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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, September 19, 1895, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1895-09-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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Governor Evans Was Chosen Presi
dent-He Makes Valuable Sugges
tions as to the Changes Needed
The Members Get to Work Prompt.
The representatives of the people
met in convention at Columbia on the
10th Inst., for the purpose of revising
and changing the organic law of the
State. The members came together
in an orderly and dgnified manner,
and with a profound sense of the re
sponsibility resting upon them. The
Register says that "in a task of so
great and far reaching importance It
is natural that every citizen should ex
hibit the- doapest concern, and some
time before the convention was called
to order the galleries began to be fill
ed up with spectators. There were a
number of ladies present besides many
gentlemen from this city and other
parts of the State. There was no ex
citement or enthusiasm displayed by
members as they filed to their seats.
In fact, there was a kind of solemnity
aboat the whole assemblage which be
token the deep responsibility felt by
them in the work in which they were
about to be engaged. Men proinInoiit
In State and national politics took
their places besides those not known
to fame and apparently attracted no
more attention than their coleagues.
There appeared to be no place for any
hurrah. but only for solid, substantial
work. 'To get a full view was to see at
once that the delegates were a line,
sturdy, sensible, patriotic sot of men.
T4ey are men of keen intellect, and
calm, sober judgment, and the people
of the State can hold up the represen
tatives in this convention as the peer of
any ever assembled in the country fr
a similar purpose."
On the speaker's desk stood a mag
nificent pot of lovely flowers tied with
yellow ribbon, to which was attached a
card bearing the name of Mrs. Viola
Neblott, the vice president of the
South Carolina 1Equal Rights Associa
Hon. D. H. Tompkins, Secretary of
State, called the convention to order,
and declared that it was ready for
business. Stanyarne Wilson, of Spar
tanburg. said he had the honor to
nominate as temporary chairman of
the convention. representing the whole
people of the State assembled for the
purpose of framing its organic law,
one whose elo(JUent voice, forceful )en
and lofty abilities had always been em
ployed for the welfare of the State,
whose great heart berts in sympathy
with the masses of the people-Col.
Itobertf Aldrich, of Barnwell. No other
nomindtions being made (Col. Aldrich I
was unanimously elected.
In taking thechair, Col. Aldrich made
a brief speech. Ilo deemed it a high lion
or to be connected with this august body I
in any particular, and he desired to re
turn his heartfelt thanks to the mem
bers for calling upon him to act in the
capacity of temnporary chairman. This
was the most important convention
that had assembled in South Carolina
for a century. It was indeed but the
second time that the people ever as
sembled to frame an organic law for
the State. True, other so-called con
stitutional conventions had been called
and hold, but this was really the only
convention ever called to express
the unrestrained will of the people.
They had two conventions which had
adopted constitutions that were noth
ing more than acts of the I egislature,
for the liegislaturo had enacted each
of the constitutions, or rather ap
proved of them. Then there camne
the convention of 1790, of which lie
would have more to say. in 18460 they
had the convention which was called
to pasp the act of secession and remodel
the 4onstitution according to the
changed condition of things. T1hen
they had the reconstruction conven
tion in 18(65, which was called by the
military governor appointed by the
President, who had no more power to
appoint such a governor than any one
else, and a convention was held which
had no more authority than any other
assembly of people over had. Then
there came the convention of 1868S. It
was not held upon0 a call based upon
any authority of the people. One
member of that convention had said
that therec were only two fools in
America who believed thme body to be
a constitutional one. That convention
was designed to humiliate South Care
lina's peopl)e, andl to the shame of
South Carolina it must be said that
her people, thtough having reclimed
the government, ha~d consented1 to live
under the constitution then formed
for eighteen years, t.,t linally, to the
lasting honor of the ieolc it South
Carolina, they wont to work a short
time ago to give the people an organic
law draughted by her own sons, whom
you are. The convention of 1790( was a
notable onie. The constitution was
formed by the intelligence of the
State, and u nder~ it came ourm period of
greatest prosperity and deove lopmtent.
It is a constituitioni thtat is understood :
the courts have construed it ;its pro
visions have booen expounded. We
could not do better, if we do nthlinug
else, than to follow in the footsteps of
our fathers who were ini that contven
ties. HeI again thanked the conveni
tion for the honor con ferred upon im i,
and he trusted that their~ labors wouldI
be so guided by the hand of the Al
mighty, and honor- would extend to
the convention even into the remotest
period of history. 1'Te convention, lie
said, in conclusion, wias ready to pro0
ceod with its templjorary organization.
Trho enrollment of dlelegates was
called for, but this was passed over to
allow the app)ointmlentt of two tom po
rary secrotar'ies suggested bylDr.
Timnmermian. T1he chairman appIoinot
ed Mr. .1. P'. K. liryani, of CIharlestoni,
and Col. Wili l.ones, of Columbia.
On motoon of Congiressmnan Wilson
the list of dlelegates was read, aLs made
ump, and declared to b)e the roll of dele
gates to the convention. All the dele
gates, withebut feow exceptions, answer
ed to their names when called.
Swas decided to d1o away with the
appoin tment of am comnmtittee on creden
tials, as there were nto contests.
On motion of Stanyairue Wilson the
convention decided to prmoced with the
permanenit organization.
IEx-Governor Shep pard made his Ii rst
appearance in the arena with a resolu
tion that they elect a president, two
vicen-nresidents, a secretary, a sergean t
at-arms, and a reading clerk, each t
be elected by a viva voce vote. Thi
resolution was adopted.
Mr. A. H. Patterson, of Barnwell
took the floor saying that he tool
great pleasure In placing in nominatioi
the name of his excellency, Gov. Johi
Gary Evans. Though young in year
Gov. Evains was most peculiarly flttet
for the position. Ilis six years' ex
perience Yn both the upper and lowei
house of the Goneral Asbembly gavi
him particular qualifications for pre
siding over the delliberations of tli
important body. lHe referred also t(
Gov. E vans as the father of the bil
1)roviding for the calling of the con
vention, and said that no man deserved
more credit than did he for the calling
Af this convention. lie had champion
ad the convention on the stuIm), and
had fought for it from first &o last.
