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I PEOPLES -
VOL 5.---N0. 34, ' ES .CT RD Y. l-"M E
Tho Sweet Itelease.
The following touching Iem was written
by the late Gibbes Gardiner. of Augusta,
a., whose life was chequered with ups antld
downs in in finite variety:
After a while a busy br'in
Will rest from all iis care and paiii
A fter awhile l fe's rush will cease,
And a wearied heart lind sweet release
After awhile a van4ished face
An empty chair-a vacant placte
After a while a nmine forgot,
A crumbled stone, an nknown spol.
She was the daughter of John Art!oy,
whose run on the Western Division
began and ended at Orival Junction.
The Junctlon consisted of a round
house the railway station, a few
shantfes, a dreary boarding-house, and
a choice collection of possibilities ; but
Pho'be, being Motherless, spent much
of her time on hor father's engine, or
in her uncle's otlice at the station, and
so got a larger view of life than the
.Junction itself could give.
At fourteen she had two ambitions.
One was for her father, reaching out
to the timo when he should have a
smart "eight-whooler" and a pts
songer run. 'ihe other dated from a
trip to Cheyenne with her father when
he was a imember of the grievance
" You'll have to put in your time
around the hotel while I go to the
meeting," he had told her: and Ih-bhc
betook herself to the parlor, where a
smartly dressed young woman wits
playing upeot ntil ancient andIIII someWhat,
" tinpanny " piano. The music was of
the kind called "popular," and the per
former played as the Irish man blew
the cornet-by main strength and
awkwardness-but Pho'be went back
to Orival Junction that night with a
,,inviction that life was scarcely worth
Ali'ing without at piano and the ability
to1 )ay it.
J51W said something of the kind to
her.iv,olo the next day, wlIen she was
helping him on the coal report, and le
", 1tl)ppght you were beyond such
things." .1, said. "1 A girl who can
,run a logotnotivo, figure bills of lading.
and telegrakph the arm ofl of half the
operators on the line, to be wanting
such a line lady's plaything as a
"Oh, but, Uncle Tom, you just ought
to have heard her : She played and
played until I forgot who I wits and
iwhere I came from. You can't think
1how beautiful it was !"
" Yes, I can: I was night opertator
ADliCeyenne once, and I actually lived
in the house with that piano fort six
months. And I hopo everybody who
kept tme awake with it when I was
trying to catch iu) ily sleop will ie
forgiven," he added, taking the
"6 Freight Forwarded " book from the
" Don't you like music, n ncle Tom ?'
she asked, getting a bunch of abstracts
to call off to hut.
"Oh. music, yes-but that's dif
forent We used to have music back
at the old home in Ohio; your aunt
1-ho'bo played the organ in church,
and wt all sang iII the choir, IieS pi' d
" Did ia play ?"
'-'Velb, I mean to learn tand I meati
, ,i,ve a piano, too, somtie time. I
exish ga could get a run so we could
ltive 44 a town; then I mIight hear
imusict'nce in I while, anyway."
" But wvhat would hecome of me ? I
.couldn't got aiong without you."
"You'd xcome, too. As if [ didn't
;know that yqli keep this job just so's
to be with us "
That wtas the fact. Tomi Nornian
Iiad ti'ansferred his love for ht is favor'ite
sister' t~o her child, and he had followed
John Artley's shifting fortunes from
one desolate dliv isiont station to anotheri,
for' the sole p~urpo)se of watching over
anid caring for Phoibo.
" Do you believe pa ever will get a
good ruii ?" asked P'hobel, when the
freight forwarded had all been entered.
"Oh, I hope so. We'll go ont hoping
so to the endl of the chapter, too, won't
we ? Answcr that call, will y'ou,
Phoube sat down at the tcolograp)h
"Lar'ge gangs of tramttps arc moving
eastward oni freight trains. D~entvetr
reports that miore have left there to
meet Californias at I )aival. Watch
incoming east-bound1 freigh ts and re
port protmptly any unusual tramnps at
''What's thtat-mtore troubtlo ?''asked
Normian, catching a wordl her'e and
there in the nmessage.
Pho'be sighed wearIly, " Oh dlear,
yes, it's m~oro tamps); and it'll he just
p~a's luck to catch them out here on
- Norman r'oad the message and shtook
his head dubIously. "' I've been afraid
of that all summeri," .he said. "' Tihere
has beoon a bigger crowdl than ustual
,'rom Cali for'nia this season, and, now
the Leadville excittment Is d ying down,
they'll he pourtinig out of Denver by
the cartloatd. i htope they won't makLle
trouble hert ; it woulhin't take mtore
than twenty live or thirty of themt t~o
vtake the town andh everybo'dy in it.''
,,IPhoibo bit the end of her' pen holderi
rand thrutst out her' chint in a way thtt
,miade hot' look vory much like r'esoluto
Aloha A rtley. "' I know otto thing they
Wmehit .do," she said, w ithi a deliatt
Ulttihool, "'They won't make pat pul11
'Oli lnless he has ordlers, like they did
'iisc .i'l Galfoy last sptring.'
