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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, February 07, 1895, Image 1

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Vol. 5 PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7,1895. No. 4.
ow, $~#'7' RIGHT 101
'Am I to make anythilng of my1) nro
When thousands of the south's defend
r ar giving theirs every day? Have
X not ;een our bo""s 1-id dosolato?
Have I not seen wy brothers, my frionds,
those I have loved, those I havo played
#with as' obildron, out down by either
bullet or disease? For months I have
0votod myself to the care of the sick
In 0o hospitals. There I learned to
dread a long continuance of this strug
gle. There I conceived the idea of do
lug something to win success for our
armies by giving them an advantage
not posseaodd by the enemy. I consulted
one high in rank. 'How can I give
my life to the best advantage?' I asked.
'In the seoret service.' 'Point the way.'
'Do you know anything of telegraphy?'
'No, but I can learn.' 'Go and study a
month and then come to me.' For a
month I studied night and day. I learn
ed to read words from the clicking of
the keys as readily as I can read letters.
I returned to my advisor. You know
the rest."
The general paced the floor with a
clouded lirow.
"I dread a catastrophe, " he said,
"in the case of one inspired by such no
ble sentiments. I dread to soo a woman
esposod to ignominy, perhaps death."
"If that time comes, general, God
will give me strength to bear It."
Who general was silent a moment and
then asked abruptly:
"Is your brother aware of what you
are doing?"
"He is."
"And he consents?"
"He does not. WO are individuals.
Eo is one of the noblest of the south's
legitimate defenders, but be is not re
sponsible for my nots, one of its illegit
imate machines. "
"The pifiehor that goes often to the
well is at last broken."
"Then some one elseo will spring up
to carry on the work. "
"God grant that the day may be far
distant-that it may never come. I can
hardly approve of it, though you are
working in my cause."
"General,," said the woman, her face
again lit3"ting as if inspired by some
absorbing thought, "each side has an
organized secret service. What general
would dare report to his government
that lie had acquired information which
would enable him to destroy his ene
my, but it had been obtained by illegit
imate means, and he would not take
advantage of it? Yet what general
would care to be called a spy himself?
We are engaged in a terrible struggle.
Before its close any and all moans will
be used to conquer. Cities will be burn
ed, vast districts will be laid waste.
Must I censo to employ the most effect
ive method of all because I am doing
illOgitimate work? Is my work more
illegitimate than trying to conquer a
people fighting for their independence?"
The general made no reply for a time.
"Yours is a singular family, " ho
said presently. "You are all alike, and
yet you differ. "
"We are united in the cause; we
differ as to the means."
The interviow was interrupted by the
ringhing of a dinner bell in the hall.
The genem-al enalod a negro and bade
him show Miss Baggs to a room up
stairs, to which she retireod for a few
minutes. The servant bronght in her
belongings from the buggy, together
with the little box. When she came
down stairs, the party were hvalting for
her before going in to dinner. Souri,
who had seen her covered by the sun
"For lover"
bonnot and her eyes screened with*
glasses, was astonished. She saw a
woman three or four years older than
herself, the beauty of her head and
nook contrasting with the homeliness of
her cstuimo. Miss B~aggs noticed Bouri's
surprise, and going up to her took lh
her hands and kissed her cheek.
"You sweet child, " she said feeling
ly, "you can't got nyor my appearance
when you mot me on the road this
morning, can you? What a fright must
I have seemed to you! I don't 0are for
those Yankee officers, but bless your
innocent heart I can't bear to have
shocked you."
Souri did not reply in words, but she
looked at Miss Baggs admiringly.
"Dong think hard of me,'' the latter
Went on,'drawing Bourn aside and mo
tioning the rest to go on into the dining
room. "I do only what I believe to be
a duty, for you must suspect that I keep
a secret. You could not play a part be.
neathm you, child. You are too loving,
too innocent, and yrou wonder how any
other woman ean.'
"I did onoc. "
"Before I wcnt to school."
"For your country?'
'No. "s
Miss Baggs looked Into Sour-s deep
eyes and asked softly:
"For love?"
Souri dropped her eyes to the)ow,
but her qustioner, who by this time
had put an arm around her, receiWed. nq
"Come, " sheeaid, "let us not'torture
each other. I see we both have our se
She led the way to the dinner room,
where the general and his staff were
standing waiting .for the two women.
The party wero joined by Farmer Slack
#nd Jakoy, and all Pat down at a signal
from the general.
"A dispateh for you, general."
An aid-de-oamp entered, followed by
a tall, bronzed Confederate cavalryman
with very muddy boots and a southern
sombrero on his head.. In his hand he
carried a' sealed envelope, on the loft
hand oorner of which was printed,
"Offlolal business."
"Why not brizig it 'yourself?" asked
the general, evidently put out at being
interrupted at dinner.
"Tho messenger says that he was in
struoted to deliver it tono one but your
self. It is from general headquarters.''
