Round About New York
Information and Gossip Gathered by Our Correspondent Tin Plate
Magnate Weds Stage Favorite Newspaper Man Wins Heiress
New Form of Gambling.
A STUDY OF THE EFFECT
OF INBREEDING IN PLANTS
rim . Mi.,,l,iir.yAjv.
Wb V T .SHTWT'JaSMv 7tJr TB"!
By A. D. Shamel, Physiologist In Churjto of Tobacco Breed
ing, Bureau of Plant Industry.
w v f flftmbLowraJ
HE SECURES A
"If I had mo wa-ay," said Policeman
Harney Flynn, with conviction, "lvery
wan lv th' po-lls maglsthrates lv th'
city w'u''' bo out carryln' a locust f'r
to prepa-uro thlm t'r "their Jutles on
"Locust" being a technical name for
a pollcouian'B club, tho full Import of
this remark must bo readily appaient,
and Policeman Flynn had Rood reason
Tor making It. Ills boat at tho time
lay In a district whero thero was a
most troublesome gang of hoodlums.
Among them wero some who had
passed from what may bo termed
"hoodlumlstn" to actual crime, al
though of a somewhat petty naMire
Just on the vcrgo of manhood possi
bly nuotit 18 years of ago they l'vcd
Thoy Played Tiicks on Him.
In that atmosphero of lawlessness
whero youths develop early, and thej
not only led tho younger ones In a sort
of genoral rebellion against law and
order, but they were personally guilty
of many troublesome and occasionally
rostly depredations. Naturally, the
made life a burden to Policeman Flnn
They played tricks on him, they got up
mock lights to tool him. they jeeied
at him, and finally they began to
amuse themselves by throwing scones
at him whenever they could do so with
leasonablo safety. Ho knew that they
wero responsible for tho m'nor crlmei
of which complaint was frequcntl)
made, but he lacked evidence, and It
was not until ho had nnrrowly es
caped being brained by half a bilck
that ho finally look two of tho iJng
loaders to the station.
"What's tho charge?" asked tho po
lice magistrate tho next morning.
"M-m-ni, well, they 's a bad lot, an'
they was heovln' r-rocks at me," an
bwered Policeman Flynn.
"Did they hit you?" demanded the
magistrate. And when tho policeman
admitted that he had succeeded In
dodging tho missile, tho magistrate
added: "Oh, well, hoys will bo fjoys,
&ud wo mustn't bo too hard on them.
If they 'd hit you it would be different.
"Luk at that, now," commented Po
Hcemnn Flynn. "A big chunk lv a
brick come r-rlght f'r mo head, an' 1
luck, an' that lets thlm go tree, "f
'as t'r me, I sup-pose, to ha-ave mo
head shpllt open t'r to ma-ako a case.
Oho! 't Is a flue thing, Is th' la-aw iv
th' maglsthrates. "Ha-ave yo ye-cr
head with ye?' says his honor. '1
ha-ave,' says I. 'Yo ha-ave no bus-ness
to,' cays he; an' thin he says, 'This
day-iindent ie dlscha-arged f'r th" rea
son that Officer Flynn comes into ooort
with his head on, thereby vl'latlu' th
la-aw." I'd like to ha-avo a ton lv
that la-aw f'r to thrown in th' rJvor
Yo'o got to ha-ao th' Ivldence, a
ca-art load iv It. 'T is like this: A fel
ly comes cr-ieepln' up behind a ma-an
with a knlfo In his ha-and. 'T la mo
Juty,' says I to mesilf, 't'r to nrrlst
him.' 'Walt,' says th' la-aw to me, 'f'r
he'll kill th' ma-an, an thin yo'll
ha-avo a good case Oho! 't Is a
sr-rcat thing to know th' law."
Fortunately, however, these remarks
vere not made In tho hearing or tho
court, and Policeman Flynn returned
to bis beat Naturally, his troubles
wero not lessened by his failure to se
cure a conviction, for tho gang became
bolder and more demonstrative than
ver. But tho policeman patiently
awaited his opportunity, and before
long be had tho samo two in custody
again, with what ho bolleved to be a
Rood case against them.
