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AN INVITATION you receive a sample copy of this paper, it is an invitation to you to sub ' scribe. Some friend of yours has ask ed us to send it. Sample triai subscription is ten cents ® month. Regular subscription is $1.50 a Year; five cents a Copy. A WEEKLY MESSENGER FROM THE LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY MEMBER THE FEDERATED PRESS To expound the principle# of co-operatioa that other colonie® be formed to emulate the Llano Co-operative Colony. .1, ' ' ; ~ «sas Wimm VOL. II—No. 14. PUBLISHED AT LLANO COLONY LEES VILLE LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1922. PRICE FIVE CENTS—$1.50 YEAR Texas Governor Declares Martial Law in Railroad Strike Austin, Texas, July 25. — Govern or Pat. M. Neff has declared martial law in all the territory along the Mis souri Kansas and Texas railroad and the Texas Central. Th e Frisco Lines in the City of Denison and other rail road division points in Texas. HARDING THREATENS COERCION (By The Federated Press) Washington. — Promise of armed forces to help operators break th e coal strike and a veiled threat of industrial conscription were the outstanding fea tures of President Harding's telegram to the governors of the 27 coal produc ing states, issued after operators and miners had both declined hrè peace of fer. "The failure to secure the accept ance of this proposal for a voluntary adjustment left me no other course but to invite the mine operators to return to their mines and resume activities," Harding wired to the governors. "I trust you will find it consistent to second this invitation, if you have not already don e so, with the invitation to all miners and operators to resume their work. This invitation should be accompanied by such assurance of maintained order and the protection cf lawful endeavor as will giv e assurance to everybody concerned. "I want to convey to you in this message the assurance of the prompt and full support of the federal govern ment whenever and wherever you find your own agencies of law and order inadequate to meet the situation." The threat to draft the miners back to work, presumably by declaration of a state of .war, is contained in this sen tence : "Thus far there has been no chal lenge of the right of workers to decline employment, or the right of the em ployers to hire as they elect." John L. Lewis, president, U. M. W. A., is quoted as saying "This attitude of the government will The Colony Diary Being a Daily Report of Colony Life at Llano. Wednesday, July 19. — Comrade Busick with his six-mule team, is on a log-hauling trip to the Anacoco to-day. The saw mill and shingle mill are bpth busy converting his logs into lumber and shingles. Matz, Nash, Scharrer, Denver Cryer, Reeves and Fell are cut ting up the hickory and oak tops mak ing them into wood, while Jaques, with a tractor and Gault, with a team, are busy getting the wood hauled over to the big boiler. Tackett, Sid Merrel and Nelson are reducing this material to right length and size for Gilbert to use in the boiler to keep our engines on the job for industrial service and the electric power. I want you to know this electric plant is giving us a won derful service. It is hard to see how we ever got along without it. Jones, Busick, Darth, Dan Cryer and Lan drum are setting in sweet potato vines where there are missing places, and Van is cultivating in th e same field. Comrade Lindsey and Mrs. Schuster drove out to the Schuster place yester day and brot back melons, tomatoes and corn for table use. To-day Lind sey is getting together more of this material in order to get Mrs. Gaddis and her crew to canning the surplus. All right, Mrs. G. and Joe with the as sistance of some more of the women and girls are ready for the fray. Say, people, some of your letters haven't been answered for a month, but we will get to them some day. Th e "la dy reporter" was away for five whole days and she is in such a hole that she can't seem to pull out. Mrs. Norgard and Rosa Matz are the busiest stenog people on earth, but I have them just swamped with work. Yes, Mrs. N. worked all day Sunday, but I have her snowed under just th e same. This cam paign of ours to completely finance the Colony means lots of letter writing and other hard work and your only re lief from our letters is to "come across and help us do the job once and for all. You. with the vision in your mind and an ideal in your heart—we want in no manner change the position of the mine workers or result in the ter mination of the ""strike. Men voluntar ily on strike will not return to work merely because armed guards are plac ed around the mines. No question of law and order is involved, because mine wo'rkers are punctiliously observ ing the law and no troops are neces sary. This action of the federal govern ment is merely a gesture, which will not produce coal in any substantial quantity. The mine workers will con tinue on strike until some honorable avenue of settlement, in accord with the principle of collective bargaining, is offered them. "We are ready now as