The man stalked in, his acoouter
ments rattling as he did so, and remov
ing his hat handed the general the com
munication. He opened it, and seeing
that it was in cipher handed it to a
member of his staff who possessed the
key and directed him to unravel it. It
read as follows:
HmAnquAnTln AnMY 3 A ,
To General -- Commanding Cavalry on Ex
treme Right:
Mir rrwoo lrddrx mexrr 1si krxn mn nbpy
minsfso ut tLxwrax dar am mirwo gb igjq vvim
kltvq ga ljsaga milckinginfy to lvdsvkwvgo.
Egsl jwpxy tx bag w.
MnAxTON BnAGO, Com'd'g.
Scarcely had the general given the
dispatch over for intorpretation when
another from the samo source, which
had come by telegraph, was handed
him also, evidontly an inextricablo
jumble of letters. This, too, was taken
up by th* cipher offioor. In tho course
of half an hour he handed intorpreta
tions of both to his chief. The first road
as follows:
The enemy having taken the gaps, I will
abandon my present line. Bo ready to form
rear guard to troops retreating by University.
Movo south at onco.
Hero is the second:
Enemy's telegram in cipher received. Can
not Miss Bagge securo information of the en
emy's intentions as to folowing this army
across the Tennessee? Such information would
enable us to be prepared if he attacks in con
contratod form or rut him up in detail if ho
The general gave the two messages a
few minute.' consideration, and then,
dismissing the aid who had interpreted
them, directed him to inform Miss Bagge
that he would like to see her.
When she entered, the general handed
her the Interpreted copies of the two
"Here is a more kniportant work for
you than any you have yet attemptd, "
he said.
She read both the dispatches and then
thought a few minutes.
"I am ready to undertake it, gen
eral," she said, "but without iuch
hope of success. I must first succee4 in
taking off a message in which the plan
of the Yankees is given or hinted at so
oloarly as to be Inferred, and then it
must be interpreted, for it will surely
be in cipher. "
"If you could succed in both, you
would Insure us victory in the west,
and that would be half the battle to the
nse. "
"I will undertake it. '"
"You will be exposed to a frightful
danger. "
"You know, general, that I have do
voted my life to this work. I conskder
that as already sacrificed."
"We move from here at once, as you
seo by the order just reoeived. "
"I will go with you a part of the way
and watch an opportunity to slip back
behind the Union lines. "
With that Miss B~aggs went out, and
the general began his preparations to
cover the retreat of the right of the
Confederate army.
No further attention was paid to
Fa'rmoer Slack and his family. Evident
ly there was business of greater impor
tance on hand, They went out on, to the
doorstop, where they stood wondering
what wvas going on about them. Every
oneo was stirring. An orderly dashed up
to the door loading an officer's horse
ha'ddlod and bridled. An aid ran out of
thet houso, and mounting in hot haste
rode away. A man from an upper win
dow onlled out to him:
"Wh~lat's up?''
"They've scured the gaps."
"Liberty and Hoover's. All of 'em."
"W~ell, what of it?"
"CWhat of it? It means retreat." And
before the last word was spoken ho was
out of sight.
In a few minutes a bugle was heard.
Its tones had soaroely died awvay before
the camp was alive with men preparing
to move.
The farmer determined to got is
children into the wagon as soon as pos
uible. Ho had been gven his pass,
which, for the preson a least, wai
likely to be of little use, as ho would
simply follow the army. The party'los{
no time in getting to the wagon and
into It and drove down the read, Bnul
they wereo too late. The way was choked
were soon brought to a halt. The gei.
oral dashed past, with his stad, an4
who should bo by his side, her striped
dross covered with a gray riding skirt,
a sombrero on her head, with a jaunty
cook's feather encircling its crown, but
Miss Baggs. Soeing the farmer's wagon
waiting by the roadside, she reined in
Bobby Lee beside Souri and took her
"Goodby, my dear. I trust that your
innocent heart will not have to suffer
more than the rest of us during the con
thiuanoo of this fearful struggle. You
know we are all being tried in a fiery
furnace. We'll meet again. I know it.
If you ever need any help or protection
when our army is near, hunt up Betsy
"Whar's th' chickon coop?" called
Jakey as she rode away.'
"What chicken coop?"
"Th' one on whools."
"Oh, the buggy," she said, smiling.
"I left that for the Yankees to pick up
when they come along. "
"Rats'll be ridin inter it, I rookon."
"If he can find it, he's welcome to
it," and with a laugh she dashed after
the rest.
Farmer Black only sucoeeded In get
ting a few miles on the way before
nightfall. Then, coming to a small vil
lage, he made up his mind that it would
be better to sloop there than attempt to
go on through a country being abandon
ed by one force to be immediately ocou
pied by another. He know well the
crowdod condition of the roads and the
perils of night travel. So singling out
a house beside the road, which was the
main street of the place, and seeing a
woman standing in the door, ho asked
if she would give him and his party a
night's lodging.
