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THE FEDERATED PRESS RELIABLE NEWS
THE PLAGUE OF POLITICIANS ^By i he Federated Press) New York.—"The farmers' markets in the city of New York are run under the most contemptible system of, hand ling farmers' markets anywhere in the country—jeeking in graft, cheap poli tics and coerc on—a vicious, parasit e 'condition controlled by speculators, for the benefit of speculators." So says the current issue of the American Agriculturist. Simultaneous ly, the New York Market Growers' Assn declares that farmers in this vicinity, resenting the outrageous conditions un dër which they are forced to pay tri bute tc these cheap grafters and poli ticians, r.nnoyed at the insanitary con ditions of the markets, tired of petty graft and the tolls they are forced to pay at every move while trying to sell their products, unable even to get Mar ket Commissioner E. J. O'Malley to talk with them of conditions, are stop ping their trips to the city. The speculators are given the best places in the market, the farmers say, and self-appointed officials who have some mysterious "pull" with the-Tam many administration collect nightly toll for performing services which- shou'd be performed by officials of the city. The farmers have to pay $1 a n ght to get places reserved and they only are compelled to pay $2.50 a night ad ditionally to men called carriers whe help them unload. Then there is a fur ther holdup of 25 cents to men who fetch water for their mo.or radiators from some nearby restaurant, altho the city hydrants are all about. Si ill an other form of graft has been brot to light in watchmen for which the far mers sometimes have to pr.y $1 a night to watch tHeir produce. About $14, 000 a year is collected'from the farm ers :n that way—a sum for which the city could put six policeman on duty to see th~t produce is net stolen. Commissioner O'Malley, the grow ers' association declares, has ignored repeated requests to meet them and talk over improvements. "The f.-rmers are getting disgusted," said Morriss L. Ernest, counsel for the association. "The city of New York ought to conduct markets as they do in Detroit, which would draw in more and more farmers. Instead, more and more farmers are leaving the local market. ■ ,v MODERN TYRANNY Washington. — "If the jails of In diana are not largé enough to hold the men who violate these injunctions, then we shall , build stockades," Federal Judge Baker, sitting in Judge Ander son's court at Indianapolis, informed J. F. Anderson, vice-president, Interna tional Assn. of Machin'sts, according to -Anderson's report here. He was before Judge Baker with several pick ets charged with contempt of court of an injunction. Erie Labor Press 17 West 16th Street, Erie, Pa. A weekly newspaper devoted exclusively to the interests of the working class. Member of the Federated Press News Service. Official organ Central Labor Union and Socialist Party in Erie* County, Penn'a. Live, snappy, breezy. Sample Copy free on request. One Year, $1.50, Trial Subscription—10 weeks, 25c, The Er et Stock-Raising Colony ■ OF ERET, STATE LINE, MISS. IS A CO-OPERATIVE ORGANIZATION Preparing for Agriculture, Horticul ture, Manufacturing,; ,-Stock-Raising, Merchandising, operation of restaur ants, hotels, libraries and places of amusement. And on Loans of $ 1.00 or more, we will pay 8 per cent per annum. Interest payable semi-annu ally. Object: For securing live-stock and machinery for the employment of Labor. All transactions between mem mers conducted by the Labor Exchange Check system. 235p MARRIAGE—As It Is and As it Should Be—by Annie Besant. An intensely interesting brochure, 25c. "Law of Popula iion" (birth control) by Annie Besant, 25c. "The Scarlet Review," 25c. "Diana," a psy cho-physiological essay on sex relations, 25c. "The Crucible," (agnostic weekly) four dif ferent samples, 10c (none free). THE CRUCIBLE 1330 First Ave, Seattl«, Wash. EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY— FREE EARTH—The Abolition of ge through Workers' Money.. No othei 't goes t»o thoroughly into this subject as THE EQU1TIST. Says the secretary of The Llano Publica s : We like your paper very much ; we are tily in sympathy with its policy, and we I there were more like it." ilished weekly; $1.00 a year; $1.50 the United States. THE EQUITIST eles Co. Calif. OUR CHÏUST1AN CIVILIZATION? (By The, Federated Press) San Francisco; — "If the California criminal syndicalism law had been in effect when the Christian church was founded, St. Peter ar^l St. Paul would have been its first victims. The im prisonment of Mooney is a d sgrace to the state and. to the people of Califor nia. The responsibility rests upon you to see that he has a new trial, and it is your disgrace and your responsibil ity also that Charlotte Anita Whitney should face ten years in the peniten tiary became she was a member of an organization which is forbidden by law. Those in authority in California are putting themselves in the same cat egory by evading their resnonsibility, with him who has been held up to ex ecration because he suffered the cru cifixion of. our savior." These