Newspaper Page Text
The Largest Clrrnlntlon
of nnj Xrtmiaprr In tlic
TkfiTtr titer fatl Allocate,
BEAVER, BEAVER COUNTY, OKLAHOMA TERRITORY, THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1897.
' . ,
We hfiTe purchased the franchise, namo
ami good will of the South and Wet, ami
will soon consolidate the two papers. The
South nnil West will be published long
enough to finish up wont laud office busL
tiess it hits received to date, and to fulfill
other Advertising conducts, which will taice
about tbieo weeks. All arrearages in sub
flcripllons due the South and West are pay
able at theso headquarters, and all such nr.
rcarge will be added tu (ho Hedald'h books,
in case the victim is a subscriber to both
Another Cuban general, Aguirro, was
killed last week.
The Senate lias confirmed tlto norai
uatson of Webster Davis of Kansas City
o bo Assistant Secretary of tlio interior.
Kx-Delegate Flynn nnd family havo
returned frow Washington to tlieir
homo in Guthrie. He will resttmo tho
practico of law.
Tho titlo of "No Man's Land" has
been transferred from the section now
embraced within tho boundaries of
Beaver county to the United Stales
Tho per capita wealth of the western
states is 82,230, which in nearly twice
as much as in tho northeastern and north
central states, and nearly four times that
of tho southern states.
It is stated that Dr. Zcrtucha, who
betrayed Maceo to tho Spaniards has
been arrested and is held inuommnicado.
' He should be held enchopisdamheadofF.
Tho free homes bill passed tho senate
with Callahan a thousand miles away,
l'ctbaps if ho will inovo another thousand
miles away it will get through tho
It is not advisabla to try to stick to
any fixed rule in this world. According
to the bible, Samson got iuto a jackpot
becauso ho had his hair cut, and Ab
salom's lengthy locks were tho causo of
Tho Wichita Beacon remarks that
every citizen of that city should take
pleasure in obeying tho order of the
board of health to clean up. There is
no reason why they shouldn't. They
liavo plenty of water thero now, and
they don't uso it for any other purpose
Thobccr and tea tax is ,n complcto
confession that a protective tariff will
not yield sufficient revenues, Wichita
Tho beer and lea tax wasn't put on
for protection. It was levied to get rid
of tho deficit mado by the Beacon's
' kind of pcoplo.
Most of tho people of tho southwest
who claim to bo free traders aro work jog
tooth and nail to get a high protective
tariff on hides. And that's just
what tho rest of us fellows are crying
for; wo want our hides protected,
Judge Aldcn of tho district court of
Kansas City, Kas., has rendered a deci
cion in which ho held that the new Kan
sas atitidockogo law was invalid and un
constitutional, becauso it interfered with
The report is going about that the
Guthrie Leader will chan&o its polities
and becomo tho official organ of tho
Barnes administration, The Leader was
friendly toward Barnes, although a Dem
ocratic paper, which gives color to tho
Governor Hcufrow has appointed J.
W. Turner of Oklahoma City, G. I.
Curria of Kingfisher, and W. M. Newell
of Norman, regents for the colored nor
mal und .nfiricultural university, which
was created during tho last legislature,
Tho two first named regents aro colored.
Tho Territorial .treasurer and superin
tendent of publio instruction complcto
tho fnll board of regents.
And now comes Senator Matt Quay
of Pennsylvania, tho man who has bocn
abused by populists more than any other
who haii been held up by them to
publio censuro as tho moot corrupt tool
of tho plutocrats this horriblo hater of
poor men has bow introduced a bill in
the senate which contemplates giving
employment by the general govenment
to tho needy, "when large numbera of
citizens aro thrown out of employment,"
Tho President is to be empowered to re
cruit or couscript them, "together with
all so-called tramps or idlers," in like
manner and terms as the regular infant
ry, "aud for successive periods of not
leas than six mooths nor more than three
years at a time. They bbill bo employed
by the Secretary of Wur in the construe
tiou of public works, such as lighthouse,
forts, postofitces, bridge railways, ca
nal?, telegraphs, telephones, and other
permaneut works for national utsr.'
