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The Llano colonist. (Llano, Calif.) 191?-1937, November 04, 1922, Image 2

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(By The Federated Press)
Prague, Czechoslovakia. — Indus
trial paralysis is threatening Czecho
Slovakia because the high exchange
value of the crown makes it impossible
for neighbor states to trade with it.
(By The Federated Press)
Washington. — "Mr. President, I
know that you are a just and humane
man. These political prisoners occupy
a very humble place in our social life,
and they have been members of a des
pised and reprobated labor organiza
tion. . . .Their very weakness and low
liness and social obscurity should
make a special appeal to all who de
sire and have\the power to administer
impartial, aye, even unpopular jus
In the above language, Dr. John A
Ryan, member. National Catholic Wel
fare council, terminates a lengthy let
ter to President Harding. The letter,
dated Oct. 1 7, is partly in response to
a letter from the president written
Sept. 26, in which Ryan and other ad
vocales cf amnesty were urged to have
mm» „„j °ii.
more patience, and it is partly a pro
test against the unfair conditions im
posed upon Fletcher, Nef and Walsh
in the conditional pardons offered
those members of the I. W. W. still
in Leavenworth.
(By The Federated Press)
Milwaukee.—Complaints have been
made by lumberjacks that wages paid
in the north have dropped to where a
man cannot make a decent living.
They claim lumber camp owners are
not paying more than 8 cents per 16
foot log. Formerly they paid as high
as 20 cents, it is claimed.
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—-When Secretary Fall
head of the interior department, threw
the Teapot Dome oil reserve to the
Sinclair petroleum interests he tapped
a gusher which has filled the Repub
lican campaign treasury to overflow
As recently as six weeks ago the
Republican national
committee was short of funds. To
day its treasurer can write checks with
a free hand and ship the big guns of
partisan oratory from one point to an
other on the electoral battle line.
"How come " inquires the friend
ly stranger in town who had heard the
tale of poverty everywhere among Re
publicans in the late summer. And
the answer is made: "It's all right
now, the oil men have come across."
(By The Federated Press)
London.—The Friends' Peace com
mittee is issuing on behalf of the So
ciety of Friends in England and Amer
ica, an appeal to the churches of
Christ to take the lead in a great cru
sade for a warless world. The appeal
says: "We see two roads before us.
One leads inevitably to another war
by renewed preparedness; the other
begins with a complete rejection of
(By The Federated Press)
Seattle.—Seattle's labor college has
been turned into a university on
wheels with the adoption of schedules
proposed in Tacoma, Everett and Bre
merton, nearby cities, that lecturers at
the- local college duplicate courses in
the other cities. John C. Kennedy, of
the Farmer-Labor party, Dr. Robert
Whitaker, radical pastor, and Mark
Litchman, of the Workers' party, will
be the visiting lecturers.
(By The Federated Press)
Cyprus. — Fugitives arriving from
Smyrna, Asia Minor, declare that the
defeat of the Greek army by the Turks
is largely due to bolshevist propagan
da. Half of the Greek army, they
assert, had become converted to com
munism, refused to fight in what they
considered a capitalistic war launched
by Greece for imperialistic ends.
These fugitives contend that the
troops burst out into one vast volley
of cheers for Lenine and Trotsky and
threw away their guns and abandoned
the artillery. All efforts of the offic
ers and of the priests to make the men
to their guns were in vain.
(By The Federated Press)
Milwaukee. — Milwaukee will be
come "the hottest place this side of
hell for the Ku Klux Klan if any of
the klan pounce upon one of our citi
zens, whether he be black or white,
red or yellow, Jew or Gentile, Catho
lic or Protestant."
