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THE BEAVER HERALD. BEAVER, OKLAHOMA
EXCELLENT TEA PUNCH
HOW TO MAKE FARM FLOCK PROFITABLE
6PECIAL BEVERAGE FOR WARM
DUCKS REQUIRE DRY HOUSES
Old and Young Fowl Should Have
Comfortable Place to Sleep In
Dampness li Disease Breeder.
Ducks, both old and young, should
have a dry comfortable placo to stay
In nt night If forced to sit on tho
damn cround the 7 arc liable to tako
cramps nnd cold In tho head Tho
latter Is almost certain to turn to
Provide suitable houses If you wish
to be successful. The houses need not
bo very expensive but they should bo
substantial so that they may bo used
for tho same purpose several years In
Thero Is usunlly soma shed or build
ing that can bo converted Into a duck
liouso nt small expense Where only
n. email flock Is kept this plan Is ad
visable. If tho roof Is good tho rest l.i easy.
If tho wrntberboardlng Is not suffi
ciently close to keep out drafts In
cold weather, cover tho outsldo with
tarred paper or strip with lath.
A board floor Is better than nn earth
floor becnuso tho ducks will often stir
tip tho ground In a very dlsagrceablo
manner where thero Is tho least sign
In cold weather ducks should bo
kept In tho liouso becauso their feot
nro so tender that when they come In
contact with tho cold ground they
Buffer greatly and hobblo along as
though tholr backs wcro broken. How-
cvor, they should not bo kept housed
more than is really necessary.
FEED CHICKENS SOUR MILK
Liberal Supply Mixed With Corn Will
Keep Fowls In Healthy and
(By A. C. SMITH. Minnesota Experiment
Sour milk Is utilized In ono of tho
best posslblo ways by feeding It to
chickens. Thoso who think that they
get greater returns by feeding it to
hogs should remember that tho flesh
of chickens brings at least twtco as
much on tho -market as that of hogs.
Milk and corn aro both liked by
chickens, and n proper tnlxturo of tho
two makes ono of tho best and most
nppctlxlng rntlons for tho season when
the days nro warm and tho nights
cool. For tho best results tho corn
eh on Id bo cracked nnd soaked several
liourH In either sweet or sour skimmed
milk or In buttermilk. Tho corn may
bo iut In palls In tho morning and
tbo milk poured on until tho top of
tho corn Is submersed two or three
inches. When this hns been absorbed
mora should bo added at Intervals
during tlio day nnd tho mixture will
bo excellent for feeding by night.
A liberal supply of this ration will
keep tho chickens growing rapidly and
Insuro their being constantly plump
and In excellent condition for tho
market Try It once and tho fowls
will tell you whether they like it Try
It two weeks or n month and they
will show you whether it is a good
aud economical feed.
FOR CARRYING EGGS SAFELY
Oregon Man Invents Frame Divided
Into Plurality of Compartments,
With Flexible Sling.
In Illustrating and describing an egg
holder, Invented by Henry S. West
brook of Portland, Ore., Scientific
The Invention relates to egg hold
ers, nnd more particularly to a devlco
whereby eggs may bo safely held In
carrjlng, rhlpmcnt, storage, or In
othcrwlso handling tho same. It pro
vides a framo divided Into n plurality
of compartments, each compartment
having a flexlblo egg sling so disposed
nnd held within tho frnmo that tho
egg carried ticroby Is prevented from
contact cither with any portion of tho
frame or any other egg held thereby.
CAN INVENT NO SUBSTITUTE
Science Not Yet Able to Find Any
thing to Take Place of Egg
Food Controls Flavor.
To dato science has been unablo to
Invent a substltuto for tho egg. The
older the egg, tho less Is that sweet,
rich flavor noticeable.
It Is of moro Importance to know
tbo nveraso of the flock.
There Is nothing In tho theory that
tho "sweet, rich flavor" of tho egg
belongs to the breed.
That condition Is alone brought
about by tho quality of tho food given
to tho fowls.
Three Splendid Breeds.
White Wyandottcs for broilers and
winter eggs; Light Drahmas for roast
ers nnd winter eggs; and White Leg
horns for summer eggs, make a good,
combination for a large farm.
Llmo Has Many Uses One
(Ily J. O. HALPIN, Becretnry of Wiscon
sin Poultry Association.)