Congressman Talbert said that he
desired on the part of the 10dgefiold
dolegation, to second the nom ination
Jf Gov. Ilvans, who was eminently
litted to dischargo the duties of presid
ing oflicer. . Walter Gray, of Green
Ville, also secondod the nomination.
On motion of Mr. McCown, of
Plorence, it gYas decided to elect the
president by acclamation. A rising
vote was taken, and every one so far
is could be seen stood up save the
solored delegates. When the call was
nade for those opposed to Gov. Evans
'lectioI to stand, the famed old
'Gullah Statesman," Robert Smalls,
lowly rose in his seat and stood look
'44' unconcernedly around him for a
ow moments, much to the amusement
if the delegates and the spectators.
Ovans was declared elected " with a
ingle exception " unanimously.
A committee of three, consisting of
longressman Talbert, Speaker .Jones
md M r. A. -1. Patterson, was appoint
d to acquaint Gov. E'vans with his
lection and conduct him to the chair.
The convention proceeded with the
ermnanent organization. Stanyarne
Nilson nominated W. Jasper Talbert
Lnld ira B. Jones for vice presidents,
Und they were unanimously elected.
Mr. Wharton nominated S. W.
'ance, of Laurens, for clerk, and he
vas elected by acclamation. Mr. N.
-I. Stanlsell. of Barnwell, was chosen
The special committee to escort
Jovernor Evans, the newly elected
>resident of the convention, returned
t this time, and the convention rose
,0 riCCiVo the prosident.
G OV. E\'A N.S' A D1>H ESS.
In assuming tihe chai.', Gov. Evans
nade an address, in which he outlined
omo changes that lhe thought would
)0 wise in our government. He spoke
ubstantially as follows :
Gentlemen of the Convention: I
hank you for the honor conferred upon
ne by electing me to preside over
,our deliberations. Under the dif
eront forms of government, a monar
hical, despotic and republican, you r'e
)resent lecre today the sover'eign power
If the republic. To be called upon,
Ien, to preside over the sovereignty
if South Carolina is indeed an honor of
vhieh any man can feel proud. I shall
1ot review the lpast history of our con
'entions. That has already been ably
lon1e by our teml)orarty chairman. It
mily sulicos for me to say that this is
be first time in the history of your
itate that her' sovereignty has been
olpresen1ted directly by the )eo)le,
llcted by the powcr of the ballot
airly and honestly used. Your re
ponsibility is indeed great. They
imvO delegated to you that sovereignty
vlich is supreme, which can only be
'eversed by the same methods here
tinployed. I feel that I shall give to
7ou. and you will pardon me, my views
LS to soei of the measures which in my
udgmnlnt you should handle. I do thie
>ecause naturally as your presiding
>lleer, I will )e excluded from havin
i voice in your' deliberations. I foe]
hbat I should call your attention to the
xecuLive department. You are to say
vhat power your executive shall have;
vhat pow~~er you are to delegate to him.
L'hat power should beO well guarded ; it
houlId be restricted. Safeguards
hould be thrown about him. We do
oct desire a monarchy, n<.r do we do
ire a despotism. Hie careful and throw
vory safeguar'd around this power.
)ur present constitution was not
ramned by people who had the in
crest of thu whole peolo of the State
it heart, nor' was It framed by the in
elfigence of the State. I would here
ocallI to your mind the prophetic
vords of Gev. Orr on the floor of that
onvention that no constitution not
onstructed by the intelligence of the
itate could endure. We have come
ocre to blot out that constitution and
nake a constitution that will perpe-)O
unate the rule of intelligence. We
re not against any class of citiz3ns.
Noe ar'e here to sustain the republic.
imrtue and patriotism Is what sustains
my government.
T1he happiest people are the best
dmuuatedi people. Trhereferoe, you
hould kpreservo your educational i n
titutions and see that the mnasso.1 ar'e
riven the benefIt of every educational
There Is no way at present for the
~xecutive to remove or suspend dis
oneust or' defaulting ollcials. Tihe con
titution shoulmd providle foir the re
novaml of such efilcials, or at least foi
,heir' suspension by the governor till
heir cases can 1)e investigated. Spec
fy the offense and provide the p~unlshm
As to the legislative depairtment it
5 not necessary for me to go fair into
that, for I see legislators Iuere. Tihe
laegislature has entir'ely too) many elc
It, is ani unwritten law that it must ad
jouro at Christmas. T1hme terms shmould
be annual, as they are niow. All the
eleetions should be put in the hands ol
the people. No I .igislatumro can do
much with making law, when the
mmembers are so harr'assed by caundI
dautes for ollice. Rel. Iieve that lbody oi
this cuinbersomoe work.
TIhe charter curise is aniother' thing.
No special cha~'rter shoul d be granted
All corporations shoiuld( be ch artered
undcir one general law. it would save
the Legislature half Its exponse. I1
would brlng to the State niumerous'iti cor.
T1ho safety of the repiubl ic alsoi d
pends(1 uplon your' .jud iciary. TheIm dan
ger' to this republic to-day, it is saidl
is (duo to the transgression of its ipowei
by thme fedoral jindiciary. L~ear'n th<
lesson fr'om it. P'lace your' judiciarj~
an a pinnacle so high that it wIll evel
remain spotless. Guard it.
A 1ul hmern lnt. mn say, it. umos)-1 hi
le laiIetnt )oillaijn--) It 1issell, 11
8s Ilurray, .1 ' Ashe. (;eo ' NICKagt
I- Jos Oliver. C Ii I'eake, .1 1 I)ent, P
\Voodward, K.: .1 Kennedy, 1) .1 131-r
A hlaml, .1 ohn ! Wed.
it ight of Sulfrago-- B It Tillum
g v"Iaairmaan, A It i'atterson. .1 1'
c 13ryan, It It Hodges. C W (arris, :
it Irad ham, H .J .latynsworth, , '; II
1. ris, \V C Ale(;owan, C .1 C IuI iltson, Al
s l''inance and Taxation-V 1) E'va
chaivrmaan. 6' E 'rineo, \V' .1 Talbort,
' 1)erhamn, .1 11 Vharton, P I' Woc
1- ward, Jos la Keitt, 0 It Lowman, T
t. Cunningham, C A Harry, ' .1 )enn
Ih CharitaiblO and Penlal Iust.itttiois
0 W J Goodi ng, chairman, J P (1len,
.1 Cunningham, 0 Al Doyle, 1i C 13ur
t V T 3owen, .1 H eitad, .1 NI Sprol
p) Sheppard Nash, V S Gamble, .1e1
L) mialh Smthm.
