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THE FEDERATED PRESS RELIABLE NEWS
EXCHANGE VALUE JOCKEYING BY THE GOLD IDOLATORS (By The Federated Press) Prague, Czechoslovakia. — Indus trial paralysis is threatening Czecho Slovakia because the high exchange value of the crown makes it impossible for neighbor states to trade with it. HE DOESN'T SHOW IT (By The Federated Press) Washington. — "Mr. President, I know that you are a just and humane man. These political prisoners occupy a very humble place in our social life, and they have been members of a des pised and reprobated labor organiza tion. . . .Their very weakness and low liness and social obscurity should make a special appeal to all who de sire and have\the power to administer impartial, aye, even unpopular jus tice." In the above language, Dr. John A Ryan, member. National Catholic Wel fare council, terminates a lengthy let ter to President Harding. The letter, dated Oct. 1 7, is partly in response to a letter from the president written Sept. 26, in which Ryan and other ad vocales cf amnesty were urged to have mm» „„j °ii. more patience, and it is partly a pro test against the unfair conditions im posed upon Fletcher, Nef and Walsh in the conditional pardons offered those members of the I. W. W. still in Leavenworth. THE CAUSE OF HIGH PRICED LUMBER (By The Federated Press) Milwaukee.—Complaints have been made by lumberjacks that wages paid in the north have dropped to where a man cannot make a decent living. They claim lumber camp owners are not paying more than 8 cents per 16 foot log. Formerly they paid as high as 20 cents, it is claimed. POLITICAL GRAFT FUNDS (By The Federated Press) Washington.—-When Secretary Fall head of the interior department, threw the Teapot Dome oil reserve to the Sinclair petroleum interests he tapped a gusher which has filled the Repub lican campaign treasury to overflow ing. As recently as six weeks ago the Republican national committee was short of funds. To day its treasurer can write checks with a free hand and ship the big guns of partisan oratory from one point to an other on the electoral battle line. "How come " inquires the friend ly stranger in town who had heard the tale of poverty everywhere among Re publicans in the late summer. And the answer is made: "It's all right now, the oil men have come across." congressional COMPLETE REJECTION OF WAR (By The Federated Press) London.—The Friends' Peace com mittee is issuing on behalf of the So ciety of Friends in England and Amer ica, an appeal to the churches of Christ to take the lead in a great cru sade for a warless world. The appeal says: "We see two roads before us. One leads inevitably to another war by renewed preparedness; the other begins with a complete rejection of A UNIVERSITY ON WHEELS (By The Federated Press) Seattle.—Seattle's labor college has been turned into a university on wheels with the adoption of schedules proposed in Tacoma, Everett and Bre merton, nearby cities, that lecturers at the- local college duplicate courses in the other cities. John C. Kennedy, of the Farmer-Labor party, Dr. Robert Whitaker, radical pastor, and Mark Litchman, of the Workers' party, will be the visiting lecturers. BOLSHEVISM DEFEATS GREEK OFFICERS AND PRIESTS (By The Federated Press) Cyprus. — Fugitives arriving from Smyrna, Asia Minor, declare that the defeat of the Greek army by the Turks is largely due to bolshevist propagan da. Half of the Greek army, they assert, had become converted to com munism, refused to fight in what they considered a capitalistic war launched by Greece for imperialistic ends. These fugitives contend that the troops burst out into one vast volley of cheers for Lenine and Trotsky and threw away their guns and abandoned the artillery. All efforts of the offic ers and of the priests to make the men to their guns were in vain. A MIGHTY HOT PROPOSITION FOR THE KU KLUX KLAN (By The Federated Press) Milwaukee. — Milwaukee will be come "the hottest place this side of hell for the Ku Klux Klan if any of the klan pounce upon one of our citi zens, whether he be black or white, red or yellow, Jew or Gentile, Catho lic or Protestant." So Mayor Daniel W. Hoan wrote in a letter he sent to C. Lewis Fowler, a member of the faculty of the Klan's Lanier university, Atlanta, Ga., in re ply to a letter protesting that the or ganization has been misrepresented and offering to aid the mayor in the maintenance of law and order in Mil waukee. NOT FOR SALE (By The Federated Press) Seattle. — Higher-ups behind the scenes of the Democratic party's cam paign made a final desperate attempt recently to buy off James A. Duncan, Farmer-Labor candidate for U. S. senator, and eliminate him from the |T■ f ^"7 USe ° ?' and informd the Democratic emissary that the offer had demonstrated as no thing else could the power that liçs within