The war betwocn Grceco and Turkey
was practically over after two weeks of
fighting. Grceco has utterly failed to
prove tho assertion that ono Greek is
equal to anywhero from three to a dozen
Turks. Tho fierce, trained soldier; of
the Sultan has in nearly every instance
played havoc with the patriotic but un
diciplincd troops of Kitig George, The
Groi'ls have repeatedly been driven
from positions which, defended with or
dinary military skill and courage, would
seem impregnable. Instead of one
Greek being equal to sovcral Turks, it
his been demonstrated that it takes a
pretty good Greek to equal one nvcrago
Turk. It was the earnest wish of all law
abiding and liberty loving pcoplo that
tho result might have been different, but
after comparing tho small, poorly armed
and untrained fighting force of the little
nation with tho magnificent, well armed
and admirably trained army of Turkey,
no fane person could think for a moment
that Hellas had any chanco of winning.
Degenerate Grceco is degenerate still, de
spite hopes nnd seeming ovidento to the
contrary. And thoy were without prop
er leaders. In this war no capable Mil
tiades came to tho front to arrango the
plan of battle, and after defeat thero was
no skillful, cautious Xenophon to con
duct tho retreat and prevent it from be
coming a total route. Tho time may bo
at hand for the dissolution of tho Ot
toman empire, but it will require more
and better fighters than Greece and the
small countries adjacent can put in the
field to do the job.
Somo years ago. when "No Man's
Land" was booming, along with tho
balance of tho west, there was a vigor
ous attempt tnado to procuro tho
building of a bridge across tho Beaver
at this point. At that time Beaver City
people spent a great deal of money and
labor in improving tho rnads through the
sand hills and across tho river bottom,
but at that time we had no county or
ganization, and there was no means of
getting anything done except through
persona cntcrpriso and donations. At
Inst, when the Strip was attached to Ok.
luhoma, many pcoplo had left here,
times wcro hard, and tho new county or
ganization was not in a condition to help
public enterprise. And so it camo about
that the project of bridging tho Beaver
and Cimarron ceased to bo agitated, and
we have gono along ever einco doing the
best wo could. But tho want of theso
bridges has worked great hardships at
times, and much inconvcnicnco every
year to tho people south of tho river and
to those living between the two rivers.
Wo aro now passing through ono of
thoso times. Sick pcoplo between the
two rivers havo suffered, and aro still
likely to suffer, because needed medical
and other aid could not reach them.
Thoso who wero short of fuel when tho
floods commenced havo been compelled
to do without Oro when it was needed.
Merchants and customers havo been
put to great inconvcnicnco because
needed supplies could not bo got across
tho streams. If tho truth could bo
known wo bolievo that it would bo found
that the loss of time and money caused
by tho present flood would prove to bo
more than it would cost to build tho
Wo believe that good bridges built on
piling could be mado across both the
Beaver and tho Cimarron at a cost not
to exceed 82,000. The townships whoso
inhabitants would uso theso bridges aro
abundantly ablo to bear a portion of tho
cost of building them; the county in
general would bo greatly benefitted, and
should bear a portion of tho cost, be
causo tho time is fast coming when
other parts of it will need bridges and
they will expect tho county to help
build them, which is right. Tho pcoplo
of Beaver and vicinity would donate
liberally of their means for this purpose.
Wo bclievo tho business men of Mcado,
Kansas, would bo willing to expend
considerable money to get these mnch
needed bridges for the great benefit
they would bo to their business.