are extracts from an address made here by Rev. Dr. Charles N. La throp. herd of the department of social service of the Episcopal church. KNOWLEDGE TO RULE IN RUSSIAN DOMESTIC AFFAIRS (By The Federated Press) Moscow. — A Central House of the Scientists has been opened in Moscow to become the center of mutual -con tact and of the spreading of sc entific knowledge. It is under the cèntral com mittee for the better life of scientists, and is open to all scientists registered with that committee. The committee also has a house for rest near Moscow, rnd sanitariums in the Crimea and the Caucasus for its mérnbérs. It is announced that at the present ;ime the scientists not only get the ac ■ derrrc ration, but also fair wages, with soecial pay for special work, and par ticular prem ums for high achievement. The education commissariat has pad 'hem all the money due them un to May I, and they hone to get the bal ance shortly, though in the present state of poverty all over Russia, wages have a way of running behind. It is anw much easier to receive foreign scientific literature, and even to make trips ab ord. In fact, several scie*t sts have been sent on such trips."" GERMAN STANDARDS SEEN AS FUTURE BASIS OF U. S. TRADE (By The Federated Press) New York. — German standards— as the word is applied in manufactur ing and not' in philosophy—will some: day be the standards by which Amer ica will have to furn'sh materials tc most of the countries of the world, ac cord ng to Oscar R. Wikander, an Am er can engineer, who has just returned from Germany where he represented the American Engineering Standard committee. "An example of the progress in stan dardization which Germany has made since war time conditions began," says Mr. Wikander, "is the recent story of, Russian locomotives. N.neteen German and one Swiss manufacturers built 700 'ocomotives for Russia, and every parr in every one of them was interchange i ble with the corresponding part in any of the others. Because of this standard zation, ev ery locomotive which was disabled be came a store c>f spare parts for the ethers of the same type. Standardza tion work is being forced by Germans bëcause they want to introduce their standards in the great import countries and possibly in the entire world. lo this end the great German de liveries in kind to France will, as far as possible, be made according to Ger man standards, thus introducing them into that country. "Standardization in Germany is the work of a huge committee, which works in splendid co-operation with the manufacturers. This committee, called the 'Normenaiisschuss,' is most interested in American standardization and is very anxious to collaborate with us in establishing international stan dards. , "England, too, is working to force the adoption of her standards on mcn ufacturers in her colonies and domin ions, and it is time for America to plan to meet the conditions which some day may force us to manufacture goods that will conform to the standards 'made in Germany.' "—Duluth News Tribune. ' THE POWER BEHIND THE THRONE .. (By The Federated Press) Detroit. — The Michigan Manufac turers' Association has sent to congress and President Harding a resolution urg ing the inclusion in the Esch-Cummins act of anti-strike enforcement provis ions. The directors' opinion is that legislation should make it a criminal offense for two or more men "to con spire to handicap eithei' business or transportation thru organized strikes," according to John L. Lovett, general manager. OUTRIVALS LANDIS TYRANNY (By The federated Press) Chicago. -— "A hundred times worse than Lahdis ever was," was. the genau'. 1 labor verdict on Fede r.l Judge J* mes H. Wilkerson's f rst important act en ,- . lU • j; - , i succeedingjo the juœc ai th .dïïè ViCa Umpire Kcnesfcw ted by Baseball Mountain Landis. Wilkerson is the Harding appointe^ who on. Sept. 1 issued the raoslt drasi.c ! "" nd comprehensive "open shop junction aga'nst labor unions ever pro claimed 'in the United States. It was granted with no concealment of its pur o .t I f Ur pose. Atty.-Gen. Harry M. Daugher ty appeared in p»rson to ask for the in junction against all the general officers of the railway employes' department, A. F. of L., which has been conduct ing s : nce July J the strike of the shop men and their allies. It also holds good unions involved in the strike and of the men's system federations and against the unions' members. •grinst the officers of the international REPRESSION AND NO'N CO-OPERATION IN INDIA (By The Federated Press) Since the arrest and imprisonment of Mahatma M. K. Gandhi, the repression policy of the government of India his,: become more active. In the Punjab abcut 5000 more persons have been put in jail. A novel method has been adopted by the government to destroy the constructive work of village organ izations and arbitration courts by pre ferring charges against the committee of five of the village fçr. unlawful ac tivities; Most of the importari'. Indian Nation alist papers are being persecuted—the editor and ! he publisher of \oung In d ; a (Gr paper) 'have been arrest ed and the editor and publisher of the Independent