.i e .anfter'noon wor'e away without
'nt .anid thtere was nothing to
int nit., attil seven o'clock, when the
re po~W.nsOf 20.1 catne In fairly al i'v e
two8 S anpst.3). Tiwenty miinuite later
w iht,h ' jf if.ight from l~env.or rt'iv'ed,
the tim tother continigent,. Tihe
"d")n ittm' reported that theo hat]
bediinuM ito, bitt that, was bcause
tecrno y aui booen so far outnumber
0( tS tco y~i . ancrte out of the ques
Nt rita w 'y. f'utll report of the
situation to tl.-.e ,4iipp.tchitrt, andI whil
he was waiitini !for'. fnstrutions thu
wai'ting-roomti h y Cwos and)( thr'ees. Ii
abshion.o of ourdet 's to the contrar'y, tr'ai
nn.t 20 hadt bv~en made up antil
pulled out otn thtenc~ um 1.noi ready tI
go east. Niorrtu an k now thmis, antd a:
neithert Athey nor)t lme ,snuuct~o" hu
come in for orders, ho began to g
"You go over to the boarding-hout
Phobe, and stay with Mrs. HannaL
ho said, "This s no place for you I
"Please let me stay," olead
Paow be. " They won't hurt me, ano
should go crazy over there by myse
and not knowing what was happonii
to you and pr. Besides I'll be a gol
deal safor here with you."
Norman was going to insist, but tl
wire called him. 'He answored a
took the message rapidly:
" Hold 201 for orders. Uso
means to prevent tramps from seizia
train or engine. Special with shorill
p0osse will reach you about eigI
thirty ). Im."
P"hw'bo heard the message as
eilckew tatrough the sounder, ati
looked at the stLtioni clock. it w,
now nearly eight--if tihe mon woul
only keel quiet for hal f an hour !
It was a vain lhope. Two minutt
ltter there was a seu lie on the pla
form, and Artley an(i the conduct<
were drugged inuto the waiting-rooli
Uine of the tramps-a big, burly fello
with ted whiskcors and I aming eyes
acted as sptokesmant.
" You shot Up," the spokesman wa
saying to ho' father. " You hain
got nothing to say about it. W'c
you .git orders you'll pull that tra
'r wO'll chuck yo into yer own fir
box. See ?"
Phorbo heard the threat in wit]
Norman for live minutes rattle
away at the key writing an endle,
string of unmeaning dots and dashe
to 1ii1 up time. Then the red-bearde
man interrupted him.
" Giime that time table," he skIh
pointing to the shet over the oper
Norman hesitated, obeying finall
at the point of a pistol. Tihe man ra
his grimny finger up and down tih
coluins of ligures until lie found whi
" It's all right, boys, we don'lt ie
no ordet s. laust mcctini' point's li ft
muiles dowkn the road. Mister lightnii
slinger, 5 ou come out behind there
w'l take you' long, in' then you won
he gittin' a switch turned ag'in' us i
the fust sido track."
Norinani hlid back and tried to gai
more time by arguing the case, b
the Pistol camte into play again, an
lie tad to go without so much as
word to Phtobo who wts pale w'th 11
dignation and frigtit.
VheIn Norian surrendered, .ti
tian spoke again. " Now then git
move ott Lliat elgine driver, an' we
lPl'obe's first imttpulse wits to ru1
out after thetm to plead for Ier father
life ; then slht suddetnly eIlemtberL
thilt the special train was coming froi
the east.. Supposing hte father'yieldei
Or. wiat wits ttmore likely, supposin
they Put hi In il the eigine and ma(
hihu responlsible for his life and their
while cone of their number ran it
PlJVbe threw herself dowII at' the tab
and begant to rail the first station en
of Orival with frantic eagerness.
she could only raise the operator
Little lauttO in time to have uthe
warn the shoriff's special !
Again and again she wrote " lu
liu," signing " oj " at overy fouri
repotition, but there was no anSWI
break, and the angry voices on ti
plJatforii grew louder and moi
threatening. At last, knowing thi
death-mnessagesltako precedence of a
others, she wrote "deth" "dcetl
".deth " between the signaturs, at
then the operator at Little 3ut1
broko in and answerel. Pho-be, beg
to tretitble nervously through her me
stge, but lie broke inl again :
S" West bound special ptsse(d hel
five inutes ago," was whlat can
cliek ing back :atnd thon she kntiw thi
if '!Om left Orival there would be a et
T1he mtere thought of it made i
sick tand fatint, aitd the lights in tl
o11ice seemed to be going out. Th<
site gatsped and camie to herself with
little jerk when thte cr'owd began
move down the platformtl, and she hoal
the lcadetr say : " All right. my cove,
we'll put you on the engine an' go an,
Hofor3 thte cr'owd wvas fairly
motion, 1 'buwbe had snatched t t
switcht key from its ntail oni the wal
and, dlartting ouit of thte back door, st
skitd the tmob) and llotw thitoutgh ti
dartkntoss toward the fcrwtard end
the long freight train. As she r'e
site prmayed1 that the etngine might na
bo0 beyond the endt of thte sidling, at
she nearly cried with thankfulnel
whent she could see the rod eye of ti3
signal-lam p peering aroutid the froi
Lend of the big mogul. in ten scon<
itmre sihe was iat the switch stand, ti
red eye fiushted to the enst, atnd ti
two l ines of rails gliateoning uinder ti
mtogul's head-light sweorved to the sid
track. Kntowintg that there. was
chtanco for failur'e if shto tried to sta
the hityy train P'ihbe darted bac
anid pulled the coupl)itng-pina betwm
the tendelr anid the first cat', r'unnm
for'ward again to0 cl imb) inte the ongir
just, as the first stragglot's of the cron
began to conte up). They gave bori bi
a momttenit, butt that was ettotug
I'~ngino :9) hadL~ an easy throttle, at
P'hwtho had opened~ it mUOre thtan one
The vantgttard( of ,be tl.amp~l armty sia
a Iittet of skirits ont the~ foot- hoar'
hteard( ia isin tg of stoatm ini the c yli:
(lets and twot or tlbre iCtsharp'l cotugi
from the ex hauist, and thon the b
mogul drtop)ped frotn the end of ti
opent switch andt~ plowe~d itto the tie
blocking the ti'ack ,as (ffectutally
fifty tons of It'on usyut steel could doi
hoibo , d~d, not wait to soe wi
wotuld hiapplon atftet'ward'. She hii
donue hot' paritt; there' would lie ito ct
lisiont; and they could( not blatti h<
father' for- somnetim h igle had nto hart
in. She wits safe it Mr is. iaa
k itceni by the time the specl
whistled fot- thestautioin; and whent ii
train ir'att,led upi and the soundtis of ti
I ray floated atcross the tr'ack to hi
refutgo she htid1 heri faco, in .\i
ianntaht's apron andi cr'ied as anty othe
girl mtightt whiose lathet' atnd un
w eret itn the th ick of ta b-.tttle.
