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THS STATE PENITENTIARY
AN EXOELLENT SHOWING FONI
THE PAST YEAL.
The Instituton Begins the New Yea&
With a Surplus and the Prospecta
for the Coming Year are Bright.
The report of the operations of the
Penitentiary for the past year hat
been issued, and a most oxcellent
showing is mado. The institution
begins the Now Year with a ule sur.
plus and the financial prospects are
bright. Superintendent Neal and his
associato oficers ht.ve conducted the
affairs of the institution on the bet
business principles and their services
will no doubt be appreciated b) the
'lho following report of Suporinten.
dont Neal will prove interesting :
As required by law, I have the honor
to submit my third annual report at
stpritlendent of the South Carolina
PenitoutLiary for fourteen months, oud
ihg this day.
I make this report for fourteen
months inctuad of twelvo months,
cauued by the now Constitution chang
ing th liseai year (rozm October 31"t
to DeceWbor 31st, making the long
report Lthii year instead of next.
I am g.ad to say tiat the financial
condition of the l'enituntialy - good.
We have had heavy expieiuSOb thi
year, ctuzed by equipping thO three
State farms. whi.na wtre leased to
private parti., befhre L was elected
Superitnc'en' . Vich leaet.a expired
with the yearI.:
This change' caused us to buy bixty
eigIt Ii.o ,s alnd n1or',es, C gile. gins,
wagons1. toa,)-, lariuning impienj-Unts
arnd bujat, iags, at a cot 0; about $12,
000. Tie crops ior tuiic pant pLar On
the three State farms were good a a
whole, ailt on the nlare faruis fatIly
good, wita one or two exceptions.
The State's share of the crops is as fol
lows ;.l15 b~>a:s of cottoln, 2,15>0
bushelh Ai corn, 3,51 bostiele of cot
too SeC.Li, 53,Qt00 pounds of h e and
foddu:r, 1,W5 Lu~t- of peasi, 2.50ou
galion of, molusses. -'f busneIs ofc ree,
300 worli ol tobacLo. 5,vok0 u cii o
CaLh value of Crops for the year,
Liab) o ies of the inozitution, azide
from iic Icid farn purebased. $4.
6. \ e have ir ex-v 2,Ii40.'2
duc J k," conVv1 ir1e ano other,
5O'iire. , : : : va.n vah Lie of crope
now % %auu, si vo1, w ich give u,
cabh link) suplie to cegin Liti year'
work o $15.5.5'. after Ucicting the
liatiities. \\ e boug iLt January las,
the " RtJiU I llantation," adjoining the
" DcSaunure Farm," 1,712 acres, for
$S,450.0o, which viil enable us to
thorough'y protect the whoic swamp
lands from overflow, giving us a very
valuable tract of land, containing 4,
We made on the two places this year
14,OO bushels of corn, 4M0 6ales of cot
toll, 3,000 bushels of oats, 2,400 g allons
of molasses, 225,000 pounds of hay and
fodder, 600 bushels peas, 12,000 bushels
of cotton -sced ; and we expect to do
much butter on these two places next
year, as we will have more time to
prepare iand clear land and plt the
places in good lix [or a rop.
Owing to thu depresed fiinanlcial
Conlditioll of the country, we were unit
ble to place the conviet labor for as
gooI a prie as wO will the Cominig
year. But notwithstanding the liar
times and low prices of [arm pro duct:
we will be ahle to run the penitentiara
without asking the Legislature fo
help. I think we should congratulat,
ourselves that in spite of floods, tir
and money panies, all of which w
have had heavy lossoes from, we ar
able to piull throughI and make thm
many ~improvemenlts that wo hav
made during the past three years.
We have (turniished Clemson Col leg
d uring tile past year wi th 10;0180 day :
labor, at 410 cents per day, $4,272.00
with clothes, slhoes and othber expenise
amlountinlg to *1,170.40. We also fur
nished the Winlthrop Normual and In
dustri~a School 18,528 days' labor, al
40 cents per day, *7,411,20, guard hire,
clothes, shoes and other expenses
amounting to $3,021.42. We furnished
the Luuatic Asylumii with 7,280 days
labor, at 410 cents por' day, ipnounting
to $2,912.00, guarding and (otiler ex
p~enisc *1,5000, froum whIich we only re
ceived $3, I8i.00t. it will be readily seeni
that thieie three State int~tutlOl,
have receiveu from the penitlenttar'
labor an.IU ct al in th e sum: of $17,114,3ti,
as requiried i>.x Li:. I .: ls'tunri, free oh
cost. llor at nitoe ti e-o aeatoll -nt
of the ca~ . anti c., o''nse ac~ouni ,i
respc!tM~. rfI you (L to thie m.ri' ..x.
wij ftild ,ry I ullti a
shown byt our a~ ien i, we l.a., coin
conv. 1 . .- : .o. e . . i .
ed fr .''. ,.. - . or the v--s aur
teen -- - e. I IbE ro th. a :y:ne. b:
r e'tio .e man ingeoc o. s..
40; tec ted, 49: hy Or..of uCL court;2;
by (leatui, 4i ; theu it h .LLai. n,,~ u
to eseape,' 3i; dr'ownfed, I; tr'aneifereti
to the. a- non, 2 T. .ng a .t i :o.'
matking 72 prt-oerl - I -s tioan .otre or
hane Oetonrr 3121. Vi I. leour a .u,,n
expili ..u en t of' toe ltocattin
etc., of the~ p. ?iner, i wou d tcal -,oui
attention to the fuli an~d 'omlet.
stateme'nt of Capt,. I' LI. Wtst Ilthi
which I feel eu.'o yu1 will ind enltircll
You 4ill see fronm tile abovo repor1
that w~e have lost from disease, auci
dent an being nihot w ile atteimptin.
to escape, In ail; 47-4 less than last
year. We are glad to say that thhi
compilares favorably with the death
rate of thc healthiest, town and( cities
in this State or any other State in the
We have not spared money or time,
but have given and done what was
necessai'y to promote the health and
comfort of the prison.
I would especially recommend the,
cuilding of two more wards to the
hospital, in one of which to confine
the contirmed cases of lung troubles.
and In the other the suspected cases
which in my opinlen would materially
reduce the death ?ate in a few years.
