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If you receive a sample copy of this paper» it is an invitation to you to sub scribe. Some friend of yours has ask ed us to send it. Sample trial subscription is ten cents a month. Regular subscription is $1.50 a Year; five cents a Copy. \ r A WEEKLY MESSENGER FROM THE LLANO COOPERATIVE COLONY The MEMBER THE FEDERATED PRESS VOL. II—No. 25. PUBLISHED AT» LLANO COLONY LEESVILLE LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14. 1922. .■■V* > w- ; To co-operation Llano ïS I sa PRICg FIVE Why Not Cancel ALL Debts, Public and Private, as Well? (By The Federated Pre««) Washington. — The stampede to -ward cancellation of international war •debts—which constructive liberals and radicals have been advocating ever since the armistice in 1918—i s now -on. In America, the rush *s still con fined to the 10,000 bankers in attend ance at the American Bankers' Assn., Wew York, but money talks so loudly that when it shouts "cancellation!" the echo is sure to reverberate through the press and pulpit. Already the press lias responded, and Reginald McKenna took up the cry when he addressed the bankers, Oce. 4. Mc Kenna is from England, and the plan he endorses is known to everyone except the American publis as "The British Treasury Plan," drawn up al-, most a year ago and privately submit ted to American bankers last winter. It is a genuinely constructive plan, and a credit to its originators. Features of the plan, not yet divulg ed to the public, provide as follows: The powers recently at war against Germany will agree to cancel their viciuiaii; mu agicc iv taiiixi men a credit to its originators. Features of the plan, not yet divulg ed to the public, provide as follows: The powers recently at war against Germany will agree to cancel their ,Altho co-operation is comparatively new in Tennessee, the Co-operative Live Stock Marketing Association, or ganized last year by the farmers of viciuiaii; mu agicc iv taiiixi men that state, have saved its members debts to each other—until or unless the$ 19.000, according to a report from United States shall try to collect what State Agricultural College. The the allies own to America; the allied^ armers marketed co-operatively 158 powers will agree to cancel their claims £ ars " ve stock, and the saving ef against Germany—until or unless the* ccte< ^ represents the difference be IJnited States shall try to collect what tween Prices they would have received the allies own to America; a flourish-^ 0111 local buyers had they sold indi ing trade with Europe is premised to v ' < l ua "y an d the sum secured by co American investors and producers if operative sale. they agree to the plan, while no trade T Tennessee farmers are also ap and no chance to collect the debt shall P'y" 1 ? co-operation to the grading and be the penalty of refusing; upon Am-^ ec " n £ '* ve stock, in order to pro erica the onus will rest for keeping Eu- e a better product for the consum rope prostrate, heavily armed and giv- er ® an£ l an increased return for them en to strife, if the United States insists® e ' ves - T:he farmers co-operatives upon collecting the 12 billions of dol- ave a ' so arranged to receive daily re lars owned us by Europe. ports on the market values of their When this plan was given privatelyP roc ' l J ct . s ' which will enable them to se to the American bankers in New York, cure falr market P rices - they immediately apDroved of it. But, they explained to the British origina- Spread the gospel of co-operation by tors, we must have time to preparesiving away your copy of The Llano the American people for silch a somer- Colonist. The Colony Diary Being a Daily Report of Colony Life at Llano. Wednesday, Oct. 6. — Comrade Hill, from Texas, heard the S. 0. S. from Newliano on the Radio question, and to-day Loutrel, Gilhert, and company, the Colony radio bugs, received some "valuable material from Comrade Hill. This, of course, is very encouraging to the radio bugs, and it will not be long before we shall be sitting in the roof garden taking off entertainments from our city brothers. Two boxes from the Clarks, of Virginia, were fill ed with useful tools and other valua bles. It is indeed nice to know there are others interested in our movement, ■who are not here but always ready to do what they can. Every little helps, and we thank you Tor your generous assistance. One machine that our shop needs very much is a large machine lathe. N I wonder if any one can help us to get such an article for our me chanics'to work with. Comrade Bel cher is helping Kling in the garage and machine shop, and I want to see that these two fellows are kept busy. Hans Olson is assisting at the bakery. Mrs. Belcher is expecting to take charge of the cafeteria. Mrs. Potts is helping at the hotel, and Miss Potts and the Bel cher girls are also helping at the ho tel, cafeteria and going to scjiool. Our ten-dollar-a-month olan for school pu pils is a winner. Several people want us to take their children into our school and give them an education with no > false ideals to be broken down later, and a useful occupation learned that they might be useful assets to society* instead of oarasites. Conlin, Gaddis, and Babb have gone into opposition against Baldwin and the dairy. They are