the ranks of the Farmer-Labor party. The Farmer-Labor man was offered any political position he might wish and was authoratively informed that this bribe was decided upon at a secret caucus of Democratic chiefs where it was agreed that C. C. Dill, Democratic nominee, would have a chance to beat Miles Poindexter, re actionary Republican, if Duncan were bought off. No fusion with the Democratic for ces y ill be considered by the Farmer Labor party in this state. Democratic agents have been forwarding schemes of coalition by splitting the tickets in various counties. "It wouldn't be fusion at all, but confusion," declared State Secretary, John C. Kennedy in opposing the suggestions. UP AGAINST A ROW OF STUMPS (By The Federated Press) Washington. — The department of justice is manifestly pleased with its new formula for handling the political . prisoners—a formula which reveals ( at one s t ro ke the desire of the admin istration to save, its own face and to rid itself if possible of an embarassing problem. "There will be no public sympathy," officials say, "for men who intend to break the law, and if they don't intend to break the law they will agree to this form of re lease." The new form permits the government to yank the man back to prison without trial if it charges law breaking. THE DEVIOUS WAYS OF MALICIOUS PERSECUTION (By The Federated Preis) New York.—Efforts to discover by what authority the department of jus tice directed federal agents to conduct the raid and prepare evidence against the Communists seized at Bridgeman, Mich., in August and now held for trial under the state criminal syndic alism act, have been Unsuccessful, the American Civil Liberties union an nounces, after correspondence with the attorney general. The organization protested to the attorney general against the depart ment's participation when there is no federal statute authorizing them to make arrests under state laws, and when the appropriations granted to the department cover only the en forcement of federal laws. The union is preparing to raise the issue of the participation of the depart ment of justice in this raid at the hearings in congress in December, which will be held on the impeachment resolution brought against the attor ney general. WHY NOT OPERATE ROADS IN UNITED STATES IN GENERAL (By The Federated Press} Washington.—The Alaska govern ment railroad will be in shape to run cars direct from the wharves at Sew ard into Fairbanks, a distance of 467 miles—nearly equal to that from Washington to Boston—according to Associate Forester E. A. Sherman, just returned. The people of southern Al aska are pleased with the efforts of the forest service and the bureau of pub lic roads, Sherman states, because of the roads built and the establishment of a pulp and paper industry in the territory. THE SINISTER MACHINATIONS OF RUTHLESS PROFITEERS (By The Federated Press) Berlin, Germany.—There is a per sistent rumor m Berlin to the effect that the recent colossal drop in the , , . ■ , r • , . mark, by which for a time one could buy 2600 marks for the dollar, while its former worst position had been 800, was engineered by big business for no other purpose than "to show labor its place." The theory is advanced that, by dropping the mark so low, the manu facturers, dealers in the necessaries or life, and business men in general could fix their prices at three to four times their former height; that this would affect labor so directly and immediate ly that workers, out of fear of losing their jobs and thereby being deprived even of their starvation wages, would the more readily accept the dictates of the bosses; and that then, after the mark had been allowed to climb again, these prices would still be maintained. The rumcr at first seemed absurd ■ Yet things are happening daily which would seem to bear out the theory, j For one thing, the mark has risen j dollar it ' In other again. From 2600 to the rose to only 1250 or 1300. words, the mark, measured in foreign exchange, is worth double what it was during the closing days of August. But the cost of the necessities of life has not dropped accordingly. On the con trary, prices today reflect the panic of the 2600-to-the dollar days. [ CO-OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT SHOWS BIG SUCCESS (By The Federated Press) Champaign, III.—Co-operative man agement has put the Twin City Re view, the local labor weekly, on its feet. The Twin City Co-operative Press reports a surplus of $848.26 on its capital stock of 3943.50, after eight months of operations. Started shortly after the inauguration of the 44-hour strike in that city, the press provided a place for the printers of the Twin City Review, the local labor paper. Du ring the eight months of its operation the balance sheets of the co-operative press show an increase in value of the stock from $5 to $6.25 a share. FINANCIAL PIRACY RUNNING AMUCK (By The Federated Press) Washington.