1 do not think we should confine a
stout, vigoi'ous pdisoner with one with
lung trouble, as the medical world
fully agree that any~ form of lung dfis
ease Is very contagIous, and will ulti
mately be imparted from thle sick man
to the well, with little hope of being
checked by medical skill. If these
terrible diseases are contracted here
by neglect of ours, I conslder it a
serious cause for complaint on the part
of the prisoners and the thinking pub
lIc. For a further and a more com-.
plete report, would bog to refer you to
the itemised statement of Dr. D. 83
Pope, our skilled and painstaking
As to the spiritual condition of the
institution, I am glad to report that
the jrisoners seem- to take much in
tarea : in the chnwoh and 8uba
school work. We have regular ohurc
and Sunday school services each Sal
bath morning and afternoon. For
full report I will call your attention i
t he statement of our worthy Chaplaii
1ev. A. P. Norris.
It gives me much pleasure in th
public way to thank Mr. C. D. Stanle
and his lady assistants for their tirt
loss energy in the Sunday school wor
coming, as they do, every Sunday, rt
gardless of the weather, to work I
our Sunday school for prisoners. Th
prisoners seem to enjoy very m1uc0
their work and help, which I hope wil
be continued during the coming yOa
Allow me to thank his Excellteno:
Governor Evans for the wise counSO
and help given me In many ways dun
ngthe y ear.
I be also to thank the Board o
Directors for the kind and courteout
treatment which I nave received a
their hands and tho good advico given
I also thank the clerk, Mr. R. E
liurris, Capt. 1,. 1. Westliold, Dr. D
>. Pope, Sergt. W. W. Adams, Rlev. A
l'. Norri- and all tie olli a
guards for the uniform kind treatiuen
wi idaI have received at their hands
I thank thein all for the faithful dis
charge of their duties during the pas
lou rteen months: and I hope outr rea
tions will continue as pleasant for til
next year as it has been in the past.
All of which I bog respectfully ti
submiit. W . A. NE-Ar,,
S peri ntendent.
WAN-IS AN INViESTiGATION.
Onte ol' the Penlitentiary livrectors
(harges Ext ravigotie (in tihe Par(
01' tho Supen-itemtlenit.
In conneeLion With the report of the
Superintendent of the 'enitentiary
nowewihat of a sensation will lie creat
ed by a minority report of Mr. T. C
Wilough uy, a memb'.r of the board o
directors, who charges that the inl
utitution has not bee-n coIducted t
e.rdinig to sound lousiless priii<ples
aind thant. lie thas hein tu t 01 1et. r
ti light he waintied in refertenct- u
Ine trtnsatiionS Of I Ilk I 'nit.1 ntaary.
Te majorit y p otil. ni tbe olt-i
Iland comndy flt s It' " Nise Und Slit
Siu '' manag me~Ot of ( t'0olIe: N ,ali
:1n1d eXpresse.s I ic Iit- lit'f t-oa tuh be lt
t-ntiary has a brig iii. Snuncitiftai iu tu
M 'Sr. Wij oupbuby sayL ill m. rport ti
As i mmIIIei!' of Ih Plt' itent,iar.
Hoaldl of Dire tor:.. I tg iea'i I'
mainike the fohowin-g repo-t. I CeULO
with th- majo:-ity aS to the conditli
(If tle pi-operty under ot char, Li
in so doing I co not ianeton the man
agemtent, which I am inel ned tothink
from pieronul obseri-viation and the in
formation attainable, is not of tha
kind which commends itself to sount
business principles. The want c
economic ideas and the glaring ex
tr-avaganco is such as should call fo
legislative investigation and remedy
The system of bookkeeping am
monthl y statemont in VogNO in ti
iistitition is not such as throws ligh
upon the fiscal traibactions of tle in
stitution, to those who like this Hoard
have only a limited timo to exiiiin
and investigato. And my experienc<
in seeking information from the at
coutitatnts of the I enitentiary leadt i
to infer that light is the last thing de
sirable, not that I charge anything (it
honest ; I only narrate my exporienec
The supply of the vast amount 4
suipplies of all kinds needed for tlh
Penitentiary, its farmts andl t',amp~s,
seems Lto me, should he let to ctompl
tition and awarded to the lowest r
3 sponsible hidder, and not, left, as
Li pres.ent ini the entire control of ti1
0 suier-intendent. The lax manner
o examinting and passing accounts bly ti
o boiard needs legislative attention, sin
o the board itself has failed to see t;
neecessity of reformn on that line.
LI 'Te system (If colnracts anid hint
i' s to mny minmd ini manty instances
violation of the Stattuto, and the
are irregularities andh violations
law within my own observation whit
are perversivu of that goodi ord~or at
management, which the public have
right to expect of us.
T1. C. WJIL~ouWIny,
hllorence, S. C., Jantuary 4th, 1896.
'PIll iM tA JORtI'iY um-l:'OR'r.
TJhe followinag is the r--ptrt, of a mi
jority of thc floard of D i ree*,ors, wi.
sustain the fmnageimnt of Sup't,. Neai
Th'Ie rep~ort Is addressed to the Gove
De~ar Sir : We beg recspectfully I
subm it titi follow ing replotrt as LI
boLardn~ of d1irectors of the4 Soth Carol
a I 14 ti ton * in ry for fou Ei-teen mtniL
b-in2inl.ug tubo 1st of Novemnber, i18)
andl ending the 31st 1i Decembilor, 18i)
in new~ constuoLion h~aving cliangi
te liseal yeuar Lto Jatnuary 1st., l.19
aaking it neessary that ourt repel
vintg- to I bE dteath of one. of iot
ed m.i 'ibert ls onl Noverober 2tm
I >,. .\r. J1. M. Spiro't, ourn Bioard 4o1
- nt ny Eo; nly oumr memifbers, T.,
Ci nning men. J1. WV. Lyles, S. P'. Gal
r18ii ad T. 4'. W i oughtby-.
The atggre'gatc treceipts for the fou1
teen maonthis wetro *147,Ut60.00 ; est
mted~ti valu to tf LrOpIs tin htand, *'l5,0t', 01
amttountt due fr-om 'onvict, hire an
outer soutrce-s, $3.24l2 54i ; umak ing
toltal of $1650,3t0.14.
