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THE BEAVER HERALD. BEAVER. OKLAHOMA
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The tremendous clerical burden of the war has multiplied the number of
labor-saving device employed by the United States government The check
Ignlng machine, operated In this picture by J. L. Summers, disbursing clerk
of the treasury, Is used extensively In bureaus where the writing of five signa
tures by one operation Is saving time and money.
Nutritious Food That is a
. Good Substitute for Wheat
iPrepared by tl.o United States Depart-
Hero in tho United States It is dim
cult to realize that there Is no other
edible product, except perhaps meat,
upon which more people in tho world
ore dependent for food thun rice, and
that wo might advantageously con
sumo much greater quantities of this
nutritious food nnd grow tho increase
In our own rlco fields. An Increased
production and consumption not only
would expand a profitnblo Industry,
but tho eating of moro rice in the
pfuco of wheat would release n great
er quantity of tho bread grain for
shipment to tho allies.
. The average per capita consumption
of rlco for food in this country is
scarcely 0 pounds a ycur, and most
of this is consumed in the Southern
states. The high esteem in which rice
Is held in other countries is indicated
by their per capita consumption. Nor
way and Sweden consume over 0
pounds per capita; Bussln over 11
pounds; England, 27 pounds; France,
84 pounds ; Italy, over 101 pounds, and
Germany more than 03 pounds. Hut
even these European countries do not
begin to eat as much rice as, Japan
nnd China. There, rlco Is the most
Important nrtlclo of diet. Each man,
woman and child In Japan, on tho
overage, consumes 147 pounds of rlco
each, year, and those in China, 153
The placing of such dependence
upon rlco as a staple food certainly
proves beyond a doubt that it is high
ly nutritious ; analysis of rlco supports
this proof. Pound for pound rlco Is
about as nutritious ns wheat Every
100 pounds of cleaned rice contains
87.7 pounds of nutriment, of which 8
pounds are protein, 0.3 pound fat, 70
pounds carbohydrates, and 0.4 pound
ash. Tho analysis of wheat flour
Shows that it contains 87.1 pounds of
nutriment in each 100 pounds, of
which 10.8 pounds are protein, 1.1
pounds fat, 74.8 pounds carbohydrates,
and 0.4 pound ash. Thus the total
nutriment in rice is a triflo greater
than in wheat. "Wheat has tho advan
tage In protein and rlco in carbo
hydrates. Although rice Is the great foodstuff
Of the Orient, it is not used there in
making a raised bread. In this coun
try dieticians have made excellent
bread by substituting as high as 25
per cent of rice for wheat flour, and
cave obtained a white yeast bread of
With the Inventors.
A glass bottlo blowing ma
chine with a capacity of 2,000
bott'es an hour has been invent
ed In Europe.
Electrical apparatus for tap
ping trees, which con be left
without attention for months,
has been Invented.
Spring pads to be strapped to
the knees have been invented
for the comfort of persons
obliged to kneel at their work.
To prevent rubber fire hose
cracking while dry an Inventor
has patented a reel that keeps
it filled with compressed air.
The Concrete Ship.
Faith, tho new concrete ship, has the
appearance of a concrete cellar founda
tion. This miiy be tho very thing some
unseen and unknown barnacle has been
waiting to cling to. Our bold experi
ment will bring out some surprising
discoveries, no doubt If It shows a
new way to use cement there will be a
boom la cement stocks. We have no
fend of raw material for cement mak
ing and no conservationist can tell us
waea we shall be shy of the Staff that
Makes ships It the Vaith U n wlaner
fcsekly saujla, a. a .
Mushroom Growth of Some
German Cities Formerly of
Very Little Importance
The predominance of war industries
In the German empire has given a
mushroom growth to a largo number
of German cities which formerly
boasted of little commercial Impor
tance, according to a London corre
spondent. Munich, instead of occupying third
position In population nnd importance,
now ranks seventh. One of the most
remarkable examples of war-boom
towns Is Bochum, situated In the rich
Iron ore district of Westphalia. Be
fore tho war It had a population of
65,000; now tho official census gives
Tho newest list of important Ger
man cities and their population fol
Berlin, 8,380,024; Hamburg, 1,014,
054; Bochum, 704.774; Leipzig, 703,
CS9; Cologne, 671,220; Lulsburg, 010,
800 ; Munich, 003,124 ; Dortmund, 5CS,
055; Essen, 502,507; Dresden, 531,
607; Breslau, 510,047; Dussellorf,
440,043; Ileckllnghausen, 414,100;
Frankfort, 414,578; Konlgshutte, 413,
780; Hanover, 407,800; Kiel, 370,353;
Chemnitz, 358,780; Unremburg, 357,
141; Stuttgart. 340,354; Slberfeld,
330,400; Bremen, 209,520.