and other papers likewise. The Br'tish government has made an alliance with the native princes and some cf them are carrying on persecu tion of unspeakable character. The Mf h atta of June 4 says the mil itary have burned 640 houses of poor people who refused to pay taxes. The All-India congress committee met in Lucknow June 6 (the first time s'nee the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi) and discussed the condition. The rad cals in India, the real nationalists in Bengal, Punjrb and the United Pro vince are asking for non -co-operation 11 forms and talking about resist ance in every possible way 1 ! The idea of «public declaration of separation of India from the British empire :s bemg ventilated by people of all sections of the country. j Labor unrest in India is acute, j India Strikes are common in every part of the country and in every industry. The railroad strike on the East Indian rail way tied up the traffic of northern In dia so completely that there was prac tically not passenger and freight traff.c for two weeks. Calcutta seamen s Strike has assumed a phenomenal pro portion, embracing more than 50,000 longshoremen, Isakars or deckhands, and firemen. The government is us.ng all its re sou ces to create a liberal federation of India with a program of reforms in India in cc-operation with the govern ment. The hope of the government is to create a strong Indian party similar to that of the Irish Free Staters, so that they will be able to use the Indian leaders to crush the movement for in r>endence. WAGE SLAVERY IS DOOMED (By The Federated Press) Washington. — The bill for an im partial investigation of the coal indus try was passed by the senate Friday. When Sen. Stanley, Kentucky, ridicul ed the idea of studying coal nationaliz ation, suggesting that Sen Borah might wanbalso to investigate the desirability of nationalization of women, the Idaho senator replied that similar attempts tc stop discussion of the abolition of chattel slavery in the United States, years ago, had not been notably suc cessful. Borah reminded the Kentuck ian that the Whigs, in national conven tions, solemnly declared that there should be no further discussion of abol ition, and that Daniel Webster, speak ing from the steps of Faneuil hall in Boston, urged his hearers to ignore the "rub-a-dub reformers who would abol ish slavery," since they were "radical fanatics" who could accomplish noth ing. Yét a few years saw slavery abol ished. ÎROVIDE FOR NEEDY CHILDREN (By The Federated Press) Council Bluffs, la. — A tag day, sanctioned by the ijiayor, is being put on here by the ladies, auxiliary of the Federated Shopcrafts. The proceeds will be devoted to furnishing clothing to the needy children of strikers and to the relief of expectant mothers. B LLIGNS FOR WAR PROFITEERS HORSE LAUGH FOR DOUGHBOYS (Ey The Federated Press) Washington.' — Thé American Le gion Weekly, in its issue of Sept. 8, in . „ M.,-™,; i " ."- n article b,y Marquis James exposing war p ofitcering, says -in part, dealing with Daugherty's failure the big grafters: to prosecute p eople are quak; . ^ who never quaked before> peop]e who a few months ago boasted no one could To front the impending tcuch them. assault barricades of defense arei go "l«ng up—fexpensive lawyers retained, in fjuential friends 'seen/ men who might talk approached with 'propositions,' al i'b.s arranged, trips to Europe planned, important documents performing some sui'nr's'ng changes of hands. "Another category of men are ap pearing on the scene, with tales which a ] mos t surpass belief; tales of attempt ed bribery and cor uption, and, these failing, of threat and persecution; tales of virtual reigns of terror instituted against men who knew too much; of men hounded and driven from one em ployment after another, reduced to po verty—and all this because they were honest; tales of wives and children patching and scraping, not knowing where the next month's rent is coming from—women who, hrd their husbands jmade just one little 'slip,' could now be liv rig like queens." Discussing the industrial org'aniza ton created for the war, James says: "Of our wart "me production the public read only what the government desired should be read, only what the series cf colossal-industrial grrups, which in the last analysis held the reins, desired should be read." In a series of six articles, James pro poses to deal with the details of wt scand-ls involving bill'öns —apparently in order to enforce the legion's argu ment that the government can find money for the bonus whenever it wants to do so. HELP RUSSIAN CHILDREN fBy The Federated Press) Chicago. — The American Comm t tee for Relief of Russian Children, has rcce.ved the following crblegram from Samara, Russia, signed by Frank >P. Walsh, Jc hn G. Ohsol and Paxton Hib ben, and sent just after the three had completed a touf of the famine dis tricts: "Whatever are the results cf the Russian harvest, it is clear that the need for feeding and clothing mil lions of underfed, sick and homeless chi'dren is incontest ble and compe'l ins-- Great-hearted America, which has already done so much to save Rus ia, cannot