OCR Interpretation

The Llano colonist. (Llano, Calif.) 191?-1937, November 04, 1922, Image 7

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93062881/1922-11-04/ed-1/seq-7/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 7

fell had from ten to forty bats roosting
on them, but that, having fewer places
to roost, they were getting scarcer,
and mosquitoes were increasing.
With all these facts, San Antonio,
Texas, where mosquitoes were a pest
and malaria a menace, laughed at Dr.
Campbell, lest him much practice, by
ridicule, etc., when he proposed to put
up bat roosts; but in the face of con
tempt he put up one at Lake Mitchell.
It was not. until it became a great and
demonstrated success that they would
listen to him, but new the city owns
its own bat roosts, and mosquitoes and
malaria are gone. He is still ridiculed
and opposed outside of his dwn city
and county, although some Europeans
have used his methods with success
and are arranging to put up more
roosts. Even here you have not ceas
ed to smile at me when I mention the
subject. We have no bat roost yet,
nor shall we have until you consider
my proposal seriously.
The greatest destroyers of insect
pests—Nature's choice—are the birds.
But even them we don't take seriously,
and when tTie children make bird box
es, we take it more as an amusement
for the children than as serious busi
ness. It is a matter to be taken seri
ously. We may put up bird boxes all
over the place, but if they are not oc
cupied it is labor lost. If the birds
do not know the boxes are here, they
naturally will not occunv them; so we
must attract them. There are many
Revelation Interpreted
The Mysteries of the Apocalypse of St. John
A Remarkable Book, Making Plain the Way
Unto Salvation, Written by G. A. Kratzer
One of the Founders of The Universal
Life Institute, of Creighton, Nebr.
The Book of Revelation is a vast assem
blage of parables, symbols, and allegories, so
presented that the entire book makes one of
the greatest dramas in the world's literature.
According to the prophecy in the book itself,
the lime has come for "the unveiling of Jesus
Christ" that "the mystery of God should be
finished." Mr. Kratzer has taken off the
veil and set forth its teachings in plain En
glish, so that the book is of infinite value and
delight for every one who realizes the great
trutfc that the mind is a KINGDOM that must
be ruled. Mr. Kratzer believes that this book
contains more teaching of fundamental impor
tance than any other known document of
equal length, for it points out all the dangers
and difficulties and sets forth all the saving
truth to be experienced by humans in their
initiation into the Kingdom of Heaven.
This wonderful book of 400 pages, artisti
cally printed on the best of paper, beautifully
bound, may be had in black cloth, stamped in
gold, at $3.50, and in full morocco, flexible
binding, round corners, gold edges, and stamp
ed in gold, at $7.00, postpaid, by ordering it
Leesville, La.
LLANO — The Trail That Leads to the Co-operative Commonwealth
SINCE THE DAYS of Jesus Christ, the
human heart has longed for the time
when no man's hand would be against
the hand of his neighbor, ? time, when each
man's interest would be identical with the
best interests of the whole community. The
progressive thinker, all down through the
march of civilization, has yearned for a bet
ter state of society in which to live. For
this reason, more than any other, men and
women have left their native soils and tak
en up the duties and terrible hardships of
pioneers, searching for the golden opportun
From the East men go West; from the
West they go farther West; but the smeary
hand of exploitation has always followed
close behind, leaving them often drained to
the point of poverty.
To get away from the tithe-paying system
——■ rent, interest and profit—men have
struggled and fought and planned. Coloniz
ation enterprises have come into being in
many parts of the world, having as their ob
ject the grouping of congenial workers in an
effort to eliminate these objectionable phases
of human life. Many of them have partly
succeeded, only to be wrecked upon the
rocks, because of a lack of understanding
of each other's motives.
After studying most of the former attempts
at co-operative colonization, and marking
well the rocks and shoals in the stormy seas,
Job Harriman founded a co-operative com
munity at Llano, California, on May 1st,
1914. This community operated and pros
pered at this location until 1917, when the
water for irrigation purposes proved unequal
to the growth of the Colony, and a new and
more resourceful location was found in Lou
isiana, where they are now located.
