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The Llano colonist. (Llano, Calif.) 191?-1937, July 01, 1922, Image 2

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(By The Federated Pre»»)
Herrin, IH. — "I'll be damned if I
will," were the words of W. J. Lester,
owner of the Herrin strip coal mine,
when urged by Col. Samuel N. Hunter,
Illinois National Guard, to close his
non-union min e here and avoid blood
shed. - Sr
Forty-four men are dead and others
wounded as a result of the ensuing bat
tle between strikebreakers armed with
machine guns and miners on strike. It
is reported that militia has been mob
ilized in Chicago.
Beginning with the shooting of
George Henderson, a union miner, on
the public highway at 3:15 p.m., June
21, Williamson county was in an up
roar for two nights and a day but the
union miners co-operating with Sheriff
Thaxton have restored quiet.
Henderson was walking to Marion
over the county road, taking the near
est route to the county seat. As soon
as news had spread that Henderson
had been shot unarmed the sheriff
rushed to the scene with a number of
deputies and they were forced back by
the constant firing of men in the strip
mine pits, a machine gun in the mine
kept up a stream of fire directed to
ward the public roads. At six o'clock
it was estimated that 1200 men had
gathered at th e pit and had the gun
men surrounded.
Until dark firing was intermittent. A
searchlight at the mine was turned up
on the attackers. A rush was made to
disconnect the power lines. In the
meantime men outside of Herrin arriv
ed. A rush was made over the barbed
wire and breastworks which had been
erected. In the first rush, it is believed
that four of the guards and strikebreak
ers were killed, An airplane was fired
upon by the machine guns from the
Shortly after the airplane had flown
overhead a white flag was raised by
the men at the mine. .The citizens
were informed by Colonel Hunter that
a truce was asked for. He got into
communication with Hugh Wills, repre
senting the United Mine Workers at
Herrin, Robert L. Drobeck, editor of
the miners' paper, and Wm. G. Davis.
As soon as the men in the pits had
been informed of the presence of the
The Labor News
The "Labor News" published in Al
toona, Pa., is the largest LABOR PA
PER published in the state, and gives
you the labor news from home.
Erie Labor Press
17 West 16th Street, Erie, Pa.
A weekly newspaper devoted exclusively to
the interests of the working class. Member
of the Federated Press News Service. Official
organ Central Labor Union and Socialist Party
in Erie County, Penn'a. Live, snappy, breezy.
Sample Copy free on request. One Year, $1.50.
Trial Subscription—10 week», 25c.
The Er et Stock-Raising
Preparing for Agriculture, Horticul
ture, Manufacturing, Stock-Raising,
Merchandising, operation of restaur
ants, hotels, libraries and places or
amusement. And on Loans of
or more, we will pay 8 per cent per
annum. Interest payable semi-annu
ally.' Object: For securing live-stock
and machinery for the employment of
Labor. All transactions between mem
mers conducted by the Labor Exchange
Check system.
and As it
Should Be—by Annie Besant. An intensely
intere»ting brochure, 25c. "Law of Popula
tion" (birth control) by Annie Besant, /5c.
"The Scarlet Review," 25c. "Diana, a psy
cho-phy.iological essay on sex relation», /3c.
"The Crucible," (agnostic weekly) -four dif
ferait sample», 10c (none free).
1330 First Ave, Seattle. Wash,
A FREE EARTH—The Abolition of
Privilege through Worker»' Money-. N«. other
paper goe* tso thoroughly into this subject as
Says the secretary of The Llano rubhea
tions: We like your paper very much: we are
heartily in sympathy W'th P°l> c y> ™ we
wish there were more like it."
Published weekly; $1.00 a year; $1-50
outside the United State».
9 pu m aip pue 'sjuapaoaid pue
Bay View Skagit Co., Wash.
mine officials the white flag was raised.
It had been there but a second when
several of the armed men who had
hoisted it reopened fire.
When it was seen that the flag of
truce was being used as a ruse it was
decided that no' quarter would be
granted. Firing began agaia and rein
forcements brought ammunition and
several carloads of food. The screams
of injured men in the pits could be
heard above the roar of-the battle and
a voice, supposedly that of Superin
tendent K. C. McDowell, shouted to
the men that the first man to attempt
to leave the pit would be shot.
More reinforcements arrived until at
least 800 automobiles lined the roads.
At daybreak the sheriff's men formed
in column. Knowing the dangers they
ran at the hands of the machine guns
and repeating rifles, they worked their
way into the stronghold and captured
those who remained alive.