"Thet'e, therie, IPh. w'h, gi ri. dlot
cr'y, dear ; thety'llI ho all t'i i.htt,"' cos
forted Mt's. H-mantah, andi~ she was st,
tryitng to, conoloe her' whent Tomu Nc
" Whor-c is site ? Wherote's thte litt
gir'l that's got mot'o sense and si
.than all the r'est of uts putt togtet'
SPha-be looked up1 cjuictkly. "O
dhin TJom.t whe''s nat 'yI li e hutrt
et "No, lie's all right: only they at
about to smother him with praise. M
,o, Johnson's ovor at tli station, and lh
h," wants to sec you."
:,- Five minutes later a shy little gh
with a tear-stainou face was led int
ed the presence of the bu perintenden
i I who sat at the telegraph desk send
if, ing messages right and left. le ros
ig and took lhrebe's hands in his in
Ad way that made the little group C
trainmen forgot for the moment thu
te he was the stern "old man " of th
" And this is the little girl wh
Al ditches our engines, is it ?" he said
ig gravely. "What put such a thin,
's into your head, my child Y"
it " Oh, it didn't have to l'e put in
know there would be a heade..lior I
it I didn't do something quick, and
d couldn't think of any thing else."
LS Mr. Johnson sinIled at the read,
d relapse into railway phrase, and said
" It was a bright thought; it has save,
is us a good many dollars, and probabi,
t- some lives, too. Now, If the compan
>r were a good fairy, like those in th
it. story books, what would you ask for;
w reward ?"
- Plhobe had a sudden inspiratioi
" Oh, Mr. Johnson, there's one thinj
,s that would make in happier thai
't anything else; if pa could only have
n good run, so wo could live in a reu
n1 town !"
3- M r. Johnson looked around at th
circle of friendly faces. "I thinl
le your father has earned that for' him
self," lie said quietly. " 1i that th4
d only thing you want ?"
5s Oh, no, indeed," replied I'hobe
s, candidly : "but, you see, if we live
id in a town, perhaps I could get some o
the other things. We might happe
.1, to get acquainted with somiiebody tha
i- had a piano, and then, maybe I ',oult
learn to play, and"-here Phovbo sud
y denly realized that'sho was chattering
,n actually chattering-to the man o
e whom every one on the division stoot
At in awe, and she shut ip like an oystei
that had been caught niapping with it:
d shell open.
y The superintondent laughed at lei
'- confusion and sat down to finish hi;
- telegraph ing. "1 When thbe genera
't mianager hears that, I'm sure he'll b
tt sorry that the company doson't run i
piano-factor'y," lie said : whereat thi
n men laughed, too.
it Mr. Johnson had a little private coti
d versation with Artley and Normal
a that night after Il'hu-bo had gone bacl
I- to Mis. iHannah and several thing
came of it. l or one, the engineer go
e his smart, - eightrwlieeler " and a paE
a songet rui, with the )roIlptiless tha
1i charaetor.es Western r'ailway promeL
tion when the head of a departmen
h makes up his mind : and, at the sam,
's time, Norman found hlis way simloothel
d for a transfer in the most miraculou
ti manner. A third event growing ou
I of the same talk concerned Phwho, bu
.g she knew nothing about it until on
Ie day, after they were settled in a con
8, fortable cottage in the " real town,
? a wagon drove up to the door with
i piano. It was a gift from the railwa
it company to Phu'be: and on a silvt
If plate just above the keyboard was t1I
it inscription :
I To I\S issitiCHiC ARTi'Y
Polt MiIitiTltOoUS SitICES
" ON 'il, NIGiT 01"1 S PMME'M IH SIXTI
Al AT OltIVAI J UNTION.
Lo THATr " ROAD To THE WEST-"
I Greenville Conpany Organized t
9 Construict it Tiroligli.
(d ''le Stae, 29th ii's'.