S I-Mducationlul1 tiar, 'Mitchell, chial
Ia, It. 13. Waitsoni. I' II 1ouser0', Lt
Giunter, Geo S Nlower, 11 C Patton,
I 1 'atterson, John .1 AicMaihan, T
1 Itogers, ', 1 Ly brand, ', .1 Kennedy.
I MIunicipal Corporations and I'oIl
a legulations- -1) S Ilenderson, chat
t main, W C Smith, W P' Clayton. J
f Nathans, W A Nicholson, (' G Woll
i \Vilie .ones, .1 I) Mlontgoiery, .1
SHay ; l'err.I (le1n, IR A Alcares.
s Ct porations-.1 XV Stokes, clha
li man, G 1) Bellinger, .1 I Shuler, W
f Wilson, (1L0 1) Ilates, I N ' 'arler. I
, 13 .ones, .1 1) Alontgoinery, ilugh 11a1
- toll, .Jcremiahl Simith, dl )udley.
I iitiaf---.lI W Iloyd, chairmnain, .1
OLts, . l \Viggins. .1os Oliver, 1)
BIuchre, .1 1' I )elelam, 0 It ILowman,
1 .1 Smith, .1 WV G ray, Itobert Sm1al
t Sheppaird Nash.
I Amendments .1 lI MIorrison. chai
, man. .1I I Moers, A .1 I'erritt, G I (
0 ham, A. S. Walters, .1. S. Iirice, It.
: lcCaslan, V. I' Natthews. It I) Atki
i- It . AIICowin, \V ,1 \Vhipper.
t R- n'oaell Itesolutions and Ord
. nances \' .1 Nion tgoiery, chatirmai
e It NLI leCown, ,WilliamI lenderson,
L S l''arrow. NI ' I lowell, I \V 13owiaa
;s 'T I.: I)ul lly, iI 11 il urray, l -'. I'ark
C T l (illand, Thomas NMiller.
d Ordir, Style and lIevision--T It Ptr
e se', Chail rman, I IIt 'TillAr an, Stanyar
Wilson, C NI -ilird, .1 \\' Stokes, .11uli;
Nlitchlell, 1D I lendersoni, .1 la NI Irl1
e L tobert Aldrich, C .1 C U-I tton, .1 I
I- lerbe, I 11 NleCalfi. It I Hemphill,
-. Cow per 'atton. \V .1 Good ing.
y Iules - 1. . o'ans, cx oilicio: 1 ra
.1oles, .1 C Slhepp'mrd'l, ( XW (Garris, .I
e Ii-eazealo.
1 I'rinti ng -It He . mphi ill, Chai rma
e D H 1lehre, W 1'' Clayton, .1 I )ant.
-W Ilamnel.
I ContiAng enit Accounts and I-:XplnseS
u XW T Field, hliairm'an, A It \\'hie,
A Nicholson. .1 N N aILbi ans, It 1. (U
s tor, IR C NleMlakin, 11 It luist. P"
L. 'aylor, .1 I It itt, \\' \NI lPitch. .1 .1. NI
j \ a' an.
t MlNi sel laieous NIaLter's---.1 T ':'loa
C hairman, \V It Ti mm ewri mall, \V 1-:v
L vc. .I CAlexanmdu., T I Brice, A I I
y Ilay. \V St.) .Ie.rvey, A I \Vi. .'i lam
, X\igg, It I' Smith, I-: B lierry.
Chairman, (oo I) Tillian, l'ralk
a, ( Ia', l- N tlfearnl', A lI Smaoak, T
d .Iohnson, .1 WV Ke'nnedy, .1 0 A Nlool
, .1 ( )tl.. A .1 1I.a'risoln. It 11 Stat
, house.
e I 'resident invans also announced t
, following appoilitillnits:
Assistant Clerk, P. I. N elton : .lo
d n1m Clerk, .1. T. Gantt : )oorkoept
I- It. M. .Jolly : ASSistatnt 1)oorkeept
I- .osup( Witberspool : G allery I)o(
i- keeper, W. .1. Shelton : 'ostal Clei
i- l-:. P. .1 enk ins.: I'ages-Glnn Smi
d .Iosoph Itobinlsonl. .1. I). IHughes, I)rn
,Caughman, .1. \V. Alc'1ablla, '.
)f lirooks, .1r.
- MIr. I,3Lldersoll introdliced a reso
t- tion which Vats at Iol)Led reg iin mg t
's comliittee oil printing to report, wh
(I Would b the Cost Of having the :)
e ceedings stcenograph ieally reported at
1: prianted.
: (Gen. Grma~y olOered ai r'esolution wvhi<
:wais adopi.tedI inIstrucinig thet cIlerk
:furnlllih sitatioaryi' Lao AIeinbers, tI
-I sum to be spent not to exceed( $100)1.
Lb On his motion, also, the State I 'r'inL
; was requnested to prlinAl the prioc
-ings of ttie conI)ventmion a~t tbe ratLes prA
- scribed by the statute of I 11 until
Il pnl)illielt aiwallil of the contA'aet
L niade.
s A AnIAAmbe1r of' ordtinancees \ver'e I ntm
r. duaced wvh ich wereA'( referred to tI
'fi'prope coml)mi ttees.
o Th'le qulestionl as to whletheur the me1
l. bers should not, take the conistitutiOa
nl oath wats br ought uip by NA'. I tagsda
oif l"airit'hlid, whol wats of the1 opini
thaat it was neceessary' iiAntrder to ma
the ationi of Lb th covenion Ol Igal at
A- hindinlg.
