Newspaper Page Text
What is the Matter
With Yonr Psychology? "Habit," says the Talmud, "strips sin of its enormity." Habit and cus tom, no matter how harmful they m^y be to the individual and pernicious to society, are assumed to be the normal ly constructive, natural, and correct thing to do, as right in essence and practiced Robber knights of old, bri gands and pirates, deemed their nefar ious calling entirely legitimate, and in voked the blessings of God upon their raids on other people's goods and purs es. Many other wrongdoers have done the same thing and justified their ac tion on the plea, "They all do it." Self-justification has always eased, the conscience of the nobles as against the serfs, the slaveholder as against his slaves and the capitalist, profiteer, and employer as against the wage worker and the common people in gen eral. The explanation for this abnormality must be sought in the fact that people are deciding such matters, not in a un iformly recognized rule, or scientific criterion of judgment, but on the basis of a personal opinion or viewpoint, re gardless of the actual facts in the mat ter. An attendance at one of the psycho logy meetings at Llano Colony is high ly illuminating. To note the unity in vision, conviction and sentiment among the pioneers and old colonists and then hear divergent ideas expressed by new comers, who lack both the experience and the knowledge possessed by the former. » They are not mindful of the fact that we are living in an undeviating world order or reign of law wherein every act of commission or omission carries with it its own reward or penal ty. They have failed to develop their intellect; have failed to acquire the knowledge upon which their welfare depends; and, altho lacking the specif ic knowledge that is necessary for the solution of the numerous problems that arise in hum^n society, nevertheless consider themselves perfectly qualified to render expert advice without hesita tion on every proposition. The qpestion of the proper nourish ment of children was mentioned by some one; and, for a little light upon this subject, we quote Mrs. Alice M. Reinhold, an expert naturopath, of Cal ifornia, who, in a late number of the Vegetarian Magazine, wrote as follows: "For years before our son was born, neither his father nor I used dairy pro ducts of any kind, nor did we use ani mal flesh in any form. Result—our boy was born (weight 10 pounds) with out any pain or trouble, and tasted of nothing but his mother's m:lk for the first year of his like. He never tasted of animal or dairy products until over 4 years old, and then only because we went to live i n a new colony where there was not much else for a time. Yet he never once had a meal of animal food, and got away from the dairy stuff just as soon as possible. Now, at 20 years of age, he has ne ver had a sickness in his life,. never was vaccinated, does not smoke, swear, or have any habits that are called bad. He is over 6 feet tall, and quite strong and muscular, weighing over 170 pounds. I have raised and helped to raise several motherless babies without ei ther cows' or goats' m'.lk. I used "milk of the grain"—wheat, oatmeal, cornmeal, etc., sweetened a little with honey; and never had a sickness among the children. For the benefit of those interested, I give the recipes. Use a little Dana grinder. Grind up your own hard wheat, yellow corn meal, oatmeal, or barley, raw. Stir a small quantity into distilled water for a few moments. Then strain thru cheese cloth. Very slowly warm it in a double boiler, stirring the while, un til creamy (use your own i" d § ment about the time, but never allow the heat over 98 degrees F., or you will! coagulate the tender albumen). Serve warm in a nippled bottle as with milk. Use a little honey to sweeten. You can vary the grain according to the condition of child. A weakly child re quires barley as well as wheat. Just recently there was an epidemic of "septic sore throat" among children in the suburbs of Portland, and twelve of the babies and small children died as the result. Such an epidemic is likely to appear at any time, and in any place, with like fatal results, as our "health boards" insist on each cow be ing vaccinated when her raw milk is served in dairy form. If a baby must have artificial food, why not at least take it first hand, fresh from the grasses and grains, as the cow does, and not wait to get it second -handed from the big cow, af ter she has taken it fresh from nature, from which she has evolved her milk, flesh and blood and waste materials? Lazy, ignorant people revent to avat ism by eating the cow and her products, with the consequent train of diseases. Wise, educated vegetarians take their food fresh from na-ture's hand and are not troubled with diseases. They are also able to produce their own milk for their own babies with "human natures" instead of "cow natures." Orthodox beliefs of many kinds on a variety of subjects are being cast overboard nowadays; and, as Professor Martin said at a recent psychology meeting, "new discoveries are made in the science of dietetics right along, and books over two years old are no longer dependable. And this reminds me of a little experience of a commun ity in Chicago that I was familiar with thirty years ago. It was reported to the school board of the city that the children were undernourished and not properly cared for. The members of the board came out to the place and looked up the children who were play ing oue in a little grove at the time. The children looked so well ; and, when they were questioned, they told a straight stcry of the vegetarian diet they were nourished upon and their general