,G Recently there has been a great dea
Ln of talk about building a shoi't railron
8- line from Charleston to the West
Knoxville, Tenn., via Greenville, rut
'0 ning directly from the mountains t
Ie the seaboard and v ice "oi'sa. This tail
tseems to have started the ballI roll in
>l- looking to the constructioii of such
r'oad, for yesterday the Scretary<
er' State issued a comissionI to lFran
10 H-ammond, WV. K. Boattie, .James I
mn H-oyt, A. G. Furmnan, Lewis WV. P-arke
a~ and .Josephl McCullough, as the coi'poi
to attor's of the Construction Company t
'(d Greenville, foi'med '' for' the puripos
y, of constructing a railroad fromn the cit
y- of Charleston or such other point il
this oi' any other State as they may (14
n termine by way of Gre'enville, in th
e said city and State, to the city (
IK noxvllle, in the State of Te'nnessee
or to such othci' po01nt as they may de
oterminie." The capital stock of th
~fcompanyi is to be $100,000, divided int
200 shares 0t $1,000 each.
t What ther'e is bobind the organize
dtioni of thmis company is not know
heoe but it looks as if the Gireenvill
business men at least aire imeanin
Le A NO'IiliNH STiAIt ON T'Iu ;FG~AG.
1o Another' star, the forty-li fthb, is to b
id adlded to the flag. Th'le new stari wil
d r'epresen t Uitath, and the order for' it
fA addlition to the nationaul colors has bee
r't issuedl by Secretary Lamont,. Theli stam
k will be added to the right of the fourt,
m~ row from the top. Thme order' for th,
*g addition of tihe statr is accoimpaniied h:
0o one changing tihe sizie of the color's
'd Ucrietofor'e tihe standard hias been si
it feet by five. The new ordler make
LI. thte r'egulationm size five feet six inchte
id by3 fout-' feet five incehes. T1he ordol
13. pirovidos for the noew Johlrs to, he ii
w sued to all in fantry-, arti Ilory and th
1, hattalioins of eniglinee3rs, and1 also fe
1- new stanidar'ds for all catval ry. T
i8 nowv flagis will he ver-y hiandlsom
g T1hiey are .0 h~o miade of td.e lines
10 Amcrican silk, and thiir cost, will b
5, q uite contsiilotrable. U tah will m:
is atttin tatch'lo(od unitilI the fourth dai
t- of next,,Jmuly, but all the flags hereafte
it contiractecd for' tand issuied will contai
id thle star heralding the admnissioni
4l- that territory Into the uiniotn of thi
ai -le'or some weeks pas~t I1I. II. 1'0i
I m nondls, oditoir M anuifacturm'ors I tecor'i
te lzas been'i cmtdeavoring fto inud uce th
.New I'nglaind Cotton NIbutnufactur er
.Association to hld~i its neoxt- scemli-al
er nuaul October mneetig in Atlanta. 'Th
he vote hias just been taken by mail anf
Mr. I'dmrondtts hiis irecei ved wor'd thii
t It Is ini favor- of Atlanta. This wvi
n.- take into. the South the largest numbe
il Of New I'~igland cot.toni imill men wh I
r-have eyer beenm ini thant sec'ti on, asi th~
assoiationm is comnposed of about t i
he member's repriesenting every leatd in
10 cotton manu facturi ng enterpr~tise i
ynNew En gland. The aggr-egate caitat
h, invested iin mills recpr'esented by ther
.,, gnntlinmm, Is unii erds~ *:e~lm non nl
e THE STATE FARMERS' ALLAN
ANNU&L SESSION IN COLU1JMH
1 A Quiet ant Usevoutflul Meetitj
0 President Evans Says the Alliar
Is Political to the Core.
- The State Farmers' Alliance hold
0 annual session on the 28th inst. in 4
a lumbia, and the following -account
i its proceedings Is condensed from '
e The attendance is not its large as
was in Aiken last ycar, but there see
L to be absolutuly nothing of any impi
tance to claim the attention of t
body at this session. iPor some reas
soveral counties are not repreent
I by delegates, though several of the
f have representatives in Ohe person
I oflicors. Among the most prominen
Alliancenen drawn to the city by t
I gathering are Congressman Talbert,
: Wn. Stokes, Lieut. Gov. Timmueri
I Jos. L. Keitt and others.
y The Alliance was called to order
y noon by President W. ). lKvans, who
3 term of oflice expires with this in1e
i ing. It was practically decided in t
caucus the night before that he wot
be succeeded by the IRov. .J. A. Slig
i Congressman ralbert, declining t
i honor. Secreary lcid was on hand
t usual. .
1 The committee on credentials i
ported that the following delegal
3 were entitled to seats in the body
r Ablieville-J. H. Graves.
Ai ken-R. H. Timmerman.
3 Anderson-J. W. Bowden.
Barnwell-J. S. Weeks.
Chesterfield-". '. Taylor.
I Clarendon-D. T. Bradham.
f Darlington-W. H. Lawrence.
I ldgelield-W. J. Talbert.
L lPairfield-T. P. Mlitchell.
i :iorry-James A. ILewis.
- lancaster-W. G. A. Porter.
, .aurons-John M. Hludgens.
r Lexington -Dr. Eitrgle.
I Marion- -W. Stackhouse.
Marlboro-1I. W. McLaurin.
i Newberry- Ir. V. PC. Lake.
Oconee -.J. B. Pickett.
3 Orangeburg-lh.J.. W. Stokevs.
a Pickens-.lohn T. loggs.
I 'Richiand-- P". P-. Whitmian.
3 Spartanburg--W. P. Brown.
L York -W. 11. l'dwardts and V.
Till I I'RF.SIIWNT'S A1i)DI1I*S.