"Reckon I kin keep you uns, but
hain't got no stablin fo' the oritters. "
"Oh, I kin find a place fo' them
uns, " said Slack, and handing out his
daughter sho went into the house with
Jakey, while the farmor drove off to
find shelter for the horses. Jakey wish
ed to go with him, but his father bade
him stay with Souri.
The woman of the house was depress
ed. She was not strong, and the contin
ued successive occupation of the country
by Union and Confederate troops for
more than a year had completely worn
her out.
And now auother shifting was at
hand. At first she had spoken her son
timents freely. They were with the
Confoderacy, but lately she had come to
endeavoring to find out the sentimonts of
strangers bcforo betraying her own.
Wondering whether sho was harboring
Unionists or secessionists, sho began to
question Jakey.
"Reckon you uns live nigh 'bout
hyar, don't y', boy?"
"Nigh enter th' Soquach."
"Lot me fill that kettle for you,"
said Souri, socing the woman about to
take up a wooden bucket she was scarce
ly able to lift. The woman suffered her
and went on making inquiries of Jakey.
"Thur mixed over thar'. Somo's Un
ion, 'n somo's secsh. Which air yor
"Waal. I ben ter ;kulo a year, 'n paw
he mought 'a' changed sonco I wont
away. "
"Don't say 'mought,' Jakey, dear,"
said Souri.
The woman looked at Jakey inquir
"Y' couldn't 'a' l'arned much at
skulo of y' reckon a man's gaoin ter
chauge sides in this hyar fight. Th' git
wusser 'n wusser. Still of ye'd ben hyar
ye'd l'arncd thet. Reckon y' ben no'th
to skulo?"
"We have been north-in Ohio,"
said Souri as she p~ut the kettle on the
It was midnight at the little frame
house where slept the Slack family.
Farmer Slack was awakened by a pound
ing at the front door. Then he hoard
the woman by whom they were shelter
ed got up, and going to the door lat
some one in. The partition was tbmn,
and every word that was said could be
plainly hoard.
"Lordy, Boen, whar did y' come
from?" sked the woman.
"Whar y' gain ter?"
"Up inter the mountings. "
"What fur?"
"Ter lay low till the armies move on
south. Th in we uns 're gein ter hang
in the tailens of the Yanks. Thur's bet
tor feedin than thur is behind Confeder
"Oh, Ben, I wish you'd stop this
business. Go0 'ni jino one o' the armies,
I don't keer which. Only stop this kind
o' work. "
"Polly, you know I've boon driv to|
't. What have thoy left us? Nothini but
this house. Ef I didn't rake among the
refuse that the Yankees leave behind
'em, whar w'd you 'n th' children be?''
"But why air y' Ieavin now, Ben?
What does 't all mean, tho mien goin
south? Hlain't th' gemn ter fight at Tul
"Thor gittin outon Tullyhomy this
very minute. "
"How d'yo know?"
"I keom from thar this afternoon.
The trains were gein outon the place
loaded with supplies. What's them
things doin than?''
lHe pointed to some of the belongings
of the Black family. The farmer could
hear the woman caution bor husband to
speak low, but by that time Slack's oar
was at a crack.
"Thor's a family hyar stayin all
night, " she whispered.
"Any orittors?"
"Two, but I don't want y' tor take
'enm, lion. It's onnateral. Thur's a
sweet young gal ez helpod me gi t sup
per, 'n I wouldn't hov nothin happen
to liar fur the world.''
"I won't take thur critters tel after
y' git me somep'n Ier eat. Coamo, be
lively, my dear. I hievn't hied a squar'
meal in two days. "
"Whar's the gang?"
"'I loft 'emt a mile t'other side o' th'
townt. We got ter git inter th' nioun
tings afore th' Fedorals come along.
Whar air the young uns?"
"'In thar."
The farmer otld see the man go
into a room into which the candle from
the one adjoining cast a dim light. 'Thle
put his lean face down lioside the round
warm ohook of a child and groaned.
"Jakey," whispered Farmer Black,
$akey awakened, but could not mak<
it known, el'cause his father had clap
pod his hva;.l over his mouth.
"Be t: . my boy, till I git yes
clothes. .. 't yer make no sound to
yer life. 's m:. a guerrillas in th' house.'
The farmor got Jakey's clothes and
his own. They put thom on, using al
possible oaution. Then the farmor tool
his .on's hand and led him on tiptoo t<
the opodl window. Ono thoro, he took
him up in his arms, and passing him
through it dropped him on the ground
a few feet below. Then Black got
through himself and dropped beside
"Now for the stable, my son."
Going aoross some vacant lots, they
reachod the stable and took out both
the horses.
"Jake, " said the father, "I'm goin
to the headquarters of the Federals. I
want yer to stay 'In take keor o' yor sis
ter. "
"Souri don't need no one ter take
koor o' her. "
The farmor went back into the sta
blo, leaving Jakoy to hold the horses,
and brought out a addle and bridle.
" Waal, Jake, " he said presently,
"she's a gal 'n may uoed y'."