So Mayor Daniel W. Hoan wrote in
a letter he sent to C. Lewis Fowler, a
member of the faculty of the Klan's
Lanier university, Atlanta, Ga., in re
ply to a letter protesting that the or
ganization has been misrepresented
and offering to aid the mayor in the
maintenance of law and order in Mil
(By The Federated Press)
Seattle. — Higher-ups behind the
scenes of the Democratic party's cam
paign made a final desperate attempt
recently to buy off James A. Duncan,
Farmer-Labor candidate for U. S.
senator, and eliminate him from the
|T■ f ^"7 USe ° ?'
and informd the Democratic
that the offer had demonstrated as no
thing else could the power that liçs
within the ranks of the Farmer-Labor
party. The Farmer-Labor man was
offered any political position he might
wish and was authoratively informed
that this bribe was decided upon at a
secret caucus of Democratic chiefs
where it was agreed that C. C. Dill,
Democratic nominee, would have a
chance to beat Miles Poindexter, re
actionary Republican, if Duncan were
bought off.
No fusion with the Democratic for
ces y ill be considered by the Farmer
Labor party in this state. Democratic
agents have been forwarding schemes
of coalition by splitting the tickets in
various counties.
"It wouldn't be fusion at all, but
confusion," declared State Secretary,
John C. Kennedy in opposing the
(By The Federated Press)
Washington. — The department of
justice is manifestly pleased with its
new formula for handling the political
. prisoners—a formula which reveals
( at one s t ro ke the desire of the admin
istration to save, its own face and to
rid itself if possible of an embarassing
problem. "There will be no public
sympathy," officials say, "for men
who intend to break the law, and if
they don't intend to break the law
they will agree to this form of re
lease." The new form permits the
government to yank the man back to
prison without trial if it charges law
(By The Federated Preis)
New York.—Efforts to discover by
what authority the department of jus
tice directed federal agents to conduct
the raid and prepare evidence against
the Communists seized at Bridgeman,
Mich., in August and now held for
trial under the state criminal syndic
alism act, have been Unsuccessful, the
American Civil Liberties union an
nounces, after correspondence with
the attorney general.
The organization protested to the
attorney general against the depart
ment's participation when there is no
federal statute authorizing them to
make arrests under state laws, and
when the appropriations granted to
the department cover only the en
forcement of federal laws.
The union is preparing to raise the
issue of the participation of the depart
ment of justice in this raid at the
hearings in congress in December,
which will be held on the impeachment
resolution brought against the attor
ney general.
(By The Federated Press}
Washington.—The Alaska govern
ment railroad will be in shape to run
cars direct from the wharves at Sew
ard into Fairbanks, a distance of 467
miles—nearly equal to that from
Washington to Boston—according to
Associate Forester E. A. Sherman, just
returned. The people of southern Al
aska are pleased with the efforts of the
forest service and the bureau of pub
lic roads, Sherman states, because of
the roads built and the establishment
of a pulp and paper industry in the
(By The Federated Press)
Berlin, Germany.—There is a per
sistent rumor m Berlin to the effect
that the recent colossal drop in the
, , . ■ , r • , .
mark, by which for a time one could
buy 2600 marks for the dollar, while
its former worst position had been
800, was engineered by big business
for no other purpose than "to show
labor its place."
The theory is advanced that, by
dropping the mark so low, the manu
facturers, dealers in the necessaries or
life, and business men in general could
fix their prices at three to four times
their former height; that this would
affect labor so directly and immediate
ly that workers, out of fear of losing
their jobs and thereby being deprived
even of their starvation wages, would
the more readily accept the dictates of
the bosses; and that then, after the
mark had been allowed to climb again,
these prices would still be maintained.
The rumcr at first seemed absurd ■
Yet things are happening daily which
would seem to bear out the theory, j
For one thing, the mark has risen j
dollar it '
In other
again. From 2600 to the
rose to only 1250 or 1300.
words, the mark, measured in foreign
exchange, is worth double what it was
during the closing days of August. But
the cost of the necessities of life has
not dropped accordingly. On the con
trary, prices today reflect the panic
of the 2600-to-the dollar days.
(By The Federated Press)
Champaign, III.—Co-operative man
agement has put the Twin City Re
view, the local labor weekly, on its
feet. The Twin City Co-operative
Press reports a surplus of $848.26 on
its capital stock of 3943.50, after eight
months of operations. Started shortly
after the inauguration of the 44-hour
strike in that city, the press provided
a place for the printers of the Twin
City Review, the local labor paper. Du
ring the eight months of its operation
the balance sheets of the co-operative
press show an increase in value of the
stock from $5 to $6.25 a share.