When the body had boon propet
,,organized President E'vans proceed
to deliver his ainual address, speaki
t To the Members of the South Ca
- lina Alliance and Industrial Fili
, There never was a time since the Ii
- organization of the larmners' Allia:
t and Industrial Union when there w
more urgent need for us to keep
til is great union of the industr
a classes. Many of our profound
t thinkers believe that this country
t on the verge of revolution, peacetui
% uay be, but revolution there will
', it is my own conviction that this re
lution will come and thmt it will he s
a tied through the ballot box.
y How important then that the lam
4, army of voters, who have so much
1 stake of common interest should hi
an organization through which ti
can make their combined iniluence :
by the political parties striving for
pronacy. Though non-partsan,
the Alliance is political to the e
and should redouble its energies to
ucate the masses in the science of g
ernment, for it is only through the
0 telligence of the citizen and his kno
edge of tile relation of the govt;
ment to financo, con merce, agricllit
and transportation that he will be'a
LI to protect his intorests by his ballot.
d You catnnot trust to poliS~'cal part
the keeping of such vhCatl interests
all puatios ar'e 6ioner or later e
0 Lrofled-by 'the politician, whose gI
k ing star is policy andI not pinfciiolo;
Ei it is absolutely necessary to have su
a an organizattioni as the Alliantce
If check parties and politicians wi:
Cthey go wrong, as well aLs to give si
-port to those who arc right. Th(
P arc other' imp~ortant reasons set foi
in our declaration of purpl)0o why
f should keep up this organ izatit
C which I recomnmend to your c'tre
y consideration, andl in conclubion 1
1 peal to every one who believes int
l principles and demands of the Ailiar
e~ to stand by and p)ash forward the
fganization, so that we may reapt
general bonellts of organization,
well as see to it that some politih
(3 party shall enact these demands Ih
There will be reports from the co
nimittees in charge of your State
II iiance organ, The Cotton Plant, y<
t0 business exchange and other branel
of Alliance work, upon which I im
have sonrething to say during the s
Th'le expressions of the president n
w ithi great, favor, and lie was louc
s Tihe Alliance thben went into a d
Scussion of the "good of the order,'' a
~much intecrest was shown In the w
Sfare of the organization. I'nthusias
and spirited sp~ooohoR, full of sugg,
Lions, were madle by Congresm
'iTaibertt, Mr. Howdeni. Mr. IPickett a
Mr. l'dwatrds. After thesc speec:
the Alliance took a recess utntLil
ri TI:l N iHT SI':SSION.
Thle ighit 5ssionf of the A Illar
e was a long one. Them nmembhers we
r. at their work wth the intLention
cecomplemting the busintess mand adjoulI
ing sine dito before t m.rin Itg, and1( thm
roehed tabout I a. ml. Thme only foati
't, of the night's woirk was the electioin
~.K iitt overI Sli1gh, by a close vote,
n Th'Ie Alliance adopted a resol uti
f petitionin~g the constitutional convi
t ion thatt, in the fram ig of the nm
constituition, nothing bo (lone in ro
Lion to the electibp latws "calculai
to lower the sa ~.of persoInal
- sponisibil ity :to b) t. the conselet
, d~ iethronet matn wit'~ j odl's soul."'
T'hte afollow ing teselintonm was ado
Inaswueh' aml s ignoranco is frequien
(c the miothier of prmovortLy and the fri
di futl source of crime, and inasmuch d
t, well educated and intellIgent stat
IImanshi I)Is a clhief actor In civil pr
:; perity and social purity, thorefdr
(o lti"50olved TLhat it is thbe dutly
'0 the ap~proach ing constitutional c
g vention to make provision for' i
n establishmaent (of ia comlet
LI thorough comttmon schtoolI systi
0 w hichl shall be v igoroutsly en for,
throughout our. Stiato.
RE. J esolved That In the approprli
tion of the necessary funds lor coi
[A. nonl schools, wille liberal provisior
be made fot' the colored race, that du
e regard be had for the excess in tau
* paid in for, this purpose by the whitoi
and that such a ratio of division b
Its adopted as shall best show justice t
,o- the needs and rights of both races.
of The following was thonadopted :
he Whereas. the freight on guano to th
farmor being much higher por to
it than on cotton seed to the fortilize
na factories, be It
r- " Resolved, That we ask the railroa
he commission to. equalize those rates i
on that' the Injustice to the farmere b
so Columbia was chosen ts the place fo
of the holding of the next meeting on thr
nt fourth Wednesday in July, 1896.
tie Several changes wOro made in th
.1. State constitution, most of themn iino
,, in character. The most hiportant on
was the abolishment of the olicos o
at treasuror and State lecturer and de
,so volving the duties thereof upon th,
3t- secretary and the vice president re
ld It was decided to continue the publi
h, Cation of the Cotton plant- as the oflic
he ial organ of the Alliance and iun I
as henceforth upon an extended sealo.
The election of officors resulted in th
c- choice of the following:
0s President-Jos. L. Koitt, Newborry
Vice president and State lecturor
.1. C. Wilborn, of York.
Socrotary and treasurcr--.. W. Rei(
l0xocutivo comillttooilan.--W. IN
I4lder, of York.
Delegate to the National Alliance
.1. W. Hoivdon, Anderson.
A resolution of thanks was adopto
directed to the Columbia Alliance an
its friends for the cordial treatmen
accorded the member while in th
After the installation of oilcors, th
alliance adjourned sino die.
.TiC, WIIATH iit AND MROPS.