Tho samo stato of affairs iu regard to
bridges exists at Hartlcsty and at or bo
low Benton. At thc&o three points tho
majority of tho people of tho county
cross. Abovo llardesty the immediato
need of bridges is not so great, because
up there the river is much smaller, be
ing west of the coufluenco of tho prin
cipal streams emptyiug into tho Beaver,
and out of the quicksands. In reality
tho territorial government should build
thebo bridges. But it is not likely that
anything could bo accomplished along
this lino befuro tho next general assem
bly meets, and that is too long to waU.
We all understand the necessity for
these bridges, and tko opinion is unani
mous thai they should bo built Why
net, then, put tho matter in motion, and
get action upon it in some way? If
necefsary get a meeting called to discuss
ways and means of accomplishing the
work, put it in tho hands of an enter
prising committee, get tho commission
ers interested, and wo will eucccd, by
hook ur crook.
A man should have common senso
with his patriotism,
People are never so indifferent as
when a good man runs for office.
If you think anyono is wise, it :s be
causo you don't! koow him very well.
When a man goes away from home
he has lots of fun, if you let him tell it.
A lawyer's idea of success is to win a
suit in which he knows ho is in tho
A great many pcoplo vho "get thero"
arrtvo in a hearso instead of in a band
Tho funniest things around ovcry
house are tho things called "ornaments".
Wo often wish that pcoplo would pay
less nttention to religion and more to
Here is a sure way of telling when an
engagement is broken', when the girl
takes up shorthand.
The real polite member of tho family
is tho ono who docs tho most lying
when guests arc present.
It is a great pleasure for n man to
mako a proposal of marriage; but ho
runs tho risk of being accepted. Ex.
Stafford & Albright, of Winficld,
Kansas, havo sent a gang of men to tho
Flint hills with teams, scrapers, etc., to
build dams across draws on lands which
they control. It is their intention to
mako reservoirs wherever possible for
tho purposo of storing and holding storm
waters. They say that by this means soil
washing is partially abated, tho water is
held and allowed lima to soak down
rather than run off, and last but not
least, when tho weather get hot and tho
air gets dry it will tend to incrcaso the
humidity, thus preventing hot winds and
increasing tho rainfall.
It is now claimed that tho Russian
thistle is a blessing in disguise, A re
cent writer claims that it is a saline
plant, which may bu permanent near the
sea coast, but which soon dies out in the
interior. It requires alkali to feed on,
and exhausts it from tho soil very rapid
ly. It should therefore provo ultimate
ly beneficial to alkali soils.
Tho Greeley, Colorado, Tribune, says,
excluding nine accidental deaths and six
from old age, tho death rate for 1805
was less than ono in a hundred of the
population, It cites this as evidence
that the popular idea that tbcro is great
danger to health from tho irrigation
ditches is without foundation.
The PaoiiLEii or the Guazino
Lands. Tho supervision of the grazing
lands is n subject but littlo understood,
and ono regarding which no comprehen
sive publio policy has been inaugurated.
These lands belong to tho federal gov
ernment and they servo as a free range
fur cattlo and sheep, without any provis
ion for the protection of tho grass which
gives them their sole value, or for the
protection of tho small stock grower,
who is often at the mercy of the larger
one, or even for tho protection of tbe
residents and taxpayers of a particular
state, who frequently reo their ranges
overrun with foreigh herds, and it be
comes a question of physical forco which
shall remain. This condition of affairs
is not conducivo to tbo general develop
ment of tho livo stock industry. It has
caused disscntion and Btrife, tho loss of
stock and even human life. It has re
sulted in a largo decrease in the number
of stock, and in somo localities in the
destruction of the grass, almost beyond
recovery. It has been suggested that
tho leasing of tho lands, under state
supervision, at a rental of a few cents
per aero would not only make tho stock
man secure in his pasturage, but would
provido a fund for tho carrying on of
other publio work. In order to do this,
however, it would bo necessary for con.
press to grant a certain area of the
land to tho states, cither iu peipetuity or
for a term of years. The state official
would then assume control aud tho re
sponsibility; Already somo steps have
been taken with a view of making a be
ginning on this Hue, and it should meet
with popular approval. From the be
ginning of lime tho btockman and farmer
have been at War, and this presents an
opportunity for the settlement of some
ol ibntr difficulties. Irrigation' Age
.Cffcct- or lyntc on Climate.