a NIli. I ra 1I. .10ones mloved that t
na mtter he referred to a special t'o
e mi ttec tin)d(beoidc w he ther the taiking
y This mattLLer caiused a long deba
o an I the a'ol I call wats begun ,but t,
:Oathb was admAinisLtred to verAy fi
,iuntib S mAatLOAr 'P'illmnan umoved to si
If ponud the furAther~m aidminiiistrationi Aft
a oath, whichl theI cIhiatian ruledC out,
.. Mr . Klugh, olf Abbeville, said tI
-. Senamtor T1Aihnan had hait the nai
a the heamd. le had taikein the 01
Sunder protest, and he moved thait ai
miian hiiaig scr' ules abou11t talking
- oaith be1 exAcusedl. I lefome tlhis Amot]
wa pu~1)1t, ho(weIveri, ( IV. Shepp~lard'( spoA
Ih on thei sub jeiLct, holdingA1 that memb2Ai
oif tlhicvnt(01 'iLion wer'e noI tI 0:lerls
thec State ami it eoulId not Ibe show
lp that they were by any' iI egal lilt biA
A". aindo it wias t,here'A'fore enti I'ly unnAeAeC
I- sar'y thait thbey should( Lake an on
SIf the Cba1irmiain shonh I take the on
ias An 0t lieur, thenA by that, anot, lhe woi
1,vacaite theA ohlioe lhe hadi( heretof
tillied, blilou~g h~t the~ whle~IL aci,
of thle con)AventAion in LIIhe ma~tter'A Shi
he r'osi Aded friomi beginni11ng to end)1.
Th'be comm~~itte'e undiler A'r. .Jon
reA'solution 1.0nk the mattLIr into ci
CI- siderIAatin, and~l repot,)lLd~ time followi
1, tion:
I. 'sobvedb, Thal~t it i~ nAot. Anecessa.i
f or anyX hath, to be aboniistLEredIl
A'- mYembersA' oIf tis convniVAIiIAn, and11 tI
B, the action o f the 0con12ventl in hi )eretoft
G hadl, wherebyll)~ ana oat-lh was dlirAelt~ed
r, lie adm31in istaired andbt all poceed~lii
~. thereu ndler, he1, and tilb' samt arl' ht bl
-. by, re(scidi e~d hand anlleld.
TI'1he followinig re(sli~on waIt tIle
I) bly ex.( lAernor Shieppi rdl:
C "' 'That L~he membersitA'i of the' IconV<
tiiAn shall r'e'l itS compi1'esaiti *:
r.. daiy alu. in,' theA sess5ions of t~be IoAnVt
I tion, :2d :, cenLS perA milbe fori eni
,t. mile t-i- leI I colmig to and1 reOtuIA
a ing fr'om Al e con111)ve'iitio-"
n. (; Ivern' ShAeppard1 )Iit' said LIAber'e n
II some doubt as to what the convention 10
mn, would do about the por dioui. Tho stit
' Logislature had fixed the amount. and N
d- they owed it to thoulsolvos to accept loss
that figure. Ills resolution was In the be r
m, words of the act calling the conven- mill
K tion. A
SJ Mr. T. 1. Rogors moved to amend b3 som
Lr- making It $-i a day. Mr. W. 11". Clayton vaI
0 moved to lay the amendment on the saw
table. Met
is, A lively debate took place over the suiel
.1 per diem, and it was Insisted that the hav
1d- dologates were worth more than $2 a way
.1 day, but there was an implied contract gjN
. to serve for that amount, and a large takl
- iljrity stood by the act of the Log- Rll
T islature. ina,
'n, The roll ca;! was domanded on the yoa
At, vote to lay the amendment on the table, N
-- and the amendment was overw helmin- or r
ingly defeated by the following Vote : Is a
r- Yeas-Gov. John Gary Eivans, Asho, ago
L Aldrich, Alexander, Atkinson, Bates, T
A Bohro, llrry, lowman, liradhal, secc
I 3Uroazoale, Brice (.1. S.), Bico (T. W.), ally
Bryan, Buist, Burn, Byrd. Cantey, '.'
-0 Clayton, Cooper, )enis, l)ent, l)er- bly
r- ham, Doyle, Elilrd, Eliirbo, Estridge tion
N Evans (W. I).), liold, lloyd, lraser, the
is, Gamble, Garris, Gary, GillUnd, (Glen, dur
T (.1. 1.), Gooding, Graham, Gray, Gun- and
tor, Haimel, Harris, llarrisoni, Hay, som
r- [Laynsworth, Henderson (1). S.), Hen- tenm
It derson (Wm.), Honry, Iliers, Hodges, mili
ra Hutson, I rby, .Jlohnstone (George), .ones two
r- (1. 13), .ones (Willo) Keitt, Kennedy the
(.1. W.,) Lee, Lowman. McCown, Mc- the
C l)ormott, McKagen, McMahan, Mc- reta
i White, Matthews, Meares, MItchell, crei
A Moore, Morrison, Mower, Nash, Na- eui
s, thans, Nicholson, Oliver, Otts, Parlor, atic
I 'atterson, Patton, Peako, P'rince, ing
I- ltagsdalo, losboroigh, Rowlanld, Rts- s011
a- soll, Sheppard,' Slutler, Singletary, tion
'. Sloan, Smith (A. .1.), Smith (.1ereiah), Pl
i- Sm ith (H. P.), Suii ith W. C.), Sinoak, for I
Stackhouse, Stokes, Stribling. Sul- N
i- livan, Talbert, Tillman (13. It.), Tillman olIc
n, (G. 1).), Timm rman, Watson, Wells, atta
A Wharton, White (A. H1.). Whito (S. booi
n, V.), Wiggins, Wilson (Stanyarne), for t
r, Wilson (W. it ), Winkler-109. day
Nays-Anderson, Austin. Biarker, TI
- liarry. Bobo, Bowel, )ollay, I)udley In-cl
1o purrow, Pitch, Gago, Glenn, (.1 L.), Stat
In Hemphill, Howell, ,ervey, .1ohnson ('T. 10
)v, K'.) Kennedy (F,. P.) Klugh, McCialilL, vicU
M McCaslan, McGowan, MeMakin, Mont- Tl
gomery (.1. D.), Montgomery (.A. W.), Seci
Murray, l'arrott, l'erritte, Htead (,A. oral
II 11.), Iedfearn, iogers, Scarborough, and
Sligh, Smalls, Taylo-, Voin Kolnit.z, boa
Waters, Wigg, Woodward--38. der
n The original resolution wiats then vidc
J adopted its introdleci. rep
n- The convention to-day had noth ing thlini
I' to disturb its work. The mill is being pow
C- very rapidly IMed with aiterial, uinit
Which is intended should be ised in hl)
n, tile making of the new constitution of Gen
'- the State. Altogether ibout twenty sess
Io- now and distinct propositions were hy t
fts presen ted , to the convontion to-day for east
coisideration and incorporation In the the
