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Not Why Be a Member of the Llano Dollar-Up Club? "LITTLE STROKES fell great oaks," said Franklin, so little dollar bills will buj' great mills to make clothes, preserve food and construct shelter for those who are moulding a CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH. It is not our ideal that we should ask for cash to help build a true home. We had much rather not call upon the outside world for financial aid, and the time is coming when we shall live entirely, off our own resources. But, as the early colonists of America were forced to buy from the mother country until they became strong enough to .support themselves, so we must depend upon the old system that encircles us for that which we are not yet strong enough to produce. We need cash to pay for a larger tract of land. We need more machin ery, fertilizer, fencing, tools, clothes, flour for the bakery and paper for the printery, all of which we can not produce. Conditions are the same here as in all other localities. All we have to sell is worth scarcely anything, and all we have to buy is sky-high. Neverthe less, there are something over three hundred conscientious members here for the purpose of making a comfortable living and the past three years have wit nessed a successful and rapid progress. We are but pioneers. You who have endured the hardships of living three to seven years on a government claim in order to own 160 acres of raw land know the sacrifices that must be borne in order to build a home, in a new country. We are pioneering and building a new home in an old country. We are proving up on a claim, and our time is up when the 20,000 acres are paid for. We shall then be ready to work out our ideal in earnest and prove to the world that a group of honest, constructive people can live the Golden Rule. The sooner the land is paid for, the sooner we can have machinery to convert our own produce into finished products; the sooner we can grow two to three hundred bushels of sweet potatoes per acre, the sooner shall we be ready to build a true home. Thus, if YOU are interested in this great work, it is only YOUR duty that you should help. We therefore ask YOU in the name of CO-OPERATION and FRATER NITY to be a member of the LLANO DOLLAR-UP CLUB and contribute v/hat j ou see fit, that we may the sooner set the world aright. Just a dollar a month will not lessen your purse a great deal, and every penny means time saved on the road to happiness, prosperity and comfort for all. If you believe that all men were born free and equal, that the natural resources are for the whole instead of the few, that wealth breeds injustice and strife, then you can not help being a— Dollar-Up Peer Especially if you intend to make Newllano your future home. Every dol lar then means bricks in your own foundation of the future civilization, be cause the past civilization is rapidly vanishing and a new civilization, based upon co-operation only, is dawning in the eastern sky. Do your duty and help make your dream come true, by joining the DOL LAR-UP CLUB. LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY Newllano, via Leesville, La. A Harmonious Attitude for Co-operative Colonists The only way to prevent friction or antagonism in association, either politi cal, economic or in the family circle, is for eac)* one "to mind his own busi es." With the ideas prevailing at this time, the curse of associated life is the desire of each person to control the conduct of others according to his own wishes, or to assert himself outside the limits of his own department. This as sertion, although it may not be express ed by words or actions, is felt neverthe less and arouses a positive current of magnetism, which generates action or latent antagonism. We cannot be expected to approve of that which we dislike, or to be sym pathetic with conduct which brings us unpleasant results; but we can school ourselves to INDIFFERENCE, which is nothing, more nor less than a non conductive magnetic state in which we neither receive impressions nor give out any of our own. To live happily in associated life, we must cultivate sympathy—magnetic ex change—whenever we find that we can give or receive from others, and we must cultivate indifference—a non conductive magnetic attitude—whenev er we find a tendency to antagonism, or otherwise the result will be repul sion. Each one must learn to assert him self in his own department, whatever that may be, and learn to let others do the same, and that cannot be done without cultivating indifference. It may sound harsh and heartless; but it is a fact that too much attention to the con duct, of those with whom we live (let it be husband, wife, child or fellow-co operator) leads us to make efforts to control their lives in a manner that they will resent, if they have any mind and will force of their own; and this is one of the most fruitful causes of quarrels and dissensions. It may seem 4 paradox, but it is nevertheless a fact that by learning "to mind our own business," by cultivating indifference to the actions of others when those actions are displeasing to us, and by cultivating sympathy at oth er times, we shall lay the best founda tion for attraction and suffer the least from that unpleasant feeling called re pulsion, antagonism, or opposition. The Llano Co-operative Colony 5s not a Rochdale Co-operative. It is en gaged in productive co-operation. Na. ture does not pay the members of this colony with money, but with the clear ed acres, the growing crops, every de scription of improvements made, and the services that the members enjoy every day at each other's hands. These assets are always in tangible evidence before the* co-operator's eyes ,and are the