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In the new quarterly review, For eign Affairs, Elihu Root, former U. S. .Secretary of State, expressed himself as follows, respecting the dangers threatening amicable relations between -America and other countries: "Political demogogues will seek po pularity by public speeches full of in sult to foreign countries, and. yellow journals will seek to increase their cir culation by appeals to prejudice against foreigners. Hitherto these have been passed over because the speakers and writers were regarded as irresponsible; but, if the democracy of which the speakers and publishers are a part is to control international intercourse, that irresponsibilty ends, and it is the busi ness of the democracy to see to it that practices by its members which lead di Trictly toward war are discoi£aged and condemned. Offenses of this character are frequently committed in this coun try by political speakers and sensa tional newspapers; and, because we are a great nation, and expressions used become known in other countries ■concerned apd cause resentment and bitter feeling. What especially con cerns us is that these are very injur ious offenses against our own coun try. Such public expressions by our own citizens bring discredit upon our country and injure its business and im peril its peace. They answer to the description of crime in the old indict ments as an act "against the peace and dignity" of the state. They will prac tically cease whenever the American public really condemns and resents them so that neither public office nor -newspaper advertising or circulation can be obtained by them. That will come when the American public more fully understands the business of inter national intercourse and feels a sense of the obligations which it incurs by asserting the right to control the con duct of foreign relations." So long as equitable relations do not obtain in domestic affairs, so long will Americans attempt to treat individuals of other nations dishonestly and arouse resentment and the spirit of retaliation. The department of state under Lan sing and Hughes has committed wrongs against small American nations that KEEP FIT Without Doping Disease, no matter what the name for it, springs from but one cause— uneliminated waste matter that you take into your system, but cannot use. How to eliminate all poisons from the system is the great problem. Dope does it temporarily; but to know how to do it naturally—that's nature's way. DO NOT BE A SUFFERER Disease is not an accident. We invite it if we are not free from unelimin ated matter. How to keep physically fit is told in a little 70-page booklet writ ten by— DR. JOHN DE QUER ■who has made a special study of the question of natural therapeutics. He tells about his discoveries in his new booklet called— "Health 1 hrough Natural forces yy 50c A COPY THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS LEESVILLE, LOUISIANA. If It Is a DIXIE PRIDE BROOM IT IS A GOOD ONE Made and Sold by LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY, Leesville, La Progress and Plenty By JAMES S. PATON Mr. Paton, a member of the Llano Co-operative Colony, in his recent book, "Progress and Plenty," oresents a timely and able discussion on current economic th^feht, dealing es pecially with currency reform matters. It explains why the unemployment curse is upon us, why the prices of land, labor, and capital are high or low. It sets forth a plan fpr immediate action which the author believes is fundamentally necessary to preserve the best interests of humanity. The book is cloth-bougd and was published to sell at $1.00, but can be obtained now through the Llano Colony for 50c. 50 Cents CLOTH-BOUND— —POSTAGE PAID THE UANO PUBLICATIONS LEESVILLE, LA. LOS ANGELES CO-OP ERATORS ORGANIZE A co-operative association based on industry ig the latest-from Los An geles. It is to be known as The Los Angeles Co-operative Association, arid is the result of meetings held under the name of the Austin Housing Project, further work on the latter proposition having been deferred until a later date. Among the founders of the new organ ization are Walter Millsap, Robert De luce, Edward Godfrey, and Ernest S. Wooster, all well-known as faithful workers in the co-operative movement on the Pacific Coast. The Association has a splendid loca tion, and at present is doing repair work and manufacturing radio appara tus. As it is the intention of the offi cials for organization to be entirely self-supporting, its growth will be com paratively slow, which will be in ac cordance with their plans. They in tend to profit by the experience of oth er co-operative groups and put the or ganization on a perfectly solid basis in a small way before attempting to expand. This means that every mem ber will be provided a living wage and no new members will be taken in un less justified by an increase in busjness. It also means that only strictly busi ness methods are to be employed irç conducting the concern. The founders expressed a desire to affiliate with the Llano Colony, as well as with other co-operative groups that are now in operation; and it is to be hoped that such an arrangement will be made. The benefit to be de rived from co-operation among co-op erative groups can hardly be estimated, both for the members themselves and for the co-operative movement as a whole. Such efforts as this being made by these Los Angeles people should be given the whole-hearted support of all co-operators and encouragement given to workers in other cities to follow this example. It is by this means, and by this means alone, that the Co-opera tive Commonwealth will be born. aroused distrust against