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The Junior Colonial
VINITA THURMAN' Editor. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER By Robert Lindsey The greatest factor in earthly af fairs, with the one exception of the laws of nature, is the human mind. It contain* the power of preservation whereby it gives to the rising genera tions the experiences of the past. It contains the power of dictation where by it teaches the world to come. It contains the power of comprehension by which it can construct new things, and it also contains the power, when wrongly used, of being the most de structive and deteriorating force 011 earth. All the beasts of the jungles, all the hurricanes of the plains, and all the fires of the forest and floods of the vailles have not done as much damage to Mother Earth as Man's idle mind. Science has lately made the discov ery that on the average only one se venth of the human mind is ever de veloped. Think of it—one seventh. Does that mean that the progress of the world has been built by only one seventh of the brain power that has ben put upon its surface for existence? No, not exactly, for the real progress has been made by men and women who have developed their brain power be yond that standard, but it does mean thai the world's advancement has been hindered some five sevenths. When the average person only develops one seventh of his brain cells and there are millions more ir. his class, it does mean that six sevenths of the billions of brain cells of the world are dormant, inactive and thus making millions of immature men and women and lastly a small mental world. Along with this fact, we have the statement made by the war department during the last war, that seventy adults out cf every hundred have the minds of a fourten year eld child. This also shows the growth of the average hujnan mind. General Pershing, during the war, stated that only one man out of every four in the entire American army could read and write English intelligently. We are able to see from the above statements the extremely small percent of the human brain that is disclosed to the world. We are able to see why the thousands permit themselves to be led and flogged into some unscrupulous doctrin designed by a council of plut archs for the purpose of taking from them from their life sustenance. We are able to see why humanity has made Who Will Assist the Little Folks at Newllano The hope of the new civilization lies in the children. Llano Co-operative Colony is blazing a trajl for the new order of society. Llano has a kindergarten of twenty-five little ones, and as this is a pioneer proposition, much has to be done with the resources at our command. We need picture books for the children. Will you send us what your children can spare? We need pictures of birds and animals, Perry pictures, il lustrated postals, magazine pictures—anything suitable for children's scrapbooks. Will you please look up what you have an! send them to usas soon as possible. Address: Kindergarten, Newllano, La. How to Make Fertilizer at Home By George D. Coleman Now Ready ta Mail At the request of many friends, George D. Coleman has written a booklet on his plan of making fertilizer at home. This booklet is now published by The Llano Publications, and is ready for you at 50c a copy. It contains a fund of valuable knowledge, which every farmer and garlener should have. V Fifty Cents Post Free For Sale by THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS Newllano, Leesville, La. such slow progress in just plain think ing. It is not the lack of brain cells but the lack of developed, active brain cells that makes the masses so easily con trolled and deceived. It is the deficien cy of selfpower due to a lack of brain activity that makes millions of adults minds no stronger than a child's. When the average person has no more active brain cells than he had when he was fourteen years old it simply shows a lack of sufficient mental exercise dur ing his earlier life.^ He is now at the mercy of those older and more exercis ed in brain power. If he is a normal human being/ God gave him enough brain cells tnat when fully developed would be sufficient to make him leader for himself, but when he refuses or neglects to develop his brain he na turally becomes weak and must be led by the stronger. , The athletic would not think of en tering a contest in running without hav ing previous exercise. His muscles be come strong and active from constant exercise. The lumberman's muscles grow hard and brawny because he swings the axe or pulls the saw daily. The blind man develops the ear and fingers, the dumb the sense of sight and the man without fingers trains his toes. Hence we see that exercise of any part of the physical body will make it strong and active. We all know that that part of our body which we use most is the more alert. Why should this not also apply to the brain? The brain is divided into numerous divisions each having its own particu lar function to perform. Most of us know from experience that when we have ceased to use an arm or leg for any length of time it becomes practical ly inactive. Some time ago I had long spell of sickness in which I was in bed for two months. When I recovered my legs were as helpless as tho I had never used them. The cells of the brain are far more sensitive- than the cells of the arms or legs and they be come inactive far more quickly than those of the limbs. Try putting your arm in a sling for only a week. It will become clumsy heavy and useless. The cells have shrunk and are weak from lack