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pretended assistance of farmers a camouflage to gouge* government (By Fhe Federated Press) Washington.—How the war finance corporation conspired with the bank . . . ... , j £ j .l ers m big western cities to defraud government of hundreds of millions of dollars, while pretending tc assist the farmer, was told to the senate agricul tural committee Dec. 12, by John F. Sinclair, Minneapolis. The witness, who is president of the John F* Sinclair banking corporation, appeared in Washington as spokesman for 310 small bankers in the farming districts of Minnesota, Ncrth and South Dakota and Montana. When the se nate authorized the war finance cor poration to assist the farmer, he sai , it was urgeçl and generally believedj that the man who tills the soil would derive some benefit. « a "This was the process, he "was the small town banker who ha loaned money direct to the farmer. B was the city banker who took the far mer's paper from the little banker. When* the bottom fell out of farm prices, farmers were going bankrupt and the federal reserve board under Governor Harding refused to make] more loans, it looked for a while as if the village banker and the city banker 1,1.1 cc -1 ... m would both suffer along with the far iner who could not pay. "Then came the big swindle. It was iiii i , c decided that the war finance corp ° ra " tion should step m and save the day. | But no money went direct to «te tar j mer. The city bankar, B, said to the little banker, 'You owe us $40,00° and you got to pay.' The little banker asked how he should pay. 'Very simple,' explained the big banker. 'You liave some securities; turn them over to the war finance corporation, and on our recommendation the war finance corporation will advance you $40,000, if you promise to use that money to re pay us.* " "In four northwestern states," Sin clair announced, "the war finance corporation gave the little banker loans of $60,000,000 on condition that they would use it to pay their debts to the big city bankers. - The farmer got none of it ; he owes more today than he evejr owed. All that happened was that the U. S. government now holds the worthless farm paper unloaded up on it by the city bankers of the west." According to Sinclair, farm mort gages in the four states he. speaks for have increased from $169,000,000 in 1910 to $530,000,000 in 1920. Taxes paid by farmers in that region have increased from $99,000,000 to $206,000,000 in the same period. Short-time loans raised by the far mers at high interest have swelled from Seven Hundred Million dollars to One Billion, Two Hundred Thousand dollars in that time. "Consider this staggering load of pre sent obligations," Sinclair told the com mittee, and you will see that what the farmer needs is not more credit. His land and labor won't pay for what he already owes; why give him more credit ? "The farmer needs and must have a bigger price for his commodity. Prices must be stabilized at a decent level. We are here to urge the passage of some law like the Christopherson bill, which empowers the government to purchase in advance the estimated sur plus of non-perishable products (to resell them at leisure at the best price) and shield the farmer from speculative raids." The Norris and Ladd bills contain stabilizing features which Sinclair in dorsed. the king can do no wrong (By Die Federated Press) Scranton, Pa.r—A 20 years' fight by the people of the anthracite region has been defeated by the decision cf the U. S. Supreme court declaring un constitutional the Pennsylvania law forbidding the mining of anthracite coal in such a way as to cause a cave in of the surface of the ground. The law was enacted last year. Under the supreme court decision, coal companies can—and of course will—continue their policy of reckless mining which has ruined millions of dollars worth of property and endan gered many lives during the last 20 or 25 years. THE SHAME OF CALIFORNIA (By The Federated Press) Oakland. — There are 75,000 illit erate persons in California, 25,000 of them native born, according to statis tics compiled by Superior Judge Lin cola S. Church of this city. english labor party gains (By The Federated Press) London.