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The Right Development
of Intelligent Manpower Are you in earnest? Seize this very minute; What you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. •Only engage and then the mind grows heated ; Begin, and then'the work will be com pleted.—Gpethe. Froebel, the originator ot the kin dergarten idea, conceived that educa tion, as culture, has to do with chil dren as human plants, which are to be surrounded with circumstances favor able to their FREE development, and to be trained by means suited to their nature. The purpose of the kindergar ten is thus briefly indicated by him: "To assume supervision over chil dren before they are ready'for school life; to exert an influence over their -whole being in agreement with its na ture; to develop their physical powers; to exercise their senses; to employ the awakening mind; to make them thor oughly acquainted with the world of nature and of man; to guide their heart and soul in a right direction, and lead them to understand the origin of all life and to identify themselves with it." "Through play, involving comrade ship and associated activity, he begins to recognize moral relations, to feel that he cannot live for himself alone, that he is a member of a community, whose rights he must acknowledge and respeèt if his own rights are to be ac-1 knowledged and respected. In and,™ through play, moreover, he learns to 1,,-c »„ a * contrive means for securing his ends, to invent, construct, discover, investi gate, te bring by imagination the re mote near, and further, to translate the LANGUAGE OF FACTS into the lan guage of words. * * * The child, thru the spontaneous activity of all his na tural forces, is really developing and strengthening them for future use; he IS. WORKING OUT HIS OWN EDU CATION. "* * * From the insight I have thus gained into their nature, I have learn ed that I as a teacher must educate them in conformity with that nature. I must CONTINUE, not supersede, the course already begun. * * * Above all else, I must not neutralize and deaden that SPONTANEITY which is the MAINSPRING of the machinery." What is true of the child is also true of human beings of all ages; we can learn to know the facts of being only through the exercise of our own facul ties. Intelligent individual selfhood cannot be developed in any other way. Organized knowledge, of material, con crete, objective facts or phenomena, is called science, and it implies that certain objective relations subsisting in the nature of things, between facts or phenomena, are subjectively apprehen ded or understood by the mind. The perception and conception of the na tural relation of facts to each other, and the comprehension of these rela tions under general laws or uniform processes of manifestation, and "the organization of these facts and laws in to one body, the parts of which are seen to be subservient to each other— that is science." Only what a learner acquires thru his own observation of facts thru the exercise of his own senses, and his own reflection upon what he has observed and apprehended, he may with just right call his own knowledge. The psychological meetings at Llano Colony are held for the purpose that the members may learn to understand themselves and to understand each oth er and to fully grasp the requirements upon their attitude and self-directed, co-ordinated activity that integral co operation calls for. The most impor tant thing for anyone who joins the Colony is to learn to think right from the start, and for that purpose young and old should attend the psychologi r j ^ cal meetings. Said Comrade Pickett Thursday night, June 8. And Com rade George D- Coleman said that Llano Colony was in truth and fact a revival of primitive Christianity, which was an economic and social undertaking and not a sectarian one. "It is only when people find pleas ure in right actions, can they be depended upon to perform them. And it is by their early and habitual performance that they will become pleasant. In the formation of such so cially and individually useful habits," says Prof. Irwin Edman in "Human traits," "education is the incomparable instrument. The conduct of individuals is largely fixed by the customary recog nition of certain acts as approved, and others as disapproved. These approv als and disapprovals are transmitted thru education. Education is used here to refer not simply to the formal insti tutions oi teaching, but to the complete social environment, the approvals and disapprovals with which an individual comes in contact." Education is largely effected by our personal habits, as Doctor Tilden of Denver says: "Persistent overindul gence at the table causes gastro-intes ,. £ . . .. , llfes , m lnte S ral harmony with the na , U ! ral institution of the cosmos, visi , ble ° r ."»visible and with one another, L , ls . f . , Tilden continues, , that sickness is the rule and health e exception m our civilization and i ' . no one rea '-y dies of old age, 'does it not stand to reason that some thing is radically wrong with our man tion follow anl this furnishes the basis or cause, directly or indirectly, of all the sickness—so-called disease —and crime calendared. There is quite a popular belief that lay people should not read about disease. That must, of course, depend on what they read. The same can, with as much truth, be said of every form of reading. There is bad and good reading on every subject; there is good and bad in al> books—yes even in good books—and