Elscwhcro in this issue will be found
a floating item of news stating that n
firm of land owners wii placo dams
across tho draws on their) lands in ecu
tral Kansas for thu purpose of prevent
ing soil washing, and to increase tho
humidity of the atmosphere In drouthy
times. If other land owners in tho
southwest will follow their example,
thero is little doubt that great good will
result, and tho effects of drouths bo
The writer of this has been for many
years an advocato of the storing and
holding of tho storm waters in artificial
lakes and dams iu draws,' believing not
only that it would modify tho effects of
hot winds, but also that it would bo the
cheapest and most available method of
procuring water for irrigation purposes.
Away back iu 1832 wo, with a few other
newspaper writers, advocated this sys
tem for western Kansas. At that timo
irrigation was beginning to be discussed,
and had then, as it has now, its advo
cates for providing water by damming tho
draws, and others claiming that the only
way was by utilizing tho subterranean
waters by tho uso of windmills. But
tho superlatively prosperous years of
1883, '84, '85 and '8G knocked nil
thoughts of irrigation by abrogating any
ueccssity for it, and nothing wan done in
tho way of providing waters-for irriga
tion by either damming tho draws or dig
ging wells and applying wind powen
Tho failures of "87 and '88 again
brought up tho discussion, but tho exi
traordinary crop year of '89 again put
an end to all thought of irrigation. And
then came tho year of 1800, a year of
nlmost total failuro in all tho region west
of the 98th parallel, and mighty nigh a
fuiluro east of that. Tho season of '91
was a littlo better than thu ono preced
ing it, but not enough better to give con
fidence, and something was done in the
way of preparing for irrigation. The
season of '3 was another remarkably
great crop year, and pcoplo again stopped
making preparations for irrigating.
Again in 189-1 tho wholo country 'got
hard hit by drouth and hot winds, and
an almost total fuiluro of crops. The
season of '95 was a medium one for
crops, but '96 again "knocked the
stuffin'" out of the crops, including tho
hay crop, in this whole southwest
It looks to the writer liko wo havo
certainly had lessons enough to cause us
to prepare iu prosperous crop years tu
tido over Years of failuic.
This damming of draws and formation
of artificial lakes is certainly worth u
trial. It will certainly bo of great bene
fit, oven if wo never try to raiso any
thing but cattle. We havo known sea
sons when the fiats were valueless for
pasturago because thero was r bo wat:r
there for stock. So, even if it will not
modify tho drouths, it will pay for tho
benefit of the pasture, ,
But that such a system of reservoirs
will modify tho climato wo havo evi
dence as far back as the time of Joseph,
in Kgypt, (or earlier), when a canal was
made to carry the surplus waters of tbo
Nile into n district that was shut off
from thu waters and hud been a desert.
Tho historians, Herodotus, Strubo, Mu
tianus and Pliny all tell how this artU
ficial lako, said to bo 450 miles around,
modified tho climato, tempered the arid
winds, mado that region an immense
garden spot, nnd also added immeuse
quantities of fish to tho food products.
Now if that lako did such wonders for
tho Egyptian desert, is it not reasonable
to suppose that a much larpe r surface of
water mado by damming the draws and
constructing artificial lakes would do
much more for this region which is not
half deseit? Tho matter is worth gov
ernmental investigation and trial, at
We - do - pc:.05() 8
Job Printing, i
tobaccos is "Just as
good ns Durham."
Every old smoker
Vow will find one
pon ititiuo inch
uagol jJlackweH's Durham,
liny n bng of thin cele
brated tokicco mnl jc.ul tlic
i cotillon nliirli
of vulunblc presents mid how
Stoves, Tinware, Wag-
q on HooaworK, eic.
b Tin, Sheet Iron and Capper
H Work a SDeclaltw.
