Newspaper Page Text
Many Valuable Implements Are
Left In Shelter of Broad
Skies All Year Around.
THE BEAVER HERALD, REAVER, OKLAHOMA
LIKE THROWING AWAY MONEY
Few Farmer Following This Prac
tice Realize Great Lot They Sus
tain Covering; of Common
Axle Qreaso It Good.
How many farmers would lcnvc $25,
(50 and even $100 In bills out In tlio
open during an entire winter? Sounds
absurd, bat scores of bucIi bills, In their
equivalent of farm implements are
left In the shelter of the broad skies
all the year. Few farmers who follow
this practlco do so with a realization
of tho great loss they are sustaining
on the money invested.
A $100 machine left out of shelter
over winter, means a loss of from
$5 to $15. At this rato it is quite evi
dent tlmt a machine shed would lie
paid for In two or three years, even
at present building costs.
Store Implements Properly.
A suitable shelter having been pro
vided, It Is now essential to store the
implements properly. If tho shed has
n dirt Hoof, keep the machinery from
resting directly on the ground, 1'lncc
n board at least under all supporting
parts. In order to prevent rust, thor
oughly cover every polished surface,
such ns plowshares, mold boards, cul
tlvntor shovels, power knives nnd the
like with common axle grease. All
adjusting screws- nnd nuts should lie
thoroughly oiled with ordinary ma
chine nil. Every wheel hub and bear
ing, after a careful cleaning, should be
packed with hard grease nnd replaced.
Drills In which lime or fertiliser nro
DAIRY COW IS LARGE
FACTOR IN OKLAHOMA
Cream Stations, Creameries and
Plants Tell Story.
On Account of Cattle Tick Such De.
velopment Wai Formerly Impos-
slble Pett Eradicated From
43,255 Square Miles.
(Prepared bjr the Unlud Sutti Detriment
A recent uinp of Oklahoma Indi
cating by marks of various shapes tho
location of cream stations, Ice cream
factories, creameries, pasteurizing
plants, and combination plants, shows
the dairy cow now ns n big factor In
the prosperity of the state. Formerly,
on account of the cattlo tick, such n
development of dairying wns Impossi
ble, hut the antltlck activities of the
state nnd the United States Depart-
The Big Sister
By LE ROY WINSTON
Poor Way to Treat Valuable Machinery
used must be carefully cleaned, kero
sene oil being liberally applied to all
.parts exposed to tho fertilizer. Hinder
canvnscs should be hung up by wire
to prevent damage from mice.
Liberal use of paint is the next step
in keeping machinery 4n the best con
dition. Of course, all parts must bo
freed from dirt nnd grease. Then
paint the Vood with n goofl grade of
paint pigment mixed with linseed oil.
All metal parts, except those grenscd,
must bo well covered with the best
metal paint; fills applies especially to
Note Parts Needing Repairs.
When tho cleaning, greasing and
painting Is being done, one can also
make note of each broken or worn
part thnt needs to be replaced. These
can bo secured during the winter, and
when the spring and summer work
calls for tho various Implements, they
will be reody for duty. How much
more satisfactory than to bo com
pelled to sacrifice r dny or mora for
rtpnlrlng at n time when tho mnchlne
Is needed most I Any farmer who has
followed the above suggestions will
gladly afllnn thnt dollars are thus
saved on each nnd every Implement.
Try It nnd you will henrtlly agree.
These Cows Are Healthy and Make
ment of Agriculture for the pnst six
or seven years have resulted In the
eradication of tho pest from 43,255
square miles, or nhout 00 per cent of
tho Infested territory.
As a result of these strides in eradi
cation the figures on dairy production
show large totals, and in 1021 milk nnd
butter wero Imported products. Dur
ing that year 0,039,SD5 pounds of but
ter fat In tho form of sour cream was
produced, selling for n little more than
$4,000,000, and 0,520,722 pounds of but
ter, valued at $3,240,000. More than
10,000,000 pounds of sweet milk wns
bought for making Ico cream. 1'nsteur
lzlng plants reported handling 02,201,
0S3 pounds of milk. The figures arc
from reports received from 20 cream
eries, 44 Ice cream plants, and 30
combination plnnts operating in Okla
homa or Just outside its borders and
buying from Oklnhoma farmers.