— Nominal evacuation of Santo Domingo by the armed forces of the United States, and the return of its government to its own people, was celebrated October 21. This alleged native government which will supplant the illegal Ameri can occupation of the past seven years will be headed by Juan Batista Vicini Burgos. The proclamation issued by Rear Admiral Robison states that the provisional native regime shall be em powered "to provide reorganization of provincial and municipal governments, to enable the Dominican people to amend their constitution as they may deem appropriate, to hold general el ections without the intervention cf mil itary government, and henceforth to be alone responsible for its acts. A reference is made in the procla mation to "such further powers and duties as are specified in the plan ot evacuation." These unspecified duties are dictated by Washington. ihe whole matter has been closely veiled by the American censorship. SUPERIORITY OF TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE OVER POLITICAL of (By The Federated Press) New York—If the water power the state of New York were properly utilized, 500 steam locomotives now in daily use would not be needed, and the 15,500 coal cars now hauled to New York could be used for other needed purposes, says Dr. Charte« r. Steinmetz, electrical wizard and Am erican Labor party candidate for state engineer. There are in this state, he declares, 5,500,000 horse powers un used in the water power possibilities of the state's water course?. _ 'If the wasted water power, he says "were turned into electric power it would enable us to scrap every steam locomotive in the state and run all the industries, electric light and power sta tions and all the railways, without smoke, soot or cinders, which now poison the air of industrial towns. p We could save $140 ,000.000 ev ery year and cheapen electric light and power and make it available for all classes.',' Without knowledge there can be neither true morality nor piety.—Tal mud. FINANCIAL IRREGULARITIES ARE CHARGED ! (By The Federated Press) . Milwaukee. — Charges of financial irregularities, which trail the Ku Klux iru* a U,t .u t i Ma " about the country, were made • . .... . ® §a 6 MlIwaukee klan when the " mer ' can Unity league made it ap pearance in Milwaukee with the arriv al of G. K. Rutledge, secretary R ut i edge issued a K!eagle W M Wiesemanilj to , , AAA . . . . ? P VV e / e $20»000 initiation fees, tak f" r ? m ' e , s a " e S e d 2000 mem , erS e S e ' î?® s S one - Rutledge de clares that out of every $10 initia tl0n , , ® s ° one into the kleagle's while the other $6 has found a re P° sl '°''y in the jeans of Imperial tl Edward Young Clark, Atlanta. . , , extra $6.50 required by the ,. an ° r e nightgown and pillow-' S w "'£* 1 constitute the robes also i8 oe ® to the higher ups of the secret or 8 anl zation, Rutledge charged. He as sertec ' 'eaders controlled a fac tor J ln wnich the nighties are made an „P oc k e,: ^e profits. e *lan ' s purely a commercial ,organization '" Rutledge went on. 'At the head of the order are a little group of crooks and money makers. I was" intimately acquainted with Clark, the imnerial wizard," and know him for nothing good." THE WITCHES BREW OF EUROPEAN DIPLOMACY (By The Federated Press) Washington.—Great Britain fears F ranee. Lloyd George tried by dip lomacy and the threat of force at Con stantinople to check the power of France. He failed and he has been thrown out of office by his imperialist ic backers at home. British labor detested Lloyd George and would have turned him out of of fice by its own strength and for ex cellent reasons in the course of time. But his going at this time is the work of the imperialists alone. In his place they have set up for the time being, at least, Andrew Bonar Law, a notor ious foe of France and author of the letter made public a fortnight ago in which the French were warned to be ware cf British vengeance. The French reply to that threat came quickly enough, and was known to the world 48 hours before Lloyd George fell in London. The newspa per Le Temps, organ of the French Imperialists, reversed its editorial pol icy cf two weeks earlier and said that an alliance between France and Rus sia must be arranged as a balance against England and a restored Ger many. Great Britain emerged from the Turk crisis groggy and reeling under the blows of French diplomacy. Her Greek army had been destroyed, her oil wells in Mesopotamia imperilled, and her hold on- Constantinople brok en. France had brought the Turk back into Europe and was backing the demand of Russia for a seat in the coming peace conference. That is not all. France had an en voy at Moscow all this time, in the pei son of Edouard