'ThIae CoulIitions1 FaVor'able an14 111
The weather conditions were on th
whole, favorable to crop developmen
N. during the past week, and throe IE
consequently, a botter and more hope
ful feeling extant among farmeru
'ly especially in tile northern and wester
Ad counties, where the improvement wa
ng iost marked. Tho only crop that di
not share fully in the general improv
,0- mont was cotton, for which there Wa
n : too iucl rain, in places causing shed
-st ding and rust to a slightly greate
ce extent than heretofore, esIecially i
as the eastern half of the StatL ; in th
up western counties the weather was ct
a[ tirelv favorable for cotton.
nst 'lhe week wits characterized by a
is evcn tellperature Ilong the COILS
it where it ruled steadily about two d4
X. grees above the usual ; in tile interic
0- and westeril )oItions the liuctuatiR
At- were somewhat greater, but well witl
in normal limits, the daily meai tenl
go porature ranging from .1 Jogrees boli
at the seasotgiblo on the Ist (Wednosda
ye to 4 b;$ugday). Ti
y high temperature for tile Woe
'ot, ut dir eeos at 13atesburg on the 2(
su- and it Greenwood on the 21st; t
vet t .7 t. was 59 degroes at Libor
are -lie ens county, oil the 22nd. T
od- av9rage daily me10an temperature of
Uv- fations for the week was 79 and t.
Iinlnormal for the same )erilod Is N
wl- proximately 78.
en- The rainfall was fairly well d
Iro tributed, with no portion of tile Sta
3le but that received some, general
enough, and in a few localities 'it w,
lea excessivo, tile latter in the Navanna
ror drainage basin where *ome low lant
)m- were ovorllowed. In other places 1,1
id- eff'ect on cotton of too much rain h11
so already been noted.
chi Thel average meansu roment of;
to stations rep~orting rain)fall was I.
emn inches, and the normal for the san:
ip- period is app~roximately l..44 TI:
re greatest amounit was -J.90t roportc
th from Allendale.
we The percentage of sunlshinlo range
m, from 4il to 90 of tile possible, withl a
[ul average of about 70 for the State.
1,p- Therec was a heavy windl and hla
he storm in the vicinity of Winnsboro .
ce the 20thl. T1here was also hail In th:
>r- vicinity of Cartersville, Florence Com,
lhe ty, on the 21st, that riddled tobacc
as and corn fodder, and damagred croi
sal generally. On the samie day there wa
ito a violent wind storm in the vicinity<
Mlloree, Orangoburg County, the
mn- blew down trees, corn, ete.
\l- Many of the repor'ts on cotton s
ur the crop is all that can be expoctm
es ihaving grown woll and fruited heavil
ay since0 tile rains became general ove
L's- tile western p)ortions of the State;
few say it is growing too muchl t
aet weed ; there is srrcely a section in
Ily that reports excessive shedding an
thle applear'ance of rust, b~ut both ar
is- mlore0 coflmo inl the easten portion
nd of tile State ; the ur'op in geineral Ie I
al- a very satisfactory condition ; tihe boll
tic are opiening freely in the gastern -n
s- central sections and pickingf will 'bogi
un tis week ;tihe first bale wa's 'narkote
nd( on t~he 20Jth, whichl was aix (lays latt
.3s thlan in 1894. 13011 wo~rmis have al
8 yearod ini Idgefleid County.
1La0ta lnted cor'L continues to in
pirove, being greatly .bene'ftted by ti
ec hleat and raims and iil practically a
nt made ; the only sou r(t of danger
of freshots 111 rive bom iittouns. 1odde
'n- piulling was pulshled vigol'N usly ovi
(1y tihe enirio State, bunt .1nuch1 0 $ho fo,
as decr was damaged by the rains ; so
ro onl tile stalk and much whilc bor..
of gathrrod ; the woathler was general]
as untfavorable for gathering fodder. Th
entire coin Crop) Is df tuifornm exce
on lence over' the whole State.
mn- Peas are gr'owing well and earl
iw peas are being gathered, 1111 tile greoa
Ia- or' portion of the crop Is still growin11
0(d Some lateo tobacco yet In thle fieldi
ie- but tile builk of thle crop) 1s gathere
Co and( cured andi be(ing sold1. TIheC orc
wasiL an unusuallyv fino (one and( is bing
pt- Ig remnunerativ~e prices.
Rice hiai'vst bleguln ini a smlali wva:
tly while tile cr'op in general, bo0,1h uplam
it- and onl tile coasit, Is hcadling nicel;
a a The weatheor hlas b~eeni entirely favori
0s- 1b1( for' ico.
os- Turnip Howing continues to some11 o
po - tent, wile r epotS vgary as to) thme ct
dition of the stand of earloer sowin
of buIt generally It germninated1 atnd gre
hoe U~nder the inhluonce of favor'ab
nd weather suigar' cane and sorghum en
mn, tinhues to grow very well, and~ the cr<
od prioiseS to b)e a flne one.
S~weet notatones at'n anniar'tiv nte
k- itg too much to vine; othqrwise 'ai
I- dting well. The impr&vment in th
a brop within the laet threo weiks
o noteworthy, with prospects of .a.iVu
a larget' crop than anticipated qarly!
, the season.
0 Gardens, peanuts and in g'neral -
o truck is doing remarkably. well, esp
cially in the co st truck region. -.
Grass for ha as well as ptstures,
o growing luxuriantly. In fact, the co
n dlition of all crops has been'great
r improved by the abundant rains of tl
past two wooks.
Il All varioties of fruit. continae ple
o tiful and of good quality.