America in all the world. High public officials are not greatly designated as "dema gogues"? / Job Harriman Champions Productive Co-operation It is always a pleasure to greet those who are interested in the co-op erative movement, whether they are in terested only in co-operative stores, or whether their vision extends to that state of society for which so many of us hope. Those who have had any consider able experience in the, movement know that long years of propaganda, as well as industrial development, will yet be necessary before the final goal is reached. Strange as it may appear, the move ment has developed many men of great learning, of extended experience, ot eound judgment, along with others who are limited by their fixed ideas, their positive theories, their uncharitable at titude, their suspicion, and their abso lute certainty that all who do not agree with them are dishonest and unworthy —even though they have spent their lives in the movement. Whether this latter class can be help ed to see that their attitude of mind is an obstacle both to themselves and to the movement, is a question. How ever, it is to them that we owe our greatest service. It is they who need to be helped. For, if they can be led to see the error in their mode of thought, and if their minds can be al ligned with constructive instead of de structive forces, then the movement will have gained in power and harmony, and we shall have reaped a harvest of joy that cannot be had without such effort. In this spirit, we shall attempt to point out the error made by Mr. Warbasse in his criticism of the Col ony. He says: They (the Colony) attempt to set aside the simple principles of social economics. Whether we like it or not, these principles cannot be defied; they are inexorable. "The people in such a colony either produce more or less than they con sume. If they produce less than they consume, they will fail financially. If they produce more than they consume, they will sell their surplus product to the world of consumers for profit. The more profit they can make by exploita tion of the consumers, the greater is their success. But such success is cap italistic success. If they once get a taste of it, the inevitable result is that they make their group restricted and circumscribed. The fewer Actual mem bers, the greater the profit. "The ideal situation, in which th colonies produce all they use and need, and no more, is impossible in the pre sent capitalistic society. To reach that point, they have to pass through the gateway of capitalist success; and that gate leads to co-operative destruction. "* * * The Colony will continue to live so long as people keep on putting in their $1,000 apiece. When this in flow stops, then the bubble will burst. We only beg the victims not to exclaim 'another co-operative failure ! ' " "* * * The important thing to make clear is that such schemes as this col ony are not a part of the co-operative movement. The co-operative movement, to which Mr. Warbasse refers, is doubtless some system of co-operative mercantile es tablishment, such as he started in the Central States after the Llano Colony was started; which mercantile estab lishments, with his guidance and assist ance, have already failed. Before ac cepting his conclusions as above quot ed, it will be well for us to scrutinize them ; for there may be an error in his reasoning—as there evidently was er ror somewhere in his co-opelrative stores. Referring to the second paragraph above quoted, he says: If they (The Colony) produce more Jthan they consume, they will sell their .surplus products to the world of con sumers for profit. The more profit they can make by exploitation of the consumers, the greater is their success But such success is capitalistic success. If they once get a taste of it, the IN EVITABLE result is, that they make the group restricted and circumscrib ed. The fewer actual members the greater the profit." But he says: "Cap italist success leads to co-operative de struction." May we ask Mr. Warbasse if HE got a taste of capitalist success in his co operative stores that failed? If so, did that taste "inevitably" lead him to "cir cumscribe" and "restrict" his "group," because "the fewer the members, the greater the profit"? And was this cap italist success the cause of the "destruc tion" of his "co-operative" stores? If so, to whom did the money go that arose out of this success? Cannot you, Mr. Warbasse, now see the fallacy of your own reasoning If not, you should be called upon for an accounting. Again, such co-operative stores as Mr. Warbasse endorses buy and sell for profit Profit is their principal source of subsistence. If a co-opera« tive store cannot buy and sell for pro fit without "capitalist success," and hence, "co-operative destruction," then ■why does he advocate such stores? But, if a co-operative store can thrive by buying and selling for pro fit, why cannot a co-operative colony thrive by selling its products for pro fits? He says the reason is that a col ony will circumscribe and restrict its membership in, order that they may gain more profits. If this is, true, why will not a store restrict its membership so that those with their fingers in the pro fit pie will gain the greater profit? This tendency to "restrict and cir cumscribe" in a mercantile establish mene is greater than in a colony; be cause a store buys and sells, and on ly a few are required to conduct such transactions; while, as Mr. Warbasse says, the colony "will sell its surplus product for profit." But many are re quired to produce before there can be much surplus product. Hence, a col ony cannot restrict its membership and succeed; while a store may. Mr. War basse