new let these little ones die or fiir .ss their childhood in misery and vefct. We appeal for support to the splendid work of the .American Com mittee for Relief of Russian Children, that these children may be enabled to come through the valley of the s^ad dow cf death to health at last." Each of these men went tÔ Russia rs a private citizen. Cop : es of the tel egram are be ; ng distributed to those in terested in the millions cans of m lk campaign now under way, in an effort io combat the press reports which would lead the public tc believe that the situation in Russia is no longer crit SHOP WORKERS AND RAIL EXECUTIVES IN CONFAB (By The Federated Press) Chicago. — Rail str Re settlement talk, wlvch has been in the air for over a week, began to condense into confer ences as the 90 members of the shop men's policy committee gathered here and as one railroad president after an other drifted into town. The silence the^t novelists term signif icant enveloped both sides. B. M. Jew ell, president, railway employes' de partment, A. F. of L., officially an nounced that there would be no news from his end until after the policy com mittee met. Daniel Willard, president, Baltimore and Ohio, the executive with whom Jewell is reported to have had prolonged "conversations," declared, "I have nothing whatever to say." THE WORLD'S MONEY SYS TEM IS BREAKING DOWN (By The Federated Press) Washington. — Germany has ceased money order exchange with all nation's thereby halting the negotiation of a money -order convention with the Un ited States, the postoffice department announces. This stoppage of exchange is due to the unsettled rate o£ exchange of the German mark. HAVE YOU A FRIEND WHO IS IN TERESTED IN REAL CO-OPERA TION? SEE THAT HE BECOMES A READER OF THE LLANO COLON IST AT ONCE. ORDER A BUNDLE. LAWLESS INJUNCTION DESTROYS PEOPLE'S FAITH IN GOVERNMENT (By The Federated Press) San Franc.sco. — Officials of the str.king shop men here and generally throughout California are making no preteiise of obeying the Daugherty "open shop" injunction. "The rail roads are using the government as a strike-Breaking agency," the statement of one officer, expresses the general sentiment. Feeling against Harding in particular is bitter. GERMAN SEAMEN VICTORIOUS IN STRIKE (By The Federated Press) Haoibuig, Germany, — For five weeks German ocean shipping was al most at a standstill, owing to a strike of ships' officers, engineers, machinists and stokers which involved the whole water front of Germany and especially the ports of Hamburg, Bremen and Stettin. The issue was one of higher wages to meet the advancing cost of living, rnd of putting into practice the eight hcur day on the lrgh seas—a demand that has thus far been enforced only by the French seamen's union. The strike was settled through an ar bitration award by Germany's federal department of labor, and was accepted by the workers in a referendum vote by an overwhelming majority, after an earlier award, July 26, had been turn ed down by them. The award wheh was accepted gives the strikers a 90% increase of wages over their April wag es, leaves the quest on of overtime work beyond the eight hours open to fur ther negotiations, grants a considera bly higher sum of money for outfitting men w'th uniforms and other necessar ies, and makes a larger allowance fcr seamen , who furnish their own food while en' route. There is to be no blacklist against participants in the strike. The strikers feel that they have gain ed practically every point except the eight-hour day, but console themselves with the fact that in other countries, too, the eight-hour day at sea is, with the exception of France, a myth. When the question of a new wage agreement f rst came up at the end of June,'the department of labor proposed scale that seemed unacceptable to the workers. They therefore declined the department's suggestion. There upon the Federation of German Ship Owners refused to deal with the union. The workers appealed to the depart ment of labor to persuade the ship own ers to recede, but the department w?s powerless. The strike was the inevita ble result. The German shipping industry has been severely hit by the strike. This is evident from a reading of the papers owned by Hugo Stinnes, who is heavily interested in shipping. What seems to hurt the Stinnes editors most is the fact, that there is a general breaking away on the part of the workers from their trade union leaders. "It was the busi ness of the trade unions," says the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, "to pre serve the gernrnating life in our ports and tc save German shipping. They are showing themselves, however, eith er unwilling or powerless to exert the r.ecessarv influences upon their mem bership." GERMAN SCHOOLS TEACH ANTI-WAR SENTIMENTS (By The Federated Press) Berlin. — That war is a hindrance to culture mry now be taught in the schools of Prussia, in accordance with an order from the minister cf education Dr. Boelitz. He bases his decision on Article 48 of the national constitution, which prescribes that teaching must be conducted "in the spirit of German na tional ideals and of the reconciliation of nations." The opinion of the minister 'was handed down as th<» result of a con troversy between ä Berlin teacher. 