"What yer goin fo'?"
"T' tell 'em the southern men air
gittin outon Tullyhomy. 'T may make
a lot o' diffor ter th' cause.''
"Why can't I go 'n do thet?"
The farmer made no reply. He wont
on equipping the horse for a ride, but
he was thinking. After all, wouldn't a
boy have a better ohance to get through
than a man? Ho had great confidence
in Jakoy's abilities in this direction,
"Jakccu," vispc-red. Farmer Slack.
for they had been tested long befor
near the beginning of the war. Then hi
disliked to leave his daughter withou
protection in a lawless torritory.
"Jake," ho asked at last, "do y
think y' c'd do 't?"
"I kin put y' on th' road 't Manchoi
ter. Thar or beforo y' git thar y'
find Yankoo. Bnt yer powerful litt:
fo' sloh a job. " And tho farmor lookc
at his son undocidedly.
"Do y' think I'm a babby ter be rol
ed in a cradlo?"
"No, Jakey. Yor a 'markablo litt
chap. Thur's not 'nother boy o' you
ago livin I'd trust to carry this mnessagi
I reckon I'll lot y' try it.'"
Slack took Jakoy up in his arms an
sat him on the horzc. Thei ho ahorter
ed the stirrups till all tho holes in th
straps wore exhausted, when ho ou
new ones, making tho length a prope
one for Jakoy's little logs.
"Now, Jake, " said his father in
tone that bespoke a desiro to put resol
tion into himself and tho boy at th
same time, ''tell th' Federal gonorn
that a guorr illa kom to the house whai
we war sloopin and tolo his wife the
the southern men air gittin outon Tul
lyhomy. lie keom from thar this after
neon. 'N, my boy, oz I often tolo y
afore, remember yer a Uniener 'n haini't
afraid o' nethin. Thar's th' read. "
"Tom, you git. "
H1ad net Jakey Slack possessed a stoui
hoart he would have qualled at pushini
out in the middle of a dark night on e
road of which he had no knowledg<
and possessing. the disadvantage of be
ing occupied by neither Union nor Con
federate troops. Between the rain and the
artillery and the wagons, the roads were
all out to pieces. Water stood every
whore, and often where the way passoc
over a depression in the ground it was
necessary to pass through small lagoons.
This in the daytime, when one mighi
keep the read by observing the fences,
when there were any, would not hav<
been so difficoult, but overshadowed b3
the great black wings of night thor<
was absolutely no guide save by fooling
underfoot or an occasional glimmoi
ahead indicating that tho way la3
through an opening in the forest.
Tom floundered along at a very slow
pace. Jakey found it not only dimfiull
to keop him in the road, but impossibk(
to keop out of mudholes wvhen on It.
Now Tom's fore legs would siunk into c
soft spot and again would splash into
deep rut, or one lug wvould be in the rui
while tho othor was on the highe1
ground. Then he would flounder, whil<
Jakey hold on to the saddle with all hii
strength to keep from being thrown of
by Tonm's wvrithings. All the while
drizzling rain was slowly working it:
way through Jakoy's jacket to got a
the skinz. Trho boey tried to guide hi
horse for awhile, but fuially concludes
that Tlom wvas far bettor qualified t<
find his wvay thani ho was himsolf, an<
dropping the reins on the pommel a
the saddle turnied his undivided atton
tion to keeping his seat. Every noi
and then T1om would stop and loo]
about him, as much as to say, "'Jakoy
I don't like the looks o' things at all.'
But if Jakey understood him lie mad
no comment on the remark. lHe ha<
placed Tom in command and did no
propose to interfere.
Just before morning the darknos
grow thicker. Tonm had for severs
miles proved himself worthy of the con
fidoec reposed ini hinm and kept th
road, but all of a sudden lhe brought u
against a snake fonco.
Jakoy was discouraged. Hie knes
Tomn had lost tihe road, and as for hinr
self lie did not feel conmpotent to fin
it again. Bringing the horse sidewal
to the fence, he slid ofY on to the tegra
and then do~~i oin to the ground. Rol4
inu Iin he roh and Imul b Tom..-for I
It Is Still Indulged in by a Grea
Many Amerioana.
A Now York Tobacconist Gives Some In
teresting Information About the
Production and Consuniptiou
of the Articlo.