treatment that highly pleased the board. And when interviewing the management of the society, they ex pressed themselves well satisfied and wished that some day all the children in Chicago might fare equally as well. The pioneers of Newllano are people with a vision. They did not flee to the wilderness to build ud a little garden of Eden utterly indifferent as to how the rest of the world fared. The pur pose of the Colony enterprise was and is to try out and demonstrate that the Golden Rule is not only a practical rule of human intercourse and relation ship, but that in fact it is the ONLY rule that is practical, if peace, plenty, and prosperity are ever to be secured for all. The people at Newllano believe that the new civilization must be estab lished and demonstrated in visible form il» full view of the world before it will be accepted and generally inaugurated. Every new invention and improvement has to run the gauntlet of unbelief, prejudice, and opposition; but an ob jective, visible demonstration finally disarms all antagonism and enters up on a triumphant march of victory. 1 he spirit that already prevails in all the intercourse of the Newllano col onists with one another is positive proof that they are on the right track. The Co-operative Commonwealth will ma terialize just as rapidly as the people bes;in to co-operate. Men can get larger results by work ing together and for each other than by each one going it alone on his own hock and "paddling his own canoe." Associated effort has achieved all the so-called great works of civilization, the abundant plenty of modern times. But there is no good reason why a few should hog the lion's share of that abundance,. no matter how useful any one may be. Nor is there any justifi cation for any one who is able-bodied being excused from doing his propor tionate share of the necessary work that human necessities require to be done for the subsistence and mainten ance of human existence. The inter dependence of people living in contig uity consists really in mutual work done for one another. No one has any claim upon another's labor or product, ex cept for labor performed or produce provided for the other's need. When this is generally recognized, public opinion will no longer tolerate profit eering. or the levying of tribute in any form or under any name. THE FRENCH ARMY At last we know the exact facts as to the French army, thanks to an of f. . I . . . . i N a ficial statement to the League ot Na Hons. which 92,000 are in Germany or on the Rhine, 70,000 are carrying out treaty Obligations in the Saar, Syria, the Cam eroons> an d Togoland, 193,000 are pre . . .. , venting the native populations in the French colonies from rising against r • r ^riA nnn -, It consists of 690,000 men, of France, proper. Of the total of 690, 000 now under arms (725,000 is the number authorized by the new French law), 375,000 are white conscripts, 205,000 colonial natives forced into military servitude, 10,000 are foreign ers, and no less than 100,000 are pro fessional soldiers. This gives France about 240,000 more troops than the Kaiser had at the outbreak of the war when he was supposed to be planning for a conquest of the world. What a "piker" he was! The French de clare frankly in this report that fear of Germany compels them to maintain the 427,000 men under arms on the continent, altho a French general, Nol Iet, who is the head of the disarma ment commission, reports that he has been into "every nook and comer of Germany in which arms could be con cealed" and that he considers her com pletely disarmed. Naturally, it is not especially pleasant for Americans to . - read these figures and the« recall that TWO SQUINTS AT PROFESSORS (By The Federated Press) There are university professors who are working honestly for the public good and many who are time -serVers to the existing system. Among the latter is President David Friday, Michi gan Agricultural college. Prof. Friday (how 1 apt the name, recalling the story of Robinson Crusoe) has written an article for the Review of Reviews in which he seeks to arraign the farmers of the country against the railroad workers. His argument is vic ious rather than subtle. It is to the effect that the railroad men are receiv ing a considerably larger share of the public wealthy than are the tillers of the soil. As almost everyone knows, the far mer has been bled, impoverished, ex ploited, and robbed by the middle men, brokers, speculators, and railway own ers, until he is about exhausted. Fri day would have the railroad worker humbly lower himself to that standard of life and living. His propaganda is entirely in the interest of the Associa tion of Railway Executives, who are distributing a tondensed edition of the professor's magazine article. The farmer is fast waking up to his natural alliance with organized labor. He, too, is seeing the advantage of co operation, and the Nonpartisan league and other agencies are a testimony to his struggle to release himself from the economic toils in which he is caught. The Farmers' Union of Oklahoma, for example, representing 35,000 genuine farmers, recently expressed "100% sympathy for the striking railroad shop in." In pleasing contrast to Friday and his work for the interests, comes a re port from the University of Minnesota. The Minneapolis Workers' College ask' ed Dr. L. D. Coffman, the president, University of Minnesota, to figure out how a section hand, getting the lowest wage of 23 cents an hour, could save enough to send his children to the un iversity. The matter was referred to the un iversity's division of home economics. 