Always breed from acttvo hens,
which lay tho best In the fall and win
ter. Watch tho flock carefully through
Novombcr and December, and mark
tho vigorous, hardy hens with the red
combs nnd tho highest egg records.
Never snvo eggs for setting from the
"dioopy," lazy hen that bangs around
Select Strong Males.
Much depends upon tho vigor and
vitality of tho male. A lazy and slug
gish mala Bhould never bo retained
in tho breeding pens, as ho would
transmit these characteristics to his
progeny if ho had any.
For dual purposes, uso only ono
malo to ten or fifteen females. The
breeding flock should bo allowed a
large range Only tho best hens
should bo saved tor breeding, tho rest
being sold for mcaL For good ro
su'ts, moro than one pen should be
nvallnblo in tho poultry house It
always pays to havo ono pen for the
pullets and another for tho older birds.
Tho pullets nro thus protected from
tho abuso of tho older and stronger
birds until they aro able to defend
themBches. Illgld selection among
tho fouls of these pens should ulti
mately result In tho choice of the
cream of tho flock for use In future
TO DISCOURAGE THE SITTER
One Good Way Is to Confine Fowl In
Bare Yard and Feed Her Liberally
of Green Stuff.
Much as we may llko to see our hens
start In to sit early In tho spring, there
comes a time when their sitting be
comes a nuisance. It Is all right to
keep n few hens sitting as lato as Au
gust, if thero Is a good local 'market
for late broilers.
A fow late scattered broods ore
moro trouble than they aro worth, ex
cept In thoso cases where you may
like to bavo a few coming on right
along for use on the homo table.
Where they nro raised with a view to
marketing them, they should cither be
allowed a free rangeor a now plot ot
ground should be set apart for them,
ground that Ib tree from the dirt and
droppings of the earlier broods.
It tho hens must be broken up and
cured of the sitting habit. It should
bo dono when tho first Indications are
shown. Ono of tho best plans Is to
shut them up in a yard, bare of boxes
or other posslblo places whero tho
hen may bo ablo to Indulge in nor de
sire to squat
It this yard Is sown In oats, or is in
grass, it will be all the better. Let
them llvo on green food exclusively
for a fow days. It will not injure
them in tho least, and will cure them
ot the sitting desire as quickly as any
Tho green food will bo just tho
thing for them In hot weather. In a
GEESE MUST HAVE
Geeso will not thrive If kept closely
confined. They are great rangers and
must havo plenty of exerclso.
Geeso cannot bo raised successfully
without water to swim in, but ducks,
particularly tho Pekln breeds, do not
Ducks will not drink muddy water
and they must have water nt feeding
time, as they always take a blto and a
sup alternately all through their meal.
There is no oenttnient In a hen. Her
only object in llfo is to get enough to
R51 ! x, ' . ,
Is In the Poultry House.
breeding to build up and improve tho
Use Leg Bands.
Ordinary lee bands can be secured
for ten cents a dozen, and should
bo used as & means ot Identification
throughout tho flock. The bands
should be numbered, and tho number
entered in a small notebook, which
can bo hung by a string to a conven
ient nail. Tbo numbers should be en
tered In regular order (1, 2, 3, etc)
nnd room left opposlto the numbers
for notes which will be made from
time to timo on tho winter production,
health, etc., ot tho respective hens.
Tho dato of birth should also be en
tered on tbo notebook, as this Is tho
only check tho poultryman has on tbo
ago of his hens.
Use "Homegrown" Eggs.
Tbo average farmer makes the mis
tako of sending for eggs concerning
which ho reads an inviting advertise
ment in tho paper. Ho then employs
all tho birds batched, regardless of
their value. Instead of this, ho should
use only tho eggs raised on his own
placo from selected stock. Then ho
can be reasonably sure of what ho is
Tho day of haphazard poultry rais
ing Is fast passing. Breed only tho
best of your stock, and tho Improve
ment will be steady and suro.
few days most ot them will bavo for
gotten all about their d'nlre to raise
a family, and will be ready to go back
to their duty of egg laying.
KILLING TURKEY OR CHICKEN
Mistake to Chop Fowl's Head Off and
Then Allow It to Flop Around
Cover With Sack.
Most people simply chop the head
off of a chicken and turkey and let
them flop a'round over the ground,
against tho fence, or on the rocks and
bruise their flesh. Tbls Is a mistake.