If the ghost of a man of Queen Anne'
time could revisit this world in thxes<
days it is probablo that lie would no
be more surprised by his deecidants
advance in material achieveien ts tiaut
grieved at the general disappeairance o
the snuff box, that indispenwablo ar
ticle in the equipment of every gentle
man11xi of high fashion on which thl
beaux of his age and of that succeeding,
lavished extravagant sums. An inl
quiry at any tobacconist's of the ok
style-and there are still a few in NeuI
York--would reveal the fact that th<i
community of the sieezo still exit:
among a not inconsiderablo nubeir o
the moderns. If he chose to dip into tlhi
United States internal revenue stati.
tics he would find that the yearly pro
duction of snuff in this country is larg
enough to insure to each inhabitant v
supply of at least two ounces, the tota
output averaging eight mi11101
pounds. And of snuff boxes, thougl
those of his day are now to be fout
chiefly in collections of antiquarians, hi
inight yet find good store ti a litth
Sixth avenuo shop a writer for the Neu
York Tribune knows of; not so elabor
ato as his own, but offering him hi:
choice of tortoise shell and papie:
mache, tastefully inlaid with mother
of-pearl; of horn (recalling Nan-dyI
"mull") and of becechwood, the latte1
carved in quaint designs. Ile migh
even purchase the gold and silver ro
ceptacles if he found the right silver
smith, for some of them are still made
"We don't soll as niany boxes as wt
used to," said the dealer, "because th<
snuff comes in such Ccineniont pack
ages," a fact which would again shoel
our eighteenth century ghost and con
vince him that lie had indeed falli
upon evil days. As a matter of faci
the principal consumers, in this city, it
least, are foreigners, the Irish, Ge:
mans, French and Italians perhaps cor
stituting the largest number. In tIl
days of the fashion there wero as man
brands of snuff as there are now <
tobacco, but all that is changed nov
3 The varieties most in denmand are Alu(
3 coboy, Lundyfoot, French, Scotch an
t Lotzbeck. "They don't vary iucl i
price, except that Lotzheelc, the onl,
imported one, is considerably highe
priced. The Irisli seei to prier Mal.
co)Oy, perhaps from the idea t liat ti
1name has an Irish origin, but it hasn'
I1 it is corrupted fromi a Ws::t I iiulia WON
0 'lacabao.' Another of their favorit<
d is Lundyfoot, known alo asi Ilisi 1]ig
toast and Irish Ilack::uiard. Lund;
foot, according to the sto-y, was a Du
lin tobacconist. Some of his snulf whi
0 being dried in the iili was s-ivorebe
r and he set a tub of it outside his sht
for the poor to dip up as they passt
by. So nmany found the high IhIv
pleasant that the accidental high dr
ug iindo his namiio fanmotus, for it wi
applied to tihe brand he a ftt-rward ma a
ufactured by tiat procesis. Curiousi,
enough, the Gcermins are fondest of a
r French suuf lomowi as (Gaumbmt ta.
''My best cust onmmers, aire very reticen
about their suff-takinii. Many o
- them say they are buying it fo'r of h1rs
f ind they make all sorts of rhlicluloui
excuses for buying. It seems to be a
habit people are aauseid of, and
dara say3 some1 peCrionIs indulge it with
out the knowledge of1 their families.
have more women Lhan mn among m3
customersi, and, yes, some of thiemi 'dip,
men as well us women. Ilins snuff-tak
ing any effect upon longevity? Well,
don't know. I lost 01n0 eustomier b,
death the other day, an old wvomani
who bought snuff of me for fifty-Lw,
years. I have four or five customers oI
thirty or thirty-live years' standing
and at least twenty who have tradeu
with mne over twenty years."
Th~le '"wishing bow" hia' for* a lonm
time bleen a pretty fad among the Nc
Orleans girls. And a girl without
trim little bow of redl or blue oi somf
other color is hard to find on that mnos
fashionable promenade, Canal street
"Thme bow must be put on with aiI wisi
andI not removed until it is granted o
unitil the time for granmtinig it lha
passed b~y," any' Creole girl wvill tel
you. The tendency of the age, som
people are glad to note, is to let fune;
have a little freer scope thanm he'reta
fore. No one was ever harmed yet b;
p~retty make blelieves, ouch as fair;'
stories, mythological legends, jewe
traditions, and the Ilihe, any mnore thmi
by the juidicious ~ commigl ig ofi ,;weet
The Longevity of Tountiu nnd Frogs S9a<
to fle Surprising.
Th'le persistence of life i frogs is ver;
longt. SpaLllanzani preserved somec frog
in a mass of snow for t wo year's. The;i
becamIe dry, stif and1( abI nost friabl(
but aL gradual heat br'ought thiem bac
to life. Vttlpian observed ai retur'n c
life in frogs and salanmanders that ha
been poisoned with enaead nie
tine. Inm both cas-e:, the aimauillls i~
queistionl had been for .''vera Iday~
in the condhitionm of "1ada1vers. TJodI
havye been shut ump in blochs of l e
ter, and themn, having been depive'4 o
all ir excep~jt whlat, may, pieletrat<
'through thoe II mteriail, anmd of ali
soure's of food, red'susceitad se(Cl~ vera
yearls afterwnard. Theo~ quest ion pr15
sen ts onie of the most, cui ous plem')Cl
that biological science has been enllhe
on to explain. TIhe longevit y mand vitF
resistance of toads are surprising. lb
sides the experinents we haive cite<
nature somnethnen presentl somne alreadI
madeCI, and vastly more astontishmint
* Toads are said to have been foundi~ I
3 rocks. Such cases ae r'are, but
would be ats urcasonale to doul11
them as to be]loeve in some (of I lie mira
ulhou~s explanations that have been ma<
of the matter. Thme phenomeniC'Ion
dmarvolous, it is true, but it is su
'L ported by evidence that wve are ni
Liable to contest; and skepticim, wvhnich
-incompatible with science, wil have
10 disappear if rigorous observation sht
cI'n r it
TH E C4. .:00 ;
uo inhat it Jutr by (3:.I er I ! .
vation Army.