Founded on three great principles of soci
ology—equality of opportunity, equality of
income, and equality of ownership, the Llano
Colony has proven that men and women can
live together in harmony and prosper. This
Colony is incorporated under the law as a
protection against unscrupulous persons and
disgruntled self-seek»*« Imagine if you can,
i miniature co-operative commonwealth, and
you have Llano Colony. Imagine a com
munity where all the land, the farms, tools,
ways to attract birds but the most
practical and effective is a food plat
form. I will draw an easily-erected
one on the blackboard. The migrat
ing and passing birds will see the bird
boxes, and, if kept attended to, they
will bring others, and they will colon
ize the boxes and fight the insects for
Of all the birds useful to destroy
insects, the marten, the blue marten,
is probably among the best. But the
marten box must be made large
enough to house from twenty to a hun
dred families, for the marten is a co
operator, too. Then, there are the king
bird, the common swallow, and the lit
tle wren, all useful birds. We have
been troubled by cabbage worms, bred
by a small white-winged butterfly, easy
to know by its having four black spots
on its wings. These the martens will^
destroy, the wren will dispose of many
smaller insects, and the king bird of
the large ones. The king bird not on
ly eats many of the larger insects, but
kills more than he eats.
There is very, very much more to
be said on this question, but the rest
may be said to good advantage after
we shall have made a start toward the
carrying out of some of the above sug
gestions. We may be assured that in
fects breed too fast to be greatly af
fected by methods that go only to ef
fects. We may be sure that, if we sto
at the matter seriously and enlist the
aid of the birds and bats, the saving of
time, labor, and money will be very
great, and the beneficial results obtain
ed will be enormously greater than if
we don't go after the causes. This,
of course, means that we may assist
the birds and bats by destroying the
trees and plants that act as harboring
and breeding places.
Fall "plowing*and deep fall plowing
will eradicate many insect pests. Ma
ny injurious insects spend the winter
in the soil, or in the trash on the sur
face; and if they are plowed under
eight to ten inches deep they are
smothered and destroyed. Grasshop
pers' eggs laid on stubble and trash, if
plowed under more than six inches—
eight inches is better—may hatch, but
they will never reach the surface. The
same applies to the cotton boll weevil
and to the cane and corn borer. Ev
en full-grown insects that hibernate, if
plowed under more than six inches will
be smothered. Not only that, but
close-textured, fine-grained soils, such
as ours here, are benefit«! by the aer
ation and consequent sweetening of
the soil. Wire worms, corn-ear worms,
root maggots, and cut worms are all
favored by a sour soil. Deep fall
plowing puts them down where they
are smothered, helps at the same time
to sweeten the soil, and puts a damper
on the fungus growths that give blights
—rolling leaf—mosaic leaf—and oth
er troubles.
In spring, a disc harrow will destroy
rnnny insects and bring them to the
and industries are all owned by the collectiv
ity; where each works for the other; where
each receives the same compensation for a
day's work; where no member will accept
anything which any other member cannot
have on the same terms, if he desires it—
in short, imagine a place where the golden
rule is the only law imposed upon the com
munity, and you are picturing the Llano Co
operative Colony.
After eight years of work, Llano Colony is
rated in the commercial world as worth over
$250,000. But Llano's least asset is its com
mercial rating. The fullness of life, the joy
of living, the satisfaction of working, the
security for the future, the healthy environ
ment, the opportunity for education, the af
fection of your fellowmen—these are prized
more, much more, than what the commercial
world calls success.
This colony now has something like thirty
industries, all collectively owned. Among
these are: apiary, auto garage, building de
partment, brick-making plant, blacksmith
shop, butcher shop, broom factory, crate
making factory, chicken farm, dairy with
about 20 milking cows and a herd of thoro
bred Holstein heifers, goat ranch, hog ranch,
with several hundred Duroc-Jersey hogs,
sweet-potato storage houses, dressmaking,
grist mill, handle lathes, hotel, hospital, li
brary, steam laundry, land clearing, fruit or
chards, print shop, peanut butter factory,
magazine "and weekly newspaper, picturc
show and theater, wagon-making shop, can
dy kitchen, shoe shop, harness shop, and
many other smaller concerns.
Then Llano's farms and gardens provide
the bulk of the living for the colonists, the
farmers specializing on sweet potatoes, su
gar cane, peanuts, corn, beans, peas, etc.,
while the gardens provide greens and gar
den truck for the table the year around.
The system of government is exceedingly
simple. Stock is sold in the corporation at
one dollar a share, and only stock-holders
are employed by the Colony. An agreement
of employment is entered into between the
Colony as an organization and each individ
ual. Each member is employed at what
he best can do, or which needs most to be
done. A board of directors is selected each
year by the stockholders, which board in turn
The board of managers of Boston,
Mass., has no monopoly on the name
of Christian Science. The editor of
the Llano Colonist has in his posses
sion a copy of "Elements of Christian
Science, a Treatise upon Moral Philo
sophy and Practice", by William
Adams, S. T. P., Presbyter of the Pro
testant Episcopal Church in the Diocese
of Wisconsin. The book was printed
by H. Hooker, Cor. Chestnut and 8th
Street, Philadelphia, Pa., in the year
1850, twenty six years before Mrs.