has evidently had his experience in a store and not in a colony. Now, we all know, Mr. Warbasse in cluded. that it is the intention and spir it, both of co-operative colonies and co-operative stores, to use whatever surplus may arise, whether out of direct production or profits through buying or selling, in extending the co-operative benefits to as many as the surplus will warrant. All of us must admit that the struggle is hard; and, for that reason, many failures have resulted. Mr. Warbasse is mistaken when he says that "when the flow of money (from new members) stops, the bub ble will burst"; for he says that "if they produce more than they consume they will sell for a profit." If this lat ter is true, how could the "bubble burst," "when the flow of money (from new members) stops"? Can he not now see the fallacy of his reasoning? Cannot he see that the profits that arise out of selling colony products must go to the producer? Can he not see that there would be no pro ducts to sell, if there were no colonists to produce them? Cannot he see that the volume of products is measured by the number of colonists, and to "cir cumscribe" or "restrict" or diminish the number of colonists would diminish the profits while the reverse is true of the co-operative stores which he advo cates ? It may be that Mr. Warbasse's exper ience has taught him that "a taste" of capitalist success leads to "co-operative destruction"; but he must admit that he got his experience in a mercantile es tablishment, and not in a colony. We deeply regret the necessity of sO arranging, the statements of Mr. War-, basse as to make his errors so glaring ly apparent; but necessity demands this extremity. The position of a phys. ician whose duty compels him to per form a major operation, has been thrust upon us by Mr. Warbasse himself. We hope we have cut deeply enough to eliminate the error; and that the wound will quickly heal, leaving him with a point of view in harmony with all phas es of the world co-operative movement, in which so many of us are so deeply interested. Whosoever comes into a co-opera tive colony must learn to control him self. Co-operation is not a matter of outside regulation and restriction: it must' proceed from inward conviction and determination. The spirit of mu tual helpfulness will find a way, no matter where co-operators may be lo cated. All over the world co-opera tive groups will spring into life and arrange for mutual aid among its de* votees. It will not be a matter of lip service, but of heart . wftiMii ft w '" a change from dishonest selfish nes , s , to . altruistic practical fellowship and helpfulness. "The Kingdom of Heaven" or the co-operative common wealth is within men, jusjt as the steam engine, the electric motor, the radio, and all other wonderful discoveries and innovations were within men. And co operation—productive and distributive —has to be put in practice by all who are sufficiently advanced to engage in it. The co-operative commonwealth of the world will become a fact just as rapidly as people become co-operators and engage in co-operation. The way to co-operate is to engage in it and practice it. Fundamental truths never come to the trifler.,/ Nature demands for her great things corresponding effort. She pays the pessimist in fear and discour agement, the dishonest man dishonest goods or mental unrest, the liar false views of life, or, if not just that, the result on the whole is a dubious, mis erable existence, no matter how large the riches one may accumulate. It is the continuous, patient daily application and experimental verifica tion that gives to the student an ever extending vista that fills in blank spaces, drives out the fog, and unifies knowledge. THE WAY OUT By C. W. Corbin We are in—in so far that the best preacher, the noblest politiciar ablest statesman, the richest employer, the most rabid employee, would wei a decent, honorable, sensible, non-compromising way out. For years and years, competition, in dividualism, profit-taking and selfish ness have been at the industrial helm— and here we are: labor and capita! at war; strikes on railroads and in mines; nobody happy; no one pleased; wealth concentrating into the hands of a few —all giving as little and trying to get as much as possible. Competition and profit-taking seems to have solved the problem of produc tion of wealth; but by what principle shall wealth be distributed? When does profit-taking cease and profiteer ing begin? How far is competition Christian? Who shall decide when la bor is justly compensated? What pow er shall dictate to capital when it has enough? Adam Smith, in his "Wealth of Na tions," assumes that competition equal izes prices and prevents continued ex tortion. Business has discovered that competition destroys profit, hence com bination replaces competition. A part nership becomes a company, a com pany grows into a combination, a com bination becomes a trust. A trust has no competition, hence profits become extortion. How does it happen that the few are always living at the expense of the many? By what alchemy is the wealth of the world transmitted to the pockets of the few? Glancing along the path of the world's history, we notice at first the few enslaved, the many actually mak ing slaves of their fellow men, white and black. In Greece were four helots to one freeman. After printing was invented and slavery became unfash ionable, after steam and electric power became subservient, wages and the taking of interest did quite as well as slavery, for turning the stream of wealth into the pockets of the few. Cunning and greed are better at sur mounting obstacles than are simplicity and generosity. Cunning gathered to