BEES THRIVE ON SIRUP DIET
Every Colony Should De Qlven Ten
Pounds of Pure Material Honey
Is Not Favored.
"After tho breeding season Is over
snd there are no eggs or lnrvoo In the
hive, bees should bo winter fed," says
Francis Joger, chief of the division of
bee culture at University farm. "Ev
ery colony should receive ten pounds
of pure sugar sirup, no matter how
much honey they hnve. Those that
are light should be fed more. Hees do
best on sirup In winter, beeauso the
best 'of honey contains pollen grnlns
which fill the Intestines of the bees In
winter, causing dysentery If they eat
too much or if tho winter Is too long.
According to University farm experi
ments the proportion of winter mor
tality of sugar-fed and non-sugar-fed
bees stands three to live In favor of
RAT MOST DANGEROUS ENEMY
No Other Pett Inflicts So Much Dam
age Upon Humanity Menaco In
City and on Farm.
No other animal or insect Is so dan
gerous nnd persistent nn enemy, or In
flicts so much damage upon buniaulty,
as the common brown or grny rat.
He destroys nnd Injures vast quanti
ties of grain, destroys young chicks,
fniltn voirntnhles nnd flowers. He
causes enormous losses In warehouses
FARMERS MUST AVOID WASTE
Increasing Price of Land, Feed and La
bor Make It Advisable to Use
With the Increasing prlco of land,
feed, and till higher cost of labor, it is
becoming neccssnry that the fanner
eliminate, as far ns possible, nny waste.
He must make use of all the by-products
of bis business much tho same as
the manufacturer does. Corn Is pro
duced In practically every section of
tho country, prlmnrlly for the grain,
and frequently tho stover Is disre
garded. Properly cured stover Is relished by
llvo stock, hut thnt which Is left In the
open during dlsagrecnble weather is
far from being palatable or nourish
ing. Stover protected from the time it
Is cut In the. field 'is a valuablo feed
for young stock, bile 'horses, nnd cat
tlo that arc being carried over the win
ter on n cheap rutlon.
Thebest wny to handle corn stover
is by means of tho shredder. This
method makes It pnsslblo to get It in
the barn before tho feeding qualities
havo been Injured by tho veatlier.
Enough room should always be re
served In the barn to accommodate a
good supply of stover. Hay may, be
safely stacked out, hut It Is unsafe to
try to stnek shredded stover. Care
must be taken to give tho corn ample
time to cure before It is shredded, for
it may heat In tho mow and become
worthless through subsequent molding.
FEEDING PULLETS FOR EGGS
Overfat Fowl Is Not Satisfactory
Layer and Will Eventually
Become a Drone.
. 11:1, tr McClurt .N-w-p.ixr Syndicate
As the members of tho Junior Hoys'
club of Harlow Street settlement wero
dispersing nfter their regulnr Tuesday
afternoon meeting their lender, Mr.
Gordon, noticed thnt one of the num
ber remained. It wns Hob Greeley, In
whom Mr. Gordon wns especially In
terested, ns he was beyond doubt tho
only one of the boys of native Ameri
can parents the only one, In fact, who
was not the product of overcrowded
"Is there something I can do for
you?" nsked Mr. Gordon, seeing thnt
tho boy was wnltlng for him.
"Sure there Is," said Hob, trying to
hide his embnrrossment. "You wero
telling us fellows todny that you wero
going to got a big brother for ench ono
of us a rollego fellow or something
to help us nlong. Well, now, honest,
Mr. Gordon, I don't need n big brother,
live got ono. Hut but "
"The Idea In," explained Mr. Gordon.
j "that In having college men for big
I brothers they could help you In ways
thnt jour own brothers could not.
Tlinw limil1 linfn lltun -.,! mJ.I .
.-.j uuii umu tiiiiv 111114 UUIU ('US
slbly bo better educated "
"Not than ,iny big brother," pro
tested Hob. "Hut wbnt I wns going
to say wns this" Then Hob heenme
completely embarrassed nnd said
something that sounded like "Couldn't
' y'mnnnge to gimme n big sister Instead?"
