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If you receive a sample copy of this paper,.it is an invitation to you to sub scribe. Some friend of yours has ask , ed us to send it Sample trial subscription is ten cents a month. Regular subscription is $1.50 a Year; five cents a Copy. ( £ WEBKLY MESSENGER ^ROM THE LLANO CO-OPERATIVE COLONY The LJ MEMBER THE FEDERATED PRESS To expound the principles of co-operation that other colonies be formed t^) emulate the Llano Co-operative Colony. VOL. II— No. 35. PUBLISHED AT LLANO COLONY LEESVILLE LOUISIANA, SATURDAY. DECEMBER 23, 1922. PRICE FIVE CENTS—$1.50 YEAR Who Are the Criminals? Asks American Civil Liberties Union (Bv Die Federated Press) New York.—Three times has the American Civil Liberties union called upon William J. Burns, head of the government spy system, to tell wh^ federal agents were involved in the ar rest and prosecution of the Commun ists at Bridgeman, Mich. Twice there have been evasive and reluctant re plies.« Then Burns, in an interview published here, was quoted as saying: " i here is an organization at the present time in New York called the American Civil Liberties union, that is peeking to investigate us in order to determine why we had men at Bridge man, Mich.," and adding that this is one of the difficulties the department of investigation experiences in "curb ing radical activities." This Burns statement has evoked another demand from the Civil Liber ties union upon Burns for a real ex planation of the activities of his men in a state case. roof P laygrounds for new york children (By The Federated Press) New York.—A thousand roof play grounds within the next two years is the aim of the Childhood Safety Roof Playgrounds Assn., organized here "to remove the bulk of our one million child population from death dealing, body maiming, health destroying dan gers and the demoralizing influence of the streets." The association, urging the cooperation of all citizens, calls at tention to the fact that last year 1054 children under 16 years of age were killed here in street accidents; that there are 307,283 licensed automobiles in New York city, and that the police department head is doubling every 3 years and already traffic is beyond the control of, the department. The Colony Diary Being a Daily Report of Colony Life at Llano. Wednesday, Dec. 13. — The Col ony is continually afflicted with grow ing pains. * In the last year, our popu lation has nearly trebled. Many of our industries have enlarged and sever al new ones have come to life. As these changes take place, new organ izations and reorganizations must be made—therefore the growing pains. Just recently, we have installed the cafeteria plan of feeding at the- hotel, and now Walter Conlin has been put in charge, in order to systematize the work and create new equipment and ways of making it as efficient as pos sible. Now comes the change at our school. We are trying to get teachers enough on our staff to have a teacher for "each subject; and this week- great progress has been made. In fact, the school is now better organized than it has ever been before. Yet we want it better. We are after more teachers, and we fqel sure they will come. Some day we will let the world know our Llano school by its products. H. Buck, McDonald, Wooster, Mrs. Lindsey, Mrs Sutherland—these are the regular teachers; and Mrs. Conlin will teach Domestic Science* andComrade Jaques' is teaching Mechanical Drawing. - The industrial work will be taught by the different workmen. Myrtle Kemp an3 Mrs. Hendricks, with some of the lar ger school pupils, are holding the fort at the kindergarten. H Bell is now being rushed at the store. Calls for Xmas crates to be packed and shipped —Mrs. Gaddis half aday at the school —Joe Gaddis helping at the syrup making—these conditions leave Harry a busy boy. Conlin is using Mrs. San ders and Daddy Bell as much as pos sible in assisting with making peanut butter. The bakers: W. Ewell, Carl Hansen, and C. Mifler, keep their end of the store well-warmed up; and, with Comrade Sutherland at the head of the Farmers' Exchange, a large busi ness is being handled. In fact, th^ lar gest we have ever had, Our/ building program is a big one, and we need oklahoma to follow north dakota's lead (By The Federated Press) Oklahoma City. — The state of Ok Jahcma may acquire a $400,000 mill and elevator to form a nucleus about which the state mill system pledged by the victorious farmer-labor movement is to be-built. When state banks were failing by wholesale during the past two years, due to the looting of the state guaran ty fund by public and bank officials, a big mill at Guthrie