m3, eIorts of the var'ious comiitteos. T
i Besides these Col. Aldrich presented tied
''. the draft of a complUtO constitution to era
re, which he had devoted much of his Col
k- ability and research. Att
This was distinctively a day of pre- PLIe
he liminary work. The committees have of I
all been arrai.ged and givon clerks, 81W
ir-- so far as dcoied advisable, and tihe 3ea
ml, committOes can bardly have any ti0
', excuso for not going promptly to work. T
W- The various measures give a good idea shu
-k, of the Sentiments of someic of the dele- two
Lit, gatos and the multitude of schemoes of of L
fts those who are le3re. One significant, ticOi
It. and, prihl1 aps, the most i mpi)orItint move witJ
of the day, was the introduction of the I 'ro
Ii- two ordinances for the creation of now bly
he countics. It is clearly shown that and
at Tillman and the friends of the now do0
.o- county idea are going to make a light N4
nd for the creation of certain n[ow countios ollic
by tile conIvention, and not to leave or (
h the mlatter~ so much to the discretion timcl
to of thle Legislature as it was thlought hUnl
mc had been genoi'ally diecided upon01. thle
Senator Till man will find considemrable resi<
3r' opplositlin to doing anythinag about niext
dt- new counties at this time exceplt pcir- thle
'e- Iaps to arr-ango for smnalIer counties. i n
a .Thle tcnvenltionl wais again taken in Coi
be4 charge by President invans, who( in- Ju id1
troduced the Rev. Mr i. A buoy to otfer in
0- thle opening prayer. Th'Ie old-tim 11 oo1l0
143 motion to dispense with tihe reauding thler
of thle jou rnal was made with goodl over
1n- motives, but lresident Evans sug- whlo
ata gested that it would be wvell not to wit:
lc, dispense wvithi the readling on accon t tin
m of thle impi1ortance of thle woirk and~ tihe 11.1u)
ke necessity of hatving an absolutely cor- or p
id re0c, jouriinl. The readi ng of the jouri- seau1
nal1 con)sumeld about fifteen minuites. Uil
he A var'iety of corr'ectins wVor ire. yeai
im- quested, espIecially as to gettinlg h~av'
of straight onl thle *2 por die m vote, the
IEveryone wanted to hlave his initials r'opt
he0 A fteor thle .iourn'ial bad b~een cor.- Stat
w rected IEx-Governor Shoeppardi, who is tutti
is- taking a mlost active patrt ini the pr1o- [I0 e
he coed ings, submI~littedl the reor~)t, of thle atL b
of c]ommiiittee on rules. Governor Shop- (lay
pard~( 1had( gone to great ti'oul at mor0
at hlomel in) hIis leisure mfomen~its to pre- wi
on~ paire a sot of rules foir thle goverinment reai
,th oif the nody, and tlboy wer~e adopted by guat
ny thet comm ilittee w ithiout muchel chlange, facu
he NIlr. Shieppaird, oil thie par~it of the com1- 81u11
lon mittee, moved the immediate consid- rig]
Iko oration oIf the reporti~'~. e(1u
arsI in'. I tagsd ale, of lFairfield, said that In
(If tilb] convention had gone along smooth- fur
vn ly withl its work thus far without ma;1
ty, iu les, and that lhe saw no occasion for or~
es- linniecessaryP3 hu11rry about i~ho adoptIon agta
t,hi. (If the irules. It, would be far boetter to Liior
th, hiave thle rules printed In ordcc that p)o5
ild the mlemnbers mighit better' consider 1ish1
>r'e what they wei'e vot~Ing for. Theii con- add1(
(Ion von tiona could( very well alf'ord to go at mil
ii da liy I(iOng' withlout any Ii xedl rules. A
Mrin. Sheppard antilci ptedo any lii
es' fror d'fei Iiscusslon by acceptinig the singlf
Im- suiggestionl, and mol(vinlg that, thle coin- eith
ng mit tee's ireport b)e nel( theO speiaii I offic
es orde 1for(Ii to-mlorroIw aftecr the aldotion a in;
or t the jou real. Thhi , wvas entLiirey mer101
wy'. sa:,iinfactory toi all paritics, and11 so the imise
tlon rles wenit, overI uii L to-morIirow. 0 en
ant Th'ae rules are (filto ex plicit andl do- a pp
>ri] taitll, and1( so far as caii be uieon cover' If
t~l eIver'y coni igoey. ablo
1.(''The Li me was occupied mainly with huis
thme inIti'odu lction (If various measur-es, bod1
't't amiong thoem thme draft of an entmro conm-re
stititution by3 Ccl. Itobert Aidrioch, (If the
n-~ Ilarnwel . 'Te folloing are the m~O.'it 11.(1
a str-ik ing p~arts, and( shoews close study vl
ch (In hiis plart as a consttultional lawyer' :moi
'n- TheO 110ous of ltopre'sentatives shall 11hor
heC composed of mnemblors chOoen by the
,a hal lot, every fourth yoat' hin
All other olicors shall be elected at
mh general election and shall hold
,hoir ollCs for four years.
T1he trial by jury as heretofore used
n this Stato, and the liberty of the
ross shall be forever inviolably pre
orved. But the General Assembly
ball have power to detormino the
inubor of persons who shall constitute
he jury in Inferior Courts, and may
lispenso with the grand jury in such
Uses as to it may seem advisable.
The General Assembly shall impose
capitation tax not to exceed two
olars on onch poll, the payment of
rhich shall be a condition precedent
, the exercise of the right of suffrage;
xcepting, however, from the opera
ion of such capitation tax all such
orsons as froin disability or otherwise
ught, in the judgment of the General
Lssembly, to be exempted.
Tle laws now in force in relation to
di homostead exemptions and the
ights of property of married women
hali remain inviolate.