—The new Labor party made a* vigorous start in the house of _ . r . , , commons. On the very f.rst day of lhe , new r s r essi ™- iabör : now recognized as the official opposition led by Kam thej^ MacdonaIdj ^ j R c , ynes as deputy leader, made a fine attack on the whole policy of "tranquility," on which the Conservative party got re turned to power. farm-labor governor for popular inauguration (By The Federated Press) Oklahoma City. — Two thousand farmers are expected to gather here /Jan. 8, from all ever Oklahoma to dis (cuss agricultura ] measU res with Gov., Walton, who was elected for the com-l ; term by the Farmer .Labor Recon-! stn|clion , eague on the Democratic tick et " Walton has invited all Oklaho-| ma locals of the Farm-Labor union, ^ a g r j cu ]t ura ] organization of the southwest, to send delegates. Individu als have also been issued invitations. greedy taxicab companies responsible for death toll (By The Federated Press) Jjß] toll from street accidents m this, the largest city in the world, is a the greed of the taxicab companies whose chauffeurs are compelled to'. k cn a commiss j on basis, or on ex | ^ ^ ^ fae pieced out by tips _ William F. Kehoe, and La b or to the members of the board cf esti mate and the board of aldermen, urg-i^ es regulations to do away with this con dition, and the revocation of the oper result of| a ^7 to Mayor"Hylan7nd ating licenses of the companies which fail to obey. THE UNIVERSALITY OF GOOD will (By The bederated Press) Washington. — Love for all, regard less of sect or social status, was the keynote of an address by Archbishop Michael J. Cùrley before the Catholic charities organizations here this week. "Love the Jews, love the Protestants and love those or your own raitn, he declared. "This has! been my program m 'he past, and I am asking you mèn iff Washington to take it up and carry Speaking of the poor and needy,' the archbishop said: "Nowhere in the 1 world is there more inequality in the distribution of worldly goods. Vast wealth is in the hands of the few, and a small proportion is in the hands of the ma«iy. It leaves us with many to care for, many who are poor and need our help. I ask you to be good to 'he poor of all sects." malt syrup in disfavor with organized workers (By The Federated Press) Chicago. — Union bakers asked to remember that the malt syrup manu factured by the Pabst Brewing Co., of Milwaukee, is made under non-union conditions, the company being at outs with the International Union of Brew ery, Flour, Cereal, and Soft-Drink Workers. "This malt lyrup is being principally sold to bakery proprietors," declares the official organ of the Bakery and Confectionery Workers union, and being an unfair product it ought to be avoided by our members as much as possible. what usury does (By The Federated Press) Sydney, New South Wales.—An an alysis of the private wealth of the Au stralian people, based on the r eturn made by all adult mâles and females, shows the folloying results: 359,724 persons possessed nothing 925,461 persons averaged $150 314,514 persons averaged $800 374,108 persons averaged $2,500 203,125 persons averaged $13,035 13,718 persons averaged $9^!,465 997 persons averaged $338,575 466 persons averaged $988,465 Thus 4% cf the people possess 60% of the wealth, and 96% possess- only 40%. Over 15% of the people have nothing at all save the weekly wages they earn. ' IT IS WORTH YOUR WHILE to study our Pure Food Ads. and get a sample crate for your use. It your health is worth anything, you should eat pure foods.—Llano Pure Foods Dept. an egyptian hegira from x profiteering commercialism (By The Federated Press) Cleveland. — Action to resist the high cost of living is laying the founda tion for a permanent cooperative move ment in Egypt, according to the All-! American Co-operative commission. In 1919, when profiteering merchants raised their prices to impossible levels, native students began to copy the Brit ish co-operative systems. Since that time, the movement has spread throu ... , . W !. ac out Esypt, and is now composed of ■ .• -,i . , i • t o"j fnnnnn f * L T °c $2 '" 3Uy,UUU and a membership or more than 345,000. The center of this Egyptian move ment is the pioneer store at Damietta, which has been so successful that it all borrowed capital with î n t J hr . ee y , ears ' meanwhile proyid .i'ng ^od for the people at prices they Can constitutional convention for oklahoma vanguard (By The Federated Press) Oklahoma City. — Demand for- a (constitutional convention to be called (in Oklahoma before Nov. 1, 1923, was ' ■ 1 I a. 1 • , s • * r ivoiced by the legislative committee of '»L r I L 1 £ D Farmer-Labor League of Reccn jstruction and seconded by the demand | f al r . f , 1 . c 11U |\ention at McAlester, Okla. The taxation program of the league . , . . .