Way ip in one of the 1;t inace:*i.
leo portions of 1.h1 li chna rai e of
m1oun1tains, ner Prewt t, A. T., thero
5s . til nt ed pe rhas I . the ! Io t i iVue
mlinutlg camp III thewr, :r te
mining 11lniustry .an t' Tiu. m The
is Ii.te-n men Who dlaily (oil inl the Cenl.
Booth adnel are.( all mebr f im ".al
'vat-in Aimy, ani 1h. o 1it o OLo
mine all "o Itoh t h Ir.::ur of thit (r
galizatin. 'T'he hitor 4of the location
ai d sibseqjueiit devl1oplient of the
minle Isineetn.
"Old DiCkC" T;1% 10r, t1 in'H-Corerer', '3
oneo of te11. best ii 114wn11 i ,l ( "i :
cesslfl pr'osp1etor. in th 2 te.rrit -r P.
C(..omnIg.( to Aririau in tim 1- .-o i.
wlen the whole soni h m . 80rn1 couli ry
was ia wilerv neS:; rive11 4ver to 1.:0
A paelm indilas, h h: 5r:v peeted
tile country froni onle en d to) th
other, an11d lei't. 114nre v hil
elltions" thlan it :ny oAter mn1 III
Arizona. The Onei ilorwe, tivi lw-k
aind 11 1Sert1 nilneSt in 11h. 11.li r1-I,
Ifnla counltry, thle Apawhe andt New~
Yorkc in the Supe.rstitious mlounltains.,
the King in the liradhA1ws.2 an1d 11analny
others8 were loented by him, and have,
13ince1 1ma4de fortunes for the investors.
Dick Taylor was, perhaps, the most
profaie man411 inl the Iollthwest, I is
v abulary of Inveetive was soimething
plienoiieial, an1(d was broucIght, in1to us11
oni the silightest provocai ion. The pie
turesqueness anI volu h ility of his oaths
were proverbial over the territory for
mnany yev . It Is said that aftlr each
SauTa .- would hv1 Iestn it year's
griilb-sta (I anld theni proceed to Spnd
the rem mnder of the money in tho
Wildest debalhelery. At one 1ihne1 11o
ran11 through with tenlhul n dollars
ill two weeks in Ihlonix, throwing his
money 1wa1y ill the m.ost reckless m1an1
nier. H is m11oniey once gonec, he returned
to his pro1 specting, and touched n1o
liquor until 11 next sale.
It wav1s ill udia4tely after the Sale of
the Apache ndue1 for fifteen Ihomnand
dollars that he started 1n hin wildest
delach iii Phllnix. For over at m1onth
he did iot draw a sober breath, and,
t t last, reduced ugain to poverty and
--weakeneCd mentally and1 physially, h1e
. >rofescd religion at n opnL-air met
0 ng of the Salvattion Arm. in Pieniix.
y For over two months lie marched witi
, tho army it its itightly I:evtings, but
1finding such a1 rouine life to) ik41m111,
, C agliil started for 1ih hil. Not I lg
d was heard of him fore I'04 I wt I I I1.4 w)1
a nd it, wan repored tht1 ie' 1:1. I
y ied on the de. .rt , 1-1.< ,w : -0
r a1Kain un d up i li: i.
burro liinl 4f rieb '-re, whijeli ivlm
e town ahhize wil h e ' -nwat. *oni4 o)f
L, thlet luigt, whh-h h(b1n.hw
1, va1'le-d t liity1 d 5. I .415, ioi ,,sk II
s srprsed wn h,- a on-,A Isk in
- telitionl of tini. I,;. late-,t tindl 4v
to the Salvtioi Aryi. IL s iti,
pi- pogered to and( acerk~ pied by that oll
eganli:-.at ion, and fifiven %.(n volutevered
,to de.velop It. Wer"..1 wasconncl
,p ove. av.14 ear a1 i'clr 'ho direction of
p Taylor, andi(4 ha.,; 1rred t cad(I
,' sin'. The pay st reaki is sixte en i 1hes
.wide, and ha:; paid wellrm thek gra! -
s roof.. ''hle ore is trented inl I wo
- crusher: (refed nr t he' 2151Jw, but it
is )w4posed 5oon 1 bril;e i1 4 kil-ist I
, IIll. Stict religions di cipline ik
1111i 1tain1ed ill I he ca mp. m4 i t. - profits,
after paying the r1 er -ry 0enses
go into tei treasury o) i bf ih11 11y to aid
inl ie work of (hat. org1 1a1.. Two
hiils ( of SIx mn :: h w 1 111de
groundll(, while511 the re1ninint1h-r attend14. to
the trea41411t.nn 441 lii' 4're ::ml tranlslor
are1 freighted ne )131( 4umb-e m'.4 ilesl.