Th disbarnemIL ients w.-re $I14,921.88
1i L37.39 tI- ttCkin ao tot ofE $14,h 1 ta
tumid lea.ving ant es~ iU1tim ated ateec
We are piensted to -Lay tht tht
I in is1 ini Iirst- clatss 'otnd itio li
every respect,. iThe prisoners arl
beuinig well cared fort, antoi everv d
partment shtows a cret lanb. t i mu' .
mtent. We do not deemtl it Iee:,-ai
to go 1into details. as you il tin ~
ilete statieent from eatchf ollicr -i
eiharge (If thte vaitons depime~ttnt.
TheIa DeSauss te fatrmt haw been jpai
in full. VThe IBoard LIIboughlt it wise
purchase the "1it-id farm," anjoinina
Lhe " DeSaussum e farm," and did so,
a cost of $8,450. Trhese two platces mak
a very desirable farm, aggr-egatan
4,712 acres, and both places have bee
thoroughly equLilpped with machi nor
wagons, mules, etc., at a cost oIf abou
$8,500. Th'e bottom lands have hbe
thoroughly dlyked, and we believ
capable of reeisting freshets. Thes
farms have been worked this year b
the penitentiary for the first timt
Thue institution owns seventy-nine heat
of mules and horses, sixty-eight o
which wore purchased this year.
The only outstanding indebtednes
against thte penitentiary now is thi
purchase prilce af the "HIold farm."
We take great pleasure in saying
that .he condition of the pontitentiar
in general, under the wise and stuccess
ful management of its superintendent
Col. W. A. Neal, is al- that could bt
expr-eted, anid we desirs express out
high regardsl for him, boeb as a busi
ness man and a superintendent (of th<
In counclusion, allow us to expre-s5
the belief that the penitentar~y wil
begin the new year with a br-Ight i
naitual future, as it seems to us al
necussary improvements, for som<
time to come, have been supplied.
h various ofiloors and gutWrd. have been
)- 'agreeablo and pleasant, and we desire
a to express to each of tkll our appre.
o ciation of the manner l'i whlch they
have disolarged theur respootive
T. J. CUNNINUIHAM, Chairman.
Y ~ J. W. LYlxs,
S. P1. J. GARRIS.
Will TAXICS BIE ItAISICD?
3 The Preseit itate is Not Sulelcient
to Doi'ay Expenses--An Incomo
I and liese Tax Suiggeste'd.
Columbia Cor. News and Courier.
I There is a provision in the now con
stitution " that the General Assembly
may provide for a graduated tax on
Iucomes and for a graduated liconse
Ion cOupations and businose." it i"
extreme ly likely that the General
Assembly will be called upon to pass
sonme such law. As yet U10r. is noth
ing dcilnito on this line and the pro
position in merely in the air, but it has
been talked about and will very likely
be referred to the Gcneral Assembly.
Tle pr'ine reason for scii a suggeo
tion is that it is desired to koop the
61ato tax luvy down to four and a halt
mills, and tl1t fear that with the tax
fixod at four and a half mills the our
rent expenses of running the Statei
governmwent cannot be met. The tax
levy for the fiscal year i894-1895 is four
and a half mills on $169,448.945, and if
all of I.- taxes assessed wer cllected
it wontl tcalize to tibe bLato $762,530.
37, but, as is known, all of tho assessou
taxes aro not collected, and with the
$100,00U derived from the Stato dispen
nary this will not be suficiont to pay
Utie guneraei xen)CUbs of the State,
which run from $800,000 to $900,000
under general conditions.
Now the Genroral Assembly, when
it meets next, week, will have to
Ir(ovide for the current expenses of
thL1 State for foirteen months, be
.miISe;, uder the chango of the fiscal
*y. ar, thure are two muolntihs out in the
o-0 1,1hat, will have to bc taken up in
-V(ine appr!Oo.riiaLioIn bill. This will
' amilount, , about ono-.sixth of a mill.
- n aiuo it.ion tiheru'e will have to be an
I appropriation of ahout $20.o00 to meet
- the :X pen.-es of t c(3ostitutional con
. nt u1tion in add(Ifition to the $30,000 that
ha, a ready bee aillropriated.
Thie i testiotn of a graduated In
ome tax as well as a tax on occupa
uen., anild hu-,ies comes from this
fact: It is desired Lo keoe the tax
ievy as near four and a half mills as
possibi'. It is feared that, four and a
half in ilis will not, satisfy thbe actual de
mands of the government, and in the
event that it does not then it is nug
"gested that the special tax be pro
vided for, something on the samo plan
of the supplemountary tax under the
- educational article in the now con
stitution. if the four and a half miils
answers the needs of the State, trea
3 sury tlen there is 110 need for the in
come tax that has been spoken of. The
t tax department is of the opinion that
-a 1 - P01' cent levy will not supply
, sullicient funds for the general State
' expenses judging from past experi
ences and especially now that the dis
perlsary fund is not available for
I general purposes.
Comptrollor General Norton was
asked w hether he thought, there would
hr be any increase in the assessed val
uatlon of the property of the State
, lIe did not scem to think that ther
would be. There could be0 but littl<
change, as but few classes of taxable
prpryare liable to increases, an<
hteti ntthink that the taxabl<
valuos would run over $170,000,00
under' the assessmont ttiat was not
eThere is lIkely to be another pr'e
positlion to increaso the runds for th.