«»volves abolishing the advalorem tax and substitution of a tax on the gros.sj ""IP* 8 of corporations, similar to the | (California_tax statute. This can be ac only by constitutional j amendment. It is planned to distrib te ^* e lax to school districts accord to population, instead of to coun of the Fa ™: Lal ? or state 'con-! vention at McAlester, Okla. | com P ! ; sheci lies in proportion to their wealth. A constitutional change will also be necessary in order to have an adequate workmen's compensation law on the Ohio plan. ^^"Dj^ct'Tio. ' 1*7."U M. W. A., WHO IS THY NEIGHBOR? (By The Federated Press} Charleston, W. Va. — Families of evicted union miners are living in tents without flooring in some of the tent colonies of Cabin Creek, Coal River, and Elkins fields. Frank Keeney, près has called on all locals to pay up their assessments promptly sq that the un ion may provide so far as possible for jts evicted members Continuing- its appeal to the public to come to the aid of the miner fami lies, The West Virginia Federationist caustically says: "Donations both stupendous and small are being freely made for insti tutions of a religious, educational and benevolent character, funds 4 foodfr, and clothing are being sent to the unfor tunate of many foreign climes, but ne ver a word or a whisper have we heard from those in charge of these social uplift drives anent the suffering and the misery of the several thousand lit tle children who are living in flimsy and flcorless tents in the Cabin Creek, Coal River, and Elkins coal fields of West Virginia." got under barrow's skin (By The Federated Press) Berkeley, Cal. —- President Barrows, of the University of California, has shown that criticism of the university and of himself hit the mark. He has expelled Roy Chanslor, editor of The Laughing Horse, a campus satirical magazine. Chanslor was within six months of graduation when expelled. court helps poor bankers (By The Federated Press) New York. — The court cf appeals of New York state has held illegal a tax from which the city of New York derived a revenue of $5,000,000 a year. The tax on incomtes of heads of families earning $2000 a year? Hardly. ! The tax which the New York court has nullified is a tax of 1 per cent levied on the stocks of national banks. The feel greatly relieved because this much of the city's taic burden will have to be shifted to the taxpayers in general. a judicial frame of mind (By The Federated Press) Stockton, Cal. — "If you don't stop talking I'll come down from the bench and give you a good beating." With these calmly judicial words. Judge W. G. Atherton, formerly an army captain, addressed J. Lyon, arrested as a vag rant and accused of membership in the I. W. W. Lyons was protesting against i the injustice of his arrest. is it no crime to kill union miners? | ( By Tfce Federated Press) ( Wellsburg, W. Va. —Two to 10 years is the sentence facing Peter Rad skovitch as a result of the verdict of guilly of cons P' rac y returned by the jury against him Dec. 6. He was the second union-'mmer to be tried in the Ciiftonvill cases covering the mine bat Cliftcnville cases in which Sheriff H H Duvall and six union miners we're killed. Over 200 miners were arrested but no arrests for the deaths of their 26'j_ c u f i • -n comrades, shot by the sheriff s forces, have been made juries refuse to convict; , judge dismisses cases (By The Federated Press) Oakland, Cal. —On motion of Dis trict Attorney Ezra Decoto, charges have been dismissed by Judge Samuels against J..H. Dolsen, J. E. Snyder, J. G. Reed, C. A. Tobey, Sr., and J. A. Ragsdale. The defendants, members of the now defunct Communist L^bor party, were recently tried en bloc for criminal syndicalism, and the prosecu tion-picked jury disagreed, standing n'u^VT '"' "TT" Uolsen had previously been tried u i • • arately, with hung juries Charges sti „ stand ® e ul • d • i omith, now in Russia, and against C. ting communist literature. against Edric B. A _ ^ j cha ; d ; L;„„ • ' T circula BAVARIAN REACTIONARIES . workers aroused against | (By The Federated Press) Munich, Germany.—The workers of Bavaria are up in arms against the government for permitting conservative and reactionary organizations to hold meetings and propagate their faith in violation of the federal laws. They have sent an appeal to their fellow workers in other parts of Germany -to supnort them in their protest. One of the buildings that is now be'ng guarded night and day by work ers' guards is the plant of the Muen chèner Post, the leading socialist news paper of Germany. There is said to be a plan on foot to raid and plunder the building in much the same manner as workers' newspaper headquarters were wrecked by the Fascisti of Italy. a follower of rooseveltism /By The Federated Press) New York.