L3 Compiled 11-ous thle.OfIcialRert
of' the War t'or saitherin Indepel
rIn his address to .Ca'mp Rion, E
3 Rideway, in l'airfield County, Co
John 1. Thomas gave the. fo lowin
ligures to show the skill of the Confed
orato leaders as wsill as the valor c
the private soldiersi stating that th
disparity appeared'- rom the olieiti
- records on oach sido:
- Seven Days' Battles around Riol:
l'edorail excess.... ..........35,000.
I, l'op ........ . . . ............... 75,000
M cClllan .....................8 00
d Lee ......... ......... ............37,000
L 3 L ee................................78,000
Chaucel lorsv1-8 I 1
l ee ......... ......... ............. 7,000
I (itty sbui eg- -.,
NI ead ( ............... 105,000
- L ......................... ..... 02, 00
s Wilderness to 'etersburg.
I at opening of the campaign
( rant ............ ..........1 1,000
M 1'(w . ....... .......... . . . ........1. 000
Wilderness to Cold Harbor-aggr
gate of all troops
- Gra t .......ran ........ .......192,000
lederal loss at Wilideiiiness, t>ott3
r vania, North Anna and Cold Harb
Is 110,000 Ien, as giveu by Swinton, M1
I Northern historian.
1 0n the authnrity of Le hImAst
W there were, when he retreated frc
y) Potorsburg, but 33,000 Confedoral
10 from the Chickahoniny on the left
as Dinwiddie Court Hoiuse on the .rig
bi1e Grant, March 1,186.5, hadan
he foetiQf--total Of itl arems, includ
, Ord's ani a for'cos, of 1W2,0
he h'ser'e weroi.t Appomattox, Agri
:30 185, In line of b 'N, present f
lie 8,600 veterans. -tt his ati
I) Col. 'rhoins stated th ' N tie
Ity for thle figures given waL..% Y
Is- federate toth book, " Four Yo
to General Leo," the author 4li
1Y W. N.ra.ylor., wboso privIlege it wil
ccupy ithe p:sifion of a conqdeni
tail oiceor with Gen. Ldo during I
e ontire period of the war for Soutic
b indepndnce, as Col. TaiLr himo,
clais inthepreface to'his aduairal
argument, based upon indisputal
facts, an~d which bears witness to
Imatchless valor' of 'the Confederc
0 Story's famous "I-Hymn of the10c
d quered," in thle lIgI~t of such figur<
is In order :
" 8 :eak, lhistory !Who are life's viecors'
,n 11nrol t hy long annauzls anid say .
Are they tlhose whom the W~orldt calls
n Who won the( sn14ess. of( the (1ay'?
o The1 MiartyVrs, or Nero, thle Spartanis wvho f
1- at l'hermopylaue's try'st,
t)Or the l'ersianus ami Nerxes'?"
tt IEx-Governor Bullock IDelivereal
ILarge Quantity in Augusst a -Ij
y TFelts an I nteresing St ory A bou. t i
y Ev-Governor lRufus 11. ilullock w;
i in Now York the othaer dlay, and whi
a there talked in a very Ir astir
o manner about the gold o. 'n nthe'
t Confederacy. in htie introuu '
d thq article., the ?New York A .
e has this to say:
s " unfore Richmond fell and .u
n t'no Confedieracy had given vy 4
a ghost those in p)ower evidently st
dI ihe crash coming, and all the Igold
ni the treasury of the fast crumbijl ag#
d mrnment was hastily sont Southwai
er it was safely doeposited in ia' ink
i- Augusts, Ga., and as the Tegafees of t
defunct government have never eol
i- forward, it may be there yet. It w
eo conveyed to Augusta in sealed box<
1l and the total sum was about $i,500,0
is Trhoroe is no stirring romance conne
nr ed with the journey of the gold, I.
se. tihe man who had it, in charge, sie
I- with it and finally delivered it, rolal
to an interesting story:
i"'The only Ropu blican, perhaps,.
y 'tho Sou t~h w ho h as been socially ostr
0 o Il is iNx-Governor Rufus Bl. Bulloc
I- of A t "'vta. H~e Is more properly a r:
tional '%41ubllican and a Southe
y State DIel,orat. He was- bor'n /
t- lBothlehem, N, Y., and won t.So
f. somo11 years before0 the wary bbr
,the latter days of A.ho war hiv wae a'
di ing as assistant quaf:tIArmaster gene'
p and manager of the oxP. -enservige
e- tile Con fedetracyv. I n the ltit
city lie had charge of the transfior
r, tion of the gold."
d in giving the story of the gold,~
'. lBullock said:
" I was commanded to go to Cqlu
bia, S. C.. and take ail the gold tec
xc- belonging to the Confederacy to Aug
n- ta, Ga. It w as in the early sprit~g of'18
g, three months blefore Lee. surrdnde,
w at Appomattox. Richmond had, 1
surrendered, but' I presume that th<
Ic in charge of the government ke
ni- that it was only a gooestion 'of ti
>p when the city would surcunib and.y
uirally they did not wish the 1404I
w- to senuen. n~rdbale.y all the trnM
n: hould bekr.ie
g ordereo e
11 istant far 6
D- managqr of-t '6d
went toCou' In
the Orde ad U. h
I- and recelve- -t' :goldItp o
p and keg amounting to
e couOCs Thkep4 quiet about -t
my visit to Columbia
I- wighty.tmpntaton and I (U
to-be ambdecaded and l'obbedi;,
4o say I hid no.inilitary. c09 1
y ,but; enlYth the rr.
expred4e in OMr~e
roa4 was-opep to Augusta, and.' .
prehendO4 agaok from tim Fe- e~ - ,
as. they wereman'y miles awaV
oeperal Shotimde. Afte' load 8
wagpnsIth1'the, dN'ris we
d ofty. n
. se, re. i Ove e'I '
g tso- wgri ,,and 1ee
was&%Idlt smid trains JAa Ii: .