ugneral exp~enses of thec State. Unde
in the priesent law any insurance comi
ro panies doing business In thbe State ar<
of recquirod to pay to the counties thi
.h regular tax levy on the uot businos
ic- done by the company in the respectivt
a counties. The pr'oposition is to pal
this tax on insurance directly to the
State, and likely making It lower b~
so doing. It is baid thbat, thbe insur'ance
comp~anles wvill pro'fer to pay the taxoi
directly to the State than to mak<
.returns in each of the counties am
o pay it in tho various counties wvher<
1there is no reguhar'ity in the r'ate o
It will be intere-ting to nlote th<
o Itax asuiesmonts for' a uumihor of yeara
e paLst. Th'Ieso fig uros belo0w do not in
j- clude tlhe school levy :
S 1879 82.....".. ..''''~.4
Te chool tax levy will hereaftel
Trho announcement that there woul<
be a necessary increase in the tax lev~
to meet the expenses of the Statb
agovernmnent has created considerabli
dicussion and some dissatIsfaction
The1 Comptroller Gener'al staten tha
un'iess theri' is an income tax and l
hioonso tax prIovidIed the tax levy wil
have to be about ten mills to meet al
(expenises of governmecnt. Tiho dispen
ar'y profits, which are supposed t<
amiounft $100,000, have all been giver
to the school fund, and phosphati
poyalthe s tied up in a sinking fund t<
pyteState debt. These funds can
not, therefore, be considered In provid
ing for the necessary expenses of thi
,.ver'nment. It is very likely tha1
hmh11 the income tax and license. bil
will be introduced in the LegIslature
Th'1le CJomptroller General stated thai
b e did not know what scheme would
hei devised in reference to incomes,
b ut suggested that it would probabl3
'be a tax on all who received an incom
Sof *1,000 or more. T1hat would bear
eClually on all the people of the State,
but the license scheme will only affoct
Sthe town people. It is stated that
farmers, for instance, will not be sub
Sject to a lliunse tax, although they
are in " business " like any one else.
T 'he Comptroller General estimates
-that a tax on incomes of a thousand
1dollars would bring in about $50,000.
SThis wIll not he enough to meet the
deficit. The license tax on busIness as
char'ged In Charleston would bring in
about $500,000. Comptroller General
Norton does not Intend to recommend
any plan to the Legislature, but will
simfply call to the attention of the
members what they are permitted to
do tinder the constItution. The whole
subject Is one in which the offlla
are deeply interested, and they are
scratching their heads daily 'to got up
some scheme to raise the money and
still not Increase the rate of taxation.
-Mrs. Parting ton says nothing de
I spines her so much as to see people wt e
Sprofess to ex pxet a ivation, go to church
without their purses when a recole o.
3 tHon ist e aen.
THIS YEAR'S COTTON CROP.
The Great Ixpert Says that Cottor
Will Not Bring Higher Prices.
The Augusta Chronicle publishei
the followiug.letter from Mr. Alfred
13. Shopperson in reference to the cot
NEw YoRK, Jan. 2, 1890.
H-on. Patrick Walsh, August, Ga.
My Dear Sir :--The year which haE
just ended will be a memorable one
for the cotton trade, inasmuch 'as It
recorded the lowest, price for middling
uplauds ever reached in Liverpool, ex
copt when the samo low figure, twc
and thirty-one thirty seconds, (2 31-32)
pence per pound was touched-.in No
vomber, 1894. Tihe lowest price in
New York ior forty-eight years wasalso
reached in November, 1894, and re
peated at, intervals to March, 1895.
The largest crop ever produced in
America % as grown in 1894 and
matketed in the cuuiercial cotton
season in 1894-5. From th 3 low ebb
of March 1, 1890, there was one of the
most remarkat1c reactions ever known
when prices advanced in Now York
.from 5 9-16 on March Ist to 9 3-8 cents
on Oct. 15th !)r h,.ua uplands cot
ton, a matter of tl.ree and thirtLeon
sixteeiths (3 13-16) a per pound.
This great, .ad vaLu was due in part
to the imiprovome-n,1 in the general
business of tu couliury, but chiell.y to
speculative buying of cottun futures.
On account of the comparatively
high pricec!..- h ru'd in Soptem
bor and OUtubUrc, LuLoLJ of thO crop of
1895- 96 was marketed at good prices.
Much interest is now felt, in cotton
circles in regard to the extent of the
crop now coming in, and in the ques
tion of the acreage of the crop to be
planted this year.
I am sa't,islied that a large quantity
of cotton has been held back in the
interior by country merchants and
farmers on account of the sudden and
serious decline which occurred in the
middle of October.
I anticipatu cuumparadvely large re
celpts in January, and think the crop
will probably b; auout seven million
bales with a )ossibility of even more.
Excellent weatber lor maturing and
picking and long delay of frosts partly
compensated for unlaivorable condi
tions earlice in the season.
In view of the very largo stocks of
cotton at ttue bou1IIinlng o1 this season
in the Amurican anut Eduropean mar
kets, and in the hands ol spinnors, and
the fact that muen larger shipment
will certainly 1.c made from India,
Egypt and Bruzit Luan last season, 1
do not think thoro wil. be any such
scarcity of cotten as would advanet
the price to such an extent as to justi
fy any increase whatever of the pres
ent cotton acreago in this country at
the expense of a reduction in food and
I think that an increase of our cot
ton acreage would probably caust
lower prices of cotton for the re
mainder of this season, and certainl3
for the next season also, unless thi
weather conditions for the new crol
should be extremely unfavorable.
No man rejoiced more than I did ai
the recovery of cotton from the un.
warranted depression, though I dk
not have any pecuniary interest in thi
market and have none now. Feeling
however, a deep interest in the pros
perity of the South, I would regard ai
increase of cotton acreage this year a
a most unwise policy.
With best wishes for a happy an
prosperous New- Year, I remain, youm
ArAw. B3. SIPPE~RSON.
* REIDUCINGA THlE CO .
Cotton Growers Will Compare Noti
About the Rteduction of Acr-eage.
I) Ion. Hector D. Lane, of Alabam
the president of the American Cott
. Growers' Protective Association, hi
issued the following call to the cottc
growers for a convention to assemb:
at Memphia on Tuesday, January 21s
Sin order to formulate somo rule as
plan of action by which the problem <
cotton acreage next season might 1
solved beneficially to the planters. M
Lane reviews tihe tactics of the "beart
to depress the values of cotton to th
detriment of the producers and co,
cludes wIth the offer of a' plan whicl
If worked out, will result in favor (
the cotton farmers :
" To the American Cotton Grower
Protective Association-The time hi
arrived when next year-'s acreage i
cotton should reedvt m;od serious cot
sideration. Our enemies, the cotte
'bears,' are anticipatiing matters 1:
indlustriously circulating reports tha
It is the intention of the cotton grov
ers to enormously increase the cottc
acreage, and double the use of con:
mercial fertilizers the coming seasoi
which will result In the prodiuction
a crop of fromu ten to twolve milic
"ir. format ion comes from Texas thn
New Orleans 'bears' arc reporting thn
Texas wil plant for four million bale
These reports arc circulated to indu<
the Southern people to sell the balant
of this smalll crop at present low price
" According to the oflicial dal
America has exported to Eorope or
million three hundred and twent,
three thousand bales less than la!