Mr. Gordon laughed. "So thnt Is
what you Ticed most. It never oc
curred to us Hint any of you boys
would rather hnve a big sister. Still
n sister can bo very helpful. All right,
Hob. I'll get you n big sister. I'll
hnvo her come to call on you Just tho
wny the big brothers are going to."
"Thnnk you, Mr. Gordon," wild Rob
beaming, nnd then ns he turned to
bent his retreat: "You needn't say
anything to any of tho fellows about
my wonting a sister. They mightn't
Mr. Gordon, expert wood craftsman
nnd friend of smnll boys, was n volun
teer worker at the settlement. Humor
hnd It that lie wns a disillusioned mil
lionaire that he had "gone Into" set
tlement work because of the death of
his young bride. At all events, bo
seemed to get Immenso satisfaction
out of his club work nnd wns nlways
generous In his contributions toward
nny good work furthered by tho set
tlement Tho swimming pool, the won
dcr of the youth of Harlow street, wns
his excessive gift.
If Mr. Gordon told Hnrlow street
little of his personnl nffnlrs, ho told
his acquaintances nnd friends little of
Harlow street. Most of them were
only mildly nmused nt this hobby of
his. His sister among them.
The night of Hob Greeley's request
Mr. Gordon wns In somo perplexity. It
hnd been nn easy enough matter to
get the required number of "big broth
ers." Ho simply put tho proposition
up to the younger men In his college
frnternlty In town. Gordon hnd
pledged several thousand dollars for
the now fraternity house, and as ho
had promised thnt ho "would sec about
doubling tiio amount" tho young men
did not take long to decide to fall In
lino with his "big brother" proposition.
Hut how to get n big sister?
Tho moro Gordon thought of this
problem the moro perplexed he beenmo
about It. Finally he decided to nslc
his sister Helen though she hnd not
given very sympathetic or undei stand
ing heed to tho few accounts ho had
ever given, of Hnrlow street doings.
Helen listened apparently with only
hnlf nttentlon to wliat her brother
told, but to his surprise sho volun
teered herself for the big sister
"I didn't Imagine youd do thnt,"
protested Mr. Gordon. "I Just thought
you might know some girl In your set
who would be Interested In that sort
"I'm Interested dreadfully Interest
ed myself," Helen Gordon announced.
"And you don't need to bo preachy
nnd tell mo that I mustn't consider It
n lark. I don't Intend to. And I guess
I can make as good a sister to llttlo
Hobby Greeley ns anyone else. Tell me
where he lives. I'll cull tomorrow
Helen Insisted on calling alone and
her brother did not discourage her,
tliouph ho wished then that this little
sister of his was of n less striking
type. Even dressed somberly and an
quietly ns possible, her golden hnlr
nnd vivid coloring could not but at
tract attention In the probably dingy
neighborhood where Hobby Greeley
Hobby greeted his big sister nt the
door and nssured her that sho looked
own Inclinations Ned had come to the
city with his young brother. Somehow
he managed outsldo of hours at tho
medical collego to Cam enough to pny
for their expenses In tho little tene
ment, and Hobby led n not unwhole
some existence, attending public
school, getting recreation nt tho Hnr
low street settlement, nnd doing his
little-boy best to keep house for his
overworked big brother.
Helen wns at first shocked nt tho
Idea of the ten-yenr-old boy coming In
from nfter school play to have, to pre
pare supper for himself nnd his broth
er, but she ended by feeling thnt, after
all. Hobby led as normal and happy
an existence os nny motherless boy
could. Ccrtnlnly ho wns better olt
than ho would hnvo been hnd his big
brother consented to send hlin to n
boys' home during tho urvhlll years of
his medical study,
"Now, If you really want to be my
big sister," announced Hobby, looking
approvingly at Helen, "you can start
right In by helping mo get supper.
Ned said ho wns awful hungry for
some mulllns tho kind mother used
to makr but, gosh, I couldn't make
'em. Now, do you suppose If I bought
tho things thnt you could mix 'em and
cook 'em mnjbo tho next time, you
Thnt was the beginning of the most
Interesting adventure of Helen's hith
erto rather frivolous young life. Twice
a week sho visited Hobby and twice n
week besides she took lessons In cook
ing and domestic sclenco so ns to ho
qualified to help nnd Instruct Hobby
In the task of making the little tene
ment rooms more homelike. Hobby
would give her the money Ned allowed
for the evening's meal and sho would
como back from market with beef
steak and mushrooms, when Hobby
said Ned liked them, luscious fruit In
season and out tinil delicacies such us
Hobby bad never before dreamed of.