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.— Nominal evacuation
of Santo Domingo by the armed forces
of the United States, and the return of
its government to its own people, was
celebrated October 21.
This alleged native government
which will supplant the illegal Ameri
can occupation of the past seven years
will be headed by Juan Batista Vicini
Burgos. The proclamation issued by
Rear Admiral Robison states that the
provisional native regime shall be em
powered "to provide reorganization of
provincial and municipal governments,
to enable the Dominican people to
amend their constitution as they may
deem appropriate, to hold general el
ections without the intervention cf mil
itary government, and henceforth to
be alone responsible for its acts.
A reference is made in the procla
mation to "such further powers and
duties as are specified in the plan ot
evacuation." These unspecified duties
are dictated by Washington. ihe
whole matter has been closely veiled
by the American censorship.
(By The Federated Press)
New York—If the water power
the state of New York were properly
utilized, 500 steam locomotives now in
daily use would not be needed, and
the 15,500 coal cars now hauled to
New York could be used for other
needed purposes, says Dr. Charte« r.
Steinmetz, electrical wizard and Am
erican Labor party candidate for state
engineer. There are in this state, he
declares, 5,500,000 horse powers un
used in the water power possibilities
of the state's water course?. _
'If the wasted water power, he says
"were turned into electric power it
would enable us to scrap every steam
locomotive in the state and run all the
industries, electric light and power sta
tions and all the railways, without
smoke, soot or cinders, which now
poison the air of industrial towns.
p We could save $140 ,000.000 ev
ery year and cheapen electric light and
power and make it available for all
Without knowledge there can be
neither true morality nor piety.—Tal
! (By The Federated Press)
. Milwaukee. — Charges of financial
irregularities, which trail the Ku Klux
iru* a U,t .u t i
Ma " about the country, were made
• . .... .
® §a 6 MlIwaukee klan when the
" mer ' can Unity league made it ap
pearance in Milwaukee with the arriv
al of G. K. Rutledge, secretary
R ut i edge issued a
K!eagle W M Wiesemanilj to ,
, AAA . . . . ? P
VV e / e $20»000 initiation fees, tak
f" r ? m ' e , s a " e S e d 2000 mem
, erS e S e ' î?® s S one - Rutledge de
clares that out of every $10 initia
tl0n , , ® s ° one into the kleagle's
while the other $6 has found
a re P° sl '°''y in the jeans of Imperial
tl Edward Young Clark, Atlanta.
. , , extra $6.50 required by the
,. an ° r e nightgown and pillow-'
S w "'£* 1 constitute the robes also
i8 oe ® to the higher ups of the secret or
8 anl zation, Rutledge charged. He as
sertec ' 'eaders controlled a fac
tor J ln wnich the nighties are made
an „P oc k e,: ^e profits.
e *lan ' s purely a commercial
,organization '" Rutledge went on. 'At
the head of the order are a little group
of crooks and money makers. I was"
intimately acquainted with Clark, the
imnerial wizard," and know him for
nothing good."
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—Great Britain fears
F ranee. Lloyd George tried by dip
lomacy and the threat of force at Con
stantinople to check the power of
France. He failed and he has been
thrown out of office by his imperialist
ic backers at home.
British labor detested Lloyd George
and would have turned him out of of
fice by its own strength and for ex
cellent reasons in the course of time.
But his going at this time is the work
of the imperialists alone. In his place
they have set up for the time being,
at least, Andrew Bonar Law, a notor
ious foe of France and author of the
letter made public a fortnight ago in
which the French were warned to be
ware cf British vengeance.
The French reply to that threat
came quickly enough, and was known
to the world 48 hours before Lloyd
George fell in London. The newspa
per Le Temps, organ of the French
Imperialists, reversed its editorial pol
icy cf two weeks earlier and said that
an alliance between France and Rus
sia must be arranged as a balance
against England and a restored Ger
Great Britain emerged from the Turk
crisis groggy and reeling under the
blows of French diplomacy. Her
Greek army had been destroyed, her
oil wells in Mesopotamia imperilled,
and her hold on- Constantinople brok
en. France had brought the Turk
back into Europe and was backing the
demand of Russia for a seat in the
coming peace conference.
