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The Junior Colonic
BENNETT BABB, Editor. Editor—Bennett Babb. Reporters—! Margaret Seelye. Dover Cry.r, Vinita Ihurman, Victor Gaddis. Well we are here again, school has begun a s you know, and we have de cided to start our Junior Colonist again. That is to start in a co-operative way and not make Bob do it all, all the time, as he has been doing practically since school closed last year. » We have decided to elect ah editor and four repeaters at the close of each two weeks. We have been given two colums in the paper and it is up to Us to take advantage of it. So here goes— * * ¥ # The public school was started Sept. 1st. and is now in full swing and run ning along smoothly under the deanship of Mr. Martin, with Mrs. Martin, Mrs. Lindsey and Robert Lindsey as assis tant teachers; also, Mr. Anthony is ex pected soon, who will help Mr. Martin. School begins at the same time that it did during our vacation; at 7:30 and continuing until 11:30 then with an hour and a half for dinner it con tinues until five. The junior pupils, that is the pupils from the first to the eight grade going in the forenoon and the seniors, those from the eight to the third year of high school going in the afternoon. When not in school learn ing theories we are in the industries applying the theories into practical use ful work. The subjects taught to the juniors are Arithmetic, composition, spelling, reading, geography, history. Those taught the seniors are Algebra, Zoo logy, English, Manual Training, Domes tic Science and Commercial work, and as athletics we are taking up basket ball and intend to take up all kinds of running, jumping etc. we are starting out with sprinting, putting-the-shot etc. The enrollment this year is Twenty three in thé senior classes and twenty in the junior classes. There are ten new pupils in the Senior classes and three in the junior classes. We have al so had to put on two new teachers. Be sides this school and industrial educa tion we have our theater on Sunday where those that are gifted may ad vance in that line. On Monday, our mental science class. We are now tak ing up character reading, and in that same evening comes our orchestra prac tice. On Tuesday the U. C. B. social party. On Wednesday we have our violin practice and choir practice. On Thursday Psychological meeting for young and old. and also Folk dancing. On Friday, "sex hygiene and band prac tice .and on Saturday come? the danc injr class and dance. ° * * * ç The junior violin class is moving right along. It now has 20 members. Monday, we began our first piece of music and played it righ off. We have been learning the different methods of drawing the bow, the scales, and the arpedueos. ¥ « « « Last week the train brought to Llano school six more pupils. Three came Monday and the others came Satur day. The first three are Catherine Sutherland, 15, in the ninth grade; Ruth Sutherland, 17, in the eleventh grade, and Sanburn Sutherland 7, in the second grade. The three that came Saturday were Mr. and Mrs. Martin's nieces, Alberta Fenton, 13, in the sivth grade anl Doris Fen ton, 6, in the first grade, and Jul ius Goldman, 12, in the eighth grade. Julius is Leo Goldman s brother. We are all very glad to have these six school mates with us. # * » * W« now have our new cafeteria. How to Make Fertilizer at Home By George D. Coleman Now Ready to Mail At the request of many friends, George D. Coleman has written a booklet on his plan of making fertilizer at home. This booklet is now published by The Llano Publications, and is ready for you at 50c a copy. It contains a fund of valuable knowledge, which every farmer and garlener should have. " v V . „ / Fifty Cents Post Free For Sale by THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS Newllano, Leesville, La. and maybe you think we are not glad of it! It is so cool and handy. Of course, we have to take our turns.at washing dishes, but we do not mind that—we should, not be real co-opera tors if we did. ' Margaret E. Seelye. ♦ V ♦ * Apparently, some did not get enough exercise at the dance last night. Mr. Gaddis and Victor, Warren Fread, Carl Hoover, Clarence Shutt, Max Beavers, and Bennett Babb started for the An acoco Creek to spend the next day fishing and having a good time. The wagon seemed to be a regular traveling sawmill, julging from the noise it emit ted. Finally, when within about a mile of the creek, it was decided high time to camp outside of mosquito land. Then up arose the youngest and most saîicer eyed of the group, demanding: "Ees this Mill Creek bridge?" and on be ing informed that it was not, he pro ceeded to dive into his blanket and re mained quiet for the remaining two and one-half hours of darkness. But one poor long-legged fellow who had perch ed himself out in the middle of the road, complained about the cover be ing too short and the trouble of keep ing his feet under. —But the day was well spent in catching a gigantic fish about four inches long and eating up about a week's grub. NOT ENTITLED TO BE AN AMERICAN Washington. — Contempt for Harry Daugherty the man, and resentment of his oppressive attitude toward the rail road workers in the present strike, is reflected by many of the bulletins is sued by district or system federations of shopmen at various points through out the country. An example of this protest literature, which has reached headquarters in Washington, is Bulle tin No. 63, issued by the strikers at San Antonio, Tex. It is headed: Keep Clean in 1922; for 30 Years We'll Re member You. Its text, in part, reads: "Harry Daugherty, who temporarily occupies the exalted position of attorney gener al of the United States, will pass into oblivion along with those other political expedients who now and then in times past have