that we are not publishing this paper for the purpose of tickling the fancy of our readers, but to reach the world with our message of colony co operation, a fid you are the "wires" thru which the message must pass. We must have subs to subsist, so you must not subside. * * * * Comrade R. S. Carter (Canal Zone) doesn't seem to catch the big idea of the D. U. C.—thinks it should be "dol lar-down" like buying furniture on the installment plan; well, anyway, it does not matter whether it's "heads up" or trails down," just so we get the dollars for the co-operative movement. He pays a "dollar down" for the 'Co-op erator' and says of the 'Colonist': "It is one of the most popular papers I get ; people ask for it before I get through reading it myself, and if I leave my cop ies lying around carelessly, they "dis appear"—seem to sort of "evaporate." Comrade Gleeser would say that this is the "law of attraction" getting in its work; well, why not set a trap—bait it with "Colonists" and then catch the "evaporator"—make him subscribe? No charge for the idea. * * * * Comrade Walter LePlant (Wash.) caught a Colony leaflet on the fly— read it—became interest—subscribes for the Colonist and asks for literature, that he may learn more about us. 'Tis thus that the "law of attraction" gets in its work, and the mercury goes a notch higher. Moral : Keep a supply of Colony Leaflets on hand and pass them out to your comrades and friends—they are all potential subscribers and colon Comrade Dr. John DeQuer (Utah), an "old times" colonist, watches our "temperature" and keeps a finger on our "pulse." In a letter to the "boss man," he says: "We surely enjoy "The Publications' and watch carefully your every progress." * * * * Comrade E. J. Hoehne (Calif.) sub scribes for both the Co-operator and the Colonist and thought some of join ing the Colony, until a mutual friend (?) advised that the low altitude and climate conditions would ruin his health —funny isn't it— that we should con tinue to be told that we are located in the swamps and are racked wih fe and industries are all owned by the collectiv ity; where each works for the other; where each receives the same compensation for a day's work; where no member will accept anything which any other member cannot have on the same terms, if he desires it— in short, imagine a place where the golden rule is the only law imposed upon the com munity, and you are picturing the Llano Co operative Colony. After eight years of work, Llano Colony is rated in the commercial world as worth over $250,000. But Llano's least asset is its com mercial rating. The fullness of life, the joy of living, the satisfaction of working, the security for, the future, the healthy environ ment, the opportunity for education, the af fection of your fellowmen—these are prized more, much more, than what the commercial world calls success. This colony now has something like thirty industries, all collectively owned. Among these are: apiary, auto garage, building de partment, brick-making plant, blacksmith - shop, butcher shop, broom factory, crate making factory, chicken farm, dairy with about 20 milking cows and a herd of thoro bred Holstein heifers, goat ranch, hog ranch, with several hundred Duroc-Jersey hogs, sweet-potato storage houses, dressmaking, grist mill, handle lathes, hotel, hospital, li brary, steam laundry, land clearing, fruit or chards, print shop, peanut butter factory, magazine and weekly newspaper, picture show and theater, wagon-making shop, can dy kitchen, shoe shop, harness shop, and many other smaller concerns. Then Llano's farms and gardens provide the bulk of the living for the colonists, the farmers specializing on sweet potatoes, su gar cane, peanuts, corn, beans, peas, etc., while the gardens provide greens and gar den truck for the table the year around. The system of government is exceedingly simple. Stock is sold in the corporation at one dollar a share, and only stock-holders are employed by the Colony. An agreement of employment is entered into between the Colony as an organization and each individ ual. Each member is employed at what he best can do, or which needs most to be dope. A board of directors is selected each year by the stockholders, which board in turn vers and malaria when there "ain't no sich animules" around here? Our hos pital is being Used as a rooming hqpse and our doctor has been put in charge of the horticultural department just to have something to do. » 9 * * We've been hard put, the past four years, to correct the errors and allay the fears, of certain folks who are in clined to think of "Loozyanne" as a veritable sink, of brakes and swamps and turgid sloughs, which never were meant for man to use, that stretch away for miles and miles—a heaveo on earth for crocodiles and deadly snakes and mosquitoes gay, that work two shifts— both night and day—their poison sting and stifling coil all