1 he experts in that department have reported back that they find, even with the most rigid economy, it will cost at least $9.73 a week to supply a family of five with meat, bread and butler, or $505.96 a year, and tint, if cnly the bare necessaries of life were supplier' the outlay would be from $1,692.50 to $1,733.38 a year. This is more than the average wage received by the skilled railway work men who have been on strike., and whose wages the labor board has been trying to beat down still furthèr. So we have professors—and profes sors. It is to the interest of the work ers to sustain those men in the colleges who are disposed to tell the truth, to defend them against attacks from the boards of trustees, and to give wide publicity to their courageous work. THE LAND OF THE FREE v _ _ .. , ... Uunn, New York City; Cyril Lambkin w;l| . D ,, _ D .. (By The Federated Press) St. Joseph, Mich. — Nine political prisoners of the 20 held in the county jail are at liberty. Eight of them have been temporarily released on bail and the charges against the ninth have been dropped. All werè arrested on or af ter Aug. 21, charged with conspiracy to violate and with violating the Mich igan criminal law, the anti-labor war hysteria statute. The evidence is al leged attendance at a secret meeting supposed to have been held in the woods in this county Aug 21. Hearing has been set for Sept. 26 in St. Joseph. Those out on bail are William Z. Foster, Earl Browder, Chicago; C. E. Ruthenberg, Cleveland; William F. William Reynolds, Detroit; Alex Bail, Phi ] aclelphia . Max Lemer> Seatt]e Francis Ashworth, Camden, arrested at the entrance of the alleged gather ing place and so badly beaten that he was placed in hospital for two days, has been set free and the charges dropped after he was compelled to sign a state ment that he would not bring suit for damages against those responsible if he should be permanently injured. Browder's bail was reduced to $5000 from the $10,000 set for the others af ter the judge learned that Browder's mother had died in Kansas City and that there was just time for Browder to get there in time for the funeral. Bail money was supplied by the Chicago Teachers' union, which put up $2400 cash and pledged $8000 liberty bonds. Those still held through inability to raise $10,000 bail money for each are Caleb Harrison, Norman Tallentire, Thos. O.Flaherty, A. Mihelic, New York; Charles Krumbein, Charles Erickson, Eugene Bechtold, Philip Ar onberg, Chicago; T. S. Sullivan, Elmer McMillin, St. Louis; Seth Nordling, Portland. Ore. they went to war to end militarism on the continent and that the French insist that they are too poor to pay us even Ae interest on the war debt.—The Na tioa. $ ^ ARE THEY GUARDING THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS? (By Tke Federated Press) Washington. — When Rep. Oscar Keller of Minnesota arose on the floor of the house and read a series of seven charges and a formal resolution im peaching Attorney General Daugherty 'for high crimes and misdemeanors" and calling upon the house judiciary committee to investigate the charges, he was quickly taken off the floor by a parliamentary trick." Evasion of the issue, which has marked the tactics of the administration leadership in the house for the past two years, was again employed. Majority Leader Mondell and Speaker Gillett, in this instance precisely as in the case of the Woodruff-Johnson resolution, seek ing to compel Daugherty to prosecute the war contract grafters, stifled the protest without pretense of answer. . Keller offered to the house these charges : "First—Harry M. Daugherty, attor ney-general of the United States, has used his high office to violate the con stitution of the United States in the fol lowing particulars: 1. By abridging freedom of speech. 2. By abridging freedom of press, i 3. By abridging the right of the peo ple neacefully to assemble. "Second—That, unmindful of the duties of his office and his oath to de fend the constitution, and unmindful of his obligation to discharge those du ties faithfully and impartially, the said Harry M. Daugherty has in his capacity as attorney general of the United States conducted himself in a manner arbi trary, oppressive, unjust, and illegal. "Third—He has without warrant threatened with punishment citizens of the United States who have opposed his attempts to override the constitution and laws of this nation. "Fourth—He has used the funds of his office illegally and without war rant in the prosécution of individuals and organizations for certain lawful acts which, under the law, he was specifically forbidden to prosecute. "Fifth—He has failed to prosecute individuals and organizations violating the law after those violations have be come public scandal. "Sixth—He has defeated the ends of justice by recommending the release from prison of wealthy offenders against the Sherman anti-trust law. "Seventh—He has failed to prose cute defendants legally indicted for crimes against the people." After reading these charges, Rep. Keller announced that he therefore moved adoption of this resolution. But the administration does not want Daugherty's conduct in getting the injunction against the railroad workers brought up for inquiry by a committee on impeachment. Hence it stopped Keller before he had even be gun his speech. Mondell moved that the resolution be referred to the judi diary committee, and he moved the previous question upon his own motion. Speaker Gillett ruled that "Keller was taken from the floor by his own action in offering the resolution. Blanton, of Texas, raised the point of order that Keller was net entitled, under the rules to read the charges and then offer a resolution. Blanton's point was