people should read much, that they may learn to judge of the good and the bad. Peo ple who are prejudiced and carry into their reading their preconceptions, of course, will finish as they begin. They cultivate prejudice, which in time bars truth, shuts them out forever from the best in life and sends them to a pre mature grave. The simple open mind is the only one that attracts truth." "When the spirit of truth has come, it shall guide you into all truth," said Jesus of Nazareth. The unqualified desire for truth m. each one of you develops the openly mind that invites entrance in your con sciousness of all data upon any proo lem that you want to solve ana under stand. It enables you to differentiate and discriminate correctly and exercise righteous judgment. We have to know the truth before we can conduct our ner of living? As man (more especially his body) is a digestive and reproduc tive apparatus, it is obvious to the dis cerning and reflective that his derange ments must be abuse of digestion and the function of reproduction. To learn the causes of perverted functioning— cause of disease—the subjects of dis ease must be studied in their relation to their building-up and their tearing down processes. Certainly it stands to reason that these functions must be abused—over-used ; anr in what way, it is necessary to discover; for then the correcting—the curing—may be keeping with the cause. Health 01 body and health of mind will bring har monious co-operation. WHO PAYS UNCLE SAM'S D2BTS? Our Federal Government which we call Uncle Sam is merely an agent of the people. At least that is the case so long as democracy is our method of rule Uncle. Sam doing business for the people is supposed to serve the people in every act. That being the case, Un cle Sam pays no debts—he has no debts. The expense of running the government falls upon the people and they do the paying. When Uncle Sam first began doing business for the people, of course he had not money with which to pay the various officials and employes. But some of the people had brought some gold and silver from Europe and some had mined a little here in America, so Uncle-Sam printed a lot of "promises to pay" called them bonds and traded them to these people for their gold and silver. Then he melted this up into small coins and with these he paid off the officials and employes for their ser vices. These coins were called money and the officials could take them and go among the people and swap them for work or products such as they need ed. This use of gold and silver coins was necessary at that time when the they used from other countries. But, on account of the great power on'which the few gold and silver owners . , , , x . j i j i-. t i neoole had no factories and had little l H j j . I . f i . export trade and had to buy much that thus acquired over both the government and the people, such a money system was very objectionable and should not have been prolonged after the govern ment became well organized and be came supplied with its own factories and many export products. The gold and silver coins of course were of no use to the people generally except as a medium of exchange and the "promises to pay" which Uncle Sam had swapped to the gold and silver owners could have been issued to his officials and his employes who could have then presented them among the people and received their real pay in such commodities and labor as they needed. „ These "promises to pay —these bonds would then have become a paper money, a real democratic medium of exchange. . Every well-established and highly productive government should avail it self of the great advantage of a paper money issue and thus lift from its peo ple the heavy interest burden which a gold and silver Currency System fastens upon them. The Gold and Silver Currency Sys THE OUTLAWING OF USURERS PREDICTED BY WRITER "Slave holders, bond-holders and rumsellers, of 'the three the most ac cursed before High Heaven, will be the bond-holder. The slave holder took only the pro fits of his victim. He clothed, fed and sheltered him. The rum-seller does not compel the community by law to use his liquids, but leaves every man with the right of a free moral agency to accept or reject stock in trade. But with the soulless bond-holder it is different; he goes to the government and bribes it to destroy the people's money, bribes it to issue his bonds, and then taxes everyone, excepting himself only." Thomas H. Proctor, among whose old papers we found the above in his hand-writing, was the author of "The Banker's Dream" and its sequel, "The Banker Hypnotized." * * * His books were reed by many, and even those who thought him visionary had to admit that there was "method in his madness." He startled bankers and business men alike with his portrayals of possi bilities. The slave holder had been outlawed in jy, day . the rum _ se iler has sjnce> and the interest _ bearing bon£ j ho , der wil , ^ out i awed ._ Vineland Independent I AM THE STATE Such was the view of Louis the XIV of France-and as he had 3000 horses in his stables and 600 cooks in his kitchen his Minister of Finance invented the tariff to make the peasant farmers fill the treasury. This idea of "I AM THE STATE" seems to have been made pleasant theme of more than Louis XIV. Presi dent Adams and Alexander Hamilton said'THG RICH, WELL BORN and ABLE should RULE the rest"—and Hamilton, thinking himself'a statesmen, said "The trained stateman cooperating with the Rich Property owner should make the