"T was like this," ho explained In
:ourt the following days. "Th" door Iv
th' groe'ry is open, an' th two pris'
uers Is r-runnin' awa-ay. I follies
Jilm an' shtumbles over a ham, which
"Did you seo them drop it?" asked
tho boys' lawyer.
"lv coorso not," answered Policeman
Flynn, "'but 't is not to be sup-posed
th' ham wa-alked down th' alley be lt
sllf. They 'u a lot iv fruit, too, leadln'
all th' wa-ay to whero th" byes is
J r-rounded up, an' thoy ha-avo a pocket
ful iv qha-ange taken from th' till."
"How do you know it was taken
from th' till?" demanded the lawyer,
"Because 'tis not in th' till now,"
replied Policeman Flynn.
"Oh, well," said tho Judge, at the
conclusion of the hearing, "there la
nothing to show that they are the ones
who' dropped the ham and tho fruit,
and thoy give a ory piauibU expla
nation of tho possession of so much
small change. Tho ovldonco Is purely
circumstantial, and to send them up
would bo only to start them on the.
downward path. I'll glo them anothoi
"Sta-art thlm down bo slndln' thlm
up," muttered Policeman Flynn to him
self, as ho lert the courtroom. "Oho!
't Is a hum'rous ma-an th' Judge 1j.
'T is a sha-amo ho 's not edltln a com
ic pa-apor, It Is that Sta-art thlm!
Why, t Is thlm samo la-ads that's
r-rldln a tandlm bi-slcklo on th'
down'ard p.i-ath now with th' br-rake
That night, as usual, ho told his
troubles to his wife, but ho got little
sympathy from her.
"If ye're an Injano-yus ma-an," she
said, "yo'll land thlm follieS with th'
goods on thlm. T is th only wa-ay,
an' ye're long enough on th' foorco f'r
to know It. Don't talk to mo lv th'
Judge. Ho knows what ho wa-ants, an
't Is t'r you to give It to him."
Policeman Flynn shook his head
with tho doleful air of a man who
thought tho wholo world was against
him; but he always shows best In ad
versity. In his own language, ho "wlnt
out aftlicr thlm la-ads," and ho got
them. Ho marched them Into tho sta
tion houso ono night about two weeks
later, and two more dejected specimens
of humanity never appeared tl'ere.
Ono of them was canning a mantel
clock heavy enough seriously to tax
his gtrength, and tho other Was loaded
down with brass andirons. Ono of tho
officers In tho station made a motion
to tako tho booty away from them,
but Policeman Flynn Instantly inter
fered. "L'ave thlm alone!" ho cried. "I
ha-avo thlm with th' goods on thlm,
an' I'll not l'avo thlm put th' things
down till th' maglsthrato sees thlm.
I've wn-nlkad thlm from a mile awa-ay
an' they il not be out iv me sight this
"Walked them!" cried tho sergeant
"Why didn't you call the wagon?"
" 'T w'u'd n't do," answered Police
man Flynn. "I c'u'd n't keep mo eyo
on thlm. I follled behind thlm with a
gun in mo ha-and, an' ma-arched thlm
all th' wa-ay, an' they 's no wan takes
thlm things till th' Judge sees thiin.
Oho! I ha-ave th' lvidenco this time.
I caught thlm comln' out Iv a houso
with th' goods on thlm."
"But thoy can't possibly hold thoso
things until they get into court," urged
one of the other oillcers. "It would
"M-m-m, well, I'm not poshted on
jography, but I know a bit lv io-lIs
coorts, an' I've l'arned a few things
lv lvidenco " returned Policeman
"Ale back's near broke, an' me arms
Is Tallin off," whined one of tho cul
prits. "Shtnnd up, there!" commanded Po-
"I'll Show Thim to th' Judge with
th' Goods on Thim."
Hceman Flynn. "Yo'vo been playin'
ta-ag with mo long enough. Put th'
clock on yo-er other shoulder an' fblft
ye-er fut. 'T will give yo a bit lv a
r-rest Oho! ye hnd a good laugh on
Barney Flynn f'r not beln' ablo to put
yo over twlct bofoor, but 't Is not tho
"You'll kill them, Barney," said the
sergeant "Either of thoso loads would
tire a Samson out in 10 minutes. '
"I'll show thini to th' Judge with th'
goods on thlm," persisted Policeman
Flynn, doggedly. "I'll ha-ave no more
monkey-fool in' with thlm la-ads."