Breast plates were found on the
guards. A total of 69 men is believed
to have been in the mine when the
battle began. Many, it is believed are
buried underneath the earth which was
loosened by several severe blasts of
dynamite. Several of those who were
taken from the pits alive were later
found in the woods near Herrin by
Sheriff Thaxton, State's Attorney De
los Duty and Editor Drobeck, dead or
dying of bullet wounds. The sheriff
ordered the dead taken to Marion and
Herrin. The injured were taken to the
Herrin hospital where it is believed the
six who still had a chance for-recovery
will remain until they can be sent to
their homes at Chicago.
The office of the United Mine Work
ers here was besieged by telephone
calls asking for information. Only
three members of the miners' union
were hit by bullets. John Pitscavitch,
Herrin, was shot while on the public
road and is <-xpeci<d to recove- Roy
Hudgens, Marion, and George Hencer-.
son, Jeffrey, were fatally wotnided.
Several men,, voie found han^:p.g
along the roadside with placards fasten
ed to them. The jju.cards had on ch:m
the word scabs. T! e superintended! -f
the mine had an artificial leg and on
the leg, eithçr written or burned ill
with a poker, was the same inscription.
No property was damaged other than
that at the mine. There was no riot
ing. At the powdei plant lake near
Herrin, bloody footprints led directly
down to the water and disappeared.
It is believed that one of the strike
breakers, after having been injured
made his way to the water's edge, fell
in the lake and was drowned.
The coroner and other county offi
cials found a number pretending to be !
badly hurt. One of the wounded, Wil
liam Cairns, a scab veteran of many
strikebreaking campaigns in nearly all
the coal fields of the nation, a, six-foot
giant, was found to be suffering with
only a flesh wound and needed no as
sistance in getting up the steps of the
hospital. Following the clearing of the
mine pits, living quarters, which were
box-cars, were burned. One of the
forts discovered by the citizens con
tained over a thousand rounds of rifle
cartridges. This ammunition was de
stroyed along with a tank of poison
Blood covers the earth for hundreds
of feet around. Pieces of flesh are
to be seen hanging on fences where
wounded men made their way through.
Joseph O'Rourke, one of the strike
breakers lying wounded in the Herrin
hospital was enticed down from Chi
cago by the employment agencies with
the understanding that the union min
ers had agreed to their coming and that
there would be no trouble.
(By The Federated Pre«)
Milan, Italy. — A united front of
the workers of Italy has been estab
lished owing to the dangerosu propor
tions assumed by the "fascisti" i
ment. At a recent meeting of repre
sentatives of the General Confederation
of Labor, affiliated with Amsterdam,
the Italian section of the Red Interna
tional affiliated with Moscow, and the
Syndicalists, a joint committee was cre
ated which will direct the united efforts
of these three wings of the labor move
ment along the following lines: the
demand for liberty of action and of
meeting, now virtually denied because
of the lawless interference by the fas
cisti; safeguarding of the rights al
ready gained by the workers, especially
the eight-hour day.
Not a day passes of late that does
not witness the destruction of some
trade union building or center, or the
murder of some working-class leader,
or the dismemberment of some labor
newspaper establishment. A common
danger is therefore making the workers
formet their tactical and party differ
ences in the face of a common enemy.
The progress of Truth is slow but
its ultimate triumph is secure.—Pea;»
(By The Federated Press)
New York. — New York is the rich
est state in the union—whatever that
may mean. Foj two years an investi
gation has been in progress of its rur
al schools—an investigation by a joint
committee of exceedingly conservative
organizations: The Farm Bureau fed
eration, the Dairymen's league, the
State Grange, the State College of
Agriculture, the state department of
education, and the State Teachers' as
sociation. In its report, just completed,
t'fie following facts are set forth about
the country schools of the state:
Ninety-five percent of the one-te, -.ch
er school buildings are of the "bos-car"
type, most of them with insufficient
light. Eighty-five percent of them are
heated with ordinary stoves which
scorch th e children sitting near them
and leave those in the corners shiver
In 61 percent of the schools the pu
pils have to use a common towel—that
is, one towel in common. Five percent
have no towel at all.
The average grounds of these coun
try schools contain little more than a
quarter of an acre. When pupils play
running games they must use the road
or a neighbor's field.