we have been since last December, to join in any con structive move for the adjustment of this situation." NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR REBUKES HARDING (By The Federated Press) Washington. — Coal digging under guns is bad business, Gov. Cameron Morrison, North Caroline, wired in re sponse to President Harding's invita tion to the governors of coal stare to get together with the regular arm} and open the mines that shut dowi April I, when the operators viciatec their agreement with the miners. "It always forfeits the confidence of the side decided against in such a con troversy by th e government," Governor Morrison told Harding, "and creates suspicions of the impartiality of its ex ercise of police power. I believe the full duty of the government and the part of wisdom is to uphold the law with fearless impartiality and permit parties in industrial disputes to fight the economic battle to a finish. The v pious fool, the hypocrite, and the flagellating Pharisee are destroyers of human society.—The Talmud. to reach you. You are the one to lend a hand, either with your money or with propaganda support, until this land is all in our possession—it is to you we appeal. Can you think of a more worthy cause? And have you a more practical way of bringing your ideal into an actual realization? No. All right, join us and help us do the thing in the right way. We can do it. And we will! (Eh?—Dr. R. K. W. and Napoleon Hill, I steal your thun der). W. Beavers and Chappelle are getting th e brick plant ready to run. Coleman and De Boer are preparing new food for the fertilizer plant and the nitrogen bugs. Kemp is planting peas and W. Fread with a Fordson is discing in the orchard. Ed. Siemens and Hinkley came back from the rice farm with Ole and Kling and Vernon Boyce went down to take their places. A sex-hygiene class for boys, was held at the club house to-night after which the band practice was held at the school house. A new tannery will soon be in operation across the little creek from the main office. Comrade Ley has agreed to stay with us for at least six months and we will convert the old house across the creek into a chemistry plant and tannery. Ley is a finished chemist and will içake paint and other useful things at odd times while Sid Merrel helps to handle the hides and make them into leather. * * * * Thursday, July 20. — Of course, you know there is a railroad and min ers' strike on. Sure yon know it. Well, why doesn't Uncle Sam just take them over and operate them in the interest of all the people? That is what we are doing at Newllano. Yes, the work ers have sense enough to operate them. Does J. D. operate the coal mine or is it the workers? The ownership will only determine the placing of the pro fits. Th e work would be done as us ual by the workers. Before this can all be done successfully, I believe most of us will have to eliminate greed, sus THUNDER 5TORMS AND SHOWERS IN STORE The weatherman says he has treat us nice long enough for one time, V nd now h e is going to give us some thing different for a while, so we will appreciate good weather when we get it again. It will not be anything so bad but that we can stand it, tho, may b e seen by his report: ■ u'y (8—max. 90, min. 71 July 19—max. 94, min. 70 July 20—max. 90, miç. 67 July 21—max. 90, min. 75 July 22—max 94, min. 70 July 23—max 92, min. 72 July 24—max. 92, min. 74 Some cloudiness; barometer indi cates showers and thunder storms, temperature approximately normal," is the forecast of U. S. Weather Observ r, W. A. Dougherty, of the Newllano Station. picion and jealousy from our hearts so we will not be greedy for profits; sus picion of the other fellow on the job or jealousy of each other and our lot. We at Llano overcome this by equal ownership and equal compensation as the chief remedies of these faults. Un til We are willing to live according to die Golden Rule we will not get that ideal condition. Are you ready for it, dear reader? If so, you belong here where you can practice your belief. What good is your ideal if you don't put it into a practical use and it is a certainty that you can not be happy or successful when living a life that is opposed to your ideals. That is what brought us to Newllano and that is why we are succeeding. Carl Hoover, Lot tie Braun and Comrade Belohradsky are making shingle blocks and then turn them into shingles. Goldman and "Fred" are making cots whil e Oakley is still setting up new machines for making sash and doors. Nash and Stave have almost completed the roof of the new cafeteria. Rechsteiner and Langridge have been laying floor joists at the roof garden and the new print shop addition. Rechsteiner is also var nishing the new show cases that were made at the cabinet shop, and I want you to know they are beauties—made of quarter-sawed oak—nothing nicer to be found. In fact, we have a crew of wood workers that can't be beat for good workmanship, and w e will soon turn them loose to manufacture furniture of several kinds. The wood cutters are still on the job and Jaques and Waters are hauling it in. The