"I'll draw a plcturo of them, and you
can show that to tho Judge," suggested
a policeman of artistic inclinations.
Policeman Flynn hesitated. Ho had
no desire to inflict unnecessary hard
ship on his prisoners, but ho did not
wish to take any chances. He could
not forgot that thoy had been dis
charged twice before.
"Will yo all blgn it an' shwoar t is
th' wa-ay I br-rought thlm in?" he
"We will," was the prompt reply.
And when the evldenco was produced
in court the next day It was pro
(Copyright, ISM, by Joseph B Bowles.)
(Copyright, by tho Century Co.)
Tom Wo read a good deal about
"proposing in tho moonlight," but I
don't believe lt'i the usual way, do
Dick No. I tlwaya propose In the
Aark. Detroit Free Press.
Tho object of this artlclo is to dis
cuss tho effect of Inbreeding in plants,
with special rofoienco to somo Im
portant farm crops, and to call atten
tion to tho use, as well as tho dangof,
of Inbreeding In tho production of va
rieties giving tho maximum yield and
value. Tho production of uniform
races of crops ndapted to special pur
poses is tho most Important problem
for tho practical consideration of tho
plant breeder. Tho lack of uniformity
as regards tho individual plants in tho
flolds Is responsible for a low yield of
Inferior qunllty, frequently requiring
extra oxponse In sorting out tho good
from tho poor grades. In tho caso of
corn, if every stalk boro ono well-developed
oar of uptform slzo and
weight, tho present yield per aero
would bo more than doubled and tho
value of tho crop as a wholo would bo
greatly Increased. If all of tho to
bacco plants In thp fields wero uni
formly of tho samo typo as tho best
plants, tho yield and valuo of tho to
bacco crop wcAiId be greatly Increased
and tho expenso of handling tho crop
would bo reduced, so that tho profit
to tho grower would be nt least doublo
that obtained at the present Itme. Tho
samo facts hold truo In tho caso of all
tho crops raised by farmers, and tho
ft8" '.' Jrf-v-,.'i-"-L--
i.,. ' A'jiti T. .
V. 1 erjTb -
vijxtsmrmm, !&&- . --
riT vtj jli -k.tJ.f rr - -
'" '-xciari tu rw"-ffTP-xji,- .,
m -. f Tr Clr fa. P. ..1-irBa . aCT-K Hh. . 3 f. U-. .
Inbred Compared with
most valuable and important lines of
plant breeding are those which aim to
assist tho growers In bilnging up the
averago of the crop to that of the best
Individual plants. In the case of thoso
crops which are partly or wholly natur
nlly solf-fcrtlllzed, this object can bo
moro easily attained than with those
crops which aie naturally cross-fertilized.
In the latter case, the preven
tion of too close Inbreeding Is of spe
cial Importance, and the degieo of In
breeding that can safely be practiced
without Injuriously allectlng tho fer
tility or vigor of growth of the plants,
and methods of controlling the parent
ngo of tho offspring, are matters which
must be carefully and systematically
investigated for each crop.
Thero are at least three degrees or
relationship between parents found in
cultivated plants: (1) Complete solf
feitlllzatlon; (2) combined self and
cross fertilization; and (3) complete
cross-fertilization. Self-fertilization Is
tho fertilization of tho ovule of a
ilower by Its own pollen, or by tho
pollen of a dlffoiont flower on tho J
samo plant. Less complete forms of i
inbreeding may bo grouped under two
classes: (a) Tho closing of flowers
on different plants of tho same stock
grown under tho samo conditions, ns !
the cro&slng of the flowers of two corn
imiuis r.useu irom Kernels uorno by
tho samo parent ear or related parent
ears; (b) tho crossing of flowers on
different plants of tho samo stock
grown, under different conditions.
Among the groups of plants that aro .
normally self-fertilized wo find many '
An Ear of Corn Borne by Isolated Sta
of tho most Important farm crops, as
barley, wheat, and oats. In wheat and
oats a few doubtful natural hybrids
havo been discovered and described,
but It is tho opinion of tho authorities
on theso crops that cross-fertilization
rarely takes placo under natural con
ditions. Tho anthers usually burst
open In oat flowers beforo tho glumes
open, at which tlmo tho pollon is thor
oughly distributed over tho receptive
stigma, and it Is probable that fecun
dation takes placo several hours after
tho flowers open. In tho caso of
wheat, self-pollination takes placo and
self-fertilization probably occurs
shortly beforo tho flowers open.