The average teacher's salary in these
one-teacher schools in 1920-1921 was
$837. For this, the teacher in almost
all cases not only teaches but does
nearly all the janitor work, sweeping
the floor daily and in many cases do
ing the scrubbing. The teacher usually
lives with the family of some of her
pupils and helps the housewife with her
work for an hour cr so every day.
One cut of four of the teachers in
the one-teacher schools is not old
enough to vote.
(By The Federated Pre*»)
New York. — Fifty thousand men's
clothing workers in New York City
haTje quit work in the Amelgamated
Clothing Workers' drive to force all em
ployers in the industry to live up to the
terms of their contract with the union.
The specific purpose of the stoppage
is to compel the manufacturers to reg
ister their contractors with the New
York joint board of A. C. W., and
thus to eliminate the sub-contractors
who do not comply witih union work
ing conditions and standards.
It is regarded as certain that about
one-half of the workers will have re
turned to their jobs within a few days,
and little opposition is expected from
most of the manufacturers. There is
no dispute over wages, and the union
has made no demands except that the
manufacturers shall respect the con
tract signed at the clos e of the last
strike a year ago.
Settlements already have been made
with 115 of the largest manfacturers,
providing for the immediate return to
work of between 12,000 and 14,000
(By The Federated Press)
Cincinnati. — A. F. of L., in con
vention here, endorsed Ohio work
men's compensation law and policies of
executive council in sponsoring and
opposing various kinds of legislation.
Council instructed to continue resist
ance to enactment of a sales tax or
ship subsidy measure. Endorsement of
Gandhi non-co-operation movement in
India held up by opposition of British
and Canadian delegates. William P.
Clarke, Flint glass workefs, announces
candidacy for secretary of federation
in opposition to Frank Morrison of the
Typos, who has held the office for 20
years. The convention also adopts a
program demanding four amendments
to U. S. constitution designed to safe
guard the right of the workers to "live
as free men." The proposed amend
ments are to prohibit labor of children
under 16, enactment of law or making
of judicial determination denying right
of workers to organize or strike, enabl
ing congress to make law of land acts
decided unconstitutional by supreme
court when repassed by two-thirds ma
jority and facilitating amendment of
the U. S. Constitution. The legislative
program calls for enactment by con
gress of a child labor law, a law mak
ing more definite the safeguards sup
posed to be included in the Clayton
act and the repeal of the Sherman an
ti-trust act.
(By The Federated Press)
Seattle. — Twenty percent of the
children of this city are undernourish
ed, according to child welfare experts
who recently held a baby clinic in the
city's largest department store.
(By The Federated Pres»)
New York. — Unlimited admission
of organized groups into Russia, pro
vided they are equipped with tools, pro
visions, etc., is provided by a resolu
tion of the Russian Council of Labor
and Defense, a copy of which has been
furnished The Federated Press by A. A.
Heller, representative in the United
States of the Russian Supreme Coun
cil of National Economy.
"Organized industrial and agricul
tural groups will without any difficul
ty be admitted into Soviet Russia,"
said Heller, "on presentation of a per
mit by myself as representative of the
Supreme Council of National Economy.
Food supplies, tools, equipment, cloth
ing and household articles taken to
Russia by these groups will be exempt
ed from customs duties. The Russian
soviet government, however, makes a
conditions that such imported product«
and equipment be utilized only for pro
duction purposes of; these groups and
th e personal use of their members."
Washington. — Courses in interna
tional relations, looking to the créa
tion of a "psychology of the world
peace," are being given by 50 percent
cf the colleges of the United States.
Of 200 replies' to a questionaire sent
cut to Ame ican colleges by the Nation
al Council for Reduction of Armaments,
120 reported either definite courses,
student organizations, round table dis
cussions or special lectures. Only 27
were definitely negative. „
(By The Federated Press)
Milwaukee. — A call to labor to
drop all division and to make a united
attack on the enemy, both economically
and politically, was sounded here by
William Z. Foster, before a meeting
with railroad workers and others.
He showed what he termed the fu
tility of the present labor tactics. On
the current wage cut he declared it
was time for the railroad men and min
ers to join forces in order to say to the
exploiters: "You have pushed us as
far as we are going to be pushed.
From now on we fight."
(By The Federated Fress)
Bellville, 111. — "Out of employ
ment. Out of food. Suicide." The
story ran in the case of Herbert Con
rad, 21 years old, who lost his left
arm while serving in the world war,
and who died in a hospital as a resul{
of an attempt at suicide June 5,- De
spondent because he could get no work
on account of his condition, he shot
himself in th e head with a rifle.