. "The Northern mills have take
four Ilumdired and fifty thousand halh
less than last year.
"Stocks of cotton at American perl
andi Interior towns are abouit the san'
at last year-, but as the season pr<
gressos the stocks at the ports wi
daily grow less ats compared with 1a
" On the other hand i~ho mills<
England, America and the continer
are running full time and if they kee
up the present consumption until' nem
September, they will need .all of yut
cotton ; they cannot wait for the nea
crop. What then prevents yot
obtaining remunerative pricos for- ti]
remaining portion of this crop ? Th
Is easily answered. The speculativ
'bears' of New Orleans, New York as
Liverpool are thorouaghly indifferent i
your condition and rock little of yoi
welfare. Tbey would be glad to .st
otton selling at d cents and woul
contribute their aid in pressing:
down to the lowest regard less of thm
destitution and sorrow that would ci
sue throughout the South under sue
" The Southern planter has the powc
to depose these m eckless despots an
wholesale despoilers of our prosperiti
destroy the annual surplus, their abl
coadjutor, by judicious decrease
acreage, and these gentlemen will lt
cut out of a job. Plant only a modoi
ateocrop and you will be bettor off wit
a seven to a seven and a half millio
bale crop, selling at 10 to ii cents, tha
a ten mil lion bale crop, selling at 5
" Do not be led Into the error he
- ou can deceive the groat firms the
tuy your product. Te have thef
agente in every town and village
l hoy are ever scrutini'.ng your actioni
um>d know more in regatrd to thme generm
acreage than you can possibly find ou
"Conceiving this to be a matter <
paramount importance to the materit
Interests of the South and being im
pressed that this question in its most
comprehensive form should be con
sidered gravely,1 therefore deem it ad
visable toaat; the cotton growers must
meet in convention, that we formulate
and adopt some intelligent rule of ac
tion through which we may be enabled
to combat these agencies, whose perni
cious methods are so destructive toour
"On account of its general accossi
bility I hereby name Memphis as the
place and Tuesda , January 21st, as
the time of meetint.
" I earnestly invi te all classes of our
citizens that are directly or indirectlyi
interested in protecting the value of
our main commodity, cotton, to join
with us in our deliberations.
" The invitation is extended to all
agricultural societies, alliances, gran
ges, cotton exchanges, commission
merchants, factors, associations, etc.
" The movement is strictly non
political, but essentially industrial ;
therefore no man should say nay on ac
count of political afliliations.
" I re-pectfui'' invoke the aid of the
oress. Recognizing the demand for
uoroic action amL tlbo disaster that is to
follow without it, I apiOal to all pa
wiiotlc people to join in this struggle to
auancipato our )people from a bondage
that is as oppressive and ignominious
as was intlictied by the czar upon a
" No longer'can we live prosperously
md happily under so ty rannical a Sys
aim. The demnand of the occasion lb
for honest, earnest men, who have the
intelligence to appreciate prevailing
conditions and the courage to 'Take
up arms against a sea of troubles, and,
by opposing, end them,' I remain,
" HECToR D. LANE.
"President American Cotton Grow
r's' Protective Association."
THIE, ItAILROADS RESIST.
it Refusal to Inaugurate the Ferti
lizer Mates-The Attorney General
Will Ask Am banltlamnias.
The railroads seem bent on their
determination to make an issue with
Ghe Stato on'the fertilizer rate inatter.
[t was learned yesterday that not a
iingle road had piut into effect the
--ates as recently promulgated by the
ooard, but on the cohtrary all of them
were absolitely refusing to obey the
iaw, notwithstanding demands had
been made on them to do so. This is
the tine of the year when fertilizers
are tuoved heavilymand it is of'great Ir
portance to shipper as well as buyei
that the reduced railroad ratu should
The refusal of the roads to put the
new schedule into effect means, of
course, war between them and the
Commission and in' the end there can
be but one result.
The Commission has only one way to
enforce their regulations and that is
through the courts. A mandamus can
be taken out against the roads and in
case it is shown that they have will
fully violated the rules of the Coin
nission, they are liable to a fine of
$1,000 at the least for each oltense. The
line may be increased to $5,000.
The Attorney General will have to
a take the first steps in the matter and
5 the Commission has already put the
facts in his possession and some action
will be taken at an early date. The
'5 R-ilroad Commission has received a
numnber of complaints as to the roads
refusing to put, in operation the new
Some days ago it was announced
that the Manchester and Augusta
'5 Road had applied to Judge Simnonton
for an order of injunction against, the
t, Commission. The matter was to come
n up on the 21st inst., it was said. As
as sistant Attorney General Townsend,
n who has boon to Charlestoni, inquired at
e the clerk's of1ice and was infoi'med that
t, no such p~ap~ers had been tiled In his
d oficee. Trhe Commission has been serv
if ed with no papers and the whole
*e matter is in a curious condition. If an
.order of injunction is to be argued it
"ought to be with thes Clerk of the
e Court. In a few days some legal steps
- will be taken which will end in having
,the question In dispute settled one
f way or the other.
,s -The Seaboard Air Line will on the
n 12th inst., it is stated, take ofY its reg
~. 'lar' train between Columbia and At
ai lanta. It is understood sthat President
y Childs, of the Columbia, Newborr'y
at andi Laurens, wvili inaugurato a new
r cheduie on his road and the Laurens
a Railroad recently purchased by him
i- for a Columbia syndicate, which will
answer the samne purposes as the train
if to Atlanta.
n -The Journal of Inebriety estimates
the total number of drunkards in
1,t America at 1,600,000. There being
4t about twenty-live millions of adults in
s. tis country, this means that one per
e son out of every fifteen dirinks to excess,
:0 and .is consequently more or less of~a
s. dirunkard. The Journal thinks that
a. this estimate is a very modest one.
e and rather under the mnark than above
it --" What is .she migrrying for
nmoney or family ?" " Family, I should
n a.He's a widower', with 11 children."