,1 '&blatant p 'my W. PqrrQ,.-ti
presidept of the t Oitt Salk
. Atlanta, who Was Iheiun bbrgo" I
the Tennasde. River ui'p
Is .a splendid man, an 1 0
enthutilastic and .courageoui >.
memoral occasion, felt that
valuable lieutenant in hini.l
knew -I could rdl upon hiV O Q
any emergency. ..5
"Mr. I-arrott l one of ourd&
citizens, ani I, may add t t
quite safe with that largo am -
gold in transit as long as .le.yfas
assistat. Jn ~e ladguage of t late
Jormialh It I,*the tearless Wetr
statesman, een. our duty andt we
done it.'., But I "di ress. -ur *Agqns,
lumbered. southward and 6gdw '
- heavier. We 'crossed ' k
shackle bridge's, and had ml .o
very good - roads.. 'The mule drive
pO pe bhbir whips, swore- in. a -
mi tar wfyli which the mut I
tonid.to hetkr* and away wei1e
ting miles between 'us and.
Telemagne it(tor Ulysseoleft-the 1
of Troy, had groat dilfliculty, 1n
Is father, but.we had.no trou 110
ve in, tracing the way to
The Dearer.we camne the hap
all weet, because we ox teo, s T
fewv days after-deposit g e, t- a U,
One dusty afteh'noon XTiolled iflt9
city and wended r
chanios' B e
itizenls. a1 d p'eoious fe
whr ,sassed near the banken' "MV ..
saw six wagons dischar'g g th UP
forous'frelght. This ba1,b be y
was the CQu federate sub-t.reasury..
";What became of all that g6ld, Mt
"It is uomie of my business.i . .
livered the'gold And got a receipt for
it. A-6 the novelist of the old 'tYl
would say, my mission being en t
turned my horses' heads it anoth
retin-~ad thought no 4nore of the a
precious burden I had safel del vered. -
Now fields and econfosewa W eh nd
iii more seen by ut, exoet y o:
candle of Imaginatioi i after yer
of- A vlnu.Im 'TRUCK DUMB. A
ng spcoial to the Savauah 'Morning
. News from, Athens, Ga., telle "of 'a
9, remmrkablo incident thaf'occuvred4 at
ty, a bjg Methodist. revival in'' pogress'
for the Inst week %t High 1-,1. -
ior- miles fron that '#lac ma.rg
on- Hogewood, living at g bhua I$iie
ith once % Methodist, but had turned .%A
0o belIever. He would attend the meet;
ings, go In the - church, but' so6
Out would got a, crow. arpu
a %ohe whole proc
he him a .
r ngs. -Sunday g
Srailing a ainste relgi04
'le in the det of a sebte)~e lj de4 h
le stoppedi, and. lias. 90t'SQ4h in,
lie Everything possilIle hase qp
to restoise his bpech,, but 90 :~ pVaii.
The ndp Is,.sound eng beant in ver.
'~other' r9spoot. Igo Wegb tot e ol0 -qi
'5 yesterday and was seen la t~ sii~h
*to-beoshak izt all over. e~J tooW ~~
a dpeneHf apd wrote -a fey lne~st
*hhniled the nobes to phe oat,
lerea. it to ,the rnoetlpg. it as~
am doomed to hell. I ngw b
jthefe is a - hell, Pray for' me." Toj
affair lias caused an immenaIsea
Ho is still dumb. ei~q~'~
.-Capt..'Simon Hlersely,' a)1an who
served -with dlstigctiOn inde'r Q,
ma Forret;-diedht the homn 4his)~tk
e in Ar'katneas last .wde . Mas~
e~ friends have :knowh for' asomotne
that he knew: of the killing .26' t1'
's noted Confederate, Quantrli~it
to facts'did not bocom e..ge eraIlyk1~,
ig until after' his death H , e't
Tl as a reoruiting, iliber by en.- Wora
v> into Kdartuoky, and as Q
r returning from' a raid~ ' - ad~i
the vicinit of :Bardstovw 'and bgan
reo depredaf.ioie.-- Hersmly yqest
e of itimtzenar I~ew
bW .araylaked him to desist, ut Quantre1i
in 'would, not listen to the d'emand. 4 fle .i6
iv- wds t warned to make no more raids
-d.. on theproperty of Kentuoky Oonted..
in orates, ,and the two 'mop separated f
he 1t waA In the sprin g of 186., abd u~-'
ne0 troll became desperate. He.
as anotheor raid, and dnring ar; eh~~
35, mient was killl:l. It hgd beep '
)0. ally' believed that Quantrol'
3t- ny F'ederal troops.
PIt -it is predioted th
syears the sun flower wil -
oeal opl),ivation -In tl~
SplantI . ..s nosunnr -
r he~ tobagda vIth 4tt0 . l
ndwax. . he isu ~w'
''ously in the Untdatt
iall extroiesow a4 j
eyet nap atd
180 T he (KI1j $e oo)
ew to ~hoPt~&kD~
mue be laret4h l
he t0 Ty6d