Tho Becond kind of fertilization In
cludes thoso plants which aro highly
self-fertile, but are cross-fertilized to a
greater or less extent by Insect aid
or other means. This group of plants
nay be divided into two classes, as (a)
thoso which nro almost wholly solf
fertilized and only occasionally cross
fertilized, and (b) those which aro
usually pi-oss-fortlllzud, but aro also
adapted for solf-fertillzatlon.
Trho third kind of fortllzallon natur
ally occurring among cultivated
plants is cross-ferllllzatlon, or tho
union of tho sexual elements belong
ing to two distinct flowers borno by
separate plants. Cross-fcrtlllzntlon is
accomplished through tho agency of
wind, wntor. Insects, or birds, and tho
vailous dolces to secure crossfortlll
zatlon exhibited by dlffoiont plants aro
most wonderful nnd Interesting, and
furnish an almost Inexhaustible field
for study and obseivatlon. Corn, or
maize, Is a good illustration of this
class of plants. Here tho plant pro
duces enormous quantities of pollen,
which Is very light nnd easily carried
long distances by tho wind. Frequent
cases 'have" been observed by tho
writer whero tho pollen of corn plants
has been carried a halt inllo whero
thero were no obstructions, but In tho
cornfield tho pollen is usually carried
only a short distance, owing to the
plnnts catching the pollen grains as
thoy drift about. The anthers borne
by the tassels of the corn plants ripen
and dischargo their pollcn,lu enormous
lj. zmAi.s-:. .
" mm J Hk? "UTS- "!... - I
wa" a vsArva-iri. . . ,
nm yi 'w u . it -v
t.-v. wfrtr zst- 7ti j v; -
v ,-; ai ... a.a".- -,--, wjiii
quantities when the plants aro shaken
by tho wind. Tho pollen of any ono
plant Is Usually discharged slightly be
fore the silks, or stigmas, of tho same
plant are ready for fertilization, so
that tho corn plant Is usually cross
fertilized. In our illustration Is shown
an ear 61 corn which was homo by an
Isolated plant and on which only a few
kernels wero developed, owing to tho
fact that tho silks wero not In condi
tion to receive the pollen fiom this
plant at tho time It was distributed
by the opening of the anthers on the
tassel. Tho long corn silks, or stlg'
mas, nre coveted with numerous stlg
matlc hairs a special adaptation to
catch floating pollen and Insuie cross
fertilization. Tho Imperfectly fertil
ized ear borne by tho Isolated plant
shows that In order to securo complete
fertilization It is necessary to grow
largo numbers of corn plants togother,
and that self-fettillzatlon does not tako
place except in a small percentage of
Other plants aro self-sterile, and
produce seeds only when cross-fertilized.
Mr. JI. B. Walto found that
many varieties of pears, such as Bart
lett and Anjou, aro largelv self-sterile,
producing few or no fruits when pol
linated only with tho pollen of tho
samo variety. Tho orchards of pears
had been found to bo unfruitful for
somo unknown cause. Waito found
that by crossing these self-sterllo va
rieties with a different horticultural
variety they wero rendered fertile.
These, like most cultivated fruits, aro
clonal varieties which aro propagated
Ik, Showing Lack of Self-Fertillzatlon.
by budding, so that tho indivldua.1
trees of a variety an) simply parts of
tho samo Individual. Thoreforo, tho
pollination of tho flowers of ono tree
by tho pollen of a different tree of tho
samo variety is truo self-fertilization.