came into the hands of the Oklahoma banking board as one of the assets of the Guthrie State bank. The former owner now seeks to buy it back for $25,000. League officials are bending every ef fort to stave off the sale until the com ing -session of the legislature, when the state can pay the bank a fair value for the mill and still save a great sum which, would be necessary to install a new plant. did useful workers buy and enjoy them? - (By The Federated Press) St. Louis. — The first shipment this winter of Florida strawberries to arrive in St. Louis sold at retail for $1.75 a quart. They were received by a locr.l .commission merchant and sold whole sale for $1.35. The retailers passed them on to tne consumer for $1.75 a quart. babson issues warning Washington.— Pointing out that the prcsper.ty of the country depends upon the purchasing power of its pay rolls, Roger W. Babson, Boston economist yesterday warned against wage reduc tion. He was addressing a meeting of Washington business men. more brick men and teamsters to carry it on as we should like it to be. The new machinery building is gaining ev; ery day, and we look forward to the new homes, gew school building, new hotel, new cold storage plant, and a new store. Gee! i must quit that, or I shall be accused of dreaming. A car of sweet potatoes Ts loaded and ready to move to Boise, Idaho. We are exchanging the sweets for à car of Irish spuds. Now for a car of wheat, for which we can send rice, and we shall be fixed for some months to come. Comrade Steadman, of Wyo ming, signed up to-day & si member atid will go to work at once. He said he did not come to look around; he came to jois^and help carry on our cc-operative work. That's the spirit! Mey be he won't like everything and everybody here ; but he has all of cap italism he wants and has cast his lot with us to help bring about a better stfeial system. That's the real spirit. With it, we can't help but win. To nigh*. the "Man Power" class met as usual at the club house. After week, Wednesday evening will be de v °ted to music, orchestra, and -band, from 7 to 9 p.m. * * * * Thursday, Dec 14. — To-day starts off like a summer day. The cold sn^pj has passed and one looks with disap pointment at the trees that have shed their leaves; because it seems unnatur nl for such a day not to be accompan ied with fresh green twigs and leaves. Two teams are clearing away at the brick yard and we hope to be refilling the kiln in a few days. Tre brick ma sons are putting the brick in the wall about as fast as the boys haul them from the kiln; so-a rush job must be staged to get ahead with enough brick to get the new kiln burned without holding uo the masons. The print shop has finished the Xmas .number of the Vernon Parish Democrat, and it will go into the mail this a.m. It is (Continued on page 8) be careful what you say In speaking of a person's faults. Pray don't forget your own; Remember those with-' homes of glass Should never throw, a stone. If we have nothing else to do lhan talk of those who sin, 'Tis better to commence at Home And from that point begin. ' We have no right to judg» a man Until he's fairly tried; Should we net like his company, We know the world is wide. Some may have faults—and who has not The old as well as young? Perhaps we may, for aught we know, Have fifty to their one. ( I'll tell you of a better plan— And find it works full well—: To try my own defects to cure Ere' others' faults I tell; And though I sometimes hope to be No Worse than some I know, My own shortcomings bid me let 1 he foults of others go. Then let us all, when we begin To slander friend or foe. Think of the harm one word may do To those we little know. - Remember,"curses, sometimes, Like little chickens, "roost at home." Dcn't speak of others' faults until We have none of our own. , v 5—Unknown. FRUIT clubs make encouraging reports grown The agricultural class held a very interesting meeting on Friday night, December 15. Comrade George D. Coleman reported the arrival cf and planting of a lot of fine blueberry plants. It is a special variety suited to the South, and it is successfully Florida and Jexas, They were planted in a highly favorable lo cation. Well-watered and securely fenced against roaming stock. A supply of two-year old large English black mulberry trees is alto on the way and will be planted on arrival. Comrade Jones made a very inter esting report of an orchard location near the Ford ranch. The ground is very diverse in character of soil phys ics and offers an ideal spot for many different varieties of fruit and berries. a number of acres have been cleared of stumps and are ready for all