Mother's Cook Book.
n n n n ri j i i n n i rrr
Thn kitchen should bo a frnnfc and
friendly part of tho house. Thoreau.
Almost every one who has an unlimited
quantity of food at his disposal overeats.
Foods In Season.
Asparagus, beet greens, splnnch
and all tho other tender garden
things which nra so wholesome are
now found In our markets.
Molded Beet Greens.
Wash tho greens through many wa
ters to bo sure they are well-cleansed,
add boiling water to cover nnd cook
until tender. It will take about three
hours. Drain and press out all the
water possible, remove a few of tho
beets that are as large op walnnts and
slip off tho skins In cold water. Slice
tho beets and press against the si do
of an earthen mold. Chop tho greens
line, season with salt and pepper and
butter and fill the prepared mold. Set
a plate with a weight above the vege
tables and let them become chilled.
Serve sliced with mayonnaise dress
ing. Any stalks of asparagus left over
from a previous meal may be used for
a most delectable salad using tho fol
Chop fine the white of a hard-cooked
egg, add the yolk pressed through a
sieve, a tablespobnful each of chopped
chives, parsley, cupcrs and cooked
beet, half a tablespoonful of scraped
onion, half a tcaspoonful each of salt
and paprlkn, hulf n cupful of oil and
threo tablespoonfuls of vinegar. Mix
and beat until thoroughly blended.
Down 8outh Cornbread.
Sift together one cupful of yellow
cornmenl, half a tcaspoonful of salt,
two tcaspoonfuls of baVlng powder,
beat ono egg and stir Into the dry in
gredients, with ono quart of sweet
milk. Turn the mixture Into a well
buttered baking dish. Add two table
spoonfuls of butter cut Into bits.
Baku in a hot oven twenty-five min
utes. Stir often until tho bread be
gins to thicken. Serve with a spoon
and from tho baking dish. This may
be cerved as a dessert with grated
maple sugar or with sugar and cream.
Remove the crust from carefully
toasted bread and spread with butter
mixed with a teaspoonful of lemon
Juice and minced parsley. On each
place three sardines and put the toast
Into the oven to heat Servo at once.
THE BEST POLICY
Would you win eternal fame
And Immortalise your namoT ,
Do you covet praise and pelf and self
esteem? Then give your utmost best
And do It with a xest
To the Job that's your's, however small
And when you've set your mark on high,
For It's not the thing you do, but how
you do It
Would you And the pot of sold
With Its blesslncs manifold,
But with It have your conscience fre
Then out your wants In half,
Make thrift your daily staff.
And keep your credit and your honor
And when the tempter offers graft, for
For It's not how much you make, but
how you make It
Would you build your monument
Ero your busy life bo spent;
Or would you tho applause of men com
Then purge your soul of freed.
Hear every call of need
And scatter blessings with an open
If money easy comes, do not abuse It,
For It's not how much you save, but how
you usa It.
William Davenport In Forbes Magazine.
Consumption of Sugar Goes
Up to 84 Pounds Per Capita
Since Revolutionary Period
Tho Amcrlcnn who during tho
world's greatest war must get along
with ono lump of sugar instead of two
In his coffee will bo Interested In tho
fact that the Revolutionary patriots
had much less or none at all of tho
sweetening food material.
A century ago, nays the United States
department of agriculture, tho people
of this country consumed less than
onc-testh as much sugar as they do
now. In 1701-J705, Just nfter the Revo
lution, tho estimated annual consump
tion wns 7.5 pounds per capita. In
1821-1825 tho nverage per capita con
sumption was 8.3 pounds and wns prac
tically tho same 20 years earlier. But
In tho five years ending with 1015 tho
total consumption In tho United States
wns approximately 8,000,000,000
pounds, a yearly uvcrogo of about 84
pounds for each person, or 378 pounds
for an average family (4.5 persons).