Heaver county I'at
ron axe eniieclally to
ilcltiit. Don't send
to the department
Mores cast- when
ion buy goods of O.
Hnnuntrs you know
what ynu are getting,
but when M-u send
off for auythliK yon
havo no asaurancH
that yon mill get
what you sent for.
on tho Frisco, on
July 2d, 3d 4th, 1897.
It is the intention to u.nke Ibis the biggctt and beat cel
ebration erer JielJ In Bearer counljr. It will not be a local
aUalr, but people from Kansas and Texns, uud all pans of
Beaver county will be there. You can't alTord to uiiss tbls
eclebratlou, but bitch up and come.
TEflere will be
Music by tho Beaver Cornet Hand, a match
gamo of Base Ball, Tournament Italic;, a
Katno of Football, Horuo racing, Foot IUcint;,
Sack llacinic, etc. Platform Dance!
COMiMITTKK: JiKB Howaud, Calvin Gi.hnn,
)kk KnWAIUlS, Causon Wiiioiit, Coiit
ltlCICAHT. For particulars addrta
GEO. OEKLACll. 1'resMenl.
Tran&ct a General lBarttyrti hXxjinejj.
Interest paid on time deposits.
COBHKsro.viiKNTs: Nathoal Parle Bank, New York; National Bank of Com.
mcroe,Kar:3bs City; Canadian Valley Bank, Canadiad, Texas.
claim for other A
is none just
ufi ii li)
Complete Stock of ew- M
I erythlng In these Lines, S
moat complcto linn of
Clothing, Hats, Caps, f
Boots and Shoes, Furnish
To bo found west of Wichita.
LIBERAL, KANSAS. 0
I. W. KASKIK, Optima, Okla.
JOHN J.ar.ltl-AUH, (.ashler.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Filing, 1')lj I'rwf and ConCwt Teetii
niODj ukt-o USvto m'o ai
Boavob, - - Okiboina
Attorney at Law:
Will practice in all the Courts.
Attorney at Law,
HptcIKl allcMlou glytn oUie drawing
bfOcnnn Do'ngln Avtiii'iu.
ATIOIlrJKTS AT 7,AW.
tfl!'lfaclcolna1l tlieconjtiof lie lc-unr
SimUEON fjj OllHTETltlCIAri;
Calk p'rouipd'r attended, eubsf lny ur nlgtt
unAVKit, o. r.
Comfortable chairs and r6oin, uhnrp ra
zors, experienced workmen, pipu
lar price. Call at my shop,
west udo DouIwi avenue,'
when wanting an)
thing in my
Manu'ructnrer of Ladlea aud Oeati fla'a
BooU A Bnocs,
Repairing a' Specialty
Givo Me a Call.
Beaver, . . 6Wanoaill'
H. K. PERRY, Maadlc, Km.
TO oniince te', n n 't lxth hlp. Knr
mniki-rnrml umleralnrw Jn. b'Jh, run.
Itaiigu uuth Heaver ail Oiuurron rtvin.
Cross 6on lelt kMe and lill, Kr mark
crop nnil uud r.iojH) I til ear, aud unilerMl
right ear. lUnge on ISaur auil Cimarron,
i'-jT wl" Py 30O reward Xor Informall'in'
ibit will convict any pariv it punka of Mil
lug u; ttailug any cattle la (lie abovbr n l.
J. ir. McGOOL, JlfafMc, Old
Catlle brand. C-X o
brandt, II J vu led
Ido undliip Kir
uairka, ciop ttiu right,
udertplit thi lift,
llur.a tiaii'I, t, on
linage uubev cr.
m jKuM fitO rJsaaaaaBSar
L ut ' a. ,, JL.
raXuLt c a
&im. JaL ., .i.
- -' i -