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fell had from ten to forty bats roosting
on them, but that, having fewer places to roost, they were getting scarcer, and mosquitoes were increasing. With all these facts, San Antonio, Texas, where mosquitoes were a pest and malaria a menace, laughed at Dr. Campbell, lest him much practice, by ridicule, etc., when he proposed to put up bat roosts; but in the face of con tempt he put up one at Lake Mitchell. It was not. until it became a great and demonstrated success that they would listen to him, but new the city owns its own bat roosts, and mosquitoes and malaria are gone. He is still ridiculed and opposed outside of his dwn city and county, although some Europeans have used his methods with success and are arranging to put up more roosts. Even here you have not ceas ed to smile at me when I mention the subject. We have no bat roost yet, nor shall we have until you consider my proposal seriously. The greatest destroyers of insect pests—Nature's choice—are the birds. But even them we don't take seriously, and when tTie children make bird box es, we take it more as an amusement for the children than as serious busi ness. It is a matter to be taken seri ously. We may put up bird boxes all over the place, but if they are not oc cupied it is labor lost. If the birds do not know the boxes are here, they naturally will not occunv them; so we must attract them. There are many Revelation Interpreted The Mysteries of the Apocalypse of St. John Revealed A Remarkable Book, Making Plain the Way Unto Salvation, Written by G. A. Kratzer One of the Founders of The Universal Life Institute, of Creighton, Nebr. The Book of Revelation is a vast assem blage of parables, symbols, and allegories, so presented that the entire book makes one of the greatest dramas in the world's literature. According to the prophecy in the book itself, the lime has come for "the unveiling of Jesus Christ" that "the mystery of God should be finished." Mr. Kratzer has taken off the veil and set forth its teachings in plain En glish, so that the book is of infinite value and delight for every one who realizes the great trutfc that the mind is a KINGDOM that must be ruled. Mr. Kratzer believes that this book contains more teaching of fundamental impor tance than any other known document of equal length, for it points out all the dangers and difficulties and sets forth all the saving truth to be experienced by humans in their initiation into the Kingdom of Heaven. This wonderful book of 400 pages, artisti cally printed on the best of paper, beautifully bound, may be had in black cloth, stamped in gold, at $3.50, and in full morocco, flexible binding, round corners, gold edges, and stamp ed in gold, at $7.00, postpaid, by ordering it from— THE LLANO PUBLICATIONS Leesville, La. LLANO — The Trail That Leads to the Co-operative Commonwealth SINCE THE DAYS of Jesus Christ, the human heart has longed for the time when no man's hand would be against the hand of his neighbor, ? time, when each man's interest would be identical with the best interests of the whole community. The progressive thinker, all down through the march of civilization, has yearned for a bet ter state of society in which to live. For this reason, more than any other, men and women have left their native soils and tak en up the duties and terrible hardships of pioneers, searching for the golden opportun ity. From the East men go West; from the West they go farther West; but the smeary hand of exploitation has always followed close behind, leaving them often drained to the point of poverty. To get away from the tithe-paying system ——■ rent, interest and profit—men have struggled and fought and planned. Coloniz ation enterprises have come into being in many parts of the world, having as their ob ject the grouping of congenial workers in an effort to eliminate these objectionable phases of human life. Many of them have partly succeeded, only to be wrecked upon the rocks, because of a lack of understanding of each other's motives. After studying most of the former attempts at co-operative colonization, and marking well the rocks and shoals in the stormy seas, Job Harriman founded a co-operative com munity at Llano, California, on May 1st, 1914. This community operated and pros pered at this location until 1917, when the water for irrigation purposes proved unequal to the growth of the Colony, and a new and more resourceful location was found in Lou isiana, where they are now located. Founded on three great principles of soci ology—equality of opportunity, equality of income, and equality of ownership, the Llano Colony has proven that men and women can live together in harmony and prosper. This Colony is incorporated under the law as a protection against unscrupulous persons and disgruntled self-seek»*« Imagine if you can, i miniature co-operative commonwealth, and you have Llano Colony. Imagine a com munity where all the land, the farms, tools, ways to attract birds but the most practical and effective is a food plat form. I will draw an easily-erected one on the blackboard. The migrat ing and passing birds will see the bird boxes, and, if kept attended to, they will bring others, and they will colon ize the boxes and fight the insects for you. Of all the birds useful to destroy insects, the