—Mrs. Dora Margowski, 36 years old, is- the /mother of 22 chii dren. Her husband left her four years ago. She earns $8 a week. She arrested because her daughter, Leah, 15 years of age, didn't go to school, The magistrate scolded her, and then asked her what she had to say. 'It's pretty hard to watch all the children when you^have 22," she re plied. The magistrate looked surpris ed. She went on: 'When they were all home Ï often brought home 18 loaves of bread at night, and that was all we had to eat. Now some of the children are dead. Hebrew societies have five of them." The magistrate reflected, then his face brightened. tence. '*Your children must attend school," he said impressively, "but I wish Col. Roosevelt was alive to give you a med al." He suspended 'sen united they'll win; divided be knoçked out (By The ' Federated Press! St.* Louis.—A new and solidified lineup of organized labor in this city is seen in a joint conference board per fected by the St. Louis Central Trades and® Labor union and the Building Trades council. The joint body is com posed of the president and the secre tary of each of the two central bod ies. The new organization will, its sponsors point out, weld the organized [wage earners of St. Louis together for ! joint action in matters that effect their mutual interest. This get-together move eliminaes a gap which for some years has existed between the two fed erated organizations o'f St. Louis labor. "This is the first step to remove the friction which has existed for some years between these two central bod ies," says Thorfias McNamara, presi dent, Building Trades council. "La bor will insist on receiving what it is entitled to. For these reasons, and with such a program, the conference board is organized." , women jubilant Washington. — Leaders of the Na tional Woman's party here are jubilant i over the Wisconsin supreme court de cision upholding the state's equal rights law. jobs and foreign markets (By The Federated Press) At the end of November, there were approximately 1,400,000 registered unemployed among the industrial po pulation of England. This represents a considerable increase during the month. Announcement h^s- been made that unemployment will be considered the principal domestic problem before the new parliament. national unemployment league organized in new york city (By The Federated Press) New York. — To advance human welfare "by endeavoring to assure to every man and'woman, chiefly through the inauguration of public works by federal, state, and municipal govern ments when necessary in times of in dustrial depression, the opportunity for employment," the National Unem ployment League, Inc., has been o ganized here. The organization call was signed by 100 men and women in church, labor, social welfare^ and ju-! P"jand of Washington. . , ncunces, will be by legislation, the use| operation public works, the league an "ounces, will be by legislation, t) G f t h e po ], ce power> t ] ie r i g ht cf ernin ent domain and taxation. Neither bonded indebtedness, says a statement of the leagues purposes, for snort> terms nor taxation for such sorely needed public improvements, would be felt by a people given the assurance cf permanent employment. 100 % PROFITEERING PATRIOTS IMPORT STRIKE BREAKERS (By The Federated Press) New York. — The importation of strike breakers from Europe by the Le high Valley read and the New York, New Haven and Hartford, will be in vestigated by the U. S. department of labor, according to a letter received here from Secy. Davis to David Wil liams, secretary of the striking shop crafts committee. monotony of industry causes over-fatigue (By The Federated Press) Washington.—Shorter working hours . t0 counteract the over-fatigue of body ar| d dullness of mind resulting from the monotony of many of the indus wastries in which women are employed, 'are advocated in a radio broadcasted j'y thë woman's bureau, U. S. depart ment of labor, u. s. senator james couzens (By The Federated Press^ Detroit. — James Couzens, who re signed as mayor of Detroit to accept the seat in the senate left vacant by the resignation of Truman H. Newberry, is one of the most uncertain strangers to appear in Washington since the stan dard political parties became clubs for the leading lawyers. He has had no legislative experience. In his executive experience as mayor of Detroit he enjoyed the free hand of a popular dictator, riding into ofice on a new constitution and a non-partisan ballet. His experience in organizing the street railway department, follow ing the purchase of- the traction lines, made him a confirmed proponent of government ownership of public util ities, at