LAWS." Or in other words we WILL GLOAT over the ignorance of the masses and make a profit off of the WEAKNESS of the MASSES." Today we have Capitalistic Socialism —gigantic trusts, mines, oil wells, for ests and water-powers owned by men like Rockefeller—rich property owners who co-operate with stool pigeon politi cians and the people have not yet abol Congress and do not YET vote direct on laws and not for representa tives. It is evident that law making by direct vote would be slo^-by reason of the ignorance of the masses—it is sure that their laws being made in the open and understood by the people—would not breed bonded debts and war—as the statutes of the crooked politicians, manipulated by RICH PROPERTY OWNERS have so far done To be kind and honest NOW requires much wisdom and a determined pur pose to be unselfish. The mob who demanded the release of the ROBBER Barabas, before the crucifixion of Je sus wanted a man or type of man they knew about—a robber—not an hon est reformer turned loose among them. Joseph (son of Isaac), who hoard ed the corn of the Egyptians, and took their lands away from them and made them slaves, was responsible, no doubt, for the stay of the Israelites for for ty years in the wilderness—until the PEOPLE with slave consciousness died off—so that a race of people FIT for freedom might be reared, to appreci ate sitting under thtii' own vine and fig tree. But beware of the men who "say—I AM THE STATE." — Ezra Av^rill, Demophilist, Rte 5, Grand Rapids, Mich. tem not only heavily taxes a people for immense interest payments; but the very presence of an ever-increasing horde of idle interest takers who, with out work, grow richer and richer among , . ■ , . the people, sooner or later undermines |k- ||j , u „„ the moral status of the people and then their pride, their honesty and their am bitions begin to ebb, and the decay of their industries and institutions is in evitable. Sad indeed is the decay of a nation, but history records the fate of many who went the route of the gold and silver Currency System. We ought to beware while it is not yet too late. In a correspondence with Mr. C. R. Chapin of Arlington, Colorado, he gives the following clear and correct inter pretation of the meaning and use of a Paper Currency. He says: "When the government issues Paper Money to its employes and officials in exchange for their services, the ser vice has already been performed, con sequently the government has already performed a service for the people, and the Greenbacks, Treasury Notes, or oth er forme of Paper Money called the floating debt, is not evidence that the people owe the government—govern ment in this case meaning the machine which executes the will of the people and transacts the business of the body politic. "The money received by the official or/employee is evidence that he has per formed a service for the people and is entitled to products that hé desires to the value expressed by that monev. —P. A. Spain, M. D.. Paris, Texas. Once a Month Every day we receive letters from friends of the Colony who express a desire to help us in some way, but who are unable to take out a membership or join the 125-CLUB ; and, until now, there has been no way for them to do so. Now comes a comrade with a suggestion for a systematic plan by which our many supporters of small means may assist in the up-building of the Colony. We are now compelled to spend much of our time and energy in produc ing, articles for sale in the local markets in order to meet current expenses. There would be no objection to this, if we were building only for ourselves; in fact, we should then extend such business to the limit. But we are not building for ourselves alone; our plans are far greater than that—we are build ing for the thousands who are to come—we are building for YOU, Comrades. And every hour we spend in manufacturing products for sale outside of the Colony retards just that much the progress of the Colony as a whole. Every minute of our time; every ounce of our energy, should be put forth in the actual work of building and clearing and preparing for you, who are to come later. The more we are able to do this, the sooner you will be able to join us. There are also many of our friends who, for various reasons, will not make Llano their permanent home, but who, nevertheless, wish to see it grow and be a successful demonstration of the theories they have always believed in. Now it is possible for them to assist the movement in a practical way Llano Dollar-Up Club Acting on the suggestion of this comrade, the LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB has been formed, and we now invite our thousands of well-wishers through out the country to take advantage of the opportunity thus offered them. The LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB is composed of comrades who pledge themselves to give a dollar or more a month, the money to be used to meet current expenses. These expenses are comparatively small, the most of our food and necessaries we produce for ourselves; but there are some thing» that we must buy and pay cash for. The LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB will do this for US and allow US to keep on steadily building for YOU. We are expecting you, comrades, to help us prove to the world that we are right. You may depend on us to do our very utmost—may we depend upon you? If You Can't Help a Lot, I HELP A LITTLE! LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY Newllano, via Leesville, La.