of nourishment; and they are un dernourished because the blood has not done its part and all because the arm has not had sufficient exercise. Thus if we fail to exercise one part of the brain, it also becomes sluggish in mo tion, heavy-feeling and clumsy in use. The athlete, the miner, the lumber man, the blacksmith, the ditcher, and all that class of hard-working people, develop a sinewy physique, but are many times ladking in mental capacity. On the other hand, the lawyer, the preacher, the teacher, the book keep er, the business man, and all that class are overdeveloped in their particular lines, with mental ability in compari son with their physical bodies. So we "drift from one extreme to the other. We become a totally physical man or a mental prodigy. This, of course, is not the path of us all; but it is the unbalanced life career that millions of us follow, until, at the pre sent time, science can make the rigid statement that we use but one- seventh of our brain power. Some men become so skilled in type writing that they do it automatically; others reach the same perfection in oth e v r lines of work. Such a man has be come but a machine and if he is not careful, he will be of no more use to the world than a piece of machinery. Men who do the same work day after day, week after week, month after month, and year after year, and whose children and children's children con tinue to do the same work, decade after decade, become worse than a piece of machinery. They do not improve or better their lives one particle; but, when an old piece of machinery, they will run no more and will be replaced with a new and better one, more up to-date, more easily manipulated, and more productive. Some particular set of cells and muscles of this generation of generations has become so well train edand the rest so "well" neglected that the individuals are as one-sided as a pair of trousers with one leg. m Such are our lives. We become electricians and develop only our me chanical ability, or lawyers and devel^ op only our desire for oratory, raemo ory and dominance ; or we become mu sicians and develop only our musical talent; or farmers, and become worms of the soil. We become but monoman iacs, in a world of boundless learning, simply because we fail to exerc:se our bodies, including the brain. We must exercise every cell in cur bodies, es pecially those of the brain, if we in tend to be real men and women. Take physical exercise daily to keep the phys ical body fit and mental exercise daily to keep the mental body clear, alert, and active. One is as essential as the other, and both MUST be taken if the whole body is to be strong and healthy. Physical exercise is taken thru ex erting energy. Mental exercise is tak en thru learning. Learn not one pro fession, but a dozen. Be not satisfied with knowing how to lay bricks, but learn to make the bricks and the mor tar they are laid with. Be not satis fied to build a mansion for your mas ter while you live in a leaky shack, but find out why the labor you give should not go to make you a mansion also. And when you have found that out, be not satisfied to still live in your shack, but help to remedy the cause and put to rout the system that has made ycu a slave. That is mental exercise. That is education. That is what makes men powerful. A man is not longer con sidered a great man because he has brawny muscles. He is great because his mind is brawny, so to speak, and he has made it so by exercise. The great men of to-day are not men with strong physiques. They are men with cidinary muscular power and a thousands thoughts. Henry Ford is a mechanic, an inventor, a writer, a business man, and, above all, a logical thinker. So are all other men of im portance; thinkers and doers. The world is emerging into a new era cf learning, and it is being led by men and women who exercise every muscle and every brain cell in their bodies. The world to come will be a world of learning and service render ing. Hç who has a broad knowledge and can put it to practice for the good of humanity will be the leader in the future. He who has but one idea and one goal will follow. Thus, let us exercise every muscle and every cell of our bodies and be men and women as we were born to be. Let us live to learn; for knowledge is power. X. 3* Gradually our high school is grow ing larger. This week two more pup ils entered. They are Mag Potts, 15 years old, who came from Bemidji, Minnesota, and Gladys Belcher, 15 years old from Fargo, N. Dakota. * * * * The children's mental science class, held, Monday, wa$ well attended. We are still having character-reading, and believe me! the lessons are very inter esting—so interesting that the grown up folks change to children and come If by the mere force of numbers a majority should deprive a minority of any constitutional right, it might in a moral point of view justify a revolution —certainly it would if such right were a vital one.—A. Lincoln. * Hypocrisy is a privileged vice; it closes everybody's mouth and err' in peace sovereign impunity.