Reasons for tho lncrcaso can be
found not only In many new- nnd ex
tended yscs for sugnr but also In nu
merous sources of the product. Do
mestic cane nnd beet fields supplied 23
per cent of the sugar we uspcI In 1011
1015; the planters of Hawaii, Porto
It I co and the Philippines furnished 20
per cent ; while Cuba, supplemented by
small "-mounts from other foreign
countrlts, furnished 51 per cent Dur
ing theso five yenrs the sugar consump
tion of tho United Stntcs averaged al
most 100,000,000 pounds per week. Tho
supply for 27 weeks came from foreign
countries, our island possessions fur
nished mir piles for 13 weeks' consump
tion, whllf the product of tho United
States preper was equivalent to 12
weeks average consumption.
Old Age Cannot Wear Out
Its Shoes as Recklessly
. As Does the Gay Youth
Preparing for ensy old ngc Is ono of
tho spurs thnt has transformed n
wholesome ambition into a "vaulting
ambition that o'erleaps Itself." Many
a man has shortened his life overwork
ing to take care of the old ago that he
thus snuffed out observes n writer in
the Minneapolis Journal. Any man is
remiss who does not prepare against
old age, but nature has also taken a
hand In this preparation.
Old nge cannot wear out Its shoes as
recklessly as does youth. Tho normal
old man finds better entertnlnmertt In
meditation than he could In cxpenslvo
amusement Memory Is his "movie."
Society does not ask old people to burn
expensive midnight oil nor to appear
on dress parade. Thus normal and
gratifying reduction of outgo Is equiva
lent to an addition to the Income.
Feverish preparation for old age Im
plies tho belief not only that tho appe
tite will not decrease with old ago, but
that old nge will bo wholly helpless to
sustain Itself. As a matter of fact,
but a small proportion of tho old aro
totally disabled for gainful labor. And
few, If nny, old people ore as happy
when Idle as when occupied with such
work as they are fitted to do.
Tho wise old man has learned what
as a foollsn young man he failed to
see, that "enough Is as good as a
feast," and that after all "snan wants
but little hero below." Sensible com
fort In old age docs not coma very
Government Appeals to
Patriotism of Sportsmen.
Tho United States department of
agrlculturo appeals to the patriotism
and true sportsmanship of nil persons
to co-opernto with It In the enforce
ment of the federal law for tho pro
tection of migratory birds, especially
at this timo when tho problem of con
serving tho food supply Is taxing tho
Ingenuity of tho world. It Is gratify
ing to know that the majority of
sportsmen have observed tho federal
regulations and this fact has con
tributed largely to tho successful re
sults accomplished. A sense of pa
triotic duty should Impel every one to
conscrvo this natural food asset thus
perpetuating the species and Increasing
the supply for the benefit of all the
The department has planned to In
crease greatly Its force of wardens,
who will be actively engaged during
the spring migration in 'securing evi
dence upon which to base prosecutions
sgs last those who aaajr yieiate the law
Our Army and What it Costs
Most People Figure Expansion Much Less and
Cost Much Greater Than Facts Warrant
Most people understand that tho United States array has been tremen
dously expanded In tho yenr America has been at war. All havo seen the
army grow, in ono sem.t, they havo watched tho men go away, have written
letters and. sent packages to the boys.
Few realize, however, that tho army has Increased 700 per cent, In round
numbers, In that one year. Ofllcial figures from Washington show that It hns.
When America entered the war on April 0, 1017, the total Btrcngth of all
branches of the service (Hegulnr army, National Guard and reserves) was
212,0340,524 officers and 202,510 men.
On April 0, 1018, the grand total strength of tho American army (all
branches) was 1,052,725123,801 officers and 1,528,024 men.
The detailed figures of tho old nnd tho new armies, which aro worth pre
serving, are as follows:
April, 1017 April, 1018
Officers Men Officers Men
Regular army 5,071 121,707 10598 503,142
Natlonnt Guurd 3,733 70,713 10,803 431,583
Iteservo corps (In service) 0 4,000 00,210 77,300
National army 0 0 0 510,830
Total 0,524 202,510 123,801 1,528,021
Tho cost of the army during tho first year of tho war Is u thing that Is
generally overestimated. People aro prone to think of the billions thnt have
been appropriated Instend of the actual amounts that have been expended.
Official figures from Washington show that tho total expenditures on the
army for the your America has been In tho war Including everything from new
cantonments to shoo laces nnd n good many things not properly chargeable to
tho wnr wero $3,000,701,007.15.