over ruled, but Keller was not permitted to speak. The administration majority, voting solidly, buried the whole matter by sending it to committee. In the suppressed speech, Keller charged Daugherty with seeking in vio lation of the constitution and the Clay ton act to smash the rail unions. UNDER COVER THIEVING , ^ fn'^'toTaking He txphiaed that thjs , oan was for(> (By The Federated Press) Washington. Passage of the Li berian loan resolution, under which congress was to have authorized the treasury to loan $5,000,000 to the Li berian government at the request of Se cretary Hughes, has been imperilled by Sen. Borah, who has delivered an at tack on the scheme in the senate. Un less President Harding makes a person al appeal to regular Republicans to up hold Hughes, the measure will be drop ped. Borah shows that $1,650,000 of the amount would go directly to New York bankers to satisfy their claims. Kuhn, Loeb and Co., Morgan and Co., and the National City bank are the chief bene ficiaries. Liberia's total annual reven ue is $163,000—a little over 3% on the proposed loan. The measure pro vides for a score of high-salaried Amer ican officials, starting with a financial commissioner at $15,000 and a deputy at $10,000, ap auditor and three chief assistants at $6000 each, who shall con stitute a sort of dictatorship over the country. In this bill, Borah declared ,is sum med up the imperialism that threatens the ruin of the country. In Nicaragua, backed by American bayonets, New York financiers have exploited the re public to the tune of millions. Then American armed forces went into Haiti, and "practically at the point of the bayonet we forced upon the Haitian people a loan of from $10,000,000 to $14,000,000 which they were object ed upon jf-Jaiti "because when the com missions were paid and the exorbitant interest was paid the loan realized for those who were loaning it far beyond anything that could be realized in this country. The same was true in Santo Domingo. And, this in Liberia is but another step." According to information which he felt sure was accurate, a large part of the Liberian internal debt to be paid out of this loan had been bought up by American bankers to 10 to 20 cents on the dollar—and it would now be paid at 100 cents. He predicted that the Liberian people would not be permitted to benefit by any of the $3,000,000 that would be left after debts were canceled: the American bureaucrats would spend it for them, and the poor Liberians would remain prostrate un der the impossible load of the loan and its accumulating interest charge. They would have become aeons of the United States, exploited henceforth for the pri vate gairf of American corporations. THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN Portland, Ore. — At the Episcopal ean convention here prelates tell about the rapid spread of bolshevism in Chi na, conscription in French Africa, and "spiritual unenlightenment" at home. If It Is a DIXIE PRIDE BROOM IT IS A GOOD ONE Made and Sold by LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY, Leesville, La Llano Peanut Butter Made from Spanish Peanuts only, with the natural oils retained and only a little salt added for seasoning. The purest peanut butter made Nature's Meat for Children One pound of Llano Peanut Butter equals three pounds of steak in food value and is more digestible and especially good for children 1 -lb. can—30c; 2-lb. can—55c; 4-lb. can—$1.00; 8-Ib. can—$2.00 Send money order for postage Mail your order to— Llano Co-operative Colony, Leesville, La. Without KEEP FIT Disease, no matter what the name for it, springs from but one cause— uneliminated waste matter that you take into your system, but cannot use. How to eliminate all poisons from the system is the great problem. Dope does temporarily; but to know how to do it naturally—that's nature's way. ' DO NOT BE A SUFFERER Disease is not an accident. We invite it if we are not free from unelimin ated matter. How to keep physically fit is told in a little 70-page booklet writ ten by— DR. JOHN DE QUER who has made a special study of the question of natural therapeutics. He tells about his discoveries in his new booklet called— "Health 1 hrough Natural bdrees 50c A COPY THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS LEESVILLE, LOUISIANA. Progress and Plenty By JAMES S. PATON M)r. Paton, a member of the Llano Co-operative Colony, in his recent book, "Progress and Plenty," presents a timely and able discussion on current economic thought, dealing es pecially with currency reform matters. It explains why the unemployment curse is upon us, why the prices of land, labor, and capital are high or low. It sets forth a plan for immediate action which the author believes is fundamentally necessary to preserve the best interests of numanity. The book is cloth-bound and was published to sell at $1.00, but can be obtained now through the Llano Colony for 50c. 50 Cents CLOTH-BOUND— —POSTAGE PAID THE LLANO PUBUCATIONS LEESVILLE, LA. Happiness ! Dancing F ., Happiness pouring in son* " People ail springing and s' singing Happiness lifts them along. Happiness! Morning Happiness! Daily in new-born power! People all waking to wonderful making. Happiness hour by hour! Happiness! Lifelong Happiness! Work that is noble and fair! People all living in labor's glad giving. Happiness, çommon as air! Charlotte Perkins Gilman. CANADIANS OPPOSE WAR (By The federated Press) Calgary, Alta. — Strong protest against participation by Canada in a war in the Near East was expressed in a resolution passed by a meeting of the Dominian Labor party here and a copy of the resolution has ben forward ed to Premier Mackenzie King.