Tho recent experiments of Walte,
Waugh, Beach and others have shown
that tho barrenness of many varieties
of plums and apples la duo to self
sterility, and that by placing among
the trees of theso varieties a few trees
budded with varletlos which havo
been determined by experiment to bo
good pollenlzers for such varieties a
simple remedy for this lack of fruit
fulness la obtained. Theso discover
ies havo been of great practical valuo
to fruit growers, as thoy havo mado
It possible to produce profitable cropa
from naturally solf-fertlle and unpro
ductive varieties by providing foi
proper cross fertilization.
v -- YV l3&gXiz&!;
m f f
acteristic secrecy ho l of used to lot any of his
friends know of his lovo for the beautiful young woman. Ilia attitude In tlw
matter recalled tho manner In which he concealed the act or his second
marriage, In 15)01, to Clnrlasc A gnaw, n chorus girl or marked beauty, "ht,
died within a year after tho ceicntony. twi 3h
Tho now Mrs. Held la about IK! years old, and was born in Detroit. Sho
la tall and statuesque, and strikingly handsome. Hor stago career has been
brief, her Aral engagement being with "A C i Iiiobo lonoymooi last .year
Sho noxt appeared In an Important rolo n Tho Hunaways and her last
engagement was with tho "West Point Cadet," which had a bhort llfo at tho
Princess theater In Now Yoik. ,,..
Mr. Hold la 48 years old, and has been married twlco beforo. With
William B. Lccda ho organized tho tlnplato trust, out or which ho mado a
HEIRESS TO WED POOR MAN.
CnnfiMnir nf wnit lllll iru roonllw tim
nouncoment of tho engagement of Miss Mnrgarot
Chanlcr, tho Astor holross, to Richard Aldrlch, of
tho edltorlnl staff of tho Tlmos. Mlsa Chanlor la
following tho lead of several other young women
or rortuno and social position In promising her
hand In marriage to a man of no means, but pos
sessed of brains. In tho pursuit of his newspaper
work Mr. Aldrlch mot and becamo acquainted with
Miss Chanlor. , ,
Tho news of tho engagement Is somewhat of
a surprise to mnny of Miss Chanter's frlcndB, who
hnd supposed that matrimony waa a thought far
remoto from tho mind of tho nctlvo young woman,
who nhvaya declared that sho was weddod to
Miss Chanlor, worth several millions In hor
ommi .lt1it n front.r?rrnt.frrnndiln.uchtnr of UlO
original John Jncob ABtor, daughtor of tho lato
John Winthrop Chanlor and sister or Mrs. John Jay Chapman, is a romarlt
ablo young woman. Sho la beautiful, tall, Blender and statoly, and lnstoart
it seeking tho frlvolltlos or tho higher society, has devoted herself to the
jvolfaro of mankind, to tho relegation of social gaycty.
At tho outbreak of hostilities between tho United Stntcs and Spain MIse
Chanlor Joined tho Hod Cross society, went to Cuba and lator established a
hospital In Ponco and nuraod tho 111 and wounded soldiers, with no ono to
help her but ono woman, Mrs. Anna Bottllgny, of Now Orleans. 1-or hor
Bervlcos Mlsa Chanlor was presented by special act of congress In January,
1899, with a gold medal. . ..,,,. i
In 1900 sho becamo tho head of tho Municipal League In this city and
devoted her tlmo and monoy to reform In politics. In August, 1900, Mlsa
Chanlor went to China to assist In the hospital relief work.
... . . a. .... i.tl.n ! It ti1 i.Kximliit Inln
No dato has ueen moniioncu ior mo wuumutf, um. l mu ihuij "
placo early In tho autumn.
CARRY BUSINESS TO LUNCHEON TABLE.
Now York men aro taiung moro nine over
their luncheons because thoy havo moro business to transact or discuss at
Lawy'ors and their clients, merchants and customors, lnstiranco agents,
tho heads or groat business corporations may bo seen in tho principal res
taurants, whoro thoy linger often for an hour or so to discuss their compli
cated affairs, In low, confidential tones.
"AUTO POKER" NEW FORM OF GAMBLING.
"Automobile poker," a now form
i ..iititio im otviioif MiIh eltv nnd
from tho sea to tho Yonkors line. Along the
avenues apptoaching tho Sheopshead Bay race
track men and boys in groups are playing "auto
mobile pokor." On Fifth avenue, Broadway, Madl
bon aventto, and all auto favored thoioughfares,
automobile poker Is Indulged In, evidencing that
tho new "bug" has taken hold, for tho time being,
The gamo Is played thus: Stationing them
selves on an auto haunted thoroughfare, the "book
maker" and tho players lay bets on tho highest
possible hand to bo found In tho next devil wagon
which may como honking along. Tho auto comes
and passes In a cloud of dust. Tho number, say.
is 11,051. Ono equals an aco, so tho hand showed
la three aces. Thoso who guessed neatest to tho
-aluo of that hand win. If tho auto number is
27,211, tho hand Is two pair, four high, in the samo way the numbor may
nsveal threo or four doucos, trays, or fours.