.nIuit ais she4'41 a Qu44en Ii. IoSomil nettecr t.44
Call~4 Ilr t'uan13 r42r1 It.
Q.ueen Viclt oriai is aL remarkabhl 4y (con
servattive (old lady m;. far, as4 114e rout ine1
(If li fe goes'. She loV:' 414 custoa and5~ i
doesn't like necw 1th1ings--o even. ne211 1w
furinit~ure or new fashions. "\Vhen.4 a
years 4 back, sent,5444 herlcibie by5a1 1her
themii dre85sed 11. was44 4a114 is 81511ll t
mode.011, ini tucekedl blonl.tts dresses w.itlhouit
no1 311( hi sould be brought, to her ini
other but full dress, and full diresls in
t her mind4( did not exist without thei
' s1mart sash) she0 1had( a1lays known.
And very courteously but11 firmly she
made(1 ob)jectionl to thle little frocks, and
a (sked thaIt the next timei 1.1e couintessi
brought heor children to her that 'she
would not forgot the1 sashes40.'"
The11 queen, saOys the1 Newv York Trrib
. une, still1 wears the horrible congress
-gaitersl of thirty years ago in which her
foot shows 110 signi of Spanuish instep.
Her~ childreni still address 1her1 in thle
way whih s fashonabldewhien the~y
uipper class ever said4. '"ilot14.r" 1.hen;1
and1( froml th1e( (eldest to. the1( younlgest
they 1.il1 call1 the qneen01 "AM~lama."
Wihero C'arlhou Roamll.
A bout thte slopes3 of MounIt Kat alhdinI,
inMtaine, and1( ran~lging the1 hlogs a~nd
wvoodlands of tihe coun~try at,. itst foot,
great herds of caibon101 pasture1 upon
twigs, bairk an~d 1114. marsh381 gras44 anid
moss(18, from whichl 111..t1 te hey will have42
to scIrape 1.1he sno0w with I heir fore feet,
as5 1.he(1r kind1redl, the La:p)lndand 141( ..5
berianI rehindeer, do4. They are. m133 ii
ini 1.heir4 tratvels, 111( nd 1~ a 4 -aing. unIex..
peet(edly in1 lcalitie .h.1.h. 14f1ter* a
period1, thley aire n1t to leave1424 with
equatIl isuiddennets'.. .\- le herd'4 r'4
cntly 51een1 near11 .ilnI latahd1.in1 w
estimatedcs to 1n14nh1 t~ wo hun. 1114
betwen e deer1( (43 and1 the11 4 (40..', and1
hi a11 4ppeaIrance and ha:5 ibits 1411 essen
.1taltly those1 oIf lt" ArPetic reindeer.
An Anclint ilinnic Note.
y Trheoao liniIl (?4glan has1 InA 4 its po50s
. sssionI a hanh1 not11( da14ted D ecembier
ni 19, 169,9, for' E.-> t. I1.'as pr'intedl fromi
.1 an1 en1gra1vedi p'.ate, 1)111 1111ad11 bhik spaice
.1 for thei amoun11t, daIto, niumlber, 1and. sig
n1 tature. Across it areO wr.itten mecmo
is4 threeC instalhnents. In aippearanice it i1
1101.t altolgethe(r unlliko the mnodern note
>t In the bank library 1s another note to
is ?25, which wans not presenited for 11
to years. Another curiosity, said to b,
11 unione. is a notn for no lesa tha
Our Fluturo Rival in tho MantfaOc
two of Cotton.
Antonishing Progress, in the Varlous Me
chiatva Ist'ing iado by the Stu
d1iust Peopne of the t*'low
ely lIglo~n.
.Japan1 't:1ots for 1.053 amounted to
11011n3l $400,000 aut;((20) ;Hording to a report
of Dr. Paul Iitter, the Swiss vice con
:ul at Yokolliuma. Comparatively few"
of the products were .jont froi Amer
i,-n. Great IDrilain m:niges i o control
tho greator partof the mitt there.