That sum does not Include, of course, the obligations of the war depart
ment contracts made for the billions of dollars' worth of supplies that will
bo furnished this year; It Is the sum actually paid out for materials already de
livered and pay of tho men for the tlmo they have already served. There are
Included river nnd harbor nnd civil establishment expenditures that would have
been inado had there been no war. The detailed ofllcial figures of war depart
ment appropriations and expenditures for the year are as follows:
Slnco the declaration of war congress has made the following appropria
tions for tho wnr department :
Civil establishment S 10,205,143.00
Military establishment 7,413,835, 1G3.43
Klvcrs and hurbors 31,731.150.00
' Total 87.404,771,750.48
Withdrawals from tho treasury havo been mndo under these appropria
tions during tho period from June 10, 1017, to March 0, 1018, as follows :
Civil establishment $ 0,517,018.70
Military establishment 2,801,000,885.85
Itlvcrs and harbors 18,037,102.00
Manager George Stallings
Is in the Game Heart and
Soul on the Ball Diamond
Fred Mitchell, manager of the Chi
cago Cubs, delights to tell stories of
his former boss, Miracle, Man Stallings
of tho Braves. When Mitch wns Stall
Ing's assistant In Boston ho had many
a run-in with tho manager, and ho nd
mlts now that Stallings thinks more of
a man who will answer him back ou
Stallings is n firebrand In baseball;
never laughs, rarely smiles, doesn't
Jest, and roasts the daylight out of n
George T. Stallings.
man who makes a, slip. lie is also a
nervous person, and becomes enrap
tured on the bench whllo ho Is watch
ing a game, and plays tho whole con
test over, solo, as ho sits on tho play
Stallings Is merciless In calling down
a player "and criticizing his work,
"A fellow made a bobble once while
Stallings was watching from the
bench," said Mitchell. "'Look at that
boob,' said Stallings. 'What n bone
head 1 No, ho Isn't a bonchead; his
head Is made of Krupp steel.' "
Another German Atrocity.
Weird and wonderful aro tho mix
tures that pass as tobacco In Cermany
now that tho government has decreed
thnt anything Is tobacco that contains
not less than 0 per cent of thnt weed.
Tho rest may bo dried leaves of beech,
cherry, chicory, hops, beetroot, sorrel,
potato, rhubarb or coltsfoot. Ono Ger
man writer says that tho result is "a
rank offense, it smells to heaven."
Cigars made from this "tobacco" go by
tho appropriate popular narao of "In'
England to Grow Sunflowers.
Tho production of sunflowers la
being encouraged la England. Tho
ministry of food and production de
partment has Issued Instructions on
how to grow sunflowers sad advises
all persons to grow them, explaining
that the seed Is rich, In oil sad makes
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PUN AHEAD FOR
Ono must plan ahead In order to be
successful In any lino of endeavor.
Poultry keeping Is no exception, writes
on authority. If you do not hnvo tho
breeding birds you need for tho seas
on of 1018, now is a good time to get
them. There Is n country-wide scarc
ity of good birds for breeding purposes,
nnd ono must expect to pay somewhnt
higher prices than In pnst years. It
will not pny to get Inferior birds In or
der to savo u little of tho purchaso
If you nro Just starling, or If you
want new blood, you can buy either
stock or eggs for hatching. Men nro
moro likely to buy stock because they
do not usually handle eggs so care
fully ns women nnd oIko because usu
ally they have moro money to spend.
To buy stock Is tho safer plan, of
course, nnd on the whole Is better, but
It costs more money. For both stock
and eggs prices aro high nnd will con
tinue so. One cannot expect to buy
eggs for hatching In 1018 In quantities',
nt $5 per hundred. Such low price"
aro now absurd for eggs from btock of
uny decent quality ot nil.
Most poultry breeders, except those
who havo n large number of birds of
Guperlor quality, are compelled to re
plenish their flock with new blood ul
most every year. Our flocks either
go up or go down. Just because prices
nro higher than normal we must be
careful to get good quality In what
wo buy. This Is a tlmo when poor
stuff will not pay. There never was
n tlmo when It was so true that "tho
best Is none too good." It does not
pay to keep Inferior fowls now.
Why They Are Called Tumblers.
About 1,500 years ago tho Saxons In
England used drinking vessels thnt
wero mado of horns of cattle or oxen
They wero shaped like cones. As their
bottoms were pointed they would not
stand erect When a man had his drink
ing horn filled he disposed of Its con
tents nt a single draught and did not
lay it down until ho hnd drained It.
These horns were tumblers In the sense
thnt they would not stand upright Al
though our modern glasses do not hnvo
this objectionable quality, the name
that originated in early Suxou times
Twenty Years Ago.