'The News and CottrIer's Prise Contest5i
Our offer of prizes to tlho mocst succossfulI
11 hog growers in theo State in 18i% was prodluc
it ive of sQfoo results by3 airoumsing anmd pro
moting ini reost iiin niportant but neglected
a~griculttmrtal inidust ry and inducing imiany
if (armors to onptago in It againt to thmeir owit pro
fit and wvithi large bonelit ti St tt, that we
have doetorinedi to orgaitz aniother compo.
P i ltioni for thme year Ii'90, andl to (ote di i t so as
10t include a vatriety of productt andm to enlist
r mi still largernmmtmber of fmirmners in it. .
tarrminged, it will lbe amnnomuced mat amn early
r uda anmd In good time for time duti iniformaitiont
e ofll whoi mmay diesire to ongamgo in it. We
amnnot dot imore to-day than give a very ken
e anti its obmjects, witht the unfderstandmming that
d the scheme its heo oumthimr-e is sulb eot to whmat
ever miodifications nmay ba founmd >o be neces
o) sary before them final anmnmoimnce,,ment of condi
*r tions is made.
e e comm 'tition wvill be ilmited to subserib
Vr ot ecekly News amnd Coumri(r.
d Thei p~rtzes will consist of five hmumndredl dol
t lars im caish, and~ one gold medal timd onme il
e vor modaml. Tihe five hundrod doihars ill ihe
divideod imnto prizes of onte hundttreod d liars
I- and fifty dollars, to he paidi t~ time wiinnetrs ini
b the several contests. TPhe imediais will lie int
dopemndent of time cash prizos, anti subiject to
soiparaito competitiomn, mtt that no cenitostant
'r camn receive botht a medal amml i "tash prize for
d tme same thimmg.
One of time contests will bie for hogs atgaimn,
' but mmnder sormewhmaf dlifferenmt conmdit ions
e froim time comntest of I895. We learned last y'ear,
if whemt too hate to chtang time pumblihed conmdi
tionas matorially withoutaffeatomg some oif them
-time contest, to pigs i,orn ma I 95 exchmmded somec
h tha~t, mighit properly haviie been emntered, tmid
thamt woumld have bieen mtered hiit for thmmt.
lirmitaition. Wo miako the timeily anid ditiliite
n antnounmcemnent now therefore, thamt thmemlin
o contest for li96 will liei (in blarch I: wils
loso 1100 damys later min< will bit oi in 1o mill
pigs not ever 4 momttls (iltd onf March 1. Thtesa
4 termtsof course, will petrmit thmtemutryof pImga
4 horn inm November and Deocember ', as i well
r as thoses born in 1895.ti.ntd we it ink amre bth
piropler aind liberal for time putrposes oif time
Amnothlier cimtest, will be oirganizedl for it
best exhibit, of ha -msintg thme word in time
wides', sense, to ioitudo mill kindis of " lonmg
tfeed " or " forage ' as clover, timof hy, tlifail fia
flermudma and (ither grasses. so 'urite or mix
eon fodder nea vintos, piimdir vines, etc.,
t.Time condtitmnms of thmis contest will pireb
number qf acres, au~1 the 0qiality ot tbe
roduct as dotrnilne y it i
tho Charlesten market. a P 0
The News and Courier has a spooialrd
of course, for the tobacco crop, which er'
Dawson was so largely Instrumental in ro-cs.
tablishing in South Carolina, and is dosIroug
of promoting and oxtonding the cultivati n
>f the plant as far ats iricticable. A prze
will be given to the farmor who makes tlo
most profltable crop on 0e acro, so as to al
low both large and small farmors to compete
for it on an eq ual foothig. The quality of
the tobacco will count heavily in such a con
test. of coursobut quality alone or yield alone,
or quality and yield together will not insure
the capture of tile prize. As now proposed
tie farmor will win it who " clears " tihe most
Monoy from an acre, and tells his follow
f. rmers how lie managed to do so. and thosO
aonditions evidently will give every tobacco.
rower a fair chance and make the contest
Uoth Interosting and instructive
Another and very goneral, but highly in
tensely and proiltablo, contest will be organ
ized for progressive " all round" farmers. by
the offer of a prize for the bost results obtain
ad from diversilled Oro)s grown by a single
armer. The general plan for this contest is
that the competitors may produce what t hey
ease-cotton corn, small grain, tobacco, hay,
ruIt, pindars, truok, hogs, cows. horsoS shoop,
pultry, butter, eggs, honey, otc., oto.-tho
prize to be awarded to the one who shows the
argest relativo proilt on the year's operations
provided only that he produces not loss than
our dIfferent kInds o. flold or orchard crops
-as corn cotton, tobacco fandI hay; or corn,
eas, pindars arid potatoes; or cotton, hay,
Lurnips aid oatA; or peaches, cotton, wator
inelois aid corni ;or g rapes, corn, wht at ind
Labbagos. and so on through a hundred possi
blo combinations of the larger "plough crops"
With whato% or additions may be mado in the
Way of raising cattle, sheo) and hogs and
Iultry, boo-koonllg, buttor-making, gardo?
ng for market oto oto Tle pur poso of' the
1ontost is to prove taitt "diversitied" ind "all
ound" farming pays In South Carolina, and
toexhibit the proofs and give public recog
ition to the farmer that makes tho best show
1mall and largo farmers can comrpoto for
ils prize oi equal( terms. The highest "prof
It" nm.do por acro for the wholo number of
Icres emloyed on the farn, and including
verythring made on the farm, will detormino
Lhe winner whether ie fari tori acros or a
housand. I'ho prizo cannot be won by spond
lng tino and labor und money oi one or two
It is most desirable that more attention
3hould be Ialld in this State to the industry of
shieel rasing, which could be devoloped to
iiportanitr proportions, if the farmers wouid
take hold of it in earnest.. Another prize will
be offered in the interest of this industry.