farmers are hoeing and cultivating and the rest of our industries are running as usual. Conlin and H. Bell go to some neighboring towns to place our bread and bakery goods of all kinds for sale in their stores. The psycholo gy meeting and the Esperanto class were the evening's time-absorbers. One speaker said (and truly, too) "unless we put our theories into.practice they are useless." Many people can preach but few seem able or willing to make th e necessary effort to make good their preaching. * * ¥ * Friday, July 2f. — Sure I know, (Continued on last page) THE PEOPLE Gy Toirimaso Campaneiia (Italian philosopher in 16th century) The people is a beast of muddy brain That knows not its own strength, and therefore stands Loaded with wood and stone; the powerless hands Of a mere child guide it with bit and rein; One kick would be enough to break the chain But the beast fears, and what the child demands It does; nor its own terror understands. Confused and stupefied by bugbears vain. Most wonderful! With its own hand it ties And gags itself—gives itself death and war For pence doled out by kings from its own store. Its öwn are all things between earth and heaven; But this it knows not; and if on e arise To tell this truth, it kills him unforgiven. DOLLAR-UP-PEERS FOR JULY ARE HERE LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB FOR JULY Mat Sunnen Frank Gayer Morris Rapaport Napoleon Hill Dr. Robert K. Williams Mrs. Robt. K. Williams Mrs. Minnie E. Pickett D. Henderson Howell V. C. Clowe Miss E. M. Van Schoick Henry Mueller C. C. West F. J. West J. 0. Duckett Chas. W. La Rue Floyd C. La Rue W. D. Henderson F. W. Miles Mrs. E. E. Fiechter Er* J. Pease Anton A. Brezina Harry Gourjian Reo Johnson Stanley C. Williams Miss C. Chapman N. L. Clarke Mrs. B. W. Briggs C. F. Krauss Chas. H. Newman James Innes W. J." Glegg A. fi. Moore H. J. Hilliard Mrs. Charlotte Collins Victor Nelson Varton Fermanian D. H. Fedderson C. W. Corbin Mrs. Rose B. Blair W. E. Patterson F. W. Miles Willis H. Alpers Wm. Andraska Aime Quinet Frank Phelps R. Schwarz C. A. Percy Wm. Gurr E. J. Hyatt $5.00 $1.00 $2.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $2.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 ESPERANTO CHILD WONDER SPEAKS TO LONDON CROWD London, July 8. — A Hyde Park crowd was surprisel last night by hear ing a child of seven, Myfanwy Mary Butler, speak fluently in Esperanto, says the Daily News. The demonstra tion was organized by the British Es peranto Association, which held its an nual congress the previous day. In reply to questions from the aud ience the child, wtho was the chief speaker, and occupied the rostrum, told how she had spent the Sunday. "I pre fer Esperanto to English," she said, "because it is easier to read." It was stated that she had learned to read Es peranto at the age of three. Myfanwy's replies were translated in to English by M. Yelland, president of the London Esperanto club. Be a booster for Co-operation. New Building Spurt On; Llano Industries Are Busy OLE TRADES THREE GOATS FOR 15,000 FEET OF SEASONED HARD WOOD LUMBER: BRICK M ACHINE RATTLES OUT ITS PRODUCT WITH O VERTIME CREW Llano Colony has experienced an other spurt in its building boom. You see, we spurted before, but ran out of material before we got fairly started. Building from our own mater ial is not like building' in the cities, where one can phone up the lumber yard and have the material on liand in an hour. When we in Llano run out of lumber of a certain grade it means that we have to go to the woods and cut it, and haul and season it. Llano has several unfinished build ings on its building program; these in clude the cafeteria, now almost com pleted, the printshop, the machinery building, which will be of two story brick "and which is still going up, not to mention the large roof-garden, which has been side-tracked in favor of more essential buildings. All these were in various stages of completion, mostly nearly done when a shortage of season' ed material occurred. Much of this trouble was on Ole's hands, but one day he slipped down below a mile or two from h%re and traded three of our goats for 15,000 feet of hardwood lumber, cut and sea soned, ready to cut up for flooring, crates, et c. This contained a good proportion of oak, some hickory, and the balance gum and ash. The oak and hickorry will be made into floor ing for the printship and cafeteria, etc. and this will finish these two buildings. Step into our saw mill this morning and you will find a humming hive of industry. The big rip-saw is cutting up logs into boards, and the boards are immediately conveyed to the planers and resaws, where they are cut into COLEMAN TALKS At the last Agriculture Meeting at Llano Colony, July 21, Comrade Geo. D. Coleman made a report of the op erations of the fertilizer plant, which in spite of many handicaps has scored splendid results in the fields and gar dens of th e Colony. The comrade's contributioiis to the Colony's work of the highest value and is greatly ap preciated by everyone. It has been de finitely ascertained that a certain