itself machinery and the increased pro duction of the same (though seemingly paid for in wages) relieves labor not' one iota of its burden. Cupidity, cun ning, sharpness, and brains have in their control machinery and natural re sources; they have made the laws; they own the courts that interpret the laws; they control the executives that enforce the laws; they own the papers that educate the people in the line of politics,. What chance has the Gol den Rule, altruism, generosity, the love of your fellowmen, in this method of production and distribution of wealth? We are in—in bad. Behold a profit taking, interest-exacting, rent-absorbing world, with the few growing richer, while the many are relatively poorer! What shall we do ? What is being done about it? Is there a remedy? The world has experimented consid erably on finding a way out. In fact, along about the year 40 A. D., one at tempt was called "The Way," or "That Way." This occurred after the death of the greatest expounder of truth that ever lived. People, as many as 5000 in one day, joined this "way" out. For 200 years, this "way" kept bucking against the profiteers, attempting to put the Golden Rule into everyday practice, but selfishness on the inside and pres ure on the outside finally won and The Way," narrow and straight, with few traveling it, was blotted out or overgrown by a competitive, profit-tak ing system and true Christianity dis appeared. From time to time, mankind has tried little experiments, tried to get back to some system of co-operation that would do away with poverty and crime. So often have these attempts failed that people assert that co-operation in pro duction and distribution of wealth is impossible; that human nature is not built that way; that communism always has failed ahd always will. There is no use trying to be entirely altruistic. The church, school and state, and home a- lined up in favor of and along with the public press, and are teaching by precept and example selfish individual ism against co-operation. True, the church, in a theoretical way, teaches that we should love our neighbors as ourselves, should obey the Golden Rule, should look after our brother's welfare and not our own, should do good to them who despitefully use us, should forgive debts, etc.; but, as soon as a colony, where these things can be car ried out, t is started, then opprobious words, "communist," socialist," are hurled at you, and the press has so taught the people that to study, read, and attempt to do some other way in politics and industry is almost treason —is disloyalty to our Country, to our constitution.our laws. We know of a gentle community, a company of_ folks who have thought and repudiated until they have an ex purgated form of society where all that U vicious i» eliminated, not toler ated, and that wheh makes for real happiness and inspires generosity and all the one indiv Th the tramps, no agents. community is succeeds in community. vy or jealousy; spells success for all. machinery here has no enemies. most respected is not the one Î the greatest number of dollars, 1 one who can do the most for munity in general. Does anyone i power? Let him show proficiency efficiency. This community places emphasis < the Golden Rule, not on the gold. It honors the one who works does not lpck. It allows reasonable discussion and welcomes constructive suggestions. It educates for citizenship, not for making money-grabbers and gambli One half of the time for education devoted to the development that produces; the other half is theoretical study, adjusted as far as possible to the working-half time. The physical and mental arc taken care of. The physical, by work and games, and the mental, by school and classes outside of school. The whole community is" "in on" the amusement side of life. All participate—all ap preciate. The social side is as broad as the amusement side, and ig not left to hap hazard individualistic methods. What a few like to do, all are given an op portunity to do. AH bend their ener gies that happiness may abound for all. This may sound preposterous—im possible—idealistic—too good to be true ; but the Llano Colonist asserts and reiterates it is so. If so, it is "one way out." RICE FOR SALE Llano will have several tons of new season's rice to sell, or trade. ROUGH RICE CLEAN RICE POLISHED RICE UNPOLISHED RICE 5c a ib. Write for prices and tell us what you want. Commissary Dept. Llano Co-operative Colony Leesville, La. Erie Labor Press 17 West 16th Street, Erie, Pa. A weekly newspaper devoted exclusively to the utereit» of the working claat. Member "e Federated Pre». New. Service. Official organ Central Labor Union and Socialitt Party m Erie County, Penn«. Live, »nappy, breezy. Sample Copy free on request. One Year, $1.50. Ig?! ..Subscription—10 week», 25c. The Er et Stock-Raising Colony OF ERET, STATE LINE, MISS. IS A CO-OPERATIVE ORGANIZATION Preparing for Agriculture, Horticul ture, Manufacturing, Stock-Raising, Merchandising, operation of restaur ants, hotels, libraries and places of • amusement. And on Loans of $1.00 or more, we will pay 8 per cènt per annum. Interest payable semi-annu ally. Object: For securing live-stock and machinery for the employment of Labor. All transactions between mem mm conducted by the Labor Exchange Check system. 235p EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY— EARTH—The Abolition of Privilege through Worker»' Money.. No other paper goes Ho jhoraughly ici 0 subject «* 5 does Say» the »ecretary of The Llar.o PkihKr*. «M.» We like you/pap« very r' l"»nly in sympathy with it» wi»h there were more Eke it." M*«-* $1.00 a year; autnde die United States. THE EQUrriST Watts, Los Angeles Co. Calif.