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New Jersey Girl One. of Uncle
Sam's Youngest Scientists.
Miss Evelyn Mitchell of East Orange,
Known In Europe and America
as an Expert on Life of In
Washington. Miss Evelyn Mitchell,
one of thoNyoungest women scientists
in the United States, who Is now do
Ing Important work for tho govern
ment at tho Smithsonian Institution,
Is preparing to write u ho6k on gnats.
Miss Mitchell has already attracted
tho attention of tho scientific world
both In America and Europe by a no
table work on mosquitoes entitled,
"Mosquito Life," and Is concluding her
collection of gnats for tho purpose, of
embodying In book form her study of
Miss Mitchell, who Is under thirty
and ono of tho brightest women now
doing expert work for tho government,
Is tho daughter of Marcus Mitchell,
postmaster of East Ornnge, N, J., and
Is a graduate of Cornell university.
Sho looks less like a scientist than
could 'bo Imagined by any ono who has
nlwnyB pictured exports of this kind
as old and decidedly peculiar in dross
nnd in personality. Miss Mitchell is
full of llfo and enjoys sports thnt
every college girl does. She" never
talks "bug," but In her work at the
National museum hero sho sits sldo by
side with men who have spent years
of a long llfo In scientific research.
Tho spectacfiS" of a woman not yet
out of her twenties doing remarkablo
work for tho government is rather un
usual even at tho capital, whoro wom
en aro engaged in many nnd varied
branches of work. Miss Mitchell
came hero in 1904, and has since been
engaged In scientific work. Previous
PRESERVE FARM FENCE
POSTS FROM ROTTING
Labor of Replacing; Them and How to Secure New and
xiurablo Ones Aro Sources of Constant
Annoyunco nnd Expense.
Every farmer is familiar with tho
rotting of his fenco posts nt tho sur
faco of tho ground. Tho labor of re
placing them nnd how to Bccuro new
and durable posts aro sources of con
stant annoyance and expense. "Even
tho more durable woods such as
chestnut, white oak and cedar, decay
In eight or ten years. It Is truo that
(here aro a few kinds of woods in tho
United States, such as locust and
osagc-orango, which glvo much longer
ucrvlco, but their supply, nover very
large, Is rapidly becoming exhausted,
of inoroly coating tho outside. If tho
"brush" method, or painting, is used,
tho creosoto should be applied at a
totnperaturo of about ISO degrees P.
To coats should bo glvon at least 21
hours apart. If the posts aro dipped
directly into tho preservative, tho
crcosoto should bo heated to about
tho same temporaturo. Tho best re
sults of all can bo obtained by first
heating tho posts In a bath of hoi
creosoto and then either transferring
them quickly to n bath of creosoto at
a lower temperature, orolse shutting
Designs of Merit
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Treating Posts for Preservation.
to that she had had wide eaporienco
in tho field following her course of
btudy at Cornell. Tho circumstances
under which Miss Mitchell obtained
her education at the big collego in
Ithaca and tho determination with
which sho pursued her Interest in in
sect llfo aro moro than ordinarily interesting.
Whon Miss Mitchell was n small-!
youngster playing about her parents'
homo in EaBt Orange, sho manifested
n keen Interest In overythlm that
crawled or flow. Sho brought some
thing more than discomfort into the
household when sho Introduced all
eons of things, from spiders to bats,
and took delight in watching her cap
tives. When she was ton years old
he was sent to school, and shortly
afterward she camo across a book en
titled. "Ten Thousand Spiders," by
urt Green Wilbur, professor of physi
ology at Cornell university. This was
the first Intimation she bad that bugs
and beetles and such things were ever
made a life study, and during the re
maining years of her schooling In
East Orange she nursed the hope that
one day oho could find Mr. Wilbur
and study all about his "Ten Thou
and Spiders" with him.
Preparations had been completed by
fter father for her entrance to' Cornell
university, when reverses came and it
looked ns If tho young nature stu
dent would havo to glvo up her mbl
Hon. "he though! It out awhllo and
(hen took French leave of her family,
going to Philadelphia, whero she
asked John B. Stetson to lend her tho
money, at Interest, for her flrot year
At Cornell. The funds were forthcom
ing. Miss Mitchell went to college.
And after her first year she worked
her way through, paid back tho money
to Mr. Stetson and was appointed an
Instructor In field zoology at the Cor
nell Bummer camp.
It was about this time that Dr. J.
W. Dupree, surgeon general of Louis
iana, sont to Cornell for a "first-clans
man" f be sent to tho Louisiana
S.'ate university as field and labora
tory assistant In mosquito work. Mlsa
Mitchell was Selected us tho "man,"
And sho made good.