dreams of peace and comfort spoil; while from off that vast expanse of swamp, miasmic waves are said to romp and carry upon their fetid wings a formidable array of awful things, like fevers and agues and ac companying chills—a fruitful source of doctor's bills—such epidemics as in the past have caused the world to stand aghast—a time which now to us seems vague, when the South was swept by a withering plague of yellow fever, and cholera, too, till in the minds, of the people grew a deep-set fear of "the stricken state—and they left it alone to its sad (?), sad fate. They went up North to the prairies vast aqd brav ed the long cold winter's blast; they went "out West" to the central plain and starved to death for lack of rain; some pressed on to the mountains grand, but failed to find the promised land—then over the summit and down the slope, still spurred by faith and buoyed by hope, they tried the desert and coastal plain, and now they are headed back East again; East by South as the sailors say, our Pilgrim Comrades are making their way, 'cross Arizona's burning sands and Western Texas' barren lands—on and on till, behold! afar, on their wearried sight/ bursts forth a star—star of the East as in days of old, to lead them back into the fold. We are not so sure but that some day the ones who new are prone to say that "Loozyanne's climate's bad," that "nothing good is ever had," that " prospects here are worse than black," will wish, himself, that he were back—yes, right back here and draw ing lots for a stack of Mother Craw ford's "hots," or lining up with us fa vored guys to store away some of "Mat zy's" pies; think he'd be none too good to snatch a yellow-leg from last spring's hatch and bolt it down like a gospel heaver and never ask if it had a fever. But, jokes aside, there is no doubt that Llano Colony is just about as healthy a place as it could be—as a normal ■man might wish to see; proof of this we do not lack—the "prodigal sons" are coming back. We dedicate this little gem to a guy by the name of W. M. Drop a word for co-operation when you can. Send for some free leaflets selects a general manager. He selects his foremen for the various industries, and each is selected carefully according to his ability to do-the work and to direct his men. Each manager is given a free hand to ryn his department, always with the supervision oft the manager and board of directors, in order that his actions may not be contrary to the collective welfare. New industries are started from time-to time as necessity demands. The object of Llano's industries is to provide the Colony with what it needs, rather than to make a profit, by selling the products. Production for use is our slogan. Thus to make its own / food, clothing and shelter, to provide as far as possible every convenience and comfort is the final object. To get as nearly as pos sible to the source of wealth, the Colony will raise sheep for wool; cotton can be raised, and the colonists can weave their own cloth and make their clothing. The Colony's timber lands are now fur nishing hardwood and pine for its buildings, its brick plant makes the necessary brick and can make tiling, hollow tile, etc., for its own homes. The farm and gardens of the Colony have provided the tables with most of the good things which nature offers. Thus the three important problems are easily solved. The Colony now owns about 5000 acres çf land, some of it of very fair character, varying from bottom land to rolling land and timber land. It intends to purchase a total of 20,000 acres, because the colonists realize that the movement is destined to grow to large proportions, several small commun ities probably will be settled on the land. When the day's work is done at 4:30, each colonist has an equal opportunity to improve himself along many lines, such as music, vocal training, languages, science, agriculture, orchestra work, dancing, and other diversions. Many of these classes are well attended, and all the colonists realize the fact that to keep progressive they must advance in knowledge. A radical in pol itics and a conservative in everything else is out of place in this community. Llano's school system is*as progressive as the co-operative colony. The children are THE MYSTERY OF MONEY The mystery of money exists by reason of a conspiracy to keep the truth in the possession of the few, and to prevent the public ever dabbling in it. The fear seems to be that if the public mind ever arrives at the condi tion where it can move easily about among money facts, the reign of mon ey control is doomed. The fear is well grounded. Tha[ is probably the way in which knowledge would operate. This of course, is not the same fear that others hold, namely, that the peo ple will act without adequate knowl edge, and thus cause dissaster. That is quite another kind of fear. But is one that suggests its own remedy to prevent the people from acting without knowl edge, the only thing to do is to PRO VIDE THEM WITH KNOWLEDGE. If you try to prevent their action you will only precipitate it. Our rulers hard ly understand how deep and continu ous a hold this question has maintain ed upon multitudes of minds of all de grees of power.