now supplying several gallons of peanut milk each day for Colony con sumntion ; and I want you to know it is fine stuff, too. It is rich, whole some, and can be supplied in greff quantities. I shall have to get after our good friend, Geo. Carver, for an analysis of the new product. Getting wood is the big job to-day. and every available man is on the job, sawing or chooping. iust south of the Colony, getting out dried wood before the rains sault on the debt question. Give us time, they explained, and we shall bring the folks around to it. Our bankers have kept their word. Last year, the "uneducated" Ameri can Bankers' Assn. voted down a reso lution which favored debt cancellation. This week in New York the same asso ciation is growing hoarse with applause of the scheme. Meanwhile the European end of the movement is going forward according to schedule. There is still much talk about reducing the German indemni ty, and of "refunding" the allied debts to America. But those words are only the diplomatic synonyms for cancella tion and repudiation. TENNESSEE FARMERS SAVE $19,000 BY CO-OPERATION come. The teams are busy—Kemp, Van, and Waters hauling sorghum to be cut into ensilage; De Boer helping Coleman to cover his last fertilizer plat form; Shutt using the garden team to haul manure; Crawford roustabouting and Busick is hauling gum loge for the saw mill. Walter Fread started work to-day at the saw mill and says he likes the old game as a co-opèrator. Com rade Yates is now getting the milk-goat herd in good shape and expects to soon be supplying those who want it, with goat milk. The milk of the goat has saved the life of many a child and invalid. Don't be surprised to hear of Llano's goat herd in years to come as one of our greatest assets. Schuster, Von Scio and Wurfer are about busy as men could be getting our black smithing and wagon work done and at the same time doing the work that comes to the shop from the outside people. Our neighbors have just learn ed the excellency of our shop, workers Comrade Innes and wife are again vis itors from Montreal, Canada; and we were glad to "shake" with them again. The band and orchestra, followed by the choral society, kept the school house busy with music to-night. * * * # Thursday, Oct. 7. — A nice shower of rain last night puts new life into the garden and the gardeners. The trans planting of cabbage, celery and other plants is being done by the gardeners, and by the children interested in this kind of work. The hay is being shock ed in the field north of the printing of fice, and the ensilage-cutter is filling the big silo at the dairy. The saw mill is cutting the gum logs into blocks which are later made into crate material. Do you want" to know what some of our Llano children are doing? Well, just step over to the saw mill this a.m. and I'll show you. Here are Carl, Warren, and Lottie, running the saw mill that cuts the gum trees into blocks. This p.m., Carl and Warren 90 to school. Lottie is now running the cut-off saw for this crate material. Here are some of our grown-up kids—Comrades Gold HOW DO YOU TACKLE IT? HOW DO YOU tackle your work each day Are you scared of the job you find? Do you grapple the task that comes your way With a confident, easy mind? Do you stand right up to the work ahead, Or fearfully pause to view it? Do you start to toil with a sense of dread, Of fear you Ye going to do it? You can do as much as you think you can, But you'll never accomplish more; If you are afraid of yourself, young man. There's little for you in store. For failure comes from the inside first— It's there if we only know it— And you can win, though you face the worst, If you feel you're going to do it. Success, it's found in the soul of you. And not in the reàlm of luck; The world will furnish the work to do. But you must provide the pluck. You can do whatever you think you can, It's all in the way you view it; It's all in the start you make, young man— You must feel that you're going to do it. How do you tackle your work each day? With a confidence clear of dread? What to yourself do you stop and say When a new task lies ahead? Do you think you will succeed, or Is fear ever running through it? If so, tackle the next you find 3y thinking you are going to do it. —The "Forge" man, Fread, W. Beavers, sawing the gum blocks into slats; Fischer running them thru the planer, and Belohradsky cutting them into proper lengths. La. ter this material is taken out by the small youngsters and racked up to d.y. Denver Cry4r, who cut his finger yes terday, is overseeing this group of five boys on this job. Boss them? No, in deed; he is helping and encouraging them. Over at the crate factory, we find Dr. Ferree, Comrades Paton, Aa by, Dougherty, Schmedes, and De Puy, Tailing crates together. Now you see they jump me because they want these crates sold and out of their way. Quite a group of school boys help in the af ternoons and forenoons at the wood continued on last page) "BILLY" DEQUER'S FAMILY HAS NINE-POUND ADDITION Old colonists who lived in the Cali fornia Llano will be pleased to hear the- news that Wm. De Quer (Billy) has just added another member to his family, making four in all. The latest addition is a boy who arrived at their home in Salt Lake City on October 5 th. Billy is assistant