sources of his daily supply and comfort. The activities carried on in the different departments require of each worker the necessary knowledge that his work calls for. The different lines of work are of direct, constructive usefulness, and there is nothing the oretical about it. It is not a matter of opinion or arbitrary caprice or wilful ness, but of definite knowledge. It is voluntary co-operation »at work. The work must be concerted and co-ordin ated, because circumstances and con ditions require it for successful op eration. There is no political rulership about it. If certain results are wanted the nature-appointed way must be en tered upon to secure the results. It is not a matter of personal bias or a sub jective viewpoint, but of scientific knowledge and practice. Instead of opening the mind to a review of surrounding phenomena and seeing the things of life in their real natural relatonship to each other, most people assume a speculative theory, system or creed, concerning them, to which they think all things and people must eventually conform, not realizing that in the process of theory making all the theories are merely stepping stones to other theories. Why not refer every case to nature's own infinitely correlated net-work of law No premices should be based up on the theory of a thing butupon the thing itself with due regard to its har monious relationship to all other things. The mind should give careful attention to the things of life as they really are, and seccure an understanding of how to use them for mankind, s benefit. All accurate, demonstrable know ledge has come through objective stu dy—investigation, discovery and dem onstration. There is but one perman ent objective criterion, the definite as certainment of all investigation, experi mentation, the sum of all knowledge. And this valid objective criterion should be adopted as the only valid one for decisions in all human affairs. When such a common undeviating ba sis of judgment is adopted the unity of thought and action will be at hand. The process of integration that co operative colonization involves can on ly proceed in definite proportion to each person's conduct to agree with nature's constructive principle. There are two processes, running thru all na ture and manifesting themselves every where as directly and unmistakably opposite in their effects. . One leads to integration, growth, acretion; while the other results in disintegration, dis solution and destruction. Each per son, by his attitude: disposition and con duct places himself in line with either one or the other process. Individual cj^aracter is the only chan nel for all social improvement New llano will always be what the collective work of the colonists make it. Nature, rewards every community in definite proporton to the intelligent labor ap plied. A new community is not built up over night, but, given time, a co operative community in which all work together for mutual benefit can make a greater demonstration of general well-being in a shorter period of time, than. can a similar number of people who are working on the principle of personal selfishness without regard to the others welfare, and which ultimate ly will destroy itself. Every abuse has within itself seeds reliable knowledge alone can guard against abuses. When knowledge is the rule of action, mistakes will be avoided and barring accidents, results of con structive action will be a definite cer tainty. The colonists' at Newllano can have whatever they want, provided they will do the necessary work that will accomplish the end aimed at. In telligent constructive labor unlocks the treasure trove of nature to evéry one who makes use of this key "and has no rent, interest or profit to pay. All the neoighboring people of the colony are invited to co-operate with the colony members on the basis of a fair and equitable exchange of labor and products, such as the colony on one hand can supply and on the other hand use of such things as the neigh bors can provide them with. Its all a matter of present possibilities. The Colony is in favor of the utmost ex pansion of co-operation with the whole world as rapidly as it can be develop ed. THE FUTURE OF RICE Since the world has awakened to the value of hulled rice, or the grain in its natural state, called brown rice, and its nutritive value has been recognized, rice culture has taken an upward turn. For centuries the Chinese and Japan ese have utilized rice and its products, from thatching their houses with straw to making footwear of it, making pa per of it, and eating the grain, as well as manufacturing rice wine, which, de licious in taste, requires only about a thimbleful to intoxicate the ordinary individual. Now America has discov ered that it can make paper from rice straw instead of devastating our for ests. It already makes not only rice milk, but numberless other products for dairy use. The rice Journal, Beaumont, Texas, says anent the»use of rice—"It is only necessary to educate people to cook rice properly"—(which few in the North do)-r—"and make the gravies that are so famous in the South, and that are being taught the housewife of the present, as well as the housewife of the future." Because brown rice is far more pal atable, as well as nourishing, efforts are being made to place such rice on the market at prices the masses can reach instead of, as heretofore, at fancy prices, as if it were a rare and choice gem. A process has now been employ ed whereby such rice will keep and be insured from becoming rancid or in fested by weevils, without imparing the value of the grain. We take from The Rice Journal the following table, which will prove of in terest: Milled Rice (or Rice as Sold h the World 's Markets To-day). Water 12.45% Ash 