Tho bruised flesh of the fowl cannot
bo as excellent as when it has not
I have found a good plan by which
the Sopping and bruising can bo pre
vented, writes W. D. Neale in Farm,
Stock and Home. After catching tho
turkey or chicken I tie their feet with
a stout string, then I slip tho fowl in
side ot a burlap sack, letting the head
protrudo through a hole cut In tbo
sack largo enough to give the neck
plenty of room. Then with a good
string I tie the sack down close to tho
fowl. With a sharp hatchet I cut tho
head off with ono sharp blow after
stretching tho neck across a solid
piece at wood with tho left hand.
The fowl will make efforts to strug.
gle, but It will not be able to flop. Tho
sack will hold Its wings down so that
no motion can be made. In a short
while tho contortions ot the muscles
will cease and the fowl may be re
moved from tho sack and dressed.
PLENTY OF EXERCISE
cat. If she Is given that and a warm,
well ventilated house to sleep In at
night, a dry sheltered place in winter,
she will do tho rest
The Brown Ited Games aro probably
tho oldest breed or domesticated fowls
known In this country.
It any ot your hnns seem to havo
lost most of their feathers during tbo
molting period and show large, baro
Bpots, It Is cvidenco that they are not
vigorous, and It would be hardly worth
while to keep them over winter.
HABIT OF DROPPING THE CUD
One of Symptoms of Cortaln Subacute
Forms of Indigestion Care
fully Examine Teeth.
(Dy XV. K. atLllEIlT.)
"Dropping the cud" takes placo in
certain diseases aud conditions of the
mouth, where mastication Is painful,
but It Is also one of tho symptoms of
certain subacute forms of Indigestion
dependent on bulky and Innutrltlous
In somo cases the animal Is un
thrifty, with Irregular bowels and de
praved appetite; but these are not so
pronounced when the trouble Is duo to
pain in mastication owing to disease
of tho tonguo or mouth,- or to dental
In oung bovlncs, "dropping the cud'
Is very often due to tho persistence of
tho crown 8 of deciduous molars.
Tho animal cats tolerably well, be
causo tho food, In the first place, is
nipped off by the Incisors, twisted
around by the tongue and hastily trans
ferred to the first stomach.
It is after chewing the cud that the
food Is subjected to the reduction to
minute particles by tbo molars, the
process causing pain, and the bell of
food or cud Is dropped out of the
mouth Instead ot being laboriously
masticated and swallowed.
Tho first thing to do In these cases
Is to carefully examine tho mouth with
tho aid ot a gag and to remove the per
sisting molar crowns if it is these tem
porary teeth causing the painful masti
cation. ROBBING THE MILK BOTTLE
Siphon Invented for Removing Cream
When Deslreo Does Its Work
Without Any Loss.
The sight of a quantity of rich cream
on top ot tho milk bottle is a sight
which few housewives can resist, and
they are tempted to remove it and make
uso ot It for one purpose or another.
It Is almost Impossible to pour the
cream off, and usually any effort made
to Insert a spoon or other Implement
of this character has tho effect of Btlr.
ring up the crown of cream bo that
It is lost. Tho device shown herewith
has been recently patented nnd will
drain off all tho cream of the bottle
without any loss by agitation of the
To Syphon Off Cream.
contents of tho bottle during the op
eration, as with a spoon or pouring.
The siphon Is of glass principally, but
the lower end Is a tube of rubber with
one end thrust up into tho glass. The
bell-shaped end of gloss Is lowered
carefully into the cream, and when in
placo will about reach the lower part
of the stratum of cream. The rubber
tube Is then closed by pinching and
drawn slowly from the glass tube.
This draws the cream up and starts
tho flow, which continues until ail the
cream has been drawn off.
FIND POOR MILK PRODUCERS
Many Fine Apoearlng Animals Found
to Be Quite Unprofitable by
Work of Testing.
Tho work of testing the dairy herd
is most interesting and produces
many surprises. Many of tho finest
appearing cattlo will be found to be
tho poorest producers, while somo of
the animals thought to bo scrubs will
be worthy ot a place ta the construct-'
No time should bo lost In disposing
of tho unproductive cows. A market
can readily be had for thoso In good
condition, while the money received
for their salo can bo most wisely ex
pended by purchasing a elro nnd two
or moro dams of a dairy breed. These
new animals should not be purchased
without first knowing their record of
Dairy Profit and Loss.