"It's funny what you con get for n
quarter," Hobby often used to say.
"Ned says ho doesn't mulerstnud. IIo
said there was something funny about
it, nnd he's acted dreadfully funny,
Just as If he thought you oughtn't to
help mo so much. Don't you suppose
you could stny to dinner some tlmo
nnd explnln that you really get the
things for what I give you? IIo colncs
In Just nfter you lenvc. Couldn't you
wnlt and tell him?"
"Oh, dear no," assured Helen. "You
sco I'm Just your big sl3tcr, Hobby, nnd
well, your brother mightn't llko mo
ns much ns you do."
"Mnybo not," sighed Hobby.
Hut for somo reason or another Ned
en mo homo a hnlf hour earlier than
usual that night nnd discovered the
radiant Helen still mixing drop cakes
In tho tiny kitchen. Sho nnd Hobby
bad given the house a good cleaning
thnt day and she hnd left a hunch of
daffodils on the living room table and
hnd hung fresh muslin curtains nt the
Explanations did not toko long, nor
wero elaborate ones needed, for when
Ned's steady grny eyes looked Into tho
depths of Helen's blue ones explana
tions In words did not seem necessary.
Helen's seemed to say, "I admire you
for your pluck nnd pcrsevcrnnco to
go on studying under such dllllcult
conditions. I hnvo dono what I havo
dono for Hobby's sake please don't
thnnk me." And Ned's eyes suld: "I
shall not protest, because. I know you
hnve done wlint you linve done from
tho goodness of n kind heajt."
As a matter of fact Helen said:
"I'm Hobby's, big sister," nnd Ned said,
Helen stayed for supper nnd left os
soon as she nnd Ned and Hobby had
washed tho dishes and tidied tho
kitchen. Sho definitely refused Ned's
escortage home. Somehow after that
on tho nights when Helen came she
was always a llttlo delayed In her
work or Ned managed to come In a
llttlo enrly. And sho would Btuy to
supper with the excuse, thut sho want
ed to help wash the dishes.
After several weeks of tbls she con
sented to allow Ned to go home with
"If you are Hobby's big sister then
you are a brother to botli of us," Ned
said, ns they were nearlng her home.
"Do you wish wish that you were
my brother?" nsked Helen.
"Well, not exactly that Is, I'd
And that was really ns far as Ned
had to go with his proposal.
IS BIG PROBLEM
Not Always Convenient to Haul
Fertilizer Directly to Fields
PLAN TO PREVENT LEACHING
GIFTS FOR CHILDREN
Purebred Pig or Calf or Other;
Animal Is Suggested.
No Material Loss Sustained Where
Concrete Pit I Employed In
Cases of Heating Loss of
Ammonia Takes Place.
In providing for tho storage of mn-
nure during tho periods when It Is Im
practlcnl to tnko It directly to tho
tlelds for distribution tho cholco rests
between somo form of shed, or over
head shelter, nnd somu kind of n pit,
or reservoir. It may seem that theso
qi.lto different forms of storage Imply
different theories In regard to han
dling tho waste, slnco ono leaves the
manure exposed to tho elements while
the other shelters nnd shields It from
rain nnd weather.
In making provision for temporary
storago of manure two things are
sought. The first Is to prevent the
leaching nwny of soluble portions; the
second Is to eliminate heating in tho
manure pile by crowding nut the nlr
with moisture so that tho bacteria
which cause heating will be denied
nlr from which they derlvo the oxygen
necessary for their work. Hoth the
pit and the overhead shelter accom
plish the first of these. "When a
concrete pit Is used it makes no dif
ference whether thn manure Is under
cover or not so far as leaching Is con
cerned. The soluble portions cannot
get nwny In cither ense. When an
merhond shelter Is used, there will bo
sennt loss from leaching oven If the
manure Is not stored upon a concrete
Moor, slnco the litter will retain tho
liquid portion of the excrement, wbllo
the roof overhend will keep off the rain
which would causo tho pile to leach.
Control Heat of Pile.