to his brother, Dr. John De Quer, who is now owner of a large sanatorium in Salt Lake. The De Quel* sanatarium has lately added the Abrams methods to its lists of modern equipment. FINE, FAIR WEATHER The, Fair Association owes W. A. Dougherty, the weatherman, a box of good cigars. What for? Why, for furnishing such excellent weather dur ing fair week. Just listen to this: 'Indications for the week are gener elly fair weather, temperatures below normal first part of the week and nor ma^ thereafter. Pressure is low and falling; but there is no evidence of more rainfall as yet." Could finer fair weather possibly be had? Not if the fair folks had made it themselves! The remainder of the prophet's re port reads thusly: 'Temperature for the week Oct. 9 1922: Oct. 3—max. 84, min. 58 Oct. 4—max. 85, min. 63 Oct. 5—max. 88, min. 69 Oct. 6—max. 90, min. 67 Oct. 7—max. 90, min. 52 Oct. 8—max. 78, min. 52 Oct. 9—max. 74, min. 44 "1.55 inches of rainfall was record ed during the week., W. A. Dougherty." The reward of good works is like dates;sweet and ripening late,-—The Talmud. ei^ing DOLLAR-UP CLUB Mrs. Rose B. Blair and Frank Gay er are always good workers for the Dollar-Up Club. Each month they send in membership fees for others whom they have interested in the "dol lar-up" method of assisting our use fulness in helping others—men, women and children. We can expand only within the com pass of our means at hand, and every dollar sent in speeds our advancement and encourages us in our efforts for the common good. Let all good members place at least one new name on* the roster each month. LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB OCTOBER Mat Sunnen Frank Gayer Morris Rapaport Napoleon Hill Dr. Robert K. Williams Mrs. Robt. K. Williams Mrs. Minnie E. Pickett H. J. Hilliard Miss E. M. Van Schoick Henry Mueller Chas. W. La Rue Floyd C. La Rue W. D. Henderson F. W. Miles W. J. Glegg E. J. Pease W. E. Patterson R. Schwarz Mrs. Rose B. Blair J. B. Mari Francis D. Gayer Chas Hook G. A. Farrand N. Cornu Dr. Mileta C. Walker Jennie Fenkart J. R. Teel James Innes Morton B. Bartlett Universal Life Institute Mrs. M. E. McCreary Dr. S. A. Forthun Wm. Gurr J. 0. Duckett W- H, Hazen D. H. Fedderson ' Victor Nelson Paul R. Hennacy The short-sighted man is a very ex pensive animal to have around. Many wives have found this to their sorrow. An institution to care for such would not be a bad idea, and would pay for itself better than many colleges that cram their students with the dead past, of teaching what is good for COLORADO NOMINATES CO-OPERATOR AS U. C. B. JOY AND A WEDDING TO BOOT A grand old time was the U. C. B. ■ The outstanding progressive social on Tuesday night, October 10. cal victory of the past week is the nom Uances of all kirtds, including the Vir- ination of William E. Sweet, of Den gmia reel were enjoyed. David Lind- ver, as candidate for governor of Col sey gave two fine declamations, and orado on a co-operative platform, close comrade Martin and Miss Margaret Seelye favored the gathering with a fine violin duet. Miss Beulah Gaddis accompanying on the piano. And then to give the colonists a full measure, running over, a surprise was sprung on the comrades. It was a real old fashioned wedding. Will Ewell and Louise Belohradsky were the star per [ > "V r s at this little intermezzo, and the Rev. Voyles, of Leesville, tied the knot. Papa Belohradsky gave the j ** aWay * and Miss Gertrude West and Mrs. Sanders acted* as bridesmaids and Frank Newman and Harry Bell as best men to the bridegroom. The hap py pair are favorites with all the col onists and have the best wishes of all for a happy married l$e. Ice-cream and cake were served [to celebrate the event. ^ The cream was made of pea nut milk and delicious as well as high ly nutritious. You bet, we had a good time! ly following that which recently won the senatorial nomination for Smith Brookhart in the Iowa primary cam paign. Mr. Sweet's platform declared for "non-profit co-operative marketing organizations" to enable, the fanners of Colorado to secure a decent price for their products and emancipate them from the speculators, monopolists and commission men's combines. Mr. Sweet recently returned from a study of co-operative achievements in Europe, which convinced him that the future of American industry and agri culture depends upon the adoption of co-operation in this country. Both far mers and workers in Colorado are unit ing to secure his election. WORKERS' LIVES ARE CHEAP (By The Federated Press) Jackson, Cal. — The coroner's jury the Argonaut inquest returned MOVING PICTURES FOR In accordance with your request, we are reserving the following films and programs to be sent to you for use on the dates indicated: Oct. 14-16—Production's Pulse, two reels. Sweet Potatoes from store to Mar ket, one reel. Nov. 18-20—Helping Negroes to be come farmers and home-makers, two reels. Sweet Potatoes from Seed to Stor age, one reel. Dec. 16-18—How to Poison Bollweevil, one reel. National Bird Refuges, one reel. Great Dairy Sires, one reel. , 'U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. P. S. —Mr. W. A. Dougherty received the foregoing statement on Oct. 10, 1922. CO-OPERATION What is co-operation? The answer is "working together for the common good." In a way, we