Tho public debt of this State except
r the ordinary and current businbss
f the Stato shall never- be increased
xeopt by a two-thirds vote of the whole
L prese n tation.
Ne )erson shall be eligible to any
ilec in tils State unless ho possesses
hle, qualitientions prescribed for mem
L'i's of the ! louse of Ropresentatives
'y this Constitution.
The following summary of iniscol
aileours propoiltions will prove in
,r. liidley, or Marlboro.. >uts the
livoree matter ill a itshiel 1'. It is
.bout as short as could bo imagined.
'he resolution is simply : " That
ivorco froml thold onatiimoniy is
Mr. ilutson, of -Ianptoni, has given
lie married woman question mature
'oiuglt and makes the following pro
nsitlion : "IThe real and personal pro
3rty of a woman hold at the time of
0' marriage, or that which she may
roreafter acquire, otther by gift,
rant, inhiortance, deviso or other
ise, shall not be subject to levy and
LI for her husbund's debts, unless by
Ar' own acts she nakes herself liable
rcr'efor, but shall bo her separate
'Operty, and she shall have all the
ghts Incident to the same to which
I urnarri(l woman or a man is
ititlUd. She shall have the power to
mtract and 1) contracted with in the
Line manner as if she wore unmar
ed. "
Nir. Sullivan, of Anderson, has a
edge hammer resolution In the fol
wing : "No railroad or other cor
iratioi or the lesses, purchasers or
innagers of any railroad shall consoli
atW tho stock, property or franchises
f such corporation with. or lease or
urchase the works or franchises of,
r in any way control any other rail- -
Ot-, owtning or having uudor control
6 paLallol or comnIpetilng line : and the
iuestion whether railroads are par
LItlet or coipoting lines shall, when
lnianded by the party coimpilainant,
be dec(ide'd by a jury as in civil Cases."
,Nitr. (-'ray, of Gr-envillo, had ox
Ieree w ith this matter :" That
Ale G(wovernor 11, shall IIvO power to
'it, tines and forfeitures, to grant
-OprieVCs, commxutiations of sentence
md pardons, exCept in Cases of limi
>oalimnt: but no0 pardon shall be
'r'an ted nor sentence commuted Ox
ept upon the recommendation in
vriting of the Liotenant Governor,
kcretary of State, Attornoy General,
tiperintendent, of tie 'onitontiary,
r any thbree of them, after fill hear
ig, u poni (Iu publ ic notice and in opon
issioni, and such recommendation,
rith the reasons thorefor at longth,
IIaII be recorded and filed in the office
f the Secretary of State."
Mr . G. 1). Tillman, of Edgeoiold, of
Arod . " r A ordinanco providing for
lhe estabilishment of Saluda Count4'
ut, of a portion of l'dgefield County.'
Senator- 3. 1R. Tilhnan offered " an
rdinance to pirovidle for the estabtish
aent ot a county to be known as Mart
ary County, comnposed of por tions of
lhe piresent counties oif A bbeville and
dgcllold"'. Thae p~roposed area Is not
i vena in exact, terms, although the
oundiry lino are LP given.
Mr. iist of Greenville, offered the
>)llow Ing :"That, it shall be the duty
f the Genor'al Assemibly to provide for
lie suppijort oif the Dearf, Dumb) and
Uiind Institute.
Mvir. Sullivan, oif Anderson, who is a
.iceessful business man, offered this
:homo : "'Tho General Assembly
ray tax incomes, pirovidled that no
icomre shall b)e taxed wht n the prop
rty fronm which the incomie is derived
Mr. McWhite, oif lirence, has this
roposition :" That the General As
emrbly shall levy at each regular ses
ion after tihe adoption of tils Conm
titutlin an uinnual tax on ail taxable
iropierty throughout tire State for th3
uiJport of publ)1Ic schools, which tax
haillibe collected at the Mamne time
mdi biy the same agenrts as the general
tato levy, and shah lie paid into the
,reasury of tihe Stateo. There shall be
tssesscd on all taxable polis in the
state air annua~il tax of *1 on each poll
hre piroceds of which shall be applied
) edciirational puriposos. No other
oil tax shiall beh levied in the State,
or shall the amrount, exceed the limit
iven in this section. Tiho school tax
hall he distributed among the several
shrool d istricts, each tax payer dealigna
inig to what school said fund shal be1)
pptlied. No r'eligious sect or sects
rail have exclusive right to, or control
fany part of the school funds of th i
Late, nor shall sectarian principles be
mirghit In the piublic schools. Separate
shools shalt be provided for the white
rd colored chi ldren of the state."
Mir. lhtes, of hiarnwetl, offers this
ineise sec(tioni :" All laws now in
wee in this State and net repugnant
.i thris ('onstitution shall remain and
e In force unrtil altered or repealed
y the Il4ogislature, oir shall expire b~y
hrolr owni limnitationi."
Mr'. Huist, of Grecenviltc, offered the
allowinrg r'esolution :' "That no lot
cry shall ever' he alowed or be ad
erti sedl by newspaper8 ,or otherwise
'r its tickets be sold in this State, and
lie Gencerat Assembly shall provide by
aw at Its next session for the enforce
neuat of this pirovision."
itching, burning, scaly and crusty
calps of infants cleanse and healed,
mud quiet sleep restored by Johnson's
)rientaml Soap. Sold at Carpenter
Lhrn., Greenville, S. C
> wise to have the people cleet tLI
3 judges. This has been done by Statt
that are ahead of us in wealth, inte
ligence and education.
Your County governments and couie
are a farco. Make some provision f(
establishing county courts, sentencin
to chain gangs, etc. Thus you giv
ithe hest system of county governnCe
and road service known in the work
Guard against too small counties.
Tile educational question in thi
State is one of the most serious, b(
cause in schools citizens must be pr(
pared for government. The school
master is a most important personag(
The higher institutions are as iue
needed as the common schools. Ti
latter make a necessity for the forne
We cannot do without either. Don'
tear down any, but rather build ti
more of the higher institutions. N
tax that goes to such institutions I
ever unjlist or oppressive. The pec
ple get it back mLanifold.