—Henry Ford. Mr. Ford is right when he says that when th people thoroughly understand the money question, its «proper solution will also be a matter of speedy action. Direct popular self-government will not tolerate money monoply of any kind In fact money as now constituted will be a thing of the past. There can be no justification for outlawing useful pro ducts of labor from serving in legal set tlement of a valid obligation incurred by enjoying the useful products of an other, as is done by the money laws and the laws concerning the collection of debts at present in force. The laws es tablishing specific means of lawful pay ment and investing bankers with the .monopoly privilege of issuing money is responsible for the whole debt and bonding system. If all the useful work of mankind were recognized and estab lished as a tender in equity for all hon est obligations of every description and all dishonest claims were ruled out en tirely a paper money, issupd for useful and preductive work dofte, would meet all essential requirements. Over ninety years ago, Josiah War ren, a bright Connecticut Yankee, form ulated the maxim "Cost the limit of price" and as labor is what it takes to make natural raw material and natural forces of service and available for hu man needs, labor cost would be the price-fixing determinant. Every community needs an egency for accurate accounting of labor and services exchanged between members of the community one with another, and of the community with the outside world. In a way, the present banks are ser ving in that capacity now, but they are doing it on terms that are bankrupting and enslaving the people. The check system and clearing house methods, now operated by the banks for their own inequitable advantage is really a public function and should be assumed by the people and operated a not driven to learn. The subjects are ar ranged so as to draw out of the child the best that is in him. With this in view, diver sified industrial trades are placed at his dis posal. He may thus gain an insight into a world of endeavor and can choose that which most nearly fits in with his natural ability. The school has its own cafeteria now, where foods more especially adaptable to growing children are prepared by the domestic sci ence class. Music, singing, languages, bot any, agriculture, Esperanto, are among the subjects offered to Llano's children; and there are many opportunities for obtaining a real education, in addition to those pro vided by, the regular state course of study, making them a thinking, alert, self-reliant group of future builders of a co-operative commonwealth. Equal wages are paid to men, women and children. The theory of this is that each colonist owes lo the community his best en deavors, whether he -be learned lawyer, hus ky farmer, or little school child. They give to the whole the best they can, and in re turn receive the bes: -ther can offer. Hospital and doctor are provided when sickness comes, and there are no charges for such social services. Funerals are conducted along the same lines. There is no need for insurance in the Col ony for the dependents receive their support just the same, even if the father be remov ed frOm them. Social life is made by those who live to gether. The great objection to living on the land is the isolation which accompanies it. Here in Llano, the farmers and the industrial workers live close to the center where danc es, entertainments, picture shows, and all manner of good times can be had for the making. No rent is charged for the houses, and any building can be used for meetings with out cost. Men work in whatever industry they are best fitted for. Sometimes they are moved around to different work as is deemed neces sary, but the fact is conceded that each worker works best at something that he likes to do and has fitted himself for. But when it is remembered that each is working for the whole, and the whole is working for the in CLEAR OUT, ASCARIS The Colony is indebted to the U. S. Agricultural Department for three co-operatively for the mutual benefit of all concerned. It has been estimated that c. debt-free credit system can be operated at an expense of /i of 1 per cent per annum that the people would pay in their own products and services. Pay public officials with issues of pap er money in proportion as labor is com pensated in the industries and at the end of every year the public would pay back in the hands of the political ac countants the amount issued for serv ices enjoyed, such as insurances against all kinds of losses, fire, flood, hail, etc., and