—Moliere. A LIVE BUNCH AT THE AGRICULTURAL MEETING The agriculture meeting at Newllano on Friday evening, September 29, was a most interesting one. Comrade Darth was the first speaker of the evening, and spoke in a most interesting way of the sweet potato planter, planned by him, and of which he had drawn a fine illustration on the blackboard. The proposed Colony mechanics study club was especially advocated by him. Every man of an inventive turn cf mind, he said, should join this. club and, in association, many mechanisms and contrivances can be devised that will laîgely increase the productiveness and efficiency of our man power. Some eight members have already joined the club and will soon begin their study and planning. The initiative of this club, it is expected, will be imitated in every department of Colony wojtk. It is the firm, purpose to reduce all work to mathematical and technical ex actitude and make the Colony's indus trial system an exemplification in hu man engineering. We are living in an age of science, and there is no longer any excuse foi any work being carried on imperfectly and negligently when all the knowledge for the most effective application of natural principles and man power is available. Comrade Charles Tackett brought some fine specimens of kudzu and ele phant grass to the attention of the meet ing and explained their value as forage plants. The elephant grass especially is a heavy producer and as high as 128 tons of hay have been grown to the Kudzu is also very prolific and shows the large provender our kud zu field will provide for the hogs and milk cows in due time. Comrade Buck reported the number of strawberry plants for planting, and invited. volunteers to help him in his work. He intends to install a reservoir to enable him to irrigate the strawber ry plot during dry spells. A communication from the Louisiana State University dealing with fall for age crops was read and commented up Two letters were read from friends of the Colony in Florida, offering to furnish the Colony with dasheen for seed and Japanese persimmon grafts to engraft upon wild persimmon stock, —also some. hardy specimens of ' the citrus family. The offers of the friends is highly appreciated and gratefully ac cepted. One of the friends had the kindness to supply the editor with a Refute What "They" Say Live and Learn at Llano DO YOU KNOW that you can spend a very profitable vacation at Llano? You can live here with the cö-operators for $1.00 a day, and—just think what you can learn from this wonderful experiment. Some say we are not co-operators. If we are not co-operating there never was any such thing. Merely buying and selling in the capitalist market, in order to save the mid dleman's profit is surely not the limit of co-operative effort Llano climate is so mild that fall and winter is a good tim e to visit us. Come and help us harvest our crops. Work and play with our fellows and enjoy our life. Some self-styled co-operative experts claim we are not co-operating. We merely reply: Come and see." You will learn us from personal experience, perceive our aims, and understand the idea which drives us onward. ' The invitation is for àll. Health, happiness and education will result from a vacation at Llano. Get off the Kansas City Southern train at Stables some day, and you will become a missionary for th e Llano idea. Don't merely accept the statements made by uninformed persons and fanatics; come on and live with us for a month, for $30.00, and you'll KNOW. LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY NEWLLANO, LA. WANTED Llano Colony has need of "Several trained helpers in the following lines of work, who can now join us. Installment members are called in to take their places when their services are needed in the Colony. The following are now asked to communicate with the general manager at once: SHOE-REPAIRER, DAIRYMAN BRICKLAYERS, TEAMSTERS BAKERS Applicants must be willing to pioneer a little; and they should be anxious to learn to co-operate. WRITE TO THE GENERAL MANAGER LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY NEWLLANO, VIA LEESVILLE, LA. A FRIENDLY LETTER FROM FLORIDA Mr. Carl Gleeser Dèar Sir: — Through the kindness of a comrade, Mr. F. W. Cotton, J have been a reader of the Llano Publications for a long time past; and, because I do not re member having seen the word "persim m" in any of your columns, I am sending you with this a specimen of a Japanese variety, which is looked upon as the best adapted for commercial purposes. I am ignoring Chief Pickett in this sample of the Japanese persimmon by parcel post; and it was just right, and very delicious. Many thanks, Comrade Roberts, for the splendid treat. The grape club had held a consul tation by themselves and are active in getting the necessary information and preparing for active work at the ear liest opportunity. The agricultural meetings are becom ing very interesting and instructive; and they will prove of great benefit in the advancement of the Colony's ac tivities. matter, because I think he has "too many irons in the fire" to bestow a thought upon it. Hençg, if you re ceive the unripe fruit, when it becomes soft and has lost its astringency, eat it; and, if it suits your taste, hunt up one of your colonists who knows how to graft trees and havehim locate a few thrifty wild or native persimmon trees (I feel certain that they must be plen tiful on the tract) and let me know be fore growth starts next spring, and I will send him a few graft«. Although I do not know the exact latitude of the Colony, or its lowest temperature record, I believe that some of the hardiest varieties or species of the citrus family can be grown there, if worked upon the hardy C. Trifoliata stock. If you find anybody in. the com munity interested in stich things, kindly ask them to let me< know. I am too near the 80's to monkey with such things, now that I cannot see a knife cut when I try to insert a bud. Yours respectfully, Tom Roberts. Understanding the spirit of our insti tutions to aim at the elevation of men, I am opposed to whatever tends to de grade them.—Lincoln.