seem to be doing this now; but it is not so. What really are doing is to see how much the general wealth any one of us accumulate from the other feller with out using force. This takes finesse, and certain kinds of trickery, although it is all done in an apparently friendly way. "Working the other fellow" another way of putting it. To reverse all this and unite all in productive fort, where exploitation no longer ists, means a multiplying of all the men tal and physical forces of state or tion for the good of all. It does not quire much thought to estimate sults when this plan of life begins function; what an increase of power there will be! Life will take on entirely new aspect, and where want and misery now exist, plenty and hap piness will reign instead. $45 OR 45c A Pacific Coast farmer has just been educated by the following experience, which we quote upon the authority the Ail-American Co-operative Commis sion of Cleveland. The farmer need ed a pair of shoes. On his way to buy them, he stopped to sell a large calf skin in prime of condition. The deal er did not want to buy it at all, but last gave him 45c for it. Exit calfskin; enter shoes, for which the farmer had to pay $8.40, reduced in price from $10.00 a pair. Nothing fancy—simply honestly made of real calfskin. The farmer objected to the price. The salesman assured him that the shoes were worth the money, since one calfskin did not make more than four pairs df the very best shoes, or from six to nine pairs of inferior shoes. As a producer of raw materials, the farmer got 45c for a calfskin, for which the consumer must pay an average $45 made up in shoes! This farmer now states that his ed ucation in economics is complete, with out getting a degree from a universi ty. Incidentally, he has become a con firmed co-operator, content with noth ing less than the co-operative produc tion of the necessaries of life and co operative distribution without profit $5.00 $1.00 $2.00 $1 .00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00* $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1 .00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1 .00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1 .00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $2.00 (By The Federated Press) Jackson, Cal. — The coroner's jury the Argonaut inquest returned a verdict that the miners "died from gas poisoning caused by a fire of unknown origin, the miners having no means of escape." No grand jury investigation will be held, and no criminal charges will be made against the mine owners. There will, however, be investigation of a sort by a committee appointed, after great solicitation, by Governor Stephens. This will doubtless white wash the owners and end the attempts to fasten the blame for the tragedy where it belongs. NEWLLANO BRITISH CO-OPERATORS AID THE MINERS Detailed reports of the 54th British Co-operative Congress which have just reached this country, states the All-Am erican Co-operative Commission of Cleveland, show the natural interde pendence of co-operation and trade unionism. Co-operative credits and loans given to the destitute miners by the co-operative societies during the past year amount to £6,057,119 ($27, 257,000.00). The great Co-operative Wholesale Bank has stood behind the local societies in helping the miners, the families of many of whom would long ago have starved but for the bro therly assistance of the co-operatives. Other reports laid before the Con gress show that the 4,500,000 British co-operatives have amassed capital to the amount of £74,190,375, on which they did a business in 1921 of £209, 000,000 ($940,000,000), with co-op erative savings returned to the mem bership of £18,000,000 ($81,000,000). As already reported in our columns, the Congress declared for a co-opera tive daily newspaper. In addition, ifc also considered the formation of co-op erative colleges to train the workers in the management"of their own co-opera tive industries, these colleges to be fed erated in a great People's University. The Congress favored the building of an International Co-operative Whole sale Society and an International Co operative Bank, plans for which are now being shaped by the various na tional co-operative groups in the In ternationa] Alliance. CO-OPERATIVE BANKING WINS Cleveland.—The downtown office of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engin eers ' Co-operative National bank, which U. S. Comptroller of the Curren cy D. R. Crissinger recently authorized, opened for business in the former Un ion-Commerce National Bank building, amid a deluge of floral pieces from al most every bank in the city. In addi tion the executives of the brotherhoc*i bank were busy receiving complimen tary calls from the officers of local fi nancial institutions. Warren S. Stone, president of the bank, stated that the receipts and de posits of the new office were satisfac tory, the new accounts opened already exceeding those entered at the parent bank on St. Clair and Ontario Sîs.» which has collected resources of nearly $18,000,000 in less than two years. The Euclid avenue office of the bank is under the supervision of George T. Webb, vice president and chief opérât» ing officer of the bank. hi proportion to thy_efforts will thy recompense.-—-The "" '