occupied that great post. He has lost the spiritual title of American. When he enjoins union funds from be ing used for needy women and chil dren he becomes in spirit a despotic ruler and deserves deportation to Rus sia. "Tliis strike would never have oc curred had not the railroad executives shown absolute contempt for the work ers as men. They hate working men who display any independence. Nei ther woijid this strike have occurred had the labor board been strictly non partisan. But from its inception the board did nothing to prevent the rail roads from doing as they pleased with its decisions. "Harry Daugherty piously talks of preserving the right of every man to work wherever he pleases. Harry Daugherty will never have power suf ficient to wash out the stain of a man who scabs in this great conflict." ENDORSE IMPEACHMENT OF DAUGHERTY Minneapolis. — Inlorsement of the effort of Congressman Oscar Keller, St. Paul, calling for the impeachment of U. S. Atty-Gen. H. M. Daugherty, was given at a meeting of the county cen tral committee of the Working People's Political league. FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF LLANO By Geo, Sutherland I hold in my hand a document dated August I, 1916, to which the names of Job Harriman, President, and Frank E. Wolfe (then) Sec'y, of the Llano Co operative Colony, are attached: it is the agreement issued to installment members and receipt for application fee. Being a poor money-grubber, I could not "carry on" and. had to drop out; but, for the past six years, the idea of "sometime" entering the Colony has been "in the back of my head," as the saying is. An unexpected change in financial affairs during the past six months made it possible for my family and self to resume negotiations for Colony membership;—we arrived Mon day afternoon, September 11 tin—this is written on the afternoon of the SEV ENTEENTH. I am here giving the ob servations and impressions of FIVE DAYS' residence and industrial activ ity at Newllano—for, within 40 hours of the time of my arrival, I was at work in one of the Colony's major industries, as a "lumber-mill hand"—I DESIRED it to be so. Since this article must be brief and "sketchy," and for the further reason that co-operators have adopted as their own Herbie Hoover's war-time slogan, "Let Nothing Be Wasted" (though we know Herb to be a four-flusher), I'll just call the roll of some of the Colony industries, without making comment? they are :, Lumbering, saw mill, dairy ing (cows and goats), farming on a so cialized scale, bakery, laundry, cabin et-making, handle-turning, shoe and harness-making, print-shop (publishing regularly three papers, besides turning out much commercial printing).. The colonists manufacture peanut butter, syrup, vinegar ,and candy. There is an auto repairing industry of sizable proportions; commercial blacksmithing and wagon building are also done. There is a school system which takes kids at'two years old into the kinder garten and carries on through the grades to high school work. The hotel serves three meals a day to an average of 200 people ; school girls operate a cafeteria, where the kids get their dinners and suppers. There are also a swimming-pool, about 50 x 75 ft., and shower baths. There are clubs, classes and groups of many kinds for serious study, recreation, and all-'round improvement. There is a library of 3000 volumes, in which many of the world's classics may be founl. But I must stop enu merating features—I am asked to give my impressions, so here goes. The .first fact which forcibly strikes the tenderfoot in this co-operative com munity is the MORAL EARNESTNESS of the men and women who handle and work in the Colony's industries and the various departments necessary and vital to the community life; they are tremendously interested in their jobs as a part of the BIGGER job— hence there is absent that element of waste which makes it necessary to have a "straw &oss" for every half-dozen men, as in industries on the "outside"; these men and women understand their work and know what is required of them. The whip and drive of competi tive industry are absent here; the common weal and social urge are the motives which speed up the colonists in their activities. There are no clocks in evidence in any of the places where groups of workers are employed; there are no "clock-watchers"; we are divid ing up" with nobody, but working for ourselves and the race-ideal—a soci ety made up of free men and free wo rn. I see no reminders of LAW and FORCE at Newllano; there are no cops"—we do nothing with which the punitive branch of society is concern ed. The chief concern of the Colony folks is—THE CHILDREN—those who are soon to take up the task of creat ing, not a new heaven, as set forth in Saint John's pipe dream, but a NEW EARTH, a new ENVIRONMENT for men and women in the flesh; hence ed ucation, relaxation, recreation, and in dustry are all geared for the develop ment of strong-bodied, clean-minded, clear-seeing, straight-thinking, but use ful and happy children—we have them here NOW. So, instead of hard looks, harsh speech, and the Biblical rod (which we are urged not to spare), we have a notable consideration and solic itude for children everywhere, on the part of the adults. We parents of Newllano KNOW at all times where our children are and HOW they are em ploying their time, both in and out of school—Newllano is a self-contained community, the only one I know of on this continent. Our daughters are ne ver for a moment menace^ by that spe cies of sub-brute—the 'chicken-chas social life for adolescent youth here is clean, wholesome, normal, for the race at its best. There are no Holy Joes (preachers) at Newllano, with their eternal and in fernal patter about abstract goodness, and, by the same sign, there is an ab sence of