1 Erich Witte, and the Berlin board of education. Witte had put into his course of lectures top'cs such as inter national courts of arbitration, self-de determination of nations, internat onal life of to-day, and the culture-destroy ing nature cf whr. His school board objected, Witte was told that he must not mix polit cs with education. Witte took his case direct to the minister of education, who sus tained him. The reactionary and militaristic pa pers of Germany are enraged over the incident. The Taegliche Rundschau calls the permission to "hammei 1 the thesis about the destructive influence of war upon youthful brains a daring one. It certainly isn't the business of education to take, one-sided slogans of an international clique of pacifists and to hand them out as ethical principles." V Be a booster for Co-operation. MEXICAN WORKERS UNITED AS ONE MAN (By The Federated Press, Mexico City;—All moving picture houses in Mexico City and surrounding .towns cf the federal district are shut 'down and the supply of films for thea 'ters in all parts of the republic has been cut off due to a strike of the 600 mem bers of the Union de Empleados Con fçderados de Cinématographe (Union 'of Motion Picture Employes), affili ated with the Mexican Federation of Labor . There are 42 theaters in the c'ty and 14 in the outlying towns. In addition there are 12 d stributing agen cies. All are closed while the red and black strike flag waves in front cf them and a squad of union pickets stand guard. Nineteen of. these theaters, among them the largest in the city, and one of the distributing agencies are owned by an American, R. P. Jennings, who is also said to be president of a large lumÜer concern in the state of Sinalca. Refusal of the Jennings combine to carry out provisions of a previous con tract signed with the workers, and the aib trary discharge cf several members of the executive committee of the tinion, together with low wages and generally unsatisfactory working con ditions precipitated the strike. CUTTING THEIR OWN THROATS (By The Federated Press} Denver. — The strike, of thsi Inter national Typographical union for the 44-hour week in job shops has put the open shoo printing establishments, both large and small, in financial embarrass ment. They operate under the so-call ed "American plan" by the help of capitalists behind the "open shop" drive. CRIMINAL AUTHORITIES (By .The Federated Press) Chicago. — William Z. Foster, secre tary, Trade Union Educational league, was taken in custody by Michigan au thorities and taken to be lodged in the jail at, St. Joseph, Mich., on a crimin al syndicalism charge, after extradition hearings were held here. Habeas cor pus proceedings must be brought in Michigan, it was ruled, and application fcr ba 1 made there. Foster was extradited in connection with charges of ^tendance at an alleg ed radical conference in Michigan, Aug. 21, altho he was in the Cook Co, courthouse, Chicago, at the time the Mich'gan raid was made. CONSPIRATORS CHEATED OF INTENDED VICTIM (By The Federated Press) Chicago. — Another intended vic tim in the banker-business anti-labor dnve of the state's attorney to convict l,abor men for killing of two policemen by unknown men, May 10, has been let off. Mrs. Margaret Hoffert Miller, indicted for conspiracy, has been freed because of insufficient evidence, the prosecution dropping the case. Of the huge harvest of arrests and indictments only Fred Mader, Daniel J. McCarthy and John Miller remain in the grip of the law. They will be rètried Oct 2, the first trial having resulted in disa greement by the jury. * DEFEND LABOR'S CHAMPIONS (By The Federated Pres«) Chicago. — The Emergency Labor Defense committee, recently formed to combat the anti-labor raids cf the de partment of justice, is raising funds and holding meetings in the interests of the labor men arrested in .Michigan, Aug. 21, and of those, arrested in Chi cago s ( oon after in the same cases. Robl. M. Buck, editor, The New Ma jority, is chairman, and Samuel Ham mersmark is secretary-treasurer of the committee, with offices at 166 West Washington St. A mass meeting for Sept. 17 has > been called to be held at the Ashland auditorium, at which Buck, William Z. Foster and C. E. Ruthenberg will be the principal speakers. Foster was ar rested in Chicago for alleged partici pation in a so-called convention of rad icals in Michigan, altho he was sitting in the Cook county courthouse in Chi cago at the time the raid took place. Ruthenbere, arrested in ' Michigan, is out on bail. UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION Bellingham, Wash. — William Short, .president of the State Federation of Labor, told a crowd of 3000 here La bor Day to display no hesitancy in breaking the federal injunction against labor, recently obtained by Attorney General Daugherty. "They're at liber ty to arrest me any time they want for giving this advice, too," he added. "In breaking this injunction you will be up holding the constitution of the United States."