kinds of young trees, cuttings and plants of the berry type, grape vines, etc. If you are a lover of fruit, send in your contribution and help us to secure a large supply of them for you when you come to make your home ^t the col ony. Comrade Darth reported that a two acre pjpt for a vineyard has been cleared by the grape club and they this,are now desirous of getting a supply j useful in their line. A lot of grape cuttings have been received from our (Mother Blair from the State of Wash' lington, for which we are very grate ,ful. but a great deal more are needed, Some two acres of strawberries have -'been set out and Comrade Howard Buck and Comrade Frank Cotton feel highly elated. The hour of meeting was changed to be from 7 to 8 o'clock. john rohner likes colony Mr. John Rohner, from Alabama, who visited the Colony a few weeks ago, writes after getting home that the Colony just suits him to "a dct, and he is coming back to make his home in Newllano just as spon as he can ar range his affairs to come. He is con vinced that in a few years this co-Op erative Colony will be the best home town and the .most enjoyable commun in the winter weather for christmas time The weatherman at Newllano is a northerner, and consequently he can not imagine that Christmas can be car ried on with fairly warm wea'her. So what does he do but catch the tail end of a zephyr fron> the far north and drag it down to the highlands of Louis iana to give natives and visitors as near an approach to Christmas wea ther back home as the circumstances would permit? Read it for yourself, however, and see what a mess he made of it; Dec. 12—max. 61, min. 50 Dec. 13—max. 54, min. 40 Dec. 14—max. 81, min. 4Q^ > Dec. 15—max. 74, min. 62 Dec. 16—max. 76, min. 47 Dec. 17—max. 74, min. 47 Dec. 18—max. 57, min. 38 Average Max. for week, 68,01. Average Min. for week, 46.02. .97 inch of rainfall was recorded on the 12th, .30 inch on the 17th, and .10 inch on the I8thh—1.37 inches in all. Indications.—It seems as if the week will be one of cold rains with alternat ing sunshine—but mostly cold. interesting pictures at ~ the elano theater Thanks to the courtesy of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, thre'e inter esting films were shown at the Llano Theater on Sunday night, December 17» The first picture was of the Bird Refuge in the Gulf of Mexico, estab lished, maintained, and protected by the government. The second shewed prize dairy stock and gave us the first opportunity of seeing some of the fin est cows and gentlemen bovines that ever has been our good fortune to be hold. The third films illustrated the manner of poiscning the boll weevil pest. Pictures were very interesting and highly instructive. Thanks. Boost Universal Co-operation bv getting subsciibers for The Llano Col THAT HQLIDAY &FT—Why not send vour friends a crate of Llano Pure Foods? Order yours now and avoid the rush later. Llano Pure Food Dept. HiiiimnmiinmtniimiHiHminmm^ Ohe Man of Ohe Hour fillllllllllllllltHllllllllllllltlllllllllllltl V, cane pulp as by-product now utilized by colony Cane pulp, the pressed stalks of the sugar cane, are not usually of any val ue. They are somewhat tough, have no food value, and are to some ex tent a nuisance to "get rid of. But a use has been found 'for them here. The fertilizer plant, using the Cole man s process, is putting them in and making compost of them. If used directly on the ground it would be months before they would rot, add meanwhile they would be a handicap in working the land. But In the compost tanks they are quickly reduced to fertilizer when put through the proper process. It means that the humus which these stalks wili make is restored to the land, making it more productive. The fertility and productiveness of the garden has been vastly enhanced by compost from the pits, and the use of the pressed cane will augment the supply materially. canadian farmers lead in . co-operative production as A co-operative that handles 40 per cent of the wheat raised in three pro vinces and does an" annual business of $100,000,000 in its marketing, ware i « I* . «jMvv.vwin us manceting, ware house, and livestock departments, is the remarkable record achieved during the past year by the United Grain Grow ers, Ltd., of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, after only five years of organization. The United Grain Grow ers is the largest and most successful co-operative achievement of the farm ers of Canada, says the Ail-American Co-operative Commission. Organized in 1917, the big farmers' co-operative has marketed during its brief lifetime nearly 400,000,000 bushels of wheat, and has extended its activities