Another will be offered to be comnpoted for
by tie fruit growers. who Iave already fairly
0rganizeld 0ie of tife most. lp11roilsing new in
(Ilust ries in the Stato. but will be interested
doubtlessir in contest which will show .who
is the leader in this ileaslnt and proiltable
La.1W, but not least in tho order of merit and
Interest, will be the prizo to be contested for
ry tihe women of tie State who nrc working
on the farnms'as hard Is their husbands and
fathers aid brotheis and sons, without get
ting duo credit for their part of the yearly
>roducts and income. This contest will cover
the tield of woman's work oin the farm, in tire
orchard, about lie lbuso, in the dairy and
kitchen, and garden, in tire poultry yard, and
4onrg tI bee hives, and in all the wide and
viried lepartmenits of her ceaseless Industry,
arid we hope will serve to inspiro manry such
,vorkers with new interest in their daily and
atil-day tasks and dutIes. All cannot win the
>rize, of course, but all can win recognition
or the inm)ortait Iart they pllay in making
farinig profliabie-anl iossiblo-to tho ien
who work allIeld, and we can promiso all the
contestants such recognition at. least, besides
tire prizo or. prizes to thoso who win them.
I ils contest will l lit" I in naturally andr neat
y with the contest for the prizo for tire most
.accessful "ill round " farm. aid it may well
tio that the prize for such a farm will be won
at last by the farmors in petticoats, who help
to I run it." in the race.
We havo ralready mado this intrductory
chap or with regard to tire soveral contests
larger than we intended it to be, and will only
ard, therefore that all tire prizes indicated
willbe certainly rilforod, and perhaps more of
thom; that the coniitions of the several con
tests will b announecd in a fow days and
that the prosent intention is to have all the
farim products offored for competition, as far,
as practicabl, exhibited in Charleston on tire
ocettaloni of the next lall Festival, when the
prizes will be publicly awarded.
Headache Destroys Health
Rtesultiing In poor memory, irrItabilIty, ner
vousness arnd i'ntellectual exhaustIon. It
*Induces other for-ms of 'ilseaseo, such as opi
lepsy, hceaf't disease, apoplexy, insanIty, eto.
Dr. Miles' Nervine Cures.
Mr's. Chias. A. Myers. 21 iannia St., Fort
Watyno, Ind., wrItes Oct. 7, 1894: "1 sniflered
terribly with severe hieadachies, dizzliress,
backache anrd nervousra ess, graduial ly grow
irrg~vorso until my lIfe' was despaIred of,
and try' what we would, I found no relIef
untIl I commrrenced rislug Dr. Miles' Nervirn
'I have taken five bottles and belIeve I am
well wioman, arid I have t-iken groat cou'
fori, in i'rcommendring all of may fr'londs to
-use Nervlne. You imay pu ilishr this letter
if you wIsh, anrd I hope it mraiy ho the means
,of saving some Othier sIck mrotihor's life, as ft
dn Sle by all druggigts. Blook on Heoart
and Nerves senrt l Itl'l. Dr. MIles Medical
0o., lkhanrt, Id.
DrdlMiles' Remedies Restore Hedth.
To introdnioe our furneiturro busIness
Into every comnnrrnity In the South
errr States, and in order to do so in
the qunickest I ine, have concluded to
make some v'ery liberal offers in bed
room'suites to seirro at least oe
- customer at e',ery postollce in'
tihe next 60A udays. Please read thiIs
advertisement care 'uilly arid acrid at
0once for (lire of oiim peocial olfeis.
Ourgret oferNo.. I consistsof eno
- o idak iledro'om Suite w~thr large
dlresser wiiih 20hx24 bevel nifrroi', oe
lairge Warshisfani, with double door
arnd 'Irawer, onie t-foot ledstead f'ull
wIdth. Tihris suite oif -furnIture is
-worri n any fui'rniuro store riot les.
thn V'A' lo riot. thInk for ode that;
it Is a litt le chrerap aurit, for we msaurdi
you it is nrot, but a large, 'fuill-Size
su ie cmlnarl to anrythrinrg on tio marke.
in order tor start thre smale of tires.
sruit es anrd to keel) ourr inen busy anid
lnt roduice ouir busIness in your nreigh
borhrood, we agree to shIp 9iO fi uIto
only to ormch shrippi a. point- in the
Boirthm for $15, wh'n iib'mash comnes
With tire order. Th~is adlvertisfeent
wdril poisibly appeacir twice in this pa
per. iirerefoe.,fyo are interested,
curt tIs out andI send withr $15 anid thre
smIte wIll be shipped to you.~ If it is
not jusat as reprosentedh you may ro
tirn tire sulito at our expense and.
y'our $15 will be refunded to you. Our
catlnoguoe coiininrjng rmany illustra
Stieins of rai'o bargaIns and flouse fur
nishlinag goods will be sont .to youup
Th''io suIto above desQrthed is a spec
ira bargaInarnd does riot appeair In thre
*catalogume, throroforo It is useless to
SwrIte for illustratIons of tis suaite,
adwieyou are d61ayi'ng writing
Ssorme on e lsotnay get the bargain.
We assriryoui thratwe wIll nt sh ip
b urt ones suIte itn yorur aolghrborhuood
-' at this prIce. A fter onear suitehrraboon
shitppeod in thre neighborhrood the.
*pice will go to at least $30.
L. . PA DGE~.T T.
A848 BROAD ST., AUGUSTA, GA.
instant Killerol Pain.
internal and External.
,. .. RHEUMATIS NIURA ,
Lamp Back ueos
SW BSift L and
ntant era W-r
o Dipt IW bThroat
AO, ,as pbmagio.
R A ND 0, o fk0V red~ for
tlaomoet P~w J and lea to treat
>r oeat Inra00 Lthntfo san
= 01 7., .ise40f.
eiOca and N 8o R ETAL SOAP.
ace Beautifier. .adies fn it e must
ielloate and highly perfumca tilet Soap
tho market. ItUa absolutelypu Makes the
skin soft and velvety and resteroe e loest 00n.
Plexion I Is a luxury for the Bath for infant.
it alays 1tching. cleanses the scalp and promote
01c growth of hair l'rico Mt. For sale br
WE TH INIR
that the best Is none too good for our
customers; and the growing demand for
our produota is proof that
OUR PATRONS KNOW
where to secure the highest grade of mae.
terial, quickest deliveries, lowest prices,
and best results generally.
AUGUSTA LUMBER CO.e
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Lumber, &a.
"Buy of the Maker." AUCUSTA OGR
PIEDMONT AIR LINE.