People are not careful enough about
feeding their stock. They take it for
granted that when they have thrown
an allowauco of grain in front ot the
cows their duties nro finished. On the
other hand, the cow that is rightly fed
ic carefully studied with each ration.
She Is watched to ace if she will re
spond to a little moro feed or if she
is getting moro than Bhe can use.
These little wastes are what make the
profit and loss In dairying.
Number of Cows to Keep.
A farmer and dairyman should keep
only as many cows u he can bouse
and feed properly.
Alcoholic Addition May Be Omitted If
It Is Not Desired Grape Cooler
That Is Highly Recommended
Tea began as a medicine nnd grew
Into a beverage as Its good qualities
In China, In tho eighteenth century,
It entered the realm of poetry, and
still earlier in Japan it formed the
excuse for a religious cult most es
thetic, called "Tcalsm."
The bevcrago tempers tho spirits
and harmonizes tho mind, dispels fa
tigue, refreshes tho body and clears
the perceptive faculties.
Samuel Johnson draws his own por
trait as a "hardened nnd shameless tea
drinker, who, for twenty years, diluted
his meals with only tho Infusion ot tho
fascinating plant; who with tea
amused tho evenings, with tea solaced
tho midnight and with tea welcomed
Tea has not tho arrogance of wine,
tho self-consciousness of coffee or tho
simpering Innocence ot cocoa, but has
a charm ot taste irresistible, and ca
pable of an Idealization all its own.
Meantime lot us have our cup of
afternoon tea, Tho sun Is setting, and
the whisper of tho night wind Is heard
In our teakettle; for the half-hour be
foro the dressing bell rings let us
linger and dwell on ovents of tho day
past and the "beautiful foolishness of
For early summer, when tho hot tea
with most of us is superseded by the
cold, and to the summer hostess, who
Is always glad to know of new ways
of serving cold drinks, we will pass
this recipe for one of tho most de
lightful ot tea punches.
Its name even is suggestive ot cool
comfort, and after testing it one will
be sure that It Is most appropriate.
Hongkong Cooler Pour ono quart
of boiling water over three tablespoon
fuls of Ceylon tea. Let steep four or
five minutes, strain and cool, adding
four tablespoonfuls of sugar, three
slices of lemon, two cloves and four
When ready to servo, pour Into tall
glasses half full of shaved Ice and add
a dash of Jamaica rum to each glass,
placing a spray of mint that has been
dipped first into Iced water, then Info
powdered sugar. A strip of candled
orange peel may bo added and three
tablespoonfuls of pineapple. If one
wants to make tho punch moro elabo
rate and complicated In nppearanco.
Grape Cooler Remove the segments
from one large grapefruit, chill one
quart bottle of grape Julco; place the
fruit on cracked Ice in the punch bowl,
add the grape Julco and sugar to tasto.
Lastly pour over It a bottle of spar
kling water and serve.
If a sprig of parsley is dipped In
vinegar and eaten after an onion no
unpleasant odor from tho breath can
A tcaspoonful of lemon Julco In a
small cup of black coffee almost al
ways relieves a bilious headache.
A cloth wrung out In very hot water
nnd applied often wilt removo discol
oration from bruised flesh.
Benzoin rubbed freely on tho edges
of a carpet Is a suro preventive of
To shine boots quickly do not
blacken, but rub on a piece of orange
ami let tho Juice dry in, then polish
with soft brush nnd they will shine
like a mirror.
One of the best methods to remove
a corn Is to uso turpentine Touch tho
corn every night with a little turpen
tine. It will como out in a short time.
Apply the turpentine with a toothpick.
Make u whlto roux of two table
spoonfuls of butter and the same of
flour; heat a cup of milk to the boljlng
point, add to tho roux and' set aside
to cool; then add the yolks of four
eggs well beaten with powdered sugar
and the Juice and grated rind of ono
lemon. Just before putting into tho
oven to bake, stir In lightly tho whites
of tbo beaten eggs. Bako three-quarters
ot an hour ond servo with
whipped cream, flavored with lemon
nnd slightly sweetened.
This may be mado of small pieces of
white, hard soap, or of homomado hard
soap. Shavo very thinly and melt
over a slow fire (dissolve slowly). Ile
move from fire nnd when lukewarm
add enough oil of caraway to scent
it (if preferred, some other fragrant
oil moy bo used Instead). Turn Into
molds and allow to remain flvo or
six days In a cool, dry place.
Eqps In Tomato Soup.