(By The Federated Press)
New York. — Following the annual
reports of the New York Central and
the Northern Pacific railroads showing
greatly increased profits for 1921 over
the preceding year, comes the annual
report of the Michigan Central, a sub
sidiary of the New York Central, show
ing that the Michigan Central in 1921
made the largest profits in its history
with the exception of the years 1918
and 1919. The net income available
for dividends in 1921 was $7,725,000,
or $41.23 on th e capital stock! That
is more than double the Michigan Cen
tral's 1920 profits.
(By The Federated Press)
Berne, Switzerland. — So serious
has the danger of abolishing the eight
hour day in Switzerland become that
an extraordinary congress of the Swiss
Federation of Labor met on May 28
and 29 to voice the protest of the
workers against this proposed curtail
ing of their rights. The congress also
declared that it would vigorously fight
the movement of the employers for the
reduction of wages.
New York. — Attorney General
Daugherty, in halting prosecution of
indictments against eight members of
the gas mantle, trust on. the alleged
ground of insufficient evidence, is guil
ty of a fraudulent attempt to deceive
the American people, President Hard
ing is told in a letter written by Rag
land Momand, president of the Pres
sure Lighting Co., 120 Liberty St.
Momand demanded that the attorney
general be removed.
(By The Federated Pres»)
New York. —Boris Bakhmeteff, am
bassador extraordinary—the most ex
traordinary in the annals of nations—
and plenipotentiary from nowhere, has
gone. Wrapped to the last in the cloak
of diplomatic immunity lent him by th e
United States to enable him to avoid
answering questions about American
taxpayers' money before a senate com
mittee,. h e stepped upon the gang
plank of the steamship Berengaria,
bound for Europe, smiling his self-com
placent smile.
And a few minutes later he was gone
leaving unanswered a great nu.ny ques
tions Senator Borah and other senators
would like to have had him answer
about the $187,000,000 the United
States lent to the Kerensky governmen
and which Bakhmeteff handled during
the more than four years here as the
representative of a government which
did not exist.
Bakhmeteff had nothing to conceal.
Th e country had been assured of that
repeatedly by Secretary Hughes. And
so sare was Hughes of it that he took
pains to see that Bakhmeteff should
enjoy "diplomatic immunity" from a
Senate summons until h e should have
landed in- Europe.
When Bakhmeteff "resigned" as am
bassador, it will be remembered, he ad
dressed his "resignation" to Secretary
Hughes, and was so ungrateful to Ker
ensky and Kolchak as never to inform
them he was relinquishing the custody
of their affairs here.
The United States, however, success
fully avoided committing itself as to
whether th e non-existent Russian gov
ernment, of which Bakhmeteff was am
bassador, was that of Kerensky or of
Kolchak. Bakhmeteff, you know, re
presented them both—or each—at
(By The Federated Press)
Schenectady, N. Y. — The foftowing
blegram has been received by Dr.
Charles P. Steinmetz, thé electrical en
gine*er, from th e Russian Supreme
Council of National Economy:
To-day, in the presence of several
thousand Russian workers and peasants
the first soviet district electric station
in Kashira, environs of Moscow, was
opened. It was built under unbeliev
ably hard conditions by the people de
termined tc abolish forever capitalist
slavery and break to the world the road
to economic liberty. Th e Supreme
Council of National Economy sends at
this hour its heartiest greetings to you,
our beloved comrade and leader in
electrification as the liberator of hu
man labor."
SH3NDI3HOJ 03011130 IHOdWI
(By The Federated Press)
Portland, Ore. -+ Hordes of Mexi
cans are being imported to institute
the nine-hour day in Klamath Falls
camps and mills. About 200 Mexicans
are working where 2,000 Americans,
now on strike, were employed.
The Oregon timber strike is now in
its fourth month with workers standing
firm for the eight-hour day.
(By The Federated Pre»»)
Seattle. — The 12-hour day, poor
food and unpaid overtime wofk are now
the rule on ships running to Alaska
from this port and operated by the Ad
miral line, one of the shipping board's
maritime companies.
The bad conditions have returned
following the unsuccessful strike of
1921, when employers spent millions
and subsidized alleg'ed labor unions to
break the seamen's union. Average
wages are $60 a month.
Rome, Italy. — The first indications
that other nations are likely to follow
in the footsteps of the Germans comes
in the form of an announcement by the
government that the cabinet has ap
proved the trade agreement concluded
with the soviet government of Russia at
Genoa on May 24.