Herriot, mayor of Lyons. On the day Herriot left Mos cow to return home the Russian gov ernment revoked the great concession it had arranged to give the British Urquhart firm for the exploitation of a fabulously rich region in the Urals. Moscow did not conceal its motives, but said that the political hostility ot the British made it unyise to grant the concession. , This long list of defeats brought British fear and resentment to a crit ical point and marked Lloyd George for slaughter. With the French es pousing a Russian delegate to t e peace conference and even hinting at Russian admission to the league et na tions, the British must find new lead ership without delay. With this new alignment of powers in Europe, with its threat of war be tween England and France, the Uni ted States can be expected to give at least moral support to the There are several groups at prejudice in America that John Bull can cap italize to fine advantage. The American Legion is anti-Frenc . So are the German -Americans bo are those Jews who think England restor ed their racial home in Païenne* O course the bankers are solidly tor Great Britain, and their newspapers already at the work blackening e which French blunders and sel Helium " J . A mpvica fishness have earned in - • ~ ,olerate 3 " Va Great Britain cannot tolerate in Europe. For l ° For pre _ one Germany was Gerraany suming to replace or ex a continental pretender, Hance^ makes herself the target of British lightning. France turning to Russie is an act of despair. It is also an act that will further alienate the affection of offic ial Washington. Lenin may be (as he is) the only statesman surving in power since the world war ended, but our state department is not yet ready to take' his proffered hand. VICTIMS OF ALLIED CRIMES New York.—More than 7,300,000 persons in desperate need of help from outside Russia to see them through the coming winter, and 1,000,000 "famine orphans" who must be cared for even longer. Such is the gist of the report on the 1922 Russian famine situation made by Capt. Paxton Hibben, re cently back from Russia, to the Amer ican Committee for Relief of Russian Children. The causes for this year's after math of the great famine, according to the report of the Russian Commission of the Near East Relief, operated in 1921, and it may be said that they are certain to be the reasons of another crop shortage in Russia next year un less the economic reasons that have produced these results are remedied. j These economic reasons are: *" r J for (1) Shortage of seed grain both spring and fall planting. "(2) Lack of draft animals and agricultural machinery to till the soil." Hibben's report calls for continued and even larger support of the work of the American Committee for Relief of Russian Children, the headquarters of which is at 110 W. 40th st., New York City. In respect to the work of this com mittee it may be mentioned that no "overhead" whatever is charged against contributions in the distribu tion of supplies in Russia. The fate of the child victims of the famine, he declares, is by far the most depressing element in the whole situ ation. He appends to his report a photograph of a woman who was con victed of cannibalism. Her husband had died, and she used his flesh to feed her children. IRREGULARITY OF THE AMERICAN COURTS (By The Federated Press) (By Paul Hanna) Washington.—Secreatry of War Weeks must appear in court November 9, and show cause why Antoni Kara chun should not be freed from the 20 year sentence he is now serving for desertion from the American army. Karachun is a citizen of Russia, and he was seized by the American forces on Russian soil, although the United States has never declared a state of war against Russia. To hold Kara chun legally Secretary Weeks must persuade the supreme court of the District of Columbia that Uncle Sam has a right to invade a friendly coun try, seize its citizens and bring them back for imprisonment in America. Weeks must prove still more to the court. Karachun came to the United States before the war. During the war he enlisted in the American army to fight, as he supposed, against Ger many. Instead of going to Europe for that purpose, Karachun was sent with the American expedition which invad ed Siberia, and there ordered to fight against his own countrymen. This test of the government's right to violate all laws in time of war is be gun simultaneously with the recovery of all Siberia by the Russian revolu tionary armies which this country and the allied powers aimed to frustrate by invading it as "friends of the Rus sian people." ! ALLEGED BROAD DAYLIGHT ROBBERY OF COAL PRICES (By The Federated Press) Belleville, 111.