marten, the blue marten, is probably among the best. But the marten box must be made large enough to house from twenty to a hun dred families, for the marten is a co operator, too. Then, there are the king bird, the common swallow, and the lit tle wren, all useful birds. We have been troubled by cabbage worms, bred by a small white-winged butterfly, easy to know by its having four black spots on its wings. These the martens will^ destroy, the wren will dispose of many smaller insects, and the king bird of the large ones. The king bird not on ly eats many of the larger insects, but kills more than he eats. There is very, very much more to be said on this question, but the rest may be said to good advantage after we shall have made a start toward the carrying out of some of the above sug gestions. We may be assured that in fects breed too fast to be greatly af fected by methods that go only to ef fects. We may be sure that, if we sto at the matter seriously and enlist the aid of the birds and bats, the saving of time, labor, and money will be very great, and the beneficial results obtain ed will be enormously greater than if we don't go after the causes. This, of course, means that we may assist the birds and bats by destroying the trees and plants that act as harboring and breeding places. Fall "plowing*and deep fall plowing will eradicate many insect pests. Ma ny injurious insects spend the winter in the soil, or in the trash on the sur face; and if they are plowed under eight to ten inches deep they are smothered and destroyed. Grasshop pers' eggs laid on stubble and trash, if plowed under more than six inches— eight inches is better—may hatch, but they will never reach the surface. The same applies to the cotton boll weevil and to the cane and corn borer. Ev en full-grown insects that hibernate, if plowed under more than six inches will be smothered. Not only that, but close-textured, fine-grained soils, such as ours here, are benefit«! by the aer ation and consequent sweetening of the soil. Wire worms, corn-ear worms, root maggots, and cut worms are all favored by a sour soil. Deep fall plowing puts them down where they are smothered, helps at the same time to sweeten the soil, and puts a damper on the fungus growths that give blights —rolling leaf—mosaic leaf—and oth er troubles. In spring, a disc harrow will destroy rnnny insects and bring them to the and industries are all owned by the collectiv ity; where each works for the other; where each receives the same compensation for a day's work; where no member will accept anything which any other member cannot have on the same terms, if he desires it— in short, imagine a place where the golden rule is the only law imposed upon the com munity, and you are picturing the Llano Co operative Colony. After eight years of work, Llano Colony is rated in the commercial world as worth over $250,000. But Llano's least asset is its com mercial rating. The fullness of life, the joy of living, the satisfaction of working, the security for the future, the healthy environ ment, the opportunity for education, the af fection of your fellowmen—these are prized more, much more, than what the commercial world calls success. This colony now has something like thirty industries, all collectively owned. Among these are: apiary, auto garage, building de partment, brick-making plant, blacksmith shop, butcher shop, broom factory, crate making factory, chicken farm, dairy with about 20 milking cows and a herd of thoro bred Holstein heifers, goat ranch, hog ranch, with several hundred Duroc-Jersey hogs, sweet-potato storage houses, dressmaking, grist mill, handle lathes, hotel, hospital, li brary, steam laundry, land clearing, fruit or chards, print shop, peanut butter factory, magazine "and weekly newspaper, picturc show and theater, wagon-making shop, can dy kitchen, shoe shop, harness shop, and many other smaller concerns. Then Llano's farms and gardens provide the bulk of the living for the colonists, the farmers specializing on sweet potatoes, su gar cane, peanuts, corn, beans, peas, etc., while the gardens provide greens and gar den truck for the table the year around. The system of government is exceedingly simple. Stock is sold in the corporation at one dollar a share, and only stock-holders are employed by the Colony. An agreement of employment is entered into between the Colony as an organization and each individ ual. Each member is employed at what he best can do, or which needs most to be done. A board of directors is selected each year by the stockholders, which board in turn CHRISTIAN SCIENCE The board of managers of Boston, Mass., has no monopoly on the name of Christian Science. The editor of the Llano Colonist has in his posses sion a copy of "Elements of Christian Science, a Treatise upon Moral Philo sophy and Practice", by William Adams, S. T. P., Presbyter of the Pro testant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Wisconsin. The book was printed by H. Hooker, Cor. Chestnut and 8th Street, Philadelphia, Pa., in the year 1850, twenty six years before Mrs. Eddy published her first edition of Sci ence and Health. Mr. G. A. Kratzer has therefore as good a right to call himself a Christian Scientist as any one else, even if he has been cast out of the synogogue by aforesaid board. In a book, entitled 