maintenance of public roads. Every issue when returned to the political ac countants offices would be cancelled, and all public servants would be paid in new series. Bonds and interest-bear ing financial paper would be outlawed and usury made a high crime. Such paper money would in a way be a receipt for useful work done and title for an equivalent of other work, somewhat similar to a title deed to a house. Such a deed does not require to have an intrinsic value in itself. The value is in the house (and the deed is an acknowledgement of the ownership of the house to the person named in the deed. Such paper money can be made as personal as travelers credit checks issued by express companies and bankers' organizations. By proper or ganization, the people can do away with every exertion by which it has hitherto every extortion by which it has hither to been robbel and victimized. INSTALLMENT MEMBERS ATTENTION Llano Colony has need of several trained helpers in the following lines of work, who can now join us. Installment members are called in to take their places when their services are needed in the Colony. The following are now asked to communicate with the general manager at once: » TANNER, BRICKMEN, DAIRYMAN, SHOE REPAIR ER. FARMERS, TEAMSTERS. Applicants must be willing to pioneer a little; and they should be anxious to learn to co-operate. WRITE TO THE GENERAL MANAGER LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY NEWLLANO, VIA LEESVILLE, LA. splendid and ins the Dixie Pride night, May 21, ed, will prove a very profitable for the hog raiser, as well as er of fin« horses. The first ti pictured a round worm that infests hogs and hog pens and fields where hogs are kept and is the cause of heavy losses to hog raisers. The evil can be successfully combatted by proper clean liness and by removing the hogs from the infested runs and yards where they have been kept. Concentrated lye and scalding hot water will clean infested pens. Faithful work will clear out the Ascaris. The third reel, entitled "Highstep pers," pictured the very best specimens in horseflesh on the race track and en gaged in the various labors of the day in city and country. The showing of the pictures was in terspersed with a high-class musical program. The Juvenile orchestra opened and closed the performance with splendid offerings. Mrs. Cantrell sang a charming solo in her fine soprano voice and encored with a popular song of the Colony. Mrs. Martin and Mrs. Collins sang a duet of rare sweetness and cadence and responded with an encore of equal charm. A string quartette, composed of Mr. ani Mrs. Martin, Miss Margaret See lye and Mr. Max Beavers, discoursed sweet melody—a great treat indeed. We are proud of our musicians; they arc most capable and the joy of the Colony. dividual, no one refuses to do what is alloted to him. Women all find lots of work to do. They feed the men at the hotel, wash and iron for them at the laundry, make dresses and over alls and shirts at the sewing department, at tend store, office, etc., wherever their ser vices can be utilized to best advantage. On special occasions such as harvesting, or planting, all the school children are glad to go to the fields and help. It is the com mon food store—and all will help to save the harvest. Men, women, and children will forsake their regular work to help where they can. This is because they are actuated by an ideal. They believe in co-operation with each other. Some co-operators think co-op eration means that others have to co-operate with them, that their lot may be bettered. Llano co-operators realize that each must sacrifice their personal interests and amalga mate with the collectivity. This is the very ideal which has made Llano a signal success in the co-operative field, when other like communities have disintegrated. Men and women will laugh at hardships and pioneering when they are propelled by a brilliantly-visible ideal. Such an ideal is Llano s —to show to the world that humans can co-operate together to build a veritable paradise in which to live, where love and af fection are the predominant personal rela tionships and where the consideration of the other fellows' welfare is not hidden by per sonal greed. In such a community greed, selfishness and jealousy cannot survive long. If you are interested in such a commun ity and such an ideal and would like to learn how to get into practical application and de- / monstration of that ideal, write for more particulars. Ask for "Co-operation in Ac tion," which goes more into the detail of Colony life and is illustrated* by pictures, showing the colonists at work. The Colony has its express and freight agency, and hopes to have its own postoffice At present address all communications to: Llano Co-operative Colony, Newllano, La., (via Leesville). THE LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY NEWLLANO VIA LEESVILLE. LA.