least on a municipal scale. wilson responsible for invasion of siberia (By The Federated Press) Tokio. — The United States, under President Wilson, is blamed for the be ginning of the disastrous Siberian ad venture from which Japan has now ignomirfiousiy withdrawn. An American-owned and edited news paper, The Japan Advertiser, makes the charge in an editorial entitled Vlad ivostok Russian Again. -officials violate state law \6y The Federated Press) * Los Angeles. — Eighteen members of the I. W. W. have been arrested here and given sentences of 50 days apiece because they picketed employ ment agencies to inform prospective workers of the strike at the Southern California Edison Co. construction camp. The state law requires that strike conditions be mentioned; but the authorities refuse to recognize the existence of the strike because it is called by the I. W. W. premier jan smuts and savage repression! (By The Federated Press) Johannesburg, So. Africa. — Peti tions for amnesty bearing 35,000 sig- natures and asking for the release of strikers now in prison and the dropping of all charges growing out of the" ris ing of last spring have been presented to- the governor-general of South Afri ca. The petitions read in part: "Arising out of the recent industrial trouble . on the Witwatersrand, large numbers of citizens, British and Dutch,, including a large proportion of return ed soldiers, have been tried and are still awaiting trial in magisterial courts as well as in the special treason court appointed by your excellency and be ing held at Johannesburg. "The sentences passed and the con tinuance of these trials are preventing; an assuagement of the bitter feeling •which culminated in the recent indus trial trouble and which is still in exist ence. "Vcur petitioners believe that a re- IhT'senTenc^pasVd "and the declaration of' a general amnesty for ,w,i,i„ g ,„,1 i„ co„„ e ci,o„ ; with the recent industrial troyble wouldf jtoad to allay the bitter feeling which exists and would help to establish pea d happiness jn the Union of 'South Africa.' p rince Arthur of Ccnnaught, the governor . general , agreed to rece ; ve the petition8 after p rem ; er Jan Sn)Uts ha<r >efused tQ haye anyth; tQ do ^ lhem _ Smuts js conducti thg ga repression which set in after airplanes had bombed , he ^ councjf ha „ an( j compeiied the stnkers t0 surrender. ITALIAN REFORM (By The Federated Press) Rome. — The Mussolini regime has^ decided to make an assessment dit workers wages. Telephone services are to be handed over to private en^ terpnses. Mussolini has guaranteed^ that socialist and communist deputies who were banished from their constit uencies shall be reinstated. While' the government has not definitely sup pressed the communist papers, their* fuilher issue has been prevented "iir. present circumstances." emasculate ship subsidy bill (By The Federated Press) Washington. — If it consents to pay the price the Harding administration' can probably jam the mutilated ship subsidy bill through the lame duck sen-^ ate.now in session. The price it must pay is a special session of the new con- gress, to be called immediately after March 4. But a special session of the new con^ gress is, above all things, what the Harding administration does not want. Moreover, the subsidy bill as amended in the house is no longer worth fight--» ing for m the minds of its intended beneficiaries. * fur workers win (By The Federated Press) New York. — Following a four weeks strike in Philadelphia, conduct" ed by the International Fur Workers' union, 58 members of the Fur Mfrs, Assn. have signed agreements with the union to run for two years. These establishments employ 90% of all the fur workers in Philadelphia. one big union for plutes but competition f0rî workers (By The Federated Press) St. Louis. —George White, former chairman, Democratic national com- mittee, new a spokesman of Standard öil, addressing the annual dinner of the American Petroleum Institute here, advised his fellow oil kings to "get in" to politics if you find yourselves the victims of unjust taxation and unwar ranted government interference." \i A i" president of the Stan ard Oil Co. of Texas, defended the idea of one big union of,business. Hfr spoke of the follies arising from com petition. He mentioned the needless antagonism between companies con structing pipe lines and declared that pipe lines should be built and main tained under joint ownership. Other speakers denounced the trend toward socialism. have you a friend who is in terested in real co-opera tion? see that he becomes a reader of the llano colon ist at once. order a bundle.