'The Christian Sci ence Church,' Mr. Kratzer explains his point of view on freedom of con science and right of self determination as follows: "To teach the truth in public or pri vate, in speech or print, and to be self governed as to what one shall read and as to whom one shall hear, without let or hindrance from any human being or organization, are fundamental hu man rights and privileges not to be abridged." "Rules and regulations of human so ciety which require of us not to tres pass upon the rights of others, corres pond to eternal right, and we are un der obligations at all times to obey them. All other rules of state or of church are artificial and arbitrary, and we are under no moral obligations to obey them .unless we deem it wise to> do so, and any attempt of others to force such rules upon us against our will, is tyranny and should be resisted. "We are not trespassing upon the rights of others when we speak or pub lish what we know to be true, unless we force others to listen against their surpace, where birds, if we make them our friends and co-operators, will eat them and help clean the ground. Young ducks, especially the lively, ac tive Indian runner ducks, eat all kinds of insects. They do not scratch as chickens do, and it therefore will pay to raise them as insect-destroyers and turn them into the garden. The duck lings will eat potato bugs, and the po tato bugs will be helping to make duck meat for our tables. It would be use less to try to enumerate the different kinds of insects, for there are hundreds of thousands of kinds; but probably eighty percent of the trouble made by them will be lessened by deep fall plowing. In addition to aerating and sweetening the soil, it gives it oppor tunity to absorb nitrogen from the air and water when it rains. Besides de stroying the winter homes of the pests, it would, so it is claimed, by a very successful English farmer, afford a substitute for manure. selects a general manager. He selects his foremen for the various industries, and each is selected carefully according to his ability to do the work and to direct his men. Each manager is given a free hand to run his department, always with the supervision of the manager and board of directors, in order that his actions may not be contrary to the collective welfare. New industries are started from time to time as necessity demands. The object qf Llano's industries is to provide the Colony with what it needs, rather than to make a profit by selling the products. Production for use is our slogan. Thus to make its own food, clothing and shelter, to provide as far as possible every convenience and comfort is the final object. To get as nearly as pos sible to the source of wealth, the Colony will raise sheep for wool; cotton can be raised, and the colonists can weave their own cloth and make their clothing. The Colony's timber lands are now fur nishing hardwood and pine for its buildings, its brick plant makes the necessary brick and can make tiling, hollow tile, etc., for its own homes. The farm and gardens of the Colony have provided the tables with most of the good things which nature offers. Thus the three important problems are easily solved. Work is done as much as possible by ma chinery, eliminating heavy drudgery, and the more machinery used, the less the labor is. Many tractors are used on the farm and in logging operations for hauling, and for land clearing. The Colony now owns about 5000 acres of land, some of it of very fair character, varying from bottom land to rolling land and timber land. It intends to purchase a total of 20,000 acres, because the colonists realize that the movement is destined to grow to large proportions, several small commun ities probably will be settled on the land. • When the day's work is done at 4:30, each colonist has an equal opportunity to improve himself along many lines, such as music, vocal training, languages, science, agriculture, orchestra I work, dancing, and other diversions. Man^ of these classes are will, nor are we disobeying eternal right in circulating the writings of oth ers that we know to be true and val uable, and any attempt to inhibit our doing ■ so is trespassing upon our rights." The foregoing sentences are sam ples of the spirit of the book, and should make it possible for any öne to decide whether the book has any merit and is worth while reading by them. The price is 50 cents per copy. As far as we are concerned, the Bib le and Science and Health are too li mited in extent to constitute sole text books for us. All Nature and all books ever written can teach a discriminat ing reader. We have been an omni vorous reader for over sixty years and learned something. So-called silent treatment did not originate with Mrs. Eddy. In 1866, when I was a boy of eleven, an older brother was afflicted with erysipelas on one leg, and the folks were told that there was a woman who could heal it by silent treatment (besprechen). She was asked to come, looked at the leg, took a seat and treated him inaudibly, her lips moving, probably to show that she was doing something. In a day or so the trouble disappeared, but a few months later my brother suddenly died. At that time I was too young to connect the two incidents, but have done so since. When Doctor Braid, the English physician, (who coined the word