As for the second objective thnt of
controlling tho bent of tho pile the
pit Is supposed, theoretically, to take
care of this automatically, through the
rain that falls upon Its exposed sur-
Recent Questionnaire Study of Im
proved Stock Showed That Home
Influence Is an Important
Factor Governing Breeding.
rrtprJ It the Unttnl Slatti Otpartmtat
In selecting birthday and Christmas
gifts fur children In rural communities,
why not give a purebred pig, calf, or
other animal? This Is tho suggestion of
tho United States Department of Agri
culture, which, with tho vnrlous Mutes,
Is conducting tho "Hotter Hires Hcttcr
Stock" campaign. A recent question
naire study of the utility value of pure
bred live stock showed, nmong other
results, that homo Influence Is nn Im
portant factor governing the breeding
In feeding n lot of pullets heavily
for egg production, should nny Indi
vidual become overfnt nnd threaten to
break down, It Is n good plan to tnke
her out of tho general pen nnd feed
her moro lightly. In fact, it may be n
nn.i ..-ncilM.. thnt vmi nrn fnnillnr nil
of them too heavily nnd should slow j Just the wny ho had always, thought
up a little. Itemember thnt on overfnt
pullet makes no better n layer than
an overfat hen. She will becomo a
drone In her clnss.
TO REDUCE FERTILIZER BILL
Much Money Can Be Saved on Farms
Where Live Stock Is Kept by
Caring for Manure.
On farms where there are live
stock nnd most farms should have
live tock It, Is possible to eliminate
much of the fertilizer bill. For the
manure from the animals. If taken
care cf, is rich In those elements
ilnnts grow and produce
n big sister ought to look, nnd within
Ave minutes they hnd decided to call
ench other Hobby and Helen. Hobby's
homo consisted of three rooms, n liv
ing room, a kitchen nnd n bedroom, on
the top floor of a shabby but Insist
ently clean tenement. Then Hobby ex
plained his predicament.
He nnd his brother Ned had been
bred In a country town. Their father,
a country doctor, had died when B6bby
was n baby and Ned wns half grown.
Somehow or other their mother had
managed to bring them up until a
yeqr ago she had died with the last
request thnt Ned should become a
doctor. He had at that time already
managed by ha'd work to finish col-
I . . ..n1( Inf. T.
U,iiVSiAi . .
s. .. .'. isjnKP4lU..
!U f-mmn '&-$ -tit
A Club Girl and Her Prize Pig.
of superior domestic nnlmnls. In fact.
It ranks In Importnnco next to sales,
fairs and shows, taken collectively.
When parentB show their Interest In
good stock tho children aro more like
ly to do so.
One breeder told of receiving somo
purebred live stock ns n wedding gift
from his father-in-law. That beginning
wns nn Importnnt Influence, which re
sulted In nn entire herd of Veil-bred,
profitable nnlmnls, a practical Influ
ence In the couple's prosperity nnd
Gifts of good llvo stock, tho depart
ment points out, nre not only accept
able In themselves but with proper
handling multiply nnd give pleasure,
satisfaction, and financial benefits for
nn lndcflnlto period.
BEST STORAGE OF POTATOES.
MOVED JAPANESE TO WONDER
Visitor of This Country Mystified by
the Pecullarltes of the English
During his tour of this country
ns a member of tho Jupavi'so educa
tional research delegation, JIurquls
Surtl was moved to deny that tho study
of Japanese was more dllllcult tbuu
the study of English.
"When you hao learned the Japan
ese language you have learned it," he
argued, "while with English, 11 Is dif
ferent." Hy way of explanation bo
added : ,
"Ono day In ono of your restaurants
I nsked for what you call poached egg4
on toast, nnd Imagine my consternation
when tho waiter cried th'rough the serv
ice window. Two men on u ruft.
"Curious to see what would happen.
I ventured to remind him that I wantod
them well dono und scrambled, but this
bothered him not nt all for he merely
shouted 'shipwreck that order" and
strange to relate, I got exactly what
I had ordered."
Don't Leave Manure In Piles Exposed
to Weather and Conditions Favor
able to Loss by Washing,
face. To eliminate heating It Is onl)
necessary to crowd out the air In tho
waste by moisture. Sometimes, how
ever, the nmount of ratnfull Is not
BUfllclent to keep filled tho Interstices
of the pile. In such cases heating en
sues and loss of ammonia takes place.