0.39 Protein 5.27 Starch, Sugar, etc. 80.27 Crude, fiber 0.24 Fats 0.79 Total 9932 Rice in the Brows Water 12.13% Ash (mineral matter) 1.46 Protein 6.50 Starch, Sugar, etc. 76.09 Crude fiber 0.61 Fats 2.43 - 99.22 Total 99.22 Oh, You Mother-in-Law ! As Mr. Caveman was gnawing a bone one morning in his cave, Mrs. Caveman rushed in and said, "Quick, Get your club, oh, quick " "What's the matter?" growled Mr. Caveman. "Saber-toothed tiger chaseing moth er," gasped his wife. Mr. Caveman uttered an expression of annoyance. "And what the deuce," he asked, "do I care what happens to saber toothed tiger?" A POT POURRI AT THE AGRICULTURE MEETING At the Friday night, October 5, meeting the different groups, organiz ed for horticultural, garden and farm specialties made interesting reports, in dicating earnestness and preliminary work done. Comrade Darth reported from the grape club that arrangements have already been made for energetic pushing of their chosen field of endeav or. Last Sunday a volunteer crew of nine men and three teams watered the strawberry plant patch by hauling wat er, and a good heavy shower since then has placed them beyond all possibility of suffering from drought. Comrade Howard Buck is determined to have a large tank provided that when needed will water the strawberry acres and will also be available for lettuce, celery and other garden truck requiring plenty of water. A blueberry patch will be plant ed inNovember, an ideal spot for their culture having been located. These blueberries grow in the hill regions of St. Domingo and are thoroughly ac climated to this section of the South. Comrade Tackett reported that an ex cellent tea can be made from the leaves of the Kudzu plant and showed a citron melon, grown on the colony land, that, grows to a large size, serves as the basis for all kinds of preserves, can be flavored to imitate almost every fruit grown under the sun, and can be stor ed the entire winter without deteriora ting. Comrade Baldwin reported for the forage club. He has examined a num ber of hay fields in the parish, and is well pleased with the prospects for a large forage supply for the colony's domestic animals. Writing in the Atascadero News some years ago, E. G. Lewis said: "Success ful growing of things is a very scien tific business, and were the same atten tion and order of intelligent business organization applied to it that is giv en to the business of manufacturing munitions of war, with the same foster ing care from the government, it would respond a thousand-fold. Any able, intelligent man, who will develop rea sonable time and effort to learning the scientific business of growing things, can make more honest profit at it than he could in almost any other conceiv able business, and if the federal and state government would contribute one tenth the subsidy and other assistance to the building of good roads and es tablishing public systems of marketing food products that they devote to pork barrel harbors, fifty-thousand govern ernment buildings in one-thousand dol lar towns and a few other little items of state and national plunder, this na tion could 'feed the world with its left hand, and fight it with its right. The United States is the only civiliz ed country that has not adopted mod ern methods of farm colonization, and provisions for settlers on its land. In stead of helping the farmers in natur ally legitimate productive food supply ing the Federal Reserve Bank deflated farmers to the tune of seven billions. 1 he claim is advanced in some direc tions that plant diseases are caused by reason of fertilizing with filth, animal, bird or human excrement, rotten bones, sewage, rotten anything, reinforced, to be sure, with such chemical matters as nitre, super-phosphates, lime etc,. Primeval rocks supplied to the fields in a pulverized form, it is said, will pro perly feed plants and yield to mankind cereals, tubers and fruits that are heal thy, wholesome vegetable food and life-sustaining; the plants being heal thy will escape disease and parasites; many of the ills of man due to unwhole some food from plants will disappear. Turn stones into bread, make barren regions fruitful, feed hungry, cause healthy cereals and provender to be harvested and thus prevent epidemics among men and diseasees among ani mals; make agriculture profitable, save«^/ large expenditures now being made for fertilizers that are in part injurious and in part useless. Turn the untmployed to country life by revealing the inex haustible nutritive forces which hitherto unrecognized are stored up in the rock, in the air and in the water. Green manuring is one of the oldest methods used to maintain or to in crease the productivity of the soil. New developments that have been made in the practice and in the plants used for the purpose in recent years have caused the U. S. Department of Agriculture to publish Farmers' Bulletin 1250, Green manuring, by C. V. Piper and A. J. Pieters. When a green-manure crop is turned under, the various fertilizing elements that have gone into making of the crop are returned to the soil, and a quantity of organic matter not before in the soil 'l . ec ^'. an d, in addition to improving the physical condition, serves a s food for beneficent -bacteria. One of the most important functions of organic matter in the soil is to keep up the ni trogen supply. The bulletin gives three way s m which this is done: ( 1 ) Growth of nodule bacteria on the roots of leg urn,nous plants; ( 2 ) the making of ni trates by soil bacteria from organic ni trogen m the soil; and (3) growth of bacteria and molds that feed on plant waste m the soil and take nitrogen di rect from the air. These processes may be stimulated by adopting the proper practices and suitable crops.