Oren a can of tomato soup and
empty Into a pin Tako from four to
six ess, ncrordlng to tho numbor of
rcrsons to bo served. Drop tho orrb
Into the soup nnd let them poach
Mnko n number ot thin slices of tonnt
en which place tho eggs. Pour tho hot
tomato soup over and garnish the
alate with thin slices of toast.
Broiled mushrorms are delicious as
n cntreo Wash large, perfect sped
iicns, remove the stems and peel the
caps, nloce on a hiittrrod iimito,. nj
cook for five minutes, turning ns they
brown. Serve on rounds of buttered
toast, cap side down, and placing a bit
of butter, pepper and salt on each.
INCREASED SIZE OF LITTERS
Iowa Station Assists Sow Before
Breeding With Rapid Increase
In Feeding of Protein.
A breeding practice used nt the
Iowa Agricultural station should be
worth remembering by every bog
raiser In nn alfalfa district, since al
falfa contains a high percentage of
protein, almost too much for a slnglo
feed. With a view of Increasing the
number of offspring farrowed at the
Iowa station they assist tho bow be
fore breeding with a rapid Increase in
tho leading of protein, which is called
"flushing." This seems to stimulate
tho production of ova or life germs,
which may later be fertilized by tho
slro, and consequently this tends to
ward an Increase in the size of the
It lias been found that whero a
large amount ot protein Is fed Just be
foro tho breeding season that tha
sows will not only require less serv
ices, but more pigs will bo farrowed
than it scant rations are given. For
host results it Is well to have the
sows on paBturo. For best results also
flushing should commence about ten
days before breeding, or a little soon
er. It Is also necessary to have a boar
of Btrong constitution in order that
sufficient ovas be fertilized. Tank
ago, meat meal, skim milk and such
foods are used In supplying protein.
BEST FEEDS FOR. FATTENING
Better to Grind Grain and Feed In
Form of Thick Slop Than to
Feed It Alone.
It generally Is estimated that rye
has a feeding value about 10 per cent
lower than that of corn when fed to
It is better to grind tho grain and
feed it in tho form ot a thick slop
than to feed it whole. The dry meal
forms a sticky mass In tho bog's
mouth that la not relished.
Some feed such as tankage, skim
milk or shorts should bo fed in con
nection with the rye.
Itye Is lacking in protein and docs
not give the best results when fed
alone. It also will be a good plan to
feed some corn In connection with tho
ryo It the corn can be obtained at a
EASY TO LOAD BALKY HORSE
Tie Rope Around Animal's Rump and
Pull on'That as Well as Halter
Will Prove Effectual.
While loading horses In a car wo
were troubled by ono large animal
balding, and although we tried every
expedient wo could think of, tho beast
could not bo induced to enter the car,
Getting a Balky Horse Into a Freight
writes Harlow D. Burnsldo of Ekal
aka, Mont., In Popular Mechanics.
After bait an hour useless work one
of tho cowboys suggested that we tie
a ropo around the animal's rump and
pull on that as Weil as on the halter
rope. This wo did, and it worked to
perfection, proving a great help in
future work of this kind.
GREAT' VALUE OF PUMPKINS
Vegetable Has Cooling Influence on
Animal's System and Keeps Stom
ach In Good Condition.
Great valuo is obtained from pump
kins fed to hogs along with corn from
tho corrective influences which they
exerclso upon tho digestive system.
They have a cooling Influence on tho
pig's system nnd keep ills stomach
and bowels in perfect condition while
ho Is being fed a large amount of
corn during the finishing process and
consequently he Is less subject to ali
ments nt that critical timo.
nut tho seeds of pumpkins are so
exceedingly rich in protein that the
pigs should not havo too many ot them.
Pumpkins nro valuablo for hogs af
flicted with worms.
A very llttlo grain, fed regularly,
will go a long wny In making tho
A mixture ot oats, wheat bran and
linseed meal, scattered In n broad-bottomed
trough, should be fed.
The linseed moal will keep tho
bowels In good condition.
If a owe Is constipated, put her In
tho hospital pen, and glvo ber moro
Tho flockmastcr, or owner, must bo
ever vigilant. He should know, his
flock so well that tho very sllghte-.t
indisposition will be detected. nt once.
Feeding Floor for Pigs.
Provide a plank or cement feeding
floor for tho hogs. Keep it clean; it'a
tho bog's table, you know.