That is not all. France had an en
voy at Moscow all this time, in the pei
son of Edouard Herriot, mayor of
Lyons. On the day Herriot left Mos
cow to return home the Russian gov
ernment revoked the great concession
it had arranged to give the British
Urquhart firm for the exploitation of
a fabulously rich region in the Urals.
Moscow did not conceal its motives,
but said that the political hostility ot
the British made it unyise to grant the
concession. ,
This long list of defeats brought
British fear and resentment to a crit
ical point and marked Lloyd George
for slaughter. With the French es
pousing a Russian delegate to t e
peace conference and even hinting at
Russian admission to the league et na
tions, the British must find new lead
ership without delay.
With this new alignment of powers
in Europe, with its threat of war be
tween England and France, the Uni
ted States can be expected to give at
least moral support to the
There are several groups at prejudice
in America that John Bull can cap
italize to fine advantage.
The American Legion is anti-Frenc .
So are the German -Americans bo are
those Jews who think England restor
ed their racial home in Païenne* O
course the bankers are solidly tor
Great Britain, and their newspapers
already at the work blackening e
which French blunders and sel
Helium " J . A mpvica
fishness have earned in - •
~ ,olerate 3 " Va
Great Britain cannot tolerate
in Europe. For l ° For pre _
one Germany was Gerraany
suming to replace or ex
a continental pretender, Hance^
makes herself the target of British
France turning to Russie is an act
of despair. It is also an act that will
further alienate the affection of offic
ial Washington. Lenin may be (as
he is) the only statesman surving in
power since the world war ended, but
our state department is not yet ready
to take' his proffered hand.
New York.—More than 7,300,000
persons in desperate need of help from
outside Russia to see them through the
coming winter, and 1,000,000 "famine
orphans" who must be cared for even
longer. Such is the gist of the report
on the 1922 Russian famine situation
made by Capt. Paxton Hibben, re
cently back from Russia, to the Amer
ican Committee for Relief of Russian
The causes for this year's after
math of the great famine, according to
the report of the Russian Commission
of the Near East Relief, operated in
1921, and it may be said that they are
certain to be the reasons of another
crop shortage in Russia next year un
less the economic reasons that have
produced these results are remedied.
j These economic reasons are:
*" r J
(1) Shortage of seed grain
both spring and fall planting.
"(2) Lack of draft animals and
agricultural machinery to till the soil."
Hibben's report calls for continued
and even larger support of the work
of the American Committee for Relief
of Russian Children, the headquarters
of which is at 110 W. 40th st., New
York City.
In respect to the work of this com
mittee it may be mentioned that no
"overhead" whatever is charged
against contributions in the distribu
tion of supplies in Russia.
The fate of the child victims of the
famine, he declares, is by far the most
depressing element in the whole situ
ation. He appends to his report a
photograph of a woman who was con
victed of cannibalism. Her husband
had died, and she used his flesh to
feed her children.
(By The Federated Press)
(By Paul Hanna)
Washington.—Secreatry of War
Weeks must appear in court November
9, and show cause why Antoni Kara
chun should not be freed from the 20
year sentence he is now serving for
desertion from the American army.
Karachun is a citizen of Russia, and
he was seized by the American forces
on Russian soil, although the United
States has never declared a state of
war against Russia. To hold Kara
chun legally Secretary Weeks must
persuade the supreme court of the
District of Columbia that Uncle Sam
has a right to invade a friendly coun
try, seize its citizens and bring them
back for imprisonment in America.
Weeks must prove still more to the
court. Karachun came to the United
States before the war. During the
war he enlisted in the American army
to fight, as he supposed, against Ger
many. Instead of going to Europe for
that purpose, Karachun was sent with
the American expedition which invad
ed Siberia, and there ordered to fight
against his own countrymen.
This test of the government's right
to violate all laws in time of war is be
gun simultaneously with the recovery
of all Siberia by the Russian revolu
tionary armies which this country and
the allied powers aimed to frustrate
by invading it as "friends of the Rus
sian people."