into many of the most impprtant branches of productive co-operation. In the three wheat-raising provinces -it owns or leases 341 levators, as well as two large terminal elevators with capacities of 2,500,000 and 600,000 bushels re spectively. Seven subsidiary producers' co-op eratives have been organized by the United Grain Growers to take care for the numerous' economic interests of agriculture. A sawmill co-operative last year cut 15,000,000 feet of lumber, whjch meant a saving of many thou sands of dollars to the members. An insurance department covers fire and hail insurance in co-operation wjth oth er mutual insurance companies. A land commission agency has been or ganized to bring the buyers and sell ers of farm lands together. A co-op erative printing shop publishes the weekly paper which goes to all co-op erative members and has become so ef ficient and successful that it now does the fourth largest job printing business in Winnipeg. The Grain Growers hâve have also organized a livestock co operative. with offices in Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, and Moose Jaw, where expert salesmen are employed to handle mqjre than five thousand cars of livestock annually for the farmers on a no-profit basis co-operative creamery has a thousand patrons One of the largest co-operative creamery organizations in the United States, with 1000 patrons scattered ov er a territory that is fifty miles wide by one hundred miles" long, is the achievement of the Danish Creamery Association in Fresno, California, ot ganized in 1895. Twenty-five trucks are required to haul the cream to the two plants. More than 8,000 pounds of butter are made daily, on which the co-operators realize $30,000 a year in profits which they divide up according to good co-operative principles. The Danish Creamery Association, in co-operation with six other co-oper ative creameries, .has established a cen tral selling agency in Los Angeles. Dur ing 1921 it sold 6,850,000 pounds of butter for over $3,600,000. This was an increase of 10 per cent in the quan tity handled in 1920, and made possi ble a decrease in the cost of selling from 1.8c a pound to 1.5c in 1921. From one end of the country to the other, from New York to California, such producers' organizations as the New York Dairymen's League cc -op erative Association and the Danish Creamery Association of Fresno, Calif., are making remarkable strides in eman cipating the consumers of the country from the exploitations of profit-making middlemen and in winning for the pro ducers a fairer return for their labor. business recognized mexico (By The Federated Press) Washington — "American business men have already recognized Mexico and the administration of President Obregon. We are now waiting for the state department to do the same." That statement is made by,Dr. Chas. J. Owens, chairman_of the American tra'de commission which has completed a long and comprehensive tour of in spection through the industrial region» of Mexico. indiana miners won (By The Federated Prêt») Terre Haute, Ind. — Indiana coal operators as an organization have sur rendered to the miners and there will be no coal strike to enforce the. check off this month. Formal action with drawing their refusal to deduct a $4 .— ° -—— — w a ■v-t j lnterna . t ' 0 t na l "mon assessment from the 1 DSV of m*ir fmnlnira? i»n« c , . « «iviu | Pay the » r employes was ta ken. A WOMEN'S CONGRESS (By . The Federated Press) Washington. — The women's con ference on industrial problems, to be held in Washington, Jan. 11-13, pro mises to be a virtual congress of wo men, representing all groups and call ings throughout the country, according to the woman's bureau, U. S. depart ment of labor, through which the call for a conference was issued to nearly 100 national organizations. strike called off* (By The Federated Press) Groveland, Cal. — The strike at the Hetch Hetchy irrigation plant has been called off by the I. W. W„ and the men hav t e returned to work. This action has been taken in order to concentrate greater strength on the big strike at the Southern California Edison Co.» construction camp at Big Creek, Fres no county. PERSECUTION RAMPANT (By The Federated Pres») Sacramento, Cal. —- During Janu ary and February, criminal syndical ism trials will be held here of 28 mem bers of the I. W. W. They include the 10 arrested at the Casdoxf and Fisey trial, who have already had two trials resulting in a disagreement. AMERICAN WORKERS HOME CONVENIENCES * (By The Federated Pre**) Oakland, Cal. — Forty families of maintenance of way men are living at the city limits m 20 box-cars, two fam ilies to a car, 5 ' "