. Cond.nsed Schcdute of P-crenger Trains.
Ves. Fat Ai.
Nor:liound. No.38. No 3 No. 12 NO. 18
Jn. 5.. 1896. . 'Daily iDally Daly H Sun
Lv.A tlast~ C.T.12ow1 11 16 p 7 80 a 4 35p
A. ailttR.T. 1Uu p 12 1,a 8oa 63 p
" Norcroass............. 12 60 a 938a 69P
" 1h1i dI .. . ........ ........ 10 16 a 7 8p
" talnuAivilo.. 225p 201sa 1041 a743p
Lla..............223a It64a &12p
Cornelia ............... .... 11 .,! a
" Ma.. A iry ........... 2 50 a 113 a.
" "I.'ccoa. .... .......... .. 1113 a.
' Wes minster ........ 3 .oa I. :; p .
$1neca................. 407 a 1242p ....
.It t'itra'l . 445 p 433 a 1 201p ....
" Oreenvillo .. 5 30 t b 1 a 2101)
* hpartantaurg 0 18 p 6 18 a 22 i ...*
" G.alTny ............. 6 53 a 4 1.p.
" Iliacksb1urg .. 700p 7 0 a 430p .
" lng's it. .. .......32a 600p
S(.asLnia .... ......... 7 3a 628 p
Ar.Chlotto 820p 833a 6201p
Danvillo 1200 a 1 Z0 i1 25 p.
Ar. Itichmouil.. .. 0 00 a a 40 p 00 a.
Ar. WalStaington. 042 a 9 40 p.............
Slialtim'.. iktR 805a 112 p
hiladlia. 1 2 3 a...........
1ew Yprk.... 12 63 n 6 20 a.............
Vos Fat MI
Southbound. No. 37 No. 35 No. i I No. 17
tayily Daily Jiily iH Sun
Lv. N. Y., i It. 4 30 p 12 13 i................
S1.hia(aelphhi. U 55 1 3 60 a.............
" ll~.~inro.... 9 20 p 6 22 a.
" Washington. 1043 p 11 15 a .............
Lv. ltichmold ... 200 a 12 55 p 2 00 a.
Lv. Danvillo...... 5 ,0 a 60P1)0 .
" Charlot .... 9 35 a 1061, 1220 p.
" GastoW,'aa. ... 11:10 1.06. .
" Ing' I1......
"a aiks.urg... 10449 12 a a
" Sp Gali nys t . ... ........ .....
U Spartanburg. 11A a 44 p.
" (Orconvillo.... 1228p 1p0a40p
SComiral...115 p 3s 6'n
" Seneca............... a a .
" Toccoa. ... ........a 8p
" At. Airy..... ..........4 .
"Cornelia...... ........... * ~
" Guansvl .. 3 31 pI~ f~
". NorcroIss..... .... ......9 2p87a
Ar.Atlanta,1E.T. 45 p 2a13pO~
Iv .4... '.T 31.5i F,0 9 700 a8.....
444...p x ---...:~ 13 p~N ni.....
Atlnt an Brxiiihan.45li oars.p72
mav .----- I'.T .ar 355wee A2a0a, N0p 830a
lenos 3and 18w asintoonrkSuhw.tr
Vesiu. 1Limntd. Through ulean oareotpers
.fngthon, anaanliongomeboro.dalo e
twahngtw ornd Memhis0. Washington,0
Atlnt Bn BDiingam DeInngt Carlote
W. . TURK 36Unte St.e FIAstDalIl. u
asingn ars b0.oo Atlanta,w Ga
Consandew York. eue n ffc
.W . .EN J.ATIM..CULP1
" Col North Carolina.
WA. TUw~RK, 1.2H 21RDW pOK
Gen'lfPass. Ag12s' ontPs.At
Washnon D..S Atlanta...Ga.
Condennso d Schdul0i Efec
Prse-*y.,............. 16 2 p is
Ar. A toigT ._(_x. _u.)... ....."s i
Gireenwood ............. . 1 5 p
"..H.d.............................. 23 a 1*
Ar1i. b sIlo............. .........I 00 a
I.-.!......................1 1 4p a u
Ar A tiix.'.':................~... 103 p-ns
..re.nv... ....................... 370~* P
" Piedrons..................... 110 a asi
"* Wiliaton..S............ 11103 a U
Uuri~~~....r...n...... ... ..i.......l~f0~
.----r.o-.............. 31 a
Ar. Donnan'd. .............. . 12o p u
___o_-... .n.... .SO10a r
No dIor 15~l STATIONS. IN,1No
,i Ar0 p T11 10
a :a....U51mn brw2r 340 ~1f38
OS59a I209p ... A lston . " N512 50
00....1..........Santo..... "4 1 43 11 42
od8a 143i " ...non... 6 1 112
S89 9a 2.02 p "... Jonisville... "~ 1240i 1107
'913' a 2 13p ".aclet. .;. " 12'28 10O54
0 45 ' 2 40 A r..8pr toI,Irg Lv. i1 46 0 1
945a 310 L)V..8pattatbirg Ar. 1128 a 1025
1 00p t45 Ar...Ashvil;0;.Lv. 82.0 718
"P'," p. im. . 4A," a. iii,
Trains loave Spartanburg, A. and C. division
northbound, 0:18 a. m.,3:22 p. mi., 0:18 p. mU
(VTestibill Limited); southbound, 12:50 a. m.
8:05.9. mn., 11:37 a. mn., (Vestibuteld LimIted.)
Trains leave (Jrenylile, A. arid 0. divisIon,
nor4thblondl~,5:19a. m., 2:l0 p. mi. arid 5:30 p. il
(Vestibutled ~imited); southbound, 1:50 a. m,
4:40 p. nm., 12: 28 p. mn. (Vestibuled Limited).
Pullmian palace sleepiing cars on Trains 3N
and 88, 37 and 88, on A. and 0. division.
Gsn. Suiperintenident, Traffio M'g'r,
Washington, D. O, Washington, D. 0
W.A. TUtK,' 8, H. H ARDW10K,
Odn'.Pats. Ag'S. Ast Glen. Pasp. .Ag't,
:. Atlanta, Ga
P. L. WELLS, Supt., Columbia, S. 0,