It is recalled that the conclusion of
a trade agreement with Russia on the
part of Germany was but a preliminary
step toward full mutual recognition and
resumption of diplomatic relations. It
is also recalled how solicitous King
Victor Emanuel was at Genoa about
showing special courtesy to Chicherin,
and how earnestly Cabinet Minister
Schanzer worked to prevent a rupture
between Russia and the other powers
assembled at Genoa. A Russo-Italian
-treaty along the lines of the Treaty of
Rapallo between Russia and Germany
is considered to be merely a matter of
(By The Federated Press)
Washingon. — Porter J. McCumber,,
Unitèd States senator from North Da
kota and chairman of the senate fin
ance committee, hay given a practical
demonstration of prevalent profiteering
in imported goods and submitted proofs,
thereof to the senate.
The senate knew there had been,
some profiteering during th e war. It
knew the profits of some concerns had
ranged as high as 2000 percent. That
was proved by statistics given by the
treasury department. Th e senate;
learned with some surprise, however,
that similar profits were still bein,g en
joyed in some quarters.
Senator McCumber did not prove his
case with statistics. He brought the
very goods upon which he said profits
ranging as high às 2000 percent had.
been made by importers and depart
ment stores into the senate.
He held up a straw hat of foreign
make that had, been purchased in New
York by one of the committee's agents.
The agent had paid $4 for the hat. The
importer had paid the foreign producer
69 cents for the hat. On the hat the
importer received a profit of 479 per
He held up a jack knife. The jack:
knife had cost $8.40 cents retail. The
foreign producer had been paid 57
cents for the jack knife, representing:
a profit of 1530 percent.
He held up a carving set. The carv
ing set had cost $15 in this country.
The foreign producer of the carving:
set had received $1.86. The profit oit
the carving set was 706 percent.
And so h e went on thru the list, hold
ing up one article after another and
showing profits on each of many hun
dred percent.
Here are some of the prices paid for
foreign articles purchased in this coun
try and the prices paid for the same
ajticles to the foreign producers:
Kitchen table knives (each), retail
pnee, .30; foreign price .02%.
Barbers' clippers, retail, .85 ; for
eign, .13.
Linen napkins (dozen/retail $65.
00; foreign, $12.20.
Light bulbs (each), retail, .30; for
eign, .05. >
Watches, retail, 9.45; foreign, 1.00,
Gloves, retail 2.00; foreign .27.
Shears, retail, 2.65; foreign, .15.
Work baskets, retail, 7.54; foreign,.
Canes, retail, 1.50, foreign, .16.
The point of Senator McCumber 's
■address was not to prove that ther e was
unconscionable profiteering in imported
merchandise. Indeed, he said he had
no objection to any person's buying as?
low as he could and selling as high as
he could. That was human nature.
What he did object to was the criti
cism by the interests that were making"
these profits of the high rates carried
in th e Fordney-McCumber tariff bill.
His whole obecjt was to prove that im
porters were quit e able to pay out of
their profits the 60 and 100 percent
rates it is nroposed to place upon im
ported article«.
That h e did prove—and he proved
à great deal more in the process.
Albany, N. Y. — Co-operative fire
insurance is becoming widespread in
the state of New York. Co-operative
companies in this state have in forcé
three-quarters of a billion dollars' worth,
of fire insurance, official figures of the
insurance department show.
There are 166 co-operative fire in
surance companies in the state, which
at the end of 1921 had combined in
surance in force amounting to $743,
386,682, a gain for the year of $41,
It is estimated that farmers' mutual
fire insurances throughout the country
hay e in force policies aggregating near
ly $7,000,000,000. These companies
are run for the benefit of the insured
farmers, who make up their member
ship. Whatever profits are earned ac
crue tô the members in cheaper insur
ance premiums.
New York. — A joint conference of
New York City labor unions and work
ing-class parties, the chief of which are
the Farmer-Labor party and the Social
ist party, will be held here on July 15
and 16 for the purpose of achieving ef
fective political action at next fall's
elections . An invitation also is to be
sent to the Single Tax party to partic
ipate in the conference. The statement
of the principles underlying th e call de
mands the enactment of social insur
ance legislation, restoration of civil lib
erties, repeal of the Esch-Cummins law,
annd the municipalization of transit
and housing.
It is expected that the conference
will take up the project of fusion on the
state ticket.

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