crop absorbs from the soil a corresponding quantity of essential mineral ingredi ents, and unless this plant food is re stored to the soil and maintained to an adequate nutriment content, the soil will become progressively empoverish ed. For instance: A crop of corn, taking both stalk and grain, will use forty pounds of potash, 1.4 pounds of so da, 8.8 pounds of magnesia, 18.6 pounds of phosphoric acid, and 10.6 pounds of lime per ton. So we see that agriculture is a manufacturing pro position that can be carried on contin uously only when plenty of food is constantly provided for the plant. ' The potential fertility of the soil may b e lost in three ways: first by leaching. Whenever the railfall is ex cessive, or wherever water applied un der a system of irrigation exceeds the capillary capacity of the soil, there is a loss of soluble plant food by leaching. All the gravitational water that escapes as run-off, or that is carried off thru I drains and ditches takes with it in solution valuable parts of the soil— soluble cell salts. This is the reason why the soils of arid and semi-arid re gions are so much richer in these es sential plant elements than the soils of the humid regions which have been leached of their fertility by centuries of rainfall. As nitrates are readily soluble, the nitrogen content of the soil suffers more. Good drainage will as sist in preserving the fertility of the nitrates and other soluble salts by car rying off the surplus water before it has time to dissolve the valuable min eral «alts. Comrade West from the rice farm reported the crop to be in the most flourishing condition m years. The Colony may mill its own rice crop and ON FERTILIZER planed strips for the sticker^ which cuts the tongues and grooves and finishes the work ready to lay on the floors. The shingle mill is also cutting up the cypress shingle bolts for the roof-gar den. The other machinery is also work ing on cabinet work, planing, sawing, and mitreing crates, boxes, etc. These cabinet men are making a new body for another bread wagon, besides a host of other small detail work. All the frames, doors, and building mater ial is sawed at the mill'in quantities so that when the building is started most of the work is fitted. The machinery building has also gone up a foot or more this week. This building is a large one, 60 x 120, and is to be two stories hight. It goes up slowly with the small crew on the job, and even they have to be commandeer ed for farm work, etc., when needed. Now a new brickmason is here, and on goes the building. Bricks have been sold so heavily lately that a shortage of brick is ap parent, so, instead of "phoning up" for another 100,000 brick, we gather together a volunteer crew, and last night until almost dark the big mon ster at the brick yard was groaning out bricks at a regular gait. 100,000 brick will fill one kiln and about 20, 000 "green" ones are already reposing in this kiln. The volunteer crew will probably make enough this week to complete the capacity, and then burn ing will be the next process. Thus Llano will BUILD the first nu cleus of the permanent co-operative commonwealth which shall some day be photographed atid written about as the beginning of the world's happiest epoch. BILL NYE'S SPARTACUS AT THE LLANO THEATER Sunday night scored a record per formance at the Dixie Pride Playhouse at Newllano. The Juvenile Orchestra discoursed its most melodious overture; followed by Miss Nellie Kemp with two delightful solos. Comrade Wm. H. Burton gav e a striking declamation of Bill Nye's rendition of Spartacus' ad dress to the gladiators. It was a fine piece of work and was enjoyed by ev eryone. Little Miss Lorene Merrel serv ed with a neat little recitation and did nicely. Recitations were also given by Laura Synoground, Rachel Jaques, El roy Norgard and David Lindsey—all well-done. A mandolin and guitar du et by Comrades Pickett and Fischer was a superior performance, and peo ple would hav e stayed all night to lis ten to them. Comrade Beavers sang an original song in his well-trained voice, highly appreciated. Mrs. Fra ley contributed two solos in her highly accomplished manner and contributed much to the pleasure of the evening, Miss Rosa Matz appeared in a wonder ful monologue, and surpassed all her preceding acting. She is an imperson ator of considerable ability. Harry Bell and the Misses Vinita Thurman. Mar ine Gaddis, Beulah Gaddis and Rosa Matz appeared in a melodramatic sketch of great merit and made good as usual. A tuneful finale by the or chestra closed a highly enjoyabl e and interesting evening's performance. THERE ARE THOUSANDS OF PEO PLE WHO HAVE NEVER HEARD OF LLANO COLONY AND YET IT IS JUST WHAT THEY HAVE BEEN LOOKING FOR. PERHAPS YOU KNOW SOME OF THESE PEOPLE. IF SO, MAKE THEM ACQUAINTED WITH THE COLONIST, AND IT WILL DO THE REST. ORDf.R A BUNDLE. may engage in manufacturing special food products, in which the highest most valuable contents are preserved. Mr. J. A. Tetts, an old and exper iences southern farmer has voij V eer ed to talk upon practical farm mat ters at the next meeting.