Eddy published her first edition of Sci
ence and Health. Mr. G. A. Kratzer
has therefore as good a right to call
himself a Christian Scientist as any
one else, even if he has been cast out
of the synogogue by aforesaid board.
In a book, entitled 'The Christian Sci
ence Church,' Mr. Kratzer explains
his point of view on freedom of con
science and right of self determination
as follows:
"To teach the truth in public or pri
vate, in speech or print, and to be self
governed as to what one shall read and
as to whom one shall hear, without let
or hindrance from any human being
or organization, are fundamental hu
man rights and privileges not to be
"Rules and regulations of human so
ciety which require of us not to tres
pass upon the rights of others, corres
pond to eternal right, and we are un
der obligations at all times to obey
them. All other rules of state or of
church are artificial and arbitrary, and
we are under no moral obligations to
obey them .unless we deem it wise to>
do so, and any attempt of others to
force such rules upon us against our
will, is tyranny and should be resisted.
"We are not trespassing upon the
rights of others when we speak or pub
lish what we know to be true, unless
we force others to listen against their
surpace, where birds, if we make them
our friends and co-operators, will eat
them and help clean the ground.
Young ducks, especially the lively, ac
tive Indian runner ducks, eat all kinds
of insects. They do not scratch as
chickens do, and it therefore will pay
to raise them as insect-destroyers and
turn them into the garden. The duck
lings will eat potato bugs, and the po
tato bugs will be helping to make duck
meat for our tables. It would be use
less to try to enumerate the different
kinds of insects, for there are hundreds
of thousands of kinds; but probably
eighty percent of the trouble made by
them will be lessened by deep fall
plowing. In addition to aerating and
sweetening the soil, it gives it oppor
tunity to absorb nitrogen from the air
and water when it rains. Besides de
stroying the winter homes of the pests,
it would, so it is claimed, by a very
successful English farmer, afford a
substitute for manure.
selects a general manager. He selects his
foremen for the various industries, and each
is selected carefully according to his ability
to do the work and to direct his men.
Each manager is given a free hand to run
his department, always with the supervision
of the manager and board of directors, in
order that his actions may not be contrary to
the collective welfare.
New industries are started from time to
time as necessity demands. The object qf
Llano's industries is to provide the Colony
with what it needs, rather than to make a
profit by selling the products. Production
for use is our slogan. Thus to make its own
food, clothing and shelter, to provide as far
as possible every convenience and comfort
is the final object. To get as nearly as pos
sible to the source of wealth, the Colony will
raise sheep for wool; cotton can be raised,
and the colonists can weave their own cloth
and make their clothing.
The Colony's timber lands are now fur
nishing hardwood and pine for its buildings,
its brick plant makes the necessary brick and
can make tiling, hollow tile, etc., for its own
The farm and gardens of the Colony have
provided the tables with most of the good
things which nature offers.
Thus the three important problems are
easily solved.
Work is done as much as possible by ma
chinery, eliminating heavy drudgery, and the
more machinery used, the less the labor is.
Many tractors are used on the farm and in
logging operations for hauling, and for land
The Colony now owns about 5000 acres
of land, some of it of very fair character,
varying from bottom land to rolling land
and timber land. It intends to purchase a
total of 20,000 acres, because the colonists
realize that the movement is destined to grow
to large proportions, several small commun
ities probably will be settled on the land.
• When the day's work is done at 4:30,
each colonist has an equal opportunity to
improve himself along many lines, such as
music, vocal training, languages, science,
agriculture, orchestra I work, dancing, and
other diversions. Man^ of these classes are
will, nor are we disobeying eternal
right in circulating the writings of oth
ers that we know to be true and val
uable, and any attempt to inhibit our
doing ■ so is trespassing upon our
The foregoing sentences are sam
ples of the spirit of the book, and
should make it possible for any öne to
decide whether the book has any merit
and is worth while reading by them.
The price is 50 cents per copy.
As far as we are concerned, the Bib
le and Science and Health are too li
mited in extent to constitute sole text
books for us. All Nature and all books
ever written can teach a discriminat
ing reader. We have been an omni
vorous reader for over sixty years and
learned something. So-called silent
treatment did not originate with Mrs.