(By The Federated Press)
Belleville, 111.—A case of alleged
broad daylight robbery is being tried
. ° 1 p. ■ ir in •
in circuit court here. Ldwin r. Mem,
treasurer of the St. Claire Coal &
Mining Co., is charged jointly with his
father, Frederick W. Klein, president
of the company, and M. B. Rosenheim
former weight clerk for the city water
department, with obtaining money un
der false pretenses in conspiring to fal
sify weights of carload lots of coal de
livered at the water plant.
The case on trial, which is based on
several indictments, involves the alleg
ed overweighing of cars during the
period from December 24, 1918, to
January 10, 1919, by which it is alleg
ed, the city was charged for 292,000
J — '
pounds of coal which was iiot receiv
ed. Under these indictment it is said
the city was defrauded of $9000. Ros
enheim has been convicted and
<="«-» «'« — — re
tenced to two years in the penitentiary
^ charges
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—An airplane passen
ger service between Danzig, Warsaw,,
and Lemberg has been inaugurated ac
cording to a report received by the de
partment of commerce from Vice Con
sul Bowman at Danzig. The techni
cal organizations as well as the Dan
zig agency will be in charge of the
Danziger air mail, and the planes to
be used are of the Junker type, which,
have been operated heretofore in the
service of the air mail.
John W. Weeks said sometime ago,
in a speech at Cleveland, Ohio, "The
legislative branch of our government
probably never has been at a lower
ebb than it is today."
Julius Kahn, chairman of the mili
tary affairs committee of the lower
house of congress, said in a speech at
New York, "I have never known the
time when the mental make-up of the
house of representatives was so low as
it is today."
Seldom is inside information allow
ed to get past the doors. The testi
mony of these two prominent old party
politicians is invaluable—on the same
theory upon which a court witness
testimony is considered good when he
testifies against his own interest.
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—"A growing shortage
cf labor" is complained çf by the As
sociated Industries of Massachusetts,
which on October 18 adopted a resolu
tion demanding that congress do some
thing to permit more aliens to enter
the United States. According to this
resolution "necessary production is
being seriously hampered by the pres
ent immigration law, whose applica
tion allowed a net gain of only 110,
844 immigrants during the last fiscal
year, "68 percent of whom were class
ed as persons of no occupation, mostly
women and children.
v iSy The Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. Wales. — Let those
who work the mines control them," is
the slogan now gaining weight through
Australia. There seems to be a defin
ite belief in the minds of the majority
of the people of that country that coal
mining should be a public utility, in
common with other services, and out
side the absolute control of a hand
ful of wealthy coal operators.
A. C. Willis, general secretary, Aus
tralasian Coal and Shale Employes
federation, which covers all coal and
shale workers on the Australian contin
ent, holds that the miners, including
managers and technical men, are en
titled to, and should control the mines.
"Control by the miners," says Wil
lis, "does not mean that the employes
should own the mines for the purpose
of exploiting them in their own inter
ests only. Control, as we take it, must
be taken to mean control by the man
agement and the men acting in har
mony to achieve the best results tor
themselves and the general community
under the best conditions the industry
can afford with a minimum expendi
ture of human energy. ,
"I do not think control of the mines
by the miners would be possible under
private ownership—that is, unless a
collective contract could be made with
the present owners
under which the
the various
t. , , j
miners, as a whole, would undertake to
! produce coal into cars at the colliery
siding at a price per ton, and the own
er would undertake to provide the nc
esary capital for the successful work
ing of the mine. . .
'Under a poposal of this kind ti»e
fixing and adjustment of rates to pay
; various classes of labor would be
U1 the hands of the workers. It would
also mean that the employers' organi
zation would pay to the employes
organization one check for the total
output. This proposal if given a fair
trial, would be infinitely preferable to
the present system.
"It would practically abolish sec
tional strikes because the onus of ad
justing local differences would be en
tirely in the hands of the employes and
if they struck it yould be against them
selves. WitK the miners controlling
the mines a spirit of co -operation
would replace the present spirit of hos
tility, with incalculable benefit to the
general community.'
It is only necessary for a prospective
co-operator to read THE COLONIST
a few times until he becomes a regular
subscriber. We want 100,000.

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