Tho bookmaker takes all hots on any old number, but pays ore only fo tho
holder or the highest hand. ..... .... . .,.
But tho gamo Is destined to put tho bookmakers out of business, for tho
chauffeurs and their friends aro "next," and tho gamo Is being already plugged
by them. Knowing tho numbor of their own automobile, thoy send their
friends along tho lino to got down a bet, and thon comes the automobile, tho
number prominently displayed, tho wlloy chauffeur sitting with apparent tin
cot corn at the tiller.
MOTOR BOATING BECOMING POPULAR.
appeals to tho enthusiast.
It dawns upon him that ho does not need sails at all, and before long he
Is buying motor boats, trading motor boats and dreaming or the same.
Motor boats havo several advantages over steam launches, fpr tho owner
may bo In charge of It without having to obtain a llconso as onglno drler.
There la no waiting to get, up Btoam. for a few twlats of wheels and tho turn
ing of a switch aro all tho preliminaries necessary to cutting through tho
brlnAs farmers and slowgolng folks on land aro distrustful of the automobllo
scorchor. bo are tho fishermen and tho clam diggers Inclined to look upon
tho owners of tho motor boats as encroaching upon their rlghta. They de
clare that tho odor of tho gaaollne, especially In shallow wator, and the
thrumming of tho screw and tho chug of tho engines drives away tte fish
and disturbs oven the peace of the clams In the mud. Nevertheless there
aro in tho neighborhood of the metropolis hundreds of motor boats, and their
numbor is constantly on the increase.
NEW YOriK. Another stago boauty has cap
tured tho heart of a Gotham millionaire and re
tired from tho glnro of tho footlights to the
quietude of domestic life. This tlmo It Is Misa
Mabel Carrlor, who won tho admiration of theater
goors last season In "A Chlnoso Honoymoon,"
playing a minor part. Mlsa Carrlor Is now tho
wlfo of Daniel O. Hold, ono of tho prominent
figures In Now York's financial world, tin plato
and railroad magnate, whoso wealth la estimated
at between $1!3,000,000 and $10,000,000.
No formal announcement has boon mado by
Mr. Hold of his marrlago and tho dato on which
the coremony was performed line not been mado
public, but It Is known that tho wedding took
placo co oral weeks ago.
Mr. Rcld'B uamo hns been linked with that
..r Mi. c.ivii. i. tnr tim int viwir. hut with char
Thoso who tako a casual view of the greal
restauranta In the lower part of tho city at mid
day aro likely to think that Now York business
men live In sybaritic luxury. Tho appointments
of tho tables, tho excellence or the food nnd tho
leisurely dallying over coffee and cigars which
have of lato bocomo concomitants of a luncheon
might be taken to mean that the "quick lunch"
hnblt had entirely disappeared and that men had
taken to ratlonnl ways of eating.
All of this looks well, but as a matter of fact
tho luncheon haa become a business function, as
much ns any other duty connected with office or
counting room. Over tho tables, whero napory
and silver gleam, aro discussed contracts and
deals and margliiB. Tho restaurant for tho tlmo
becomes a mart or a rendezvous, and everything
Is seasoned with shop.
Motor boat ciithiiblasta are constantly Increas
ing. Hundreds of the little crafts may be setm
skimming tho waters of tho sound and harbpr.
Thero aro so many of them now that all aquatic
sports aro undergoing a sea change.
Somo motorboatlacs got tho dlseaso by first
acquiring a catboat and others again aro pos
sessed with a mania for spocd, acquired on land
In an ordinary automobile. Few enthusiasts havo
started out deliberately to Bubmlt themselves to
this strango fascination. They begin by spending
monoy for sloops or cats and tho microbe which
fastens the motor boat habit on them solzos them
about the time they buy a small auxiliary gaso
lino engine for their sailing craft Tho sensation
of going flvo or six miles mi hour Js oxhllarating.
and when tho wind dle3 down and the canvas
finns tho snoll of going without the aid of Aeolus
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