W have seen badly . "Jlrefanged''
manure In open pits! However, this
was due to neglect on the part of the
owner and might have occurred hnd
the manure been held .under cover.
The chief virtue of this lust f'fin of
storago Is thut It permits one to regu
late at, will the amount of moisture
thnt manure contains. In either case,
the result will bo the same If the
manure Is not permitted to dry out.
With tho pit nnd tho overhead shel
ter making for tho snmo results the
choice between thcra lies In other fac
tors, chief of which is tho matter of
handling the manure when It Is re
moved. Unless n pit Is provided with
un underground cistern Into which tho
liquids cun pnss the task of removing
tho mnnurc Is apt to bo anything but
agreeable or easy at certain times. II
is easier, also, to load manure Into a
spreader when It does not hnve to b
elevated from a pit sunk below tho sur
faco of the earth. However, somo pits
are so constructed that the spreader
con be driven Into them, homo wilt
see In the extra equipment necessary
for handling of liquids an objection to
the pit equipped with n cistern. On
tho other hand tho use of liquid of
this kind on early crops Is sometimes
nn advantage. All In nil, whllo tho
ends served nre tho same, tho cholco
between a pit and an overhend shelter,
either H the form of a simple roof cov
ering or u moro elaborate manure
house, is ono of personnl choice.
Only Tubers of High Quality Should)
De Put Into Cellar or Pit t
If best results ore expected by stor
ing potatoes, only potatoes' of good
quality should be stored. Potatoes will
not improve In storago but nro moro
liable to go down In quality. Many
storage troubles are tho result of poor
field conditions. I'otntoe should bo
left In the Held a few hours nfter dig
ging to permit them to dry. Immature
potatoes will have to be handled and
Potatoes may be stored In open bins
In n cool cellar or burled In the ground.
If stored In a cellar, they should not
be piled more than a foot deep. When
stored In layers deeper than this or in
sacks, there Is moro danger of loss
Potatoes may be burled In tho
ground over winter. A shallow hols
about 0 to 12 indies deep should ba
dug and lined with about two Inches of
straw. The potatoes should be placed
in tho hole and covered with straw
end four or five Inches of soil. Ven
tilation should be provided In the snmo
manner as for storing other root
crops. As the weather gets colder,
pi a co another layer of straw on tho
mound nnd add sufllclcnt soil to pro
vent the tubers from freezing.
AVOID SOFT-SHELLED EGGS
"Instead of putting tho Ooddess of
Liberty on tho new dollor, wouldn't
Siercury bo more appropriate?" atk
an exchange. As far as we are con
vrnpd. thev might nn well make them
PREPARE LAND FOR ALFALFA
Desirable on Thin or Worn Soils to
Green Manure, Plow Deep and
It Is often desirable before seeding
alfalfa on "thin" or worn land to take
a year or two In preparing the soil
by green manuring, deep plowing, nnd
thorough cultivation; also liming when
necessary, with tho application, when
possible, of manure and phosphate fer-
Usually Caused by Hens Being Too
Fat or Insufficient Supply of
Tho cause of soft-shelled eggs- usu
ally is that tho hens nro too fat or do
not hnve sufficient food of a lime na
ture, or havo been worried, or the ovi
duct Is not In n good healthy condi
tion, which may bo caused by inflam
mation brought on by oerprodiictlon,
disease or Injury. If fowls are too
fat starve theni down, furnish them
with material for shells, keep dogs,
children nnd male fowls from chasing
them, provide porches near the ground,
feed lightly nnd use Inrge quantities
of greens and vegetables rather than
MUCH ECONOMY IN BALED HAY
Convenient to Handle and Advantage,
ous In Marketing Practice
A recent Investigative shows thnt
In some stntes ns many as 10 per cent,
or more, of the fnrras are equipped
with liny-balers and In many cases tbo
hay that Is stored and used on tho
farm is baled because of the Increased
economy In storage and the conveni
ence in handling.
While the advantages In marketing
of hay and straw aro the greatest ad
vantages obtained thus far from bal
ing, the advantages of baling tho ma
terials which are used on tho place
warrant considering tn& toe jvractlca