From Baton Rouge, La., Miss Mitch
ell came to Washington and began
her work for the government at the
Sho waB the first woman to be
pen a place on the faculty of George
Washington university, when sho was
made Instructor In zoology, Sho is ji
member of the Biological Society of
Washington, the American Associa
tion for tho Advancement of Science,
tho Entomological Society of America
and tho National Health league.
When sho came to Washington Miss
Mitchell took and still holds the placo
at the National raUBoum - made va
cant by tho death of Dr. McConnell,
who for years made the drawings of
shells for Dr. William H. Dall of the
and tho farmer must now look to
somo other source for his posts. Per
haps directly on his farm thoro may
be a patch of woods which Includes
such trees as black oak, beech, maple
or pine, and cottonwoods and willows
may grow along tho banks of his
Btreams. These aro trees which here
tofore have been thought of little or
no uso for posts, because of the rapid
lty with which they are attacked by
decay. In their natural condition, they
will rot in two or three years too
soon to pay for the labor of setting
them. The forest service In its study
of prolonging tho life of fence posts
has found cheap and simple methods
of preserving them In a sound condi
tion for an Indefinite time, even
though they aro tho poorest and nat
urally least durable woods.
Decay Is not a simple process like
the crumbling of stono or the rusting
of iron. It is caused by low forms of
plant life which thoroughly permeate
the wood, discolor it and cause It
to become disconnected nnd "rot
ten." To preserve the timber In n
thoroughly sound condition. It Is only
necessary to render the wood unfit for
tho srowth of these organisms. This
is dono by injecting into It substances
polsono'us to plant life.
Ono of the most widely used pre
servatives Is creosote, one of tho by-
products of coal tar. Whon It Is In
jected Into -tho wood, decay will bo
retarded indefinitely and an old-Hold
pine or a cottonwood fenco post when
properly treated, will easily glvo a life
of 20 years or longer. Such a preserv
ative treatment costs about ten cents
per post Tho creosoto can bo applied
by painting tho wood with a brush or
dipping it Into tho liquid, but much
better result will be obtained If it 1b
ictually Injected into tho wood Instead
off tho fc-vit nnd nllowlng tho posts to
remain In tho oil ns It cools. By such
a method, tho sapwood will becomo
thoroughly permeated with the creo-
Sho Two men whom 7 refused W
marry, sir, havo becomo mtllloaatSM
He Is tbnt tho reason why?
Died in Good Con.pany.
A clergyman, who wnB not avers
to nn occasional glass, hlrod an Irish
man to clean out his celltr. Tho Irlah
mon began his work. He brought
forMi a lot of empty whisky bottles,
an.-t as ho lifted each ono looked
through It nt tho sun. Tho preacher,
who was walking on ..toe lawn, saw
him nnd said: "Tiev o nil dead
ones Pat." "Thoy aro?" 'aid Pat.
"Well, the) ii ono good thing about
It -they all hud tho minister wltli
them when thoy wore dying." TIa
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LAWN-DRESS. Of course, this dross Is mndo up without lining In either
bodlco or skirt. Our model Is In white lawn, but colored lawn or white
spotted or printed muslin would bo equally suitable.
Tho skirt, which Is slightly full at tho waist, has a deopgathorod flounco
thnt Is trimmed with Insertion; It Is gathered nt tho top, then sot to Inner
tlon, which Is Joined to tho edge of skirt below tho threo tucks; tho top Is
gathered to a waist-band fastened at tho back..
Tho bodlco is cut to tho waist, nnd Ib Jolnod to top of sklft-bnnd; It has
a yoko of open-work embroidery outlined with insertion; tho lnwn Is tucked
threo times botweon band and yoko. Tho lawn slooves nro also tucked, tho
tight-fitting lower parts being of embroidery to -match tho yoko. Tho waist
band fastens at tho sldo under a rosette, from which hangs a knotted end
finished with tassels.
Materials required: 10 yards lawn 36 Inches wide, li yards embroidery
18 inches wide, about 8 yards insertion.
Design for Linen. Here Is a soml-prlnccss dress of linen in a soft shndo
of pink. Thj front panel, that extends tho whole length of skirt nnd bodlco,
is edged outs'de with embroidery edging nbout two inches wide; this is set
under a beading of embroidery, through which narrow ribbon Is threaded;
tho skirt is tucked twice abovo tho hem at sides and back; and tho fulness
at waist is set In tiny tucks extending ov.cr tho hips; tucks are also mndo
over tho shoulders, aud in sets of threo rouud tho 8leoTc. The fastening Is
in center back.
Hat of fancy crinoline, trimmed with ribbon and ostrich feather tips.