Eddy. In 1866, when I was a boy of
eleven, an older brother was afflicted
with erysipelas on one leg, and the
folks were told that there was a woman
who could heal it by silent treatment
(besprechen). She was asked to come,
looked at the leg, took a seat and
treated him inaudibly, her lips moving,
probably to show that she was doing
something. In a day or so the trouble
disappeared, but a few months later
my brother suddenly died. At that
time I was too young to connect the
two incidents, but have done so since.
When Doctor Braid, the English
physician, (who coined the word hyp
notism) apparently cured people of
rheumatism and other diseases by hyp
notic suggestion it was afterwards
found that he had only succeeded in
causing the pain and other symptoms
to disappear for the time being, while
the retained waste matter and toxic
cause of 'he sickness remained in the
system and in a short time turned up
in some other form of disease.
Harmful habits are the cause of all
human illness, and they will continue
to cause s'ekness as long as they are
persisted in. Silent or audible sugges
tions from healers, or auto-suggestions
from self to the contrary notwithstand
ing. The only lasting healing occurs
when harmful habits, practices, and
conduct are completely abandoned.
That is real mental or spiritual healing.
In "Dietetics of the Soul, written in
German in 1820 by a Vienna physi
cian named von Feuchtersieben, he
cites as an example of the powerful
influence of auto-suggestion the case
of a Dutch student at the University of
Leyden, Holland, who was so suscep
tible to the suggestions of his study
subjects that he took every disease
that he studied.
Dr. Charcot at the Salpetriere, Par
is, France has demonstrated that by
suggestion blindness can be caused in
susceptible subjects. In view of all
the discoveries that have been made as
to the influence of suggestion, it must
be looked upon as the mysterious ag
ent of all irrational beliefs and illu
sions as well as a beneficent healing
Important Elements Being Discarded
In Present Milling of Cereals
Produce Vigor and Long
By Sander Christensen
(Rice Journal, Mar., 1922)
When Dr. Casimir Funk discovered
what vitamines are to life, he made
a discovery upon the same principle
as that by which it was found what
electricity is to light.
Vitamines, electricity and magne
tism are causes not yet unfolded to
man. We see some of the effects and
understand faintly some of the laws
through which these three unseen
powers work upon matter and when
we shall know all the laws and com
prehend all the effects, we, shall see
the one Cause, God, working all pow
ers through the laws of Christ, which
work in the Creation always.
The perfect law of Christ was given
to Adam; he, Adam, did not keep it.
The law given to Moses two thous
and years later was not the perfect
law, but better than no law and could
have been a stepping stone back to
the perfect law.
We cannot iihprove upon nature's
laws, but it is our duty to try to un
derstand them. The main function of
vitamines (mining from life to life) is
to dibest and divide; therefore, if the
right balance in vitamines (fat solu
bles and water solubles) is present
within the foods we eat, it will be
rightly divided and rightly digested
within our system. The right propor
tion of vitals functions rightly within
the body. Vitamines are not all; they
must have something to work upon,
for a perfect digestion. For this
reason we say that they are life giv
ing and life sustaining when duly
balanced. Nor is electricity all but
its power rightly utilized is productive
of light. The same is true of magne
tism, which directed rightly toward the
proper matter manifests its mysterious
agent, properly used. When persons
read one certain text book or one-sid
ed sort of subject literature all the time
that makes no call upon the faculties
cf discriminations and analysis, a per
son becomes self-hypnotized, a,s it
were. When we first read the records
of cases of healing in Christian Science
publications, we thot it just wonderful,
but when we got a line on the dishon
est impositions of many medical and
other pratitioners, we found a ration
al explanation for the great majority
of cures, and the supposed miracles
diffused in thin air. There is a real
scientific way of getting actual know
ledge, but many so-called sciences are
not scientific, and professed scientists
fail to recognize their own limitations.
well attended, and all the colonists realize
the fact that to keep progressive they must
advance in knowledge. A radical in pol
itics and a conservative in everything else is
out nf nlare in this community.
Llano's school system is as progressive as
the co-operative colony. Th* children are
not driven to learn. The subjects are ar
ranged so as to draw out of the child the
best that is in him. With this in view, diver
sified industrial trades are placed at his dis
posal. He may thus gain an insight into a
world of endeavor and can choose that which
most nearly fits in with his natural ability.
The school has its own cafeteria now, where
foods more especially adaptable to growing
children are prepared by the domestic sci
ence class. Musiç, singing, languages, bot
any, agriculture, Esperanto, are among the
subjects offered to Llano's children; and
there are many opportunities for obtaining
a real education, in addition to those pro
vided by the regular state course of study,
making them a thinking, alert, self-reliant
group of future builders of a co-operative
Equal wages are paid to men, women and
children. The theory of this is that each
colonist owes to the community his best en
deavors, whether he be learned lawyer, hus
ky farmer, or little school child. They give
to the whole the best they can, and in re
turn receive the best each other can offer.