hyp notism) apparently cured people of rheumatism and other diseases by hyp notic suggestion it was afterwards found that he had only succeeded in causing the pain and other symptoms to disappear for the time being, while the retained waste matter and toxic cause of 'he sickness remained in the system and in a short time turned up in some other form of disease. Harmful habits are the cause of all human illness, and they will continue to cause s'ekness as long as they are persisted in. Silent or audible sugges tions from healers, or auto-suggestions from self to the contrary notwithstand ing. The only lasting healing occurs when harmful habits, practices, and conduct are completely abandoned. That is real mental or spiritual healing. In "Dietetics of the Soul, written in German in 1820 by a Vienna physi cian named von Feuchtersieben, he cites as an example of the powerful influence of auto-suggestion the case of a Dutch student at the University of Leyden, Holland, who was so suscep tible to the suggestions of his study subjects that he took every disease that he studied. Dr. Charcot at the Salpetriere, Par is, France has demonstrated that by suggestion blindness can be caused in susceptible subjects. In view of all the discoveries that have been made as to the influence of suggestion, it must be looked upon as the mysterious ag ent of all irrational beliefs and illu sions as well as a beneficent healing VITAMINES DETERMINE DESTINY OF RACE Important Elements Being Discarded In Present Milling of Cereals Produce Vigor and Long Life By Sander Christensen (Rice Journal, Mar., 1922) When Dr. Casimir Funk discovered what vitamines are to life, he made a discovery upon the same principle as that by which it was found what electricity is to light. Vitamines, electricity and magne tism are causes not yet unfolded to man. We see some of the effects and understand faintly some of the laws through which these three unseen powers work upon matter and when we shall know all the laws and com prehend all the effects, we, shall see the one Cause, God, working all pow ers through the laws of Christ, which work in the Creation always. The perfect law of Christ was given to Adam; he, Adam, did not keep it. The law given to Moses two thous and years later was not the perfect law, but better than no law and could have been a stepping stone back to the perfect law. We cannot iihprove upon nature's laws, but it is our duty to try to un derstand them. The main function of vitamines (mining from life to life) is to dibest and divide; therefore, if the right balance in vitamines (fat solu bles and water solubles) is present within the foods we eat, it will be rightly divided and rightly digested within our system. The right propor tion of vitals functions rightly within the body. Vitamines are not all; they must have something to work upon, for a perfect digestion. For this reason we say that they are life giv ing and life sustaining when duly balanced. Nor is electricity all but its power rightly utilized is productive of light. The same is true of magne tism, which directed rightly toward the proper matter manifests its mysterious agent, properly used. When persons read one certain text book or one-sid ed sort of subject literature all the time that makes no call upon the faculties cf discriminations and analysis, a per son becomes self-hypnotized, a,s it were. When we first read the records of cases of healing in Christian Science publications, we thot it just wonderful, but when we got a line on the dishon est impositions of many medical and other pratitioners, we found a ration al explanation for the great majority of cures, and the supposed miracles diffused in thin air. There is a real scientific way of getting actual know ledge, but many so-called sciences are not scientific, and professed scientists fail to recognize their own limitations. well attended, and all the colonists realize the fact that to keep progressive they must advance in knowledge. A radical in pol itics and a conservative in everything else is out nf nlare in this community. Llano's school system is as progressive as the co-operative colony. Th* children are not driven to learn. The subjects are ar ranged so as to draw out of the child the best that is in him. With this in view, diver sified industrial trades are placed at his dis posal. He may thus gain an insight into a world of endeavor and can choose that which most nearly fits in with his natural ability. The school has its own cafeteria now, where foods more especially adaptable to growing children are prepared by the domestic sci ence class. Musiç, singing, languages, bot any, agriculture, Esperanto, are among the subjects offered to Llano's children; and there are many opportunities for obtaining a real education, in addition to those pro vided by the regular state course of study, making them a thinking, alert, self-reliant group of future builders of a co-operative commonwealth. Equal wages are paid to men, women and children. The theory of this is that each colonist owes to the community his best en deavors, whether he be learned lawyer, hus ky farmer, or little school child. They give to the whole the best they can, and in re turn receive the best each other can offer. Hospital and doctor are provided when sickness comes, and there are no