—A case of alleged broad daylight robbery is being tried . ° 1 p. ■ ir in • in circuit court here. Ldwin r. Mem, treasurer of the St. Claire Coal & Mining Co., is charged jointly with his father, Frederick W. Klein, president of the company, and M. B. Rosenheim former weight clerk for the city water department, with obtaining money un der false pretenses in conspiring to fal sify weights of carload lots of coal de livered at the water plant. The case on trial, which is based on several indictments, involves the alleg ed overweighing of cars during the period from December 24, 1918, to January 10, 1919, by which it is alleg ed, the city was charged for 292,000 J — ' pounds of coal which was iiot receiv ed. Under these indictment it is said the city was defrauded of $9000. Ros enheim has been convicted and <="«-» «'« — — re tenced to two years in the penitentiary ^ charges AIRPLANE PASSENGER SERVICE (By The Federated Press) Washington.—An airplane passen ger service between Danzig, Warsaw,, and Lemberg has been inaugurated ac cording to a report received by the de partment of commerce from Vice Con sul Bowman at Danzig. The techni cal organizations as well as the Dan zig agency will be in charge of the Danziger air mail, and the planes to be used are of the Junker type, which, have been operated heretofore in the service of the air mail. POLITICAL ROTTENNESS John W. Weeks said sometime ago, in a speech at Cleveland, Ohio, "The legislative branch of our government probably never has been at a lower ebb than it is today." Julius Kahn, chairman of the mili tary affairs committee of the lower house of congress, said in a speech at New York, "I have never known the time when the mental make-up of the house of representatives was so low as it is today." Seldom is inside information allow ed to get past the doors. The testi mony of these two prominent old party politicians is invaluable—on the same theory upon which a court witness testimony is considered good when he testifies against his own interest. OPEN SHOPPERS WANT MORE IMMIGRANT ALIENS (By The Federated Press) Washington.—"A growing shortage cf labor" is complained çf by the As sociated Industries of Massachusetts, which on October 18 adopted a resolu tion demanding that congress do some thing to permit more aliens to enter the United States. According to this resolution "necessary production is being seriously hampered by the pres ent immigration law, whose applica tion allowed a net gain of only 110, 844 immigrants during the last fiscal year, "68 percent of whom were class ed as persons of no occupation, mostly women and children. COAL MINERS SHOULD CONTROL COAL MINES v iSy The Federated Press) Sydney, N. S. Wales. — Let those who work the mines control them," is the slogan now gaining weight through Australia. There seems to be a defin ite belief in the minds of the majority of the people of that country that coal mining should be a public utility, in common with other services, and out side the absolute control of a hand ful of wealthy coal operators. A. C. Willis, general secretary, Aus tralasian Coal and Shale Employes federation, which covers all coal and shale workers on the Australian contin ent, holds that the miners, including managers and technical men, are en titled to, and should control the mines. "Control by the miners," says Wil lis, "does not mean that the employes should own the mines for the purpose of exploiting them in their own inter ests only. Control, as we take it, must be taken to mean control by the man agement and the men acting in har mony to achieve the best results tor themselves and the general community under the best conditions the industry can afford with a minimum expendi ture of human energy. , "I do not think control of the mines by the miners would be possible under private ownership—that is, unless a collective contract could be made with the present owners under which the the various t. , , j miners, as a whole, would undertake to ! produce coal into cars at the colliery siding at a price per ton, and the own er would undertake to provide the nc esary capital for the successful work ing of the mine. . . 'Under a poposal of this kind ti»e fixing and adjustment of rates to pay ; various classes of labor would be U1 the hands of the workers. It would also mean that the employers' organi zation would pay to the employes organization one check for the total output. This proposal if given a fair trial, would be infinitely preferable to the present system. "It would practically abolish sec tional strikes because the onus of ad justing local differences would be en tirely in the hands of the employes and if they struck it yould be against them selves. WitK the miners controlling the mines a spirit of co -operation would replace the present spirit of hos tility, with incalculable benefit to the general community.' It is only necessary for a prospective co-operator to read THE COLONIST a few times until he becomes a regular subscriber. We want 100,000.