Hospital and doctor are provided when
sickness comes, and there are no charges for
such social services. Funerals are conducted
along the same lines.
There is no need for insurance in the Col
ony for the dependents receive their support
just the same, even if the father be remov
ed from them.
Social life is made by those who live to
gether. The great objection to living on the
land is the isolation which accompanies it.
Here in Llano, the farmers and the industrial
workers live close to the center where danc
es, entertainments, picture shows, and all
manner of good times can be had for the
No rent is charged for the houses, and
any building can be used for meetings with
out cost.
Men work in whatever industry they are
drawing power, but is by no means
self sufficient needing certain condi
tions in order to function.
When Doctor Funk diccovered the
functions of vitamines, he was experi
menting with that golden cereal which
has sustained countless millions of the
earth's population for thousands of
years, rice; and from the layer( which
rightly divided is seven layers) placed
cn the outside of the rice kernai, di
rectly under the fibre, containing near
ly all the rice fats, he extracted a cry
stallized substance, such that when he
fed a small portion of it to different
animals worked wonders. Pigeons that
did not have vit lity sufficient to en
able them to stand up, shortly after
they were fed a small portion of this
crystallized substance revived and
were ready to fly.
Funk did not say that this sub
stance was the vitamine, nay, but he
did discover that this mysterious
power, which he named vitamine, was
within this crystalized substance; and,
now, he that hath an ear, let him
Up to this very day wise humanity
is, in the rice milling process, remov
ing, yes removing, all that life giving
and life sustaining rice fat, in order
that you over the counter may be han
ded a nice, white looking product call
ed rice, which, robbed of its fat and
its balance in vitamines and often
coated with calcium and talcum, has
shortened the life for the Orientals to
such an extent that it cannot be fully
comprehended or calculated today.
However, when you understand the
functions of vitamines it should not be
hard to see that you must eat products
which are made from whole grains,
whole fruits, whole vegetables and the
like. I have mentiond rice in particu
lar because I have specially studied
this cereal and know it to be a most
wonderful cereal. Its water roots ex
tract from the water a lacteal, milky
fluid, so that the whole kernai con-'
tains nearly everything the human sys
tem needs; but robbed of its fats and
therewith also its balance in vita
mines, its prevalent use in this condi
tion is playing havoc with humanity.
I can but second what Alfred W. Mc
Cann, a nationally known expert on
nutriment says: "The foods we are
now eating are causing ravishing dis
ease. untold misery and premature
There are indeed a thousand and
one things we do not know about vi
tamines or vital elements to-day, but
we can be one hundred per cent cer
tain that God understands and that
we cannot improve upon the laws He
lays down.
This paper is printed for the pur
pose of spreading the idea of colony co
operation. YOU can help materially
by passing on your copy to a friend
and then asking him to subscribe. Re
member, we want a list of 100,000.
best fitted for. Sometimes they are moved
around to different work as is deemed neces
sary, but the fact is conceded that each
worker works best at something that he likes
to do and has fitted himself for. But when
it is remembered that each is working for the
whole, and the whole is working for the in«
dividual, no one refuses to do what is alloted
to him.
Women all find lots of work to do. They
feed the men at the hotel, wash and iron for
them at the laundry, make dresses and over
alls and shirts at the sewing department, at
tend store, office, etc., wherever their ser
vices can be utilized to best advantage.
There are no parasists at Llano. Even
incapacitated, and the aged can sometimes
help. They assemble crates, wrap papers,
attend machines, etc.
On special occasions such as harvesting,
or planting, all the school children are glad
to go to the fields and help. It is the com
mon food store—and all will help to save
the harvest. Men, women, and children will
forsake their regular work to help where they
This is because they are actuated by an
ideal. They believe in co-operation with
each other. Some co-operators think co-op
eration means that others have to co-operate
with them, that their lot may be bettered.
Llano co-operators realize that each must
sacrifice their personal interests and amalga
mate with the collectivity. This is the very
ideal which has made Llano a signal success
in the co-operative field, when other like
communities have disintegrated. •
If you are interested in such a commun
ity and such an ideal and would like to learn
how to get into practical application and de
monstration of that ideal, write for more
particulars. Ask for "Co-operation in Ac
tion," which goes more into the detail of
Colony life and is illustrated by pictures,
showing the colonists at work.
The Colony has its express and freight
agency, and hopes to have its own postoffice
(via Leesville).
Llano Co-operative Colony, Newllano, La.»

xml | txt