charges for such social services. Funerals are conducted along the same lines. There is no need for insurance in the Col ony for the dependents receive their support just the same, even if the father be remov ed from them. Social life is made by those who live to gether. The great objection to living on the land is the isolation which accompanies it. Here in Llano, the farmers and the industrial workers live close to the center where danc es, entertainments, picture shows, and all manner of good times can be had for the making. No rent is charged for the houses, and any building can be used for meetings with out cost. Men work in whatever industry they are drawing power, but is by no means self sufficient needing certain condi tions in order to function. When Doctor Funk diccovered the functions of vitamines, he was experi menting with that golden cereal which has sustained countless millions of the earth's population for thousands of years, rice; and from the layer( which rightly divided is seven layers) placed cn the outside of the rice kernai, di rectly under the fibre, containing near ly all the rice fats, he extracted a cry stallized substance, such that when he fed a small portion of it to different animals worked wonders. Pigeons that did not have vit lity sufficient to en able them to stand up, shortly after they were fed a small portion of this crystallized substance revived and were ready to fly. Funk did not say that this sub stance was the vitamine, nay, but he did discover that this mysterious power, which he named vitamine, was within this crystalized substance; and, now, he that hath an ear, let him listen. Up to this very day wise humanity is, in the rice milling process, remov ing, yes removing, all that life giving and life sustaining rice fat, in order that you over the counter may be han ded a nice, white looking product call ed rice, which, robbed of its fat and its balance in vitamines and often coated with calcium and talcum, has shortened the life for the Orientals to such an extent that it cannot be fully comprehended or calculated today. However, when you understand the functions of vitamines it should not be hard to see that you must eat products which are made from whole grains, whole fruits, whole vegetables and the like. I have mentiond rice in particu lar because I have specially studied this cereal and know it to be a most wonderful cereal. Its water roots ex tract from the water a lacteal, milky fluid, so that the whole kernai con-' tains nearly everything the human sys tem needs; but robbed of its fats and therewith also its balance in vita mines, its prevalent use in this condi tion is playing havoc with humanity. I can but second what Alfred W. Mc Cann, a nationally known expert on nutriment says: "The foods we are now eating are causing ravishing dis ease. untold misery and premature death." There are indeed a thousand and one things we do not know about vi tamines or vital elements to-day, but we can be one hundred per cent cer tain that God understands and that we cannot improve upon the laws He lays down. This paper is printed for the pur pose of spreading the idea of colony co operation. YOU can help materially by passing on your copy to a friend and then asking him to subscribe. Re member, we want a list of 100,000. best fitted for. Sometimes they are moved around to different work as is deemed neces sary, but the fact is conceded that each worker works best at something that he likes to do and has fitted himself for. But when it is remembered that each is working for the whole, and the whole is working for the in« dividual, no one refuses to do what is alloted to him. Women all find lots of work to do. They feed the men at the hotel, wash and iron for them at the laundry, make dresses and over alls and shirts at the sewing department, at tend store, office, etc., wherever their ser vices can be utilized to best advantage. There are no parasists at Llano. Even incapacitated, and the aged can sometimes help. They assemble crates, wrap papers, attend machines, etc. On special occasions such as harvesting, or planting, all the school children are glad to go to the fields and help. It is the com mon food store—and all will help to save the harvest. Men, women, and children will forsake their regular work to help where they can. This is because they are actuated by an ideal. They believe in co-operation with each other. Some co-operators think co-op eration means that others have to co-operate with them, that their lot may be bettered. Llano co-operators realize that each must sacrifice their personal interests and amalga mate with the collectivity. This is the very ideal which has made Llano a signal success in the co-operative field, when other like communities have disintegrated. • If you are interested in such a commun ity and such an ideal and would like to learn how to get into practical application and de monstration of that ideal, write for more particulars. Ask for "Co-operation in Ac tion," which goes more into the detail of Colony life and is illustrated by pictures, showing the colonists at work. The Colony has its express and freight agency, and hopes to have its own postoffice (via Leesville). THE LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY Llano Co-operative Colony, Newllano, La.» NEWLLANO, LA.