profanity end general cussed ness. Here we, ^ave concrete goodness, men and women at Llano Colony are not driven by the devilish spirit of mo dern industry and business—they are goodness, virtue, stabilized character, is the by-product of economic freedom, and the occupations and recreations of the people—no need of preachers or other parasites in this placp. This is the ONE community I've ev er been in in over thirty years of wan derlust and travel, where the insignia of the sex pervert are entirely absent; not a mark, not the slightest suggestion of obscenity—what a RELIEF! Having passed out of contact with competitive society and into a little world of co-bperation, one does not meet great men (falsely so-called), but here are many men and women of much higher than average mentality and in telligence; not posseurs, but THINK ERS and DOERS. For instance, on Friday night last I attended the week ly agricultural meeting and listened to a young fellow 72'years of age give a scientific talk on the value of the grass which feeds the herbivorous an imals, on which the carnivorous ani mals depend for their three squares; the man who made the talk had put in the day—making sweet potato crates— that is only one of the many useful things which he can do and does do— he is a chemist. In Newllano, one is impressed with the simplicity, directness and sincerity of the colonists in their speech; but all are very much interested in what one is thinking or doing, particularly if he thinks and talks intelligently, or if he does a particular thing exception ally well. In their work, in the privacy of their individual homes (which are not per fumed and super-heated by wash-days or individual cooking), and during their hours of relaxation and recreation, these people look happy, care-free, hopeful and unfettered; in their faces one misses the look of fear, worry, and anxiety which so characterizes the fea tures of an increasing number "on the outside," in this "land of the free (?) and home of the brave (?)"—here is ECONOMIC SECURITY. These peo ple OWN their jobs; they know no masters, save such as are found in their common needs, common hope, and the ambition back of the BIG IDEAL, aM of which they are realizing from day to day by their vision, intelligence, indus try and spirit of unselfishness and ser Are you coming to Llano? Boost your paper whilst you are waiting. Refute What "They" Say Live and Learn at Llano DO YOU KNOW that you can spend a very profitable vacation at Llano? You can live here with the co-operators for $1.00 a day, and—just think what you can learn from this wonderful experiment. Some say we are not co-operators. If we are not co-operating there never was any such thing. Merely buying and selling in the capitalist mark«!, in order to save the mid dleman's profit is surely not the limit of co-operative eitort Llano climate is so mild that fall and winter is a good tim e to visit us. Come and help us harvest our crops. Work and play with our fellows and enjoy our life. Some self-styled co-operative expertsclaim we are not co-operating. We merely reply: "Come and see." You will learn us from personal experience, perceive our aims, and understand the idea which drives us onward. The invitation is for all. Health, happiness and education will result from a vacation at Llano. Get off the Kansas City Southern train at Stables some day, and you will become a missionary for th® Llano idea. Don't merely accept the statements made by uninformed persons and fanatics; come on and live with us for a month, for $30,00, and you'll KNOW. LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY NEWLLANO. LA. Absent Members * "J Llano Colony has a great big new proposition to take hold of. Expan sion is in the air. Wonderful opportun ities are now offered to other colonies in various locations. Old members who have been away from Llano are urged to get in touch at once with the management. Send us the addresses of'old com rades who are out of touch with us at present. We want trained colonists to help us start new colonies in the near fu ture. Now is the time to get in on the real beginning of the Co-operative Commonwealth. Write at once to— LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY Newllano, Leesville, La. WORKING WOMEN TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES (By The Federated Pre»«) St. Louis. — Women in industrial pursuits must be taught to think for themselves and make their own decis ions in order to fulfill their duties as citizens and a part of the working class. This is what the recently-organ iged local branch of the Women 's Trade Union league proposes to do for St. Louis women in industry, according to its president, Mrs. Sarah Spraggon. "The lack of education among the working women in general is amazing," says Mrs. Spraggon. "There are per haps 100,000 industrial women in St. Louis, and only a small percentage of that number know how to solve prob lems that effect their interests as work ers. We have 5000 members in our league and we know how they have progressed since the real man a organization and legislation was to them. 'Labor will never progress as it should until its women are as intelli gent along lines of legislation, organiz ation and citizenship as men," Mrs. Spraggon continued. "Too long has the working women depended upon women from other classes of society t® tell her what to do or not to do. Many . of those people have betrayed that trust and made the working woman suspicious of any advance to help her." A man asked to give a recitation, recited Marco Bozzaris, and when he came to the lines: "Strike for your altars and your fires. Strike for the green graves of your sires Strike for God and your native land," a boy in the gallery piped out : "You're out mister—three strikes is out."