You are to pass a qualification u
suffrage. You are here reprosentin
the intelligence of the State : ye
must perpetuate it. You must hav
an educational (ualification. You mus
do your duty. Let not censure o
foreigners and aliens deter you. Yoi
stand here as the whole people. Yoi
must recognize no factfonal difference
here. The delegates must riso abov
it. We must have the supremacy o
intelligence over ignorance. I t'no usi
to mince words, for it means whit
supremacy. There is no injustice t
the black man.
Now, another question--the luet
tion of corporations. Provisions shouli
be made to guard the people agains
the encroachmentsof corporate wealt1
--a plutocracy. This is not domagogy
but democracy. Corporations con
here. Our laws are in favor of then
but we owe to our people this saft
guard. The operatives are ne
foreigners, but South Carolinian
Special provisions should be mad
preventing the influence of corporti
tions on elections. Such an ollicer t
an inspector would be valuable in tl
feeling of security to the people, ai
such a service would be more valuabl
than the salary paid him.
The question of corruption in muni
ipalities needs your attention. Ti
only dishonest elections today, I vet
ture to say, are in municipalitie:
Guarantee the State, city and couint
alike protection.
With these reflections I leave th
question with you, asking your pardo
for giving you my opinions. I giv
them to you as a duty and not to *1
fluenco you. Looking at the personi
of the convention no man can say th
people have not acted wisely in sen(
ing you here. Almighty God g1ic
you wisdom and imbuo you with justic
andi moderation. Let your work g
forth not as the work of a faction, bu
as coming from the sovereignty of tl
State around which all can unite an
say " tihis is our constitution." an
then you will receive the " well dom
faithfiul servants," from the whole pI
Upon the concl usion of the addres.
the following persons were nominate
for reading clerk: G. Walt Whitmar
of Union, A. H. Dagnall, of Darlingtoi
and J. S. Witlers, of Chester. Ti
hal lot resulted as follows : Dagnal IS
Withers 54, Whitman, 11.
A number of resolutions were olfere
in regard to the ap pointanont of stant
ing committees, which caused a cot
siderable discussion, and the reolb
tions were referred to I special con
mit tee. which subsequently repor-te
through Gov. Sleppard to this effect
in order to expedite the business <
the convention the I 'res3ident is al
thorized to appoint standing coinmi
tees, consisting of eleven Inembel
each, on tihe following subjects. an
said committees shall report to tl
convention on mattecrs referred to then
D~eclaration of itights : Legisly tivt
Eixecutive ; J1udiclary ;1 Jurisprudonce
i10minenmt Domain ; Impoach1menits
Right of .Sulfragoe: Filnanco and Taxi
Lion : Educationi : Ch aritable and Pena
Institutions; M uulicipalities aund P oliec
Cor porations : Militia ; I'rinting : Couii
ty and County Gover~nmnts : A mend
ments to the Constitution ; Engrossei
Resolutions antd Ord inances : Curren
Accounts and Expenmses : Miscellancou
Miatters, and, also, a comm ittee o
rules to conbist of live mnembiers,a
which the l'resident, shall be cx olilei
a member. The repmort was adopted
This concluded the business sessio
of the opening dlay.
S~t" Ni) 1.\ Y'S i'RiO(iCICilN ;s.
T1he second day's session of the coi
vontion started off with a rush and
gr eat dieal of business wias gotten int
shape for action when thme propmer Limii
Th'le princip~al features of the dai
were the refusal of the convention t
increase their satlaries to $4 per dliemi
thme app~lointmienltof various commiiitteo
and the i.'troduction of a nmubr a
meaisures which their ad vocatta
would like to see incorporated i
thme orgaic law of the State. Thei co:
veuntion was called to order a few mi i
utos after II o'clock and the sessic
was opened withl prayer by lloy. .1. (
A buney.
I l'residenit 1l' anms annhounhced the al
pointmentl of the following stand in
commzittees, in the selection of whic
mulch interest had been manifostedi.
D~eelaration of ltights-J L M I rb'
chairman. .1 10 Ellerhe, .1 ( ) Hyrd, J
CantLey, 1 MI Suliviian, WV I Tiinmme
man, (Geo S Mower, (ie FP)I Von lKo
nitz, I" I' Taylor, W TV Hobo, WV 1 Sii
l'0xecutLive D~epartmenLt--C M I'0Iir<
chmairmam, J1 WaIler Gr'ay, MI I' Hlowe]
J1 UC Klughm, L~ S CJonnor, .J II IEstrhlg<
J1 'T Douglass, [t D) Lee, A J1 Smith,
WV lhagsdale, .J ii Scarborough.
Legislative Depti!L.ment-J A Sligl
chai rman, .1olin C Shoeppard(, II I3 M
White, S 10 White, 1I ii I3uist, WX
ilosbmoroug~h, J1 N I'aiiott, T1 MI Gillan
(eo ID Tillnmnn, U WV Gage, .1 1) .\
Jud1( icial --Stanyarne WV ilson, chai
man, I tobIert AldrIch, J1 E llroazeal
Geo Jiohnstono, I WV Bowmani, TIheo
Ba nrker, W C McGowan, C L Winklc
-C 1i l'eake, (4 W Gage, W J1 Striblin
.1uri~spruden~hce-G IDuncan Bll ir
ILee, J1 I yles GLenn, WV MI litch. I
'K high, TI I Itogers, Gleo .Johnstone.
1111mpeachlment-MI lR Cooper, cha]
man, .1 T1 Hay, G J Graham, It
Stacekhoumse, .J L Shuler, JT Mc~orinot
E 11 Heuser, A S Waters, Geo Vt
vI olmz G ur ltasdae IL nd
[tlh county in the State shall con
Ito )one election district.
0 new county shall be formed of 1
than, and no existing county shall
educed below four hundred square I
11 taxes upon property, real or per- I
L], shall Ibe laid upon the actual E
ie of tie property taxed, as th i
e shall be ascertained by an assess- t
it Imado for the pirpose of laying
I tax. And the Logislaturc shall c
L) power to raiso revonues Other
a than by taxes upon pro prty.
L) person shal1 be eligible to, or dI
or retain a scat i), the House of v
resentatives unless he is a white t
who hath attained the age of 21 o
3 person shall be eligible to or take p
3tain a seat in the Sonato unless he 0
white illin, wilo hath attained the
of 21 years.