A Liericians have creiated a stir in
Japan, thouigh, by the esablisliient
of' a wat Ch fietory. Tiis big; colerai
vwsI les-ribed ill detail inl a .,ceit let
ter from 1.'rank c. Car)enter, tho press
c'orrpondenit. .1lpan imnported 103,747
watlhewsi 12 ,116t:, 8a in $139. The
vt1ile of the wa~thes impor-ted in 1803
wasi about :l,;00. Amoricans nre
after this trade, mot f hich h1as
1ilK to t.he Swiss. Of the 103,747
v. i 1hes i mportied in 11"11, F0,71:0 e:nei
fr..l S itzelan , F ance sent 10,4.',,
(.-Ur1my 3.("o-, an~d the Unifted Stat es
:0i1'1. t irent HIrit ain sert but 01. The
wi1'; coniu thinks tait. Swiss wvatch
.mrsthave nolthingt to fear froni tho
rnebrent:mfI t he A tlerin11S. Their
oh1 *iOet, lt! s' s. i to inm nl facure cheap
wateow. lie hiha tatthe.11lain so
do n)ot want. vheap 1). w1112 falwts
ogo otea of ayly- e.,re money for
the expenivo 1Mr.:,. atce h
Am.erie ; oui-ll' 4w :11o.: in
tIe new.nov. , ry l unJnmuo li uvecret of
the fait tt i e ','l1on (Ith le ground to
take advatago of the remably
ieenp labo (if t hatf enuntr. Th
American rI .olled-,o Al or filled-gcold easo
is popular in TJapan. Nearly 500 of
themI were imiported by thai1t country
in 189)3.
.1lpan ilmlports goods to the value of
about $700,000 more than she exports.
lier principal articlesiof export aire rice,
tell aid silks. In 1893 the ex)ortsn of
tea to the United States foll oil' nearly
one-thirdi. The United k.uts isJapa'si
best customer li the purseliio of tens.
Prices of tea in .1ap an fell so much that
toIuly .1lapaonese tell iliseis have turned
1their attention to raising barley and
other eteeni. The prodlctioln of icO
repreets one-111f (ho totil aigricul
tiral prodniet of it ouintry. Jpan
exports so igal re to Elrope. The
.1 apantiset igartes ver inneh liko
the Ai irican. It I fct t iley Me usilngr
A:11.ria innhinery in s e .apaneso
eiorttefaAt rie:'.
The li at-1 .ta is Iaan' chtir e
Io-rlw for 1 m, moIaJil ilt (ii her in
by 't 10 I h'(mi I . '' ius
The l pl '..ivol the lstku inour
i; Te y e. .\mt ri:ti n g ht. of lislo
I'n l'iM t i)l'O m~u-i'0 t.nvontrillun
e ipedtt, ndln(:l .'niuandelesn iny
1w i threwi eniray. Thi toontr
pit i a tly no ,i ,iduiosr anda,
abos ago tha 1npa ur vys ent'! ir bitae
tii J1pn tolr sil t hel hotlu 1,1s ot
yt t re cok vred. i i l~. m stltii
The eptl ton5 lil the r o fa n tis o
ie intret he ItonAmiei nhan prny
ited hut nter neOhlsl of ia a few
rs. lfls rit ions ae tust.1anti'ated
by .somel ofice onlR iier'spi fgure.
Thed u lrgest itin;C11 teotast hfrto
factvoer is astonishingu.
Ine Cot thewr werec tweny-our mills
Anop rationrwitoh i300 pinrlls. I
to0 the mlws iecae 1111i't ) foley-.hree,
withO tl0 oft its 2pines. Manuar.l
Plaor hi a fploristl is e pu lin Japano tis
'nd, rapy hs been. the growth o ohi
Sturdy coto n ' 1 innote 7,10,3
isoIntdrste iln 1:1 e th,I ii;g producedi a II
port el)O~.' toppor,3i,491 pods, ho a ror
ress.1 rAmt era ma well fear1 Japa s
a11 compeltito itn 1e ie of the
factre ''lstk tioncerned. iiit ffli
Arlat. Aocrt orit l' aetnre
The lanwhtonows hao longer with eruc
l)toheilowe in01( i s fotoenhou' as a.
botonniere, bouts a the tfoet. The
spellO b~~ete cusoeg , to s oon h
for interes ~lted of vtdinlt.4flori cat.
no hevtt opotuw ould be a ilod
than ight hife. Yiou an uullylero ile
upi adm'is2Lcu pition and ane byaihe
flese wears,"says'. hthe Piladlhia~i
Retycod.' "Tak tuhi a re rnoonas an
tae.s Aotil anre hAorag.tr
yonA meLao riuno anuily called
forgchrysanthemumI. fThle seected
the lartgest s Ilhad (If tile much
bosternoutiodne whollowed uth(ed int
tlnhle~ boqutu the st lrty. Theyll
aferar ca Sin an tor an asktuedo
for a bigbunch dolrf viltfor hos coat.
Th wvoe woutld haveCO blguen~ huetaby
fo his weaifes, Then bl-a m ebert thf
'Pthis pntu utra e wht eanti~ons in
thelat ofnth thro tctaster." tryn
to plargteFlorunn fuackly ( tit.
thre.tAgstor is told of tile duch-e
1\adidi in uthreat esr povlerty. heart.
four mil illi dollady. A nmber of w
ther. Aotherag famouywnt ret
cait, and t~uhedt remaindewento ying
thron. 1hms o Saistoul shen uher
Ic(aring. that. amoady, amenmbe ofwa
elry reachi id her she retur)ned it, saying
she did no0 want it and was glad to
have been (of somre serviee.

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