Materials required: for tho dress, 7 yards 42 inches wldo, 4 yards em
broidery, 4 yards insertion.
Dipping the Post.
sote. Full details and specific direc
tions for the tratment of different
kinds of posts may be obtained by ap
plication to th Forester, Washington,
There Are Certain Stages la Ma-
turlns to Cure for Storing
There aro certain stages In the ma
turing of grains when it is safo to cut
and shock in order to euro for the
storing In tho mow or stack. Tho old
rulo of cutting the wheat when the
kernel 1b in the dough is hardly appli
cable at present. It should stand un
til tho kernel has hardened, but
should bo cut while the Joints of the
stm are yet green. Bearded wheats
can stand a little longer than the bald
varieties, as thoy do not shell as read
ily, and tho beards are a protection to
n certain extent. Bald varieties of
wheat spi'out during moist weather
sooner than the bearded varieties.
Barley should bo cut at that stage
when the most of It has turned white.
If allowed to turn yellow there is dan
ger of loss, as tho heads, after they
turn down, which they do when they
turn yellow, break off very easily and
aro lost. For malting, tho barley must
be cut while It is white, nnd If It can
bv secured without any rain, It Is
considered in perfect condition,
Vhether for malting or feed, tho
whito Btage, Just before It is ripe,
Is the proper ono at which to cut bar
ley in order to get the most grain and
WAYS OF CLEANING CHIFFON.
Material Requires Care In Cleansing,
and Some Time Must Be De
voted to the Work.
Chiffon should bowashed In soap
lather by carefully rolling and press
ing between tho hands, then rinsed In
clean water and stiffened In gum wa
ter, ono tablespoonful to a quarter of
a pint of water.
Roll In a cloth to absorb somo of
the moisture, but It must not bo too
dry when It Is Ironed.
To Iron chiffon, It musf. bo placed on
tho table wrong sldo up and Ironed
ulong tho selvedge, ns Ironing across
would dlsplaco tho fibers and destroy
the nppearanco of tho delicate fabric.
When tho chiffon is being ironed it
ought to bo hold tightly up in front
of the Iron to remove crinkles that
are produced by washing and to mako
It quite even and smooth.
Chiffon ties with u natural cropon
crlukle should not be Ironed, but In
stead tho ends should be pinned out
on a table, tho tlo Just stretched
enough to permit of tho crinkles fall
ing Into their natural shape.
When dry fold It without pressing
CHIFFON FOR THE SLEEVES.
Feed nd Pasturage.
Tho horses ro mostly kopt up the
year round, fed hay In winter nnd ths fold8 ,n, air and put carefully
soiling croD8 n summer, ah tim
young cattle and dry cows aro stable
fed on soiling crops during tho sum
mer. Tho cows In milk only nro go
ing to the fields, whore Instead of be
ing turned loose they are secured by
The tethers are of ropo and chald
(tho tthnln part has a swivel on it),
nnd nro about ten feet in length, and
are fastened to a chain about the
horns. An iron pin about ten Inches
long Is driven Into tho ground with a
mallet to keep the animals In place.
These pins are pulled up and moved
a few inches or a few feet forward
two or three times a day, according to
the growth ofgrnssin front of them.
A herd of milch cows in that way will
start at ono end of a field ten feet
apart, each ona eating a swath across
tho field, when tho part first eaten
over Is ready to bo gono over again.
In thlB way a field Is gone over a
dozen times or more In a season. If
tho grass In June, as it usually does,
gets tho start of tho cows, It Is cut
into hay. The winter feed of tho
cows Is a little lock of hay night and
morning, possibly four or six pounds,
and a bushel or moro of cut mangles.
It is safe to say that 75 per cent, or
moro of a Jersey cow's feed u winter
Gives Right Touch to the Transpar
ent Materials So Popular (n
Tho fashion of wearing transparent
sleeves Ib certainly a comfortablo ono
during warm weather; henco its great
popularity, for thoso sleeves cover
overy type of arm Imaginable arms
so fat they rcsemblo small bolsters,
thin arms, whito arms and sallow
ones. Indeed, until on a 1i?r spnnt half
an hour In the shopping district It Is
hard to bellevo thero could bo such
n variety of arms. Tho fnBhlon mny
bo n pretty one as well as a comfort
ablo ono It tho wearers would only
back tho alcoves with a thin whito
chiffon or moussollno do solo. This
tono may be used whether tho alcove
ore white, black or a color.
A novelty In parasols Is being
shown by a Broadway house that will
appeal to patriotic young women. The
covering Is of the regulation tan kha
ki, embroidered with emblems of the
different regiments In scarlet mercer
Another noveUy displayed at the
same shop is a line of very pretty raf
fia bolts at fl each. For wcat with
n tan linen or a pongeo frock these
raffila accessories aro considered very
smart. Washington Star.
Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vlennn. W. Vfi "I feel that low
tho last ton ycara at my llfo to Lydl
i Ji. 1'inKiuinrs v cge
hloven years atro I
was a wanting
under tho doctor'
carcbu t otno relief.
My hurflmml per
suaded ;bo to try
poundnnditworked likoacharm. It re
lieved nil my pains
and misery.' ' I auviso uti dunonmj
women to take Lydia E. Plnkham
Vegetable Compouad." Mna. Emma
Wheaton, Vienna, W. Va.
Lydia E. Ilukhani'c Vegetable Com
pound, mado from native roots and
norbs, contains no narcotics or harm
ful drugs, and tolay holds tho record
for tholarjcost number of actual cure
of female dlseasosof any similar medi
cine In tho country, and thousands of
voluntary tc.Ulmon.'als are ou file la
the rinkhaa lalwratory at Lynn,
Mass., from women who have be
cured from almost every form of
female complaints, inflainmatbu. mv
rregvlarltics, periodic pains, 'jackAche.
indigestion and nervous prostration.
Every bucIi suffering woman owes it t
herself to glvo Lydia E. Pinkbam'
Vegttablo Compound a trial.
If you v.oull UkoHpocInl advlca
aliout your enso write a confldca
tlal letter to Airs. Pinkham, at
Lynn. Mass. Hor navjee is Jf
and always helpful.
Movable Farm Schools,
The Ignited States department of ag
riculture recommends the establish
ment of movable schools of agricul
ture by the state experiment stations.
Wboro 15 farmers can be secured as
students the schools may bo conducted
for a year or longer. The kind of in
struction will depend on the needs of
Alfalfa on Sheep Farms.
I havo been much Interested in tho
uso of alfalfa on sheep farniB, both as
a pasture crop and as liny. Last sum
mer, while in France, I saw many
(locks hurdled on rape and sainfoin
fields, this being their only food dur
ing tho season. Tho Frenchman Is
a very light feeder of grain nt best
to any kind of stock, In fact, sheep
get very little as concentrates in
France. Yet, over thero, alfalfa Is a
universal and popular crop. Ex
Dainty waist of linen batlsto mado
with groups of tucks ard elaborately
trimmed with embroidery and cluny
Hat Brims Turned Up.
Hats aro turned up at all angles
around tho brim, and tho small hata
aro medo by turning up tho brim f
an ordinary bIzq bat very sharply at
each side, while tho brim In front
and at the back is quite narrow;
sometimes the brim Ib turned up nt
tho right side (while the trimming 1
exclusively on the left), and rome
times at the back.
To Stretch Curtains.
Use a quilting framo or a curtain
stretcher converted Into n quilting
frnme by tacking strips of ticking or
any heavy material doublec .V inch
width on tho lnnor edges of thj framo
whero pins havo been. Temporarily
pin tho curtains on four corners and
at Intervals on sldo, then sow them
on, instead of pkmlug thorn, with a
basting stitch. Scxtloped edged cur
tains can be sowed on two at a time
and threo or more plain edged ones.
It Is surprising to see JO peaks In
scallops or straight ed&M and with
less labor and tlmo spent and wltli
no sore fingers.
Thoro is no end to tho variety of
tho scarf. A remarkably pretty one
was in a soft tono of palo blue, tho
ends ombroldered In graduated gold
spots. Another was In a curiously
patterned green gauzo, with blue In
It. This was bordered with dull sil
ver gauzo lalf on In n flat band all
round, and hemstitched. Even more
curious is a gray gauzo with the ends
ombroldered in overlapping scales like
thoso of a Hah, but In mother-o'-poarl
not in tho least llko tho ordinary so
quln, but resembling somo of tho won
derful Jnpaneso embroideries of the
Buttons covered with tho material
of tho gown on which they are em
ployed aro tho latest development A
foulard frock Just home from Lie
dressmakor !s trimmed solely with
cords covered with the silk and wit
buttons of the same order.
There's a marked distlnc
tion between fcy
mt and even'thf fee,
that'i told in bulkt.
Evenly ani mildly oii5,
and scientifically cooked in
IHy0 armt Whtim
KHohitf all the natural
flavor cf the i :ehT prime"
beef it retained. It II purt
wholesome, delicious Arid
ready tn serve at meal time,
Save work and worry ia
Other Libby "Healthful"
Mcal-Timc-Hinti, all ready
to serve, are:
"Purity goes hand in hand
with Products of the Libby
Write, for free Booklet,
"How to make Good
Things to Eat".
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