10 I augislatlre shall Meet on the t
nd Tuesday in .iainuary, bi-annu- r
10 11111brers of the General Assom
Who shall mltt un1der' tihlis contituti- f4
shall be entitled to receive oit of o
public treasury for thoir expelses u
ng their attenldalce oil, going to I,
returning from the General As
bMy live dollars for each day's at- e
lance and twenty cents for every t
of the ordinary route of travel bu- I
an the residence of the member and I
capital or other placc of sitting of
General Assembly, both going an1d1
rning: and the saime may13' bo in
sed o' dimini11isIed by law if cilr.
StanCeS shial I req u ire, but 1 no alter
n shall bo madie to take offect dur
th existeunie of the General As- c
bly which shall make such altera- '
to Goverior shall hold his ollice tc
our years.
> person 8111l ho eligible to the t
3 of Governor no11es hie shall have t
ned the age Of :0 years and hath p
Ia Citizen Anld resident of this State 1)
110 ten y'urs nOxt preceding the it
f election. L
t GOVero' S111111 he commai1nerI- g
lief of tile armyI'i antd navy of this w
13, and Of tile militia, except whenl Sa
51h all he ealled into tile Ituili ser- Ih
of the United States. ti
le (overinor, together with tile p)
'etary of State, Comptroller (Sen- i
, Adjutant andt In1spet.r (;ueneral aI
Stato Treasurer, shall collstitLute at 0
'd of public pardons, and they uin- C(
such regulations ats ma11y he pro- tit
dI by law 1shall have power to gralt r
lcves aid IaIOINs after convictiiin,
ept in cases of im peitne llent,) in A
manner101. On suich termls, anid unl- kt
such1 rtstrictiols as t1hey p8111111 P
kc proper, and they N shall have 1
.r to remit fines an1d forfeitures d
ss otherwise directed by 1law. It 0
I he thoir dtity to report to the 1
rail Assembly ti, tile next regular U
ioll tihe'ealfter all pLrdoins grnited V
h101m. with at fuill statement of eatch
anMd I'lhe realson3 m lovinig thlem <
hore shall be elected by thle quali
voters of thit Stato lt every genl
I 0lection at SecrOtary of State. a
aptirolilr General. at Treasiu rer, an
orney General, 111 A djitant and In
JtO' Gen1ral Iiald at Super inlltelldent
,dueatioll, who shall hold their re
!tive olllees for tile telr11 of four a
rs and whose dut1ies aLi d componsa 1
I shall be hprescribhed by law.
he jildiciatry powelr Of tilis State
i bie vested ill it Supremle Court,, in
ircuilit CourtLs, to-wit : A Court E
oimmion I'les having civil jLrIisd ic
, anid a Court, of ('01e0rl Sessions,
I Criminal jurisdiction onl y, and in
bate Courts. 'I'he General Assom- s
Ina l. Lso establish Such-1 muilial V
other inferior Coilrts as may le s
110d necessary.
> person shall be eligible to the
. of .11uge of tile Suiremne Court f4
Jir'cuit Courits who is not aL the t
oif hIis lec0t~tIon IL citizten of the (I
age oif :1( years, and1( boon a c
lent of this Stato for live years
Ld option oif thl is Constit~ution. t
aili caso0 deciided1 by tihe Supremol1 I.
't a coincurr'ence of th roe of the
oes shall be necessary to a decision.
all eletions to lie madlte by thbe
le oif tis State, 0or of any part,~
cof, for civil or plitical ollicos,
y person shall lie entitledl to vot~e
ihas tihe following (quallliiations, to
hiesihalili eL froo man wilo has ait
3d the age (if 21 years, andl is not aL
10er, nor1 aL non-llcomi)nssioned ollicor s
rivato sold( let' of the armiy, nor a =L
iL nor mari1'1no of thet navy of the ~
ed States. Ile shiall for the two
a next pirocedinlg the day3 of electionl
been1 aL citizeni (if L~is l State, or' fo"
saime pieriod anl emiigraint fr'om lMu
, wh hasi dec5la0(111 d i intetnion to I
meI IL citiz/en of the United s
es accoding to tihe Cionsti
in and1 laws oif tile UJiltedl States.
Ihlal Ihave resided iln thtis State for I
last two years next, pr'eodinig tihe I
of election, alnd for the last, six
thls of that time inl tile county ini 1
oh he olforis to) voto, alnd who~ can
I and1 wi'ito in tile Enlish i an- 1111
go: Pr1ovidled, thait an Act of the
islatur'e declaring any person (if
cient intelligence to exerise'1 tile I
1t of su1ffrage shall he deemeltd the I
ivaleint oif aii ity to readl and) write
the Engl ishl language : Prov ided. ?
', by3 requIlirling aL tegixtry of voter's, 8
other' sitabile logislationl, guar'ds
is of thbo righit, of sulfrage, miay im-' a
.a odisqual11i fication to vote as~ a pun-11 s
no(n1t foir cr'imo1(, and1( may pro llscrible o
itional qua111 lictionis for voters in S
Il ,ci vil ollior w hose autthor'ity is s
ted to aL single juldicil county, ii
le eIlectiion distictL or part of
er, shll be3 ~ih~ apintedl, hil d thieir e'
13, lie remiovedl froml ollice, andl, f<
Litdition toi liabiility to impleach-' to
t, may1, bie puin Iihed for iillicial 1b
3ondiuet, Inl such manneL~lir as8 tile 1
ceral A ssemaibly, preovious1 to thehi t
01Iintmnt, maly pro~vido.
anly civil ollicor' shahll become d is-'g
d from dlischiarging tileol duties of
illice, by reason of any piermatneut
Ily or meitntail inlirmiity, his8 olieo
13(e dcclared to be valcant, by joinlt
iiu1tion, agreed to by tweo-th irdisof
whole repriIesentaition0 in each1 ,
ISO) of the General A\sumbly' : 'ro
3d, that slichI reCsoluitnl shaill con1
I thle groulnds for the proposed re
ral, a~nd, be13fire it shall 1)ass 0 ithe 1'
so, a copy of it shall bie ser'vedon Oi
(11lleer, andt 1 a he~i arig ho allo0wedl

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