Bicycles wero as common ns
Automobiles nnd millionaires
Table board was $3 a week,
or S o week with the "best
room in tho house."
Hotels had a "bill of fare,"
and tho "menu" with prices
marked opposite wus almost
Appendicitis had Just been
Nobody wore white shoes, and
palm beach suits were In tho
Jules Verne had a monopoly
oa the submarine. Washington
No Established Wheatless
Days, but Pound and Half
Should Be the Very Lirriiti
The United Stares food adtnlntstm-j
tlon 1ms made whentlcss days nmr
wlicntlofts meals optional In private!
hpmr.s. But that does not mean tho'
lid has been tnhen off. It onlymoajiV
that tho question of which day.or.nienl
shnll bo wheatless Is left to tho Indt-'
In other words, tho food administra
tion has mndo tho reduction of wheat
consumption n test of good cltlzCn
Rhlp. Each citizen in the land Jt
naked, ns n good American, to cut bti
tndlvldunl wheat consumption to a
pound and n half n week. Thnt means
to cut the ordinary, peace-time con
sumption In two. It doesn't. matter on
what day or what moals thnt Is done.
Just bo It Is done. In thnt regard tho
food administration .cays:
"In making optional tho obscrvntito
of wheatless days in private homes
tho food administration lifted no re
strictions upon the consumption of
wheat products. It Is merely asking
tho American people to reduce their
per cnpltn consumption to not moro
than 1 Vt pounds per week, . . .
"This Is nn nbboluto military neces
sity. The method of saving Is being?
left entirely to the Individual. If It
can Imi done without foregoing the usa
of wheat nt nny specified meal or on
nny day, the food administration's ur
gent plcn for further conservation will
bo carried out to tho letter." ..
: HAVE A LAUGH-
"I hope my husband won't get In
veigled Into any games with those card
"Oh, he'll know when they nro try
ing to cheat him." . ., lUt
"I'm not nfrnld of Hint, but yon
know, lie's n sharpshooter."'" ,;
A Victim of Fate. ,.
"When J , began
business?' " said
"I made n, solemn
vow that when I
hnd made nn even
i made that many
times t oyer," Bnl'l
tho other man,
"aad still you aro
"That's t h o
curse of It 'When
ever I Uilnk l'vo
mado an even mil
lion I find on figuring It up It's cither
n little moro or u llttlo less, nnd l'vo
got to renew tho lienrt-brcnklng strug
gle." Anil tho uufortutlatc'umd, sighed
Of Course Not!. ,
"Why nm I rejected?" asked tho
applicant for mltltnry serW.
"Weak heart," replied- tho' exam
ining surgeon. , ' ' v
"Wenk heart?" retorted the youth.
"If I hnd a weak heart do' yjrii; think
I'd want to go Into tills kind- of u
wnr?" ' -
"So you own a good mnny.sqhurban
houses and small farms. Live on ony
of them?" . , '
"No." . .
"Then you don't raise nnytlilng your
self." "Oh, yes; every spring I raise rents."
"It's wrong to
sny I don't work,
mister," h n I d
"What work do
"Brain work. I
havo to think up
a tcrrlblo lot of
excuses for not
"IIo's a real patriot, anyhow.?
"What makes you thing so?"
"lie's tnken a big government con
tract for tho same profit he'd charge,
a prlvato corporation."
An Excusing Spirit
"Didn't I see the grocer's boy kiss
you this morning, Susnn?''
"Yes'm. But he nin't to blnmo,
ma'am. Twas tho Iceman set him
the bad example."
"lias your cook anything deleteri
ous In your dally diet, Mrs. Comeup?"
"Sure, sho has. We havo everything
now that's tho style."
How President Kruger Decided
Problem for Two Brothers
Thnt very canny person. President
Kruger, was once called upon, ns? KlnR
Solomon before him, to pass Judgment
In a matter of ownership. The casa
was that of two brothers, who had
been left n farm nnd could not-ngrea
as to tho division which had ,to be
made. They agreed that, rather than
tnke tho mutter to tho courts, they
would let President Kruger decide.
President Kruger appears to havo hes.
I to ted abbot as little ns King Solomon
did. 'He Instructed the elder brother
to make what he considered a fair di
vision, and then he gave first choice
ra ine younger orouer. a soisiimssj
ilka swossen's, Dot ssastetriy W4 1
ft T MH '